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V / 

iCollcftanca it Ucbus ^Ibanicis, 
















Communicated by Donald G&egoby, Esq. 

I. Documents qxustrative of the History of Icolmeill and the 



1. Rentale of the Bisboprick of the Bis and Abbacie of Ecolm- 

kill 1 

2. Renunciation, Mr Lauchlan Maclean in favour of Bishop 

Carsewell, 1567, ..... 5 

3. Obligation, Roderick Macleod of the Lewis to John Camp- 

bell, Bishop of the Isles, 1573, ... 6 

4. Obligation, Sureties for John Campbell of Calder to the 

Bishop of the Isles, 1575, .... 8 

5. Obligation, James Macdonald of Castell Cames to the Bishop 

of tlie Isles, 1575-6, ..... 9 

0. Obligation, Angus Macdonald of Dunyveg to the Bishop of 

the Isles, 1580, 12 

^ 7. Act of the Lords of Council and Session, in causa, Bishop of . 

's the Isles against the Islesmen, 1580, ... IS 

r^^ 8. Contract between the Bishop of the Isles and Lauchlan Mac- 

^ lean of Dowart, 1580, - «> - - 15 

rt) 9. Gift of the Escheit of sundry Islesmen to the Bishop of the 

V Isles, 1581, ...... ^18 

^ II. Documents illustratifk of the Custom of Fosterage in the 


1. Bond by Sir Donald Campbell of Ardnamurchan, Bart to 

Neil Campbell, second sou to Archibald, Earl of Argyle, 

1641 19 




2. Contract of Fosterage between George Campbell of Airds, on 
the one part : and Donald Dow M'Ewin and Rose, his 
Spouse, on the other part, ]665y . « . 20 

III. Miscellaneous Docdmentsl 

1. Gift, King James IV. to ft Highland Student of Law, 1508, 22 

2. Gift, King James V. to Torquil Macneill, Chief of that Clan, 

1530.1, ib* 

a Mandate, King James V. to the Justice. Clerk, 1539, - 23 

4i. A proposal for uniting Scotland with England, addressed to 
King Henry Vtll., by John Elder, clerke, a Reddshanke, 
1542, o^ih^ i ^ u . - ib. 

6. Warrant, Mary Queen of Scots to the Justice- Clerk and Clerk 

br f%dnH¥, % fltVbiiir oTieertali^ mKj^k^^im, ld65» • 82 : 

6. Obligation, Laochlan Mtfctitifofth bf tkkiiattt^tane to Ranald 

MacRanaldof Keppoch, 1569, .... 33 

7. Act of Privy Council* in causa, Donald MacAngus of Glen. 

garry against Hugh Lord Lorat, 1575-6, . . 34 

8. Tlie Roll of the names of the Landiblordis and Baillies of 

Landis in the Hielands and Isles, ^uhair brokin men hes 
dfuelt and presentlie diiellis, l587, . . .35 

The Roll of the Clannis that hes Capitanes, Chie^is, and 
Chieftanes quhoiine oh they depend, oft fymes againis the 
willis of thair Landislordis, and of sum speciale persohis of 
l>ranchis of the ^id dlaiinis, 1587, ... 37 

9. Roll of the Broken Clans in the lEIighTands and Isles, i594>, 38 

Notes to the two preceding numbers of the Miscellaneous l)o- 
cuments, by Donald Gbfoort, Esq., - - ' - 40 

10. Act of Prity Council, ordaining a levy of Highlanders to assist 

the Queen of England in her Wars in Ireland, 1602, 45 

1 1. Act of Priyy Council anent Wappdnshawings in the Highlands, 

1602, ' 4© 

12. Eitract from a Letter, Sir Alexander l^ay, Clerk Register of 

Scotland, to a friend at Court^ in London, r6l0, . 48 

13. Letter, Neill Macleod to the Privy Council of Scotland, 1610, 49 





I. GaeUC MS. waiTTBN CIBCA A.D. liSO; WITR A 'DtAMfLAtlOlft ^ 50 

l^otes to the above, ........ 60 


Translated, witiT Notes, by Wiluast P. Scene, Eath 

IttCrddttctory Note, by WatiAM F. Skene, * . . 03 

I. Err&ACTs from Tnounc^a Saga, Chapter XX. » - ib* 

Chapter XXII. . . ^ . ^ » 64 

II. I8I.AND8 LaNDNAMABOK, . . « ^ • 65 

til. Laxdaela Saoa, Chapter I. ... ^ 67 

Chapter 11. - • «• - - - ih. 

Chapter III. * w . . - - 68 

Chapter IV. -.---- - ib> 

aRCiTER A.D. 1057, and Edited from the Codex SrowsMns, Na 
XLI. ; with a Translation and Note^ by WiluaM F. Skene, Esq. 70 

Note to the above Poem, - ... . - 78 


Communicated by Donald Gregory, Esq. 

IV. Contracts of Friendshif, Bonds of Maintenance and Man- 
rent, AND other similar DOCUMENFS. 

1. Contract of Friendship between William Lord Forbes and 
others, on the one part ; and Duncan Macintosh, Chief and 
Captain of Clanchattan, Hugh Rose, Baron of KilraTOck, and 
others, on the other part, 1467, - . - - 80 



2. Bond of Maintenance by Farquhar Macintosh, son and appa- 

rent heir of Duncan Macintosh, Captain of the Clanchattan, 

to Hugh Rose of Kilravock, 1481, ... 81 

3. Contract of Friendship between Sir Alexander Dunbar of West- 

field and Sir James Dunbar of Cumnock, on the one part; 
and Farquhar Macintosh, son and apparent heir of Duncan 
Macintosh, Captain of the Clanchattan, with consent of bis 
father, on the other part, 1492, .... 83 

4w Bond or Letter of Maintenance, Colin, third Earl of Argyle, 

to John Macdougall of Raray, 1522, ... 86 

5. Bond or Letter of Maintenance, by Archibald, fourth Earl of 

Argyle, to Ninian Bannatyne of Kames, 1538, . . 87 

6. Obligation by James Duke of Chastellaurault, Earl of Arran, 

and Lord Hamilton, to James Macdonald of Dunyveg, in 
reference to the Duke*s Isle of Arran, 1556, - - 88 

7. Contract between Archibald, fourth Earl of Argyle, and Ar- 

chibald, Lord Lorn, on the one part ; and John Macdougall 

of DunoIIy, on the other part, 1556-7, ... 89 

8. Contract between Archibald, fifth Earl of Argyle, on the one 

part ; and Tormod Maclcod, son to the late Alexander Mac- 
leod of Harris, with consent of Hector Maclean of Dowart, 
his guardian, 1559-60, . . . - - 91 

9. Decree-arbitral by the Regent Earl of Murray, between Donald 

Macdonald, fifth Baron of Slate, and Colin Mackenzie of 
KintaU, 1569, - - - - - - 92 

10. Bond of Maintenance by Archibald, fifth Earl of Argyle, to 

Duncan Abrach Macgregor and others of the Clan Gregor, 

near relatives of the said Duncan, 1573, - - 95 

11. Bond of Maintenance by Angus Macdonald of Dunyveg and 

the Glens to Ninian Bannatyne of Kames, with Obligation of 
Manrent by Bannatyne in return, 1577, - - - 96 

IS. Contract of Friendship between Donald Macdonald, sixth 
Baron of Slate, for himself and for Angus Macdonald of 
Kintyre, on the one part ; and Lauchlan Macintosh of Dun- 
nauchton. Captain of the Clanchattan, on the other part, 
1587, 97 

V. Documents illustrative of the History of the Fisheries in the 

West Highlands and Isles. 
L Act of Privy Council regarding the Fisheries of Lochbroom 

and other Lochs on the West Coast 1 566, - - 99 

2. Commission to Angus Macdonald of Glengarry to try certain 
individuals accused of the slaughter of Robert Guidlett, 



mariner in Kinghom, irben engaged at the Fishing on the 
West Coast of Ross-shire, 1574, ... 100 

3. Obligation by Roderick Macleod of the Lewis and Torquil 
Macleod, his son and apparent heir, regarding the Fishings 
in the North Kles, 1576, - ... 101 

4i Proceedings before the Privy Council, in a complaint by the 
Burghs of the Realm against some of the Highlanders for 
molesting those Burgesses engaged in the Fisheries in the 
North Isles and adjacent Mainland, 1586, . . 102 

5. Proceedings before the Privy Council, in a complaint by Tho- 

mas Inglis, merchant burgess of Edinburgh, and Robert 
Sinclair, skipper in Leith, against Hucheon Macgillespick in 
Waterness, and others, 1600, .... 104 

6. Letter, King Charles I. to the Privy Council of Scotland, 

regarding the Fisheries in the Lewis, and the resort of 
Foreigm rs to that island to fish, contrary to the laws of the 
realm, 1632, ...... 105 

7. Letter, King Charles I. to the Privy Council of Scotland, 

touching accommodation to be provided in the Lewis for 
the Association of the Fishing of Great Britain and Ireland, 
1634, 106 

8. Letter, King Charles I. to the Bishop of the Isles, in favour 

of the Association of the Fishing of Great Britain and Ire. 

land, 1634, 107 

9. Letter, King Charles I. to the Privy Council of Scotland, 

directing an Inquiry into the Exactions by the Heritors of 
the Isles from those engaged in the Fisheries, and the bring, 
ing in of Foreigners by the Heritors, 1634, - . t6. 

10. Report by Lord Lorn and the Bishop of the Isles, Commis- 

sioners appointed by the Privy Council to inquire into the 
matters mentioned in the preceding letter, 1634, . 108 

1 1. Proclamation by the Privy Council of Scotland regarding the 

Fishing in the Isles, 1635, . . . - 111 

VI, Documents illustrative of the State of Education, Reugion, 
AND Morals, in the Dioceses of the Isles and Aegyle, in the 
Reigns of James VI. and Charles I. 

1. Letter from Andrew Knox, Bishop of the Isles, to King 

James VL, 1607, - - - - - 112 

2. Letter, the same to the same, 1608, . - - 113 

3. Extracts from Instructions by James VI. to Commissioners 

appointed for the improvement of the Islet, 1608, 115 



4. Bhi4 ^ fkipd 9$ tbft jfnnidf^ l^lfenam^ declaring their 
religion, and binding tbcifis«We$ lor the improvement of the 
InU^t both in religioo and obedience to the civil law, 1609, 1 15 

^ Tiro Statutes for forwfo'ding the interests of religion and pro- 
moting morality and education among the Islanders ; agreed 
to by the principal men of the Isles, in a cqurt held by their 
Bisbop at IcolmkiU, under a special commission from the 
King and Pdry Council of Scotland, 1609, - - 118 

6m Letter from Andrew Boyd, Bishop of Argyle, to King James 

VI., Iftl5, - . . - - - 120 

f. Act of Prjvy CovocH aegarding the education of llie children 
«£ the Chiefs in the Ulw, enact^ with the consent of the 
principal Chiefs, 1616, - - - - - 121 

B^ Obligatioil by the Chiefs in the Isles lor building and repair- 
ing their parish churches, 1622, - . - 122 

9, Report by Thomas Kno«, Bishop of the Isles, of die ilate of 

his diocese, 1626, - - - - - i6« 

\&, ObKgatioD by Murdoob Maclean of Locfabuy to Mr Z^Iartine 
M^I'lvera, minister at the chuivfaes of Killease and Killena- 
cbin, )643y . . , ^ . . 120 

1 1. Letter from King Charles I. to- the Privy Council ol Scotland, 

regarding the state^of th4 Diocflse of the Isles, iiS^U - 127 


1. Petition from the Presbytery of Stirling to the P^ivy Council 

against the Clan Gregor, 1603, - - - - 128 

2. Ordinance of the Magistrates of Dumbarton as to the watching 

and warding of that town, 1604, ... 129 

6. Act by which a number of the Clan Gregor, in obedience to 

an act of the Privy Coiuicil, renounced the name of Maegre- 

gor, and adopted other surnames, 1606, - - • . ISO 

4. Letter, Sir Alexander Colquhouo of King James VI., 

complaining of the Clan Gregor, 1609, ... 132 

5. Memorandum of the proceedings of the Privy Council of 

Scotland regaiding the C}am Gregor, |4th January 1613, 1^ 

it. Extract Letter^ Sir Thomas Hamilton, Lord Advocate of Scot- 
land, afterwards Earl of Uaddtngten, to King Jamea VL, 
regarding Robert Abroch Macgregor, 1&I3, - - 134^ 

7. Letter, Sir Duncan Campbell of Glennrcfay to King James 

VI., in answer to a royal Misuve directed by Iran in fhvoor 

of Rahert Abroch Macgregor, 1613> ... 135 



VIII. I>cfdtmKMT9 ecnrKfiCTED wmt «he SaocxanoH to trb Esxasiss 


]. Gift by James^ Earrl of Armn, Regent of Seotknd, to George^ 
Earl of Htintly, of the ward^ non>entry, relief, and mar- 
riage of the heir of the late William Macleod of Dun vegan, 
1552-^, . - . - - - 137 

% Contract between 1^ Earls of Huntly and Argyle, by which 
the latter acquires right to the ward, non*entry» relief, and 
marriage of the heir of Dunvegiin, 155$, *> - 138 

3. Disposition or Deed of Sale by Mary of Guise, Queen Re- 
gent, to James Macdonald of Duny vfg and the Glens, of th« 
said ward, non-entries, relief, and noarrii^e of Mary Madeod, 
hoiress of Dunnegasy 1559>r .... 141 

4» Act of PriTy Council^ bearing that Kenneth M'Kenaie of 
Kintail delivered the person of Mary Macleod of Dunvegan, 
then In his custody* to the Queen of Scotland, • - 143 

5. Notices from the Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of 
Scotland, showing that Mary Macleod was for some time a 
Maid of Honour to the Queen, 156&-1565, - - 144 

C Contract betwvevi ArchiJ^ald, fifth £arl of Argyle, and Tonnod 
Maicleoc^ brother and beir-male of the laite William Macleod 
of Dunvegan, 24 Feb. 1566-7, - - - ih. 

7. Contract between Archibald, fifth Eari of Argyle, and Donald 

Miiodtmald^Slieaic, 15^^!^ . . . . ]46 

8. Absfracl of a Charter under the tJreat Seal «f James VI. to 

Mary Macleod dP the lands of Harris, Dunregan, &c. 1572, 149 

1^. Documents connected wtth the general intercourse of Tradb 
' between the Highlands and Lowlands, and more particclarly 
THE Trade Of tDATTL£-DeAi;;iNO in tbe Highlands and Isle& 

1. Proclamation that none presume to molest the ifighfonders 

resorting to Markets in the Lowlands, 1566, - - 151 

S*. Act of Privy Council, in a complaint by several dealers in 
cattle from the Highlands against Patrick Houston of that 
Ilk, 1565, . - - - . - 152 

'& Act of Privy Council, annulling as unlawful a Proclamation 
lately published {by private authority) in Argyle, prohibiting 
all trade with Mull and the other Islte, 1609, - - 153 

'4. Abstract of an Act of Privy Council, in a complaint against 
Sir John Macdougfll of Dunolly, for levying a toll on cattle 
crossing tbe 'ferries from Mull to Lorti, 162^ - - 154 




14. Act of tbe Lords of Council, ordaining a Proclamation to be 

made as to the granting of new Infeftments in the Isles and 
acljncent Mainland, 1528, - * - - - 155 

15. Act of Privy Council, directing a levy of two Regiments of 

Highland soldiers, among other Scottish levies, for support 

of the King of France, 1552, .... 156 

16. Act of Parliament, ordaining the Inhabitants of the Isles and 

Highlands to show their titles to the lands which they pos- 
sessed, and to find security for the regular payment of his 
Majesty's rents, and for their peaceable and orderly behaviour 
in future, 1597, - - - - - 157 

17. Act of Parliament for the erection of three Royal Burghs in 

the Highlands and Isles, 1597, .... 159 

18. Act of the Privy Council of Scotland in favour of the Crown 

tenants of Isla, who had complained of certain heavy burdens 
imposed upon them, and of an attempt to introduce Irish 
laws and customs amongst them ; and for their relief from 
idle vagabonds and sorners, 1613, - - . 160 

X I. Documents illustrative of the History of Icolmkill. and the 
Bjshoprick of the Isles — (Continued from pay e 19.) 

10. Precept, under the Privy Seal of James VI., of a Royal Char- 
ter of Novodamus, with augmentation of the rental, to Hec- 
tor Maclean, son and apparent lieir of Lachlan Maclean of 
Dowart, of the island of lona, and many other lands, formerly 
belonging to the Abbot of lona, 1587-8, - - 161 

Notes to the preceding Charter, - - - 1 72 

Rental of the Lands in the preceding Charter, - - 173 

1 L Act of Parliament, ratifying a Grant by King Jame^ VI. in fa- 
vour of Andrew, Bi&hop of the Isles, annexing to that Bishop- 
rick the Abbacy of Icolmkill and Priory of Ardchattan, 1617, 180 

12. Act of Parliament, nominating a^ Chapter for the Bishoprick of 

the Isles, 1617, r - - - - 181 

13. Letter, King Charles I. to the Lord Advocate, regarding cer- 

tain actions then depending before the Court of Session, for 
the restoratiolf of the Temporalities of the Bishoprick of the 
Isles, 1631, ...... 182 

14. Letter, King Charles I. to the Treasurer- Depute of Scotland, 

regarding the payment of a Pension formerly granted to tbe 
Bishop of the Isles, 1632, .... 183 



15. Cong^ d'Elire by King Charles I. directed to the Dean and 

Chapter of the Cathedral Church of the Isles, 1633, > 184 

16. Letter, King Charles I. to the Dean and Chapter of the Isles, re- 

commending Mr Neil Campbell to be elected as Bishop, 1633, ib, 

17. Letter, King Charles I. to the Lords of Session, to hasten their 

decision in a law-suit between the late and the present Bishop 

of the Isles, 1634, ..... 185 

18. Letter, King Charles I. to Sir Lauchlan Maclean of Dowart 

and Morvem, Knight Baronet, desiring him to restore the 
island of Icolmkill to the Bishop of the Isles, 1635, - t&. 

19. Letter, King Charles I. to the Court of Session, in favour of 

the Bishop of the Isles, and particularly regarding the Tythe 
Fishes of the Isles, 1635, .... 186 

20. Letter, King Charles I. to the Bishop of Rapho, desiring him 

to restore to the Bishop of the Isles two of the Bells of Icolm- 
kill, that had been taken from Icolmkill to Rapho by Bishop 
Knox, 1635, - 187 

21. Letter, King Charles I. to the Lords of Exchequer, directing 

the payment of a grant of Four Hundred Pounds sterling to 
the Bishop of the Isles, for repairing the Cathedral Church 
of Icolmkill ; and Warrant of the said Lords following there- 
upon, 1635, - - - - - - t6. 

XII. Documents connected with the Presebyation of Game, 
WoojDs, &c. IN the Highlands and Isles. 

1. Letter under the Privy Seal of James VI., appointing Donald 

Farquharson, in Braemar, Keeper of the King's Forests of 
Braemar, Cromar, and Strathdee, 1584, - - 189 

2. Minute of Contract between Colin Earl of Seaforth, Sir Donald 

Macdonaldof Sleat, John Macleod of Dunvegan, John Mac- 
ranald of Tlandtirum, Sir Lauchlan Mackinnon of Strathar- 
dell, and Alexander Macleod or Macgillichallum of Rasa, for 
the preservation of deer and roe on their respective estates, 
and the punishment of trespassers, 1628, - - 190 

& Contract between Colin Earl of Seaforth, Simon Lord Eraser 
of Lovat, Hector Munro of Clynes, John Chisholm of Co- 
mer, John Grant of Glenmoriston, and John Bayne of Tul- 
loch, and others of their respective names, for the preservation 
of the deer and roe on their several estates, and the punish- 
ment of trespassers, 1628, - - - - 193 

XIII. Contaacis of Friendship, Bonds of Maintenance and Man- 
ABMT, AND OTHER SDOLAR DOCUMENTS — ( Conttnuedfrom page 99.) 

la Letter of Tack or Lease by #ohn Earl of Atholl to William 

icii CONTENXa 


Bob«RlK>n of 3tiipw»n, of qsrtain lnn^sip AtboHi rem fi^ 
in coofiidenitioQ of iBubfiitaoa't 3oad «/ J^Mvent to ti\e Earl, 
J57U?, 196 

14b Qbligations of eertam penont of various patrony- 
mical surnames, called thfi Native Men of Craignish, to th^Mr 
.chief, Ronald Campbell of Barricbibyan, then representativie 
of the old Campbells of Craignish, with his pbljgations of 
Maintenance in return, 1593-5, ... 197 

15. ^A^eement between certain Commissioners of Archibald, 

seventh Earl of Argyle, on the one part; and Ale^iander Mac- 
ranald of Keppoch on the other, ... 200 

16. -.Contract by which Archibald, seventh Earl of Argyle, gives his 

Bond of Maintenance to Lauchlan Mackinnon of Strathordiil, 

and receives the latter*s 3ond of Manrent in return, 1601, 201 

17. Contract of Friendship between Malcolm Macfee, or Ml^:du Ae, 

I of CoU>n8ay, .and his Foster-father, on the oqe part ; iuid Ro- 
nald Campbell of Barricbibyan on the other part, 1605, 803 

18. Contract of Friendship and mutual forgiveness of injuria ))e- 

tween 'Donald Macdooal^, ^xth Baron of Slait, and Rory 
Macleod of Harris, 1609, - - - - 204 

19. Bond of Manrent by Malcolm M^Donochie Vlntyre V<'Coshem 

to Ronald Campbell of Barricbibyan, 1612, - - 206 

20. Contract of Friendship between ^neas Lord Macdonell and 

.Aroif former^ ..^qeas Macdoixeli .of Ql^gwry, .axid -Pup- . 
canMaqphwsiOii.of jCiuuy, 1673» * >- - 207 


With a LiTEKAL'ENGLnB'TftANSLftnoN BY'WfEiAAat^f. 'Skene, Esq. 

iNTBODaciOAr Note BY'WiLLiAM^. (Skene, 'E^ - - - 209 

Extracts, ....... 212 

extbacts oontinued, -..--- 256 


'NMm Ito-fl icf iai W ^ Vra|inMM,'4iy ^KROAUkic F.^6nw».-iSM; • MS25 




Tbakblatsd by William F. Skene, Esq. 

IV. Landnahabok, ...... 

V;* Olap Teyggvasonab Saga. 

Chapter XCVI. — ConversalioD betfMeii Esrl BJogmM and 

his Sons, ^ - . , 

Chapter XCVII — Earl Eiaarr avengM bla Fj4her*a4eftU|, - 

VI. Do. JobrntoiDe's Bdkiob, .. . . ^ . 

Of Earl Lodvet and EarkSiguid theSloiit^ liii Soq^ 

VII. IfiALA Saga. 

Chapter LXXXIV. — ^The Outjourney of Ae Sons of Nid, 

Chapter LXXXV. — Of Kara Solmandtfrson, 

Chapter LXXXVL— Of Earl Sigurd, 

Chapter LXXXVIL— A Battle between the Earls, 

Till. Obkneyimga Saga. 

Chapter I. - - 

Of the death of Earl Ttiorfinn, .... 
. The beginning, of the government of Paul and Erlend, 

IX. Sjb&a of Saimt Olave, , - 

X. Magnus Saga. 

Chapter XX. ------ 

•XI. Flatey BeoK, ... 

Harold tormented a Bishop, . . • , 

Of the Commissiohiet^ ..... 

XU. Obkneyinga Saga. 

Last Chapter. — The Burning of 3iahop Adam, 
















* - • 

With Tbanslation and Notes by William F.'Susn^ E§q. 

2. GaEUC MS. WBITTEN CIBCA A.D. 1450, CONTlMtTED; - « 357 

S. Ga^uc MS. WBoruN cibca A.D. 1550,. penes JIigHLano Society 

-OP Scotland, - -- - - - - 360 

Note^ lojbb^^almeJiASS. - - - - 361 




Office-beabebs elected 2d June 1834s .... 2 

Constitution and objects of the Club, ... 3 

List OF MehbebSi June 1834, - - - - . 11 

Abstract of Public Business from June 1834 to June 1835, . 17 

List of Members, June 1835, . • . . . . ]8 
Notices of the Highland Dress and Armour, collected from vari. 
ous sources, and arranged for the Transactions of the 
loNA Club, collected by Donald Gregory, Esq. and 

William F. Skene, Esq. - - - - 25 

1. Magnus Berfaet's Saga, a.d. 1093, ... 26 

2. Wyntown's Chronicle, cir, 1420, - . . . ib. 
a Abbot Bower, dr. 1420, - ... 27 

4. John Major, 1512, . *- . . - ib. 

5. Lord High Treasurer's Accounts, 1538, - - 29 

6. John Elder, 1543, ..... 28 

7. Jean de Beaugue, 1549, - • - - 30 
& Act of Privy Council, 1552, .... .3] 
9. Lindsay of Fitscottie, ctr. 1573, ... ib. 

10. Act of Parliament, 1574, .... ib. 

11. Bishop Lesley, 1578, ..... 32 

12. George Buchanan, 1582, .... 34 

13. Translation of the passage in Buchanan by Mony penny, 1612, 35 

14. Nicolay D'Arfeville, 1583, .... ib. 

15. MS. History of the Gordons, 1592, ... 37 

16. Peregrine OXlery, 1594, .... ,'^. 

17. Camden's BriUnnio, 1607, .... 38 

18. John Taylor (the Water Poet,) 1618, - - - ib. 

19. Defoe (Memoirs of a Cavalier,) 1639, ... 40 

20. Description of Highland Host, 1678, ... 41 

21. Cleland's Satirical Poem, 1678, .... 42 

22. Governor Sacheverell, 1688, .... 43 
2a Rev. James Brome, 1700, .... 45 

24. Martin's Western Isles, 1716, . . . . tJ. 

25. Burt's Letters, cir. 1726, - - - - 48 

26. Gough's edition of Camden's Britannia, 1789, . . 50 

27. Charles Grant, Vicomte de Vaux, 1796, - - 51 


Abstract of Pubuc Business from December 1836 to December 1838, 53 







No. I. 



Imprjmis, the twentie pund landis of Ecolmkill, . . 20 lib. 

Item, of Rosse, 20 lib. 

Item, in Brolos ane pennie land, call it Torrinichtrache, Id. 

* In bringing under the notice of The Iona Olub a series of documents 
illustratiye of the history of the Highlands and Isles generally, the editor 
has preferred commencing with those which throw light upon the history 
of Icolmkill, being convinced that none will possess more interest for the 
members. He is further induced to do so by the consideration, that the 
history of this interesting island, as well as of the Bishoprick of the Isles, 
since the Reformation, is totally unknown. 

t This rental has been hitherto a desideratum among the ecclesiastical 
antiquaries of Scotland, neither it nor that of the Bishoprick of Argyle 
being contained in the Register of Assumption of the thirds of Benefices, 
made in consequence of the act of Parliament, 1561. The editor was 
fortunate enough to discover this interesting document in the charter 
chest of Sir John Campbell of Airds and Ardnamurchan, Baronet, in 
February, 1834 ; and it is here printed, for the first time, by the kind 
permission of that gentleman. Although there is no marking to that 
effect, it appears to mive been a copy made in the reign of James Vl. from 
the certified rental drawn up in 1561, which by some omission was never 
registered. The document is in perfect preservation, and its general 
accuracy is unquestionable. It is to be hoped that the late discovery of 
this rental will encourage the members of the Club to search for that of 
Argyle, which is still wanting. 

VOL. I. A 



Item, the peunie land of Cairsa^fe^ Id. 

Item, the pennie land of Carva^e, Id. 

Item, the half-pennie land of Glasveildirie, . . . . ^d. 

Item, ane pennie land of Eilphubbill, Id. 

Item, the pennie land of the Keallinne, Id. 

Item, the pennie land of Kilbrandane, Id. 

Item, the pennie land of Kilneoning, Id. 

Item, the half-pennie land of Cengarwgerrie, . . . 

Item, the pennie land of Kilmorie, 

The loirsaid nyne pennie land, all lyand within the 
Isle of MuUe. 

The Ahhatia landis within the Isle of Teirie. 

Item, Baillephuille, 4 lib. 

Item, the Wyle, 13s. .4d. 

ITie Abbatis landis within the ClanrannaMis boundis. 

Item, the He of Cannay, 20 lib. 

Item, Ballenamanniche, lyand within the He of Weist. 

The A bbatis landis within Donald Oormis' boundis. 

Item, [in] the He of Weist the tuentie-four pennie land, 

callit tJnganab, 24d. 

Item, Baillenakill in Eillera. 

Item, Kirkapost in Eillera. 

Item, Cairenische* thair. 

Item, in Troutemeiss ane heAt teirun^e.f callit Keilbakstar. 

Item, in Sleatt the tua Airmadillis. 

I%e landis that M'Aen^ hes of the Abbatis. 
Item, Geirgadeill in Ardnamurchan. 

The Abbatis landis possest be M*Gloid of Heries, 
Item, the Ards of Glenelge. 

* It may be noticed that there was a religious house at Garinish, in Uist, 
dependant upon the Abbacy of Inchaffray, in Strathem. Of this founda- 
tion some notices will be given to the Club at a future period. 

t This is an obscure word. The editor will feel obliged by any com- 
munications on the subject of this and other obscure or obsolete words 
appearing in these collections, that he may be the better enabled to illus- 
trate them hereafter by a glossary or otherwise. 

X Mac Ian of Ardnamurchan. 


The landia quhilk the Clandonald of the We8t* Illia haldia 

of the Abbatt 

Item, the tuentie pundis of LaintymaDniche and Mwiche- 

leische in lUa, 20 lib. 

Item, Ardneiv in Ilia, 8 lib. 13s. 4d. 

Item, the fourtie merk landis of Skeirkenzie in Kintyre, 

26 lib. 138. 4d. 
Item, the sax merkis land of Camasnanesserin in Melphort, 

4 lib. 
Item, the 1® pennie land of Muckarn.-(- 

The Kirhia and Persoiiagis perteining the Abbatt of 


Item, the teindis of Ecolmkill, callit the personaige of 

Item, tne personag of Kilviceowin in Rosse. 
Item, the personag of Keilfeinchen in MuUe. 
Item, the personag of Keilnoening in MuUe. 
Item, the personag of Keilchallumkill in Quyneise in Mulle. 
Item, the personag of Keillean in Toirrasa in Mulle. 
Item, the personag of Soiribie in Teirie. 
Item, the personage of Keilpedder in Veist. 
Item, the personage of Howmoir thair. 
Item, the personage of Sand thair. 
Item, the personage of Cannay. 
Item, the personage of Sleatt. 
Item, the personage of Mwidort. 
Item, the personage of Skeirkenze in Kintyre. 
Item, the personage of Keilcheirran thair. 
Item, the personage of Keilchrist in Strathawradall.]: 

Bentale o/Bischopis landia withi/n the Illis, 

Imprimis, Keilvennie in Ilia. 

Item, the lUe callit EUanamwk, possest be M'Aen of Ard- 

* This seems to be an error for south-west, 

t The six merk lands of Camosnanesrin and the lands of Muckam seem 
to be here erroneously included under the lands held of the Abbot by 
the Clandonald. They perhaps formed part of the Priory lands of Ard- 
chattan, held at the B^formation along with the Abbacy of Icolmkill in 
commendam, by the Bishop of the Isles ; and, at all events, were never 
held by the Clandonald, either under the Abbot or any other superior. 

t In the Isle of Sky. Kilchrist is now the parish church of Strath. 


Item, the Ille of Rasay.* 

Item, the fyve Illis of Barray.f 

Item, Skeirachnaheie in Loise.} 

Item, Rona na nav. 

Item, in Orknay. 

Item, Snisport in Troutirneise. 

Item, Kirkapost in Teirie. 

The Teindis and PeraoTiagia perteining the Bischop. 

Item, the Teindis of Buitt. 

Item, the Teindis of Arran. 

Item, the personage of Kirkapost in Teirie. 

Item, the personage of Eie in Loise.§ 

Item, the personage of Roidill in Hereis.|| 

Item, the personage of Snisport in Troutirneise. 

Item, the thrid pairt of all personagis perteining to the 

Abbatt, the personag of Ecomkill and Rosse onlie 


* '* The He of Baarsay is excellent for fishing, perteining to M'Gylly- 
challum of Baarsay be the suord, and to the Bischop of the lies be heri- 
tage : This same M'Gyllychallam shuld obey M'Cloyd of the Lewis.'' — 
Dean Munro, 

t Dean Munro enumerates nine Isles in the vicinity of Barra as per- 
taining to the Bishop, viz. Lingay, Gigaron, Bemeray, Megaly, Pabay, 
Fladay^ Scarpnamutt, Sanderay, and Watersay. From the following 
notice it would appear that these Isles, as well as Basay, were held by a 
layman by the sword, to the damage of the Bishoprick : — 

" Compeirit ane Beuerend fader in God, Ferquhar, Bischop of the His 
and Commendatonr of Golmekyll, and constitut Procuratour Maister 
Johne Lethame, cum totis Procuratorilms cwrU, in the actioun movit be 
him aganis M'Neile the Lard of Barray, MacGillechallum callit of Basay, 
and in all uther actionis," &c. — Acta Dominorum Concilii et Sessumisy 
14th March, 1532-3. 

t The Isle of Lewis. 

§ The old church of Eie, now in ruins, is in the immediate yicinity of 
Stomoway. Here many of the chiefs of the Siol ToreuU, or Macleods of 
Lewis, are interred ; and particularly Malcolm, son of Boderick Macleod, 
Lord of Lewis, who died in the reign of James V. His tomb is still vi- 
sible, and the inscription is entire, with the exception of the date. 

II There was at Bowdill a religious house, founded by Macleod of Harris, 
and dedicated to St Clement. It has long been the burial-place of the 
chiefs of this family ; and the monument of Alexander Macleod of Harris, 
and Dunvegan (commonly called Alister Grottach or Hump-backed), who 
died in the reign of Queen Mary, is still in good preservation, and is per- 
haps the most beautiful specimen of sculpture in all the Western Isles. 


No. II. 



Apvd Edinburgh, xxj May, anno 1" v* Ixvij. 

The quhilk day, in presens of the lordis of secreit connsale, 
comperit Maistir Lauchlane MACKLANE,f and made fayth, 
that he neuer obtenit licence of onre souerane ladie to pas to 
Rome for purchessing and impetratioun of the Bischoprick of 
the His, nor na vther benefices pertening to Maister Johnne 
Carswell, bischope of the Ills, nor nenir purchest the said 
bischoprick, nor the abbacie of Ycolinkill, or vtheris benefices 
in ony tyme bigane. Alwayes, for the mair aboundance, he re- 
nunces, ouergevis, and dischargeis, simplidter, all rycht, titill, 
intres, and clame of rycht quhilk he hes, or can ony wayes pre- 
tend or clame, to the said bischoprick or vtheris the said Maister 
Johnnes benefices. Eatifeand and apprevand the rychtis and 
titillis maid to the said Maister Johnne of the samyn, be thir 
presentis, and sail neuir vex nor molest the said Maister Johnne 
in the peciabill brouking and posseding of the said bischoprick 
and vtheris his benefices, move nor intent actioun, pley, nor 
questioun aganis him for the samyn during his liftyme. 
Quhairfoir the quenis maiestie, with adviss of the lordis of hir 
secreit counsale, suspendis, simpliciter, the lettres purchest of 
the aduocattis instance aganis the said Maister Lauchlane 
Makclane, denunceing him rebeil and putting him to the 
home, in defalt of finding of souerte to vnderly the law in 
the tolbuyth of Edinburgh vpoun the xvij day of Aprile last 
bipast, for his passing fnrth of this realme, nocht intimatand 
the cans of his passing to his ordinar, nor how he maid his 
fynance, and als be ressoun of his noncomperance the said xvij 
day ; and ordanis ane masser or vther officiar to relax the said 
Maister Lauchlane fra the proces of homing led vpoun him in 
the said mater, and to gif him the wand of peace, and that 
lettres be direct heirvpoun in deu forme, as eflTeirs. 

* Begistrum Secreti ConcUijy acta, vol. from March 1563 to June 1567, 
fo. 274. 

t The editor has not yet ascertained who this Mr Laachlan Maclean 


No. III. 


Be it eend till all men be thir presentis, me, Eobie M^Gloid 
OF THE Lewes, for the kyndnes, fauour, and gentres schewin 
to ws be ane reuerend fader in God, Johne Bisohopb of the 
Ilis,"!- commendatour of Icolmekyile and Ardchattane, and 
speciale in the forgevln ws the by-rvne fructis of the kirkis and 
bischop thriddis of Lewis for certane zeris bigane, and sindry 
vther gratitudis and fauoaris schewin be the said bischop to ws, 
to be bund and oblist, and be the tenor heirof, byndis and 
oblissis ws and our airis, for ourself and for our kyne, freyndis, 
servandis, adherentis, partakeris, and dependeris ypoun ws, to 
tak plane and trew and ane efald part with the said bischop, 
commendatour forsaid, in all his actiones, clames, and querrellis 
and debattis aganis all deidlie the [royall ?] auctorite onlie ex- 
ceptit ; and mairattour, sail with my haill force and power, in- 
bring and vplif t the said bischoppis forsaidis fructis, rentis, and 
emolumentis and commodities quhatsumeuir belangand or per- 
tening to the said bischop, be quhatsumewir titill or rycht; within 
the boundis of the His of Scotland, and sail causs his servandis 
be answerit thairof, and that of the thingis alsweill that he hes 
presentlie rycht to, as he sail chance to obtene rycht or titill 
to in tymes cuming ; and gif ony man mak stop or impedi- 
ment, molestatioun, or contradictioun to the said bischop or 
his chalmerlanis, servandis and factouris, or fail to him in ony 
sort, sail causs, after my power, the samin be amendit to the 
said bischoppis contentment, and procur and causs the said 
bischop be thankfulle payit, and sail mak his L. and his 
commissioneris and factouris thankfull payment of all thingis 
awand him within my cuntreis, and salbe obedient to his L. 
and deputis and commissioneris anent all guid ordinances, 
lawis, and constitutionis and correctionis concerning the kirk, 
as the actis and constitutionis of the reformit Kirk of Scotland 
beris, and wes vsit in the last bischoppis tyme.J And gif I, 
or ony pertening me, dissobeyis or opponis ourselfis heirto or 

* General Register of Deeds, vol. 15, fo. 143. Obligation recorded 
30th May, 1576. 

t John Campbell, paternal uncle to John Campbell of Calder, and 
successor to Bishop Carsewell. 

I That is in the time of Bishop Carsewell. 


fakies to the said bischop or his commissioneris, factouris or 
chalmerlanis, the samin to be amendit at the bischoppis or- 
dour and sycht, and his ministeris and clergie that sail assemble 
with him for the time : and in cais, as God forbid, I faill to 
my lord bischop and commendatour foirsaid in the premisses, 
or in ony principale poynt that may be fundine and felt, and 
amendis not the samin, in that cais I to tyne all promit kynd- 
nes, fauour, and proffeit that I haif of the said bischop in 
tymes earning : And for the faythfuU observing and keping of 
this my obligatioun, consentis that the samin be registrat and 
insert in the commisseris buikis of the Sky,* and the commis- 
seris buikis of Ycolmkill, and the buikis of counsale, and to be 
promest to kep the samin, and to have the strenth of ane act 
of the lords of counsale and sessioun, and of the saidis com- 
misseris letteris to pass thairvpoun in form as efferis ; and to 
that efiPect be thir presentis for registratioun and inserting of 
thir presentis abonewrittin in the forsaidis buikis, and, becaus 
I culd nocht writt myself, I haif causit Rannald Angusoun, 
persoun of Oig, subscryve this present obligatioun at my 
command, with my hand led on the pen, the xvj day of Aprile, 
in ane thousand five hundreth threscoir and threttyn yeiris, 
befoir thir witnessis, Andro Calder, Jhone Gamble, sone and 
apperand air to Donald Gamble of Ycharauchin, Alexander 
Monro, notar-publict, with vtheris divers ; and als, hes causit 
the said Alexander Monro, notar, to subscryve the samin in 
my name, in maner abonewritten : And for faythfull obedience 
to the said bischop, and thankfull payment, as Ferquhar bi- 
schop and Rorie bischop gat according to the rentell of the 
His and contractis maid to the saidis bischoppis, I obliss my 
airis to my lord bischop now and his successouris, and to that 
effect constitutis, makis, creatis, and ordanis Mesteris Richert 
Strang and Alexander Mauchane, conjunctlie and severale, my 
procuratouris, to compeir befoir the lordis and registrat this 
obligatioun in my name, promittendo de rata et grato, &**., 
sub ypotheca, &*^*., befoir thir witnessis foirsaidis, day, yeir, 
and place abonewritten. {Sic subscribitur), I Ronald Anguson, 
persoun of Wig in Lewes, subscryvis this present obligatioun 
at the command of ane honourable man, Roderick M'Cloid of 
the Lewis, becaus he culd not writt himself, his hand led on 

* This is the first notice the editor has met with of this branch of the 
Commissary Eecords of the Isles, which, as well as the branch kept at 
Icolmkill, appears to be amissing. It is to be hoped that ere long some 
at least of these volumes will be discovered. 


the pen : I, Bonald Angasoun, persoun of Wig, with my hand, 
ad premissa, 

Ita est Alexander Monro, notarios-pablicus, requisitus in 
premissis teste mana propria. 

No. IV. 


Be IT EEND till all men be thir present lettres, we, Coleyn 
Campble of Babbbek, Donald Campble of Acherachin, Jhone 
Campble of Inuerliuir, Jhone Campble of Dvnstafniche, and 
Dongall Campble of Ineraw, grantis to haif bundin and oblist 
onrselfis, onr airis, and assignais, souerteis, cautioneris, and 
dettonris respective, ilk ane of ws for our awin partis, viz. Ilk 
ane of ws for the soame of thre hundreth and tuentie merkis 
vsnale money of Scotland, haifand passage and courss of pay- 
ment for the tyme, and that for Jhone Campble of Caldeb, 
be his causing and command, extending in haill sovm to sex- 
tene hundreth merks, money forsaid, to be payit thankfuUe to 
ane reuerend fader in God, Jhone Bishop of the Ilis, and 
comendatour of Ardchattane, his airis, executouris, and as- 
signeis, at the daies following, that is to say, aucht hundreth 
merkis thairof to be payit aucht dayes immediatlie preceding 
the Mertimes, in the yeir of God 1™ v« et sevinte-sex, and the 
remanent aucht hundreth merkis at Witsonday and Mertimess 
be equale halfis, promittit be the said Jhone Campble of Calder 
to the said reuerend fader for the here table fewis of certane 
landis of the priorie of Ardchattane, quhilk sovme of sextene 
hundreth merkis, money forsaid, we byndis and obliss ws, our 
airis, and assignais, to content and pay to the said reuerend 
fader, his airis and assignais respectiue, ilk ane of us for his 
awin pairt, at the termes forsaid and maner abonewritten, of 
our awin proper geir ; but fraud, gile, postponitioun, cavilla- 
tioun, or difference quhatsumevir, vnder the pane of periure 
and infamie, and payment of the said reuerend fader, his airis, 
executouris, and assignais, of skayth, dampnage, and expensis, 

* Gen. Reg. Deeds, vol. 15, fo. 78. Obligation recorded 27th March 


as thai sail incar in the craving and obtening of the said 
sowme, quhill thai be compleitlie payit thairof :* And for the 
mair verificatioun heirof, we haif subscryvit this our present 
obligatioun with our awin propir handis, sa mony of ws as 
cold writt, and sa mony of ws as culd not writt, we haif causit 
the notar vnderwrittin subscrive for ws, at Ardchattane, the 
tent day of the moneth of November, anno Domini 1™ v** and 
sevinte-five yeris, befor thir witnessis, Archbald Campble ap- 
perand of the Otter, Jhone Ballych M*Neill v® auchyne, J hone' 
Campble, sone to Donald Campble of Acherauchin, Patrik 
Makgillecreist v<^ Arthour, Hectour Boydache Makneill v'^ 
auchin, Schir Jhone Lawmond, vicar of Innerkelane, and 
Duncane Campble, minister of Ardchattane. (Sic subscribitur), 
Donald Campble of Acherauchin, Jhone Campble of Inuer- 
leuir, Dowgall Campble of Inueraw. Colyne Campble of 
Barbrek, and Jhone Campble, capitane of Dounstafniche, 
with our handis at the notaris pen underwritten, becaus we 
culd not writt. 

Ita est Dowgaldas M'Arthour, notarious, in testimonium 
premissorum pro Colino Campble de Barbrek, et Johanni 
Campble, capitaneo de Dunstafniche, se nescientibus scribere, 
rogatus et requisitus man a sua. 

I Johne Campble of Calder, byndis and oblissis me, my 
airis, executouris, and assignais, to relief and kepe skaythless 
all the souerties and dettouris abonewrittin, thair airis, execu- 
touris, and assignais, at the handis of Johne Bischop of the 
Ilis, his airis, executouris, and assignais, anent payment of the 
said sowme of sextene hundreth merkis, witness my handwritt. 

(Sic svbscribitur), Jhone Campble of Calder. 

No. V. 



Be it kend till all men be thir present lettres. Me, James 
M'DoNiLL geowemych of Castell Cammes, sikerlie to be 
bunden and oblist, and be the tenor of thir presentis lelelie and 
treulie byndis and oblisses me, my airis, executouris, and as- 

* Clause of Begistration omitted, being in common form, 
t Qen. Beg. Deeds, vol. 15, fo. 77. Obligation recorded, 27th March, 


signeis, in the sikerest forme of obligationn that may be devisit, 
to ane Reuerend fader in Ood, Jhone Bischop of the Ilis 
and commendatour of Ycolmekyill and Ardchattane, That we 
sail content, pay, and thankfollie deliuer to the said Benerend 
fader, his airis, executouris, or assigneis, all males and deuteis 
pertaining to the said reuerend fader within North Vyest, Slait, 
and Trotemes, that I, or my factouris in my name, tuik vp or 
intrometit with sen the decess of umquhile Donald M'Donald 
gorme of Trotemes,* to the tyme of the dait of the partising 
and deuisioun maid betwix me and Clane-alespik clerychf of 
the said Donill M'Donill gormes rowmes and boundis, and in 
safar as I nor my factouris hes nocht intromettit nor tane vp 
the said Reuerend f aderis males and dewiteis within the boundis 
foirsaidis betwix the said M'Donill gormes deceiss and the 
deuisioun foirsaid, we sail give vtheris dettouris thairfor, quha 
hes tane vp the samin, sua that he may clerlie knaw quhom to 
creif thairof. Bot nevertheless byndis and oblisses me, my 
aids, executouris, and assigneis, to content and pay to the said 
Reuerend fader, his airis, executouris, or assigneis, all males 
and dewiteis restand awand to him, bayth of kirk and kirk- 
landis, within North Vyest and Slait, sen the tyme of the 
devisioun foirsaid to this dait, and siclyk in tymes cuming, du- 
ring the minorite of Donald M*Donill,J sone and air to the 
said vmqle Donald M'Donill gorme of Troternes, and forther, 
salang as I broik the saidis kirk and kirklandis ; that is to say, 
for the kirklandis and tejrndis of Sandey, tuentie bollis beir, of 
the mett and mesour of Vyest ; flfbr the landis of Vngenab in 
Vyist, with the pendiclis and pertinentis thairof, fourtie-aucht 
mcdes^ of beir, of the custome and vse of Vyist ; ffor the landis 
of Kirkebost, auchtene males of grane, tua bollis beir, threttie 
cubakis quhite cheiss, and ane plaid, yerlie ; ffor the landis of 
Carinche, aucht males and ane mart ; ffor the landis of Balna- 
kelie in lUera, sextene males ; for the third part of the person- 
age of Kilmorie in Vyist, auchtene males ; for the third of the 
fermes of Halskienagallechie, tuentie males grane, and the 
third part of ane maill ; ffor the personage of Kilmoir in Slait, 
xviij merkis money ; and for the bischoppis third part of the 

* Nephew to the obligant in this bond, being the son of his elder brother. 

t A branch of the ClandoTudd Northf or Macdonalds of Skye and 
North Uist, descended from Archibald or GUlespick cleirache, uncle to 
the obligant in this bond. 

X Grand nephew and ward of the obligant, James Macdonald of Castle 

§ This word is believed to be of Scandinavian origin ; and to have 
been, if it is not still, in use in Orkney. 


said kirk, xyj merkis : And this yerlie, alsweill of yeris bigane 
as to cum, sen the dait of the partesing and devisioun f orsaid, 
insafar as is vnpeyit, according to the said reuerend faderis 
rentell, and the payment of the bigannis to be maid ony tyme 
betwix this and mydsymmer, vpon xv dayis warning. Pro- 
viding alwayis, that I sail not be haldin, in tymes cnming, to 
pay for sa mony of the saidis landis as sal happen to be waist 
and not inhabite in during their being waist throw weir or in- 
uasion of Inymeis, that I may nob stop or lett ; and the yerlie 
payment of the males and dewiteis of the saidis landis and 
kirkis in tyme cuming to be yerlie maid in Ycolmkyll, betwix 
Petersmess and Beltane; and forther, gif it happinnis the 
landis of Troutemes, or any part thairof, cum in my handis, 
oblisses ws in likmaner to satisfie the said reuerend fader and 
his factouris of his males and dewiteis within the samiD, insa- 
far as I sail haif intromission therwith. Inlykmaner, oblisses 
me and my airis, executouris^ and assigneis, to fulfill to the 
said reuerend father, his airs, executouris, and assigneis, the 
obligatioun maid be the said vmquhile Donald M^Donill gorme 
to the said reuerend father, concerning the inbringing and 
peying of his dettis that lyis within the said Donaldis boundis, 
and aU pointis and heidis contenit thairintiU, insafar as lyis 
in my handis or power, with the power and force of my self, 
freyndis, parttakeris, and dependeris vpoun me, as the said 
Donald M'Donill gorme wes bundin in all pointis contenit in 
the said obligatioun, of the dait at Dounsceiche the xvj day of 
Januar, the yeir of God 1™ v® and sevintie-tua yeris. Attour 
byndis and oblisses me, in manir abone written, to causs my 
sone Jhone Oig satisfie the said reuerend fader of all skayth 
sustenit be him throw the breking of the said reuerend faderis 
blak boitt, committed by the said Jhone Oig vpoun the coist 
of Kyntjrir, in the moneth of Merche, the yeir of God, 1"* v® 
sevintie-four yeris, throw the taking of hir cabillis and ankris 
fra hir to the said Jhone Oig and his cnmplices, and that at 
the said reuerend faderis awin sycht, as I can appoint, and 
drif thame be bidding and loving, or ellis be the sycht of arby- 
tratouris and freyndis, to be chosyn betwix thame to that 
effect, howsone the said reuerend fader requiris the samin. 
And for observing and keping of all and syndry the premises, 
sail causs act thameselfis and souerteis, conjunctlie and seue- 
rale, thameselfis and yair airis, in the buikis of our souerane 
lordis counsale, and in the buikis of the toun of Edinburcht.* 

* The olause of Registration, being in common form, has been omitted 


And als byndis and oblisses me and my airis to relief my saidis 
cautioneris, but hurt, dampnage, or skayth, at the said rener- 
end faderis handis. And in caisd I faill, that lettres pass at 
thair instance in my contrair, for thair relivance. And for the 
suir observationne and keping of this my present obligationn, 
becaus I culd not irritt myself, I haif subscryvit this present 
with my hand on the pen led by the notar vnderwritten at my 
command, be me speciale requirit thairto, at Edinburgh, the 
xvij day of Marche, the yeir of God 1" y^ threscour fivetene 
yeris, befor thir witnesses, Archbald Campble, appeirand of 
the Otter Donald M'Kynnie of Ostage, Jhone M'Conili 
M'James, servitour to James M*Conill, and Williame Cum- 
ing, notar-publick. 

(Sic subscribUur), I James M*Conill growmeicht, with 
my hand at the pen led by W. Cuming, notar-publick, be me 
speciale desirit thairto. 

No. VI. 


Be it kend till all men be thir present lettres, ws Angus 
M*C0NILL OP DONYVAIG, to be bundin and oblist, and, be 
the tenor of this present obligatioun, byndis and oblisses ws 
in the maist suir forme of obligatioun, that we sail fortife, 
mentyne, and defend Jhone Bischop op Ilis, and sail mak 
him thankfuU payment of all by-rvne dewties awand be ws to 
him, and siclyke sail leif our bailie-depute and our servandis 
to pay to him ; als, sail pas with our forssis throw all the Ilis 
with him to cans all utheris within the boundis mak him pay- 
ment, or ellis thair reddiest gudis and geir, insafar as he crauis, 
conforme to our obligatioun gevin to the said bischop, and 
subscriuit be ws, the erle of Ergile and the laird of Auchin- 
brek, our cautioneris, and sail fulfill the said obligatioun and 
euerie point contenit thairintill, off the dait the xvij day of 
Junij, the yeir of God 1"* v® Ixxix. And siclyke, conforme to 
our contract and vreittis maid be ws to the said reuerend fader, 
baith anent kirkis and landis within our said boundis ; siclyke 
we bind and obliss ws in the stratest maner of obligatioun, 
that quhow sone the said reuerend father chansses be way of 

* G^n. Reg. of Deeds, vol. 19. Obligation recorded 16th June 1581. 


law jbo Gompryse any landis or heretageis pertening Lauchlane 
M'Clayne of Doward, within the boundis of Hay [or] Kyntir, 
that we sail delywer to the said reuerend father thankfull pay- 
ment of the sowines that he sail compryse the saidis landis [for] 
at twa or thrie ressonabill termis at the fardest, as we sail agrie 
with the said reuerend father, and tak of him ane iust infeft- 
ment of the saidis landis, as men of law can devyse ; and quhill 
the said payement be maid, bindis, and oblisses ws to him in 
the said comprissing, and also oblisses ws to put the saidis 
landis he comprysses to the greittest availl and proffeitt that 
the saidis landis hes bene at of beffoir to the said reuerend 
father, and sail fortifie, meintein, and defend him, his airis, and 
assignais in the possessioune of the samine.* In witnes heirof, 
I hawe subscrywit this my obligatioun with my hand, at 
Doneveg, the penult day of Junij, the yeir of God 1™ v« and 
Ixxx yeiris, beffoir thir witnessis, Archibald M' Angus Elych, 
Alexander Campbell, persoun of Killychmynewyr, Duncane 
Campbell, minister of Ardchattane, and Patrik M*Arthour. 
(Sic subscribitur), Angus M*Donald of Donovaig. 

No. VII. 


Tertio Decevibrisy anno 1580. 

Anemt the sumondis raisit at the instance of ane reuerend fa- 
ther in God, JoHNNE Bischop op the Iles aganes Gilemane 
(or Gileinane) M'Neill of Baray, Borie Og, his sone and apeir- 

and air, Ailane M'Cayne muddort of AUantyrem, 

M'ConiieiU M'NicoU, offici^r in Trouternis, Donald M'Gil- 
lasbic cleriche baillie of Troutemes, Hutcheoune his brother 
thair, and Ronnald Calvoch thair, Murdo M'Ciayne of Loche- 
bowie, Angus M'Doneill of Doneveg, Ronald M'Doneill, 
Lauchlane M'Conoquhy officiar in Sker of Quhanininche,J 
Ronald M*Conoquhy M'Ane his brother, Neill M'Duff [ie], 
Neill M'Ky of Cherand,§ Murdoch M'Duffie of CoUinsey, 

* Clause of Registration omitted, tU supra, 
i Register of Decreets of Council and Session, vol. 82, fo. 169. 
% This word is doubtful ; probably Skdrkenzie in Kintyre (mentioned 
in No. I.) is meant. 

§ Perhaps Eilchiaran in Kintyre. 


Gillechrist Og M'Culeis in Ardnahow, Moir Nene Rannald 
Moir, relict of vmqle Allaster Oig M'Coneill, Gilleschallum 
M'Gilleschallum of Rasay, Roderic M'Cloid of Lowis, Johne 
M'Ane of ArinamurchaD, Lauchlane M*Clane of Dowart, 
Torraond M*Cloid of Hemes, Donald M'Doneill Qormoche; 
and all and sindrie tutouris and curatouris of the said 
Lauchlane M*Clayne and Donald M'Doneill Gormoch : To 
heir it be fundin, be decreit of the counsale, that the saidis 
persones, and ilk ane of thame, hes intromettit with the maillis, 
fermis, teyndis, and deuties pertenying and belanging to the 
landis and kirkis pertenyng to the said reuerend father within 
the bischoprik of His and abbay of Ycolmkill, ilk ane of thame 
for thair awin pairtis of the cropis and yeiris of God 1"* v^ Ixxij, 
Ixxiij, and diuerss vtheris yeiris; extending to diuerss availl, 
quantetie, and prices lyk as at mair lenth is contenit in the 
saidis summondis, actis, and letters maid thairupoun befoir. 
The said reuerend father compeirand be Mr Alexander Mau- 
chane, his procuratour, and the forsaidis persones, defendaris, 
being lauchfuUie summond to this actioun oftimes callit and 
nocht compeirit, the lordis of counsale continewis the saidis 
suinmondis in the samine fornie, force, and effect, as it is now, 
but preiudice of pairtie vnto the xij day of Aprile nixttocura, 
with continewatioune of dayis, and ordanes the said reuerend 
father to haif letteris to summond the witnessis that were sum- 
mond of befoir and compeirit nocht, to be summond agane 
vnder gritar panes ; and ma witness, gif he pleisses, for preve- 
ing of the poyntis of the saidis summondis agane the said day ; 
and ordanes the deposiciones of witnessis ellis takin in the said 
mater to be closit quhill the samyne day ; and that the pairtie 
be wamit of this continewatioune, and to heir the witnessis 
suome, and siclik, to compeir personalie befoir the saidis lordis 
the said day, with continewatioune of dajris, to gif juramentum 
calumpnie vpoune the haill poyntis and articulis contenit in 
the saidis summondis ; with certeficatioune to thame, and thay 
failzie, thay salbe haldin pro confessis. 


No. VIII. 


At Abdchattane, the aucht day of December, the yeir of 
God 1™ V® and fourscoir yeiris, it is appoyntit, aggreit, and 
fynalie endit, betwix ane reuerend father in God, Johne, 
Bischope of Ilis, on that ane part, and Lauchlake 
M'Clane op Dowabt on the vther part, in maner, forme, 
and effect, as eftir foUowis — ^That is to say, the said Lauchlane 
M'Clane of Dowart takand the burdin on him for his kvn, 
freyndis, pairttakeris, and dependeris vpoun him ; and alsua, 
in respect the said Lauchlane being Bailie, sould defend the 
immoniteis, previleges, and fredomes quhatsueuir grantit to 
the bischoprik of lUs and place of Icolmkyle be the kingis of 
Scotland, sen the first fundatioun of the said place to the day 
and dait of thir presentis : Thairfor the said Lauchlane to be 
bundin and oblist, and his airis, to tak plane pouer with the said 
reuerend fader to assist and mantyne him in all and syndrye 
his rychtis and actionis, ether presentlie in his hand or yit to 
cum ; and in speciall, in the collecting and inbringing of the 
fructis, rentis, and emolumentis pertening to the bischop of the 
Ilis, abbacie of Ycolmekill, and priourie of Ardquhattane, 
within the boundis of the Ilis ; and the said Lauchlane M'Clane 
oblisses him to pas with the said reuerend fader with his forssis 
and bring in the saidis proffettis within sex dayes nixt eftir he 
be chargit be the reuerend father thairto, according to his 
power, sua that the said Lauchlane be nocht chergit be the 
kingis grace or my lord of Ergile seruice in the meyntyme. 
Attour, the said lauchlane byndis and oblissis him to causs 
the said reuerend fader joiss and broik the ile of Ycolmkill, the 
landis and barony of Kosse, the half of Ballifoill, and the 
grange of Kilmenie in Ylay, als frelie with all males, dewi- 
teis, setting [and] resing of tenentis, removing and dispossess- 
ing of fre halderis, according to the ordour of law, vse and 
consuetude of Ycolmkill and barony of Kosse, als frelie as ony 
bischop or abbot broikit the samine, sen the first fundatioun of 
the said place of Ycolmekill ; and sail tak Lauchlane M'Donald 
M'Conych and his galey of seruice of the saidis landis of 

♦ Gen. Reg. of Deeds, vol. 19. The contract is recorded 26th De- 
cember, 1580. 


Rosse; and sail neuer place ane Stewart-depute vpoun the 
saidis landis of Bosse indoring the said reuerend faderis llftyme; 
hot onlie the thriddis of courtis, as Bailie, to pertene to the said 
Lauchlane and his airis : And sail suffer na maner of persoun 
or 'personis to oppress the saidis landis of Ycolmekill and 
Bosse, or tenentis thairof, or trouble or molest thame in ony 
sort with ather stentingy conyow, gerig seruice,* or ony maner 
of exactioun ; and except four men out of Rosse onlie, and 
four men furth of Ecolmekill, to pass and kepe the fortalice of 
Carnebulg,-|- vpoun thair awin expensis, salang as M'Clane is 
in oisting \ to his returning ; and in all vther caussis, requiris 
the seruice of the saidis tenentis of Ycolmekill and Bosse, with 
the haill males, dewiteis, quert Stewart, § conf orme to the ren- 
tell and teyndis to the said reuerend fader, induring his lyf- 
tyme ; and the saidis tenentis to serve him onlie and the place 
of Ycolmekill, and to be his houshald induring his liftyme. 
Mairattour, the said Lauchlane, takand the burdin on him as 
said is, byndis and oblissis him and his airis to causs the haill 
teyndis of Mull, and all vitheris places within his dominioun, 
to be thankfuUie peyit to the said reuerend fader yerlie, or ellis 
the hiest prices or availl the saidis teyndis may be estimat to, 
in quhois handis that evir the saidis teyndis be, except onlie 
samekle of the saidis teyndis as in the said Lauchlanis awin 
handis, to be reseruit to himself for payment of the dewiteis 
usit and wont. And anent the teyndis of Teirey, the said 
reuerend fader and Lauchlane M*Clane referris to the com- 
mowning of Jhone M'Clane, Baillie of Morverne, J hone 
Campble of Eriskay, Neill M'Ewin avoych, Donald M'Ewine, 
and Fatrik M'Gllchreist. And, mairattour, sail causs the said 
reuerend fader be answerit and obeyit, and his commiseris, vi- 
sitatiouns, spyrituall correctiouns, and pecuniall panis, as ony 
bischop is obeyit within this realme of Scotland. And anent 
the haill teyndis of Mull, that ony man clames rycht to, their 
rychtis to be producit befoir the bischop and cheptour of 
Ycolmekyll, the said Lauchlane M'Clane being present. And 

* These words are very obscure, and the attention of the members is 
n^quested, to elucidate their meaning. 

t A strong fortress in one of the Treshinish Isles, off the north-west 
coast of Mull. 

X In oiiftingy that is attending a host or army under the king or his 

§ Another obscure phrase. The obscurity, however, may be owing to 
a blunder in the Record, which at this particular time is written in a very 
cramped hand. Perhaps the first word may be read '' giiett." 

- — I I 1 1 mmtm^m^^^^m^^m^mmm^mm^mmmm^mmKmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm^ 


alsua the said Lauchlane byndis and oblissis him to content 
and pay to the said reuerend fader the soume of ane thousand 
merkis, in pairt of payment to ane guid compt of the byrun 
males and dewiteis of the kirklandis, that the said Lauchlane 
broikis, perteining to the bischopriks of the Ylis and abbacie 
of Ycohnekyll sent the said bischoppis entrie, quhilk was the 

day of of the year of God 1™ v'^ 

sevinte tua yeris : And mairattour byndis and oblissis him to 
produce his chartour of feu of samony landis as he haldis of the 
bischopriks of the Ylis and abacie of Ycolmekill, and all 
rycht he may clame, befor Schir Newyne M*Vicar, as com- 
missar of Ergile, and Dougal M*Arthour, notar publick, be- 
twixt the day and dait heirof, and the xxviij day of December 
instant, and sail gif the autentik copy and transumpt thairof 
to the said reuerend fader, that he may knaw quhat landis 
he haldis of the said reuerend fader, sic as Duncane M*Dou- 
gall, fear of Donnoldych, for payment of the soume of ane 
thousand merkis for the expenssis and renunciatioun of ane 
decreit, as efter followis, that is to say, thre hundreth merkis 
thairof at the feist of Sanct Lauerence nextorum, four hun- 
dreth merkis at Sanct Mauenis fair nixt thairefter, and thre 
hundredth merkis in compleit payment of the said soume of 
ane thousand merkis at the feist of Candlmess nixt, in the 
yeir of God 1**^ v^' and fourscoir yeris. And the said Lauch- 
lane byndis and oblissis him to compeir befor the lordis of 
sessioun, and thair, quhatsumeuir securite the saidis lordis 
can deviss for the said reuerend fader, the said Lauchlane ob- 
lissis him to mak and perform the samine betwix the day and 
dait of thir presentis, and Beltane nixt heiref tir f oUowing ;— flfor 
the quhilkis caussis, sua to be done and performit, the said 
reuerend fader byndis and oblissis him, vpoun the premoni- 
tioun of XV dayis, to compeir before the lordis of sessioun and 
counsall, and after the ressait of cautioun and securite for the 
yerUe payment of the males and dewiteis pertening to the 
Bishopric of Ylis and Ecolmekyll as the saidis lordis of 
counsall sail devise, the said reuerend fader sail renunce 
jind simpliciter discherge the decreit obtenit aganis the said 
Lauchlane M'Olane of Dowart, anentis his fewis, pertening 
to the Bischoprik of the His and abacie of Ycolmekill, and 
sail put him in the samine place he was before the obtening 
of the said decreit, and the said Lachlanis charter to haif the 
samyne forme, force, and effect, as it had befor the obtening 
of the said decreit ; and gif neid beis, the said reuerend fader 
byndis and oblissis him to pas with the said Lauchlane 

VOL. I. B 


M^Clane of Dowart, vpoun the said Lauchlanis expenssis, to 
obtene ane confirmatioun vpoun the chartour gevin be urn- 
quhile Maister Jhone Kerswell, sometime Bishop of the Ilis * 
and sail fortifie, mentyn, and defend the said Lauchlane in all 
his honorable and lessum actionis, as appertenis ane bischop 
to do to the said Lauchlane, as his spirituale sone ; and als the 
said reuerend fader obiissis him, incaiss that the said feu char- 
tour maid be the said vmquhile Maister Jhone Kerswell to 
the said Lauchlane be nocht fundin sufficient, in that caiss, 
the said reuerend fader obiissis him to mak, seill, subscriue, 
and deliver to the said Lauchlane, ane feu chartour, als suir 
as men of law can deviss, for sic soumes of money as he and 
the said Lauchlane can aggre ; and alsua the said reuerend 
fader byndis and obiissis him to obtene lettres of poinding and 
horning from the lordis of secreit counsale and sessioun, to 
warrand and keep skaythles the said Lauchlane, in inbring- 
ing to the said reuerend fader the males and dewiteis of the 
bischoprik of Ylis, and abacie of Ycolmkill : — Attour bayth the 
saidis pairteis ar content and consentis that thir presentis be 
extendit in the most large forme, with all claussis necessar, 
and that the samine be renewit als oft as neid beis, be adviss of 
men of law. In witness heirof, baith the saidis pairteis hes 
subscrivit thir presentis with thair handis, day, yeir, and place 
forsaidis, befoir these witnessis — Jhone M'Lane, Baillie of 
the Morverne, Archibald Campble, apperand of the Otter, 
Jhone Campble, constable of Dunstafuiche, Jhone M'Donell, 
alias Campble, Patrick M*Carthour, and James Kyncaid, no- 
tar public. [Sic subscrMtur] Jhon Bischop of the Ilis, Lauch- 
lane M'Olane of Dowert; Jhone M'Clane, as witness, Jhone 
M'Donald, alias Campble, witness; Jacobus Eincaid, nota- 
rizts testis in premissis. 

No. IX. 


OF THE ISLES,t 1581. 

Ane lbttre maid to Johne, Bisohop of Yllis, his airis 
and assignais, of the gift of the eschete of all gudis, moveabill, 

* The editor has not yet been able to discover this charter, which, 
however, he has ascertained must have been granted between 1666 and 
1572, by Bishop Carsewell, to Hector Maclean of Dowart, Lauchlane's 
father. A Confirmation of this charter, by James VI., will be be found in 
this series of documents, under the year 1587. 

t Begistrum Secreti Sigilli, vol. 48, fo. 29. 


and nnmoveabill, &c., that may fall and becum in our soverane 
lordis handis, quhilkis pertenit to umquhile Donald M'Gilles- 
pic Clereiche, baillie of Trouternes, Huchone M'Gillespic 

his brutbir, Maconeill Maknicoll, officar of Trouternes, 

NicoU, his brothir, Murdoche M'Clane of Lochbuye, Lauch- 
lane M*Clane of Doward, and James McDonald Gromiche 
of Caste! Games; and now pertening, &c. to our soverane 
lord, &c. be ressoun of escheit, throw being of the saidis per- 
sounis, and evirilkane of thame, ordourlie denunceit our said 
soverane lordis rebellis, and put to the home, be verteue of 
lettres in the four-formes, purchest at the instance of the said 
Johne Bischop of lUis, for non-payment of thair fermes, maillis, 
teindis, and dewiteis, quhilkis thai have intrometit with re- 
spectMj pertenying to the Bishoprik of YUis and Abbacie of 
IcolmkiJl and ar pairtis of the patrimony of the samin, and 
pertening to the said Johne, be verteue of his provision thairof 
of the croppis and yeir of God I™ \^ Ixxv, Ixxvi, Ixxvii, and 
Ixxviii yeiris, croppis, last bypast, and remanyng at our said 
soverane lordis home, be the space of ane yeir with the mair, 
&c. At Dalkeith, the xxvi day of Julij, the yeir of God for- 
said (1581). 

Per sigimturam, 1^ merkis. 

(To he continued,) 



No. I. 

ABGYLE,* 1641. 

Bb it kend, till all men be thir present lettres me Sib 
Donald Campbell of Ardnamubchane, knight baronet. 
Forasmeikle as I have been earnistlie desiring to have the 
fostering of Neill Campbell,*!* second lawful son to ane no- 

* This and the following document, both of them exceediDj|ly curious, 
are taken from the originals, in the charter-chest of Sir John Uampbell of 
Airds and Ardnamurchan, baronet. 

t Afterwards well known as Lord Neill Campbell of Ardmaddie — his 
father, the earl, having been advanced, in November 1641, to the dignity 
of Marquis of Argyle. 


ble lord, Archibald, Earl of Argyle, Lord Campbell and 
Lome, wherewith his Lo. wes content ; bot in regaird of the 
troubles of the tyme, the said Neill could not convenientlie be 
in my cumpany, lykeas now he is to be put to the schooUes ; 
alwayes the said noble lord, his father, is content that he be 
repute as my fostar, whereof I do verie gladlie accept : Thair- 
fore, and for the love, favour, and affection which I have and 
bear towards the said noble lord, his house and children, and 
particularly for advancing of the said Neill Campbell, his Lo. 
second lawful son to ane fortoun, &c. ; [Sir Donald Campbell, 
by a bond in common form, grants to the said Neill, the sum of 
6000 merks, payable in 1646, when the grantee shall be four- 
teen years of age. This bond bears date 1st May 164!l, and 
the money had actually been paid long before 1653, by George 
Campbell of Airds, executor to Sir Donald, as appears from a 
discharge dated in that year, and written upon the back of the 

No. XL 


At KEiLCHALLUMKiLL,f the aucht day of December 1665 
years, it is condiscendid and aggreit upon betwix George 
Campbell op Airds, on the one part, and Donald Dow 
M*EwiN, IN Ardmastill, and Eoiss N'Odochardie, his 
SPOUSE, on the other part, as follows: — To witt, forsamekle 
as the said George Campbell gives in fostering to the said 
Donald and his said spouse, Issobell Campbell, his lawful 
dochter, for the space of seavin yeiiis from Beltane nixt ; 
lykas the said George Campbell gives, grants, and dispones 
to the said Issabell, as M'heliffX tua new calfit kyne, with 
ane calf and ane stirk of ane yeir old, with ane tua yeir old 
quey, and that at Beltane next, with ane uther tua yeir old 
quey at Beltane, 1667 yeiris : Lykeas the said Donald and 
his said spous gives, grants, and dispones to their said foster 

* From the original in the charter-chest of Airds. ^ 
t KeiU in Duror, Argyleshire. {3^ (^^^X.t^ ^^ rt..N - 
X An obscureppgrhaps an obsolete word, to which the editor requests 
the attention of Gaelic philologists. 


tua farrow kyue, with ane stirk and ane tua yeir old quey, at 
the said term of Beltane nixt, and ane uther tua yeir old quey 
at Beltane, 1667 yeiris. Quhilkis haill kyne, with thair in- 
cres salbe in the custodie of the said Donald and his said 
spous during the said space of seavin yeiris ; the milk of the 
said kyne to belong to the foster father, and the incres of the 
cattell to the said Issobell, being ane calf betwix ilk tua new 
calfit kyne: Item, the said George Campbell is to grass the 
yeald kyne yeirlie, yf the said Donald have not suflScient pas- 
turage for them : And siclyke, it sal be in the optionn of the 
said George Campbell, at the expiring of the thrie first yeiris 
of the said seavin yeiris, to tak back the said chyld for hir 
educatioun, or othirwayes to latt her remaine with hir said fos- 
ter father ; at the quhilk tyme of hir removall, it sail be in the 
said Donald's optioun to delyver back the said kyne with thair 
incres, or otherwayes to detaine them in his custodie till the 
expyring of the said seavin yeiris : And siclyke the said Do- 
nald and his spous oblisses thame to grass and heard the saidis 
kowes with thair followeris sufficientlie, and to give an ac- 
count of their incres yeirlie, to be market to the behalf of the 
chyld. And mairover, for the love and affection quhilk they 
have towards their said foster, and also for other gude consi- 
derations moving thame, the said Donald Dow and also the 
said Boiss, ylkane of thame for their awin pairtis, sells and 
dispones, without recalling, to the said Issobell Campbell their 
foster, ane bairn's pairt and portioun naturall of thair haill 
guids and geir whatsomevir, quhilk sail pertein to thame the 
tyme of thair deceis, siclyke as if she war thair awin lawful 
chyld: Provyding alwayes, that in cais the said Donald and 
his said spous depart out of this lyfe without children procreat 
of thair awin bodies surviving thame, in that cais it sail be 
lesum to thame at thair deceiss to nominat and appoint aither 
of thame ane dilapach* allanerlie to succeid to thame, in ane 
equall portioun with thair said foster, and heirto thay ar oblist 
in the most sure form of obligatioun, &c. &c. 

* A Gaelic word, properly dileahach, a legatee, from dUeab, a legacy. 



No. I. 



A LETTER of gift maid to BLA.NOCH Wilyambson, induring 
the king's will, of all and hale the lands of [the] Terungaf 
of Kilmartine, and the half of [the] Terunga of Baramosmor 
in Troutemes, with their pertinentis, extending yerely to sax 
marks of auld extent, liand in the Lordschip of the Ilys, to 
hald the said Kanoch at the skolis, and for to lere and study 
the kingis lawis of Scotland, and eiPtirwart to exerce and use 
the samin within the boundis of the His, &«•. At Strivelin, 
the xj day of Aprile, the yere of God, 1°* v« and viij yeris, 
and of the kingis regne the xxi yere. 

No. XL 


THAT OLAN,J 1*530-1. 

Ane lettre of gift maid to Torkill Maknelb, chief and 
principale of the clan and surename of Maknelis, of the gift of 
the males, fermes, proffittis, and dewties of all and sundry the 
landis that pertenit to Gillecallum M*Nele of Geya, liand 
within the sheriffdome of Terbert, of all yeirs and terms bi- 
gane that the samine hes bene in our soverene lordis handis, 
be reson of nonentries ; and siclik of all yeris and termes to 
cum, ay and quhill the lauchfull entrie of the rychteous aire 
or airis thairto, being of lauchfull aige, with the relief of the 
saidis landis quhen it sail happin ; with power to the said Tor- 
kill to intromett and tak up the malis, fermes, proffittis, and 

* Eegistrum Secreti SigUlif vol. 3, fo. 162. 

t From this document it appears that a Teirunge (as it is spelt in the 
rental of IcolmkUl in this volume), or Terunga of land, was equivalent to 
four merk lands of old extent ; at least, in this instance, one Terunga and 
a half are equal to six merk lands. 

X Eegistrum Secreti SigiUiy vol. 8, fo. 221. 


dewties of the saidis landis, with their pertinentis during the 
said space, &*^». This lettre of gift to have strenth in tyme 
cuming, induring the said Torkiles gude service and our sove- 
rane lordis will, and nocht ellis. At Strivling, the ferd day 
of January, the yere of God, 1™ v^ xxx yeris. Per Signatu- 
ram, manu S[upremi] D[omini] N[ostri] Regis subscript. 

No. III. 



Justice Clerk, We greit yow weill. Forsamekle as it is 
complenit till us, be our lovitt James CANNOCHSOUN,f and 
the remanent of the kyn, and friendis of umquhile Fynlaw 
carrowe Makdowsley, and his sone, the crepill with ane fut, 
Ewin M'Lauchlen, &c., now laitlie slane be Donald Bal- 
Low McNeill and his complices, the said James now beand 
in our service : Herefoir, that ye direct lettres upoun the said 
Donald and his complices, samony as the party will give in 
bill, till an peremptour day, as sail be gudlie thocht be yow, 
till underly our lawis for the said slauchter : And this ye failye 
nocht till do, because our mynd is till have equate justice done 
till all our liegis. Subscruit with our hand at Falkland, the 
xxvi day of July, and of our regne the xxvi yeir. (1539.) 


No. IV. 

A REDDSHANKE,J 1542 or 1543. 

To the most Noble, Victorious, and Redoubted Prynce 
HENRY the Eight, by the grace of God, of England, 

* From the original mandate, in the records of the Court of Justiciary. 

t James Macdonald of Dunyveg and the Glens, called Cannochsony after 
his grandfather, Sir John Macdonald, knight, surnamed Cathanach^ chief 
of the clan Ian Mhor of Isla aud Kintyre. 

X This most remarkable document was copied from the original, in the 


France, and Irland, Kynge, Defender of the Christen 
Faithe, and in erth next vnto God, of the Churche of 
England and Iriand Supreme hed, Joune Eldab, Clerk, 
a Reddshank,* wisseth all wealth, all honour, and triumph- 
ant victory ouer all his enemies. 

Albeit that fere, for laick of leirnyng and witt (moost high, 
excellent, and myghtie Prynce), offcentymes persuadid me to 
withdraw my pene, from writting vnto your noble Grace: 
Yeit, neuer the les, perceaving emonges other thinges, in what 
miserable estate the realme of Scotland is presently in, for 
iieid of a wise gouernour, syns the soden death of our noble 
Prynce Kynge James the Fyfte, your Maiesties nephew, laite 
Kynge of the same, now after his decese, being reuled as it 
was in his tyme, be the advyse of the Cardinal!, associatt with 
proud papisticall buschops, which euer allured our said noble 
Prynce in his daies, with their fals, flatteringe, and jugglinge 
boxes, from the naturall inclinacion, and loue, which he ought 
vnto your Maiestie, his moost myghtie and naturall Vncle. 
Consideringe also what ease and quiettnes, what wealth and 
ryches we shulde haue in Scotland in few yeares, yf now after 
our said noble Kynges decese, Prynce Edowarde, whom God 
preserue, your Maiesties naturall sonne and heare of the noble 
empyr of England, shuld, as he shall by the grace of God, 
marye our younge Queyne of Scotland; by reason whereof, 
the forsaid buschops, which be the Dewils convocacion, and 
the father of mischief, Dauid Beton ther cardinal!, with Beel- 
zebub's flesmongers, the abbotes and all ther adherentes, beinge 
quyte expulsed and drywyne away, boith the realmes of Eng- 
land and of Scotland may be jojrnede in one ; and so your no- 
ble Maiestie for to be superiour and kynge. Furthermore 

British Museum {Bibl. Beg. MSS, 18 A, 38, 17 leaves in 4to) by David 
Laing, Esq., Secretary to the Bannatyne Club, by whom it was printed 
in the first volume of the Bannatyne Miscellany, in 1824. It is here re- 
printed by permission of that body, who have likewise kindly permitted 
to the lona Club the use of the fac-simile, in wood, of John Elder's sig- 
nature, prepared for the Bannatyne Miscellany. 

^ John Elder, the author of this document was, by his own account, 
a native of Caithness, and a clergyman, who had studied at the Universi- 
ties of St Andrews, Aberdeen, and Glasgow, for twelve years. At this 
time he was probably an exile in England, on account of his religious opi- 
nions. He was the author of several curious tracts, particularly a plot, 
or description of Scotland, to which the document here printed served as 
a sort of introduction, but which is now lost. Occasional notices con- 
cerning Elder are to be found in our bibliographical writers. 


knowinge what trew faithfnll hartes the moost part of the 
commons of Scotland, (yf they durst speke), beyound the 
watir of Forth, haue to your highnes, and wold hartly and 
glaidly so continew, yf the said pestiferous Cardinall, and his 
blynd ignoraunt buschops, with certane other wylde, fals, 
crafty bores, which haue drunkyne the Frence kynges wynes, 
and taistide of his cwps, plainge leger de mane (as they say) 
with boithe haundes, wer tyied vp in ropis and halters. More- 
ouer, heringe and seinge what loue and fauour the valiaunt 
Yrishe* lordes of Scotland, other wayes callid the Reddshankes, 
(excepte the Erll of Argyll, which is ravisshide onelye from 
the opinioun of the rest, be the Cardinall and his busschops, 
becaus he is novrisshed and brought vp in ther bosomes, and 
lyis vnder ther wynges), beris vnto your said Maiestie, of 
whois princely magnanimitie, Salomonicall wysdome, and sa- 
pience, and heroicall Lumanitie and beneuolence, now S3ntis 
the death of our said lord naturall and Kynge, is euer ther 
communicacion, and euer ther reasonynge : Sene they heire 
and vnderstaud, how mercifully, how graciously, and how li- 
berally your noble Grace hath vsed, orderide, and dealide with 
the lordes of Irland, ther nyghboures, which haue continewid 
so many yeares rebellis ; perdonying and forgyving theame ther 
offences and trespasses; creating of them, some erlis, some 
lordes, and some barons ; rewarding theame more like princis 
then erlis and lordis, with gold, siluer, and riches ; and sending 
theame home agane with gorgious indumentis, and rich ap- 
parelL Also, perceavinge what sedicion and variance, wliat 
dissension and insurreccions, what theifte and extorcions, what 
dearth and misery, what pryde and hypocrisy, what invye and 
haterat we shall haue in Scotland, so long as this miserable, 
wretched Cardinall and his busscheps reagnethe and reulithe 
emonge ws ther, without your Highnes, by the prouision of 
God, hunt and drywe theame shortly fourth of the same with 
fyre and swerde: I can no les do, then offer this plotte of 
the realme of Scotland vnto your excellent Maiestie, wherein 
your Highnes shall perceaue and se, not onely the descripcion 
of all the notable townes, castels, and abbeis ther set fourthe, 
and situat iu ther propir places, as they stand in euery countie 
and schyre, with the situacion of all the principall yles, marched 
with the same, callid Orknay and Schetlande, and of the Out- 

* Throughout this document, the word Yrishe is applied to the High- 
landers and Islanders of Scotland, and to this day the Gaelic language 
is adled Eriichey or Erse, by the Lowland Scotch. 


ysles, commonly namede the Sky and the Lewys: but also your 
noble Grace shall se the cost of the same, the dangers lying ther- 
by, with euery port, ryyer, loigh, creke, and haven there, so 
tmely drawyn and set fonrthe as my poore witt and lemynge can 
vtter and disceme. Which plotte, I haae not made by relatcion 
of others ; but in so moche (and pleas your Highnes) that I 
was borne in Caitnes, which is the northe part of the saide 
plotte, marched with the East yles of the same, callid Ork- 
nay ; educatt, and brought vp, not onely in the West yles of 
the same plotte, namede Sky and the Lewis, wher I haue 
bene often tymes with my friendis, in ther longe galleis, arry- 
wing to dyvers and syndrie places in Scotland, wher they had 
a do : but also, beinge a scholer and a student in the southe 
partis of it, callid Sanctandrois, Abirdene, and Olasgw, for 
the space of xn^ yeares, wher I haue travailde, aswell by see 
as by the land, dyuers tymes ; by reason whereof, knowinge all 
the notable places ther euery wher, with ther lordis and mas- 
ters names, and from thens vnto the said countreth wher I was 
borne, I am the bolder (pardon cravide) to offer the saide 
plotte vnto your excellent Maiestie; — wherein, becaus it bi- 
commes not me, a wretche destitude of all good lemynge and 
eloquence, to interturbe your noble Grace with theis my rude, 
barbourous, and fessious lettres, in declaring of the forsaide 
plotte in this litle boke, I haue written the principal erlis and 
lordis names in Scotlande, annext to ther common habitacion 
and duellinge place in the same; with a brief declaracion of 
all the ryvers, loighis, and havens ther also, to the intent your 
noble Maiestie may perceaue, se, and reide the same ther, 
without any farther investigacion. And fforsomoche, and 
pleas your Grace, that I haue written the names of all the 
Yrische lordes of Scotland, commonly callit the Beddshanckes, 
and by historiographouris, Pictis; joynede also to ther cun- 
treth and duellinge places, I will, be your Maiesties pardon, 
writ souiethinge of theame heir, whois names, bicause they be 
Yrishe, and soundis not well to be interprete in Englis, I will 
declair theame to your Grace in Latyne. Therfor, if it pleas 
your excellent Maiestie, Scotland, a part of your Highnes 
empyre of England, bifor the incummynge of Albanactus, 
Brutus secound sonne, was inhabitede, as we reide in auncient 
Yrische storeis, with gyauntes and Wylde people, without or- 
dour, ciuilitie, or maners, and spake none other language but 
Yrische, and was then called Eyryn veagg, that is to say, lit- 
tle Irland ; and the people were callit Eyrynghe, that is to say, 
Irlande men. But after the incummynge of Albanactus, he 


reducynge theame to ordour and ciuilitie, they changed the 
forsaid name^ Eyryn veagg, and callid it Albon, and their 
owne names also, and calUd theame Albonyghe; which too 
Yrische wordes, Albon, that is to say, Scotland, and Albony- 
ghe,. that is to say, Scottische men, be drywyne from Alban- 
actus, our first gonernour and kynge. Which diriuacion (and 
like your Highnes) the papistical, curside spiritualitie of Scot- 
land, will not heir in no maner of wyse, nor confesse that euer 
such a kynge, namede Albanactus, reagnede ther. The which 
dirivacion, all the Yrische men of Scotland, which be the 
anncient stoke, can not^ nor will not denye. For as Sanctus 
Oolumba, a Pict and a busshep, who in prechinge of Goddis 
worde syncerly in Eyrische, in foUowinge of the holy apostlis 
in godlie imitacion, doctryne, and pouertie, excellid then our 
proude Bomische Cardinall, and his bussheps now adaies in 
Scotlande, writtethe in his monumentis of the same, we haue 
our names of Albanactus, and so haithe Scotlande also.* But 
our said bussheps (and pleas your Grace) drywith Scotland 
and theame selfes, from a certane lady, namede Scota, which 
(as they alledge) come out of Egipte, a maraculous hot cun- 
treth, to recreatt hir self emonges theame in the cold ayre of 
Scotland, which they can not afferme be no probable auncient 
author. Now, and pleas your excellent Maiestie, the said 
people which inhabitede Scotland afoir the incummyng of the 
said Albanactus, (as I haue said), beinge valiant, stronge, 
and couragious, although they wer savage and wilde, had 
strange names, as Morwhow .1. Mordachus; Gillecallum .1. 
Malcolmus; Donyll .1. Donaldus, and so fourth. Then ther 
sonnis foUowinge theame in manheid and valiauntnes, callide 
theame selfes after this maner of wyse, leaving ther propir 
name vnexpresside, Makconyll .1. filius Donaldi; Makgille- 
callum .1. filius Malcolmi, etc®. : — and so they haue contene- 
wide vnto this daye, and neuer expressis ther propir names, 
but when they subscryue a lettir, as Donyll Mak Leode 
Lewis .1. Donaldus filius Ludouici de Levisia, etc®. The 
Yrische lordis names in the saide plotte be theis, Mak Eoyn 
whanyghe .1. filius Joannis bellicosi ; f Mak-kye .1. filius Hu- 
gonis ; Mak Leode Lewis .1. filius Ludovici de Levisia ; Mak 

* The Celtic reader will observe with interest this allasioD to writings 


t "MakEoyn Whanyghe," i,e, MacEoin Ohathanach. The person 
bearing this patronymic in 1542 was James MacConnell or Macdonald of 
Isla and Kintyre, whose grandfather was Sir John MacConnell, sumamed 
Caihanachy or warlike, a word derived from Cathy signifying in the Gaelic 
language a halUe, See note t page 23. 


Leode iie Uarr .1. filius Ludouici de Hartha insula; Mak 
Yllean .1. filius Eellani; Mak Kymmy .1. filius Kymmeci;* 
Mak Kenny .1. filius Eennici ; Mak Tossigh .1. filius Tossei ; 
Mak Allan .1. filius Allani ; Mak Neill Varray .1. filius Ni- 
gelli de Barra insula : — for Mak in Eyrische signifieth a sonne 
Likwise your Maiesties subiectis, the lordes of Irland vnto 
this tyme, that your noble Grace haithe moost royally chang- 
ede their names, and creatide theame erlis and lordis, wer 
callide Neill .1. nepos Nigelli ; O Bren .1. nepos Ber- 
nardi; Conwhir .1. nepos Conradi; a degre forthir of, 
then the Eyrische lordes in Scotland, bicaus the sonnis 
of the forsaide Neill, Bren, and Conwhir, and so of the 
rest, chancede not to be so valiaunt in manhede aud chiualre 
at the begynning as ther ffathers, but ther nephiew. Ther- 
for they wer callit O'Neill, O'Bren, O'Conwhir; omittinge 
also ther propir names, and pleas your Hignes, but when they 
subscryuede a lettir, as Ewwyn O'Neill .1. Eugenius nepos 
Nigelli; for 0' in Eyrische signifiethe a nephew. Moreouer, 
wherfor they call ws in Scotland Reddshankes, and in your 
Graces do minion of England, roghe footide Scottis, Pleas it 
your Maiestie to vnderstande, that we of all people can toUerat, 
suffir, and away best with colde, for boithe somer and wyntir, (ex- 
cepte whene the froest is mooste vehemonte,) goynge alwaies 
bair leggide and bair footide, our delite and pleasure is not one- 
ly in hwntynge of redd deir, wolfes, foxes, and graies, whereof 
we abounde, and haue greate plentie, but also in rynninge, 
leapinge, swymmynge, shootynge, and thrawinge of dartis: 
therfor, in so moche as we vse and delite so ^to go alwaies, the 
tendir delicatt gentillmen of Scotland call ws Reddshankes. 
And agayne in wynter, when the froest is mooste vehement 

* " MakKymmy," i.e, MacShimi, or Lord Lovat, Chief of the Fra- 
sers, who was so styled, patronymicaUy, by the Highlanders. It seems 
very singular that this nobleman, whose descent, as is well known and ac- 
knowledged by all the name, was not from the ancient Highland stock, 
should be here included among the Trische Lords of Scotland : and more 
particularly so, as the policy of the family of Lovat was always opposed 
to that of the western Highlanders, of which it may be a sufficient proof 
to mention, that, in 1544, Lord Lovat and his eldeist son fell in battle, with 
a large body of their clan, fighting against Eoin Muidertach, the Mdkallam, 
of Elder's list, and other Highlanders of the western clans. The Edi- 
tor has assumed that " Mak kymmy " here means Lord Lovat, because 
he is not aware of any other patronymic for which it could be taken. He 
will, however, be happy to be corrected if he is found to be in error. 
The other names in this list seem hardly to call for remark. They will 
be readily recognised as M*Leod of Lewis, M*Leod of Harris, McLean, 
M'Eenzie, Mcintosh, and McNeill of Barra. 


(as I haue saide) which we can not saffir bair footide, so weill as 
snow, whiche can neuer hurt ws whene it cummes to our gir- 
dills, we go a hwntynge, and after that we haue slayne redd 
deir, we flaye of the skyne, bey and bey, and settinge of our 
bair foote on the insyde thereof, for neide of cunnyge shoe- 
makers, by your Graces pardon, we play the swtters; com- 
pasinge and mesuringe so moche therof, as shall retche vp to 
our ancklers, pryckynge the vpper part thereof, also with holis, 
that the water may repas when it entres, and stretchide vp 
with a stronge thwange of the same, meitand aboue our saide 
ancklers, so, and pleas your noble Grace, we make our shoois : 
Therfor, we vsinge such maner of shoois, the roghe hairie syde 
outwart, in your Graces dominion of England, we be callit 
roghe footide Scottis ; which maner of schools (and pleas your 
Highnes) in Latyne be called perones, wherof the poet Virgill 
ma^is mencioun, sayinge, That the olde auncient Latyns in 
tyme of warrs vside suche maner of schoos. And althoughe 
a greate sorte of ws Reddshankes go after this maner in our 
countrethe, yeit neuer the les, and pleas your Grace, whene 
we come to the courte (the lUnges grace our great master be- 
ing alyve) waitinge on our Lordes and maisters, who also, for 
velvettis and silkis be right well araide, we haue as good gar- 
mentis as some of our fellowis whiche gyve attendaunce in the 
coart euery daye. And howbeit the babalonicall busscheps and 
the great courtyours of Scotland repute the forsoide Yrishe 
Lordes as wilde, rude, and barbarous people, brought vp (as 
they say) without lerniuge and nourtour, yeit they passe theame 
a greate deale iu faithe, honestie, in policy and witt, in good 
ordour and ciuilitie ; ffor wher the saide Yrische Lordes pro- 
mises faithe they keipe it truely, be holdinge vp of ther form- 
est fyngar, and so will they not, with ther sealis and subscrip- 
cions, the holy Euangel twichide. Therfor, and pleas your 
Highnes, like as the saide bussheps and ther adherentis repute 
ws rude and barbarous people, euen so do we esteme theame 
all, (as they be,) that is to say, ffals, flatteringe, fraude- 
lent subtile, and covetous. Your noble Grace haithe many 
good hartis emonges the forsaide Yrische Lordes of Scotland, 
bicaus they vnderstand and heire how mercifully and how 
liberally (as I haue saide) your Highnes haith orderide the 
Lordes of Ireland. Therfor I have written the said Yrische 
Lordes names of Scotlande in the said plotte, as Your Grace 
may perceaue and se; wherfor I most humbly exhort your 
excellent Maiestie, of your royall humanitie and gentilnes, 
to accepte and pardon my good will therein ; and wher I 


haae failide in my Cosmographie, in drawing and settinge 
fourthe of the same, I shaU not faille (willing God) in de- 
claringe of all thinges therein contanide, to any to whom 
your Highnes shall pleas to apoint me so to do. What plotte, 
truely (and pleas your Qrace), I haue drawene for that same 
porpas and intent, that yonr Eoyal Maiestie shall not onely 
se and perceaue the similitude and ymage of the saide realme 
of Scotland in the same, which your Highnes haithe (all am- 
biguitie set apart) a thousand tymes bettir set fourthe, then 
my sclendir capacitie and witt is able to expres and declair 
heir : but also, yf thar be any thing in the saide plotte con- 
ceminge the land, wherein your Maiestie doubtis, and woll 
haue the treuthe of the same schawene and notifiede to your 
excellent Grace, that I (yf your royall Maiestie pleas to ac- 
cepte and allowe my good will therin) roaye declair the same 
(as I haue said), so farr, by the helpe of God, as my know- 
ledge and vnderstandinge will vttir and serue ; wheron I shalbe 
alwayes, and pleas your noble Grace, redy with hart and hand 
to wait and gyue attendance. For suerly (moost humbly be- 
sechinge your Highnes heir of pardon) yf my dreade Soue- 
raigne Lorde and Einge, my liege Lorde, naturall and supe- 
riour, Kinge James the Fyfte, laite Kinge of Scotlande, and 
your Maiesties nephew, wer alyve, whom soden deathe (al- 
lace,) haithe ravissede from ws for euermore; or yf he hade 
lefte ws a Prynce lawfully begotten of his body, to whom, af- 
ter his decese, our joye and comforte, our hope and felicitie, 
shulde haue bene affixt, I wolde in no manner of wise presume 
to shaw and declair the privities of Scotlande to no Prynce 
Christen. Therefor, in so moche &s our saide noble Prynce 
(whom the Hewingly Kinge, I praye God the Father, supe- 
rior ouer all, mercifully receaue in his celestiall throne,) haithe 
lefte ws (the Lorde be thankede) as chaunce is, a Fr3rnces, 
whom your excellent Maiestie moost godly desyres for to be 
mariede with noble Prynce Edwarde, your Graces lawfuU be- 
gotten Sonne and heare of the empyre of England ; by reason 
wherof, hypocrisy and supersticioun abolissede, and the Frence 
Einge cleane pluckt out of our harbis, England and Scotland, 
and the posteritie of boith, may line for euer in peax, love, 
and emitie ; which godly porpas and desire beinge contrariede 
by a sortie of Papist preistis, according to their accustomed 
falshede and disceite, which allurede not only our noble Prince 
in his daies from our Maiestie, whom his Grace vndoubtedly 
loude aboue all Pryncis mortall, in his hart ; and hath provide 
so, yf the said traiterous had not bene allwaies roundinge in 


his Graces eyris, which, as often as his Highnes proposede a 
metinge with your Maiestie, seduced and blindide him with 
their boxis ; as often as he intendide to repair to your Grace, 
causide invasions and roddis ; and as often as he wolde speke 
of your Highnes, allectide him with armonie, fables, and songs : 
but also now, by ther presumption, intendeth to drounde all 
Scotland in bloude, I can no less do, by Goddis law, mannis 
law, and all humanitie, then invent, declair, ezpres, notifie, 
labour, and stadie for that thing vnto your excellent Maiestie, 
(whom all honest stomakes in Scotland, presumpcion and ar- 
rogancy set asyde, shulde, with all ther hartis, loue for our 
noble Pryncis sak) which myght bringe the forsaid traiterous 
preistis of Scotland, if it wer possible, to mischeif and vttir 
ruyne : flfor ther is no people, and pleas your Grace, in no re- 
gion in Europe, so perturbed, so molestide, so vexide, and so 
vtterly opprest with bussheps, monckes, Rome-rykers, and 
preistis, and ener haue bene, a cardinal, a carlis-birde, a com- 
mon-cluner, and a hen-kyller, sometymes in France, now 
beinge ther capitane, as they which inhabite the realme of 
Scotland ; and so shall contenewe without your Highnes, (who 
haith moost iuste cans and quarell, euery thinge considerit 
syns the reagne of your Maiesties nephew, vnto this daye, to 
invade theame) by the help and assistance of God, hwnt, 
drywe, and smoyke the forsaide fals papisticall foxis, with all 
ther partakers, out of ther cavis, with bowis, billis, fyre, and 
swerde. At the which hwntyinge, wold God that I and 
euerye haire in my head (I meane faithfully, without any dis- 
simulacion, I take God to recorde) wer a man with your 
noble Grace, havinge, as poetis feane, if it wer possible Her- 
cules strength and fortitude to owerthraw and wressell with 
the saide Cardinall and his chaplans; Hectours manhede and 
chiualrie to fyght withe the fals, wylde, craftie boris, whiche 
have plaide bo peip withe bothe haundes ; and, finally, Achil- 
les subtiltie and witt, to invent gymis and traps for the fals 
bussheps of Scotland, and all ther adherentis. 

I keipe your Highnes to longe with my barbourous and 
rude talke, wherfor, moost noble Prynce (pardon cravide) I 
will make an end, mooste humbly exhortinge your excellent 
Maiestie to pardon and accepte the foresaide plotte in gre, and 
not to regarde the rudenes therof, but rather the faithefulnes 
of me, your Maiesties poore oratour ; and for so moch as I 
know myself vnmerite to do any bodely seruice condigne to so 
noble and excellent a Prynce ; yeit, at the least, I shall gyve 
unto your excellent Maiestie the thing which, as well the 


feble as the stronge may gyve, that is say, hartie prayers to 
Almyghtie Qod for the longe perseruacion of so merciful!, so 
faithefull, and so gentill a Kinge, to the settinge fourthe of 
his wordes, to the comforte and joye of all thoise which loue 
your Highnes, and to the destruction and vttir ruyne of our 
high presumptuous Scottis Cardinally his bussheps, and ther 
partakers, and death of all the pryde and popery. Amen.* 


Sof^ ^Wj i^^/i 

No. V. 

GORS,t ^565. 

The QuENis Majestie vnderstanding that Patrick Down- 
KANESOUN, James M'Gregour, Malcallum croy M*Gregour, 
Pitteny, Johne Cam M*Condoquhy M'Gregour in Fortingall, 
Malcum M'Gregour in Drumquharrycht, Patrik Johnsoun 
M'Gregour in Glenleidnocht, Patrik his broder, Johne 
M*Condoquhy V*Gregour thair, Johne Duncanesoun, his 
broder, and Neill M'Ane Wallycht in Tullychcannaii, ar un- 
der souerteis, actit in the buikis of secrete counsell and Adi- 

* There can be very little doubt that it was owing to this communica- 
tion that the intrigues of the English government with the Hebrideans, 
which form so prominent a feature of the history of Scotland from 1643 
to 1546, were undertaken. Several documents of importance connected 
with these intrigues will be given in the next part of the Collectanea. 

t From the original warrant, in the records of the Court of Justiciary. 
This is a very remarkable document. The Editor has never hitherto met 
with another instance of private revenge, by force of arms, being so 
openly countenanced by the Royal authority. 


oumale for keping of gude reule, and entering agane in 
certane wardis, as thai sal be requirit ; as the actis maid thair- 
upoun at lehth beris : And now, laitlie, vmquhile Grbgoue 
Denbsotjn,* in Stwix, ane peciabill trew man quha, with the 
personis abonewrittin, wes under souertie, is cruellie murthurit 
be certane rebellis, for persequutioun of quhome nane ar mair 
mete nor the abone namyt personis, hauing thair neir kynsman 
slane, quhilkis dar nocht put on armes and persew the tresson- 
abill murthuraris of the said umquhile Gregor, be reasoun 
of thair souerteis standand undischargeit ; and thairfoir the 
Quenis Majestie ordanis the justice clerk and his deputis^ and 
the secretar and his deputis, keiparis of the buikis of adjoumale 
and secreit counsale, to deleit and put f urth all actis furth of the 
saidis buikis, or ather of thame, be the quhilkis the foirsaidis 
personis, or thair souerteis, are in ony wyiss restrictit ; for hir 
hienes having sa gude experience of their gude behaviour the 
tyme, thinkis nocht expedient to retene Uiame langer under 
the band of cautioun ; kepand thir presentis for thair warrand 
(June 1565.) 

Mabie, B. 

No. VI. 


At Inverness, 20ih Jwie, 1669. 

The quhile day, in presens of my Lord Begentis Grace 
and Lordis of secreit counsall, compeirit Lauchlane M*Yn- 
tosche of Dunnauchtane, and gaif in this obligatioun following 
subscriuit with his hand, to be insertit in the buikis of secreit 
counsale, ad perpetuam rei memoriam ; of the quhilk the ten- 
nour foUowis: — I Lauchlane Macktntoschb op Dun- 
nauchtane, be the tenour heirof, bindis and oblissis me and 
my airis, that I sail mak securitie to Bannald M'Bannald 
op Keppach, of sic landis and rowmes as he hes of me, at the 

* So called from his father, James Macgregor, Dean of Lismore' or 

+ Begistrwm Secreti GoncUiif vol. from June 1567 to Dec. 1569 fo. 
129. This is one of the earliest documents the editor has seen con- 
nected with the disputes between the families of Macintosh and Keppoch. 



sicht of my Lord Regentis Grace,* according as his Grace 
sail think ressonabill and eqnitabill ; and quhatevir his Grace 
Willis me to do in that behalf, I sail fulfill the samyn without 
contradictioun. In witness heirof, I haif subscriwit this my 
obligatioun with my hand, at Inverness, the xx day of June, 
the yeir of God 1569. 

No. VII. 


At Dalkeith, lOtk Mmchy 1575. 

Anent oure sourane lordis lettres rasit at the instance of Do- 
nald M' Angus of Glengary, makand mentioun, that quhair 
it is nocht unknawin to my lord Eegentis Grace and loixlis of 
secreit counsall, that in all tymes bigane the use and consue- 
tude hes bene, that the induellaris of the Hieland hes brocht. 
and convoyit tymmer to the burrowis nixt adjacent to the re- 
varis, watteris, and lochis havand their course to the same, as 
may be sene be Sanct Johnnestoun, Invernes, and divers 
utheris burrowis quhair the lyke access is had with tymmer 
fra the Hielandis; and albeit the same tendis bayth to the 
commoditie of the saidis burrowis, and all utheris, our sove- 
rane lordis liegis, neuirtheles Hew Lord Fraser of Loyett, 
upoun unjust occasioun, hes laitlie stoppit and maid impedi- 
ment to the said Donald M' Angus, his freindis kin and com- 
monis of his landis, to bring and cary wod and tymmer doun 
in bottis to the burgh of Inverness, throw the water of Loch- 
nes, upoun aither syde quhairof his landis lyis, quhairby the 
cominoun weill of the countrie and burgh foirsaid is hurt and 
disadvantageit, &c. [The cause being called, and Lovat 
failing to appear, an act of council was passed, prohibiting him 
from molesting or impeding the Glengarry men in their tim- 
ber trade with the burgh of Inverness.] 

* James, Earl of Moray. 

t Begistrum Secreti ConcUiiy vol. from 1675 to 1577, fo. 8. 


No. VIII. 


Landislordis and Baillies. 

The Duke of Lennox.^ 
The Laird of Buchanane.^ 
The Lakd of M'Farlane of the Arroquhar.^ 
The Laird of Luss.* 
The Laird of M*Cawla of Ardincaple.* 
The Laird of Marchinstoun.^ 
The Laird of Glennegyis.^ 
The Erie of Glencame.8 
The Laird of DnimquhassilL^ 
The Laird of Kilcreuch.i« 
The Tutour of Menteith.^i 
The Laird of KnockhilU^ 
Hary Schaw of Cambusmoir. 
The Laird of Kippanross.^^ 
The Laird of Burley.^* 
The Laird of Keir.i^ 
The Master of Levingstoun.^^ 
The Lord of Down.^^ 
The Lord Drummond.^® 
The Laird of Tullibardin.i» 
The Laird of Glenorquhy.^® 
The Laird of Lawaris.^^ 
The Laird of Weyme.22 

* This and the following Boll of Clans are appended to a long and 
important act of Parliament regarding the police of the country, entitled, 
" For the quieting and keeping in obedience of the disordourit subjectis 
inhabitantis of the Bordouris, Hielandis, and His," but commonly called, 
from one of its most important provisions, "The Gbnbral Band," or 
Bond. As this act of Parliament is very frequently referred to in docu- 
ments connected with the Highlands, the curious reader is referred to the 
latest edition of the acts of the Scottish Parliament (edited by Thomas 
Thomson, Esq.) vol. iii. pp. 461 to 467, where it is printed entire. At 
a future period, an abstract of the provisions of this act will be given in 
these Collectanea. 

For the sake of convenience, the illustrative notes to these Bolls, and 
to that contained in No. IX. of this series, will be given at the end of 
the last-mentioned Boll, and will be easily found by attending to the nu- 
meral references. 


The Abbot of Inchaflray.^^ 

Coline Campbell of Ardbeich.^ 

The Laird of Glenlyoun.^ 

The Erie of Athoill.2« 

The Laird of GrantuUie.^^ 

The Laird of Strowane-Robertsone.^^ 

The Laird of Strowane-Murray.^® 

The Laird of Wester Wemyss.^® 

The Laird of Abbotishall^i 

The Laird of Teling.^^ 

The Laird of Inchmartine.^ 

The Laird of Purie-Fothringhame.^* 

The Laird of MoncreiflF.^ 

The Laird of Balleachane.^ 

The Barroun of Fandowie.^^ 

The Erie of Erroll.3« 

The Erie of Gowry.^^ 

The Laird of Cultybragane.*® 

The Lord Ogilvy.« 

The Laird of Clovay.*^ 

The Laird of Fintray.*^ 

The Laird of EdyelL** 

The Erie of Mar.*^ 

The Master of Elphingstoun.*^ 

The Erie Huntlie.*^ 

The Master of Forbes.^ 

The Laird of Grant.*^ 


The Lord and Tutour of Lovate." 

Cheisholme of Oummer.^^ 

The Larde of Glengarry.^^ 


The Laird of Fowlis.^ 

The Laird of Balnagown.^ 

The Tutour of Cromartie.^^ 

The Erie of Suthirland^^ 

The Laird of Dufifus.^* 

James Innes of Touchis.^ 

The Erie of Caithnes.«i 

The Erie Merschall.«2 

The Lord 01iphant.«» 

The Laird of Boquhowy.®* 

The Laird of Dunnibeyth.®^ 

Macky of Far.®® 


Torquill M*Cloyd of CogoycL«^ 

The Laurd of Garloch .« 

Makgillichallum of Raarsay.^ 

Myeloid of the Harrich J« 

M'Kynnoun of StrathodellJ^ 

M*Cleud of the LewesP 

M'Neill of BarrayJ* 

M'Kane of Ardnamurchin.^* 

Allane M'Kane of Ilandterum. 

The Laird of Knoydert^^ 

M'Qane of DowartJ® 

The Lard of Ardgowir J'^ 

Johnne Stewart of the Appin. 

M'CouU of LomeJ8 

M'CouU of RorayJ® 

The Laird of Lochynnell.^ 

The Laird of Caddell.«i 

The Laird of Skermourlie, for Rauchry.®^ 

M'Condoquhy of Innerraw.^ 

Angus M*Coneill of Dunyveg and Glennis. 

The Laird of Lowip.®* 

The Schiref of Bute.®^ 

The Laird of Camys.®® 

Erie of Ergile.«^ 

Laird of Auchinbrek.®* 

The Laird of Ardkinglass.®* 



The Laird of Lawmont.*^ 

The Laird of Perbrak.*^ 

The Laird of Duntrune.** 

Constable of Dundy, Laird of Glastry.*^ 

The Laird of Elanegreg.^ 

The Laird of Otter J^ 

The Laird of ColL»« 

Makclayne of Lochbuy.** 

M'Fee of CoUowsay.^^ 

The Lord Hamiltoun.i^i 

The Roll of the Clannis [in the Hielandis and lies] 
that hea Capita/nes, Cheiffis, and Ghiftanea quhome on 
thay depend, oft tymea aganis the wUZis of thavr 
Landia-lordia : and of svmi apeciale peraonis of 
bran^ihia of the aaidia dannia, 1587. 


M'Ferlanis, Arroquhar. 


Grahmes of Menteth. 
Stewartis of Buchquhidder. 
Campbellis of Lochnell. 
Campbellis of Innerraw. 
Clandowill of Lome. 
Stewartis of Lome, or of Appin. 
Clane M*Kane of Avricht.^^^ 

Stewartis of Athoill, and pairtis adiacent. 

Clandonoquhy in Athoill, and partis adiacent. 

Menyessis, in Athoill and ApnaduU. 

Clan M*Thomas in Glensche. 



Makintoscheis, in AthoilL 


Clanrannald, in Lochquhaber.^^ 

Clanrannald of Knoydert, Modert, and Glengaray. 

Clanlewid of the Lewis. 

Clanlewyd of Harray. 



Clan Ieane.i«* 







Murrayis, in Suthirland. 

No. IX. 


ISLES,* 1594. 

OuBE SOVEBANE LoBD and his estaitis in this present Parlia- 
ment, considering that, nochtwithstanding the sindrie actis 

* From an act of Parliament, " For punishment of thift, reifP, oppres- 
sioun, and soirning.*' — Vol. iv. p. 71. 


maid be his Hienes, and his maist nobill progenitouris, for 
punischement of the authoris of thift, reiff, oppressioun, and 
soming, and masteris and sustenaris of thevis ; jdt sic hes bene, 
and presentlie is, the barbarous cruelties and daylie heirschip- 
pis of the wickit thevis and lymmaris of the clannis and sure- 
names following, inhabiting the Hielandis and lies; Thay ar 
to say : — 









Clanronald, in Loehaber. 

Clanranald, in Knoydert, Modert, and Glengarie. 

Clanleyid of the Lewis. 

Clanlewid of Harriche. 

Clandonald, south and north.^^^ 










And als many brokin men of the surnames of — 
Stewartis, in Athoill, Lome, and Balquhedder. 
Qrahames, in Menteith. 

Mlntoscheis, in AthoilL 
M*Thomas, in Glensche. 
Ferquharsonis, in Bra of Mar. 






And utheris inhabiting the Schirefdomes of Ergyle, Bute, 
Dunbartane, Striviling, Perth, Forfar, Aberdene, Bamf, El- 
gin, Forres, Name, Inuernes, and Cromertie, Stewartries of 
Stratherne and Menteith,* &c. 



^ LudoYick, second Duke of Lennox ; whose father, Esme, Lord of Au- 
bigny in France, (son of John, Lord of Aubigny, third son of John third 
Earl of Lennox, of the Stewarts), was created by King James YI. Earl of 
Lennox, 5th March 1579-80, and Duke of Lennox, 5th August 158L 

' Sir George Buchanan of that ilk, second of that name, and, according 
to Auchmar, nineteenth Laird of Buchanan. The lands of this ancient 
family lay chiefly in the Highland districts of Menteith and Lennox, in the 
vicinity of Loch Lomond and Loch Katrine, and are now possessed by the 
Duke of Montrose. 

3 Andrew Macfarlane of that ilk, chief of his ancient clan, descended, in 
the male line, from (Hlchridy a younger son of Alwyn, second Earl of 
Lennox, of the old family. 

* Humphrey Oolquhoun of Luss. 

^ Awlay, afterwards Sir Awlay Macawlay of Ardincapill, one of the 
principal vassals of the Duke of Lennox. 

^ Sir Archibald Napier of Merchistoun and Edinbellie, father of John 
Napier of Merchistoun, the celebrated inventor of the Logarithms. He 
possessed considerable lands in the earldoms of Menteith and Lennox, and 
likewise at Ardownane (or Ardeonaig,) on the south side of Loch Tay, in 
virtue of his descent from Elizabeth, daughter of Murdac de Menteth, and 
sister and one of the co-heiresses of Patrick de Menteth of Rusky. 

^ John Haldane of Glenageis (now called Gleneagles), descended from 
Agnes, the other co-heiress of the above-mentioned Patrick Menteth of 
Busky, through whom he possessed considerable lands in the districts of the 
Highlands, mentioned in the preceding note. 

^ James, seventh Earl of Glencairn. — The editor has not yet discovered 
what possessions this nobleman had in the Highlands. Perhaps he is only 
brought in here as answerable for his relation, Drumquhassill. — (See next 
note,) — Glencairn was, moreover, connected with the Highlands by mar- 
riage, his first wife being eldest daughter (by the second marriage) of Sir 
Colin Campbell, sixth laird of Glenurchy. 

* The details of this act, which is very long, and refers, like the act 
1587, to the broken or disorderly Clans in the Borders as well as the 
Highlands, will be found as above in the printed Acts, vol. iv. pp. 71 to 
73. An abstract of it, as well as of the Act 1587, will be given in these 
Collectanea, at a future period. 


^ John Oaxminghani of DramquhasBill was served heir to his father, John 
C. of D., in the £6 lands, old extent, of Portnellan, Gkdbraith, and Tollochan, 
with the Islands of Loch Lomond, adjacent to the same, in the Dukedom of 
Lennox, 1613. — Special BeUmrs, Co, Dunha/rton, No, 15.) — This ancient 
family descended from Ar^drew Cunninghame, said to have been a younger 
)3on of Sir Robert Cunningham of Eilmaurs, and to have lived in the reign 
of David IL 

^^ James Galbraith of Eilcreuch, in the Lennox, is mentioned 1584-5, 
and Robert Galbraith was laird of Eilcreuch armo 1593. — Begistrum 8e- 
ereti ConcUii, 

^^ George Graham, TutdT or Guardian to John, sixth earl of Menteitb, 
of the Grahams. — Registrum Secreti ConcUi4,, 1584-5. 

^ James Shaw of Knockhill, in Menteitb, is mentioned in 1584-5, Beg, 
Sec, Con,; and William Shaw of Knockhill in 1599. — Compota Thesaur- 
arii Scotice, 

** Stirling of Kippanross. 

^^ Sir Michael Balfour of Burleigh, who was superior, if not proprietor, 
at this time of the lands of Mochaster, &c., in Menteitb. 

^* Sir James Stirling of Keir. 

^* Alexander, afterwards seventh Lord Livingston. This family pos- 
sessed the lands of Callander and Corriechrombie in Menteitb, with other 
lands in the Highlands of Perthshire. 

^^ James Stewart, first Lord Doune, father of the " bonny Earl of Mo- 

^^ Patrick, third Lord Drummond. 

^^ Sir John Murray of TulUbardin, in Stratheam. This baron also pos- 
sessed lands in Balquhidder. 

^ Duncan, afterwards Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy, seventh 
laird — one of the most potent of the Highland barons. 

^ John, afterwards Sir John, Campbell of Lawers, (whose ancestor was 
a cadet of the family of Glenurchy). He possessed considerable lands both 
in Breadalbane ana Strathem. 

^ James Menzies of that ilk, or of Weyme, proprietor of extensive lands 
in Breadalbane, Strathtay, and Rannoch. 

^ James Drummond, Commendator of Inchafiray, and laird of Inner- 
peffiry, possessor also of lands in Balquidder. He was brother of Patrick 
Lord Drummond, and was created, in 1609, Lord Maderty. His grand- 
son, William, fourth Lord Maderty, was created Viscount Strathallan in 

^ Brother to Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy. His lands lay in the 
vicinity of Locheamhead. 

*» dolin Campbell of Glenlyon, descended from the house of Glenurchy. 

^ John, fifth Earl of AthoU, of the Innermeath line. 

^ Sir Thomas Stewart of Grandtully, descended likewise from the house 
of Innermeath, proprietor of many lands in Strathtay. 

^ Donald Robertson of Strowan, in Athole. 

^ John Murray of Strowan, in Stratheam. His daughter was married 
after this period to Eoin dubh Macgregor (afterwards kuled at Glenfrune, 
in 1603), brother to Allaster Ma(^egor of Glenstray, chief of the Clan 

30 » The editor is unable at present to say who these individuals were, 
or what was their interest in the Highlands. There were two families in 
Fife, Wemyse of Wester Wem/yss, and Scott of AhhotehaU^ the heads of which 
are probably meant here. 

J «> Alexander 

( \jj<'^^ Cultebragaii, is 

r, ^ James, six 


^ Sir David Maxwell of Teling, in Forfarshire. He may have possessed 
lands in the Brae of Angas. 

^ Patrick Ogilvie of Sichmartine ; proprietor of lands in the south-east- 
ern Highlands of Perthshire. 

^ Thomas Fothringham of Powrie, also a proprietor in the Biae of An- 

^ William Moncrieff of that ilk, proprietor of the lands of Culdares and 
Tenaiffis in Breadalbane, which he afterwards sold to Sir Duncan Camp- 
bell of Glenurchy. These lands had been possessed by the family of Mon- 
crieff for several centuries. 

^ Sir James Stewart of Ballechin, in Athole, descended from a natural 
son of King James IL The family was formerly styled of Stuiks, 

^ John Macduff, alias Ferguson, Baron of Fandowie, in Athole, was 
executed for his accession to Gowrie's Conspiracy, 1600. 

^ Francis, eighth Earl of Errol. This nobleman possessed Logyalmond, 
part of Inchmaitine, and other lands on or near the Highland line. 

^ James Ruthven, second Earl of Growrie, and fifth Lord Buthven. He 
possessed lands in Strathardill and Strathbrane, in the south-eastern High- 

^ lands of Perthshire. He died in 1588, in his fourteenth year. 

^^ ^ Alexander Reidheuch of Cultbragan. His lands lay in and uear 

in the earldom of Strathem. Edward Reidheuch, fiar of 
frequently mentioned in the records at this period. 
<. v<uix%:=o, sixth Lord Ogilvy of Airly. This nobleman had large pos- 

U sessions in Glen-Isla and other parts of the Brae of Angus. 

** Alexander Ogilvy of Clova was alive in 1657. James Ogilvy was 
served heir to James Ogilvy of Clova, his father, in the lands of Clova, 
&c. 1623. The lands of this family lay principally in the Brae of Angus. 

*3 Sir David Graham of Fintry, Knight, a considerable proprietor in 
Forfarshire, was alive 1577. This family descended, it is said, from a 
younger son of the Grahams of Kincardine, afterwards Earls of Montrose. 

^ Sir David Lindsay of Edyell, proprietor of Glenesk, and other lands 
in the Highlands of Forfarshire. 

^ John Erskine, seventh Earl of Mar, proprietor of Braemar, &c. 

^ Alexander, afterwards fourth Lord Elphinstone. This noble family 
seem to have possessed Corgarff, in Banffshire, Eildrummy, &c^ &c. 

^^ Greorge, sixth Earl, and afterwards first Marquis of Huntly, Lord of 
Badenoch and Lochaber. 

^ John, aftervrards eighth Lord Forbes. This family possessed large 
Highland estates near the sources of the river Don, in Aberdeenshire. 

*^ John Grant of Freuchy. 
^ Lauchlan Macintosh of Dunauchton, Captain of the Clanchattan. 

^^ Simon, eighth Lord Lovat, and Thomas Fraser of Knockie and Stri- 
chen, his uncle and guardian. 

^^ Alexander Chisholm of Strathglass was alive anno 1578. John 
Chisholm of Comer is mentioned a/nno 1613. 

^ Donald Macangus [Macranald] of Glengarry proprietor also in right 
of his grandmother (Margaret, sister and co-heiress of Sir Donald de In- 
sulis of Lochalsh) of the half of the lands of Lochalsh, Lochcarron, and 
Lochbroom, in Ross-shire. 

^ Colin Mackenzie of Eintail, whose grandfather had acquired from 
Dingwall of Kildun, half of the lands of Lochalsh, Lochcarron, and Loch- 
broom, which Dingwall inherited from his mother Janet, the other co- 
heiress of Sir Donald of Lochalsh. 



^ Robert Munro of Fowlis, said to have been the 15th Baron of that 
ancient house. 

^ Alexander Ross of Balnagown, descended in a direct line from Hugh 
Ross of Rarichies, second son of Hugh, the sixth Earl of Ross, of the (3d 

^^ John Urquhart of Graigfintry and Culbo, guardian to his grand- 

phew Thomas, afterwards Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty. 

^ Alexander, eleventh Earl of Sutherland. 

^ Alexander Sutherland of Duffus was alive in 1555. William Suther- 
land of Duffus, probably his son, is mentioned in 1605. 

^ The editor nas not yet ascertained what lands in the Highlands this 
individual possessed. 

^^ George Sinclair, fifth Earl of Caithness. 

^ George, fifth Earl Marischall. 

^ Lawrence, fourth Lord Oliphant. He possessed, among other lands, 
Berrydale in Caithness, on account of which he appears to 1^ included in 
this Roll. 

^ Patrick Mowat of Boquhally, a considerable proprietor in Caithness, 
is mentioned in 1564. Magnus Mowat of Boquhally is mentioned in 

^ William Sinclair of Dunbeath, in Caithness. 

^ Hugh Mackay of Far, father of Donald, first Lord Reay. 

^ Torquil Macleod was the eldest son of Rioderick Macleod of the Lewis, 
by that Baron's second marriage with a daughter of Mackenzie of Kintaill. 
During his father's lifetime, he held the estate of Cogeache, and was know 
by that title ; but on his father's death, he claimed the estates and style of 
Macleod of Lewis, his title to which was disputed. 

^ John Mackenzie of Ckirloch. 

^ Malcolm Macleod, or Ma(^illechallum of Rasay, nearest heir male at 
this time of the Macleods of Lewis, after the descendajits of the body of 
Roderick Macleod of Lewis. 

^^ William Macleod of Harris, Dunvegan, and Glenelg, chief of the 
Sid Tormmd. 

^^ Lauchlan Mackinnou of Strathwardill in Skye, and of Mishnish in 
MuU, chief of his ancient tribe. 

^^ Roderick Macleod of the Lewis, Cogeache and Assint, chief of the 8iol 

73 Roderick Macneill of Barray. 

7^ John Maccoi n, or Macian, of Ardnamurchan, chief of an ancient tribe 
sprung frommelamily of the Isles. 

7^ Alexander Macranald of Enoydert, chieftain of his tribe, an ancient 
branch of the Clanranald. 

^^ Lauchlan, afterwards Sir Lauchlan Maclean of Do wart, a brave and 
gallant soldier, as he proved himself by his conduct at Glenlivat, in 1594. 

^ Ewin Maclean of Ardgour, representative of an ancient branch of the 
family of Dowart. 

7^ Dougal Macdou^l of Dunolly. 

^ Allan Macdougsd of Raray. 

^ Archibald Campbell, second Laird of Lochnell, killed at the battle of 
Glenlivat, 1594. 

^^ John Campbell of Calder or Cadder, frequently written Caddell. 

^^ Sir Robert Montgomery of Skelmorlie, who seems, at this time, to 
have possessed the wdsSJl island of Rachry, or Rachrin, lying near the coast 
of Antrim. 


^ Dougal Maooonachy (Campbell) of Inveraw, head of an ancient sept 
of the Campbells. 

^ Alexander Macallaster of Loupe, in Eintyre. 

^ John Stewart) Sheriff of Bute. 

^ Hector Bannatyne of Eames, in Bute. 

^ Archibald, seventh Earl of Argyle, then a minor. His principal 
guardian was John Campbell of Calder. 

^ Duncan Campbell of Auchinbreck. 

^ Sir James Campbell of Ardkinlass. 

^ Malcolm Macnauchtane of Dundaraw. 

^ Archibald Madauchlan of Stralauchlan, or of that ilk. 

^ James Lament of Inveryne, or of that Uk. 

^ Colin Campbell of Barbrek. 

^ John Campbell of Duntrune. 

^ James, afterwards Sir James, Scrymgeour of Dudope, constable of 
Dundee, and proprietor of the barony of Gksry in Argyleahire, which had 
been in the possession of this family for many generations. 

96 Campbell of Elangreg. 

^ Archibald Campbell younger of Otter is mentioned in 1580. 

* Hector Maclean of Coll. 

^ John Maclean of Lochbuy. 

^^ Murdoch Macfee of Colonsay. 

^^^ Lord John Hamilton, afterwards Marquis of Hamilton. He is brought 
in here as proprietor of the Isle of Arran. 

^^ The Clan Eoin, or Macdonalds of Glenco, whose chief was patrony- 
mically styled " Mac Eoin Abra>chJ* 

103 rjf^Q Macdonalds in the Braes of Lochaber, commonly called the 
Macdonalds of Eeppoch. 

104 The Clan Eoin of Ardnamurchan. 

106 ;Fhe Rosses, of whom Balnagowan was the chief. 
106 ^Q undesirable precedence seems to be assigned to the Clan Gregor 
^ \ in this Boll. 

\ ] ^07 jt YTill be observed that the Clanchattan and Macphersons are dis- 
C ' tinguished from each other in this Boll. 

^. . 108 xt is doubtful, at present, what tribe is indicated by " Clan ChewUV^J^ 
\ Its locality seems to have been somewhere in Badenoch or Lochaber. 

100 The Clandonald South were the Clan Eoin-mhor of Isla and Eintyre. 
The Clandonald North were the Clan Huistein of Sky and North Uist 

110 Clan Eoin of Ardnamurchan, probably. 

111 The Mackays of Strathnaver. 

112 A sept of the Mackays, descended from one Paul Macneill Mackay. 

113 ^^ M^Nabrichis,^ a contraction probably for "Jlfac JSoinahricfmf^ 
the Glenco Macdonalds. 

"* See Note 107. 

^^^ '' N^SQiiiisJ* the editor conjectures to mean another sept of the Mac- 
kays, calledby Sir Robert Gordon 8eUl NeiU, 


*>■ f*. 


No. X. 

LAND* 1602. 

At Holyroodhou8ey 31«t Jem, 1602. 

FoBSAMEELB as the Kingis Majesteis darrest sister the Quene 
OF England, hauing lovinglie intreated his Maiestie for the 
supply and levy of some Hielandmen, for the bettir repressing 
of the tressonabill rebellioun intertenit aganis hir within the 
contrey of Irland, and assisted be a nowmer of strangearis 
quha intendis to mak a eonqueist of that land ; -|* his Majestie, 
alsweill in regaird of the freindschip and amitie standing be- 
twiz his Majestie and his said darrest sister, as of his awin in- 
terest, richt, and appeirance } to that land, he volontarilie and 
willinglie condiscendit to the said supplie, and hes layed the 
hording of the levying of thir men upoun sic of his Majesteis 
subjectis within the Hielandis as ar of maist power to fumeis 
thame, viz. upoan the Duke of Lennox tua hnndreth men, 
the Erie of Ergyle and Laird of Glenurquhy thrie hundreth 
men, the Erie of Athoill one hundreth men, the Laird of 
M'Qregour fyftie men, the Abbott of Inchaffray, Lairdis of 
Lundy and Tullibairdin for Menteith and Stratherne fyftie 
men, the Marques of Huntley ane hundreth men, Mackin- 
tosche ane hundreth men, the Laird of Orant ane hundreth 
men, the Laird of Balnagowne ane hundreth men, the Lord 
Lovate and Laird of Foulis ane hundreth men, the Erie of 
Caithness ane hundreth men, the Erie of Suthirland and 
M'Ky ane hundreth men. Glengarry ane hundreth men, the 
Capitane of Clanrannald tua hundreth men, M'ConiU duy§ 
and M'Kannald || ane hundreth men, M'Kenzie ane hundreth 

* Eegistrum Secreti ConcUify Ada, 

t The Lord Deputy Moontjoy was about this time waging war in Mon- 
ster, with a large force of Irish rebels, under Tyrone and O'Donnell ; who 
were assisted by a body of Spanish auxiliaries, under Don Juan D'Agnila, 
a brave and experienced soldier. The Spaniards had possessed themselves of 
the town of Einsale, where thef were besieged by Mountjoy, whose rear was 
threatened by Tyrone and (yDonnell, who had adyan<^ from Ulster on 
hearing of the landing of the Spanianis. It seems doubtful whether this 
Highltmd levy was actually made, or if made, whether the troops ever left 
Scotland to join the Lord Deputy, the war being concluded yery soon after 
this time, by the discomfiture of the Irish, and the return of the Spaniards 
to their own country. 

t The King's interest, as heir apparent to Queen Elizabeth, is here meant. 

§ Allan Cameron of Lochiel. 

II Allaster Macranald, or Macdonald, of Keppocb, who is frequently 
styled in the records " Laird of Macranald.'' 


men : And, thairfoir, his Majestie gevis power and commis- 
sioun, be thir presentis, to the personis abone-specifeit, and 
euerie ane of thame, to levey and lift the particular nowmeris 
abone-specifeit layed upoun euerie ane of thame, and to ap- 
point and name capitanes and commanderis to thame, and to 
caus stryke drymmis, and to use sic utheris instruraentis as ar 
accustumat to be usit, in thay boundis and cuntreyis,-f- for levy- 
ing and takeing up of men ; and in cais ony within thair boundis 
and cuntreyis refuisses to be lifted and to entir in this service, 
with power to the personis respective abonewritten to preiss 
thame conforme to the ordour ; and, being ance enrolled, to force 
and compell thame to conforme thameselffis to the ordour to be 
prescryuit and sett down to thame : t And to the effect that 
nane of the personis quha sal be employit upoun this service 
tak occasioun to absent thameselffis^ upoun feir to be persewit 
and challeiigit upoun ony of thair bygane misdeldis. his Ma- 
iestie, with anise of his counsall, declairis be thir presentis, 
that thay sal nocht be' callit, chargit, troublit, nor persewit for 
ony thair bigane attemptis quhatsumevir, and that na sic thing 
sal be layed to thair charge, but that this act sal be a sufficient 
warrand to thame during the haill tyme of thair being in this 
service, and for the space of thaireftir. 

No. XI. 


HIGHLANDS,§ 1602. 

At HolyroodhotLse^ Zlst January, 1602. 
FoRSAMEELE as albeit the Kingis Majestie and his predices- 
souris of guid memorie, be divers actis of Parliament statute 
and ordanit that WAPPONSHAWINOS sould be maid over all the 
pairtis of this realme twyce in the yeir, and that all his Hienes 
subj^ctis sould be armit in forme and maner prescryvit in the 
saidis actis : Notwithstanding, as his Majestie is informit, the 
saidis actis hes at na tyme ressavit executioun in the Hieland 
pairtis of this realme, bot hes bene altogidder neglectit and 

+ An evident allusion to the Bagpipe. 

:|: This compulsory mode of recruiting was by no means uncommon in 
Scotland, in the reigns of James YI. and his successor. 

§ Begistrwm Secreti ConcUii, Acta. This curious act is obviously con- 
nected with the preceding. It forms a strange contrast with the numerous 
pa^yific acts in James' reign against " the beiring and wearing of hagbutts 
and pistollettis," &c. and the severe penalties inflicted on the contraveners 
of these statutes. 


misregairdit, quhairthrow the inhabitantis thairof ar nowther 
provydit nor furnisbt with armour conforme to the tennonr of 
the saidis actis, nor yit are thay trayned up and exercised in 
the use and handling of thair artnes :* And bis Majestie being 
cairfull to undirstand the trew estaite of the saidis Hielandis, 
and in quhat forme and maner the inhabitantis thairof ar 
annit; his Majestie, for this effect, hes appointit a generale 
mustare and wapponshawing, to be maid be thame upoun the 
dayis following, in presence of thair masteris, cheifes, and 
chiftanes of Clans underwritten : That is to say, the haill in- 
habitantis of the Lennox and utheris Hieland boundis pertein- 
ing to the Duke of Lennox, in presence of the said Duke, or 
sic as he sail appoint to ressave thair musteris : The inhabi- 
tantis within the haill boundis perteining to the Erllis of Er- 
gyle, Athole, and Menteith, and within the stewartries of 
Stratherne and Menteith, in presence of the said Erllis of 
Ergyle and Athole, or thair deputis, everie ane within thair 
boundis ; and in presence of the Abbot of Inchaffray, the 
Lairdis of TuUibairdin and Lundy for Menteith and Straith- 
erne ; and all to be upon the first of March nixt to come : 
And that the lyke mustouris be maid upoun the same day be 
AUaster M'Gregour of Glenstra, of his haill Clan and sure- 
name : And that the inhabitantis within the Hieland boundis 
perteining to the Marques of Huntley, the Erllis of Suthir- 
land and Caithnes, and the haill men, tennentis, servandis and 
dependeris, and utheris of the Clans of the Laird of Grant, 
M'Intoshe, Balnagowne, the Lord Lovate, the Laird of 
Foulis, M*Ky, Glengarrie, M'Kenzie, the Capitane of Clan- 
ronnald, M'Connill duy, and M'Bannald, be reddy to mak 
thair mustares and wapponshawingis upoun the tent day of 
Marche, in presence everie ane of thame of their masteris, 
chiefes, and chiftanes, &«*- [Then follows the usual warrant 
to messengeivat-arms to charge all the abovenamed Chiefs] to 
bald thair wapponshawingis upoun the dayis abonementionat, 
everie ane of thame of the haill personis of their Clannis, and 
of sic as ar under thair obedience and commandement : And 
that thai enrol the names of the haill personis quha sail mak 
the saidis musteris with the forme and maner of thair armour, 
and report the same to his Majestie, as they and ilkane of 
thame will ansuer to his Majestie and council! at thair highest 

* These assertions sound strange, after the preambles of numerous acts 
of Council, in regard to complaints against the Highlanders for cattle-lift- 
ing, &c., which uniformly represent the *^brokin" men of the Highlands 
as equipped with almost every species of armour, offensive and defensive. 


charge and perrill, and under the pane contenit in the act of 

No. XII. 




Edinburgh, Zd September [1610]. 

You haif heard no doubt of the pirate ship takin by Neill 
M*Cloyde op the Lewis.J The caice is altered when the 
brokin hielanders are become the persequutowris of pirattis. 
Yit they still observe our forme, albeit it carye not much ho- 
nestie, yit it is with not lease hazairde. This English capitane, 
wanting men, desired some supplie from Neill, and he willing- 
ly yieldit to it. Neill is feasted aboorde of him, and will 
nocht be so vnthankfuU bot will repay him with a bankett on 
land. The captane and his company for most pairt being all 
invited, whatever there faire wes, the desert wes soure. Whi- 
ther it wes that thay refused to pay there rekneing, or that 
Neill held thame to be heretickis, and so thoght thame not 
worthie to be keipt promise to, for Neill is thoght to be of the 
romishe faith, or that now by there deliverye he thoght to 
gett his pardoun, he deteynis thame, hes putt [some] of his 
owne men in the ship, and hathe sent advertisment to the 
counsell : whereupoun my L. Dounbar hathe directed Patrick 
Grieflf [Grieve] with a ship to bring her aboute. — By the re- 
porte of the messinger whiche come from Neill, it is affirmed 
that the pirate had that same intentioun aganis Neill, bot the 
other hes tane the first start. It wes right, sick lippes sick 
lattuce. I think the Glangregor cald wishe Bishope and 
Wairde and all the rest of the pirattis in Breadalbane, that so 
they might find means of a pardoun. It is reported that the 
ship hathe some cutshoneill, sugar and barbarye hyides and 

* If this act was ever carried into effect, some of these Muster-rolls 
oaght still to be in existence. The editor begs to direct the attention of 
the Members of the Club to this subject^ in the hope that ere long some 
of these Bolls mayHbe brought to light. 

t From the original in the Denmylne Collection of MSS., Adv. Library. 
The rest of the letter has no reference to Highland affairs. 

X A bastard son of the late Roderick Macleod of the Lewis. He was 
one of those most keenly opposed to King James the Sixth's plan of civi- 
lising the Isles, by colonising the Lewis with Lowlanders. Neill does not 
appear to have assumed the style of Macleod of the Lewis, as might be 
inferred from Sir Alexander's loose mode of expressing himself ; but he 
was one of the principal leaders among what were cadled ** the rebels of 
the Lewis." 


xxvj peicis of Iroan and many moskettis. If his Maiestie 
would be pleased, in regaird of the service done, to direct 
Neill to the pairtes of Virginia, and to direct a staite of in- 
heritance to be gevin to him there, I think our country heir 
suld be best rid of him. There wald be no suche danger there 
as of his being in lyireland, for albeit bothe the speiches be 
barbarous, yit I hope he sail neid ane interpretour betwix him 
and the savaiges. 

No. XIII. 

LAND,* 1610. 

LwfiSy the I6th of October, 1610. 

My Lordis of Counsell. — My dewtie [and] service being re- 
memberit, I ressavit your L. letter from this beirair, Patrik 
Greve, desiring me to delyuer him the Inglishe Pirott which 
wes tane be my men with all her equipage and apparreUing. 
Suirlie, my Lordis, I wes not at the taking thairof, for had I 
bene thair, I sould half send the said Pirott, as sho wes tane, to 
his Majestic and Counsell ; for suirlie I delyverit hir to the 
said Patrik with all her munitioun, as I ressavit hir myself, to 
wit, with all hir saillis, towis, and tua ankeris, with xiiij peele of 
grite cairte peeleis, with hir captane and nyne of his [men].-f- 
As for the rest, thay war slayne at tlie taking of the said Pi- 
rott ; and foure Dutcheis that wer tane be the capitane aucht 
dayis befoir the hulke, past to the Meane-land, for I wald 
nocht hald thame as prisounairis, in respect they were takin 
perforce be the capitane with twa that deceissit, and I did 
keip ane Scottis man in my awin company to forder aduise. 
So I rest. Neill M'Cloud.J 

* From the original, in Denmylne MS3. Adv. Library. His account of 
the capture of the pirate differs materially from that given by Sir Alex- 
ander Hay, in the preceding letter. 

t The trial and condemnation of eight of these pirates will be found in 
Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, vol. iii. p. 99. Their ship was called the 
" Preame,*' i.c the Priam. 

% Neill Macleod was condemned to death and executed at Edinburgh, in 
March 1613, for murder, fire-raising, and other crimes, committed chiefly 
against the ^ venturers '' of the Lewis. His trial will be found in Pitcairn's 
Criminal Trials, voL iii. p. 244. Sir Thomas Hamilton, Lord Advocate, 
writing to the King, 7th April 1613, says *' NeiU Malcdoyde died at his 
execution verie chrUtianlie/* — Orig. Letter, Denmylne MSS. Adv. Lib. 
VOL. I. D 




*JDaibit nic Mailcoluim^ mc Sionnaig mc Singin rac Mailcolm 
mc Cineta mc Mailcolm mc Domnaill mc Consaitin mc Cineta 
mc Alpin mc Eachach mc Aidfin mc Domangart mc Domnaill 
brec mc Eachach buighe mc Aidan mc Gabhran mc Doman- 
guirt mc Fergiisa mc Eire mc Eachach muinreamhair mc 
Aengusa mc Eeilime mc Aengusa mc Feilime mc Seancormac 
mc Cruitenithe mc Finnfeiche mc Aicircirr mc Eachach an 
trid mc Fiadach mc Eathach riada .i. Cairpre ri.fata mc Con- 
aire caeimh mc Mogalama mc Luigeach allaig mc Cairpri 
mc Daire doinmair mc Oairpri firmaora mc Conair moir mc 
Eirsgeoil mc Eogan mc lair mc Aillil mc Deagadh mc Sin ic 
Kosin mc . . . ic Eothr mc Earmail mc Maine mc Fergusa 
mc Feradaigh mc Oiliol arron mc Fiacha firmara mc Aongusa 
tuirgeach, &c. 

*....* mc Maelsnactan mc Luaigach laech mc Gillacom- 
gain mc Maoilbrigde mc Ruaidii mc Domnaill mc Morgan 
mc Donaill mc Catmaeil mc Ruaidri mc Aircellach mc Fear- 
chair fata mc Fearadaigh mc Fergusa mc Sneachtain mc Col- 
man mc Buadan mc Eachach mc Maredaig mc Loairn moir 
mc Eire mc Eachach muinreamhair. 

Macbiad^ mc Finnleic mc Ruaidri mc Domnaill mc Morgain. 

Oenelach mc Neachtain, — Muiris mc Maelcolm mc Muiris^ 
ic Maelcolm mc Gibuin mc Fearchair ic Gillacrist^ ic Donaill 
ic Neachtain ic Artuir ic Gibuin ic Neachtain ic Isog ic Gil- 
lamart ic Aengusa ic Imaired ic Neachtain oig ic Neachtain 
ic Neactain moir ic Donaill duin ic Fearchair fata ic Fear- 
adaig ic Fergusa ic Neachtain ic Colman ic Buadan ic Eat- 
hach ic Muiredaig ic Loairn ic Eire ic Eoch. muinreamhair. 

* Do genelach clann an Toisig ansa d. Clann OiUacatan.^ — 
Uilliam agus Donaill da mic Uilliam ic Fearchair ic Uilliam 
ic Gillamitii ic Fearchair ic Disiab ic Gillacrist ic Aigh cob- 
tach ic Eogan ic • . . . ic ic Niell Lochlan ic Suibne ic 




David filius Maelcolain^ f. Donuchada qui fait nepos Mael- 
colain f. Cinada f. Maelcolain f. Domnaill f. Constantin f. 
Cinacba f. Alpin f. Echach f. Edafind f. Echadach f. Echach 
f. Domongrat f. Domnaill brie f. Echach buide f. Edan f. Ga- 
bran f. Dommungrat f. Fergusa f. Eire f. Echach miraremuir 
f. Oeiigu saphir f. Fedelinthe aislingig f. Oengusa buiding f. 
Fedelinthernanmaich f. Senchormaic f. Cruitliiide f. Findfece 
f. Achircir f. Achach antoir f. Fiacraclicathinail f. Echdach- 
riada f. Couore f. Mogalanda f. Luigdig ellatig f. Corpre- 
crunpchimi f. Dare dornmoir f. Corbre fadmoir f. Coiiaie 
moir f. Eterscenil f. Eogami f. Elela f. lair f. Dedaid f. Sin 
f. Rosin f. Their f. Rothir f. Roin f. Arandil f. Maine f. Forgo 
f. Feradaig f. Elela arami f. Fiachra firniara £ Oengus tur- 
niig, &». 

* son of Maelsnectan son of Lolach son of Qilcoui- 

gin son of Melbride son of Roderick son of Donald son of 
Morgan son of Donald son of Gatmel son of Roderick son of 
Aircellach son of Ferchar the long, son of Feredach son of 
Fergus son of Sneachtan son of Colman son of Buadan son 
of Hector son of Murdoch son of Lorn the great, son of Ere 
son of Eocha muinreamhar. 

Maobeth^ son of Finlay son of Roderick son of Donald 
son of Morgan. 

The Qenealooy of Macnachtan. — ^Moris son of Mal- 
colm son of Moris^ son of Malcolm son of Gibon son of Fer- 
char son of Gilchrist^ son of Donald son of Nachtan son of 
Arthur son of Gibbon son of Nachtan son of Isaac son of 
Martin son of Angus son of Iniared son of Nachtan og son of 
Nachtan son of Nachtan mor son of Donald duin son of Fer- 
char fata son of Feredach son of Fergus son of Nachtan son 
of Colman son of Buadan son of Eocha son of Murdoch son 
of Lorn son of Ere son of Eocha muinreamhar. 

The Genealogy of the Macintoshes, ob Clanchattan.* 
— William and Donald were the two sons of William son of 
Ferchar son of William son of Michael son of Ferchar son of 
Shaw son of Gilchrist son of Hugh the victorious, son of Ewen 


Disiab ic Leoid ic Tsead ic Fearchair ic Gillacrist ic Maelco- 
laim ic Donaill renabarta in Caimgilla ic Muircha ic Suibne ic 
Tead ic Neachtan ic Gillacatan ofiul clann Gillacatan ic Gall- 
brait ic Diarmada renabarta an fear leigin ic Ere ic Dlait ic 
Fearchair fata ic Fearadaig. 

Do Oenelach ic an ahhane. — Gillemare ic Eogan ic Aen- 
gusa ic ic Biad ic Aengusa ic Gillemare Logaig ic Fearchair 
ic Finlaeic ic Donnesi ic Firtire ic Gillafaelau ic Gillamart ic 
Firtead ic Loairn ic Fearchair ic Cormaic nic Oirbertaig ic 
Eire ic Donaill duin ic Fearchar abradhruaidh ic Fearadaig. 

Oenelach Clann Origair, — Maelcolaim ic Padruic mc 
Eoin ic Grigair ic Donch mc Maelcolaim ic Gillacrist mc 
Fearchar ic Muiredaig ic Ainreas mc Corraac ic Oirbertaig ic 
Fearchair mc Fearchair fada ic Fearadaig fin. 

Oenelach Clann Maelanfhaig x Eogan ic Domnaill dubh 
mc Ailin Maeilanfaig ic Foil ic Gillapatruig mc Gillamar- 
tain ic Foil ic Mailanfaig mc Neill 

* Clann OiUacolum .i. Gillamartan ic Gillapoil 

mc Gart . . . ic Eogan ic Panilac moir ic Ere- 


Oenelach ic Eogan na hoitreac'^ anso. — Baltuir ic Eoin ic 

Eogain ic Gillaesp ic Sabarain ic Duinsleibe 

ic Dedaalain renebarta buirrce ic Anradan .i. F. Baedeinac. — 

Oenelach clann Labhachtin. — Domnaill agus . . . . , 
. . . . colim mc Doumaill ic Eogain ic Baltuir Labhachtin 
mc Aeid ic Eogan ic Imaig ic Tisiab ic Gillacrist ic Gillami- 
chel ic Philip ic Finlaec oig mc Finlaeic moir mc Dubhgall 
ic Baltuir mc Carlusa ic Domnall oig ic Domnuil duin mc 
Feradach finn. 

Oenelach dann Gainig, — Muiread ic Cainig mc Eoin ic 


f. ! 

son of . . . grandson of Neill. Lachlan son of Swen son of ,<^^ .■ 

Shaw son of Leod son of Shaw son of Ferchar son of Gilchrist c^^'',/ r 
son of Malcolm son of Donald called "of Cowall," son of « t'' 
Muirich son of Swen son of Heth son of Nachtan son of Gil- ^ ^ ' 
ichatan, from whom came the Clan Chattan, son of Gilbert son 
of Diarmed called "the Leinster man," son of Ere son of 
Dlait son of Ferchar fada son of Feredach. 

The Genealogy op M'Nab. — Gilmour son of Ewen son of 
^ Angus son of Macbeth son of Angus son of Gilmour of Lochy 
son of Ferchar son of Finlay son of Duncan son of Firtir son 
of GillefiUan son of Martin son of Firtead son of Lorn son of 
Ferchar son of Cormac son of Orbertaigh son of Ere son of 
Donald duin son of Ferchar of the red eyelid, son of Feredach. 

The Genealogy op the clan Geegor. — Malcolm son of 
Patrick son of John son of Gregor son of Duncan son of Mal- 
colm son of Gilchrist son of Ferchar son of Murdoch son of 
Andrew son of Cormac son of Orbertaigh son of Ferchar son 
of Ferchar fada son of Feredach the white. 

The Genealogy op the Macmillans. — Ewen son of 
Donald du son of Alan the servant of the Prophet son of Paul 
son of Patrick son of Martin son of Paul son of Millan son of 

The Clan Malcolm, Martin son of Paul 

son of Gart . . . son of Ewen son of Panilac 

the great son of Ereloch. 

The Genealogy op Macewen of Otter. ^ — Walter son 

of John son of Ewen son of Gillespie son of 

Savarin son of Dunsleve son of Dedalan called the clumsy, 
son of Henry, Lord of Badenoch. — 

The Genealogy op the clan Labhachtin. — Donald 

and Malcolm son of Donald son of Ewen son of 

Walter Labhachtin son of Hugh son of Ewen son of Imaig 
son of Shaw son of Gilchrist son of Michel son of Philip son of 
Finlay og son of Finlay mor son of Dugald son of Walter son 
of Charles son of Donald og son of Donald duin son of Ferad- 
ach fin. 

The Genealogy of the clan Kenneth. — Murdoch son 


Cainig ic Aengusa ic Cristin ic Agam mc Gillaeon oig ic Gill- 
eon na haird. 

Oenelach ic Matgamna aiiso sis ,i. Muireachach mc Doin- 
caig ic Donch ic Donch ic Muireachach mc Cainig® ic Mat- 
gamna ic Cainig ic &c. 

Oenelach ic Nicail? — Eoin ic Eogan ic Eoin ic Nicail mc 
Aigh ic Neailb ic Nicaill ic Gregall ic Gillemare ic Seailib ic 
Toircill ic Totin ic Torstain mc Sdacaill ic Erble o failed ic 
Erble mc Arailt ic Muireachach ic Fogail ic Poil ic Ailin mc 
Carfin ic Taidg ic Amlaeimh ic Turc Atacliath ic Arailt ic 
Asmain ic Ard. 

Oenelach claim Anrixis. — PaP® ic Tire ic Eogan ic Muired- 
aigh ic Poil ic GiUeanris ic Martain ic Poil ic Cainig ic 
Cranin ic Eogan ic Cainig ic Cranin mc Gilleeoin ha hairde 
ic Eire ic Loim ic Fearchar mc Cormac ic Airbertaig ic Fer- 

Oenelach clann Cailin anso, — Cailin og ic Gillaesp mc 
Cailin ic Ailin ic Neill ic Ailin moir ic Gilleesp mc Dubgall 
ic Donch ic Gilleeasp ic Gillecolm renabarta ic Duibne ic 
Duibne ic Eirenaid mc Meirbe ic Artuir ic Uibar .i. rig in 
dom aingarusam. 

Oenelach clann Aid^^ ansa, — Fearchar mc Imair ic Gilla- 
crist mc Gilleeasp ic Gille . . . ic Gillacrist ic Cormac mc 
Gillamitel ic Aid ic Gallbuirt ic Gillacatan mc Domnaill ic 
Eogan ic Filip ic Disiab ic Eirdi ic Angusa ic Finlaeic ic 
Carla ic Domnaill og ic Domnaill duin ic Fearadaig. 

Oenelach ic Duibsi anso. — Donaill agus Niell agus Gil- 

lecolaim tri mc Gilleeasp ic mc Gillacrist ic Gil- 

lacolni ic Dubgall moir ic Duibsi nic Muirecac ic Finlaec cais 
ic Muirechach mc Fearchar ic Cormac ic Airbeartaig ic Fear- 
char fada ic Fearadaig. 


of Keneth son of John son of Keneth sun of Angus son of 
Christian son of Adam son of Gilleoin og son of Gilleoin of the 

The Genealogy of the Mathisons. — Murdoch son of 
Duncan son of Duncan, son of Duncan son of Murdoch son 
of Keneth^ son of Mathan son of Keneth &a 

The Genealogy of the MacNicols.® — John son of 
Ewen son of John son of Nicol son of Hugh son of Neailb son 
of Nicol son of Gregall son of Gilmor son of Seailb son of 
Torquill son of Totin son of Thorstein son of Deacuil son of 
Erbhie from whom M*Kerly, son of Harold son of Murdoch 
son of Fogal son of Paul son of Allan son of Carfin son of 
Teague son of Olave son of Tore of Dublin son of Harold son 
of Osman son of Ard. 

The Genealogy of the clan Andres. — PauP^ son of 
Tire &on of Ewen son of Murdoch son of Paul son of Gille- 
anrias son of Martin son of Paul son of Keneth son of Crinau 
son of Ewen son of Keneth son of Crinan son of Gilleoin of 
the Aird son of Ere son of Lorn son of Ferchar son of Cormac 
son of Oirbertaigh son of Feradach. 

The Genealogy of the clan Cailin. — (Campbells) 
Colin og son of Gillespie son of Colin son of Colin son of 
Niell son of Colin mor son of Gillespie son of Dugald son of 
Duncan son of Gillespie son of Malcolm called " Macduino " 
son of Duino son of Erenad son of Merve son of Arthur son 
of Uther (Pendragon). 

The Genealogy of the clan Aodh.^^ — Ferchar son of 
Iver son of Gilchrist son of Gillespie son of Gille . . . son of 
Gillchrist son of Cormac son of Michel son of Hugh son of 
Gilbert son of Gillechatan son of Donald son of Ewen son of 
Philip son of Shaw son of Eirdi son of Angus son of Finlay 
son of Charles son of Donald og son of Donald duin son of 

The Genealogy of Macduffie. — Donald/^ Niell and 

Malcolm the three sons of Gillespie son of son of 

Gilchrist son of Malcolm son of Dugald mor son of Duffie son 
of Murdoch son of Finlay the rash, son of Murdoch son of 
Ferchar son of Cormac son of Oirbertaigh son of Ferchar 
fada son of Feredach. 


Oenelach clann Ectigeama. — Gillaam . . . . ic Cftilin ic 
Icair rnc GiUacrist ic Icreit ic Marceartaig ic Gormaic ic Disiab 
mc Fearchar ic Finlaeic ic Nicail ic NicaU ic Muirecac. 

« 18 

*Do Oenelach clann Ovmre. — Ceallach mc Foil mc Cellach 
inenig mc Turcaill mc Ceallaig mc Guaire mc Cormac mc 
Airbertaig mc Muirceach mc Fearchair mc Beathach mc 
Finlaeic mc Fearchair fada mc Fearadaig mc Fergusa. 

Do Oenelach ic Finguine, — Niall ic Colum mc Gillabrigde 
mc Eogan mc Gillabrigde mc Saineagain mc Finlaeic mc 
Finguine ofiled clann F mc Cormac mc Airbertaig mc 
Muircheach mc Fearchair oig. 

Do Oenelach ic Lachlan oig, — Gained ic Eoin mc Lach- 
lain mc Gillapadruic mc Lachlan raoir mc Gillapadruic mc 
Gillacrist mc Dedaalain renabarta buirrce mc Anradan conder- 
gaid clanna Niel nai giall Caitrina ingen Donch mc Lagmain 
mr Cainig agus Padruig agus Gilleeasp agus Agais ingen ic 
Domnaill mr Eoin agus Calusaid in Mormair Comgaill mr 
Lachlan oig agus mr Gillepadruic in Donaill ic Eiri ic Ceined 
Tigerna Cairge agus in Lachlan ic Ruaidri mr Gillepadruic 
i. Athochlach Alx mc Eogan ic Gillepedur mc Alx moir ic 
*Eogan mc Douch ic Dubgaill Donch ic Dubgaill ic Lachlan 
ic Alx moir Ragnall ic Colum ic Donch aeii marie Malcolm 
ic Dubgaill ic Gilleeasp ic Donch Donch nic Gilleeasp mc 
Donch ic Gillacolm ic Imair ic Donch, Niell ic Cailin ic 
Donch ic Dubgaill, Persuin ic Dubeiran ic Donch. 

Geiielach clann Somarle, — Donall ic Gilleeasp mc Angusa 
ic Domnaill mc Somarle ic Fearchar mc Dunsleibe ic Bean. 

Graebsgaeiled clann Domnaill anso i, claim Eoin a hile, 
Eon agas Ragnal agus Gofraig tri mc in E mc Kuaidri 
Domnaill og agus Eon agus Angus agus Alex mi ic in Galtra 
.1. rig Albuin Gilleeasp ic Eon ic Ragnall ic Alx oig ic An- 


The Genealogy of the Maceacherns. — Gille .... 
son of Colin son of Vicar son of Gilchrist son of Vicar son of 
Murdoch son of Cormac son of Shaw son of Ferchar son of 
Finlay son of Nicol son of Nicol son of Murdoch. 


The Genealogy of the Macquarries. — Cellach son of 
Paul son of Cellach of the islands son of Torquill son of Cel- 
lach son of Guaire son of Cormac son of Oirbertaigh son of 
Murdoch son of Ferchar son of Bethach son of Finlay son of 
Ferchar fada son of Feredach son of Fergus. 

The Genealogy of Mackinnon. — Niell son of Malcolm 
son of Gilbert son of Ewen son of Gilbert son of Senagan son 
of Finlay son of Finguin from whom sprung Clanfinguin, son 
of Cormac son of Oirbertaigh son of Murdoch son of Ferchar og. 

The Genealogy of Maclachlan. — Keneth son of John 
son of Lachlan son of Patrick son of Lachlan mor son of 
Patrick son of Gilchrist son of Dedalan called the clumsy, son 
of Henry from whom are descended also the clan Niell. Ca- 
tharine the daughter of Duncan Maclamon was the mother of 
Keneth, Patrick, and Gilespic. Agnes, Macdonald's daugh- 
ter, was John's mother, and Elizabeth daughter of the Lord 
of Oowall, was the mother of Lachlan og; the mother of 
Patrick was the daughter of Donald son of Eiii son of Keneth 
Lord of Kerry and the daughter of Lachlan mac Rory was 
the mother of Patrick " of Atholl." Alexander son of Ewen 
son of Peter son of Alexander mor son of Ewen son of Dun- 
can son of Dugald, Duncan son of Dugald son of Lachlan son 
of Alexander mor Ranald son of Malcolm son of Duncan, 
Malcolm son of Dugall son of Gilespic son of Duncan, Dun- 
can son of Gillespie son of Duncan son of Malcolm son of 
Imair son of Duncan, Niell son of Colin son of Duncan son 
of Dugall, Persuin son of Duberan son of Duncan. 

The Genealogy of the clann Sorly. — Donald son of 
Gilespic son of Angus son of Donald son of Somerled son of 
Ferchar son of Dunsleve son of Bain. 

The branches of the clan Donald. — The children of 
John de Yle were John Ranald and Godfrey the three sons of 
the daughter of E. mac Rory, Donald og, John, Angus, and 
Alaster the four sons of the daughter of the king of Alban. 


gnsa. moir Qofrig ic Angusa ic Alex oig ic Angusa moir 
Somarle ic Gillebrigde ic Gofrig me Alx moir Domnaill ic 
Alx ic Domnaill mc Bagnall Donch agus Eon da mic Alx mc 
Domnaill ic Baignaill Eon agus Gilleeasp da mic Donch ic 
Alex ic Domnaill ic Bagnall Tordelbach agas Laclan da mc 
Eocain ic Alx mc Domnaill ic Bagnaill Domnaill ic Angusa 
mc Eoin sprangaigh ic Angasa moir. 

Oendach clann Somarle}^ — Ailin ic Eoin ic Ailin mc 
Eoin ic Alx ic Donch ic Dubgal mc Bagnal mc Somarle, 
Eoin agus Somarle agas Ailin agus Alx og IIII ic Eoin ic 
Donch ic Dubgail. 

Clann Eoin bogaig A}^ — Eogil mc Lochlan ic Somarle 
ic Eoin Donch mc Dubgaill Donch ic Alx ic Eon ic 
Donch mc Maelcolm ic Lochlan ic Eon ic Donch ic Dubgail 
Ferchar agus Loclan agus Imar tri mc Gillacolm ic Imar ic 
Dubgaill mc Loclan ic Donch ic Dubgaill Alx agus Somarle 
da mc Eon ic Donch ic Dubgaill. 

[ ] i«— Ragnallfin ic 

Ruaidri ic Ailin mc Euaidri ic Ragnal ic Somarle Ragnalfin 
ele ic Lochlan ic Ailin [ic Ruairi] ic Ragnal, Ferchar agus 
Donch da mc Donch ic Dubgaill mc Ruaidri ic Ragnal con- 
dercaid clann R. agus clann Domnaill agus clan Dubgaill. 

Clann Eondvb ic Alex ic Angusa moir ic Domnaill mc 
Ragnall ic Somarle ic Brigde Ag Eoin a Idle condergai clann 
Domnaill agus clann Ragnall agus clann Gofrig .i. clann 
Ragnall Ailin agus Eoin dobi dall fadoig agus Domnaill agus 
Angusa riabach agus Dubgaill agus anso a clanna sin .i. clann 
Ailin Ruaidri agus Uisdiun agus Eon clann Domnaell ic Rag- 
naiil .i. Eoin dar nir Laiglib in Ciniair agus Alx na Caill agus 
Angus oig clann in ic Cimisin Eoin dall aeu ic les .i. Eoin 
Angus riabach aen ic mait aige .i. Angus og agairohusa fen 
amaelanacog. Clann Dubgaill ic Ragnaill .i. agus 

Angus Ruad clann Gofrig Angus agus Eoin agus Somarle 
agus Ragnall Angus trat nir fagaib clann mac agb ata sil. 


Gilespic son of John son of Ranald son of Alaster og son of 
Angus mor, Godfrey son of Angus son of Alaster, og son of 
Angus mor, Somerled son of Gilbert son of Godfrey son of 
Alaster mor, Donald son of Alaster son of Donald son of Ran- 
ald, Duncan and John tlie two sons of Alaster son of Donald 
son of Ranald, John and Gilespic the two sons of Duncan son 
of Alaster son of Donald son of Ranald, Tarlach and Lachlan 
the two sons of Hector son of Alaster son of Donald son of 
Ranald, Donald son of Angus son of John the bold, son of 
Angus mor. 

The Genealogy of the clan Sorly.^* — Alan son of 
John son of Alan son of John son of Alaster son of Duncan 
son of Dugall son of Ranald son of Somerled ; John, Somer- 
led, Alan and Alaster og the four sons of John son of Duncan 
son of Dugall. 

The clan Eoin bacach (the lame.)^^ Eogil son of Lach- 
lan son of Somerled son of John, Duncan son of Dugall Dun- 
can son of Alaster son of John son of Duncan son of Mal- 
colm son of Lauchlan son of John son of Duncan son of Du- 
gall, Ferchar, Lauchlan and Iver the three sons of Malcolm 
son of Iver son of Dugall son of Lachlan son of Duncan son 
of Dugall, Alaster and Somerled the two sons of John son of 
Duncan son of Dugall. 

[The Genealogy of the clan Rory.]^® — Ranald the 
white, son of Rory son of Alan son of Rory son of Ranald son 
of Somerled, another Ranald the white, son of Lachlan son of 
Alan son of Rory son of Ranald, Ferchar and Duncan the 
two sons of Duncan son of Dougall son of Rory son of Ran- 
ald, from whom sprung the Clan Rory, Clan Donald, and Clan 

The Clan Eoindubh son of Alaster son of Angus mor 
son of Donald son of Ranald son of Somerled son of Gilbert. 
From John de Yle sprung the Clan Donald, Clan Ranald, 
and Clan Gofra. The children of Ranald were Alan and 
John, who was blind during his youth, Donald, Angus the 
grizzled, and Dugall, and here are their children — the children 
of Alan are Rory, Huisten, and John — the children of Don- 
ald mac Ranald are John, whose mother was Laleve the 
daughter of mac Iver, and AUaster of the woods, and Angus 
og, children of the daughter of Macimie. John Dall had but 
one son, John ; Angus Riach had one good-son, Angus og. 


* Oenelach dann Domnaill anso. — Eoin mc Alx mc Dom- 
naill mc Eoin mc Aengusa oig mc Aengusa moir mc Dom- 
naill mc Ragnaill mc Somairle mc Gillebrigde^^ mc Gille- 
eagamain mc Solaim mc Meargad mc Suibne mc Niallgusa 
mc Maine mc Gofrig mc Fergusa mc Eire mc Cartain mc 
Eathach feighlioch mc Collad uais mc Eathach doimlein mc 
Cairpre liffechar mc Cormac Uilfata mc Airt ainfir faulcha mc 
Cuin cead fcaig. 



1 From the peculiar condition of society among the Highlanders, the in- 
vestigation of family history hecomes an important instrument in ascertaining 
and illustrating the leading facts of their origin and history. The attention 
of the Club will, consequently, be in a considerable degree directed to this 
object ; and it is proposed to include in the Collectanea, a series of the Ge- 
nealogies of Highland Clans which are still to be found in ancient MSS. In 
the present number, the series commences with the contents of the most an- 
cient Genealogical MS. now known to exist. It was discovered, accidentally, 
in the Advocate's Library last year, and consists of eight parchment leaves, the 
last of which is covered with genealogies, written in the old Irish character, 
but so very much faded by time as to be read with great difficulty, and, in 
many instances, to be altogether illegible. Of the authenticity of the MS. 
there can be no doubt, and a strict comparison of all the genealogies con- 
tained in it has satisfied the editor of its general accuracy. The same care- 
ful examination shows that it must have been written about the year 1450, 
and this conclusion, with respect to its date, was afterwards corroborated 
by discovering the date 1467 written upon one of the leaves. The author 
of the MS. appears to have been a person of the name of Maclachlan, as the 
genealogy of the Clanlachlan is given with much greater minuteness than 
that of any of the other clans ; and the various intermarriages of that clan 
alone are given. From this it seems probable that it once formed a part 
of the well-known Kilbride Collection, which was so long preserved by the 
family of M^Lachlan of Kilbride. Although a greater proportion of the 
contents of this MS. has been deciphered than was at first anticipated, a 
considerable portion still remains, so much obliterated by age and exposure 
as to be in a great degree illegible. Should any further progress be made 
in reading these parts of the MS., the result will be communicated to the 
Club, on a future occasion. It would occupy too much space here to enter 


[The meaning of the Gaelic words following thiSy and printed in 
italics on the other side, is doubtful.'] The children of Dougall 
son of Eanald are ... . and Angus the red. The children of 
Godfrey, Angus, John, Somerled, and Ranald ; Angus [dying] 
early did not leave any male children who had offspring. 

The Genealogy of the Olandonald. — John son of Al- 
laster son of Donald son of John son of Angus og son of Angus 
mor son of Donald son of Ranald son of Somerled. " This 
Somerle wes the sone of Gillebryde^^ M'Gilleadamnane vie 
Sella vie Mearshaighe vie Swyffine vie Malhheussa vie 
Eacime vie Gothefred. This Gotheray wes the sone of Fer- 
gus M'Eriche vie Cartayne vie Ethay vie Tliola Craisme 
vie Ethay de wiff Leist vie Frathrequerwy vie Cairpre Lisse- 
chuyr vie Chrorin weet Alada vie Airt Lermeche king of Ire- 
land maist royall in all his actions vie Chuyin Chide Kakay 
king of Ireland, a royal prince and lyon like in all his actions 
of warre." 

into any detail of the very important effects which this MS. must produce 
upon the question of the origin of the Highland clans ; it will he sufficient 
to state that it seems to establish three very remarkable facts — 1st, The ex- 
istence, at a very early period, of a tradition in the Highlands of the com- 
mon origin of almost all the Highland clans ; 2dly, The comparatively late 
invention of many of the traditionary origins of the different clans at pre- 
sent believed ; and, Sdly, The mutual relationship of various clans which 
have hitherto been supposed to be altogether unconnected. It will be alto- 
gether impossible, in the limits of this branch of the Collectanea, to illustrate 
these curious genealogies as we could wish, or to do more than occasionally 
point out where the MS. is corroborated by record or history. 

2 It will be observed that the MS. commences with a long genealogy of 
the kings of Scotland from David I . It has not been thought necessary to 
translate this genealogy ; but, in order to show the accuracy of the MS., 
the genealogy of these Mugs, contained in the Chronicon regum, Innes* App, 
No, IV, y {as coUa/ted vnth the original MS, in Pinkerton's Miquiry, I, 479.) 
has been annexed. 

^ This very curious genealogy appears to be that of the ancient Maor- 
mors or Earls of Moray. The following notices from the Irish Annals will 
establish its accuracy. 
1085. MaeUnectai mac Lulcdgh ri Muireb suam vitam infeliciter finierit. 

AnnoHes Ultonienses, 
1058. Lulach mac OUcomgain ardri Alban. Ibid. 
1032. OUcomgan mac Maebrig Maormor Murehe, Ibid, 
1029. Malcolm mac MaoZM^de mac i^miin mortuus est. Tighemac, 

* 1058. Macbetad mac Findlm Ardri Alban do marbhe. Tigh, 
1020. Firdaec mac Bv>airi Maormor mhic croeb a filiis fratris sui MaXbrigdi 
occisus est. Tigh, 

^ Maurice Macnaughton had a charter from Colin Campbell of Lochow of 
sundrie lands in over Lochow, Argyle. Bobertaon^s Index. Gilchrist Mac- 


nauhton had a ^nt from King Alexander III. of the custody of the castle 
and island of Ilraochelan in Lochow. — D<yug. Baronage, 

* It will be observed that the M'Intoshes are here made a part of the 
clan Ohattan, and their origin deduced from Gilecattan mor, the well-known 
founder of that clan, a much more credible story than the improbable fiction 
of their descent from Macduff, Thane of Fife. 

^ " On a rocky point on the coast of Lochfine, about a mile below the 
church of Kilfinan, is to be seen the vestige of a building called Caisteal 
mhic Eoghuin or M*Eweu's castle. This M^Ewen was the chief of a clan 
and proprietor of Otter,^^ — Btat Acct vol. 14 p, 259. From the genea- 
logy, this tribe seems to have been a branch of the clan Lauchlan. 

^ Kermac [Kenach] MacMaghan of the Earldom of Boss is mentioned 
in the public accounts of Lawrence le Grant, Sheriff of Inverness (then 
comprehending that Earldom) cir. 1263 in the reign of Alexander the 
third. The &**. at the end of any genealogy, implies that its conclusion is 
to be sought for in that immediately preceding. 

' The descent of this tribe from one Kry-cvl (the Oregall of the MS.) 
is corroborated by the tradition of the country, as stated in the account of 
the parish of Eddirachylis. — Stat Ace. vol. vi. p. 278. 

^° Paul Mactyre had a charter from William Earl of Ross, Lord of Sky, 
of the lands of Gerloch, 1366. Clan Andres is the Gaelic appellation of 
the surname of Ross in Ross-shire to the present day. 

^1 This seems to be the genealogy of the Mackays of Kintyre, and differs 
totally from the most authentic genealogies of the Mackays of Strathnaver, 
who are in Gaelic called clan Mhorgan. 

^2 Donald M'Duffee witnessed a charter by John, Earl of Ross and Lord 
of the Isles, dated at the EarFs castle of Dingwall, 12th April 1463.— i^- 
gistrum Magni Sigilli, lib. vi. No. 17. 

^^ Here it has been found necessary to omit an entire column of MS., of 
which only a few detached words can at present be read. 

^^ It will be remarked that this is the genealogy of the Macdougals of 
Lorn. " John Macalan of Lorn, called Maodougal," had from John Stew- 
art, fourth Lord Lorn of that family, a charter dated in 1451, of the lands 
of Dunoliy, the Isle of Kerrera, &c. — Argyle Writs, 

^^ There appears to be some confusion, caused probably by an accidental 
blunder, in this genealogy, which the reader will please to bear in mind. 
The Eoin hacach of this genealogy is clearly the John son of Duncan son of 
DugaU of that immediately preceding : — and the two form properly one 
genealogy under the general head of Clan Sorly. 

^^ The words inserted within brackets in the translation, have evid&iiUy 
been omitted in the original MS. ; and the editor has therefore ventured to 
give them a place, in order to prevent the confounding of two distinct genea- 

^^ Instead of translating from the MS. the genealogy of the Macdonalds 
prior to Somerled, the editor has preferred placing beside it Dean Monro's 
edition of the same genealogy, dated more than a century later, in order that 
the two may be compared. But the reader will bear in mind that the 
Dean's MS., to which the editor never had access, has been most inaccu- 
rately printed. In the MS. of 1450, the genealogy is carried up through 
the Milesian Kings of Ireland to Adam. This part of the genealogy, how- 
ever, the editor will be pardoned for having omitted. 

Where this mark * occurs on the margin of the Gaelic, it indicates the 
commencement of a column in the original MS. 




The history of Scotland, preyious to the thirteenth century, as contained 
in our ancient chronicles, is in fact the history of the south of Scotland 
only. Of the northern districts the writers did, and they could know 
nothing. The most important revolutions might have taken place there 
without reaching the ears of the learned monks of the southern monas- 
teries, who are the only native historians of these distant periods ; and 
that such was actually the case will be sufficiently apparent, when we turn 
to the only quarter from whence we can expect information on the subject. 

The most important events of the north and west of Scotland were con- 
nected with the Norwegians^ and therefore, as might have been expected, 
the best and most accurate account of these events is to be found in the 
Norwegian Sagas, whose antiquity would sufficiently warrant their accu- 
racy, were it not further confirmed by the remarkable fact that, where 
ever the same events are alluded to in the Irish annals, the account con- 
tained in the Sagas, although at variance with the generally received history, 
Li invariably borne out, in the fullest manner, by these invaluable annalists. 
From these Sagas it appears that there existed, at three different periods, 
a Norwegian kingdom in the Highlands j and in the present number, the va- 
rious accounts in the different Sagas of the earliest of these kingdoms are 
collected together and translated. Of this kingdom there are accounts in 
four different Sagas, viz. — 

I. Ynglinga Sa^a, written by Snorro Sturleson, about the year 1200, 
and pubUshed in his Heimskringla, at Copenhagen, 1777. — 2. Olafirygg- 
vasonir Saga, written in the thirteenth centuiy, and published at Copen- 
hagen 1825, in the Fommanna Sogur. — 3. IsUmds Landnamaboky writ- 
ten by Are Frode, in the beginning of the twelfth century, and published 
at Copenhagen, 1829.— 4. Laxdada Saga, written in the end of the 
twelfth century, and published at Copenhagen, 1826. 

The accounts, of this kingdom, contained in the two first of these Sa- 
gas, are so exactly alike, that only one of them, viz., that of Snorro, has 
been given. It has been deemed imnecessary and unadvisable to print 
the original Icelandic of these passages, but the greatest care has been 
taken to preserve the sense of the original, by the most literal translation, 
and even, where necessary, to sacrifice the correctness of the language to 
a literal exposition of the original. The proper names, and many of the 
peculiar terms connected with the Norwegian system of piracy, have been 



After this battle,* King Harald met with no farther resist- 
* The battle alluded to is that of Hafursfiord, by which Harold Har- 


ance in Norway. All his opponents and greatest enemies 
were subdued, but a great multitude of them fled the country, 
in consequence of which many uninhabited countries were co- 
lonized. It was at this time that Jamta-land and Helsinga- 
land were occupied, but both of these were somewhat inhabited 
before by Northmen. In the same war by which King Ha- 
rald obtained the sovereignty of Norway, the remote coun- 
tries of Faroe and Iceland were discovered and occupied. 
There was also at that time a great migration of the North- 
men to Shetland, and many of the rich Norwegians fled there 
as outlaws from King Harald, and engaged in the "Vestr- 
viking."* During the winter months they remained in the 
Orkneys or in the Sudreys, but during summer they infested 
the coasts of Norway, and did considerable damage to the 
country. There were also many wealthy men who made 
submission to king Harald, became his subjects, and dwelt 
with him in the land. 



King Harald, having learned that several Vikings infested 
the midland country far and wide, who took refuge during 
winter in the western sea, went out with an army every sum- 
mer, and explored the islands and rocks; but wherever the 
Vikings perceived his army, they always fled, and generally 
took refuge in the open sea : but the king becoming dissatis- 
fied with these expeditions, followed the Vikings one summer 
with his army " westward over the sea."-|- He arrived first at 
Shetland, and killed there all the Vikings who had not fled at his 
approach. King Harald then sailed to the Orkneys, and drove 

fagre, or fair-haired, one of the petty kings of Norway, made himself mas- 
ter of the whole country, and became the first king of all Norway. This 
battle was foaght about the year 888, which fixes the establishment of 
Thorstein's kingdom, in Scotland, to the end of the ninth or beginning 
of the tenth centuries. 

^ The " Vestrviking" is a peculiar phrase applied to the piratical expedi- 
tions to great Britain and Ireland. It is almost unnecessary to add, that 
by the " Sudreys " the Hebrides are meant. 

t It was found impossible to translate the phrase " Vestrum haf,** Hte- 
rally "westward over the sea," in any way which would express its 
meaning accurately. It implied peculiarly the sea which surrounds and 
intersects the British isles, and was used even in contradistinction to 
that which washes the shores of Iceland. 


the Vikings out of the whole country ; from thence he went to 
the Sudreys, and attacked the Vikings there. He killed a great 
many of them, who had been commanders of great bodies of 
men, and fought numerous battles, in most of which he came 
off victorious. After this Harald infested the shores of Scot- 
land and fought many battles, until at length he arrived at 
the island of Man ; but the inhabitants, having heard what 
devastation he had formerly made in that country, fled to Scot- 
land, and he found the country quite deserted. The inhabit- 
ant's had also carried with them all their wealth and possessions 
which could be taken, so that when king Harald and his fol- 
lowers landed they obtained no booty. 

In one of those battles was killed Ivar the son of Rognvald 
Earl of Maeri, but as a compensation for this loss, King 
Harald gave Earl Rognvald, on his return, the Orkneys and 
Shetland. Earl Rognvald, however, made over both of. these 
countries to Sigurd his brother, who, accordingly, remained in 
the west, and King Harald bestowed upon him the title of a 
jarl. Previous to Harald's departure, Sigurd was joined by 
Thorstein the red, who was a son of Olaf the white, and 
Audur the wealthy. They then invaded Scotland, and ob- 
tained possessioji of Caithness and Sudrland, and all as far q r 
as Ekkjalsbakka* iC^*^ 

In this invasion Earl Sigurd killed Melbrigda tonn (Maol- 
bride the bucktoothed), a Scottish jarl and having tied his '' 
head to the bridle, the tooth, which was very prominent, struck 
his leg, and the wound inflaming caused the death of the Earl, 
who was buried in Ekkjalsbakka. After his death, his son Gut- • 
torm ruled over the countries for one winter, and died child- 
less. The Vikings then took possession of the countries, both 
Danes and Northmen. 




Haraxd the fairhaired made war "westward over the sea," 
as is written in his Saga. He subdued all the sudreys so far 

^ ^ Ekkjalsbakka appears distinctly, from all the notices which can be 

^ collected of that word in the Sagas, to have been that mountain chain 

which extends from the Linn6 Loch on the west, to the German Ocean 

i' ^ at Stonehaven on the east, and which forms the southern boundary of 

^''' ^ the counties of Inverness and Aberdeen. This chain was formerly known 

by the name of " The Mounth." 

VOL. I. K 


west that no Norwegian king has since conquered &rther, ex- 
cept King Magnus barefoot ; but he had no sooner returned, 
than VikMigs, both Scottish and Irish,* cast themselves into 
the islands and made war, and plundered far and wide. When 
King Harald, however, heard this, he sent westward Ketil 
flatnefr (flatnose), the son of Bjarnan Bunu, to reconquer the 
islands. Ketil was married to Ingvild, the daughter of Ketil 
vedr, a hersr (baron) of Bingariki. Their sons were Bjom 
the eastward and Helgi Bjola ; Audur the wealthy and Thorir 
the homed were their daughters. Ketill departed for the west, 
leaving behind him his son Bjorn, and subdued all the sudreys. 
He made himself king over them, however, and refused to pay 
tribute to King Harald, as had been stipulated ; upon which 
King Harald took possession of Ketill's Norwegian property, 
and expelled his son Bjorn. Helgi Bjola, the other son of 
Ketill, went to Iceland from the Hebrides. 

There was a sea king called Olaf the white ; he was the 
son of King Ingiald son of Helgi son of Olave son of Godred 
son of Halfdun king of Upland. Olave the white went into 
the " Vestrviking," conquered Dublin with the surroimding 
territory, and became king there. He married Audur the 
wealthy, the daughter of Ketill flatnefr, and had a son called 
Thorstein the red. Olave was killed in Ireland in battle, 
upon which Audur, and Thorstein her son, went to the Sud- 
reys, and Thorstein married there Thurid the daughter of 
Eyvind the ostman, and sister of Helgi the lean, by whom he 
had many children. He had a son called Olaf feilan, and his 
daughters were Groa and Alaf Osk, and Thorhild, Thorgierd, 
and Vigdis. Thorstein became a sea king, and entered into 
an alliance and confederacy with Earl Sigurd the rich, the 
son of Eystein Glumra. Tliey conquered Katenes and Sudr- 
land, Ross and Moray, and more than the half of Scotland, 
and Thorstein reigned as king over these districts until he was 
betrayed by the Scotch and slain in battle, Audur was in 
Katenes when she heard of her son Thorstein's death, and 
caused a large ship to be secretly made in a wood, and when 
it was ready she fled to Orkney. There she gave away in 
marriage Groa, the daughter of Thorstein the red.f She be- 

* The expression in the original " Vikinger Skotar ok Irar," implies that 
these pirates were natives, and not Norwegians. 

t Cfroa was married to Dungadr, jarl of Katenes, and his daughter 
Grelauga, by her marriage with Thorfinn, Earl of Orkney, brought the 
former district once more into the possession of these earls. 


came mother to Grelaaga, who was married to Thorfimi the 
cleaver of skulls. After that Aadur went to Iceland ; she had 
twenty freeman along with her in the ship. 



There was a man called Ketill flatnefr, the son of Bjom Bunu, 
He was a " hersr " of Norway, both rich and of noble descent, 
and dwelt in Raumsdal in the Fylki* of Eaumsdal, which 
is situated between Sunmear and Nordmaer. Ketill flatnefr 
was married to Ingvald the daughter of Ketill vedr, an excel- 
lent man. They had five children, one of whom was called 
Biom the eastward, another Helgi bjolan. One of his daugh- 
ters, called Thorin the homed, was married to Helgi the lean, 
the son of Eyvind the ostman, and of Rafarta, daughter of 
Kearval king of Ireland. XJnur the wealthy was another 
daughter of Ketill, who was married to Olave the white, the 
son of Ingiald the son of Frodi the gallant, whom the Svert- 
lings killed. 


In the latter days of Kentill the dominion of King Harold the 
fairhaired commenced, so that no king of a Fylki,-f- nor any 
other nobleman, could retain bis station, unless he came under 
subjection to Harold. Kentill having heard that Harald in- 
tended the same conditions for him as had been forced up- 
on the other noblemen, viz. that his relations should be left 
uncompensated,:!: and that he should be obliged to hold his 
possessions under the king, he summoned a meeting of his 
kindred, and thus addressed them — "The transactions which 
have passed between me and King Harald, are well known 
to you, and it will not be necessary for me to repeat them, 
for it is our principal business now to deliberate concerning 

* The petty kings in Norway, previous to Harald's conquest, were 
known by the name of " Fylkis Konunger,'' and the districts over which 
they reigned by that of **Fylkis." ... 

t See the above note. 

X By the Norwegian laws, the slaughter of every person of a certain 
station, whether in battle or otherwise, was compensated by the pay- 
ment of a sum of money by the slayer to the reLitions of the slain. Tlus 
law was rigorously enforced, and any person who infringed was outlawed. 


those difficulties which present themselves before us. I am 
certainly informed of King Harald's enmity towards us, and 
it appears to me that we cannot place any confidence in him. 
I think, therefore, that there are but two alternatives left for 
us, either to fly the country, or for each man of us to be kill- 
ed in his place; for myself, I am more inclined to meet the 
death which my relations have had, but I will not lead you 
by my obstinacy into so much danger; for I well know the 
sentiments of my relations and friends to be such, that you 
would not desert me, even although you might encounter great 
dangers in remaining with me." To this Bjorn, the son of 
Ketill, answered — " I shall not take long to make ray inten- 
tions known, for I shall follow the example of many noble men 
and fly the country. It appears to me that I should not gain 
much by waiting at home for the thralls of King Harald, who 
would either chase us from our possessions, or slay us out- 
right." This was well received, and they thought it manly 
spoken. The plan was therefore fixed, that they should leave 
the country, as the sons of Ketill urged it much, and none 
spoke against it. 

Bjorn and Helgi wished to go to Iceland, for they had heard 
much from thence that was attractive. They said that the 
quality of the land was good, and that there was no occasion 
to buy cattle. They also said that there was a great influx of 
whales, good salmon-fishing, and a fishing-station at all sea- 
sons. Ketill said that to that fishing-station he would never 
come in his old age, and declared his intentions that he was 
more inclined to go " westward over the sea," for he liked it 
well there. The countries there were known to him far and 
wide, for he had frequently infested them before. 


Ketill then prepared a great feast, and gave his daughter 
Thorin the homed in marriage to Helgi the lean, as was 
mentioned before. After that Ketill made preparations for 
his journey from the country " westward over the sea." Unur, 
his daughter, and many of his kindred, went with him; but 
his sons, together with their brother-in-law Helgi the lean, 
departed that same summer for Iceland. 


Ketill flatnefr arrived with his vessel at Scotland, and was 
well received there by men of rank, as he was both a cele- 


brated man and of high descent. Tiiey offered him any 
possessions he pleased, so that Ketill settled there with all the 
rest of his kindred except Thorstein, his daughter's son, who 
immediately commenced making piratical expeditions, infesting 
Scotland far and wide, and always obtaining victory. Thor- 
stein at length became reconciled with the king of the Scots, 
and obtained possession of the half of Scotland, over which he 
became king. He married Thorod the daughter of Eyvind, 
and sister of Helgi the lean. The Scotch did not keep the 
treaty long, but betrayed him in confidence. Of his death, 
Arefrode, the son of Thorgils, says he was killed in Katenes. 

Unur the wealthy was in Katenes when her son Thorstein 
was killed ; and when ' she heard that Thorstein was no more, 
her father being also dead, she thought that her prosperity 
was at an end. She caused, however, a ship to be secretly 
made in the wood, and when the ship was completed, she fur- 
nished it with tackle and placed all her wealth on board of it, 
and carried away with her all those of her kindred that re- 
mained alive, so that it is generally thought that there are 
few examples of a single woman escaping from such hostilities 
with so much wealth and so many of her followers ; from which 
it is very plain that she was no ordinary woman. 

Unur was also accompanied by many persons of importance 
and good birth. One of Unur's companions, called Kollr, was 
the most important of them, which arose chiefly from his pos- 
sessing the title of a Hersr. There was also among them a 
person called Hordr, a man of high birth and importance. 
When every thing was ready, Unur steered her ship to Ork- 
ney, where she remained a short time. Here she gave away 
in marriage Groa, the daughter of Thorstein the red.* She 
was the mother of Grelauga, who was married to Earl Thorfin, 
the son of Earl Torfeinar, who was the son of Rognvald Earl 
of Maeri*. Her son was Lodver, the father of Earl Sigurd, 
the father of Earl Thorfin, and from thence is descended the 
race of Earls of Orkney. 

* See note t, page 66. 





A Eolcha Albain uile, 
A shluagh feta, folt buidhe, 
Cia ceud ghabhail an eol duibh, 
Bo ghabhustar Alban bhmigb. 


Albanus do ghabh ria n sfalogh, 
Mac sein oirdhairc Isiocoin, 
Brathair do Britus gan brath, 
raitir Alba eathrach. 


Bo ionnarb a bhrathair Bras 
Britus tar muir, n locht namhnas, 
Bo ghabh Briotus Albain ain, 
Go roinn Fiaghnach Eothndain. 


Fada iar m Britus mblaith, mbil, 
Bo ghabhsad clanna Neimhidh 
Earglan iar ttocht as a loing^ 
Do Aithle togla Tuir Conaing. 


Cruithnigh ros ghabhsad iar ttain, 
Iar ttiachtain a h Eirinn Mhiiighe, 
X Bigh tri fichid Bigh ran 
Ghabhsad dhiobh an Cruithen chlar. 


Oathluan an ced Bigh dhiobh sin, 
Aisneidhfiod dhaoibh go cumair, 
Bob e an Bigh deidhenach dhiobh 
An cur calma Cusantin. 






Ye learned of all Albin, 
Ye wise, yellow-haired race, 
Learn who first 
Acquired the districts of Albin. 


Albanus acquired them with his race, 
The illustrious son of Isiocon, 
Brother to Britus, without treachery : 
From him Albin of ships takes its name. 


Britus expelled his intrepid brother 

Over the sea, called locht : 

Britus acquired illustrious Albin 

To the territories of the Fiaghnach Fothudain. 

Long after the pleasant, good Britus, 

The race of Neimhidh, after they had come 

From their ships, acquired Eearglan, 

Till after the building of the Tower Oonaing. 


The Cruithne acquired the western region 
After they had come from the plains of Erin : 
Seventy noble kings of them 
Acquired the Cruithen plains. 


Cathluan was the first king of them, 
(I relate it to you explicitly) : 
This was the last king of them, 
The daring hero Cusantin. 



Clanna Eathach in a n diaigh, 
Qhabhsad Albain iar n ardghliaidh, 
Clanna Conaire na caoimh f hir, 
Toghaidhe na tren Qhaoidhil. 


Tri mic Ere mc Eathach ait, 
Triar fuair beannacht Padraicc, 
Ghabhsad Albain, Ard n gas, 
Loam, Fergus is Aonghua 


Deich m blianna Loaim, leir bladh, 
Ifflaithios oirir Albain, 
Tareis Loaim, Sgel go n gus, 
Seacht m blianna fichiot, Fergus. 


Domhangort mac Fergusa Aird 
Airemh cuig m bli^dhna m bioth ghairg 
A ceathair ficheat, gan troid, 
Do Chomhghall, mc Domhanghairt. 



Dha bhliadhna conaing, gan tar, 
Tareis Chomhghaill do Ghobhrain, 
Tri bHadhna fa chuig, gan roinn, 
Ba ri Gonall mc Comhghail). 


Ceithre bliadhno fichiod thall, 

Ba ri Aedhan na n orlann. 

Deich m bliadhna fo seacht, seol n gle, 

If flaithios Eochaide Buidhe. 


Conchad Cerr Raithe, reil bladh, 
A se deg dia mhac Ferchair. 
Tareis Fherchair, feghaid rainn, 
Ceithre bliadhna deag Domhnall. 



The race of Eathach after them 
Acquired Albin by great deeds. 
The race of Qonaire the mild 
Elevated the strong QbSL 


The three sons of Ere son of Eathach the prosperous, 
The three who obtained the blessing of Saint Patrick, 
Acquired Albin, great their strength, 
Lorn, Fergus, and Angus. 


Ten years Lorn with complete dominion 
In the kingdom of Oirir Alban [reigned]. 
After Lorn, (keenly the tale,) 
Twenty-seven years Fergus. 


Doman^art the son of high Fergus 
Numbered five years of fierce life. 
Four and twenty, without strife, 
Comgall the son of Domangart. 


Two gentle years, without contumely. 
After Comgall to Qabhran [are assigned]. 
Three years, and five without division. 
Was King, Conall son of Comgall. 


Four years, and twenty besides, 

Was King, Aidan of golden swords. 

Ten years and seven by fair means 

In the kingdom [was] Eocha the yellow-haired. 


Conad Cerr three months, a shooting star. 
Sixteen after him to his son Ferchar. 
After Ferchar, by dominion of swords, 
Fourteen years Donald. 



Tareis Dhomhnaill bfaric, na mbla, 
Conall Dnngbal Xm bliadhna, 
XIII bliadhna Doiahnaill Duimi, 
Tareis Dhnnghail do Ohonaill. 


Maoldain mc Conaill na ccreach 
A seacht deg dho, go dlighthech. 
Ferchair f ogha, legba leat, 
Do chaith bliadhain ar fhichid. . 


Dba bliadhain Eath. na neach, 
Bo ba calma an High Bighthech. 
Aon bliadhain ba flaith iar ttain, 
Aincheall maith, mac Ferchair. 


Seacht m bliadhna flaith Dongal dein 
Agus a ceathar do Ailpein 
Tri bliadhna Muiredh. maith, 
A XXX do Aodh na ardfhlaitlu 


A ceathair fichiot nior fhann 
Do bhliadhnaibh do chaith Domhnall, 
Dha bliadhain Chonaill ceim n gle, 
Sa ceathair Conall eile. 


Naoi m bliadhna Chnsaintin chain, 
A naoi Aonghns ar Albain. 
Ceithre bliadhna Aodha ain 
. Sai tri deg Eoghanain. 


Triocha bliadhna Cionaoth cmaidh, 
A ceathair Domhnaill Dreachmaidh, 
Triocha bliadhna con a bhrigh, 
Don chnraidh do Chusantin. 




After Donald brec of renown, 
Conall [and] Dungall ten years. 
Thirteen years, Donald Dnin, 
After Dangall and Conall. 


Maoldnin^ son of Conall of the booties, 
Seventeen [years] to him rightfully. 
Ferchar of arrows (you may read) 
Reigned one and twenty years. 


Two years Ethach of horses, 

He was daring, the royal king. 

One year was Lord of the western region 

Aincheall the good, son of Ferchar. 


Seven years [was] Lord, Dungall the eager, 
And four years to Alpin. 
Three years Muiredach the good. 
Thirty to Aodh the high Lord. 


Four and twenty, not feeble, 
Of years reigned Donald, 
Two years Conall, by pure descent, 
And four another ConalL 


Nine years Cusantin the beloved. 
Nine Angus over Alban [reigned]. 
Four years Aodh the honourable, 
And thirteen Eoganan. 

. 20. 

Thirty years Kenneth the hardy. 
Four Donald of the ruddy countenance, 
Thirty years with strengtti 
To the hero, to Cusantin. 



Dha bliadhain, ba daor a dhath, 
Da bhrathair do Aodh Fhionnsgothach 
Domhnaall mac Cnsantin chain 
Bo chaith bliadhain f o cheathair. 


Casantin, ba calma a ghleic, 
Ro chaith a se is da fhichiot, 
Maolcoluim ceithre bliadhna, 
Indolbh a hocht Ardriaghla. 


Seacht m bliadhna Dubhoda Den, 
Agus a ceathar Ctiilen. 
A seacht fichiod os gach cloinn 
Don Chionaoth mc Maolcoluim. 


Seacht m bliadhna Cusantin clinn, 
Agus a ceathair MacDuibh. 
Triocha bliadhna breacaid rainn, 
Ba Ri Monaidh Maolcoluim. 


Se bliadhna Donncha ghloin, 
A seacht bliadhna deag mac Fionnlaoich. 
Tareis MhecBeath go in blaidh, 
Seacth mis ifiSaithios Lughaidh. 


Malcolm a nois as Bi, 

Mac Donncha datha Dreach bhui 

A re noch n fidir neach 

Acht an t eolach as eolach. 

■ 27. 

Da Bigh for chaogad, cluine, 
Go mac Donncha Dreach ruire, 
Do shiol Eric ardgloin a noir, 
Qhabhsad Albain, a Eolaigh. 



Two years, his success was dearly bought. 
To his brother, to Aodh the white-shielded. 
Donald son of Clusantin the beloved 
Reigned one year under four. 


Cusantin, daring was his struggle in battle, 
Reigned six and twice twenty [years] 
Malcolm four years, 
Indulf eight in the supreme government. 


Seven years Dubhoda the eager, 
And four Culen, 

Seven and twenty over every clan, 
To Kenneth son of Malcolm. 


Seven years Cusantin in direct line, 
And four the son of Dufif. 
Thirty years of chequered portions 
Was king of the mountains, Malcolm. 


Six years Duncan the pure. 

Seven years and ten the son of Finlay ; 

After Mecbeath with renown 

Seven months in the kingdom, Lugaidh. 


Malcolm is now the king, 

Son of Duncan of the yellow countenance. 

His duration no one knoweth 

But the knowing [one] who [alone] is knowing. 


Two kings and fifty (listen) 
To the son of Duncan of the ruddy countenance 
Of the race of Ere, high, clear in gold, 
Possessed Alban ^e learned). 




Ik presenting to the Club an accurate transcript of the ancient histori- 
cal poem, geneiallj termed the Albanie Duan, the editor is confident that 
it will be found to be one of the most interesting and valuable relics of the 
ancient history and literature of the Highlands of Scotland. Its great an- 
tiquity giyes it yery great value as an historical authority, and as the ear- 
liest specimen of the traditionary origins of the race which remains to us ; 
while, at the same time, it possesses additional interest from being an au- 
thentic specimen of Craelic poetry, of the eleventh century. This poem 
may be said to have been hitherto unpublished. A garbled and wretch- 
edly inaccurate copy was inserted in the appendix to Pinkerton's Enquiry ; 
but, as an authority or a specimen of the poem, its inaccuracy rendered it 
of no utility. A more accurate copy, from the Codex Stowensis, has since 
been printed by Dr O'Connor, in the very valuable work, " Berum Hiber- 
nicarum Scriptores Veteres," which was privately printed under his care, by 
the munificence of His Grace the Duke of Buckingham ; but as this va- 
luable work was not published, it has still remained nearly inaccessible. 
The present edition of this poem has been taken from that work,^ and it 
has now been accompanied, for the first time, by a literal English translation. 
The authenticity of the poem is undoubted ; and the editor cannot offer a 
better evidence of that fact, than the following extract from the sceptical 
Pinkerton, whose incredulity with regard to all Highland matters is weU- 
known : — 

"The Gaelic poem of Malcolm the Third's time is the most ancient mo- 
nvment of Ddlruidic history remaining, and deserves the greaJtest credit. The 
original of this piece is supposed to be in the Psaltair Cashail. It is quoted 
by Ward in Vita Bomualdi, p. 372 ; by Colgan, in his Trias, p. 115, 
by O'Flaherty, in his Ogyeia vindicated, p. 143 ; Kennedy, p. 150. This 
poem is beyond question the most ancient monument of Balriadic history 

'^ Besides its historical merit, it is also valuable for its curiosity as an 
ancient specimen of those metrical lists of kings which supplied the place 
of history in illiterate countries. Among the oldest monuments of our 
histoiy, is a metrical piece in Latin, written in the 16th century^ in elegiac 
measure, only beginning with Kenneth, 843 ; but this Duan is more valu- 
able, /rom its being old&r by two centuries, and that Latin piece is evidently 
on the model of those used in the vulgar idiom, before Latin was in such 
general use. Without this old Gaelic Duan, no series of the Princes of 
Dalriada could have been given, for many of them are not found, either 
in the Latin lists or in the Irish annals. Indeed, as the most ancient 
piece of Dalriadic history preserved, by near two centuries, this Duan 
would, by every rule of historic authority, have merited the preference.*' t 

This opinion, with regard to its authenticity and value, will be fully 
borne out by an examination of its contents ; and wherever it is found to 
differ from other authorities, its superior accuracy has always been esta- 

* Remm Hibernicamm Scriptores Yeteree ; Edit. Carolo O'Connor, S.T.D. Vol. I. Pro- 
legomena. Part I. p. cziir. 

t Pinkerton's Enquiry, voL 2, pp. 02.196. 


blished. It would lead to too great length here to enter into any general 
examination of its contents, as an historical authority ; it may be only ne- 
cessary to mention, that the reader will find in it the oldest specimen of 
those ancient traditions among the Highlanders regarding their origin, 
which John Elder, the Beddschanke, so pathetically laments having been 
superseded by the inventions of the " Papisticall curside spirituallitie of 

For the following short note regarding the poetical structure of the 
poem, the editor is indebted to the Rev. Dr Mackay : — " The rythm, it 
will be observed, consists of seven syllables in each line, with occasionally 
an eighth syllable in the second and third. In this structure, as in Latin 
verse, occasionally an open vowel is lost or sunk before a vowel begin- 
ning the word foUowing. The accentuation in this structure is uniform 
throughout with scarcely an exception. The concluding and the penul- 
timate syllable are alternately long or emphatic. When the final syllable 
is long, the penultimate is long in the line following, and the final syllable 
short. This structure of verse is altogether suited to the chaunting air in 
which the ancient Duans were recited by bards and seanachies. A variety 
or change is occasionally thrown in, as in the twenty-second stanza, where 
the two concluding lines end with a long and short syllable ; and in this 
instance it will be seen that the vowels in both lines are the same — i and 
a to perfect the simUarity and chime bliadhna and riaghla.'' 

In translating this poem into English, the editor has followed the same 
rule which guided him in his translation of the genealogical MS. of 1450, 
and the Norse Sagas ; and be has endeavoured, as much as possible, to ex- 
press the force and peculiar idioms of the original, although at the expense 
of correctness of language. The proper names have also, on the same 
plan, been preserved in their original form. The editor trusts, however, 
that in adhering so strictly to the original, he has not rendered the trans- 
lation less intelligible than it otherwise would have been. 

* Supra, p. 27. 


VOL. I. 





No. I. 


Ane Indentour maid at Forbes, the nynt day of August, the 
yeir of God ane thousand four hundreth and saxtiesewin 
yeiris, betwix ane Honourable Lord, William, Lord For- 
bes, Alexander Forbes of Pitsligo,f Alexander Forbes of Tol- 
quhoun, Arthur off Forbes and Johne off Forbes off Brux, on 
a pairt: and rycht honourable men, Duncan M^'inToshe, 
Cheiff and Captane of Clanchattanb, Huohon Boss, 
Barron of Kilraok, Allane M4ntoshe and Lauchlane 
M^ntoshe, brether to the said Duncane, on the tother pairt : 
proportis and bearis wittnes that it is fuUie appointit and ac- 
cordit betwix the saidis pairteis, in maner and forme as efter 
followis; That is to say, the foresaid Lord Forbes and his 
pairtie befoir wreitten, bindis and oblissis thame, baith for 
thalrselffis and all and sundrie thair kine, men, pairtie, and 
inheritouris that will inherit to them, to keep hartly friend- 
schipe, kinrente, love and kyndnes, and to tak oppin upricht 
pairt in all and sundrie thair causses and querrellis with the 
foresaid Duncane [and others above mentioned], and till all 
thair kin, &c. ; and iff ony maner of man scheapis or wald 
scheape for thair deidis, deserysone, banisching, or undoing, 
the said Lord Forbes and his pairtie, sail defend thame, &c. 

* From an old copy in the charter chest of Eilravock, communicated 
by Cosmo Innes, Esq. 

t Called Sir Alexander in the original indenture preserved at Castle 


baith be slicht and micht, and do for thame as for his awin per- 
sons, kin, or men, keipand his allegiance and service evir to our 
Sonerane Lord the King, and the said Alexander, Alexander, 
Arthour, and Johne Forbesses keipand thair allegiance to thair 
ower Lordis : And, in lyk manner, [follows a reciprocal obli- 
gation in precisely similar terms by Macintosh and his party] 
kepand thair allegiance ever to oure Souerane Lord the King, 
the said Duncane and Hutcheone kepand thair allegiance to 
the Erll of Ross :* And Mairattour ilk ane of the saidis pairties 
ar oblist to utheris that thai sail nevir ane of thame, na of thair 
men, for ony maner of mead, na or reward, to cum na gang to 
mak herschip, slachter, or disturbance on the uther pairty in 
ony tyme to cum ; and, that all and sundrie this accordance 
and appoyntment sail be leallie and trewlie keipit, but fraud 
or gyle to the langest levand of thame, or thair bairnys gottin 
off thame and all that cums aff thame, and this band per- 
petuallie till indure for evirmair ; and to the securitie of this, 
ather of the pairteis hes maid to uther the greit bodilie aith 
the haly evangell tuichitt; and quhasoevir brekis in onie of 
thir conditionis sail be haldin infamous, mansiwme, and re- 
nunce the faith of Chryst, and nevir to he hard in pruiff 
nor ivitnes, na ly in kirk nor Cristin berrial : -(• In witnes 
quhairof the foresaid pairties to thir indentouris interchange- 
ablie hes affixit thair seill for the langest leivand of ather 

No. II. 


Be it kend till all men be thir present lettreis, me, Farch- 
CAR Makintosche, sone and appeirand aire to Duncane 
Makintosche, Capitane of the Clanchattane, till be bundin 
and oblist, and be tenour of thir present lettres, and the fayth 
of ray bodie, lelely and trewlie byndis and oblissis me, to ane 

* John of Isla, last Earl of Boss and Lord of the Isles. 

t The penalties for non-fulfilment of this contract are particularly 
worthy of notice. 

X From the original among the Eilravock writs, communicated by 
Cosmo Innes, Esq. 


richt honourabill man, HuCHONB the Rois Babbonb of 
KiLBAYOCK, and to his sonis, his broder, kyn, and pairty, in 
afauld help, supple, mantennanss, and defenss in all actionis, 
caussis, and querrelUs thay half adow for all the yeiris of my 
lyve, exceptand myn allegianss to my Souerane Lord the 
King, and my fader in worschip, and to stand avyss and bynd 
at the consall of the said Huchone, Huchone his sone and ap- 
peirand aire and Alexander the Roiss, broder germane to the 
said Barronne, in all actionis, lesuni, and honest materis, [I] 
half or sail haif adoe in tyme to cam ; and the foirsaidis per- 
sonis sail be prlncipall off my consall, and I sail not delyver 
na ontgyve na mater that I sail haif adoe for out the avice, 
consall and assent of thir forsaidis personis, and speciallie the 
foirsaid Barrone, and Huchone his sone : And gyf that Ewyne 
Makachcane will cum befoyr Makintoische, my fader and 
me, and bynd him to underlye Makintoische, and acht personis 
chosin be thame wyth hyme, in all materis debaittabill betwix 
the foresaid Barrone and Ewyne; the foirsaid Makintoische 
and the acht personis beand sworine tyll gyve ilk ane of thame, 
als far as they have rycht or law, that aplesis me : And gyf 
the said Ewyne wyll nocht, I, the foresaid Farchcar, bindis 
and oblissis me to the said Huchone, &f^. aganis the said 
Ewyne and his pairty; and this to dow and fullfiU in all 
thingis, and be all thingis befoir written, the great aytht 
suorine, the haly evangelist tuichit, I, the foirsaid Farchcar, 
bindis and obligssis me to the said Huchone, &^. undir the 
pane of inhabilitie, perjurie, and infame, in the maist strait style 
and forme of bond or obligatioun that maid is, or can be de- 
vysit ; and als all landis, takkis, &^. quhilkis war in the handis 
of the foirsaid Barrone, &^. quhilkis that I haif intromettit 
wyth befoir the makyn of this band, I friely assignis and de- 
lyveris to thameselffis agane, in siclykwyiss as they had of 
befoir, and I sail nocht intromitt with na takkis na proiFeittis 
quhilkis thay haif, or sail haif in tym to cum, as our band pro- 
portis ; and gif it happynis the foirsaid Barrone, &*. to get 
takkis, or rowmiss in ony placeis, so that my rowmis be nocht 
meneyst, I bind and obliss me with all my power to help, sup- 
ple, manteyne, and defend to the utrest, under panis foresaid, 
all fraud, gile, or dilatour exceptioun postponit and outtayn. 
[Dated 24th September, 1481, but the place where signed is 
not mentioned. Not having a seal of his own, Farquhar affixes 
that of Henry Finlayson, Burgess of Inverness.] 

Follows a ratification of the above bond by the Captain of 
Olanchattan : — 


And als I, Dancane M^intosche, consentis and leyve giffis 
to my foresaid sone^ Farchcar^ to bind^ keip^ and fulfill this 
band with all circumstanceis before writtin : In lykwyiss 
levys the foresaid Barrone to bind with my said sone. In 
witnes heirof, &<*. [Duncan affixes his own proper seal to 
the deed,] 

No. III. 

OTHER PART, 1492.* 

At Dernwa the auchtene day of September, the yeir of God 
ane thousand four hundred and nynetie tua yeiris : It is ap- 
punctit and fuUelie accordit betwix honorabill and worschipfuU 
men, Alexander Dunbare of the Westpield, Knycht, 
and James Dunbar of Cumnock, knycht, on the ta pairt: 
and Farchar Makintoisch, sone and appeirand aire to Dun- 
cane Makintoisch, Capitane of the Clanquhattane, the said 
Farchare haifand power of the said Duncane as he allegit to 
the appunctment undirwrittin, to the quhilk appunctment he 
hes promittit to caus the said Duncane, his father, to gif his 
full consent be his seill to be appendit to the samyne, and in- 
strumentis to be tane thairupoun, on the tuther pairt, in maner 
and forme as efter followis : That is to say, that the said 
Alexander and Duncane sail obserf and keip kyndness and 
brethirheid to utheris as camale brethire suld do,-|* for all the 
dayis of thair lyffis, and the said Farchar is becumin sone and 
man to the said Schir Alexander for all the dayis of his lyfi^, 
and bruther to the said Schir James ; and the said Farchar and 
his airis in lykwyss to the said Schir James and his airis, are 

* The original of this interesting document is preserved in the West- 
field charter chest, now in the possession of Alexander Dunbar, Esq. of 
Scrabster, Caithness, the heir of line of the ancient family of the Dunbars 
of Westfield, sheriffs of Murray. 

t The meaning of the Latin word camalis when applied to a son or 
brother has often been matter of dispute. The use of the English words, 
"carnale brethire" in the text, clearly meaning " brothers-german/' may 
help to elucidate the true meaning of ccbmaMs^ in some instances hitherto 


to be bandin sonis and men for evir: For the qahilk man- 
rent, brotherheid, and service, the said Schir Alexander, 
with the consent of the said Schir James, his sone, sail give 
fra him and his airis to the said Farchar and his airis for 
evir the towne of Dnrris, with the pertinentis, lyand in 
the barony of Cardale, within the Sheriffdome of Inverness, 
as mail' fullelie sail be contenit in the chartour be the said 
Alexander, to be giffin to the said Farchar thairupoun ; And 
gif it hapnis the said Alexander and his aires to sell the laif 
of the landis of the Baronie of Cardale till ony mane, the 
said Alexander and his airis sail offer in selling the saidis 
landis to the said Farchar or his airis befoir ony utheris, he 
and his airis giffand thairfoir that utheris will profir: And 
the said Farchar sail haif Lorance Danbare, sone and ap- 
peirand aire to the said Schir James, to Jonat, his dochter, 
and failzeand thereof to Ezibell, his dochter, lauchful gottin 
in spoussage ; and failzeand of the said Lorance, his son and 
air, quhaevir he be : And the said Schir James, his airis and 
assigneyis, be the sicht aviss and deliverance of foure personis, 
thay ar to say, for the said Schir James Maister Gawane Dun- 
bare, Dene of Murreff, and Maister Alexander Sutherland, 
Viccar of Inueniess, and for the said Farchare, Alexander 
His of Lochelche* and Johne the Grant of Fruchy ; and gif it 
hapnis that the said personis may nocht be comprehendit to- 
gidder, or ony of thame deceiss the said pairteis sail cheis uther 
persoun or persounis to deliuer in the said mater, and the saidis 
personis to sit in Fores betwixt the dait heirof and the feist 
of Sanct Petir callit ad vincula next to cum, to deliver and 
decerne anent the said mariage; and gif it happnis the said 
foure personis that thai can nocht aggrie anent the composi- 
tioun of the said mariage thai haue chosin for thame baith to 
ouirsman our Lord Bischoip of Murreff, to ewyn the said com- 
positioun betwix thame : And in lykwyiss the said Schir James 
sail haif the said Farcharis sone and appeirand heir callit 
Farchare, and failzeand of him his aire quhatsumevir to the 
said Schir James' dochtir lauchfuUie gottyn, or for to be got- 
tyn, and failzeand of his dochtir gottyn, or to be gottyn lauch- 
full, the said Farcharis aire quhatsomevir he be sail marrie ane 
of the said Schir James brethir dochter, gottyn, or to be gottyn 
in spoussage ; that is to say, Johne of Dunbarris of Mochrem, 
Alexander Dunbarris, or David Dunbarris, quhilk of thair 
dochteris that pleiss the seid Farchar or his airis to cheiss, the 
said Schir James and his aire makand payment thairupoun 

♦ Afterwards Sir Alexander. He was nephew and, at this time, heir 
apparent to John, last Lord of the Isles. 


be the aviss of the said foure personis befoir expremit, and 
failzeand of thame quhatsamevir personis that pleis the saidis 
pairteis to cheis, and the saidis pairteis are bundin and oblist, 
and be the faithis of thair bodyis bindis and oblissis thame 
ilkane to utheris, to ryiss, supple, manteyne, and defend ilk- 
ane ntheris, thair men, kyn, freindis, pairty, pnrches and 
awerdance, in all and sindrie actionis, caussis and querrellis that 
ather of thame hes or sail haif in tyme cuming for evir, in con- 
trair all that live or die, exceptand thair allegiance to our 
Soverane Lord the King, and thair manrent to thair supe- 
riouris, the hie and mychtie Lordis, George, Erie of Huntlie 
and Lord of Baidzenauch, and Alexander, Lord Qordon ; and 
saifand the band maid be baith the saidis pairties to the said 
Johne the Grant of Fruchy, and the band outtayn maid be- 
twix the said Schir James and Alexander Innes of that ilk, of 
befoir to stand saif in onto the tym that it be ud- 

derstandyn be the law ane breyk betwix thame anent the said 
band ; and gif it hapnis the said Schir James and Alexander 
Innes to be drawin to Concorde and unitie, the said Schir 
James sail nocht aggrie with the said Alexander, for outyn the 
aviss and consent of the said Farchar giflf the said band beis 
dissolvit be the law : And gif thair hapnis ony brekkes, con- 
traverseis, actionis, or debaitis betwix the saidis pairteis or 
onie of thair men, kyn, or friendis, as God forbid it do, the 
saidis pairteis hes chosin certane personis or jugeis to sit and 
deceme upoun the saidis contraverseis, actionis, or debaittis, 
thay are to say for the said Alexander and James, a noble and 
mychtie Lord, Wilzhame, Lord Crychtoune, Wilzhame Su- 
thirland of DuSbus, David Boss of Balnagoyn, and Maister 
James Grant; and for the pairt of the saidis Duncane and 
Farchar, honorable men, Alexander His of Lochelche foresaid, 
Schir James Ogilvy of Deskfurde, knycht, John the Grant of 
Fruchy, and Waiter Ogilvy of [and gif it hapnis] 

that all the foirsaid personis may nocht be comprehendit to- 
gidder, that the personis or tua of euerie pairty foirsaid, de- 
cern anent the said debaittis, or ony uther personis in thair 
absens, that pleissis the said pairteis to cheiss ; and gif it 
hapnis, as God forbid it do, the saidis Alexander, James, 
Duncane, and Farchare, or thair airis, to breyk ather to utheris 
in the punctis abovewritten, the pairty brekar sail pay thrie 
thousand merkis of the usuale money of Scotlande, that is to 
say, ane thousand merkis to our Souerane the King, ane 
thousand merkis to the Cathedral Kirk of Murreff, and ane 
thousand merkis to the pairty keparis for costis, skaithis, and 


expensses sustenit be thame : And all and sindrie thir punctis 
abovewrittin to be observit and kepit, ilkane of the saidis pair- 
teis ar oblist and suorne to utheris, the haly evangelis tuicheit, 
the greyt aith suorne without fraude or gile, idl exceptioun 
of law, civil or canon, nevir to be proponit in the contrair : 
And Mairattour, gif ony of the saidis pairteis hapnis to breyk 
to utheris, as God forbid they doe, then the kyn and freindis 
to the party breker sail tak pairt in all maner of causis and 
actionis with the pairty kepare ; To the observing of the quhilk 
the principall men, kyn, and friendis beand thair present for 
the tyme, ar oblist and suorne, the halie evangelis tuicheit : 
And this contract the saidis pairteis hes ordanit to be extendit 
undir forme of Instrument be Notar, nocht variant the sub- 
stance of the samyne: In witnes of the quhilk to the pairt 
remanand with the saidis Schir Alexander, Schir James, and 
thair airis, the saidis Duncane and Farchare hes afiSxit thair 
sells ; and to the pairt remanand with the saidis Duncane and 
Farchare and thair airis, the said Alexander and James, for 
thame and thair airis, hes affixit thair selis; day, yeir, and 
place befoir writtin, befoir thir witnessis, James Crychtone, 
sone and appeirand aire to the said Wilzhame, Lord Crych- 
tone, Eobert Pryour of Pluscardyn, Alexander Dunbare, sone 
to the said Schir Alexander, Maister James Grant, David Dun- 
bare, Thomas Nycholson, Burges of Fores, Eobert Martyn, 
Viccar of Pettny, Wilzbam Alansoun, Donle Makgillecallum, 
Schir Johne Maky, Charlis Auchaneson, Ferchar Auchane- 
son, Donald Makfaill, Gylleis Makfaill, and Paul Makalaster, 
with mony utheris diverss. 

Detur Alexandro Dunbar et Jacobo sigillat. sigillis Dun- 
cani et Ferchardi Makintoisch. 

No. IV. 


Be it kend till all men be thir present lettres, us, Colin 
Erle of Ergyle, Forasmekle as our lovitt cousin Johne 
Makqfolb of Eaeray, lies gevyn us his Band of Manrent 
he and his airis till us and our airis perpetuall : Heirfoir we 

* Communicated by the late Sir William Macleod Bannatyne, from 
the original in his possession. 


bindis us, &<*. that we sail mantene, suple, and fortefe the 
said Johne and his airis in all and sundrie thair actionis, 
canssis, querrellis, and debaittis, in contrair all ntheris qnhat- 
sumevir, [the King and the Regent only excepted]; and gif 
ony pretend tyll do ony tryble, wexaciounis, &<*. in gudis or 
in persoune to the said Johne^ his ayris, men, tennantis, and 
servandis that on him depends, in our service, that we sail per- 
sew his aduersareis as law requyris, as a kind Lord and Mais- 
ter suld persew and follow ony that injures his kynd men and 
servandis, be justice and suple ay and aJs lang as the said 
Johne Makquole and his ayris kepis till us and till our ayris 
thair Band of Manrent as the self proportis. Dated at Dunune, 
22d March, 1521-2. 

No. V. 


Be it kend till all men be thir present lettres, us, Archibald 
Eble op Ergyle, to be bundin and oblist, Lykeas we bindis 
and oblissis us and our airis and successouris, to Niniane 
Bennachtin op THE Cammis, and till his airis hys someim, 
freindis and servandis, to manteyne, supple, and defend thame 
in all materis thay haif ado, baith in the Hieland and Lawland; 
And attour we, the said Erie, oblicis us and our airis to tak 
the said Niniane, his airis, kyn, freindis, and servandis, thair 
afauld part in all materis thay haif ado, als weill as we will do 
for ony utheris kynnismen or servandis within our Eriedome of 
Ergill, and sail manteyne and defend thame, alsweill as ane 
maister suld do for his servandis; and thairfoir the said Niniane 
bindis and oblicis himself and his airis, &<». to tak the said 
Erie and his airis pairt againis all men leifand, the kingis 
grace allanerlie accepit ; and the foresaid Niniane and his airis 
gyffis to the said Erie and to his airis thair caipiSyf in takyne 

* Communicated by the lat« Sir William Macleod Bannatyne, from the 
original in his possession. 

t The calp was an acknowledgment paid on the death of a vassal or 
clansman to his superior or chief. It seems originally to have been a Cel- 
tic custom, and to have been in Scotland adopted into the feudal system. 
It was identical, or nearly so, with the herezeld, or heriot, of England and 
the South of Scotland. 


of manrent, and for to be their gnde Lord and Maister, [to] 
manteyne tfaame ay quhen thay charge the said Archibald Erie 
of Ergyle. Dated at Inverary, 14th April 1538, before these 
witnesses, Golyn Campbell of Ardkinlass, Dougal Campbell 
his brother, Gillespick M^Allaster M^Evir, and Duncan 
M^Charlie of Innistreinzie* 

No. VI. 


We, James Duo of Chastellaurault, Erie of Arrane and 
Lord Hamilton, oblicis us to ane honorable man, James 
M«onele of Donnawik, That, Forsamekle as the said James 
hes promisit to us perpetuallie, for himself and his airis, to be 
ane guid freind to our Yle» of Arrane, and hes ouergevin the 
rycht and kyndnes that he hes, had, or may pretend to haif, 
in and to the landis of Ceskane, and to the Bailliarie of the 
ten penny land, baith within the said Yle of Arrane, and all 
uther rycht he hes to ony landis within tiie said Yle, except- 
and the fyve pund land of Corriglis and Cleuchtlanis, ^ertein- 
ing to Agnes Campbell, spouse to the said James, in conjunct 
fie, quhilk sail indure for her lyfetyme alanerlie, and the said 
James sail never clame kyndnes thairto sa sone as it sail hap- 
pin her to deceiss, or zit be evictit or win fra hir be the law, &**.. 
That we sail in all gudly best infeft the said James and Agnes 
Campbell his spouse, in conjunct fie, and his airis maill, and 
failzeing thairof the eldest famel, without divisioun, in all 
and haill the landis of Saddell, and keping of the place of the 
samin, quhilkis we haif of James, Bishop of Argyle, our bru- 
der, in fewferme, with thir clausses following : In the first, the 
said James, and his airis foirsaidis, sail pay the yeirlie dewteis 
of the saidis landis to the Bischop and his successouris contenit 
in our chartour, and mak the housses and place thairof patent, 
and ressave tbame thairintill as Maisteris sa oft as thay sail 
happin to requyre the samyn, siklik as we ar haldin to do be 
our infeftment : And farder, the said James and his airis sail 
mak the said housses patent, and ressave us and our airis as 

* Gen. Reg. of Deeds, vol. i., fo. 313. 


maisteris, sa oft as we being thair in proper persoun sail re- 
qnyre the samyn : Secundlie, That the said James and his airis 
sail nocht alanerlie be himself, his servandis, freindis, and pairt- 
takaris of his causing, command, assistance or ratihabitioun, 
commit ony invasionis, reiffis, slauchteris, somyngis or oppres- 
sionis, within our said Yle of Arrane ; bot alsua sail manteyn 
and defend the samyn be thame selfSss, kyn, freindis, servan- 
dis, and pairttakarris, fra all utheris thay may stop or guidlie 
lett that sail attempt to do siclyke oppressionis or injureis 
upoun our said Yle : And in caice the said James or his airis 
failzeis in ony of the saidis clausis aboun expremit, and ane 
Declaratour gevin thairupoun be ordour of justice (quhilk God 
forbid) the said few or infeftment maid or to be maid to the 
said James and his airis, sail expire, and be haldin of nane 
avale, fe^'. &*».* Dated at Edinburgh, 12th May 1556. 

No. VII. 


At Stirling, the xvin. day of Merche, the yeir of God 
ane thousand fyve hundreth fyftie and sex yeiris : J It is ap- 
pointit and aggreit betwix ane nobill and mychty Lord Aechi- 
BALD Erle of Ergile, Lord Campbell, &<*. and Archibald, 

* James Macdonald granted on the same day an obligation to the Duke 
in the terms required, with the following additions : — " Finallie, we [that 
is James and his heirs] obiiss us to fortefie and concur with James, Bischop 
of Argyle, my said Noble Dukis bruther, his seryandis and factouris, in in- 
bringing and upgetting of all and haill his males, teindis, and utheris dew- 
teis perteiuing to him, within the boundis of Kintire, and sail nocht molest 
or trubill him nor thame thairintill, but fortefie thame in the samyn, 
requyring the Tennentis for payment usit and wont.*' Macdonald like- 
wise bound himself to procure from his cousin, " Johne M*oneill, alias 
M'anguss elay,"* a Renunciation of any right the latter might pretend 
to the lands and Bailliary in Arran, through a grant by the former. — Oen. 
Reg, of Deeds, vol. i., fo. 347. 

t Gen. Reg. of Deeds, vol. ii., fo. 111. 

X Prior to 1600, in Scotland the year began on the 25th of March : 
hence, that portion of the year from 1st January to 24th March always 
appears to be dated in the year preceding that which would be used un- 
der the style introduced in 1600. 

* Properly Uaehf a same adopted from the Island of Isla. 


Lord of Lome, his sone, on that ane pairt, and JoHNE M^CouLL 
OF DuNOLLYCHT, now presentlie in waird, on that uther pairt, 
in this maner: The said Erie and his sone licensis the said 
Johne M^^CouU to pas to libertie and fredome quhair he pleissis 
outwyth the boundis of Ergile and Lome, on the north side of 
Strathfillane, kepand him forth of the boundis of Ergile and 
Lome foirsaid, quhill Mertymes nixt to cum: And in the 
menetyme hes ressavit the said Johnnis freindis in service and 
kyndnes in sik maner as they wer afoir the said Johnnes takin, 
and costand their guid Lordis accordinglie, as they mak thame 
causs ; and in the menetyme, the said Johnnes Deputis Bail- 
lies sail use his o£Sce of Baillierie,^ and all utheris his privi- 
legeis as accordis, Li k as he nsit of befoir without soimyng : 
For the quhilkis causses the said Johne MakcouU bindis and 
oblissis him to keip, and causs be kepit, his castell and place of 
Dunollych furth of the handis of all tratouris and rebeUis, and 
fra all enemyis eftar his power to the auctoritie and realme of 
Scotland, to the faith and obedience of the Quenis gi^ace, So- 
verane thairof, and the Quenis grace her moder, Dowerar and 
Begent of the samyn, and to the saidis Erie and his sone and 
thair airis, as his owirlordis accordinglie, as pertenis to ane trew 
subject and gude Scottisman to do : And gif thair hapnis to 
cum ane greit army to assege the said castell, that the said 
Johne may nocht resist thame, he sail mak wairning to the 
authoritie, the saidis Lordis or thair airis, with all diligence 
possibill : And gif it hapnis that na nor uther 

new appunctment cumis betwixt the saidis pairteis betwix this 
day and the feist of Mertymes nixt to cum, the said Johne ob- 
lissis him, gif he be leifand, to enter agane in waird at the said 
fest to the samyn place quhair he depairtis fra, callit Castell 
Campbell.f [Colin Campbell of Glenurchy, James Camp- 
bell of Lawers, Duncan Campbell of Glenlyoun, John Mac- 
dougall of £aray, and John Campbell of Murthle, became 
sureties for the performance of his part of the contract by John 
Macdougall of Dunolly, under the penalty of 5000 merks.] 

* Macdougall of Dunolly was heritable Baillie of Lorn under the Earl 
of Argyle. 

+ The mother of this John Macdougall of Dunolly was Anne Macleod 
(charter 19th December 1635, in ch. chest of Dunolly), who seems to 
have been a lady of the Lewis family ; and as in 1555, or the preceding 
year, Macleod of Lewis, with other islanders, was in rebellion, it is most 
probable that Macdougall had been implicated with the rebels through 
his connection with the Macleods. 


No. VIII. 


At Dunune, the first day of March e, the yeir of Qod ane 
thousand fy ve hundreth fyftie nyne yeiris : It is accordit, agreit, 
and finallie accordit, betwix ane nobill and potent Lord, 
Archibald Erle of Ergyll, on that ane pairt, and Tor- 
MOD M^'Cleoid, sone to [umquhile] Alexander M<^cloid of 
the Herre, as principall in this contract, and Hector Maklane 
of Doward, as principall favourar and Tutour to the said Tor- 
mod, on the uther pairt, in maner, forme and effect as efter fol- 
lowis : That is to say, Forsamekle as the said Erie hes re- 
deemit and obtenit the said Tormod oute of the captivitie and 
enemeis handis, quhairin he wes with Prenschemen ;*f- Yitt 
the said Erie obligis him to fortefie, help and set ford wart the 
said Tormod to wyne and jois the heritage and rowmis that 
pertenit to his fader and brather of Here, with the pertinentis, 
Tewedes [?] and Glenelge, and all uther boundis quhairof 
thay have auld titill of heretage in speciall, and sail be ane guid 
Lord and Maister to the said Tormod in all his actionis and 
just caussis ; and to the effect that the same may come the bettir 
fordward, hes deliverit the said Tormod to the said Hectour to 
be helpit and fortefeit : For the quhilk caussis the said Tormod, 
be thir presentis, giffis and grantis his band of manrent, his 
faythfull and trew service, with all his kyn and freindis, and 

* From the original, in the charter chest of Dunvegan, by permission 
of the late John Norman Macleod of Macleod. The ancestors of that 
gentleman were styled variously in old writs, of the Ha/rris, of Dunvegan, 
and of Glenelg, 

t It is probable that some of the French auxiliaries, who, during the 
Regency of Mary of Guise, were much employed in maintaining the in- 
ternal tranquillity of Scotland, had secured the person of Tormod Mac- 
leod. His claim to the old estates of the family, it may be necessary 
here to explain, was legally inferior to that of his niece Mary, only 
daughter and heiress of his late brother, William Macleod of Harris. 
Hence the necessity for some powerful interference in his behalf. The 
documents connected with the succession to the estates of Harris, Dunve- 
gan, and Glenelg, which were finally established in the person of this Tor- 
mod Macleod, the heir-male^ are so curious that the Editor has been in- 
duced to throw them into a separate series in the present number of the 


his airis and successouris of the Herrie, to the said Erle^ his 
airis and successouris of Ergyll, perpetuallie ; als sail not marie 
hot with avyss of the said Erie, quhais counsall he sail tak in 
mareing ane wyf; and being stableisit in his rowmis of the 
Herrie and Tewedess, sail pay the valor or esbimatioun of the 
availl of the ward and manage of the Herie and the laboris and 
travellis of the said Erie to him and to the said Hectour, to be 
devydit as the said Erie thinkis caus betwix him and the said 
Hectour Maklane ; and in caiss the said Tormod faill in ony 
pairt of the premisses, he is content to be countit unworthie to 
bruike ony rowme of ane gentillman for evir in Scotland, bot to 
be perpetuallie defamit ; and als the said Hectour to be perpe- 
tuall enemie to him, dissolving the band of kyndnes that is be- 
twix thair houssis, in all tymis to cum ; and als the said Tormod 
nocht to pas in the northe His, bot with the avyss and licence of 
the said Erie at his first passage thair ; and in cais his freindis 
cumis to him that thai ratefie and approve this band, befoir his 
depairtyng to the Northe. [Signed by the Earl with his own 
hand, and by the others through a notary] befoir thir wit- 
nesses, Coline Campbell of Bochquhan,* Colyne Campbell of 
Ardkynlass, and Maister Archibald Campbell of Dannay. 

No. IX. 


Ai Perth, let August 1569. 

The quhilk day, in presence of my Lord Regentis Grace 
and Lordis of Secreit Counsale, Compeirit thir pairteis undir- 
writtin, and desyrit this decreit arbitrall to be actit and regis- 
trart in the buikis of Secreit Counsall, to haif the strenth of 
ane act and decreit thairof ; Quhilk dessyir being thocht res- 
sonabill, his Grace, with avyiss of the saidis Lordis, Decernis 
the samyn Decreit to be actit and registrat, &<»., quhairof the 
tennour followis : — 

At Pebthe, the first day of August, the year of God, ane 
thousand fyve hundreth saxtie nyne yeiris : The variances, con- 

* Brother to the Earl, and his successor in the Earldom, 
t Begistrum Secreti ConcilU, Acta. 


traverseis, debaittis, depradationis, incursionis, slauchteris, her* 
schippis, and all utheris comittit and standing in questioun 
betwix Donald Goemesoun* of Skye, his freindis, servan- 
dis, tennentis and dependents, on that ane pairt, and Coline 
M«Kenzie op Kintaill, Johne M«Canze of Garloch, and 
the remanent his kyn, freindis, servandis and dependentis, on 
that uther pairt, being referrit and corapromittit in the persoun 
of ane nobili and michtie Lord, Jambs Eble op Mueeay, 
Lord Abirnethie, Ebgent to our Souerane Lord his realme 
and liegis, personalie acceptand the samyn in presence of the 
saidis pairteis, His Grace havand certane of the Secreit Coun- 
sale present with him, and at lenth advisand and consultand 
with the enormiteis and offensses comittit be ather of thame, 
and willing to reduce the saidis pairteis to thair pristine amite, 
freindschip and k3mdnes, baith for thair awin weillis and the 
commoun weill and publict commoditie of the cuntre, and oure 
Soverane Lordis liegis thairabout evill handillit and oppressit, 
Decebnis, Decretis, Deliveris, and for finall sentence and 
bande arbitrall pronunceis, That ather of the saidis parteis 
takand the burding on thame for thair kyn, freindis, servandis 
and pairt takaris, sail forgive, bury, extinct and forgett all 
maner of slauchteris, heirschippis, spulzeis, depradationis, fyre- 
raisingis, dampnages, injureis, and distructionis comittit be 
thame or ony of thair causing and command in ony times by- 
gane befoir the dait heirof ; Lyke as ather of the saidis pair- 
teis be thir presentis consentis thairto, avowis and confirmis the 
samyn, and sail entir in reconsiliatioun^ freindschip and amytie 
ilk ane with utheris, remane and abyd thairin in all tymes 
cuming, according to the dewtie of Goddis servandis and thair 
Princes dewtifoll subjectis, lawis of Ood and man: And in 
speciall decernis and ordanis the said Donald to cans Rory 
M^aUan, alias nevynnauch, and all utheris, the said Donaldis 
kyn, &^. desist and ceiss fra all trubling, molesting, harming 
or invasioun of the said Lard of Garlauchis landis, rowmes, 
possessionis, tenentis, servandis, and gudis, in ony tymes cum- 
ing, and suffir him and thame peciabillie brouke and joyiss the 
samyn in all tymes cuming, as thair heretage at thair plessour ; 
and upoun the same pairt in cais the said Rory nevynnauch will 
nocht obey, stand, and abyd at this Decreit, the said Donald 
sail, Lyke as, in that caiss he be thir presentis dischargeis him- 
self of the said Borie, and [will] nather support, ayde, nor gif 

* So called patronymically from his father Donald Gorme, i,e, blue- 


him ony maner of maintenance, nor sufiSr ony of his freindis, ser- 
vandis, tennentis, landis or boundis, ressave or gif him help or 
residence in ony sort, bot expel and hald him of the same, and in- 
vaid and persew him at thair uttirmost, as thai sail answer to my 
Lord Begentis Grace, upoun thair dewitie and obedience : And 
on the uther pairt, decernis and ordanis Goline M^cainze of 
Kintaill to cans TorquiUe M'Cloide, alias Connelavch* and all 
utheris, his freindis, servandis, and pairttakaris, desist and ceiss 
fra all trubling, harmyng, molesting, or invasioan of the said 
Donald Gormesoun, his landis, &<»., in ony time cuming, and 
suffir him peciabillie brouke, joiss, and use the samyn in all 
tymes cuming, as his heretage and kyndlie rowmes, conforme 
to his rychtis and tytillis thairof ; and in caiss the said Torquile 
M^Ciaude refuiss [obligation by Mackenzie the same, mutatis 
mutandis, as that given above by Donald Gormesoun, regard- 
ing Rory nevynnauch]. And Attoub, in caiss ony slauch- 
teris, raurthouris, or heirschippis beis comittit be onie of the 
saidis pairteis freindis, tennentis, and dependentis, byf the 
pairteis forsaidis awin avise and command, in that caiss the 
pairtie grevit sail complene to the uther, and dessyir reforma- 
tioun, assyithment and amendis ; And gif he refuissis, sail nocht 
revenge and seik satisfactioun be his awin force and pouer, bot 
seik the same be the ordinar course of justice and lawis of this 
realme : Qnhairunto ather pairtie, be thir presentis, as thai ar 
of dewtie obleist, restrictis thame, secludand and dischargeand 
all uther meane and way of revenge and amendis takand : And 
in cais, as God forbid, ony of the saidis pairteis, thair friendis, 
servandis, tennentis, and dependaris, failye thairin, or dois in 
contrair heirof ; In that caiss my Lord Eegentis Grace willis 
and pronunceis him to be plane and open inemy to the pairtie 
failyeand, and will defend, assist, and manteyne the pairtie grevit 
at his uttermaist: And als Declairis in that caiss, all heirschippis, 
crymes, slauchteris, fyre-raisingis, and utheris offensses abone 
dischargeit and tane away be this present compromit, sail be 
agane walkynit, and restorit in the same place thay war befoir 
the making heirof, to be persewit and followit be the pairtie of- 
f endit, siclyke and in the samyn maner and conditionis, in all re- 
spectis, as if this present Decreit had never bein maid nor gevin.^ 

* This is the same individual styled Torquii Macleod of Coigache ; 
supra, p. 43. Conndcmch is an error for Chrmanach, an epithet applied to 
him from his having been brought up among the Mackenzies, his mother's 
relations, on the banks of the river Connan, in Ross-shire. 

t By, i.e. without 

t The feud thus ended by the mediation of the Regent Murray, although 
evidently one of a very serious nature, is unnoticed in any of the histories 


No. X. 


Be IT EEND till all men and sundrie to quhome it effeiris we 
Archibald Erle of Argyle Lord Campbell and Lome 
Justice and Chancellor of Scotland &^. &**. to have resavit our 
lovitts DUNCANE ABBROCHEf MacGregour, Patrick Mac- 
Gregour, AUaster Skorrniche M^Gregour, Malcollum M^'Gre- 
gour, Patrik AuillocheJ M^Gregour and Dougall M^Gre- 
gour the saidis Duncanes bredrene, thair airs and offspring in 
our mantenance and also in our airs protectioun and deffence 
in all their juste and lesum materis againis all maner of mane 
the auctorite of Scotland beand exceptit The saidis Duncane 
M^Gregour and the rest brederen their airis and offspring 
beand leil and trew to us and our airls and to serf us at all 
tymes we please to chairge thame to thair powar and als 
the foirsaidis to be of reull in all tymes cumin as trew and 
civile subjectis of our Soverane the Kings Majestic And giff 
ony hes to say to thayme for ony thing that sail chance fra 
this farther, to call thame or ony of thame according to the 
order of law and equall justice sail be ministrat to the vss of 
this realme with certificatioun giff ony wuld intrud againis 
thame or ony of thayme 6y§ the law that we sail be thair 
pairty and nocht thay, seeing thayme applyable to the law; 
and Willis thir presents to be maid manifest in all placis neidful 

printed or in MS., relating to the Highlands, which the editor has had an 
opportunity of perusing. Its origin may be traced to an attempt on the 
part of Donald Gormesoun to revenge on the Mackenzies the death of his 
father, who, in the prosecution of a claim to the Earldom of Ross and 
Lordship of the Isles, lost his life when besieging Mackenzie's Castle of 
Elandonan, in Kin tail], about 1539. 

* Communicated to the Editor by James Dennistoun of Dennistoun, 
Esq., from the original, among the Luss papers. 

t Properly Abrach, an epithet derived from the district of Lochaber, 
where, owing to the murder of his father, Duncan Macgregor had to take 
shelter in hia youth with the Camerons, his mother's kin. 

X Properly Athalach, an epithet derived from the district of Athole, 
whither, on his father^s murder, this Patrick fled for protection. He and 
his brothers were natives of Glendochart in Breadalbane. 

§ By, i.e. loUhout 



Be this subscryvit with our hand at the Carrick the zziiij. 
day of August 1673. Sic, Subscribitur AsP Eaball 

Abgtll. — And for the mair verificatioune caust aflSxe our 
signet hereto &^. 

The names of thair airis and ofbpring conteinit in this band 
and of thayme selfis that is presentlie in lyff Duncan Abbrach 
M<^Gregour, Robert M^Gregour his sone Duncan and 

Alsua his sonis,* Allaster Skerich M^Gregour, 
Dousall and his sones, Patrik Auloch M®Gre- 

gour Duncan his sones, Jhone M^Gregour in 

Morinch sone to Patrik Dow, and Patrick M^Gregour, brether 
to the said Johne.f 

No. XL 


Be it eend till all men be thir present lettreis me Angus 
M^CoNAiLL OF DUNAVAIG AND Glennis Bindis and Oblissis 
me and my airis to fortefie, manteyne, supple and defend Ni- 
NIANE Bannachtyne OF Kames, Hector Bannachtyne his 
sone and appeirand aire and thair airis in all and sindrie thair 
jast honest and lauchfull actionis, causis, querrellis and de- 
baittis quhatsumever, thai sail happin to haif to do in all tyme 

* Patrick, one of these sons, was the direct ancestor of the present Sir 
Evan John Murray MacGregor of MacGregor, Baronet* 

t The Editor has lately ascertained that about 1633, when Bobert and 
Patrick, sons of Duncan Abrach, had been expelled from Breadalbane by 
their hereditary foes, the OampbeUs of Glenurchy, they actually dwelt in 
Argyleshire, under Sir Donald Campbell of Ardnamurchan, and received 
each of them a pension from the family of Areyle. The pension given to 
Robert was L.100 Scots. There ctm be little doubt that the seventh 
Earl of Argyle, although at one time so conspicuous for his severity against 
the Clan Gregor, and his son Lord Lorn, who, in 1633, was acting as 
head of his house, were influenced in giving these pensions by the recol- 
lection of the Bond of Maintenance to this particular tribe of the Clan 
Gregor, here printed. It is probable, also, that the pensioners, one of 
whom, Bobert, was a celebrated warrior, evinced their gratitude to the 
family of Argyle, by assisting Sir Donald Campbell in maintaining order 
in the district of Ardnamurchan, in those times no easy task. 

!|! Communicated by the late Sir William Macleod Bannatyne from 
the original in his possession. 


cuming contrar all leving, the auctorite and my lord Erie of 
Ergyle only except; For the quhilkis causis and utheris re- 
spectis the saidis Niniane and Hector for themselffis and thair 
airis Bindis and Oblissis tliame and thair airis in the stratest 
maner that can be devysit to. serve, obey and tak ane afatild 
pairt with the said Angus M^Conaill and his airis in all and 
sundrie thair actionis, &®*. contrar all leving, the auctorite and 
the Erie of Ergyle only except. [Dated at the Eames 16th 
May 1577 before these witnesses Donald Camrone of Loch- 
abir, John dow M*^Rannald moir v° allester in Kilchummaig, 
with others ; and subscribed by Angus Macdonald and Hector 
Bannatyne ; the latter subscribing also for his father who can- 
not write.] 

No. XII. 


Att Invernes the penult day of May the yeir of God ane 
thousand fyve hundredth and four scoir sevine yeiris : Forsa- 
mekle as it is appointit agreeit concordit and finallie con- 
tractit and endit betwix rycht honorabill men That is to say, 
Donald Gorme of Slaitte for himselflf and takand the bur- 
dyne upoun him for Angus M^James Lord of KiNTYRE,f 
with the remainder of thair haill kyn of Clandonald and de- 
pending upoun the said house thairof on that ane pairt and 
Lauohlanb M^Intosche of Dunachtane for himself and 
takand the burdyne upoun him of his haill kyn of Clanchat- 
TANE on the uther pairt in maner forme and eflfect as eftir 
followis : That is to say the said Donald Gorme for himself 
and takand the burdyne upoun him in maner foirsaid Bindis 
and Oblissis him and thame faithfullie. lelelie and truelie and 
thair airis of Clandonald to aid assist concur fortefie man*- 
teyne and defend the said Lachlane M^Intosche and his airis 

* From the original in the possession of the Right Honourable Lord 

t This is the same person who, in the immediately preceding docu- 
ment, styles himself of Dunyveg and the Glens. He is here called 
M' James after his father James Macdonald of Dunyveg and the Glens. 


thair haill kynn and dependentis of the foresaid kyn of Clan- 
cfaattane and sail tak ane afauld, gade, lele and sufficient 
pairt with the said Lachlane M^^Intosche and his foirsaidis in 
all and quhatsumevir thair acdonis, caussis, querrellis, de- 
baittis, invasiounis and persute socht or meuit directlie or 
indirectlie in contrair the said Lachlane M^Intosche and his 
foresaidis be quhatsomevir degrie, dignity or estate ; the 
kingis sacred Majestie his consorte Royal and my Lord Erie 
of Ergyle beand exceptit for the pairt of the said Donald 
Oorme and his foirsaidis allanerlie: and to this effect the 
said Donald Gorme takand the burdyne upon him of the re- 
manent of his kyn of Clandonald and with thame consentis 
to the utmost of thair poueris with the consent and assent of 
the said Angus M^James Lord of Eentyre and his airis being 
interponit heirto, shall ratefie approve and confirm this pre- 
sent band and contract to stand ferme and stabill perpetuallie 
but violatioune thairof for evir and in all tyme coming betwix 
the said houss of Clandonald and the said houss of the said 
Lachlane M^Intosche of Dunachtane and his foresaid kyn of 
Clanchattane for quhatsumevir occasioun sail be offerit to 
ather of the said housis alsweill and in als gude effect as wes 
of auld betwix thair foirbearis of gude memorie in tymes by- 
gane : And the said Lachlane M^Intosche bindis and obleissis 
himselff and his foirsaidis in the selfsamyn maner respective 
abonewrittin cairfullie and lelelie and truelie to the utmost 
of his pouer to concur assist fortefie manteyne and defend 
the said Donald Gorme with his remanent kinn of Clandonald 
and sail tak ane afauld, lele, trew and sufficient pairt with the 
said Donald Gorme and his foirsaidis in all thair actionis 
caussifl querreUis debaittis invasiounis and persutes directly or 
indirectlie that sail happin to be menit socht or ony wayes in- 
terposit in thair concerne be quhatsumevir degrie dignitie or 
estate doing the samen except allenarlie the kingis sacred 
Majestie his consorte Royal and my Lord Erie of Ergyle 
[Huntlie?]; and to this effect the said Lachlane M^'Intosche 
Bindis and Obleissis him and his foirsaidis in all tyme cuming 
to hald firme and stabill to the tennour of this present [band ; 
and] for accompleisment and fulfilling of this band and forme 
of contract to continue and remane without violatioune or 
breck for him and his foirsaidis as wes of auld betwix the said 
Clandonald and his foirbearis in tyme bygane obleissis him 
and his foirsaidis that be na maner of waye sail aim in contrair 
heirof; provyding always That gif it sail happin the said 
Donald Gorme or his foirsaidis kyn respective abonewrittin 


to fall in actione or debaitt and querrel with lionorabill men 
Coline M^^Kenze of Kintaill, Rorye M^Leod of Harries thair 
kyn and freindis be quhatsumevir waye and maner it sail be 
effect, that in that cais befoir the said Donald Qorme and his 
foirsaidis sail half anie medling interes or persute with the said 
Coline M^Keuze and Rorye M°Leod thair kyn in thair place 
for the tyme that the said Donald Gorme and his foirsaidis 
sail trusty use and desyir the afauld opinione and counsel of 
the said Lachlane M^Intoshe of Dunanchtane and his fore- 
saidis in pressing and resisting the malice, injureis [and] ac- 
cidentis sail happin to be comittit and done be the said Colene 
M^Kenze and Rorye M*^Leod of Harris, thair kyn and 
freindis upoun the said Donald Qorme; and the said Lach- 
lane M^Intosche eftir gude avisionell and mature deliberatioun 
hed, sene and considderit upoun the said injureis and offenssis 
sail afauldlie choin, concurr and assist with the said Donald 
Gorme and his foirsaidis in thair opinionis eftir the occasioun 
and force offerit as said is bv/t* onye furder delay or exceptioun 
in ony tyme cumyng. lu witnes quhairof hes subscrivit this 
presentt contract with thair handis day yeir and place fore- 
saidis, befoir thir honorabill men James M<^Intosche of Gyk, 
Angus M*^Intosche of Termit, Rory Macquein Subdicayne 
of Ross, Rory Balye of Denane and Robert Weir Notar 

(To be continued in a future Part,) 



No. I. 


At Edinburgh Mth September 1566. 

FoRSAMEKiLL as it hes plesit God to oppin ane greit como- 
ditie to the commoun weill of this realme throw the fischeing 
of Lochbroume and utheris Lochis of the north seyis; and 
eftir that diverss strangearis had maist ernistlie requirit license 

* Buty i.e. wiUwut f Begistrvm Secreti Condlii, Acta, 


of our Soverauis* to fische in the saidis Lochia, Thair Majes- 
teis thinking the mater partlie to concerne the estait of mar- 
chandis, callit in presens of thair secreit connsall certane per- 
sonis of thair burghis and sey tounis qnalifeit and experimentit 
in fischeing and inquireit of thame the apparent commoditeis 
liklie to follow of the said fischeing and quhat skayth and 
dampnage micht happin gif the samyn wer usit be strangearis 
or thai permittit to half the trade thairof : eftir quhais opinio- 
nis and jugementis hard and considderit Thair Majesteis with 
advyiss of thair said secreit counsall Statutis and Obdakis 
that na strangearis of quhatsumevir natioun thai be of, cum to 
the saidis Lochis and use the commoditie of the said fischeing 
in ony tynie to cum, but the samyn to be onlie usit be the 
borne subjectis and inhabitantis of this realme undir the pane 
of confiscatioun of the schippis and gudis of all strangearis that 
sail be fund at the said fischeingis and punisching of thair per- 
sonis at oure soveranis will : Nochtwithstanding gif ony Scot- 
tismen hes alreddy frauchtit strangearis schippis to the said 
fischeing, — upoun thair supplicatioun oure Soveranis will grant 
thame license for this yeir ; Thay bringand a certificat fra the 
Provest and Bailleis of the toun quhair thay dwell that the 
Scottismen frauchtaris of the saidis strangearis schippis ar of 
sufficient pouer and abilitie to furneiss the ladyning thairto of 
thair a win proper gudis : And this exceptioun for this instant 
yeir allenarlie to induir. 

No. II. 


At Holyrood-house, IGth July 1574. 

Anent the complaint maid to my Lord Regentis Grace and 
Lordis of Secrete Counsall be Issobel Barthilmo relict of 
umquhile Robert Guidlett Marjmer in Kinghorn, Makand 
Mentioun That quhair hir said umquhile spous being at the 
fischeing the last yeir in the north Ills at the loch callit 

* Mary Queen of Scots and King Henry (Damley). 
t Registrum Secreti Conduit Ada, 



Lochstrone within the dominioun of Anguss M*alexander of 
Glengarry, wes in the hinderend of harvist last bipast crew- 
allie set upoun and slane be Panter and utheris his 

compliceis duelland within the said Anguss his dominioun* and 
ar his tennentis as scbe is suirlie informit &^: — [Glengarry 
and the complainant being both present before the Council] 
My Lord Regentis Grace*!- with auise of the saidis Lordis or- 
dainis the said Anguss of his awin consent to affix and hald 
Courtis als oft as neid beis within his boundis and dominioun 
and put the committaris of the said cryme to the knawledge of 
ane assyiss of the marohandis and marynaris that first sail 
happin to arrive at Lochstrone or Lochcarroun at the nixt 
fiscbeing ; and as thai sail happin to be fund culpable or inno- 
cent to minister justice upoun thame conforme to the lawis of 
this realme: Gevand, grantand and comittand to him full 
pouer and comissioun to this effect be thir prescentis« 

No. III. 


At Ediriburghy 2Qtk June 1576. 

The quhilk day Eory M^Cloid of the Lewis and Tor- 
quill M^'Cloid his sone and appeirand aire become actit and 
obleist that thay be thamselffis and takand the burding^ upoun 
thame for thair Eyn, freindis, servandis, tenentis, a^teris, 
and pairt takaris sail behave thameselfSs as dewtifuU and obe- 
dient subjectis to oure Soverane Lord and his authoritie ; that 
thay sail observe and keip his Hienes peace and gude ordour 
in the cimtre in tyme cuming : And on na wyis molest stop 
troubill or mak impediment to ony his Majesteis subjectis in 
thair lauchful trade of fischeing in the Lochis of the Lewis or 
utheris the north ylis of this realme : nor uthirwayis raise ony 
toivisty extortium or impositioun upoun thame bot to use 
thame as oure Soverane lordis ffude subjectis, causand thame be 
ansaerit of meit drink and utheris thair nei^ris upoun ''thair 
ressonabill expenssis in all tymes heireftir as thay will ansuer 
upoun thair obedience and undir all hieast pane &<^. 

* Supra, p. 42, note 53. t James, Earl of Morton. 

;[; Begistrum Secreti ConcUU^ Acta, 


No. IV. 


llth Nov&mher 1586. 

Burrowis contra Hielandmem 

Anent cure Soverane Lordis lettres rasit at the instance of the 
haill inhabitantis of the Burrowis of this Realme, Mak- 
and naention That quhair it is nocht unknawne to his Ma- 
jestic and Lordis of Secrete Counsale quhat greit proffite 
and commoditie hes redonndit to all esteatis of personis within 
this realme be the trade of fischeing in the north pairtis and 
lies of the sainyn, Seeing thairby nocht only is his Hienes 
customis greitlie advancit besyde the furneissing his awin 
houssis and the houssis of all esteatis of personis within this 
realme be the said fischeing upoun ressonabill pryceis ; bot als 
the idill men and vagaboundis quhilkis uthirwayis wald be sus- 
tenit as idill belleis on the sweit of uthir menis browis, ar be 
thair awin wark and labour sufficientlie fumissit and uthirwayis 
brocht to ane civile forme of leving to the greit ease and co- 
moditie of the commounwelth of the cuntrey : Quhilkis being 
forsene be his Majesteis maist nobill progenitouris, King James 
the Fyft and thaireftir be the Queue Dowerare Regent of 
this realme for the tyme, wer nocht onlie maist cairfull to bring 
the said fischeing to practise, bot sum of thame be thair awin 
presens in the saidis pairtis did quhat in thame lay to repress 
all sic as maid hinderance thairto, sua that be interponing thair 
authoritie the saidis complenaris and thair predicessouris occu- 
piit the said trade of fischeing frelie and without impediment, 
for payment of every lust of fischeis to be had in the said lies 
to the maister of the ground for ground leave anchorage and 
all uther asiamentis and deweteis iij" iiij^ onelie ; By and at- 
toure his Majesteis ordinar custumes pait to his Hienes Cus- 
tumaF at ane frie port befoir tliay receave thair cocquett, ac- 
cording to the la wis and actis of Parliament : Nochttheless 
Donald Gorme in the Sky ; M^Cleud, Hereiss, thair ; James 
M^Konnell of Sklaittay ; Doule M^'Kanzie of Lochkames ; 

* Begistrum Secreti CoTicilii, Acta, 



Johne M^Kynnand* of Lochslaban ; Rory M^^Kalland of Loch- 
gair ;-|- Hucheoun M^Kgillespy of Troutemes ; Doncane Raw- 
say of that ilk;J John M^Bjsinzie of ; Rory 
M«Kanzie of Lochgarlin ; Kanyeoch M^Kmurroquhy of Glaos- 
garoy ; Donald M^Kado, Bailie at the Logy ; Allaster Neil- 
soun ; Coline M^Kanzie of Kintale ; Torquhill M^'Cloyd of the 
Cogoych; Robert Munro of Foulis; Rory M^Cleud of the 
Lewis ; M^'Cleud, Heretonr of the landis of Loch- 
gair; Allaster M® Allaster M^'Ky; James M*^Kinmoir; Neill 
Angussoun ; The Laird of Trouternes ; and certane utheris 
cuntreymen adjacent and duelling in thay pairtis, mynding 
appeirandlie to prejuge the haill cuntrey of this commoun 
benefite have of lait by§ accustumat forme rased greit exac- 
tiounis baith of victnall and money upoun the saidis complen- 
aris, — Howbeit be act of Parliament it is expressly statute and 
ordanit that all sic custumes and exactionis be dischargit and 
nocht rasit nor upliftit fra the personis quha traffickis in taking of 
the said fischis, undir the panes to be callit as oppressouris and 
punist thairfoir conforme to the lawis of this realme except the 
payment of the iishchearis allanerlie and his Majesteis custumes 
as saidis : For the saidis persoues hes laitlie be thair Bailleis 
and servandis of thair directioun and command at thair awin 
handis compellit the saidis complenaris to pay for the ground 
leave of everie last xx" and to thair Bailleis iiij" with ane firlot 
of meill ane porte galloun aill extending to thre gallounis aill, 
and iiij^ for the stance of ilk barrell ; and for the wair puUit be 
thameselfBs quhairwith the samyn is coverit iiij^ for ilk last by 
and attoure ane barrell of aill and ane barrell of salt: And 
albeit the saidis complenaris have biggit thair houssis with 
thair awin tymmer and cover the same with thair schip saillis 
for saulftie of thair geir fra the rayne thay compell the saidis 
complenaris to pay aucht pundis even as thay had biggit the 
same upoun thair awin expenssis : And siclike the saidis per- 
sonis and thair Bailleis compellis the saidis complenaris to an- 
suer to thair courtis, and gif thay put thair nettis in his Ma- 
jesteis watteris but || thair license thay onlaw and poindis thair 

* M'Einnon of Lochslapen in Skye. 

t The same person called Rory M°allan, alias nefvynnauck, supra, 
p. 93. 

t Duncane Eawsay of that ilk seems a blunder for MacGillechallum, 
or Macleod of Easay ; bat there are several errors and repetitions in this 
list of names, arising from its being drawn up probably by one of the 
Lowland Burgesses. 

§ By, i.e. over <md ahove. 
But, i.e. unthout 


gaidis at thair pleasure : Ltke as thay and thair f reindis of 
thair command as said is and utheris broken men of the eun- 
trey, soroaris, resortis at all tyme to the saidis complenaris 
and nocht onlie consumis thair victuallis but steillis thair 
nettis, and suuitymes maisterfullie and perforce revis the same : 
And albeit for hastie expeditioun of thair voyage thay ar ac- 
custumat to buy small bottis of intentioun at thair depairting 
to sell thame agane ; Yit the saidis complenaris ar compellit be 
the saidis personis and thair foirsaidis to delyver the same to 
thame and receive quhat they pleiss, gif fer within the just 
avale and price thairof : And gif thay cast thair anchoris in 
the watter, thay ar constrainit to pay to thame in name of 
anchorage vj» viij<* :* Be tbe quhile form of doing the saidis 
complenaris ar havelie hurte and ar nocht abill onywayis to 
trafiBque in thair lawfuU besines and effearis in thay watteris 
as his Majesteis frie liegis ; to the greit contempt of his Hienes 
auctoritie and evill exempill to utheris to commit the lyke gif 
this remane unpunist. [The cause being called and none of 
the Highlanders appearing, although regularly summoned, 
to answer to the charge, the Council ordained them to be 
denounced as rebels and put to the horn. On the same day, 
the Council directed a Proclamation to be issued against the 
exporting offish, particularly tJie herring of Lochbroom, until 
the home market were first supplied.] 

No. V. 


At Holyrood House, 4th November, 1600. 

Anent our Soverane lordis lettres rasit at the instance of 
Thomas Inqlis Merchand Burges of Edinburgh and Robert 
Sinckler skipper in Leith awnaris of the Schip callit the Jonas 
of Leith [Makand meutioun] That quhair in the moneth of 

^ The exactions mentioned in this interesting statement must have 
proved a most grievous burden on the fisheries and the Lowland Burghs 
concerned in them. The Highlanders seem to have acted in concert^ 
probably by the advice of some of the more crafty of their number, 

t Registrv/m Secreti Condlii, Acta. 


Aprile last thair said schip being lyand at the fischeing in the 
Loch callit Lochshiel in the Lewis ladint with certane mer- 
chandice guidis and geir, lippyning for na reiflF nor violence of 
ony personis: Nochtwithstanding it is of trenthe that on 
the day of the said moneth HucHEOUN M^'Gillbspick 

IN Wattbbnes* and Duncane M^Intosche sone to Lauchlane 
M^Intosche of Dunnauchtane with utheris thair complices 
bodin in feir of weir come to the said complenaris schip, burdit 
the same perforce and wranguslie, violentlie and maisterfuUie 
aganis all ordour of law or justice reft spuilzeit intromettit with 
and away tuke fra thame the foirsaid schip with the haill mer- 
chandice guidis and geir being thairintill ; comitting thair- 
throw maist oppin and manifest oppressioun reiff and violence 
upoun the saidis complenaris to thair utter wrack &<*. [The 
defenders ordained to be denounced rebels and put to the horn 
for not appearing to answer to the charge.] 

No. VL 

OP THE REALM, 1632.t 

Bight trusty &*». Being informed of the great wrongis 
done by strangers inhabiting the Lewis and repairing thereto 
in trading and fisching against the laws of that our Kingdom ; 
and how that upon a former complaint made unto you thair- 
upoun by our frie Bruchtis a decreit was given by you against 
THE Eable op Seaport whereby he was ordered to bring in 
thess strangers befoir you that a course may be taken for 
causing them observe our Acts of Parliament provydit in thess 
places : Ouke pleasour is that you cans your said Decreit be 
put in executioun and the strangers censured for their trans- 
gression both in tradeing or fisching against the lawis or for 
transporting of forbidden goodis for not payment of our cus- 
tomes or from sailing from thence without coquet; causeing 
them find sufiQcient securitie from abstening of the lyke in all 

^ This indiyidual was a near kinsman of Macdonald of Slate. In a 
preceding document he is styled '^ of Troutemess ; '' nipra, p. 103. 

t From Secretary the Karl of Stirling's Register, MS. Advocates' 


tyme cnmiug ; And that yow give ordour to the Inhabitouris 
of the yles not to suffer any stranger to trade or fisch within 
the same ; using your best and readiest endeavours that the 
whole fisching be reserved for the use of the natives and sub- 
jects who are frie of the Societie of new erected by us, where- 
by thay may be encouraged to sett forward in so great and 
hopefull a work, whereof we are pleased to tak upon us the 
protection : which specially recommending unto your care, we 
bid yow farewell Oatlandis, 16th July 1632. 

No. VII. 

LAND, 1634.* 

Right trusty &**. Though we be crediblie informeit of the 
undoubtit right to the yle of Lewis and that ther wilbe a great 
many of the few dewteis bygane payable unto us for the same 
resting unpayed, wherby we have great advantage in law and 
otherways, against our Right trusty &<*. THE Eble of Sea- 
PORTH who for the present hath the possession thairof: YiT 
being willing to schaw him favour herein we ar heirby graci- 
ouslie pleased to content ourselffis with such a proportioun of 
the said yle and other places fitting thairin as by you shall be 
fund necessarie and convenient for the Association of the Fish- 
ing in Great Britaine and Ireland : Provyded alwayes that the 
said Erie tak a new right of us of the rest of that yle for pay- 
ment of the old few dewtie : To which purpois we ar heirby 
pleased that you so proceid for ordouring and setling of that 
bussines as may best conduce to the good of our service : For 
which these presentis shall be your suflScient warrant. Gren- 
witche, 8th May 1634. 

* Secretary Stirling's MS. Register. 


No. VIII. 

IRELAND, 1634.f 

Reverend &^. Having taken the Association of the Fisching 
of Great Britane and Ireland into our protection in a peculiar 
luaner, and intending to causs settle a solid courss tuitcheing 
all impositionis and dewteis whatsoever to be raised npon thess 
fischings our pleasour is that you doe not trouble them by 
exacting tythis or tythe dewteis from them till you know our 
farther pleasure: Wherein if you shall suffer, we will tak it 
into our consideration and tak such a courss as you shall be 
no looser. Grenwitch, 14 May 1634. 

No. IX. 


Sight trusty &^. Whereas it is not unknown to yow with 
what care we have intendit the good of the Association of the 
Fischings within thess our Kiogdomes for the use of our sub- 
jects and that we will be provident to protect them from the 
exaction of the heritours in the Yles who as we are informed 
without warrant exact sundrie dewteis from them to their great 
prejudice, bringing in strangers and loadning the vessells with 
fisches and other native commoditeis contrair to our lawis: 
Our pleassour is that yow call befoir yow the landislordis of 
the Yles wher the fisching is, and taking account of them by 
knowing upon what warrant they tak thess dewteis ; and that 
yow discharge what yow think not dew in that kynd upon 
verie good groundis ; sending unto us a note of all that is ex- 
acted : And that yow tak ordour with strangers who resort and 
trade there, contrarie to our lawis and the courss intended by 

* Mr Neill Campbell was at this time Bishop of the Isles, 
t Secretary Stirling's MS. Register. 
X Secretary Stirling's MS. Register. 


the patent of associatioan, so expecting that no such [inisjde- 
meanoar be comitted in tyme cuming, we bid you farewell 
Grenwitche 26 May 1634, 

No. X. 


A'pvd Edinburgh 20 Novemhris 1634. 

The quhilk day, in presence of the Lords of Secreit Conn- 
sell compeired personaliie Abchibald Lord of Lorne who 
for satisfactioun of the Commissioon direct be the counsell 
to him and to Neill Bishop of the Yles for tryell taking 
of the dewteis exacted be the Ylanders frome his Majesteis 
subjects of the associatioun resorting in these parts and by 
what warrand and right they doe the same: Exhibite befoir 
the saidis Lordis ane Report in writt subscryved be the said 
Lord of Lome and Bishop of the Yles and some of the Yland- 
ers ; Togidder with ane letter direct frome THE Erle OF Sea- 
FOBT to the Bishop of the Yles, bearing that in obedience of 
his Majesteis desire he had forborne to exact anie dewteis from 
the English ; and that no strangers did repaire to anie of his 
lands : Of the quhilk Beport the tenour follows : — 

At Inveraray the tuentie nynt day of August I** VI° thret- 
tie foure yeeres : Quhilk day in presence of Archibald Lord 
LoRNE and Neill, Bishop of the Yles, Anent the Com- 
missioun direct unto thame be the Lords of his Majesteis most 
honorabill privie counsell for calling of the Landslords and 
Heritoures of the Yles befoir thame and examining of thame 
what dewteis they exact of his Majesteis subjects of the asso- 
ciatioun resorting there ; what is the ground leave of these 
exactions ; and by what warrand they doe the same : As alsua 
to take tryell and informe themselfes howe and by whome 
strangers ar brought in and thair vessellis loadned with fisches 
and uthers native commoditeis ; as the said Commissioun of 
the dait at Ed', the tuentye fourt day of July last bypast [in 
itself more fullie proports] : And the saids Commissioners 
having in humble and dewtifull obedience of the saids Lords 
thair Commissioun foresaid, conveened the Landslords and 

♦ Regutrum Secreti OonctWi, Acta. 


Heritours of th6 Yles undirwritten this day and place : They 
ar to say Sir Donnald M^'Donnald op Sleat, Knight 
BARRONET ; Johne M^'cleod of Herreis ; Johne M^Rannald of 
Ilantirum, Captane of Clanrannald ; Neill M<*Neill of Bara ; 
Sir Lauchkne M^'claine of Morverne, Knight Barronet ; Mur- 
doch M^claine of Locbny; Lanchlane M^claine of Coill; and 
Lauchlane M^Charles v<^fingon for the Laird of M^'kynnon : 
And the foresaid Commissioun being publictlie read over in all 
their audiences, Thereafter the saids Commissioners did inter- 
rogat and examine everie ane of the saids Ylanders in particu- 
lar, what dewteis they exact of his Majesteis subjects of the 
associatioun resorting there ; and the saids Sir Donnald M®Don- 
nald, Johne M^Cleod, Johne M^'rannald and Neill M^'Neill of 
Bara viva voce gave the answer and declaratioun following 
viz*. That it wes the ancient citstome befoir the dait of the 
Contract afterspecifeit (quhilk they think to be about fourteene 
yeeres since or thereby) to everie ane of thame in whose boundis 
the herring fishing fell oute, to exact of everie barke and ship 
resorting thereto, — for ankorage or ground leave ane barrell 
of aiU or meill in the owner's optioun ; and for ilk anker layed 
on shoare sa^ shillings aucht pennies ; and out of every last 
of herring slaine there, thrie pundis money ; Togedder with 
the benefite of everie saturdayes fisching : And that now they 
exact onlie fronie his Majesteis subjects of the Associatioun 
for ilk ship and barke that comes to the herring fishing, thret- 
tie sax shillings Scottish money ; and for ilk ship that comes 
to the gray and white fishing twentie markis : And this for 
ankorage and ground leave conforme to ane Contract past 
betwix the said Sir Donald, Johne M^rannald and umquhile 
Sir Rorie M^deod and some others of the Ylanders on the 
ane part, and certane of the Burrowis in the East countrie 
on the other part in anno 1620 or thereby; Quhilk they 
say is registrat in the bookes of Counsell: — They being in- 
terrogat what is the ground leave of the saids dewteis quhilk 
they now lift, they say they can make no division, because 
the same is payable to thame be the said contract for ane an- 
korage and ground leave, quhilk they refer to the contract it- 
selffe : — ^Being demandit by what warrand they uplift the saids 
exactions and dewteis foresaids, they answer that they ar he- 
retours of the ground and so may lawfully take up satisfactioun 
for ground leave and ankerage ; it being ane ancient custome 
and in use to be done past memorie of man : — Being demandit 
how they can exact the particular exactions and dewteis foir- 
saids frome anie of his Majesteis subjects of the associatioun 


who have not contracted with thame, They ansuer that they 
take no more aff thame than aff these who have contracted ; 
wherein they think they doe thame favour, Becaas they thinke 
they might uplift frome thame the foresaid ancient dewtie and 
exactions that they war in use to gett before the dait of the 
said Contract, in respect of the antiquitie of the custome and 
that they ar heretours of the lands and that they have 
made no conditions with thame : — Item the saids Sir Lauch- 
lane M^claine, Murdoch M^Claine of Lochbuy, Lauchlane 
M^Claine of Coill and Lauchlane M^Charles v*' fingon being 
all examined anent the premisses, They and ilkane of thame 
declared that there is no fishings within their boundis, where- 
tbrow they may exact aniething frome his Majesteis subjects 
of the associatioun ; But if the fishings were in these bounds 
they would be content to exact no more nor the saids north 
Ylanders doe : — And the saids haill ylanders being demandit 
how and by whome strangers wer brought in and their vessellis 
loadned with fisches and uther native commoditeis ; They all 
in one voice ansuered that nane of thame nor anie within thair 
bounds does anie such thing; onlie the said Sir Donnald 
M^Donnald declares that the last yeere there came into Loch- 
madie to the herring fishing in his bounds ane Dutche ship 
having the Deputie of Ireland his warrand, and some Frenche 
shippis with some men of Air who transported no commodi- 
teis away bot herring and uther fishes : — Upoun the trueth of 
the quhilkis ansueres and declarations abonewritten, the saids 
ylanders and ilk ane of thame for thair awne parts to give 
their oaths of veritie : — In witness whereof the saids commis- 
sioners and ylanders have subscribed thir presents day yeer 
and place foresaid. Sic subscribitur, A. Lome; Neill lies; 
Sr. Donald Mac Donald of Sleat; L M^'clane Morueme; J 
M^'Leod of Dunvegane; J. M^'C.rannald. Us NeiU M*^Neill 
of Bara, Lauclane M^Claine of Coill and Lauchlane 
M®Charles v^'fingon abonewrittin at our commands becaus we 
cannot write our selffes. De mandato dictarum personarum 
scribere nescien. ut asseruerunt, Ego Georgius Campbell 
Notarius publicus, subscribo. 

QUHILK being read in audience of the saids Lords, they 
allow of the said Lorde of Lome and the said Bishop of the 
ylles thair diligence herein and finds that they have caref uUie 
performed what was committed unto thame. 


No. XL 



At Edinburgh, 1th August 1635. 

FoBSAMEKLE as the Lords of Privy Counsell ar informed that 
of laib ther hes been manie great insolenceis comittit be some 
of the inhabitants of the Yles of this kingdome not onlie upoun 
his Majesteis subjects banting the trade of fisching in the Yles 
but upon the Lords and others of the Association of the 
Royall Pishing of Great Britane and Ireland ; whiche Ylanders 
comes in troupes and companeis out of the Yles where they 
dwell to the Yles and Loches where the fishes ar tane and 
there violentlie spoyles his Majesteis subjects of their fisches 
and sometimes of thair victualls and other furniture and per- 
sewes thame of their lyffes, breakes the schooles of thair her- 
ring and comitts manie moe insolenceis upoun thame to the 
great hinder and disappointing of the fishing, hurt of his Ma- 
jesteis subjects to the contempt of his Majesteis auctoritte and 
lawes: Fob preventing of the quhilkis disorders [Procla- 
mation to be made inhibiting all and sundry persons inhabit- 
ing the Isles of this kingdom from resorting to any of the Isles 
or Lochs where fish are taken, but such as have warrant from 
their Masters and Landlords, and that they be furnished with 
nets] And sicklyke to command charge and inhibite all and 
sundrie Landslords and maisters in the Isles as namelie, Geobge 
Eaele op Sbafobt ; Sir Donald McDonald of Slait ; Johne 
M^cloud of Dynvegane; Johne MMonald v^Allane v^Eane, 
Captane of the Clanranald ; McNeill of Bara 

M^fingon and his tutors and curators if he anie hes 
for thair interesse ; M^'Claine of Coill ; Sir Don- 

nald Campbell of Parbeckf for his lands of Canna ; that nane 
of thame presume nor take upoun hands to give warrand to 
anie persones whatsomevir under thame, but to such for whois 
good rule they will be answerable. 

(To he eovAinuedJ) 

* BegUtrum Secreti Coneilii, Acta, 

t Better known as Sir Donald Campbell of Ardnamurchan. 

VOL. I. H 



No. I. 


JAMES VI. 1607.* 

Please your Sacrede Majestie 


As LAITLIE I caused present to your hienes, according to my 
bund dewtie, the present estait of your Majesteis West 
Ylandis, togidder with the causs of the inordinat leving of that 
pepill as I learned the same to be of treuth both be sicht and 
experience ; so now heiring that your Majestie was moved to 
doubt of the verltie in some assertiones in that my lettre, albeit 
a litill tyme hes and will try farther the undoubted treuth of 
everie poynt thairof : yit I maist humblie beseik your Majes- 
tie, that if your hienes mistrust any thing written be me that 
it may please your Majestie to lat the treuth of the samyne be 
tryed, ather in your hienes awne presens, or ellis be sik com- 
missionaris as sail please your Majestie appoint, before whome 
I think, God willing, being requyred to lat the treuth be 
known ; and if it sail seme expedient to your Majestie, sail 
mak manifest ma causses of the present misordour of that 
peopill, and the richt way by the which experience sail prove 
the same sail be maist easelie remeadit, and these folkis put to 
that peace and reformatioune whiche your Majestie craves. — 
As to the remedie of my inhablit estait, I refer it to that cair- 
fuU regaird which your Majestie hes evir had of all your ser- 
vandis and speciallie of our calling and to the humble sute maid 
to your Majestie be my brethrene : Praying the father of licht 
to mak the truthe till appeir to your Majestie in all thingis 
and to preserve your royall persoun from danger of bodie and 
saule with the blissing of a long and prosperous reigne. 
Your Majesteis albeit onworthie yet maist addictit 

oratour and servand 

An. Isles. 

Edinburgh the xvij of Junii 1607. 

* From the original, Denmylne MSS., Adv. Library. 


No. II. 


PUas your Sacreit Majestie 

According to your hiechnes derectioun, as your Majesteis 
Lieutennentf haith laitlie visitat your hechnes west lyllandis 
whair also the cheif men of your Majesteis North Isles did 
also meit his Lordschip, with such obedience to thais your 
heichnes lawes practisit be his Lordschip, as the testemoneis 
recordit will beir sufficient record ; so have I being evir in 
cumpanie with his Lordschip, faythfuUie writtin the trew his- 
toric of the speciall turnes of ony importance wiche wes done 
every day of that jurney and that to your Majesteis Secretar 
for Scotland, that thairby he being warrandit to give your 
Majestie informatioun of the treuth your heichnes may be in- 
armit aganis sinistrous reportes of our proceidinges, of the 
whiche dyverss perhaps may be presentit to your Majesteis 
secreit eares ; as also undirstand how easie it is to your Ma- 
jestie (with a lytill help of the advyss of sic as hes bene thair, 
sene and considderit the present estait of thais folkis now void 
of the trew knowledge of God, ignorant of the mest pairt of 
your Majesteis lawes and thair dewete towarttis thair dreid 
Soverane without civilite or humaine societe and yit coranit in 
ane servill feir of the executioun of your Majesteis justle con- 
ceavit wrath aganis thame) out of the deipnes of your Majes- 
teis heich wisdome to establische, and induce thame all with- 
out hostelitie or opening of your heines coflferis, to accept of, 
such a soleit ordour as may reduce thame to ane haistie refor- 
matioun in na aige heirefter to alter the whiche sail be retenit 
and comittit to eternall memorie as ane of your heichnes notabill 
workis incomparabill with the maist singular actes of the most 
famous ancient Impriouris, of the whiche the most worthe could 
nevir atteine to that honour, and sail testefie your Majesteia 
wisdome and actioun to exceid als far the most wyss and 
valiant practisses of your heichnes progenitouris, as your 
heichnes dominiones ar inlargit beyond thairs ; naither can the 

* From the original in Denmylne MSS., Adv. Library. 

t Andrew, Lord Stewart of Ochiltree, who was appointed Lieutenant 
and Justice, with very high powers over both the North and Soath Isles, 
21 June, 1608 ; with a Council of whom the Bishop was one. — Begistrum 
8eertii CondUi, Acta, 


praiss nor honour heirof be gevin to ony instrmnent employit 
be your Majestie in this serveice, albeit boith your Majesteis 
Lieutennent and Admirall hes kythit thair curage wisdome and 
emist effectioun to further this work, — bot first to Ood and 
than to your Majesteis selff his anoyntit whom he hes ever 
blissit, prosperit and brocht to ane happe end all your heichnes 
exploytes without crewelte, nochtwithstanding of the waiknes 
of the secound instrumentis, thay following furth the meanes 
that your heichnes hes usit wyislie and mercifullie to derect ; 
of the whiche we all your Majesteis subjectis hes sene and 
[had] comfortable experience and sua nocht doubting but your 
Majestie will follow furth this happe werk with matur delibera- 
tioun, I most efFectionslie beseik your heichnes that seeing 
my ould aige dayle crepis on and be thir trubilsum journeyis 
now seamis to mak griter haist nor of befoir, and my credeit 
amangis thir folkis be the forme of this last actioun prac- 
tiscbic amangis thame, sum what (as apperis) deminischit,* 
that it mycht pleas your Majestie to appoynt sum uther of 
yonger aige, gritter curage, bettir discretioun and credeit 
in thais cuntreis to this charge and that I may be permittit 
to ceiss &a such wirisum travellis and end the remanent of 
my dayes in the exercise of sum poyntes of my calling; 
and in speciall in pra3dng to Ood the father of our Lord 
Jesu Chryst to continew with us thais maniefauld blissingis 
spirituall and temporall whiche all the pairtes of your heichnes 
dominiones enjoyes be your Majesteis happe govemameut; 
the whiche I beseik his devyne Majestie in his grit mercie to 
continew long and prosperouslie with us, and that our succes- 
souria may rejoyss in the lyk be the future rigne of your 
heichnes royall progene and that evir to the last cuming of the 
grit Juge of the world. 

Ane of your Sacreit Majesteis most 
onworthie subjectes 

An: Isles. 

Ilintexat the xvij of September 1608. 

''*' The Bishop alludes here to the manner in which Lord Ochiltree 
made several of the chiefs of the Isles prisoners at this time. He 
actually kidnapped the unsuspecting Islanders while dining with his Lord- 
ship, after listening to a sermon, preached by the reverend father, on board 
the Lieutenant's gaJley, off the Castle of Do wart in MuU. It is evident by 
his letter that the Bisho}) did not feel at ease under the imputation of 
having been a party to this unworthy proceeding ; in which indeed Ochil- 
tree is said to have acted by the advice of the Prelate. 

t A small island on the south-east coast of Isla. 


No. III. 


[A NUMBER of the Chiefs being now in prison, the King, taking the 
adTantage of so good an opportunity, gave a commission to the Lords of the 
Privy Council, or any nine of them (the Archbishop of Glasgow, the Bishop 
of the Isles, Lord Ochiltree and the Comptroller being always four of the 
nine), to meet and ' to reason, advise, consult and deliberat upon the best 

* readiest and most speedie meanis how that bipast savagenes and barbari- 
' tie whiche has bene of so long continewance in these boundis may be 
' rewited oute, and that civilitie, oure obedience and trew religioun (the 

* onlie meane to preserve bothe) may be planted, &* , &*.' Along with 
this commission were sent more minute instructions from which an extract 
follows. The Commission and Instructions were dated at Thetford, 6th 
December 1608.t] 

And to the effect nane may pretend ignorance of our ajone 
and drift herein, yow ar to considder the motives induceing us 
to SO grite a desire of the obedience and civilitie of these 
boundis : FiRST in the cair we haif of planting of the Qospell 
amang these rude barbarous and uncivill people the want 
whairof these yeiris past no doubt hes bene to the grite hazard 
of mony poore soullis being ignorant of thair awne salvatioun. 
NiXT we desire to remove all suche scandalous reproches aganis 
that state, in suffering a pairt of it to be possessed with suche 
wild savageis voide of Godis f eare and our obedience, and heir- 
with the losse we have in nocht ressaving the dew rentis ad- 
debtit to us furth of those Yllis, being of the patrimonie of that 
our crowne. 

No. IV. 


[The Chiefs mentioned above as being in prison, were liberated early 
in the year 1609, and with others were ordered to meet the Bishop of the 

* Regislrwm Secreti ConcUiif Acta penes Ma/rchia/rum et Insularum 
ordinem, vol. from 1608 to 1623. 
t IWd.— Recorded 6th February 1609. 
X I&id.— Recorded 27th July 1610. 


Isles who was appointed to make a survey of these districts, and make such 
arrangements as he should approve of for the improvement and civilisub- 
tion of the Isles. They met with that Prelate accordingly at Icolmkill 
in August of that year, and then signed the following Bond.] 

We and everie ane of us principall gentillmen Indwellaris 
within the West and North Illis of Scotland, undersnbscrivaris, 
Acknawlegeing and now be experience finding that the speciali 
cause of the grite miserie barbaritie and povertie unto the 
quhilk for the present our barrane cuntrie is subject, hes pro- 
ceidit of the unnaturall deidlie feidis quhilkis hes bene foisterit 
amangis us in this last aige : In respect that thairby not onlie 
the feare of God and all religioun bot alsua the cair of keping 
ony dewytie and geving obedyence unto our Gracious Sove- 
rane the Kingis Majestic and his hienes lawis for the maist 
pairt wes decayit: And now seeing it hes plesit God in his 
mercie to remove thir unhappie distractionis with the causes 
of thame all frome amangis us ; and undirstanding that the re- 
coverie of the peace of our conscience, our prosperitie weill and 
quyetnes consistis in the acknawlegeing of our dewtie towardis 
our God and his trew worschip, and of our humble obedience 
to our dreid Soverane and his hienes lawis of this his Majesteis 
Kingdome : And also being persuadit of mercie and forgivenes 
of all our bipast offensses of bis Majesteis accustomat cle- 
mencie : Bindis and oblissis ourselffis be the fayth and treuth 
in our bodyis undir the pane of perjurie and defamation for 
evir, — and forder under sic uther civil! penalteis as it sail pleis 
his Majestie and his honnorable counsell to subject us unto 
at our nixt compeirance befoir thair Lordschippis : That as 
we presentlie profess the trew religioun publictlie taucht, 
preichit and proffessit within this realme of Scotland and ini- 
braicit be his Majestie and his estaitis of this realme as the 
onlie and undoubtit treuth of God ; Sua be his grace we sail 
continew in the proffessioun of the samyn without hypocracy 
to our lyveis end; and sail dewtifuUie serve his Majestie in 
maintenance of that treuth, libertie of the samyn and of all 
the lawis and privilegeis of ony pairt of his Hienes dominionis 
with our bodyis and goodis without excuiss or weyring to our 
last breath : Lte:e as alsua we and everie ane of us protestis in 
the sicht of the everleving God that we acknawlege and re- 
verence our Soverane Lord his sacred Majestie allanerlie Su- 
preme Juge undir the etemall God in all causses and above all 
personis boith spirituall and temporall avowing our loyaltie 
and obedience to his Heynes onlie, conforme to his Majesteis 


most loveable act of Supremacie, quhilk we imbrace and sub- 
scryve unto with our hairtis ; and forder undir the samyn aith 
and panes we faythfullie promeiss dewtifull obedience to the 
halsome lawis actis of Parliament and constitutionis of this his 
Heynes Eingdome of Scotland, and to observe and keip everie 
poynt and ordinance of the samyn as thay are observit be the 
rest of his Majesteis maist loyall subjectis of this realme ; And 
to be ansuerable to his Majestic and to his Heynes counsale 
as we sal be requrit upoun our obedience thairto ; and forder 
as sail be mair particularlie injoynit unto us for our weill and 
reformatioun of this our puir cuntrey be his Majestic and 
Counsale having consideratioun quhat it may beir and we ar 
able to performe ; And also as mair speciallie we haif aggreit 
unto, sett down and establissit as necessar lawis to be keipit 
amang is ourselffis in our particular Courtis haldin be his Ma- 
jesteis Commissionar Andro .Bischop of the Illis and sub- 
scryvit with all our handis in his presence : And finalie we 
bind and obleiss ourselffis under the aith and panes foirsaidis 
that in caiss ony of us and our f riendis, dependaries or ser- 
vandis upoun ony evill or turbulent motioun (as God forbid 
they doe) disobey ony of the foirsaidis Ordinanceis or be 
found remiss or negligent in observing of the speciall pointis 
of our obligatioun abone writtin and being convict thairof be 
the Juge ordinar of the cuntrey spirituall or temporall, That 
then and in that cais we sail afauldlie concur togidder conjunct- 
lie and severaUe as we salbe imployit be his Hienes or the 
said Juge ordinar or Schirreff ; and sail concur with the said 
Schirreff or Juge quhatsumevir having warrand of his Majestie 
to persew, tak apprehend and present to justice the said dis- 
obedient persone, intromet with his landis guidis and geir and 
dispone thairupoun as we sail haif Commissioun of his Ma- 
jestie : And heirto we and everie ane of us faithfullie promitt, 
bind and obleiss us by our grite aithis as we sal be savit and 
condempnit upoun the grite day of the grite Juge of the 
world, to observe keip and fulfill the premisses ; and for the 
mair securitie gif neid beis we ar content and consentis that 
thir presentis be insert and registrat in his Hienes buikis of 
Secrete Counsale of this realme, and the samyn to haif the 
strenth of ane Act and Decrete of the Lordis thairof interponit 
heirto with executoriallis to be direct hereupoun in forme as 
effeiris ; And to that effect makis and constitutes 

our Procuratouris conjunctlie and severalie in uberiori 
forma, promitten, de rata ; In witness quhairof We haif sub- 
scrivit thir presentis with our handis as followis (written be 


Johnne Henrysoun Notar Pablict, Commissar of the Illis) at 
Icolmakill the xxiiij day of August the yeir of God I"* VP. 
and nyne yeiris, befoir thir Witnessis, Johnne Hamiltonn of 
Woodhall; Johnne Stewart of Ascock; Johnne Colquhoun 
younger of Camstrodane; Mathow Semple Servitour to Ro- 
bert Lord Semple ; Aulay M^Canley of Stuck ; and Mr Mal- 
colme Colquhoun. — Sic Suhscrihitur Angus M<*Ooneill of 
Dunivaig; M®Clane of Dowart; Donald gorme of Slait; 
M^^Cloud ; M«Kynnowne ; M'^Clane of Cole ; Donald M Do- 
nald of lUintyrim ; M®Clane of Lochbowy ; M^quirie. 

No. V. 



[The ordinances or statutes referred to in the preceding bond are 
exceedingly interesting. They are nine in number ; but the first and sixth 
alone are printed here, having exclusive reference to religion, morals, and 
education. The others will appear afterwards arranged, along with other 
documents, in reference to the several objects of legislation which they 
embrace. In the Collectanea de Rebus Albanicis, in future, these ordi- 
nances will be referred to as the " Statutes of Icolmkill.*' f] 

The Court of the South and North Illis of Scotland hal- 
din at Icolmekill be ane Reverend fader in God, Andro 

* Recorded 27th July 1610. — Registi^m Secreti ConcUH, Acta penes 
Marchiarum et Insvlarum ordinem. 

t The bond. No. IV. of this series of documents, and all the nine sta- 
tutes of Icolmkill, have, with a few other extracts from that interesting 
volume of the Privy Council Records, the Acta penes Marchiarum et 
Insularum ordinem, 1608-1623, been printed by Robert Jamibson, Esq., 
in the appendix to his edition of Burt's ^' Letters from the Highlands." 
This part of the appendix, referring as it does to a portion of Highland 
history much earlier than that which Mr Burt's work illustrates, has re- 
mained almost a dead letter, although abundantly interesting in itself. 
The editor, therefore, has no scruple in reprinting these documents in a 
work where they will be more likely to attract the notice of the stu- 
dent of Highland history ; and in which they will illustrate, and be illus- 
trated by, many other documents from the volume above mentioned, and 
from various other sources never hitherto quoted. 


BiSGHOP OF THE Illis haveand speciall pouer and commis- 
sioan to that effect of his Majestie and Coansell the tuentie 
thrie day of August the yeir of God 1609 yeiris ; the suitis 
callit and the Court lauchfuUie affirmit be 

The quhilk day in presence of the said Reverend fader^ 
the speciall Baronis and Gentihnen of the saidis Yllis un- 
dirwrittin viz*. Angus McDonald of Dunnoveg; Hector 
M^Cleane of Dowart ; Donald Gorme McDonald of Slait ; 
Rorie M^^Cloyd of Hareiss ; Donald M^Allane v^eane of Ilan- 
terame; Lauchlane M^Cleane of Coill; Lauchlane* M®Kyn- 
noun of that ilk ; Hector f M^Cleane of Lochbowie; Lauchlane 
and Allane M^Cleanes brothers germane to the said Hector 
M«Clane of Dowart; Gillespie M«quirie of Ullova; Donald 
M^e in CoUonsaye : ' Togidder with the maist part of thair 
haill speciall freindis, dependaris and tennentis compeirand 
judiciallie : — 

And undbbstanding and considering the grite ignorance 
unto the quhilk not onlie thay for the maist pairt thame selffis, 
bot alsua the haill commonalitie, inhabitantis of the Illandis 
hes bene and ar subject to, quhilk is the cans of the neglect 
of all dewtie to God and of his trew worship to the grite 
grouth of all kind of vice proceiding partly fra the laik of pas- 
touris plantit and partly of the contempt of these quha ar 
alreadie plantit: — For remeid quhairof thay half all aggreit 
in ane voce, Lyke as it is presentlie concludit and inactit, That 
the ministeris alswele plantit as to be plantit within the paroch- 
ynnis of the saidis Illis, sal be reuerentlie obeyit ; thair stipendis 
dewtifuUie payit thame; the rwynous kirkis with reasonable 
diligence repairit; the Sabothis solemplie kepit; adultereb, 
fomicationis, insest and sic uther vyle sklanderis seveirlie 
punist ; marriageis contractu for certane yeiri^ simpliciter 
diachargeit and the committaris thairof repute and punist as 
fomicatouris ; and that conforme to the loveable actis of par- 
liament of this realme and disciplein of the reformeit Eirk ; 
the quhilk the foirsaidis personis and everie ane of thame 
within thair awne boundis faithfuUie promeiss to sie put to 
dew executioun. 

The quhilk Dat it being understand that the ignorance 
and incivilitie of the saidis His hes daylie incressit be the 
negligence of gaid edueatioun and instructioun of the youth in 
the knowledge of God and good lettres : Foe remeid quhairof 

* In orig. erroneously Bcrie Mackinnon. 
t In orig. erroneously Lauchlane Maclean. 

X This evidently shews that the practice of handfasting was not yet 


it is enactit that everie gentilman or yeaman withiQ the saidis 
Ilandis or ony of thame having children maill or famell and 
being in goodis worth thriescoir ky, sail putt at the leist thair 
eldest sone or, having na childrene maill, thair eldest dochtir 
to the scuillis in the lawland and interteny and bring tbame 
up thair qnhill thay may be found able sufficientlie to speik, 
read and wryte Inglische. 

No. VI. 


JAMES VI. 1615.* 

Most grati(yu88 Soverane, 

CoNSiDDEBiNG your Majesteis royall and indeserved favour in 
erecting me to that honorable estat of episcopall societie with- 
in this kingdome, far besyd ather thocht or appetite ; And in 
respect thairolF thinking nocht onlie still to exorne the place 
committit to me bot more and more to interceid at the most 
highe for lenth and happines of your Majesteis dayis ; it be- 
hoveth me, in regaird of bodilie infirmitie, to crave pardone 
that heirby I supple that personall homage addebtit to your 
Majestic for so grite benefite ; least I sould seame ather igno- 
rant or forgetfuU, thairby giving your Majestic occasioun to re- 
pent that gratiouss munificencie : — Herewithe it wald please 
your sacred Majestic remember tbat the pairtis of your Ma- 
jesteis kingdorae committit to my spirituall ouersicht being so 
barbarouss thut without sever animadversione they can nocht 
be cohibite from thair wonted savage behaviour : Nather can 
this be so convenientlie done as by the presence of the Eble 
OF Argyll ; quha at my last assemble nocht onlie gave to me 
in secreit exceiding guid prove of his religione, baking the 
same with no worss knawlege ; bot in publict offerit (undir 
your Majestic) to cans all obedience be givein to discipline, 
churches to be buldid and violent detenaris of ministeris glebis 
and mansis thairofF dispossessed ; in all quhiche as his Lord- 
schip wes required he did performe : And thairfoir seeing it 
wold be bothe comfortable to my charge and helpfuU to his 
awiu decaying staite, qubairunto I trust your Majestic will 
rather inclyne, nor that he (throw staying at Gourte and ne- 
cessitie urgeing) become ane dehonestament to your Majestie 

* From the original in Denmylne MSS., Adv. Libraiy. 


this kingdome, and honorable place that thairinto bothe be 
birthe and office he bruikis, I humlie requeist your Majestie, 
in regairde heiroff ather to direct him to his awin cuntrie^ or 
confyne him within the samin. 

Craveing pardone for this my boldnes and committing to 
Johne Murray relatione of sum particular about my self, and 
agane beseiking the Almichtie God for your Majesteis happi- 
nes heir and honor I wess remaneing ever 

Your Majesteis most humiU servand 

An: Lismoben. 

Edinboigb, 24th Feb. 1615. 

No. VII. 


FoRSAMEELE as the Lordis of Secrete Counsall undirstanding 
that the chief and principall causs quhilk hes procuirit and 
procuiris the continewance of barbaritie, impietie and inci- 
vilitie within the Yllis of this kingdome, hes proceidit from 
the small cair that the chifbanes and principall clannit men of 
the Tllis hes haid of the educatioun and upbringing of thair 
childrene in vertew and learning; who being cairles of thair 
dewteis in that poynte and keping thair childrene still at home 
with thame whair thay sie nothing in thair tender yeiris bot 
the barbarous and inciyile formes of the countrie, — thay ar 
thairby maid to apprehend that thair is no uther formes and 
dewteis of civilitie keept in ony uther pairt of the countrie ; 
sua that quhen thay come to the yeiris of maturitie, hardlie 
can thay be reclamed frome these barbarous, rude and incivile 
formes quhilkis for lak of instructioun war bred and satled in 
thame in thair youthe ; Whairas if thay had bene sent to the 
Inland in thair youthe, and trainit up in vertew, lernyng and 
the Inglische tounge, Thay wald have bene the better prepa- 
rit to reforme thair countreyis and to reduce the same to God- 
lines, obedience and civilite: Thairfoir [it is enacted with 
the consent of the principal chiefs] that they shall send thair 
baimis being past the age of nyne yeiris to the ScoUis in the 

* Begistrum Secreti Condliiy Acta penes Marchiarum et InstUarum ordi- 


Lawlandis to the effect thay may be instructit and trajmed to 
wryte and reid and to speake Inglische ; and that nane of thair 
bairnis sail be served air unto thame nor acknawlegeit nor 
reid and as tennentis to his Majestie unless they can wryte, 
reid and speik Inglische. 

No. VIII. 




At Edinburgh^ 23<2 July 1622. 

The quhilk day Sir Donald Gorme, Sir Rorie M^Cleud, 
and the Lairds of M^Ejmnoon, Coill and Lochbuy, compeir- 
and personallie befoir the Lordis of Secrete Connsell, Thay 
actit and oblist thame to bnilde and repaire thair Paroche 
Kirkis at the sicht of the Bishope of the His ; and that thay 
shall convene and meit with the Bischope at Icolmekill npoun 
suche daye and dayis as with niutuall concerte sail be aggreit 
upoun and thair confer, ressoun, resolve and conclude upoun 
the forme and maner and upoun the tyme quhen and in quhat 
forme the saidis kirkis sail be biggit. 

No. IX. 



The Estaite of the Dyode of the lies with the haill Ylandis 
thairin, thair severcUl IncumbentiSf Ministeris, rentis belonging 
to the Bischope, thair distances, lenth and bread. 

The Diocie of the Hebrid Ilaudis is devydit in the West 
and North Ilandis. 

* Begistrum Seereti ConcUii, Acta penes Marchiarum et Insvlarv/m ordi- 

t From the original (or copy made at the time) in Denmylne MSS., 
Adv. Library. Bishop Thomas Knox was son of Bishop Andrew, and 
succeeded his father upon the translation of the latter to Raphoe in Ire- 


The West Ilandis lyand betwix Cumray in the mouth of 
Glyd till the Bow of Ardmarochie * as thay pass the Muill of 
Eintyre, extend thame selfiSs neir thrie hundereth myles in the 
ocean and ar devydit in these of the south and of the northe 
syde of Kintjrre. 

These of the south syde [of Kintyre] ar ; — 

OuMRAY belonging to his Majestie as all uther Ylandis as 
Prince and Stewart of Scotland. The rent is payit to the 
Castell of Dunbartane. Is servit be Mr Thomas Muir; be- 
ing tua myles in lenth and one in breid. 

BuiTE peyis the haill rent to the Castell of Dunbartane, 
the Schirreff of Buite and uther gentlemen. Is twelff myles 
in lenth and four in breid. Payis 160 merkis a yeir to the 
Bischope; is servit be Mr Patrick Stewart, Mr Johne Bogill 
and Mr Donald Omey. 

Abrane belongeth for the most pairt to the Lord Marqueis 
of Hammiltoun and the Laird Scairmerlay ;-|- is 24 myles in 
lenth, 12 in breid; is servit be Mr Johne Knox and James 
M**quiritei ; peyis to the Bischope 50 merkes be yeir. 

In these Ilandis the Bischope hes no landis, bot the third 
onlie of the teind, and [they] wer all set long before my cum- 
ing to the Bishoprik. 

Theiss on the north syde of Kintyre ar ; — 

OiGA belonging to Hector McNeill of Tainschis [Taynish], 
4} mylles in lenth, twa of breid. Peyis to the Bischope 20"^ 
At the west end of the Iland lyeth Gaba ane small Iland of 
no worthe. 

JUBA belonging to the Erie of Argyll is 29 mylles in lenth 
and 4 in breid : a mountanous barren Iland having in it all 
only twelflf small tounes. Peyis to the Bischope 30^^ At 
the West end of this Iland lyeth ane nomber of small Hands 
and betwixt thame rinneth the current of Curribreken. Theiss 
ar servit be Mr Alexander M^Alester. 

Yla belongeth to Sir Johne Campbell of Calder; is 24 
myles of lenth, als muche neir in breid ; peyes 1000 merkes 
yeirlie to the Bischope, defraying the ministeris stipendis. 
Servit be Mr Patrik M^achland and Dunoane M^^Ewen and 
equaUie distribuittit amongst thame. 

CoLONSA belonging to the Erie of Arguyll is 8 mylles in 
lenth, 2 in breid; is servit be Malcolme MMufiSe, reider, in 
respect the two lies lura and Oiga plotted for one Minister 
ar so far distant. Peyis to the Bischope 40^*> yeirlie. At the 

* The point of Ardnamnrchan. t Montgomeiy of Skelmorly. 


south end of this Hand lyeth CoBOKSA [Oronsa] ane small 
Hand of one myll of lenth. 

Mull belongethe to Hector Maclean of Dowart, Hector 
M^'cleane of Lochbowie, Sir Lachlane M^^Kinnon and Lach- 
lane M^'clean of Coill ; 24 mylles in lenth and 24 mylles in 
breid. Feyis to the Bischope for his awin pairt of the teind 
500 merkis oute of M^'Leane of Dowartis parte. M^Lene of 
Lochbowie his teindis ar yitt unsett. The teindis of 40 merk 
land belonging to M^Einnon and Coll ar sett with uther 
teindes as heirafter sail be insert. This He is servit [be 

] Maclean, persone of Ballane, Mr Johne Campbell and 
Niniane McMillan. On the south west end of this Hand lyes 

looLMiKiLL is ane small Hand of 2 mylles in lenth and one 
in breid, the abbot seat of auld ; and remainis yitt baith land 
and teind in the Bischopes possessioune. 

It is to be considderit that to the Bishoprik ar annexit the 
abbacie of Icolmikill and Priourie of Ardchattan and yit re- 
maneth in the Priour of Ardchattan his possessioun, be ver- 
tew of ane lyfrent gift undir his Majesteis greit Seall before 
the act of annexatioune to the Bishoprik : so that nather I nor 
my father culd evir enjoy any pairt thairof bot Icolmikill, 
whiche by compositioun with Sir Johne Campbell, assignay 
to the said Priour, I possess. So that both these estaittis ar 
frie of all dispositiones. 

Coll belonging to the Laird of Coll is 8 mylles in lenth, 
4 in breid, peyis to the Bischope with the thrid of the teind of 
his tuentie merk land of Quynische in Mull 100 merkes yeir- 
lie. This Yle is servit yeirlie be Mr Hew M^cleane. At 
the west end of this Hand lyeth the small Hand of Guna 
hal£f ane myll in lenth neir Tiry. 

TifiT belongeth to Hector M^'cleane of Dowart ; is 8 mylles 
in lenth 2 in breid. Peyis to the Bischope, sex chalderis beir 
yeirlie $ and is servit be Mr Martine M^ura. 

The NoETH Ilandis lyand betwix the row of Ardmarochie 
and the He of Rona beyond the Lewis, extending thameselSes 
neir 400 myles in the Ocean sea ar these : — 

MuOK ane small Hand conteining onlie tua tounes, belonges 
to the Laird of Coll, [and] peyis ane chalder of beir. 

Bum a montanus barren Hand conteining the lyke number 
of tounes. The landis ar not sett nor valued. 

Cana ane small Hand belonging to the Abbott of Icolmi- 
kill and now in the possessione of Johne M^cloyd. Nather 
land nor teind of this ar sett. 


Eg ane small Iland belonging to the Capitane of Glanran- 
ald ; the teindis ar iinsett. 

These four small Ilandis with the parochines of Strahordell 
and Sclate in the He of Sky ar servit be Mr Neill M^Ein- 

Set ane great Iland 50 mylles in lenth and 12 in breid, is 
devydit as foUowis viz* Sir Donald M^'Donald possesses Trou- 
temes and Sclait servit be Kenneth M^Kenzie [and Mr Neill 
M^Kinnon] peyis 200 merkes to the Bisehope. Johne M®Clettd 
possesses the uther part of Denrynes, Miginisch, Bracadall 
&^. This man hes no tak. His father payit a gratuit which 
was not resavit thir fyve yeiris bygane. This cuntry is servit 
be Mr Hew M^quein and Johne M^corkill ane reidar. Sir 
Lachlane M^Einnoune possesses the nather pairt of it callit 
Strahordill ; payis to the Bisehope 50^^^ This pairt of it with 
the small Ilandis nixt adjacent ar servit be Mr Neill M^'Eln- 
nonne as is above specifeit. Neir this pairt of the cuntrie lyis 
the small Hand of Scalpa, and to the north of Scalpa lyeth 
Rasa belonging to the Abbot of Icolmikill, is possessit be the 
Erie of Seafort He hes no tak nor acknawlegeis anie rent. 
It is ane small Island. 

Prom Skye west north west lyethe the thrie Ilandis of Uist, 
Heireis and Lewis reckned to be from the south of Uist to 
the north of Lewis 90 mylles. Thir ylandis ar onlie separat 
be small soundis and ferreis. 

Uist is devydit as followis: the south of it belongeth to 
the Capitane of Clanranald, the north to Sir Donald McDo- 
nald. It is servit be ane verie auld man callit Donald Mac- 
millen. Thair is no tak of the teindes of this Yland sett. 

Hereis belongethe to Johne M^^Cloyd of Hereis; is servit 
be Johne M^fersoun. Thair is no tak sett of this Yland. His 
father pajdt 40 merkis yeirlie. 

Lewis the best and gritest of the Hebrid Ylandis is posses- 
sit be the Erie of Seafort. Hee payit to my father 50 mer- 
kes only of acknawledgement ; he refuses my duetie and de- 
nyes any tak. This Iland is servit be tua ministeris, and have 
ilkane tua thousand merkis yeirlie of stipend. 

From the southend of Uist lyethe the Yle Baba. This 
Yle belongethe to M*^Neill of Bara ; is fyve mylles in lenth, 
tua in breid. It peyis of auld with the fyve little Ylandis 
nixt adjacent to it, 300 merkes, and is servit be the Minister 
of Hereis. 


No. X. 


Be IT EEND till all men be thir present lettres me Murdoch 
M^CLEANE OF LoCHBOWiE for diverss gude caussis and con- 
siderationis moving me ; and speciallie for the zeal quhilk I have 
to the glorie of God and to the propagatioun of the evangell 
within the boundis eftir mentionat : To be bundin and obleist, 
Lyke as I be thir presentis Bind and Obleis me my airis and 
executouris, to Mb Martine M^lLVORAf Minister at the 
Kirkis of Eilleane and Eillenachin : That I my vassallis and 
tennentis of the landis lyand within the saidis parochinis sail 
reddelie ansuer, intend, obey and mak thankfull payment to 
the said Mr Martene M^ilvora yeirlie dureing his lyfetyme 
and during his service of the cure at the saidis kirkis, and to 
his factouris and servitouris in his name of the tua pairt of all 
and sindrie the teind shaves and utheris teindis alsweill per- 
sonage as vicarage of the haill landis and utheris lyand within 
the saidis parochines of Eilleane & Killenachin, ipsa corpora 
of the crope and yeir of God I** VP threttie ane yeiris and of 
all cropes and yeiris thairefter during the lyftyme of the said 
Mr Martene and during the space of his service of the cure at 
the saidis kirkis : And lykwayes to cans the inhabitantis within 
the saidis parochines to give dew obedience to the discipline 
of the kirk ; and to repair to the saidis kirkis of Eilleane and 
Eillenachin to heir the word of God and to participat in the 
holie sacramentis at all tymes requisite, conforme to the ordour 
of the kirk : And that they sail nocht conveine in ane chapell 
or at ony uther pairt within the saidis parochines to heir the 
word of God or participat of the saidis sacramentis : And in 
cais it sail happin me or my foirsaidis to failyie in thankfull 
performance of the premisses, sua that in our defaultis the said 
Mr Martene his airis or executouris sail caus registrat thir 
presentis or sute executioun heirupoun ; Than & in that cais 
I bind and obleis me and my foirsaidis to content and pay to 
the said Mr Martene M^ilvora or his abonewrittin the sowme of 

* Qen. Beg. of Deeds, vol. 450, recorded 11th April 1632. 

t M^llvora or M'Gilvra, of Pennyffail in Moll, was the name of an an- 
cient family of small property, who fdlowed the Macleans. This Minister 
was either the head of the family or a near relation. 

^ . 

V » 


aDe hondrethe pundis money foirsaid as for cost, skaith, dam- 
nage, expenss and interess to be maid and sustenit be thame 
thairthrow, toties quoties for ilk failyie that sail happin, but 
prejudice to the performing of the haill premisses ; and for the 
mair securitie I am content and consent thir presentis be insert 
and registrat in the buikis of Counsell and Sessioun &^^. 
Dated at Edin'. 10th August 1631. 

No. XL 

ISLES, 1631.* 

Eight trustie, &^. Whereas the reverend father in God and 
our right trustie and weill beloved Counsellour JoHNE-f- Bi- 
SCHOP OP Iles hath represented us the great barbaritie used 
amongst the Ilanders of his Diocie, and how ther is no ordour 
amongst them for encreasing ather of religioun or civill poli- 
cie; and notwithstanding that ther ar articles condescended 
upon tuitching that purpois (none of them as we ar informed 
being observed) yit ther is no punischment inflicted upon the 
delinquents : — OuR pleasour is that having appointed a day in 
Aprill or May ensuing, you call the chief men amongst them 
befor yow and by the adviss of the said Bischop, that yow use 
your best meanes for establisching religioun and government 
according to the eifect abonespecifeit ; and if yow find that by 
that meanes yow cannot effectuat the same, that then yow 
detene them with yow untill we ourselff shall come to that our 
kingdome, that we may cans proceid therin as we shall find 
most requisit : — And whereas we wer formerlie pleased to wryt 
unto yow for dispensing with the appearance of the Captane 
of Clanronald untill the nixt dyet of the lUanders appointit 
to be in the spring of the yeir ; Intending that the lyk general 
courss might have bene takin with him as with the rest of the 
Ilanders; Having bene since informed by the said reverend 
father the Bischop of Ylis, that against our lawis and in con- 
tempt of our authoritie, a Preist was violentlie takin out of his 

* Secretary Stirling's MS. Register, Adv. Library. 

t John Lesly, translated to Raphoe in 1633, and subsequently to 
Clogher, in Ireland. He died anno 1671, above 100 years of age. — See 
Athen, Oxon,, Ware^s Antiq., KeithUs Bish. 

X To this day almost all the inhabitants of the Clanranald estates are 
Roman Catholics. 

VOL. I, I 


custodie by some persones who did depend upoun the said 
Gaptaue,! [and] for whom he should be answerable, and 
besydes that violence was offered to the persone of the said 
Bischop: — OUB pleasour is ther be no dispensing with the 
said Captanes compeirance, bot that yow proceid against him 
as you find the nature of the offence to requyre. — Whythall 
10th Dec. 1631. 

{To be eontintwl,) 



No. I. 


[The noted Clan battle of Glenfruke between the Clan Grbgor and 
the CoLQUHOUNS, in which the latter were defeated with great slaughter, 
was fought in the month of February, 1603, seven months before the date 
of this Petition.] 

Grace, Mercy and peace from God our Father and the Lord 

Jesus Christ. 
It MAY PLEis your Lordschippis That the miserable easteat 
of this province and pairt of the countrie within the boundis 
quhairof we bear the charge in the ministrie hes movit and 
constrainit us in conscience to niak humble snte to your Lord- 
schippis for present remeid: for the cryis of the oppressit 
aboundis daylie : for raysing of fyr, slaughtir, Taking of men 
captives, murthering of tharoe being taen captive without pitie 
makand thair pastyme thairof, Reaffs, heirschippis, spulyies and 
other manifest enormeities and oppressionis committed within 
thir boundis be the brokin men in the Hielands especiallie be 
THE Clan Gbegoub and sic other clannes of tbair inbringing 
quhair throw the gentihnen of the countrie quha ar not abil 
to withstand thair powar ar compellit for feir of thair tirany to 
lave thair duellings and flee to burghis for refuge and saiftie 
and the pure are exponit as ane pray to thair crueltie sua that 
of our dewtie we cannot be silent in sua great a desolatioune. 
In consideration quhairof We have tane occasione to direct 

* From the original in the General Register House. 


thir presentis to yonr Lordscbippis, to quhome the cair of the 
defenss of the innocent and oppressit belangis now in the ab- 
sence of his Majestic our Souerane Requesting and exhorting 
your Lordschippis in ye name of ye Eternall God to quhome 
yonr Lordschippis man give a rekoning ane day to tak sum 
spedy order for repressing of sic manifest enormities and op- 
pressionis that Godis pepill may leive peaceablie and quyetlie 
at your handis ; and as ye will be answerable to his Divine Ma- 
jestic and have your Lordschippis awin soulis free from the 
giltines of the innocent bind that is sua neidlesslie shed. The 
perticular complentis that hes cum and ar to cum in befoir your 
Lordschippis will mak this mater mair manifest. Thus ex- 
pecting redress of thir miseryies from your Lordschippis We 
commend you to the blessing and the protectioune of the 
Eternall from our Presbiterie of Stirling the xiiij. day of 
September 1603. Your Lordschippis maist humble in Christ 
The bretheren of the Presbyterie of Stirling. (Signed) A. 
Levingstone Moderator; James Dnncansone Clerk. — (addres- 
sed) To our Speciall Gude Lordis The Lordis of his Majes- 
teis Secret Counsell. 

No. II. 


At Dunhartane, 17 April 1604. 
Heibing the treachrie of the tyranus persones of the name of 
THE Clan Geegoue and fyring of the town [of Dumbarton] 
be thame : Thairfoir it is statut and ordainit that the town be 
devydit in aught pairts and ilk aught pairt to watch ane nycht; 
The waches to be arranit and placit nychtly be ye quartare 
Maisteris chosen be ye Baillies and quha keepis nocht watch 
According to the Baillies ordinance to wit giff he be at 
hame himself and [sendis nocht] in his absence ane sufficient 
man, to pay fortie v" for his disobedience and the samen to be 
payit to the waches ; and that the Baillies cheiss aught quar- 
tare Maisteris ; Item that na dwellaris in this Town ressave onie 
straingeris puir or riche without making the Baillies foirseen 
under the paine of fourtie v» the two pairts to the Town, the 
third to the Baillies. 

* Communicated to the Editor by James Dennistoun of Dennistoun, 
Esq., from the Records of the Burgh of Dumbarton. 


No. III. 


At THE DowNE OP Mbntbith the tent day of September 
jM vio sex zeiris : The quilk day in presence of ane noble and 
potent Lord Archibald Eblle of Ergylle Lord Camp- 
bell and Lome &^. his Majesties Lieutenant and Commission- 
air over THE Clan Griqour constitute be act of Secrete 
Counsall to cbairge thame be his awin precept to compeir be- 
foir him quhen and quhair he sail appoint with powar to grant 
respettis and remissiones to sa mony of the said surname of 
M^^Qregour as will renunce thair awin surnames and find cau- 
tion to be answerable and obedient to his Majestic and his 
hienes lawis in tymes cumin for pacifyeing of the hielandis and 
pairtis adjacent thairto conforme to the tenour of the act of 
Parliament haldin in July I*' V° four score thrie yeirs as the 
said act of the secrete Counsall of the dait at Perth the eleven 
day of the moneth of July I^ VP sex zeiris"f- instant mair fullie 
proportis personallie comperit the personis vnderwritten de- 
scendit of the race and surname of M^'Qrigour Thay ar to say 
Archibald M^donche V^Allester and tuke upoun [him] 
selif the surname of Stewart and sicklike personallie comperit 
Grigour M^Patrik and tuke to himselff the surname of Dou- 
gall and AUaster M^Ewne V^'Qregour comperand personallie 
tuke to himselff the surname of Stewart and Callum M^^Gre- 
gour Dow lykwyse comperand personallie tuke to himselff the 
surname of Dougall and siclyke comperit personallie Neil 
MacGregour V°ean V^Gregour and tuke to himselff the sur- 
name of Grant, and Grigour M^Grigour Dow bruther to 
the said Callum comperand personallie tuke to him the sur- 
name of Dougall and Jhone Dow M°Gregour V<^ean tuke to 
him the sirname of Orant and sicklyke comperit personallie 
Duncan M^Robert (and) tuke to himselff the surname of Dou- 
gall and Duncan M^^Patrik M^'ean in Cadderlie comperand 
personallie tuke to himselff the surname of Orant and Jhone 
MacDougall owir tuke to him the surname of DoiLgall and 

* Communicated to the Editor by James Dennistoun of Dennistoun, 
Esq., from the original among the Luss papers. 

t The volume of the Privy Council Record containing the act here 
alluded to has been amissing for many years. 


Johne Dow MMonche bain V^rob v^Gregour tuke to himselff 
the surname of Cunynghame and DougaU Chaiche comparand 
take to him the surname of DougaU and Allaster M^donche 
bane tuke to himselff the surname of Cunynghame and Johne 
M«William MacGregour tuke to himselff the surname of Dovr- 
gall and Duncan na Glen M^Gregour tuke to himselff the sur- 
name of and Patrik M°donche na glen compeirand 
personallie tuke to him the surname of and all the 
forsaidis personis sweir that in all tyme cumin that they sail 
call thaimselffs and thair baimis already procreat or to be pro- 
creat of their bodyis efter the surnames respective abone written 
and use the samyn in all thair doingis under the paine of deid 
to be execute upoun them without favour or ony of thame in 
caice thay failyie in the premissis : And siklyke the said Erlle 
of Ergylle Voluntarlie become actit and obleist as Cautionair 
and Suretie for the personis vnder written vnder the pecuniale 
paines efter specifeit viz*, for the saidis Archibald M^donche, 
Grigour M^Patrick, Galium M^Grigour, Duncan M^Robert, 
Patrik M^Patrik aldoche, Duncan NaGlen vnder the paine of 
fyve hundreth merks ; and for the saidis Allaster M^ewin, 
Neil M^Grigour, John Dow, Duncan M^Patrik, John Dow 
M^donche bain, DougaU Chaiche, Allaster MMonche bane and 
Patrik MMonche na Glen vnder the paine of three hundredth 
merks; and for the saidis Grigour MacGrigour and Galium 
Bain M**Grigour our, vnder the paine of two hundreth merks ; 
and for the said Johne M^Dougall vnder the paine of ane hun- 
dreth msrks all Scots money : — That the saidis personis and 
everie ane of thame sail in all tjrmes cuming behave them- 
sel£Ss as dewtifuU and obedient subjectis to our Souerane Lord 
and that themselfBs and all sic personis as thay are obleist to 
answer for be the lawis of this realme and generall Band sail 
observe and keip our Souerane Lordis peace gude rule and 
quyetness in the countrie and nawayes trouble invaid molest 
nor oppress his heynes subjectis by* ordour of law and justice 
vnder the pecuniall paines abone written to be payit be the 
saidis Principallis and Cautionar bot for ane failyie or ane con- 
traventioune allenarlie ; conforme to the concurrence sense and 
meaning of the said act of Secrete Counsall, And the saids 
personis having interchangit and renuncit thair surnames and 
now callit thamselffs after the surnames abone written band 
and obleisit thame to frie, relief and skaithless keip the said 
Erlle thair Cautionair of ye premisses, and of all that may re- 
sult thairupoun : And for the mair faithfuU observeing of the 

* By^ i.e. without 


premisses the saidis princip sllis and Cautionair ar content and 
consentis that thir presentis be actit and registrat in the buiks 
of our Souerane Lordis Secrete Counsall and Schirreff buiks 
of Ergylle Altenativ^, ad perpetuam rei memoriam, to have 
the strength of ane decrite of the saidis Lordis and Schirreff by 
interposing thair auctoriteis respective heirto with all executo- 
riallis necessary to follow heirupoun in forme as effeirs ; and 
the horning to be upon ane simple chairge of ten days allanar- 
lie and for registratioune heirof constitutis &<*. 
thair procuratouris, conjunctlie and severallie. In uberiori pro- 
curationis forma promittentes de rato : In witness of ye quilk 
. « ' * thingis written be Mr James Kirk Shirreff-Depute forsaid be- 
foir thir witnes Johne Erll of Tullibardine, Harie Stewart of 
Sanct Colme, Alexander Schaw of Qainmismoirjr^ James Dog 
feeir of Dunrobin, William Stirluig of Achyll. , ^ . 'V^^^^Ji^ - ' 

No. IV. 


Most gratious Soveraigne. 

May IT PLEAS your most sacred Majestic, I have ofttymes 
compleaned of the insolence and heavy oppressioune commit- 
ted upon me my tonnentis and lands be the Clanegregour and 
have been forced to be silent this tyme bygaine, hopeing that 
some tyme thair sould beine an end thereof : Bot now finding 
my selfe disappointed and thame entered to thair former cours- 
ses, have taine occasioun to acquent your Sacred Majestic 
thairwith Beseiking your Majestic to have pitie and compas- 
sioune upon as your Majesteis obedient subjectis and remanent 
puire pepille quha suS'eris and to provyd tymous remeid thair- 
in ; and that your Majestic may be the better informed in the 
particularis I have acquent your Majesteis Secretarie thairin ; 
To quhois sufficiency referring the rest, and craving pardoun 
for importuneing your Majestic, I leive in all humanitie in 
your Majesteis most sacred handis. 

Your sacred Majesteis most humble 
and obedient subject 

Alexander Colquhoun 

Jiosdo, the 18 day of ) off LusS. 

November, 1609. ) 

* From the original in Denmylne MSS., Advocates' Library. 


No. V. 

ABY, 1613. 

[This is one of a number of Memoranda of the proceedings of the 
Privy Council, sent to London for the information of king James VI., which 
Memoranda afterwards came into the possession of Sir James Balfour 
of Denmylne, and are now, with his other MS. collections, preserved in 
the Advocates' Library. 

Regarding Robert Abrogh, the most noted and able outlaw in a tribe 
so many of which were at this time outlaws, see supra, p. 96. The 
king's letter alluded to in the text, and another royal letter to Sir Duncan 
Campbell of Glenurchy, in favour of Robert Abroch,* were written at the 
intercession of the Yiscgunt of HADDmoTON and his brother Sir George 
Ramsay ; and, notwithstanding the opposition of the Privy Council and 
of the Laird of Glenurchy, the influence of his patrons procured for Mac- 

Sregor very favourable terms, as will be illustrated on a future occasion, 
ut of gratitude to his benefactors, Robert Abroch took the name of 
Ramsay. It is remarkable that the traditions and songs of the Highlands 
should be almost silent in regard to a man whose fame as a partizan far 
exceeded that of the well-known Rob Rot.] 

His Majesteis missive concerning Robebt Abboch, wes 
presentit and red in Counsell; Bot becaus he culd not find 
cautioun for his dewtifull behaviour in tyme cuming and for 
his remaning furthe of the boundis quhair formerlie he com- 
mittit his insolenceis ; the counsell hes superseide the ezpeiding 
of his remissioun till the knawledge of his Majesteis pleasour ; 
and in the menetyme thay have granted unto him ane protec- 
tioun to be untroubled quhill the xv day of May nixt, with 
promeis that he sail not hant the boundis abonewritten quhill 
that day, and that he sail compeir befoir the counsell gif he 
sail happen to be dischargeit afoir that day. 

The Laibd of Lundie brother to the Eble of Abgtle 
being to repair to confer with his brother anent the service of 
THE Olangbegoub as he pretendis: He hes nominat the 
Laibd of Lawebis to have the charge of that service till his 
return and upoun Laweris' acceptatioun of the charge Lundie 
is to have a license for his upcuming. 

* Glenurchy's answer to this letter will be found infraf p. 135. 


No. VI. 


The Counsell ressaved your Majesteis letter concerning 
Robert Abroches remission and protection, which upon 
hope of your Majesteis gratious permission thay have delayed 
to performe till be thair direction to me, your Majestic may be 
informed be my letter that Robin Abroch is reported to have 
bene the most bludie and violent murthourar and oppressour of 
all that damned race and most terrible to all the honest men 
of the cuntrie ; who now ressaving favour above all others of 
his kin, being dispensed from compeirance before the counsell 
to mensweare his name, and from finding caution for his com- 
peirance before the counsall whanevir he sail be charged under 
competent paynes, which hes bene the ordour prescryved to all 
the rest of that clan without exceptioun ; the favour granted to 
him gives him louse renyies, discourages these who standis in 
feir of his barbarous oppression, and may move uther broken men 
to stand out until they get lyke conditions, and perhaps tempt 
some who stand alreddie bund to the peace to lope furth wbill 
thay obtene the lyke fredome and immunitie from all ordour 
and obedience: And thairfore the counsall most humblie 
craves that your Majestic may allow them to urge Robin 
Abroch to observe the common ordour prescryved to all others 
of his clan, and obeyed inviolablie be such as obteaned remis- 
sions ; Bot if your Majestic be resolved to the contrarie upoun 
signification of your determined pleasour, thay will most red- 
delie obey your royall comman dementis, and do intend for his 
present saiftie to grant him ane protection quhill the xv day of 
May, provyding he forbeare to repaire to the Schirefdomes of 
Dumberten, Stirling, Perth and Invernes: Thairfoir I most 
humblie beseik your Majestic to returne the signification of 
your gude pleasour, so sone as convenientlie may be in thir 
pourposes. — In expectation whairof I beseik God to prolong 
your lyfe, preserve your health, increass your Majesteis prospe- 
riteis, and accompleis your wished contentmentis. Ed', this 
14 Januar [1613]. 

Your most sacred Majesties most 
humble, faithfull and bund servand 
S. Th. Hamilton. 

* From the original in Denmylne MSS., Advocates* Library. 


No. VII. 


Pleis your excellent Majestie, 
Your Heiohnes lettres writtin in favouris of Bobbbt Ab- 
BROCHE M^GEEGOUR now calling himself Ramsay, I have 
ressavit, Quhairby I am willit to repossesse him in quhatso- 
evir landis he haith rycht unto without truble or plea in law ; 
It is of treuthe that he did possess eertane landis belonging to 
nie without ony rycht or titill at all, yea so far aganis my con- 
sent that withe remembrance of my verie grit loiss I sail re- 
pent I had suche tennent ; And quhen he as one of the chief 
and speciall ringleadaris of his viperous clan, did nocht con- 
tent thameselffis to wrong me by the most barbarous oppress- 
ing of my tennentis, but had also ovirune ane grit pairt of thre 
or foure Schirefdomeis ; Then the generale greif of sa mony 
dewtefull subjectis maid the exterminacioun of this damnable 
raice of people to be resolvit upone as most expedient and 
necessary for your Majesteis peace and obedience and the 
suretie of your heighnes dewtefull subjectis duelling in thais 
pairtis ; whiche work since it tuik beginning haith bene evir 
chairgeable to your Majestie, panefull to the cuntrie, and with 
my particular very grit hurt and skayth^ having had besydis 
many former loises within les nor thais xviij monethis tua 
hundrethe merk land waistit and spoiled be that Clan con- 
dacted be this sam man now recommendit ; my tennentis thair 
wyflSs and young chUdrene unmercefnllie murthoured, and sick 
of thame as eschaipit the sworde, in regaird thair housses wer 
all brunt, being left in the oppin air, boithe the aigit and 
younger sorte were killit with colde. It may perhaps by some 
be sapponit that this service is at some gude poynt, bot quhen 
all boith noblemen, barronis and gentilmen who haith most 
interess in this work wer conveyned, then it wes amang thame 
resolved and by thame to your Majesteis counsell proponed 
and thair also allowit of, that without transplantatioun of this 
Clan, no quyetnes to thais boundis culd be expected; So as 
this manis repossessioun to any landis whiche by strong hand 
he held formerlie without any rycht at all implyis a direct ran- 

* From the original in Denmylne MSS., Advocates' Library. 


verseing of qahatevir was intendit for the gude of that service ; 
The particular harme and inconvenience quhairof being unfelt 
no doubt to thais who hes bene so eimist solicitouris in the 
behalf of this man, so ar thay als far mistakin in thair under- 
taking for his gud behaviour in tyme cuming ; In regaird thair 
is no doubt at all hot quhen he findis himself of new strenth- 
ened withe a fresche grouth of this unhappie weid (quhairof 
thair be of male kynd sum xvj*^ of new arising) lyke aneuch 
he will put who promisses in his behalf to ane personall ac- 
tioun for thair relief. And becaus hard experience haithe 
maid me more sensible nor utbiris and my dewtie to your 
Majestic doeth enforce me to conceale nothing of my knaw- 
ledg heirin, I have thairfoir presumed to acquent your heigh- 
nes with the treuthe, assureing your Majestie one my credit 
that gif the fiingleadaris of this Clan sail have the libertie to 
duell and reside in thair former possessiounis, this undircotting 
wonde sail be found heireftir more incurable : Alwayss for my 
awn pairt haveing lyfe and whole estait evir reddie at your 
Majesteis dispoiseing, I moist humblie tak my leif; Praying 
God almichtie to contenew long your heighnes happie and 
prosperous reigne and restis 

Your Majesteis moist humble 

and obedient servitoure 

DuNCANB Campbell, 
Minhruehe thf ) of Glenurquhay. 

2ofFehruarij} ^ ^ 

1613. ) 

{To he conUntted,) 


[William Macleod of Dunveoan was the eldest son and suc- 
cessor of Alexander Macleod of Danvegan, well known in the traditions of 
the Highlands as Allaster Grotachy or humpbacked. The old hereditary es- 
tiites of the SeiU Tormod, or Macleods of Harris, viz. Harris, Danvegan, 
Miuganish, Bracadale, Durinish, Lynedale, and Glenelg, had descended to 
William Macleod, under a destination to the heirs whomsoever of his 
father, making this large estate in fact a female fief. But he was at the 
same time the vassal of the Grown in the lands of l^utemess, Sieat, and 
North Uist, under a different destination, which made these extensive 
estates a mode fief. The actual occupants of the last-mentioned lands, 
indeed (with the exception of Trouterness which had long been the sub- 


ject of dispute, and frequently changed masters), were the Macdonalds of 
Sleat, but the legal right was at this time undoubtedly vested in the per* 
son of William Macleod. 

On his death in 1553, without male issue, the two properties which 
were by law vested in him were separated. The first being a female fief, 
went to his infant daughter and heiress Mary ; the last being a male fief, 
descended to his brother and heir-male. Donald, the second son of 
Allaster Orottachf seized the estate to the prejudice of his niece, but did 
not enjoy it long, being murdered at Kingsburgh in Trouterness, by a 
relation of his own, named John Oig Macleod ; and as he left no issue, 
ToRMOD, the third son, became heir-male. It is said that after Do- 
nald's death, John Oig plotted the destruction of Tormod, then a youth, 
at Glasgow (to whom he himself would have succeeded as heir-male), 
but was prevented by the friendly interposition of the Earl of Argyle. 
John Oig, however, contrived to keep possession of the estate for seven 
years ;* and on his death, Tromod found himself without any legal claim 
to the ancient possessions of the fiEimily, whilst the estates nominally his 
had yet to be won by the sword from the warlike tribe by whom they 
were occupied. The Seill Tormod, partaking of the prejudice arising from 
the old Celtic customs against female rule, took the part of the heir-male ; 
and on the other hand, the feudal gift of the ward and marriage of the 
infant heiress was eagerly sought from the Crown by those who believed 
themselves powerful enough to enforce her rights for their own benefit. 

The present series of Documents will shew that, in the end, the wishes 
of the Ulan prevailed ; the upholders of the feudal law being compelled 
to make a compromise with the advocates of ancient customs, greatly to 
the advantage of the latter. They afford also an admirable illustration of 
the policy of the house of Argyle, as it will be seen that by yielding with 
a good grace, and abstaining from too harsh an exercise of his legal right, 
the Earl of Argyle strengthened his own power by an alliance with ttoo 
powerful tribes instead of one, and made great progress towards the ac- 
quisition of the feudal superiority of the lands held by both.] 

No. I. 


Anb letterb maid to George Erle op Huntlie Lord Gor- 
(ioiin and Badynach &**. Chaucellar to cure Souerane Lady his 
airis and assignais ane or ma of the gift of the waird and non- 
eutres males fermes proffettis and dewiteis of all and sindrie the 
landis vndir writtin That is to say the landis of Areth, Dmme- 

* MS. History of Macleods. 

t Regisirum Secreti Sigilliy vol. 25, fo. 47. 


va[ga]ne, Troatemess, the landis of Slaitt and Northoist, the 
landis of Doiyness, the landis of Brakadell, the landis of Me- 
gyness, the landis of Glenelg, and of all wtheris 

landis and annuelrentis quhilkis pertenit to vmqnhile William 
Myeloid of Dunnevagane with the castellis touris fortalices 
mylnis multuris woddis fyscheingis anneris connexis baith pro- 
pertie and tenandrie with tenentis tenandriis semice of free ten- 
nentis aduocationn donatioun and gj{t of patronage of the kirkis 
benyfices and chaplaneriia of all and sindrie the foimemmit landis 
and thair pertinentis gife ony be of all yeris and tennis bygane 
and that the samin hes bene in oure souerane ladyis handis or 
hir predicessouris thairof be resoun of nonentres or waird sen 
the deceise of the said vmquhile William or ony vtheris his 
predicessouris last lauchfull possessouris thairof immediat ten- 
nentis to oure Souerane lady or her predicessouris of the sa- 
min and siclik of all yeris and termis to cum ay and quhill the 
lauchfull entre of the richtuus air or airis thair to being of lauch- 
full age with the relief thairof quhen it sal happin Togidder 
with the mariage of M^'Cloid and 

air of the said vmquhile William and failyeing of be de- 

ceiss vnmariit the mariage of ony vthir air or airis maill or 
female that sal happin to succeid to the said vmquhile William 
or to ony vtheris his predicessouris in the landis and heritage 
foirsaidis with all profettis of the said mariage with power &*^*. 
At Edinburgh the xi day of februar the yeir of God I*' V^. and 
fyty tua yeris. 

Per signaturam. 

No. II. 

GAN, 1555.* 

Att Edinburgh the day of the yeir of God 

I** V*^ and Iv zeris It is appoynttit aggreit and fynalie con- 
tractit betwix noble and mychtie Lordis That is to say 
George Erle of Huntlie Lord Gordoun and Badyenoch 

* General Register of Deeds, vol. 1. fo. 230. Recorded 18th Nov. 


on that ane pairte and Abchibald Eblb of Abgyle Lord 
Campbell and Lome on that vther pairt in maner forme and 
effect as ef ter f ollowis : That is to say forsamekill as the said 
George Erie of Hantlie haifand be gift of our Souerane Ladie 
with auise of hir tutour and Gouemour for the tyme to him 
his airis executouris and assignayis ane or may the warde and 
nonentress males fermes proffettis and dewiteis of all and sin- 
drie the landis undir writtin That is to say the landis off Areth, 
Dunnivagane, &<*. [narrates the preceding gift verbatim] 
Thaibfoir the said George Erie of Huntly sail renunce and 
oargif the said gift of the ward nonentress releiff and mariage 
foirsaid with all rycht, titill of rycht, clame and entress qahilkis 
he had, hes or ony wyse may clame or haif thairto in our 
Souerane Ladie and hir derrest moder and regent of hir realme 
handis in favouris of the said Archibald Erie of Argyle for ane 
gift of new thairof to be geven agane be our Souerane Lady 
to him his airis and assignajds of the samin And the said Erie 
of Huntlie oblissis him to warrant the said warde releiff non- 
entress and mariage foirsaid fra all dispositionis and giftis maid 
or gevin of befoir to ony maner of personis be himselff or ony 
of his sonis sen the dait of the samin : Fob the quhilkis 
the said Archibald Erie of Argyle bindis and oblissis him to 
thankfullie content and pay to the said George Erie of Huntlie 
the sowme of tudff hundreth merkis usuale money of this 
realme in maner following That is to say at the feist of My- 
chealmess nixtocum efter the dait heirof the sowme of fyve 
hundreth merkis to be payit laid doune and deliverit in Sanct 
Antonis He situat within the paroche Kirk of Sanct Geill of 
the bnrgh of Edinburgh and siclike at the samin tyme the said 
Archibald Erie of Argyle sail grant the tuentie merk land of 
Memmoir in Lochquhaber within the Schireffdome of Innerness 
annaliit to his predicessouris be the said Erie of Huntlyis pre- 
dicessouris vnder reversioun contenand the sowmes of money 
specifeit thairintill to be lauchfullie redemit and quitout be the 
said George Erie of Huntlie conforme to the reversioun maid 
thairupone and grant the sowmes of money specifeit in the said 
reversioune payit be the said Erie of Huntlie to him thairfoir 
at the seith of the said reversioune and renunce and discharge 
inlikwise the takkis thairof efter the redemptioun and that to 
be defalkit and allowit in the said payment of the sowmes foir- 
said of tuelf hundreth merkis as it extendis And for the rema- 
nent of the said sowme of twelff hundreth merkis the said Erie 
of Ergyle sail at the feist of Mychaelmes foirsaid find suffi- 
cient cautioun and souirtie burgess men within Edinburgh 


duelland, actit in the bukis of Counsale or officiallis bukis of 
Lowthiane for pajnnent thairof at Sanct Androiss day nixt 
thaireftir following ; QuHiLKis being f olfillit be the said Erie 
of Argyle to the said Erie of Huntlie or to ouy vtheris his 
procuratouris haifand his power to that ciFect The said Erie of 
Huntlie sail mak resignatioune of the ward, nonentress, mari- 
age and releiff of the landis foirsaidis in maner abone expremit 
and sail exhibite and produce the reuersioune of the saidis 
landis of Memmoir to the effect that the said Erie of Argyle 
may grant the sowmes of money contenit thairintill to be res- 
sauite be him fra the said Erie of Huntlie for redemptioune of 
the saidis landis of Memmoir and to grant the saidis landis 
thairthrow to be lauchfullie redemit and quitout and siclik 
to ressave the sowme of fyve hundreth merkis and cau- 
tionne for the remanent of the said tuelf hundreth merkis 
as said is : And oife the said Erie of Argyle happy unis 
to failye in fulfilling of his pairte of the said contract at 
the said feist of Mychaelmess assignit thairto in maner abone- 
writtin the said contract to be fra thyne f urth expirit in 
the selfiT null and of nane availl and the said Erie of Huntlie 
to be f re thairof in tyme cuming : And for sure keping and 
fulfilling of this present contract in all poyntis abonewrittin 
bayth the saidis parteis ar content and consentis that the samin 
be registrat and insert in the bukis of counsall or in the offi- 
ciallis bukis of Louthiane submittand thame to his jurisdic- 
tioune in that caise and the saidis pairteis oblist and moneist 
to f ulfiU the samin to vtheris in aU poyntis vnder the paynis 
of horn3mg poynding or oursing; letteres and executoriellis 
to be direct thairupone in forme as etferis and to that effect, 
&^. [Follows clause of registration in common form.] 

In witness of the quhilk thing baith the saidis pairteis 
presentis hes subscriuite this present contract with thair 
handis day yeir and place foirsaidis Befoir thir witnesses 
Gilbert Erie of CassiUis, Jhone Erie of Soderland, Thomas 
Orahame, Donald Abbot of Cowper, Alexander Conan with 
vtheris diverse. Sic subscribitur. Eble of Abgyle; 

George Erle of Huntlie. 


No. III. 


[Thb Earl of Huntlt having fallen into disgrace with the Regent 
for neglect of duty in not patting a stop to some disorders in the Highlands, 
was compelled, among otner penalties, to divest himself of his interest in 
the estate of Donvegan. This he did by a special Deed of Assignation 
in favour of the Queen Regent herself. The Earl of Argyle having open- 
ly declared for the Protestants, could not, at this time, expect any favour 
from the Regent, who endeavoured to procure the support of James Mac- 
donald, by making him the guardian and administrator of the wealthy 
heiress, Mary Macleod. The following notices from Sir Ralph Sadler's 
State papers shew that the Regent was disappointed in her expectation. 

'*One for that the Regent, by her policie, devised to stirre James 
M^'DoNELL and others of the Scottish Irishrie, against the Erlb of Ar- 
GTLE, to the intent the same Erie might be so occupied at home in de- 
fence of his country as he should have no tyme to attend this matter : 
Wherefore it behaved him to go home for the stay thereof, which he hathe 
now so well ordered as the Regent shall be clerely frustrate and deceyved 
of her expectation in that beh&." — Extract Letter, Sir Bcdph Sadler and 
Sir James Croft to Mr Secretary Cecilly %th Sept 1659. — Sadler ii. p. 431. 

'^ The Erie of Huntley remayneth at home in his countrey ; but his son, 
as they say is coming to the protestants with iiij*. horse ; and James Mac- 
DONNELL, whom the Regent heretofore stirred against the Erle of Ar- 
OTLE is also commyng to them with vii". footmen." — Extract Letter, Sir 
jB. Sadler and Sir James Oroft to Mr Secretary CecUl, 26th Octr. 1559. — 
Sadler ii. p. 617. 

As early as 1554, if not before that time, James Macdonald of Duny- 
veg was married to Agnes Campbell, sister to the then Earl of Argyle.] 

Be it kend till all men be thir present letteres Ws Marie 
QUBNE DOWREAR OF SCOTLAND and Kegent of the samin 
cessioner and assignay lauchfuUie constitute be oar traist cous- 
ing George Erll of Huntlie Lord Gordoun and Badye- 
noch &<*. in and to the waird and nonentries males fermes prof- 
fettis and dewiteis of all and sindry the landis vnderwritten 
That is to say the landis of Arech, Dunniv[ag]ane the landis 
of Duryness, the landis of Brakadell, the landis of Megyness, 
the landis of Glenelg, and of all vtheris landis and annuelren- 
tes quhilkis pertenit to YMQUHILE William M^^Cloide op 
DUNEYAGANE with the castellis tonris fortalices mylnes multuris 

* General Register of Deeds, vol 4, fo. 319. Recorded 12th Sep- 
tember 1561. 


woddis fischingis annexis connexis baith propertie and tenendrie 
with tenends tenendriis and seruice of fre tenentis advocatioune 
donatioune and gift of patronage of the kirkis benefices and 
chaplanenes of all and sindry the foirnemmit landis and thair 
pertinentis gif ony be of all yeiris and termes bygane that 
the samin hes bene in our Souerane ladeis handis or hir predi- 
cessooris as superiouris thairof be ressoun of nonentres or ward 
sen the deceis of the said umquhile William or ony utheris his 
predecessouris lauchfull possessouris thairof immediat tenentis 
to our Souerane Ladie or her predicessouris of the samiu and 
sic like of all yeiris and termes to cum ay and quhill the lauch- 
full entre of the richteous air or airis thairto being of lauchfull 
aige with the releif thairof quhen it sail happin togidder with 
the mariage of Marie M^'Cloidb dochter and air of the said 
vmquhile WilKame and failzeing of her be deceis vnmareit the 
mariage of ony vther air or airis maill or famell that sal hap- 
pin to succeid to the said vmquhile Williame or to ony vtheris 
his predicessouris in the landis and heretage foirsaidis with all 
proffettis of the said mariage as the said assignatioun maid 
to ws and oure airis be oure said cousiug George Erll of Hunt- 
lie vnder his seil and subscriptioune manual! in the self at mair 
lenth proportis: To HAUE gevin, grantit, transferritt, sauld 
and disponit and be thir oure letteris gevis, grantis, transferis, 
sellis, and disponis To oure weilbelouit James M^'Coneill op 
DuNNEVEAG AND Glenniss his airis and assignais, All and 
haill the ward nonentries releif and mariage abone-writtin and 
proffittis thairof and all richt tittill and clame of richt quhilk 
we had hes or ony maner of way ma have thairto be vertu of 
the said assignatioune maid be ws or oure airis of the samin 
and that for certane greit sovmes of money payit and deliuerit 
to ws be the said James off the quhilkis we hald ws well con- 
tent and payit and quitclames and dischargis him his airis and 
assignais and all vtheris thairof be thir presents: Gevand 
grantand tumand and transferrand fra ws and oure airis all 
richt enteres and clame of richt quhilkis we had, hes, or ony 
wyse may have or clame in and to the said assignatioune maid 
to ws be oure said cousing of the ward, nonentress, releif and 
mariage abone writtin and proffettis thairof In the said James 
M^'Coneill his airis and assignais; with power to him and thame 
to intromett and tak vp the males, fermes, proffettis and dew- 
teis of the saidis landis during the tyme of the waird and 
nonentres thairof and to dispone vpoune the said releif and 
mariage and proffettis of the samin as thai sail think maist ex- 
pedient and to brouke jois and vse the saidis principale gift and 


assignationne maid to us thairupoane with all richt and priui- 
lege thairof siclyk and als frele in all tbingis as we micht haue 
usit the samin befoir the making of this present selling and dis- 
positioune thairof : And for the mair verificatioun of all and 
sindry the premissis we have deliuerit the said letter of assig- 
nationne to the said James to be usit be him his airis and assig- 
nais to thair utilitie and proffet as thai sail think maist expe- 
dient ; QuHiLK principall gift and assignationne maid be ns 
of the samin we bind and obliss ws and our airis to warrand 
acqueit and defend to the said James his airis and assignais as 
law will but fraude or gyle. In witnes heirof to thir presentis 
subscrivit with oure hand oure seill is hungin at the palice of 
Halyrudehous besyde the burgh of Edinburgh the xxvij day 
of Junii the yeir of God I**. V°. and fiftie nyne yeiris Sic 
subscribitur — Marie R. 

[In the month of March following the date of this deed, the Earl 
OF Abgtlb entered into a contract with Tobmod Macleod, the heir-male 
of the family ; which see supra^ p. 91.] 

No. IV. 


At Edinburgh the 21 May 1562. 

The samyn day in presens of the Quenis Majestie and Lordis 
of Secreit Counsall comperit Kenyeoch M^Kinzib of Kin- 
TAILL, quha being commandit be lettres and als be writtingis 
direct fra the Quenis Grace to exhibite, produce and present 
befoir hir Hienes Marie M^Cloyde, dochter and heir of um- 
quhile Williame M^Cloyde of Harich, conforme to the 
lettres and chargeis direct thairupoun : And declairit that 
James M^Coneill had ane actioun dependand befoir the 
Lordis of Sessioun aganis him for deliverance of the said Marie 
to him, and that thairfoir he could nocht gudlie deliver hir ; 
Nochtwithstanding the quhilk the Quenis Majestie ordanit the 
said Eenyoch to deliver the said Marie to hir Hienes and 
grantit that he suld incur na skaith thairthrow at the handis of 
the said James or ony utheris, nochtwithstanding ony title or 
actioun thay had aganis him thairfoir : And the said Kenyeoch 
Knawand his detftiU obedience to the Quenis Majestie and 
that the Quene had ordanit him to deliver the said Marie 
to hir Hienes in maner foirsaid quhilk he on na wyiss culd 

* lUgisi/rvm Secreti Concili% Acta. 
VOL. I. K 


dissobey : — and thairfoir deliverit the said Marie to the Qaenis 
Majestie conforme to hir ordinance foirsaid. 

No. V. 


A.D. 1562. 
Item the xxiiij day of December be the Qaenis 
Grace' Precept to Marie M^cloid ane elne 1 
quarter of blak weluot to be hade, mafell and 
turet, the elne vj^^ . . . Summa vij"**. x*. 

Item be the said Precept to Marie M^^cloid 
V elnis of chamlot m^kie, to be ane vdliecote, 
bodie and slevis, the elne viij'. . Summa xl". 

A.D. 1564-5. 
Item the zvj day of Marche be the Qaenis 
Grace' Prescept to Margaret Fame and Marie 
[M<^] CLon) in hir Grace's Chalmer : That is to 
say to the said Margaret iiij elnis of blak stain- 
ing to be ane cloke and ane dewanter the elne 
iij"^ ..... Summa xij"*. 

Item ane elne ij quarteris of blak welwote 
to bordour the samyne the elre vi^^ . Summa ix"^ 

Item ij unce of sdlk to thame, . . xx". 

Item tua dosane of lang talit buttonis, . xxiiij". 

Item to Marie M^^cloid to be ane cloke 
and ane dewanter of scarleth staining iij elnis 
the pryce of the ehie iij^^ x^ . . Summa x"^ x". 

Item iiij elne of blak and red buckrame as 
the said Precept togidder with the acquittance 
of ressait schawin upon compt beris, . xxxij". 

No. VI. 


[Arotle had by this time succeeded in establishing his right to the 
ward and marriage of the heiress, either by a revival of his contract with 

* Compota Thesaurarii Scotias. 

t General Register of Deeds, vol. 9, fo. 9. B^orded Feb. 1566-7. 


Hunily [supra, p. 138], or by purchase from James Macdonald. — The fol- 
lowing contract between him and Tormod Macleod is supplementary to 
their former contract [supra, p. 91]. Tormod was now in actual pos- 
session of the estates properly belonging to the heiress, and seems to have 
had but a weak hold of Troutemess, Slait, and North XJist, the only lands 
to which he had a legal claim.] 

At Edinburgh the tuentie foure day of Februar the yeir of 
God I** V^ thre scoir sex yeiris It is appointit, aggreit and 
finallie endit betuixt ane richt noble and michtie Lord Archi- 
bald Erle of Ebgile for him self and havand the richt of 
the ward and relief of all landis quhilkis pertenit to UMQUHILE 
William M^Cloid of Dunvegane with the mariage of 
]tf ABIE M^'Cloid onlie dochtir and appeirand aire to the said 
umquhile William and als acceptand the burdene upoune him 
for hir on that ane pairt: and ToRMOND M^Cloidb brothir 
and air maiU and of tailyie to the said umquhill William and als 
as air maill to wmquhile Alexander M^CIoid of Dunvigane his 
father of the landis of Trouternes Slait and North Weist on 
that uthair pairt in roaner following That is to say : FOESA- 
meele as the said noble Lord haifand the richt to the gift of 
the ward relief and mariage foirsaid sail do his diligence to 
obtene the said Marie M^Cloid to be heretablie infeft as air to 
the said nmquhill William his father^ and failyeing thairof as 
air to the said umquhile Alexander hir gudschir, of all landis 
untailyeit contenit in the charter maid to the said umquhile 
Alexander be oure Soverane Lord that last deceissit viz. the 
landis of Glenelg, lilengenis, Bracadell, Leondele, Durynes, 
Harras and Hirtht Gif the auld chartour and seisingis may 
be had and failyeing thairof sail do diligence to get to the said 
Marie of our said Soverane and hir successouris ane new in- 
feftement with chartour and precept of seising, with suppleying 
of all faultis, of lands untailyeit specif eit in the chartour grantit 
be our said Soveranis umquhill father to the said umquhill 
Alexander of befoir and the said Marie being heretablie infeft 
thairin [he] sail cans hir with consent of hir curatouris or spous, 
gif scho ony salhappin to have for the tyme, Infeft agane in the 
maist suir maner the said Tormond and his airis heretable in the 
saidis haill untalyeit lands To be haldin of our said Soverane 
and hir successouris ather be resignatioune or confirmatioune as 
he sail think maist expedient and pleise to devise efter the forme 
of hir said infeftment ; AND ALS the said noble Lord as havand 
the richt to the ward relief and mariage foirsaidis sail provide 
the said Marie M^^Cloid of ane husband and pairtie aggreable 
to hir estate ; and scho being mareit [he] sail cans hir with 


consent and assent of hir said future spous ratifie and appreif 
the said Infeftment to be gevin to the said Tonnond of the 
saidis untailyeit landis ; and als the said Erie sail at the tyme 
of the said ratificatioune discharge the said Tormond and his 
airis of all mailles fermes proffeittis and dewiteis of the saidis 
untailyeit landis of all yeiris and termes bigane intromettit with 
be him during the tyme of the said ward : QUHILEIS Infeft- 
ment being past and endit upoune the said Erleis expenssis in 
maner foirsaid the said Tormond sail incontinent thairefter mak 
him self to be heritablie infeft in all landis and anuelrentis con- 
tenit in the Chartour tailye of his said umquhile father as air 
of tailye to him ; and immediatlie thairefter sail infeft the said 
noble Lord and his airis thairin heretablie, To be haldin of our 
said Souerane and hir successouris ather be resignatioune or 
confirmatioune at the optioune of the said Erie, as frelic as the 
said umquhile Alexander his father held the samin of befoir ; 
the said Erie obtenand our souerane or hir successouris consent 
thairto : and als the said Tormond sail content, pay and de- 
liuer to the said Marie and hir said spous future the sowme of 
ane thousand pundis money in contentatioune of his part of hir 
tocher; and farder the said Tormond sail renunce all richt, 
kindnes, titill, interes and possessioun together with the byrun 
proflfeittis, maillies and dewiteis quhilkis he had, hes or may 
clame to the saidis tailyeit landis or bailliarie thairof, for him 
his airis and successouris for ever, and sail pretend na richt 
thairto in tymes cuming for ony cans bigane ; AND als the said 
Tormond being infeft as said is sail deliver to the said noble 
Lord all auld evidentis quhilkis he hes or may have of ony of 
the landis tailyeit abone written maid to ony his predicessouris 
of befoir ; AND for suir fulfilling of this contract and appoint- 
ment ather of the saidis palrteis ar content that the samin be 
registrat in the buikis of Counsale and to have the strenth of 
ane decreit of the Lordis thairof with executioune to pass thair- 
vpoune as eflfeiris In witnes of the quhilk thing ather of the 
saidis parteis hes subscrivit thir presentis with thair handis as 
followis day yeir and place foirsaidis Befoir thir witnes John 
Buttir of Gormok, Malcolm M^Phersone parsoune of Herreis, 
Johne Bischope of the Illis — sic subscribitur 

Archibald Erle of Abgile 

Tormond M^Cloid 

With my hand at the pen led be the notar 
wnder writtin. Ita est Thomas Blair no- 
taiius publicus ex speciali mandato dicti 
Tormondi manu propria. 


No. VII. 


[The Highland chiefs were by this time so sensible of the necessity 
of having legal titles to their estates, that the Earl of Argyle found little 
difficulty, after the arrangement with Tormod Macleod, by which he secured 
the service of that chief and his clan, in obtaining from Macdonald of 
Sleat a similar bond of service. — The superiority of the lands of Trouter- 
ness, Sleat and North Uist, it will be seen, was to remain with the Earl, 
which would have given him still more influence in the North Isles : but 
circumstances seem to have prevented the following contract from being 
carried into effect in every particular.] 

At Edinburgh the ferd day of Marche the yeir of God I** V° 
Ixvj. yeiris. It is appointit aggreit and finalie concordit betuix 
ane nobill and michtie lord Archibald Eble of Arqile Lord 
Campbell and Lome &®*. on ane pairte and Donald McDonald 
GoRME OF Slait OR the uther pairt In maner forme and ef- 
fect as efter foUowis : That is to say The said noble Erie sail 
obtene heretabill infeftment to him^ his airis and assignais off 
the land of Trouternes, Slait and northt pairt of Weist, 
Quhilkis pertenit to umquhile Alexander M^Clowd of 
DUNVAGEIN with thair pertinents To be haldin immediatlie of 
our Soverane Ladie the Quenis grace and hir successouris in 
fewferme as the said umquhill Alexander held the samin be- 
foir his deceis ; AND the said Infeftment being obtenit be the 
said noble Erie, he for service done and in speciallie to be done 
to him, his airis and successouris be the said Donald, his airis 
and successouris and for other caussis and considerationis, bot 
specialie in respect of the said Donald his airis and successouris 
service to be maid as said is, now as than and than as now 
oblissis him and his airis to mak sufficient heretabill Infeft- 
ment to the said Donald his airis and assignais of all and haill 
the foirsaidis landis with thair pertinentis ; To be haldin of the 
said nobill Erie and his airis in fewferme for yeirlie payment 
to thame of the feu males and dewiteis to be contenit in the 
said nobile Erlis infeftment thairof to be payit to our said 
Soverane and hir successouris with ane penny mair to the said 
Erie and his successouris : For the quhilk the said Donald 
be the tenor heirof bindis and obleissis him his airis execu- 

* General Eegister of Deeds, vol. 9, fo. 20. Becorded 5th March, 


touris and assignais to content and pay to the said nobill Erie 
his executonris and assignais the sume of ane thousand merkis 
usnall money of Scotland in an haill sowme at the perfeiting 
of the said infeftment to the said Donald and siclyk the said 
Donald be the tennour heirof oblissis him his airis executonris 
and assignais to content and pay to Mabte M^'Cloid dochtbr 


of five hundreth merkis money foirsaid to hir mariage; Pro- 
viding that the said Donald be infeft in the landis foirsaidis as 
said is: Becaus the said Infeftment to be maid be the said 
Erie to the said Donald is maist specialie maid in respect 
of the said Donaldis service foirsaid, Thairfoir the said Donald 
and his airis sail gif and deliuer at the resaving of the said infeft- 
ment ane band and obligatioune bindand and oblissand him 
his airis lelelie and trewlie to serve the said Erie his airis and 
snccessouris, concur and assist him and thame in all his and thair 
eflfearis, nocht being contrair our said Soverane nor hir succes- 
souris, and sail at all tymes be reddy thairto with his kin freindis 
and force, quhen and howof t he salbe requirit thairto, provyding 
that gif the said Donald or his airis happinis to failye thairintill 
or happenis to cum ony wayis contrare the said Erie his airis or 
successouris in ony caise, our said souerane onlie exceptit nor yit 
cummis nocht with diligence with his kin, freindis and force 
to the assistance of the said Erie his airis and successouris, be- 
ing requirit or warnit thairto as said is, or ony vther waise 
failyeis in his seruice allegeance or dewiteis. Than and in that 
caise the said Infeftment sail expire and be of nane availl force 
nor eflfect ; and that the said Donald and his airis salbe callit 
upoune the declaratour of thair said failye upoune fiftene dayis 
warning but diet or tabill [cavill] : AND forder the said Do- 
nald and bis airis at the ressaving of the said infeftment sail 
deliver to the said Erie and his airis thair BAND OF manrent 
for thame and thair airis in the best and stratest forme that the 
said Erie will devise, utherwayise the said Erie sail nocht be 
haldin to deliver the foirsaid infeftment ; AND sua the said Do- 
nald be the tenour heirof obleissis him beand infeft as said 
is to stand guid freind, fortifie and assist Tormond M^Cloid 
sone to the said umquhile Alexander M^Oloid of Dunvegane 
in his causses and defensses lefuU and honest in tyme cuming 
quhen he salbe requirit thairto be the said noble Erie ; * and 

* These obligations hy Macdonald, of manrent and service to the Earl 
of Argyle, and of friendship to Tormod Macleod, contained in this contract, 
are worthy of notice in reference to the series of Bonds of Manrent, &c. 


for obserneing keiping and fulfilling of the premisses ather of 
the saidis parteis bindis and oblissis thame faitbfnllie to nthair 
in maist sure forme of obligatioune that can be devisit but 
fraude or gyle, na remeid nor exceptioune of law quhatsum- 
ever to be proponit or allegeit in the contrair, Benunceand the 
same for thame thair airis executouris and assignais for now 
and ever be thir presentis ; and for the mair securitie ar con- 
tent and consentis that this present contract be actit and re- 
gistrat in the buikis of Counsale and decemit to half the strenth 
of ane decreit of the Lordis thairof and letteres and executori- 
allis of homing or poynding to be direct thairupoune and that 
the executioune of the ane prejudge nocht the vther for com- 
pelling of thame to fullfill the samin as is abonewrittin and 
for registring makis constitutis and ordanis Maisteris Dauid 
Borthwik, Robert Crychtoune thair undoutit and irrevocabill 
procuratouris coniunctlie and severalie in vheriori procuror- 
tionis forma, oblissand to hald ferme and stabill &^. In 
WITNEB of the quhilk thing baith the saidis pairteis hes sub- 
scrivit this present contract with thair handis In maner fol- 
lowing day yeir and place foirsaidis Befoir thir witnesses 
Constantyne Wakynschaw of Achancrewche, George Bo- 
quhannan of that Ilk, Bobert Stewart and Johne Stewart 
with utheris diverse — sic subscribitur 

Abchibald Eble of Abgile. 
Donald McDonald Gobme of Slaitt 
with my hand at the pen led be the notar under writtin 
at my command Ita est Jacobus Hoppringille nota- 
rius de mandato dicti Donaldi scribere nescientis manu 

No. VIII. 


[A PORTION of the lands and likewise the office of Bailliary of Trou- 
terness are included in this charter. It is difficult to say whether this 

commenced in the present part of the Collectanea (iupra p. 80). It is 
evident that the Macdonalds were now left in undisputed possession of 
Troutemess, Slate, and North Uist, otherwise a bond of friendship to 
the Macleods would have been a mockery. 
* Begutrwnit Maqni SigUli, lib. 33, No. 9. 


proceeded from an error, or from an alteration in the arraofiementB con- 
templated in the two documents immediately preceding, it certainly is 
not reconcileable with these documents, and may therefore be presumed 
to have arisen from some clerical error.] 

Rex, quia evidentiae terrarnm subscriptanim penitus com- 
bnstae et distmctae fuernnt in insulis borealibus regni, incur- 
sionibos et bellis civilibus inter incolas patriae &^. igitur &^. 
concessit Marie M<^CL0YID unice nepti et heredi linie quondam 
Alexandri McCloyid de Dxtnvagane per quondam Wil- 
LIELMT7M M^Cloyid sunm seniorum filium legitime procreatae, 
heredebus suis et assignatis terras vulgo nuncapatas Ardmanach 
in Herage de Lewis, cum omnibus insulis minutis ad dictam 
Ardmanach pertinentibus ; ac sex unciatas terrarum de Dyu- 
renes; quatuor unciatas terrarum de Myngenes; quatuor un- 
ciatas terrarum de Bracadell, cum una unciata terrarum de 
Leyndell, et duo unciatas terrarum de Trouterness ; una cum 
officio Balliatus terrarum de Trouterness in Skye ; infra Do- 
minium Insularum: et Terras et Baroniam de Glenelg cum 
castro &^. [infra] vicecomitatem de Invemes: — Tenendas de 
Rege in feodo, hereditate ac libera Baronia ut prius : Redden- 
do annuatim pro Ardmanach &** Wardas, relevia et maritagia 
cum contigerunt; una cum tentione unius navis viginti sex 
remorum, acduo navium seocdecim remorum, ad faciendum 
Regibus Scotiae, tam tempore pacis quam guerrae, servitia 
quando et quotiens per Regem sen Successores aut Loca- 
tenentes requisiti fuerunt; Ac etiam reservando Regi nidos 
Falconum infra dictas terras; et alia servitia de dictis terris et 
officiis debita et consueta: Necnon, reddendo pro terris et 
Baronia de Olenelg &^ jura et servitia de eisdem prius debita et 
consueta : Insuper pro bono, fideli et gratuito servitio impenso 
et impendendo per AEcraBALDUM Comitem Akgadie Dona- 
tarium [Donatorem?] Wardae et Maritagiae dictae Mariae, 
suoque f erven ti supplicatione et desiderio, dedit et disposuit 
dictae Mariae suis heredibus et assignatis, omnes praedictas 
terras &•*; cum omne jure, titulo &** quos Rex habuit ratione 
eschaetae, forisfacturae &^ &^*. De data 16 Septembris 1672. 

[In 1573 soon after the date of this charter, Mary Macleod was married 
by the Earl of Argyle to a kinsman of his own, Duncan Campbell younger 
of Auchinbreck. It was then proposed, with consent of her husband, to 
convey the lands contained in the preceding charter to Tormod Macleod, 
her uncle, by means of a Charter of Sale, as will appear from the follow- 
ing Extracts from an unsigned and undated Charter of Sale, still preserved 
in the Dunvegan Charter Chest : — 
"Omnibus banc cartam visuris vel auditnris Maria Makclotd de 


HxRiG) Salatem, &"*. Noveritis me cnm expressis assensa et consensu 
DuNCANi Campbell apfarbntis de Auchikbbek mei sponsi pro suo in- 
teresse ; vendidisse, alienasse et hac presenti carta mea confirniasse, &**. 
dilecto meo Tormondo Makclotd de Dunyagane et heredibns sais mas- 
cnlis quibnscunque, quibns deficientibus, heredibus suis quibnscunque, 
Terras meas vulgariter nuncnpatas Ardmanache in Herage de Lewis, &**. 
[exactly as in the charter 1572 above quoted] pro nonnullis pecuniarum 
summis et aliis gratitudinibus per nobilem et prepotentem Dominnm, 
Archibaldum Argadie Oomitem Dominum Campbell et Lorne, Cancella- 
rium Scotise, mihi et dicto meo sponso persolutis et factis, &*. &• " 

Legal objections, however, seem to have presented themselves to this 
course, and, finally, Tormod Macleod was infeft and seased in all the 
lands mentioned in the Boyal Charter 1572, upon a Charter of Besigna- 
tion under the great sea], dated 4th February 1579-80 ; and proceeding 
upon the resignation of Mary Macleod, with consent of her husband, in 
favour of the said Tormod. With his descendants the whole property 
(except Troutemess) remained for fully two centuries, and a large portion 
of it still remains. From Mary Macleod descended the later Barous of 
Auchinbreck, who always maintained a friendly intercourse with their rela- 
tions of the SeiU Tormod y and at this day there are in Harris many highly 
respectable families of the name of Campbell, whose ancestors were in- 
duced to settle there in consequence of this alliance.] 


No. L 


[The " troubles '' alluded to in this proclamation were caused by 
the opposition offered by the Earl of Murray, and others, particularly 
the Earl op Argylb, to the marriage of Mary Queen of Scots with 
Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley.— See Sir Walter Scott's History of 
Scotland, II., p. 99.] 

At Edinburgh 17 July 1566. 

Fobsameikill as throw the troublis occurreing the last yeir, 
the inhabitantis of the cuntre of Ergyle, Lome, Braidalbane 
Kin tyre and the Ilis were efferit to cum in the lawland for feir of 
invasioun and sic other impediments as than occurrit quhilk 

* BegUtrwm Secreti ConcUiiy Acta, 


tronbill, thankis to Gkxl, is qnietit to the honour of our Sove- 
ranis and welth of thair subjectis : And sen it is nocht onlie 
neidfull that guid nychtbourheid and abstinence fra all disples- 
sour and invasioun be observit amangis the haill lieges ; Bot 
that ather of thame sustene and releve utheris necessiteis be 
interchange of the excrescence and snperflew fruitis growand in 
the Laich and Hie landis ; Sua that necessarilie marcattis mon 
be kepit and all men indifferentlie without exceptioun repair 
thairto for selling of thair guidis and buying agane of sic neces- 
saris as ar unto thame neidfull and requisite ; Thairfoib ordanis 
lettres to be direct to officiaris of Armes, chargeing thame to 
pas to the Marcat croces of Perth, Striviling, Dunbartane, 
Kenfrew, Glasgow, Irvin, Air and all utheris places neidfull 
and thair be oppin proclamatioun command & charge all and 
sindrie our Soverane Lord and Ladyis liegis, That nane of 
thame tak upoun hand to invaid or persew utheris quhethir 
thay be Helandmen or Lowland ; or to oflfer or mak provoca- 
tioun of trouble or tuilye to utheris nochtwithstanding ony of- 
fence querrell or questioun falliog in the tyme of the saidis 
troublis under the pane of deid; Dischargeing all Scheriffis, 
Stewartis, Bailleis and thair deputtis and officiaris, and all 
Provestis and Baillies of Burrowis of all staying arreisting stop 
troubill or impediment making to the said Helandmen in bodiis 
or guidis in thair cuming to the saidis marcattis, remaining thair- 
in, or depairting thairfra, for ony cryme actioun cans or occa- 
sioun committit during the tyme of the saidis troublis or pro- 
ceeding thairon, and of thair offices in that pairt ; Bot that all 
men persew justice be the ordinar civile maner as appertenis. 

No. IL 

THAT ILK, 1565.* 

[The following act illustrates the difficulties under which trade was 
carried on previous to the issuing of the preceding proclamation. It is to 
be observed that the opponents of the Queen's marriage having taken 
arms, were compelled by the royal forces to retire into Argyle ; upon which 
a proclamation was made by the Privy Council forbidding the supply of 
provisions to the Rebels in Argyle, dated 3d November 1565.] 

At Edinburgh 21«« JVov', 1565. 

The quhilk day it was proponit to the King and Quenis 

* Begistrum Secreti Gondlii, Acta, 



Majesteis and Lordis of Secreit Counsall nponn the behalf of 
Allane Fischear, Thomas Fischear and certane thair collegiis 
how laitlie according to thair accustumat maner thay brocht 
certane ky furth of Ergyle to be sauld to thair Hienesses liegis 
in the lawland quhilkis ky ar takin frome thame be Patrick 
Houstoun of that ilk and utheris and intromettit with as the 
gadis of rebellis and ennemeis: The King and Quenis Ma- 
jesteis eftir consideratioun of the mater with avyiss of the 
Lordis of the Secreit Counsall, Findis that the saidis Ky 
nor na utheris guidis brocht furth of the pairtis of Ergyle be 
ony personis thair guid and trew subjectis to be sauld in the 
lawland for f umissing and sustentatioun of the cuntre according 
to use and wont, can ony wyiss pertene to thair Hienesses or 
ony utheris be resoun of escheit : Peovyding that the bringaris 
of the saidis Ergyle Ky in the lawland haif nor transport na 
victualis into Ergyle. 

No. III. 


Edinburgh 28 September 1609. 

FoRSAJMEKLB as Hector M^Claynb OP DOWART, Angus 
M^Coneill of Dunyvaig and certane utheris chiftanes of the 
Yllis who ar addebtit to the Kingis Majestic in the maillis and 
dewyteis of thair landis, hes of kit meanit thameselflSs unto the 
Lordis Commissionaris, that thay ar verie far prejugeit and 
maid unable to pay his Majesteis dewyteis of thair landis, be 
ressoun of a Proclamatioun and Prohibitioun maid within the 
boundis of Ergyle that no mercheantis or utheris sail buy ony 
mairtis,-f- horses or utheris goodis within the boundis of Mule 
or ony utheris of the West Yllis ; The saidis yllismen having 
no utheris meanes nor possibilitie to pay his Majesteis dewyteis 
bot be the sale of thair mairtis and horsses ; and the buying of 
such commoditeis being in all tymes bigane a free, constant 
and peccable trade to the merchandis alsweill of Ergyll as of 
the incuntrey, without ony restrent, trouble, questioun or im- 

* Begistram Secreti ConcUiiy Acta penes Marchiarium et Insularum or- 
t Marts j' Cattle fattened for winter consumption. 

151 OOLLBCTAinfiA 

pediment moved or intended in the contrair at ony tyme heir- 
tofoir; Qnhairby as the makaris of that Proclamationn hes 
committit a verie grite errour and oversicht in nsurpeing upoun 
thame snch a soverane power and auctoritie noway competent 
to a subject ; and thairwithall hes defrandit and prejngeit his 
Majesteis goode subjectis of the benefite of tbair lauchfall 
trade and intercourse of thair goodis wairis and merchandice, — 
so have thay very far hinderit his Majestic in the tymous and 
thankful! payment of his dewyteis ; in heich contempt of his 
Majesteis auctoritie and lawis: Thaiefoib, &**. [The said 
Proclamation and Prohibition annulled as unlawful; and all 
the lieges strictly prohibited from interfering in the trade of 
the Isles.] 

No. IV. 


At Edinburgh 28 March 1622. 

Sir Roey M^Eenzib of Cogachb hes action against Sir 
John M^^Douqall op Dunnolich, narrating That quhair 
Hector M^Clane of Dowart his brother in law being put at as 
Weill for his Majesteis dewteis as for debts to his creditors 
quhairby his house wes lyke to be ruined ; and Sir Rorie out 
of regaird to him and standing of his house having not only 
tane on him the burden of the said Hector's debts but the 
yeirlie payment of his Majesteis dutie extending to tua thou- 
sand fyve hundred merkis, for quhilk he had got a rycht to the 
said Hector's estate : And the said Sir John Macdougall 
having caused his oflSciers and servants quho attendit at Fer- 
reis opposite to the Isle of Mull quhair the Tennents of Mull 
wer accustumed to land with thair goodis to be sold in the 
country to mak [provisioun] for payment of his Majesteis 
dutie, exact a certane tole for the saidis goodis, molesting and 
invading them if they refuised. Sir Johne and his officiers ar 
ordained to be denunceit [Rebels] thairfoir. 

* From an old MS. Abstract of the Becord of Privy Council, in the 
Skene Library. 



{CofUinued from page 49.) 

No. XIV. 


Anent the charge gevin be our Soverane Lord be his writing 
under his subscriptioune direct to the Chancellar and Lordis of 
Counsale makand mentioune that Forsamekle as his hienes is 
infonnit that diverse personis inhabitantis the Ilys and ferme 
land annexit and adjacent to the samyne quhilkis labouris 
privatlie for new infeftment, and sum hes optenit new infeft- 
ments quhilkis may retume to the gret scaith of his hienes baith 
anentis his propir landis and his casuaUteis without the saymn be 
wisly considirit and forsene to be for the wele of his grace and 
realme and thairfor desirand ane act to be put in the bukis of 
counsale haifand the authoritie of the saidis Lordis decernand 
that na sick infeftmentis be made to ony personis inhabitantis of 
the Ilis and ferme landis pertenand thairto in tyme to cum bot 
be the avise of the lordis of counsale and of Colynb Erle op 
Ergile his louetennent in tha pairtis becaus it is vnderstand 
to his grace that the saidis landis or the malst pairt thairof ar 
his awin propir landis or ellis in his handis be ressoune of for» 
faltour eschete or nonentres as at mair lenth is contenit in our 
said souerane lordis writing direct thairupoune The quhilk de- 
sire the lordis thocht ressonable and thairfor ordanit that in 
tyme to cum na infeftmentis be maid to ony personis inhabi- 
tantis the Ilis and ferme landis pertenand thairto bot be the 
avise of our souerane lordis counsall and of Goltne Erle op 
Ergile his louetenent in tha pairtis sa that the samyn may 
be understand be thame to be for the wele and profiett of his 
hienes and conforme to ressoune and justice nocht hurtand his 
crowne anent his propir landis nor nane uther landis beand in 
his hand be ressoune of forfaltour eschete or nonentres and 

* Acta Damimrum ConcUU, voL 38, fo. 190.— 12*^ Nov. 1528.— This 
act is dated only a few months after the escape of James V. from the hands 
of the Douglases, and may help to illustrate the policy by which the Earl 
of Angus endeavoared to increase the number of his adherents. 


siclike all new infeftmentis laitlie past to be of nane avale with 
certificatioune gif ony infeftmentis beis gevin otherwais the 
samin to be of nane avale and now as thane and than as now 
decernis and declairis all sic infeftmentis gef ony beis to be of 
na vigour strenth nor effect in tyme to cum and that nothir 
signet prive sele nor grit sele ansuer to ony infeftmentis to be 
maid of ony landis within the boundis of the Ilis or ferme 
landis pertcnnand thairto without the samin pass be the lordis 
of our Soverane lordis counsale and his louetennent forsaid and 
vnderstand be thame to be for his honour wele and conforme to 
ressoune and justice eftir the desire of our said Soverane lordis 
writing and letteres of publicatioun to be maid heirupon as 

No. XV. 


At Edinburgh, IZth Dee, 1552. 

The quhilk day, Forsamekle as it was devysit statute and 
ordanit be the quenis grace, my Lord Grouemour and lordis 
of Secreit Counsail, That thair suld be reasit of the hieland 
pairtis of this realme within the boundis of my Lord Huntleis 
Ueuttenendrie tua ansaingyeiss of fittmenf to pass with the 
rest of the ansaingyeis to France to the support of the maist 
Ciistinit Kyng of France in his weiris lyk as in the Actis and 
Ordinancis maid thairupoun at mair lenth is contenit ; and to the 
effect that the said fittmen may be mair abill and substantious- 
lie accompturit with Jack and plait, steiUboiiett, sword, hmk- 
lair, new hois and new dovblett of Canvouse at the lest and 
slevis of plait or splenitis and ane speir of sax elne lang or 
ihairhy. It is thocht expedient that my Lord Huntlie, scMreff 
and Lieetennent in thay bowndis suld cause the said fittmen be 
reasit and that he suld be commissar in they pairtis to visie, sie, 
considdir and roll the samyn sua that throw necklegence of law- 
bouris thair suld be na thing left undone that may performe the 

* Begigtrum Secreti ConcUiiy Acta. 

t Two Ensigncies of Footmen ; Ensigncy meaning as many men as 
followed a pair of colours ; in modem language, a Be^^ent. 


teasing of the said fittmen : Thairfore Ordanis letteres to be 
dereck to ofBcieris of the quenis, schireffis in that pairt, charg- 
ing thame to pass and command and charge all and sindrie 
Erlis Lordis barronnis and ntheris fre halderis within the 
bowndis of the said Erlis Leetennentrie that thay and ilk ane 
of tham bring and present thair men that thai ar to be taxt 
and stentit to before the said Erie schireff and Commissar de- 
pnt thairto at sic day and pleace as he sail appont to tham ilk 
ane efferand to his awin pairt under the pane of rebellioun and 
putting of tham to Our home and eschett and inbring all thair 
movabill gudis to our Soverane Ladyis wse for thair contemp- 
tioun and sae mony personis as beis rollit and absentis tham 
and beis fugitive, That all sic personis be denuncit rebell and 
putt to the home and all thair movabill gudis eschettit as said 
is Withe power to the said Erie his deputtis and officiaris to 
serch and seik aU sic personis rebeUis, tak, apprehend and jus- 
tifie tham to the deid and gif ony persone or personis resettis 
ony sic personis rollit and fugitive as said is within thair boun- 
dis and presenttis tham nocht to the said Erie and Commissar 
foirsaid all sic resettaris salbe siclyk denuncit rebellis and put 
to the home and all thair movabiU gudis eschetit for thair 

No. XVI. 

TUBB, 1597.* 

OUB SoYEBANE LoBD with avise of the estaitis of this pre- 
sent Parliament considering that the inhabitantis of the He- 
landis and lies of this Eealme quhilkis are for the maist part 
of his Hienes annext propertie hes not onlie frustrat his 
Majestic of the yeirlie payment of his proper rentis and deu 
service properly addebtit be thame to his Maiestie furthe of 
the saidis landis bot that they have lykwayis throche thair 

* Acts of Parliament of Scotland, voL iv. p. 138, — 16th December 


barbams inhumanitie maid and presentlie maikis the saidis 
Hielandis and lies qubilkis are maist commodious in tbame- 
selves alsneill be the ferteillitie of the ground as be riche fische- 
ingis be sey altogidder unprofitabil baith to thameselffis and to 
all uthers his Hienes liegis within this Kealme thay nathair 
intertening onie civil or honest societie amangis thame selfis 
neythir yit admittit utheris his Hienes liegis to trafficque 
within thair boundis with safetie of thair lives and gudes: 
Fob remeid quhairof and that the saidis inhabitautis of the 
saidis Hielandis and lies may the better be reducid to ane 
Godlie honest and civil maner of living It is statute and 
ordanit that all landislordis, chiftanis and leaderis of clannis 
principall house halders, heritouris and uthairis possessouris 
or pretendand right to onie landis within the saidis Hielandis 
and lies sal betuix this and the xv day of Maij nixtocum 
compeir befor the Lordis of his Hienes cheker at Edinb' or 
quhair it sal happin thame to sit for the tyme, and thair bring 
and produce with thame all thair infeftmentis richtis and titillis 
quhatsumever quhairby thai clame richt and titil to onie pairt 
of the landis or fischeingis within the boundis foirsaidis : And 
then find sufficient caution actit in the buiks of cheker for 
yeirlie and thankfull payment to his Maiestie of his rentis 
yeirlie dueties and service addedit be thame furthe of the landis 
possessit and occupeit be thame or onie in thair names : And that 
thai thameselfis^ their men tennentis, servandis and dependaris 
sal be ansuerabill to his Hienes lawis and Justiceis ; and that 
thai nor nane of thame sal do injurie to onie utheris his Hienes 
liegis in thair personis or guiddis quha sal happin to repair 
and travell within the saidis boundis for thair lauchf ul trafficque 
within the samyn and that thai and everie ane of thame sail 
mak redress to all parteis skaithit and hurt or to be skaithit 
and hurt be thame in tyme cuming under sik panis as it sail 
pleas the saidis Lords of cheker to modefie by reparatioun of 
the skaithe to the parteis that sustenit the samyn : With cer- 
tificatioun to thame and ilk ane of thame gif thai failye in the 
premisses, or to compear and find caution in maner and within 
the space foirsaid that thai and everie ane of thame quha 
failyes sail be decernit lyk as be this present act thai ar de- 
cemit to forfalt amit and tyne all pretendit infeftments and 
uthair richt and titil thai haif or mai pretend to have to onie 
landis quhatsumevir thai haif haldin or pretendis to bald of his 
Majestic athair in propertie or superioritie quhilk thair pre- 
tendit infeftmentis and titles thairof in cais of failyie foirsaid 
are now as then and then as now declarit be this present 


liament to be null, and of nane avail force nor effect in thame- 
selfis and that the nullitie thairof sal be ressaved and admittid 
in all judgementis be way of exceptioun or reply, but ony 
process actioun or declaratonr of reduction to be given thair- 

No. XVII. 


OuRE SoVERANE LoRD with avise of the estaites of this pre- 
sent Parliament for the better intertening and continuing of 
civilitie and policie within the Hielandis and lies hes statute 
and ordainit that thair be erectit and buildit within the boundis 
thairof THRE Brugheis and Burrow Townes in the maist 
convenient and commodius pairtis meit for the samyn ; To wit 
ane in Kintyre ane uthair in Lochaber and the third in the 
Lewis ; to the quhilk brughtis and inhabitantis thairof Oure 
Soverane Lord and Estaites foirsaidis, sail grant and be thir 
presentis grantis all privilegeis quhilkis his Hienes and his pre- 
decessouris hes grantit to onie uthair brughtis or inhabitantis 
thairof within the realme ; And that it shall be lessum to oure 
Soverane Lord be the avise of the Lordis of his Majesties 
Cheker to gif grant and dispone to everie ane of the saidis 
Brughtis samekill land and grund furthe of his Hienes an- 
nexit propertie as may serve to big the saidis tounes upon the 
samyne, with samekle land and fischeings nixt adjacent thair- 
to in common gude to everie ane of the saidis thre tounis as 
may sustene the commoun chargeis thairof ; To be haldin in 
frie burgage of his Hienes in sic forme and maner as his Ma- 
jesteis maist noble progenitours of worthie memories hes grantit 
of auld to the erectioun of uthair brughtis of this Bealme. 

* Acts of Parliament of Scotland, voL iv. p. 139. — 16th December 
1697. — Although this act never was carried into effect in its original form, 
it led eventually to the formation of the three towns of Campbelltown 
(in Argyleshire), Fortwilliam and Stornoway, the first only of which was 
made a Royal Burgh. 



SORNERS, 1613.* 

[Sir Ranald Macdonald, mentioned in the following act, and styled patro- 
nymically M*Sorley, was the son of Sorley, called buidhe, i.e. yellow-haired^ 
one of the brothers of James Macdonald of Dunyveg and the Glens {supra 
pp. 23, 27). Sorleybuy settled in Ireland as administrator of his brother's 
property of the Glens in the County of Antrim ; and obtained letters of 
naturalization from Queen Elizabeth, in 1586 ; becoming the liegeman of 
that Princess for the Glens, to the exclusion of his nephew Angus Mac- 
donald of Dunyveg. After the death of the latter (who had forfeited all 
his lands) in 1611, Sir Ranald M'Sorleybuy had for a short time a lease 
of Isla from King James the Sixth, when his proceedings had called forth 
the complaint noticed below. He was afterwards, in the reign of Charles 
the First, created Earl of Antrim. 

Without giving implicit credence to the statement that none of the 
predecessors of the Tenants of Isla were acquainted with customs similar 
to those complained of, it is sufficiently evident that so early as 1613 
there was a marked difference between some of the Irish customs and 
those of the Hebrides, arising doubtless from the feudal system having 
made greater progress in the Highlands and Isles than in Ireland.] 

At Edinkurgh llth March 1613. 

FoRSAMEKLE as the Kiiigis Majesteis Tennentis inhabiting 
within the Isle of Ila hes by thair Petitioun laitlie exhibite 
unto the Lordis of his Majesteis Previe Counsell most havelie 
complanit that Sir Ranald M^Sorle Knycht and his oflB- 
cearis and servandis in his name hes begun to impost upoun 
theme verie havy burdynis exactionis and impositionis quhair- 
with thay nor nane of thair predicessouris wes never heirtofoir 
burdynit especially by exacting and lifting from thame of the 
dewtie following for everie head of goodis quhilkis thay do 
hald and pasture upoun the waist landis of Yla, viz*, for everie 
horsSf kow and meare four shillingis dayliey and for everie 
scheip tuelff penneis daylie, nochtwithstanding that they do 
pay his Majesteis free dewtie for the saidis waist landis ; and by 
exacting and lifting /ra everie wobstar and cor dinar within the 
boundis oi Yla, fourtie aucht shillingis yeirlie in quarterlie pay- 
ment and t^uelff penneis for everie kow that ane man ressavis 

* Registrum Secreti Concili% Acta. 


with his wyfey the tyme of his marriage : And that the said Sir 
Ronnald and his oflSciaris in his name intendis aganis the 
lawis of this realme to astrik and subject his Majesteis Ten- 
nentis foirsaidis to the formes and lawis of Yreland and to com- 
pel thame to persew and defend in all thair actionis and caussis 
according to the forme and custome of Yreland. Quhilk is a 
mater of verie greit greif unto thame that they being his Ma- 
jesteis native borne subjectis sould be rewlit and governit be 
foreyne and strange lawis : And last that thay ar verie havelie 
oppreist troublit and wrackit be a nomber of ydiU men, vaga- 
boundis and sornaris who lyis upoun thame, consumis thair 
viveris and spoylis thame of thair goodis at thair pleasour ; By 
quhilkis exactionis oppressionis and wrongis his Majesteis saidis 
Tennentis ar reducit to grite miserie and wil be constraynit to 
forsake and leave thair kyndlie habitatiounis rowmes and pos- 
sessionis without remeid be provydit : — Quhilk complaint be- 
ing hard, &^. [A charge directed to be given to Sir Ronald 
to abstain from introducing the exactions and laws complained 
of ; another charge being at the same time directed against the 
somers and vagabonds.] 


(CorUintLed from page 19.) 



Jacobus, &c. — Quia post nostram perfectam etatem viginti 
unius annorum completam in Parliamento nostro declaratam, 
et generalem revocationem in eodem factam Intelligentes quod 
QUONDAM Hector M^^Clane de Dowart Avus Hectoris 
M^CLANE filii et apparentis heredis Lauchlani M^clane 
NUNC DE DowART per cartam et sasinam hereditarie infeodatus 

* JRegistrum Secreti SigiUiy voL 67, fo. 59, compared with the Record 
of the Charter following thereupon ; Begistrum Magni Sigilli, lib. 37, No. 


erat in totis et integris terns et aliis subterspecificatis Tenen- 


TAEio ; Et quod tote terre temporales beneficiorum infra reg- 
nnm nostrum Corone nostre annexate sunt cum eadem in pro- 
prietate omni tempore affuturo remanendse prout in acto nostri 
parliament! super annexatione dictarum terrarnm desuper con- 
fecto latins continetur ; Et volentes nativos feoditarios et 
tenentes quarumcunque teiTarum ecclesiasticarum nostre co- 
rone nunc annexatarum ut predicitur per dictum actum nullo 
modo lesos aut prejudicatos esse sed potius fortificare sua jura 
per novas infeodationes dictis tenentibus et feoditariis de ipso- 
runi nativis possessionibus tenen. [tentis ?] per ipsos de quibus- 
cunque personis ecclesiasticis infra dictum regnum nostrum 
tenendis de nobis et nostris successoribus omni tempore afPu- 
turo ; Et deinceps per aliud actum parliamenti penes dissolu- 
tionem prefate annexationis provisum et declaratum est Quod 
licitum erit nobis omnes et singulas terras patrimonio nos- 
tre corone annexatas quibuscunque persone sen personis in 
augmentationem rentaUs in feodifirma hcare non obstante 
predicto acto annexationis : Cum avisamento et consensu fide- 
lium nostrorum consiliariorum Domini Joannis Maitland de 
Thirlestane militis nostri Cancellarii et Secretarii Thome 
Magistri de Glammis nostri thesaurarii Domini Ludovici Bel- 
lendene de Auchnoule militis nostre Justiciarie clerici Magis- 
tri Roberti Dowglas prepositi de Linclowden coUectoris nos- 
tri generalis et Domini Roberti Mailvile de Murdocairny 
militis nostri thesaurarii deputati, Dedimus Conoessimus 
ET IN FEODIPIRMAM DiMisiMUS Prefato Hectori M^claue 
nepoti dicti quondam Hectoris M^clane de Dowart et he- 
redibus suis masculis de corpore suo legitime procreandis 
Quibus deficientibus heredibus suis masculis quibuscunque 
ToTAS ET Integbas quatuor denariatas terrarum de Schab- 
bay, unam denariatam cum dimidio denariate terrarum de 
Skur, quatuor denariatas terrarum de Kilmakeum, duas dena- 
riatas terrarum de Seirpene, obolatam terre de Eddercdoch, 
unam denariatam terre de Uskane, dimidium denariate terre 
de Ardcaveg, unam denariatam terre de Larakhin, unam de- 
nariatam terre de Ardachig, obolatam terre de Lewone, unam 
denariatam terre de Knoknafineg, unam denariatam terre de 
Knoktaytarlech, duas denariatas terrarum de Traysane, duas 
denariatas terrarum de ArdwaMeneis, unam denariatam terre 
de BemiSy dua^ denariatas terre de Teirgargane, unam dena- 
riatam terre de Teirkilly tres quadrantes terre de KUmorie, 


obolatam terre de Elan calmeney daas denariatas terrarum de 
StokadiU, quatuor denariatas terrarum de BaUiemoir, unam 
denariatam terre de SailqvJiur, unam denariatam cum dimidio 
denariate terre de Poty, unam denariatam terre de Terchla- 
dane, obolatam terre de Gremch inferiore, obolatam terre de 
Grewyich superiore, duas denariatas terrarum de Ardchenaig, 
duas denariatas cum dimidio denariate terre de Teirgell 
vocate Gallegownan, tres denariatas cum dimidio denariate 
terre de Bonessane, duas denariatas terrarum de Gronygird, 
duas denariatas terre de Ley, unam denariatam terre de Assa- 
boiU et quinque denariatas terrarum de Ardtwn ; jacentes in 
Rossye, InsiUa de Mull et infra Vicecomitatum nostrum de 
Tarbert : — ^nec non totam et integram denariatam terre de KU- 
phobvU, unam denariatam terre de KUlin, unam denariatam 
terre de Galyemoir, unam denariatam terre de Kihranyn, unam 
denariatam terre de Kilnyne, unam denariatam terre de Kin- 
gargertty tres quadrantes terrarum de Kilmorie, duas denariatas 
terrarum de Beith, unam denariatam terre de Thorin, unam 
denariatam terre de Garsaig, unam denariatam terre de Skry- 
dane et Ard, unam denariatam terre de QleswUder et Lyald 
jacentes in Gonloch Urolo de Nethir Mull, et Vicecomitatu 
prescripto; Ac etiam Totam et Integram Insulam Yonb 
cum omnibus domibus et aliis quibuscunque infra eandem In- 
sulam dicto monasterio olim spectantibus : Ao etiam Totum 
et Integrum quarterium terre de SJcarrals, quarterium terre de 
Kynnaboiss, octavam terre de AUabolss, octavam terre de 
Nakilly septem vaccatas cum dimidio vaccate terrarum de 
Some, duas vaccatas cum dimidio vaccate terrarum de Skeag 
et Lewres, duo quarteria terrarum de Ardnew, extendentes ad 
quinque mercatas terrarum vocatas octavam teiTe de Mee, et vil- 
1am mediam que vulgariter dicitur Ballevannich et insulam de 
Ardnew, in Insula de Tlay et vicecomitatu de Tarbert : — AC 
etiam totas et integras sex mercatas terrarum de BaUefulye, 
sex mercatas terrarum de Kirkebald, unam mercatam terre de 
Woyll, dicto monasterio olim pertinentes ; nee non sex mercatas 
terrarum de Keylis, Episcopatui Insularum [et Abbatie de?] 
Yone olim spectantes jacentes in Insula de Teiray et infra 
Vicecomitatum nostrum de Tarbert prescriptum : — Ac etiam 
quinque mercatas terrarum de Narrabolsadh cum pertinentibus 
jaoentes in dicta Insula de Ylay, finibus lie ruidis nuncupatis 
ejusdem infra Vicecomitatum predictum olim ad prefatum 
monasterium Derrense attinentes ; Quequidem terre et alie 
prescripte dicto quondam Hectori M^clane de Dowart avo pre- 
dicti Hectoris Makclane in feudifirma hereditarie perprius per- 


tinuerunt prout in cartis feaditariis ipsi desuper confectis, per 
DOS et dictos nostros consiliarios visas et consideratas, latius 
continetur : Insupeb nos cum avisamento et consensu predic- 
tis, Db novo Damtjs Concedimus et Disponlmus ac in feudi- 
firmam Dimittimus predicto Hector! M^clane et heredibns suis 
masculU predictis omnes et singulas prefatas terras, insulas, 
domos et alia particulariter suprascripta cum pendiculis et 
pertinentibus earundem in quantum earundem jus et titulum 
per leges regni nostri et acta parliamenti in manibus nostris 
devenerunt una cum omni juris titulo ac interesse, proprietate 
et possessione tarn petitorio quam possessorio que nos, nostri 
predecessores vel successores habuerunt habemus aut quo- 
vismodo habere vel clamare poterimus in et ad prefatas terras 
et alia predicta, census, firmas, proficua, et devorias earundem 
per quodcunque jus, titulum, periculum, sen inconvenientiam 
que super dictis terris et aliis prescriptis vel aliqua earundem 
parte pro quibuscunque actionibus causis seu occasionibus pre- 
teritis aut futuris cadere vel succedere poterint ; Renuuciando 
et exonerando eisdem pro nobis et successoribus nostris ac 
transferendo eadem in prefatum Hectorem et heredes suos 
predictos in perpetuum ; Cum pacto de non petendo &c. Et 
cum supplemento omnium defectuum tarn non nominatorum 
quam nominatorum : Ao etiam volumus et concedimus ac pro 
nobis et successoribus nostris pro perpetuo decemimus et ordi- 
namus quod unica sasina capienda per dictum Hectorem here- 
des suos vel assignatos predictos apvd viUam de Ardcanaig in 
Mossy adeo sufficiens erit sasina pro integris terris, insulis, do- 
mibus et aliis predictis ipsi et successoribus suis, ac si particulares 
sasine apud quamlibet partem sive locum earundem capte fuis- 
sent ; penes quam nos pro nobis et successoribus nostris cum 
dicto Hectore et suis predictis in perpetuum dispensamus. 
Tenendas et Habendas Omnes et Singulas prenominatas 
terras insulas domus et alia prescripta prefato Hectori M^clane 
heredibus suis masculis et assignatis antedictis de nobis et suc- 
cessoribus nostris in feudifirma et hereditate in perpetuum &c. 
Reddendo inde annuatim dictus Hector M^clane heredes sui 
masculi et assignati prescripti nobis et successoribus nostris, 
Camerariis, Computorum Rotulatoribus, sive CoUectoribus 
nostris, nostrorum et suorum nominibus viz. Pro dictis quatuor 
denariatis terrarum de Schabay cum pertinentiis viginti qua- 
tuor pondera farine avenatice vel summam octo denariorum 
usualis monete regni nostri pro quolibet pondere ; viginti qua- 
tuor pondera casei vel duodecim denarios pro quolibet ponde- 
re; quatuor vaccas vitulatas vel summam decem solidorum 


monete prescripte pro qualibet vacca; Et pro una deuariata 
dictarum quatuor denariatarum terrarum de Schabay in eik 
summam sex solidorum et octo denariorum et pro alifs tribus 
denariatis ejusdem ville summam triginta denariorum similiter 
in eik; Ac etiam pro quowart secundum usum hactenus ohser- 
vatum tria pondera farine suprascripte vel dictam summam 
octo denariorum pro quolibet pondere ; tria pondera casei vo- 
cata lupidis ahhatis a tribus denariatis dicte ville vel dictam 
summam duodecim denariorum pro quolibet pondere ; et quar- 
ta denariata ejusdem ville libera a quowart; necnon quatuor 
hollcis carbonum vel summam octo denariorum monete ante- 
dicte pro qualibet boUa ; et quatuor hollas calcis vel summam 
duodecim denariorum pro qualibet boUa; cum servitiis dicte 
ville debitis et consuetis: — Pro predicta denariata et dimidio 
denariate terrarum de 8kur novem pondera farine suprascripte 
vel dictam summam octo denariorum pro quolibet pondere ; no- 
vem pondera casei vel dictam summam duodecim denariorum 
pro quolibet pondere ; unam martam cum dimidio marte vel 
dictam summam decern solidorum pro marta; quindecim de- 
narios monete prescripte in eik ut predicitur ; unum pondus et 
dimidium ponderis farine lapidis abbatis pro quowart vel dictam 
summam octo denariorum pro pondere, et unum pondus et di- 
midium ponderis casei similiter pro quowart lapide abbatis vel 
dictam summam duodecim denariorum pro pondere ; unam bol- 
1am et dimidium bolle carbonum vel dictam summam octo de- 
nariorum pro bolla, et unam boUam et dimidium bolle calcis 
vel dictam summam duodecim denariorum pro bolla, cum ser- 
vitio debito et consueto : — Pro predictis quatuor denariatis 
dictarum terrarum de KUmahewin viginti quatuor pondera fa- 
rine antedicte et viginti quatuor pondera casei vel pretium 
ponderis suprascriptum ; quatuor martas vel predictam sum- 
mam decem solidorum pro qualibet marta ; Et pro una dena- 
riata dictarum terrarum et ville in eik summam quadraginta 
denariorum ; dimidium ponderis farine, dimidium ponderis casei 
vel pretium suprascriptum pro quowart cum mensura lapidis 
M^couU; Et pro aliis tribus denariatis dicte ville in eik sum- 
mam triginta denariorum ; et tria pondera farine, et tria pondera 
casei cum mensura lapidis abbatis vel pretium ponderis supra- 
scriptum pro quowart; quatuor boUas carbonum et quatuor 
boUas calcis vel pretium bolle prescriptum cum servitio debito 
et consueto: — Pro predictis duabus denariatis terrarum de 
Seirpein duodecim pondera farine, duodecim pondera casei 
vel pretium pro quolibet pondere suprascriptum ; viginti dena- 
rios monete pro eik ; duo pondera farine et duo pondera casei 


vel pretiuin ponderis prescriptam pro quowart; dnas bollas 
carbonum et duas bollas calcis vel pretium boUe antedictum 
cam servitio debito et consueto: — ^I^o predicta obolata terre 
de Edderaloch tria pondera farine, tria pondera casei vel pre- 
tium ponderis suprascriptum tantnm, sine eik et cdiis oneribus: 
— Pro predicta una denariata terre de Uskane sex pondera fa- 
rine, sex pondera casei vel pretium ponderis prescriptum; unam 
martam aut predictam summam decern solidorum pro pretio 
ejusdem ; decem denarios pro eik ; unum pondus farine et alind 
pondus casei vel pretium ponderis prescriptum pro quowart; 
unam bollam carbonum et unam boUam calcis vel pretium 
bolle prescriptam cum servitio debito et consueto: — Pro pre- 
dicto dimidio denariate terre de Ardkavaig tria pondera farine, 
tria pondera casei vel pretium ponderis prescriptum ; unam 
martam vel predictam summam decem solidorum pro pretio 
ejusdem ; decem denarios pro eik ; unam bollam carbonum, 
unam bollam calcis vel pretium bolle prescriptam cam servi- 
tio debito et consaeto : — Pro predicta una denariata terrarum 
de Larakhin sex pondera farine, sex pondera casei vel pretium 
ponderis prescriptum; unam martam vel predictam summam 
decem solidorum pro pretio ejusdem; decem denarios pro eik; 
unam bollam carbonum ac aliam bollam calcis vel pretium 
bolle antedictum cum servitio debito et consueto : — Pro pre- 
dicta una denariata terrarum de Ardachig sex pondera farine, 
sex pondera casei vel pretium ponderis predictam ; unam mar- 
tam vel predictam summam decem solidorum pro pretio ejus- 
dem ; decem denarios pro eik ; unum pondus farine, unum pon- 
dus casei pro quowart, lapidis abbatis ; unam bollam carbonum, 
unam bollam calcis vel pretium bolle predictum, cum servitio 
debito et consueto: — Pro predicta obolata terre de Lewone 
tria pondera farine, tria pondera casei vel pretium ponderis pre- 
scriptum : — Pro predicta una denariata terre de Knoknafineg 
sex pondera farine, sex pondera casei vel pretium ponderis 
antedictum; unam martam vel predictam summam decem 
solidorum pro pretio ejusdem ; decem denarios pro eik ; unam 
bollam corbonura, unam bollam calcis vel pretium bolle su- 
prascriptum cum servitio consueto : — Pro predicta una de- 
nariata terre de Knoktaytarlach sex pondera farine, sex pon- 
dera casei vel pretium ponderis prescriptum; unam martam 
vel dictani sumiuam decem solidorum pro pretio ejusdem; decem 
denarios pro eik ; unam bollam carbonum, unam bollam calcis 
vel pretium bolle antedictum cum servitio consueto : — Pro pre- 
dicts duabus denariatis terrarum de Trasane duodecim pon- 
dera farine, duodecim pondera casei vel pretium ponderis ante- 



dictum ; duas martas vel predictam summam decern solidorum 
pro qualibet marta; viginti denarios pro eik; duo pondera farine, 
duo pondera casei pro quowart vel pretium ponderis prescriptum; 
duas bollas carbonum, duas bollas calcis vel pretium boUe ante- 
dictum : — Pro prefatis duabus denariatis terrarum de Ardawenis 
duodecim pondera fiirine, duodecim pondera casei vel pretium 
ponderis predictum ; duas martas vel pretium earundem antedic- 
tum ; viginti denarios pro eik ; duo pondera farine, duo pondera 
casei pro quowart vel pretium ponderis prescriptum ; duas bollas 
carbonum, duas bollas calcis vel pretium bolle suprascriptum, 
cum servitio consueto: — Pro predicta una denariata terre de 
Bemis sex pondera farine, sex pondera casei vel pretium pon- 
deris antedictum; unam martam vel dictam summam decern 
solidorum pro pretio ejusdem ; decem denarios pro eik ; ununi 
pondus farine, unum pondus casei pro quowart ; unam bollani 
carbonum, unam boUam calcis vel pretium bolle prescriptum 
cum servitio consueto : — Pro predictis duabus denariatis terrarum 
de Tdrgargane duodecim pondera farine, duodecim pondera 
casei vel pretium ponderis prescriptum; duas martas vel pretium 
prescriptum ; viginti denarios pro eik ; duo pondera farine, duo 
pondera casei pro quowart, vel pretium ponderis prescriptum; duas 
bollas carbonum, duas bollas calcis vel pretium bolle antedictum 
cum servitio consueto : — ^Pro predicta una denariata terre de 
Teirkill sex pondera farine, sex pondera casei vel pretium pon- 
deris ut supra; unam martam vel predictam summam decem soli- 
dorum pro pretio ejusdem; decem denarios pro eik; unum pondus 
farine, unum pondus casei pro quowart ; unam boUam carbonum, 
unam boUam calcis vel pretium ponderis et bolle suprascrip- 
tum, cum servitio consueto : — Pro tribus quadrantibus terre de 
Kilmorie quatuor pondera et dimidium ponderis farine, quatuor 
pondera et dimidium ponderis casei; tertiam partem marte; 
septem denarios cum obolo pro eik ; unam bollam carbonum, 
unam bollam calcis vel pretia suprascripta : — Pro predicta obo- 
lata terre de Ellanecalmene tria pondera farine, tria pondera 
casei vel pretium ponderis antedictum : — Pro prefatis duabus 
denariatis terrarum de Stokadell duodecim pondera farine^ 
duodecim pondera casei ; duas martas ; duo pondera farine, duo 
pondera casei pro quowart ; duas bollas carbonum, duas bollas 
calcis vel pretia earundem suprascripta; viginti denarios pro 
eik, cum servitio consueto: — Pro qualibet denariata dictarum 
quatuor denariatarum terrarum ville et terrarum de Ballimoir 
sedecim pondera albe farine avenatice vel pretium ponderis 
antedictum; et in toto quatuor vaccas vitulatas vel pretium 
vacce suprascriptum ; quadraginta denarios pro eik ; et pdstu- 


ram mdua damatefetarum vaccarvm; cumpiscatura Garrig : — 
Pro prefatis terris de SaUquhur sex pondera farine, sex pondera 
casei; unam martam; unam boUam carbonum, unam bollam calcis 
vel pretia earundem suprascripta ; decern denarios pro hayg, cam 
servitio consaeto: — Fro prefatis terris de Potty viginti octo 
pondera albe farine ; unam martam cum dimidio marte vel pre- 
tium ponderis et marte suprascriptum ; quindecim denarios pro 
baig ; absque aliis oneribus : — Pro dictis terris de Terchladane 
sex pondera farine, sex pondera casei; unam martam; unam 
bollam carbonum, unam bollam calcis vel pretium earundem su- 
prascriptum ; decem denarios pro eik ; cum servitio consueto : 
— Pro predicta obolata terre de Creweych inferiore tria pon- 
dera farine^ tria pondera casei vel pretium ponderis antedictum 
tantum sine aliis oneribus: — Pro predicta obolata terre de 
Crewych superiore tria pondera farine, tria pondera casei vel 
pretium ponderis prescriptum tantum sine aliis oneribus : — Pro 
prefatis terris de Ardchenaig duodecim pondera farine, duodecim 
pondera casei; duas martas; duo pondera farine, duo pondera casei 
pro quowart ; duas bollas carbonuin, duas boUas calcis vel pretia 
suprascripta; viginti denarios pro haig; cum servitio consueto: 
— Pro predictis terris de Teirgeyll quindecim pondera farine, 
quindecim pondera casei ; tres martas vel pretium ponderis et 
marte antedictum ; tri^nta denarios pro eik ; duo pondera fa- 
rine, duo pondera casei pro quowart; tres bollas carbonum, 
tres bollas calcis vel pretia ponderis et boUe suprascripta ; cum 
servitio consueto : — Pro predictis terris de Bonessane unum et 
viginti pondera farine, unum et viginti pondera casei ; quatuor 
martas, vel pretium ponderis et marte antedictum ; quadraginta 
denarios pro haig ; duo pondera farine, duo pondera casei pro 
quowart; quatuor bollas carbonum, quatuor bollas calcis vel pre- 
tia ponderis et bolle antedicta ; cum servitio consueto : — Pro una 
denariata terre dictarum duarum denariatarum terrarum de 
Crongerd duodecim pondera farine, duodecim pondera casei; 
duas martas; vel pretia prescripta; quadraginta denarios pro 
haig; et pro alia denariata dictarum terrarum unum pondus 
farine, unum pondus casei, pro quowart vel pretium ponderis 
prescriptum ; et decem denarios pro haig : — Pro predictis terris 
de Ley duodecim pondera farine, duodecim pondera casei; 
duas martas, vel pretia suprascripta ; Et pro eik unius denari- 
ate quadraginta denarios ; unum pondus farine, unum pondus 
casei lapidis Macule pro quowart; Et pro eik alterius de- 
nariate decem denarios; unum pondus farine, unum pondus 
casei lapidis abbatis pro quowart vel pretia suprascripta: — 
Pro prefata denariata terre de AssaboU sex pondera farine, 


sex pondera casei ; unam martam ; anam boUam carbonum, 
unam boUam calcis vel pretia suprascripta ; et decern de- 
narios pro haig, cum servitio consueto : — Pro prefatis terris 
de Ardimm triginta pondera farine, triginta pondera casei; qua- 
tuor martas, vel pretia ponderis et marte suprascripta ; novem 
undds in eik ; et pro duabns denariatis dictarum terrarum duo 
pondera farine, duo pondera casei pro quowart lapidis Macule ; 
Et pro aliis duabus denariatis ejusdem duo pondera farine, 
duo pondera casei pro quowart lapidis abbatis ; quatuor boUas 
carbonnm quatuor bollas calcis vel pretia ponderis et boUe su- 
prascripta; cum servitio debito et consueto : — Pro prefatis terris 
de Kilphobul duodecim pondera farine, duodecim pondera casei ; 
unam martam vel pretia ponderis et marte suprascripta; sex 
solidos et viij^ monete in eik : — Pro predictis terris de Kel- 
lene duodecim pondera farine, duodecim pondera casei ; unam 
martam vel pretia predicta; sex solidos et octo denarios in haig: 
— Pro predictis terris de Galyemoir duodecim pondera farine, 
duodecim pondera casei; unam martam vel pretia antedicta; 
sex solidos et octo denarios in haig : — Pro predictis terris de 
Kilvranyn duodecim pondera farine, duodecim pondera casei ; 
unam martam, vel pretia predicta ; sex solidos et octo denarios 
in haig: — Pro predictis terris de KUnyne duodecim pondera 
farine, duodecim pondera casei ; unam martam vel pretia pre- 
dicta; sex solidos et octo denarios in haig : — Pro predictis terris 
de Kingargera duodecim pondera farine, duodecim pondera 
casei ; unam martam aut pretia predicta ; sex solidos et octo de- 
narios monete in eik : — Pro tribus quadrantibus terre de Kil- 
morie novem pondera farine, novem pondera casei ; tres quar- 
terias marte vel pretia ponderis et marte suprascripta ; quinque 
solidos monete in haig : — Pro prefatis terris de Beyth duode- 
cim pondera farine, duodecim pondera casei; unam martam; 
sex solidos et octo denarios in haig ; vel pretia farine casei et 
marte suprascripta: — Pro predictis terris de Thorrin duode- 
cim pondera farine, duodecim pondera casei; unam martam, vel 
pretium ponderis et marte suprascriptum ; sex solidos et octo 
denarios in haig; — Pro prefatis terris de Carsaig duodecim 
pondera farine; duodecim pondera casei; unam martam vel pre- 
tium ponderis et marte suprascriptum ; vj.^ viij.*^ in haig : — Pro 
prefatis terris de Skrydane et Aird duodecim pondera farine 
prescripte vel dictam summam octo denariorum pro quolibet 
pondere, duodecim pondera casei vel dictam summam duode- 
cim denariorum pro quolibet pondere ; unam martam ; vel pre- 
fatam summam decem solidorum pro pretio ejusdem ; sex soli- 
dos et octo denarios monete prescripte in haig : — Pro predictis 


terns de Olesvnlder duodecim pondera &rine, vel dictam sum- 
mam octo denariorum pro qnolibet pondere, duodecim pondera 
casei vel dictam summam duodecim denariorum pro quolibet 
pondere; unam martam vel prefatam summam decern soUdorum 
pro pretio ejusdem ; et sex solidos et octo denarios monete pre- 
dicte in haig: — Necnon summam triginta mercarum usualis 
monete prescripte pro predicta Irmda Yone terris et aliis qui- 
buscunque infra eandem spectantibus ; ac etiam in augmenta- 
tionem annuam rentalis omnium et singularum prefatarum terra- 
rum et insule cum pertinentiis, quatuor mercarum monete an- 
tedicte plusquam uuquam eedem terre et insula prius dederunt 
aut persolverunt, ad duos anni terminos Fenthecostes et Sancti 
Martini- in hieme per equales portiones ; extendentibus in toto 
omnibus summis supradictis adinvicem computatis ad summam 
centum octo librarum quinque solidorum undecim denariorum 
cum obolo, nomine feudifirme : — Ac etiam pro predicto quar- 
terio terre de Skarrah triginta pondera farine, vel summam 
octo denariorum pro quolibet pondere, triginta pondera casei 
vel summam duodecim denariorum pro quolibet pondere ; qua- 
tuor martas vel summam decem solidorum pro qualibet marta ; 
et decem solidos in haig: — Pro predicto quarterio terre de 
Kinnabolss triginta pondera farine avenatice vel dictam sum- 
mam octo denariorum pro quolibet pondere, triginta pondera casei 
vel dictam summam duodecim denariorum pro quolibet pondere; 
quatuor martas vel dictam summam decem solidorum pro quali- 
bet marta ; et summam decem solidorum in eik : — Pro predicta 
octava terre de AUaholss quindecim pondera farine avenatice, 
quindecim pondera casei, duas martas vel pretia ponderis et marte 
suprascripta ; et quinque solidos monete in eik : — Pro predicta 
octava terre de NehiU quindecim pondera farine avenatice vel 
dictam summam octo denariorum pro quolibet pondere, quinde- 
cim pondera casei vel dictam summam duodecim denariorum pro 
quolibet pondere; duas martas vel prefatam summam decem soli- 
dorum pro qualibet marta, et quinque solidos monete in eik : — 
Pro predictis septeni vaccatis et dimidio vaccate terrarum de 
Some viginti duo pondera et dimidium ponderis farine, viginti 
duo pondera et dimidium ponderis casei vel pretium ponderis 
suprascriptum ; unam martam vel dictam summam decem soli- 
dorum pro pretio ejusdem ; et septem solidos monete in eik : — 
Pro prefatis duabus vaccatis cum dimidio de Skeag et Lewres 
septem pondera et dimidium ponderis farine, septem pondera 
et dimidium ponderis casei, vel pretium ponderis suprascrip- 
tum : — Pro predictis duabus quarteriis terrarum de Ardnew 
vocatis Mee et Ballevannych viginti quatuor boUas farine aven- 


atice majoris mens^are vel snmmam sex solidorum octo denari- 
orom pro qualibet bolla: — ^Pro predicta Insuia de Ardnew 
summam tredecim solidorum et quatuor denariorum monete 
prescripte : — Necnon pro predictis sex mercatis terramm de 
Ballefulyie quadraginta octo maiUma farine avenatice, vel sum- 
mam trium solidorum et quatuor denariorum pro qualibet mal- 
lea : — Pro predictis sex mercatis terrarum de Kirkehoild quad- 
raginta octo malleas farine avenatice vel dictam summam trium 
solidorum et quatuor denariorum pro qualibet mallia: — Pro 
prefatis terris de Woyll quaduordecim malleas farine avenatice 
vel dictam summam trium solidorum et quatuor denariorum pro 
qualibet mallea: — Et pro prefatis sex mercatis terrarum de 
KeiUis dicto episcopatui olim spectantium quadraginta octo 
malleas farine avenatice vel dictam summam trium solidorum 
et quatuor denariorum pro qualibet mallea : — Necnon solvendo 
pro prefatis terris de WoyU unam martam vel dictam summam 
decem solidorum monete antedicte pro pretio ejusdem; Ac 
etiam in augmentationem annuam rentalis summam duarum 
mercarum usualis monete plusquam unquam predicte terre cum 
pertinentiis perprius persolverunt, ad duos anni terminos Pen- 
thecostes et Sancti Martini in hieme per equales portiones 
nomine feudifirme ut predicitur ; Extendentes in toto ad sum- 
mam quinquaginta quinque librarum trium solidorum et octo 
denariorum cum servitiis omnium et singularum prefatarum 
terrarum cum pertinentiis debitis et consuetis : — Necnon pro 
prenominatis quinque mercatis terrarum de NarraboUadh cum 
pertinentiis, seaxkginta ulnaa panni, albi, nigri et grisei coloria 
respective vel octo denarios monete prescripte pro qiudibet 
ulna ad voluntatem ipsius Hectoris heredumque suorum et 
assignatorum suprascriptorum, ad terminos prescriptos per 
equales portiones tanqibam firmam antiqiuim, ac etiam unam 
ulnam panni aut octo denarios pro pretio ejusdem in annuam 
augmentationem rentalis si petatur tantum : — Insxjpeb heredes 
et assignati prefati Hectoris duplicando census pecuniarios 
suprascriptos primo anno eorum introitus ad omnes et singulas 
terras et alia respective predicta prout usus est feudifirme tan- 
tum: — Vobis igitur precipimus, &c. [In tte original the 
Precept of Sasine in common form followed here.] Apud 
Halieruidhous decimo nono die mensis Martii anno Domini 
millesimo quingentesimo octuagesimo septimo Et Begni nostri 
vicesimo primo. 




In this charter some peculiarities occur, which are worthy of the notice 
of the legal antiquary. 

1. The first of these is the particular old duty called quowart, exacted 
from the various parcels of lands in the shape of certain portions of meal 
and cheese (p. 165, line 5). The derivation of the word is uncertain, but 
there can be little doubt it is the same duty mentioned in a contract be- 
tween the Bishop of the Isles and Maclean of Dowart, under the name of 
qif^t Stewart, or queit Stewart {supra, p. 16). 

2. The rent of so many "hollas carbonum" (p. 165, line 11), and a 
like quantity of lime, drawn from most of the lands in Ross of MuU, merits 
particular attention. According to the usual interpretation of the bar- 
barous law Latin of the period, carbones can mean nothing but coaI» The 
word may possibly in this instance mean cha/rcodl, or even peats, but this 
is highly improbable. Both coal and limestone exist in the Isle of Mull. 
There is a seam of coal about 18 inches thick on the sea coast of Ross. It 
is not likely that so small a seam could pay the expense of working, nor is 
there any tradition of its having ever been wrought. Another seam of coal, 
about three feet in thickness, appears at a considerable height on a moun- 
tain called Bein-an-mi, or Bem-an-aonaiiih, in the district of Brolos. Many 
years ago, Sir Alexander Murray of Stanhope, then proprietor of Ardna- 
murchan, purchased this hill for the sake of the coal, and began to work 
the seam, the quality of which was said to be good. But his affairs get- 
ting into confusion the work was stopped. The late Sir James RiddeU of 
Ardnamurchan at a later period renewed the experiment, but, after some 
coals were dug, he also gave it up. This seems to have arisen from the 
great expense of carriage necessarily incurred owing to the peculiar posi- 
tion of this seam of co^. There is no tradition of the coal on Bein-an-ini 
having been wrought prior to the attempt made by Sir Alexander Murray. 
Coal has likewise been found on the lands of Griban. Limestone is found 
both in Carsaig and Griban, but both these coasts are so dangerous for 
shipping that no use is made of it. — Stai. Acct. of Scotland by Sir John 
Sinclair, vol, 14, pp, 184-6. {United parishes of Kilfinichen and Kilvic- 
ewin.) Ma^oruMs Agricultural Swrvey of the Hebrides, p. 30. 

3. The next peculiarity is the old weight, probably a stone weight, 
called La^ Abbatis (p. 165, line 8). 

4. The fourth is another weight, probably a stone weight also, called 
Lapis M^CovU, or M*Dougall (p. 165, line 10 from bottom of page). 

The price of a stone by each of these weights is the same. With refer- 
ence to the Lapis M^Coull, it may be mentioned here, that, prior to the 
reign of King Robert Bruce, Mull, Coll, Tiree, Jura, and the small isles 
adjacent, formed a part of the extensive possessions of the old Lords of 
Lorn, styled patronymically M^Coull or M^Dougcdl, and territorially de 
Ergadia, or of Argyle, In one instance in this charter the Great Seal 
Record has Lapis Makconeile — the Privy Seal has Lapis M^Cvle (p. 169, 
line 7). — Makconeile seems an error. 

5. The BoUa majoris mensure, or large boll (p. 171, line 1), was used 
in the isles at no distant period, and may perhaps still be used in some 


places. It contained five firlots. The small boll, or boU beag, contained 
only three firlots. Where rents were paid by the latter measure, the 
tenant added by custom, a crear or two pecks to each boll beag, — There 
was a particular boll used in Uist (supra, p. 10). 

6. The maillia (p. 171, line 5) will be recognised as the male, a mea- 
sure of grain of Scandinavian origin, formerly much used in Orkney ; and 
of which other instances will be found, supra, p. 10. — The male of meal 
is valued in this charter at 3s. 4d., the large boll at 6s. 8d. The male 
was therefore equal to half a boll. 

7. The reddendo from the five merk lands of Narrabolsadh in Isla (p. 
171, line 15 from bottom), viz., " sexaginta ulnas panni, albi, nigri et grisei 
colons respective," i,e, " sixty ells or yards of cloth — white, black, and 
grey respectively ; *' or a money conversion at the rate of eightpence a yard, 
also deserves notice. These, it will be observed, are the only lands in the 
charter which held formerly of the Monastery of Derry. With this excep- 
tion, all the lands mentioned had held of the Abbot of lona. The rent 
payable for Narrabolsadh by this charter was equal to £2, Os. 8d. 

8. The word Eik, or, as it is written in some parts of the charter, 
Hayg, means the augmentation added or eiked to the rental by the present 

To make this charter more intelligible, and to give some idea of the 
wealth of the Abbacy of Zona, the Editor has translated and reduced the 
different reddenda of the portion of the Abbey-lands included in this char- 
ter to the following tabular form, with their respective values in money. 
Where the ancient spelling of the names of the farms differs much from 
the modern, the Editor has, as far as in his power at present, given both. 


I. — La/nds Bossy, or in Boss of MuU. 

1. Sehahbay — four penny lands. [Shiaba,'] 

Scots Money, 

24 stones of oat meal, at 8d., 


L.0 16 

24 stones of cheese, at Is., 


1 4 

4 calved cows, at lOs., 



Elk in money, 

9 2 

Qnowart, 3 stones meal, 



3 stones cheese, 


4 bolls coal, at 8d., 


2 8 

4 bolls lime, at Is., 



Total Sehahbay L.5 IC 

2. Skw — one and a half pemiy lands. 

9 stones meal, 


L.0 6 

9 stones cheese. 


1 mart and half a mart, at lOs., 



Eik in money, . 



Quowart, 1^ stone meal, 



\\ stone cheese. 


1^ bolls coal. 



l\ bolls lime, 



Total iSQbir 1 16 3 



8. KHmahewin — ^foar penny lands. [iTtlWediMfi.] 
24 stones meal, . . . . 

24 stones cheese, 

4 martsi . . . # • 

Eik in money, .... 
Qnowart, 8} stones meal, 

3i stones cheese, 
4 bolls coal, .... 

4 bolls lime, .... 

L.0 16 



6 10 

2 4 

8 6 

2 8 



Total Kilmakevfin 


Sdrpene — two penny lands. [Seirphein,] 

12 stones meal, 

L.0 8 

12 stones cheese, 


Eik in money, 

1 8 

Quowart, 2 stones meal, 


2 stones cheese, . 


2 bolls coal, .... 


2 boUs lime, 

6 2 

Total Seirpene 


Edderaloeh — a half penny land. 

8 stones meal. 

L.0 2 

8 stones cheese, 


No eik or other burdens. 

Total Kddfraloeh 


Uskane — a penny land. 

6 stones meal. 

L.0 4 

6 stones cheese. 


1 mart, .... 


Eik in money, .... 


Quowart, 1 stone meal. 


1 stone cheese. 


1 boll coal, 


1 boll lime, .... 


7. Ardkavaiff — a penny land. [Ardehiaveg,] 
The same as Uskane. 

8. Lardkhin — a penny land. 

The same as the two preceding, without quowart, amounting 
to Is. 8d. 

Total Larakkm 

9. Ardachdg — a penny land. [ArcUicha.] 

The same as Uskanc 

10. Lewone — a half penny land. 
The same as Edderaloeh, No. 6. 

11. Knohnafineg — a penny land. [Knoeknaf€n(ig,1 
The same as Na 8. 

Total KnohnafiMQ 

18 4 


Total Utkane 14 2 

'XloiaX Ardkavaig 14 2 

12 6 

Total Ardaehig 14 2 

Total Zeioone 5 

12 6 



12. Knoktaytctrlcbch—A penny land. 
The same as Nos. 8 and 11. 

Scots Money, 

Total Knoktaytarlaeh L.1 2 6 

18. Tmytane — fcwo penny lands. [Trayscma.] 

The same as Sdrpenej No. i,, with the addition of 2 
marts, at 10s. 

Total Ttm/sane 2 8 4 

14. ArdwaUeneis — two penny lands. [Ardeianiih,] 
The same as No. 13. 

Total ArdvoaUeneU 2 8 4 

15. Bemis — a penny land. 
The same as No. 6. 

16. Teirgargane — two penny lands. [THrergane,] 
The same as No. 14. 

Total Bemis 14 2 

17. TeirJnU — a penny land. [Tirgile.] 
The same as No. 6. 

18. Kilmorie — ^Three farthing lands. 
4^ stones meal, 
4^ stones cheese, 
J of a mart, at 10s., 
Eik in money, 
1 boll coal, 
1 boll lime, 

19. EUaneealmene — a half penny land. 
The same as No. 5. 

20. StokadeU — ^two penny lands. 
The same as Nos. 4 and 13. 

21. BaUtmoir—fonr penny lands. 
64 stones white mesJ, at 8d., 
4 calved cows, at 10s., 
Eik in money, 

22. SaUquhur—sk penny land. [SaUchurra.] 
The same as No. 8. 

23. Potty — one and a half penny lands. 
28 stones white meal, 
1 mart and i a mart, at lOs., 
Eik in money, 

Total Teirgargane 2 8 4 

Total TeirhiU 14 2 










Total Kilmorie 13 li 

Total EUaneealmene 5 

Total Stokaddl 2 8 4 







Total ^oZ^motr 4 6 

Total Sailquhur 12 6 

L.0 18 8 

Total Potty 1 14 11 


Scott Money, 

24. Terchladane — ^a penny land. 
The same as No. 8. 

Total Terehladane L.1 2 6 

25. Greweych, lower — a half penny land. [Oreich.] 
The same as No. 5. 

Total Cretoeyeh, lower 5 

26. Oreweyeh, upper — a half penny land. 

The same as No. 5. 

Total Oreioeyehf upper 5 

27. Ardchenaig — two penny lands. [Ardjinaig.] 
The same as No. 13. 

Total Ardchenaig 2 8 4 

28. Part of Teirgeyll^ called CaUegoicnan — two and a half 

penny lands. 

15 stones meal, .... L.0 10 

15 stones cheese, . 15 

8 marts, at lOs., . . . 1 10 

Eik in money . . . 2 6 

Quowart, 2 stones meal, . . 14 

2 stones cheese, . 2 

3 bolls coal, . . 2 

3 bolls lime, . . . 3 

8 5 10 

Total OaUegovman 


Bonessane — three and a fi&U 

penny lands. 

21 stones meal. 

• • 

L.0 14 

21 stones cheese, 

• • 

1 1 

4 marts, 

• • 


Eik in money, 

• • 

3 4 

Quowart 2 stones meal. 

• • 


2 stones cheese, 

• • 


4 bolls coal, 

• • 

2 8 

4 bolls lime, 

• • 


Total Bonessane 


Crongerd — two penny lands. 


12 stones meal, 

• • 

L.0 8 

12 stones cheese, 

• • 


2 marts, 

• • 


Eik in money, 

• • 

4 2 

Quowart, 1 stone meal. 

• • 


1 stone cheese, 

• • 


4 8 4 

Total Crongerd 2 5 10 

31. Ley — two penny lands. 

The same as No. 30, with the addition of 1 stone of meal 
and 1 stone of cheese to the quowart 

Total Ley 2 7 6 

32. AstaboU — a penny land. 

The same as No. 8. 

Total AtsaboU 12 6 


33. Ardtwn — five penny lands. 
30 stones meiU, 
30 stones cheese, 
4 marts, 
Quowart, 4 stones meal, 

4 stones cheese, 
4 bolls coal, 
4 bolls lime, 

Scots Money. 













[)tal Ardtvm L.5 


Total money rent and rent in kind converted into money, 
payable to the crown for the above lands in Ross of 
Mull, ..... L»63 8 7i 

II. — Lands in other parts of MvU. 

34. KUphobull — a penny land. [KilphuhUl, now called KU- 

12 stones meal, 
12 stones cheese, 
1 mart, 
Elk in money, 

35. KUlin—A penny land. [Kellan.] 
The same as No. 34. 

36. Calyemoir — a penny land. 
The same as No. 34. 

37. KUvranyn — a penny land. [KUvrenan.} 

38. KUnyne — ^a penny land. [Kilnmian.] 

39. Kinga/rgera — a penny land. [KengararJ] 

40. KUmorie — three farthing lands. 

9 stones meal, 
9 stones cheese, 
f of a mart, at 10s., 
Eik in money, 

41. BeUh — two penny lands — seems an error for one penby 

Rent the same as 34. 

TotsXBeUh 1 16 8 

42. Thorvn — ^a penny land. [Torrwn.] . . L.l 16 8 

43. Oarsaig — a penny land, . . 1 16 8 

44. Skrydane and Ard — a penny land, . . 116 8 

45. OlewfUder and Lyald^tk penny land, 1 16 8 

L.0 8 
6 8 

1 16 

Total KilphobuU 


Total KUlin 

1 16 


Total Calyemoir 

1 16 


• • 

• • 

1 16 
1 16 
1 16 


L.0 6 
2 6 

1 2 

Total KUmorie 


Total money rent and rent in kind, payable to the crown 
for the above lands in other parts of Mull, L 21 5 10 


Seeit Money, 

IIL — Idand of lona, 

46. lona, old reut^SO marks, . . . L.20 

General Augmentation of rental on lona and all 
the preceding lands, 4 marks, . . 2 18 4 

Total rent payable to the crown for lona L.22 18 4 

IV. — Lands in /rfa. 

47. Ska/rraU — a quarter land. 
30 stones meal, 
80 stones cheese, 
4 marts, 
Eik in money. 

48. Kinnahclu — a quarter land, same as No. 47, 

49. AUciboUs — ^an eighth or half quarter land, 

50. Nekill — an eighth or half quarter land, 

51. Some — seven and a half cow-lands. 
22 stones meal, 

22 stones cheese, 

1 mart, 

Eik in money. 


1 10 



Total Skarrals 



2 10 
2 10 

L.O 14 8 

2 13 

Total Somt 


L.0 5 

52. Skeag and Lewres — two and a half cow-lands* 

7i stones meal, 
7$ stones cheese, 

Total Skea^ and Lewres 12 

53. MUf Ballevannich, and the Isle of Ardnew — being two 

quarters of the lands of Ardnew [Ardnave], and equivalent 

to five merk lands. 
24 bolls of oatmeal, of the large measure, at 

6s. 8d. a boll, . . . . L.7 16 8 

Money, , . . . 13 4 

Total Mee, BaHevannich, and Isle of Ardnew 8 10 


Total money rent and rent in kind, payable to the crown 
for the above lands in Isla, . . . L.26 15 8 

V. — Lands in Tvree, 

54. BaUefutye — six mark lands. 

48 males of oat meal at 3s. 4d. a male, . . L.8 

55. Kvrkebald — six mark lands. 

The same as No. 55, . . . . 8 



56. Woyll — one mark land. 

14 males of meal at 3a. 4d., 
1 mart, . 

57. KeiUit — six mark lands. 

The same as Na 55, 

Augmentation on lands in Tiree, 2 marks, . 

Soots Money. 

L.2 6 8 

Total Woyll L.2 16 8 

16 8 

Total money rent and rent in kind, payable to the 

crown for the above lands in Tiree, . . L.28 3 4 


L Rental of lands in Ross of Mull, payable to the Grown 

by this charter, .... L.63 8 7} 

II. Rental of other lands in Mull, payable to the crown by 

this charter, . • . • 21 5 10 

III. Rental of the Island of lona, payable to the crown by 

this charter, . . . . . 22 13 4 

IV. Rental of lands in Isla, payable to the crown by this 

charter, . . . . . 26 15 8 

V. Rental of lands in Tiree, payable to the crown by this 

charter, . . . . . 28 3 4 

Total yearly rent, payable to the crown for all the 
lands contained in this charter which formerly 

held of the Abbot of lona, 

L.162 6 9i 

To which we must add the seryices of the tenants, used and wont, 
which cannot now be readily valued, together with the right of pasturage 
and fishing, mentioned page 168, line 1. 

It would be interesting to know the present rental of the lands granted 
by this charter to Maclean ; and to this point the Editor begs particularly 
to direct the attention of the members of the Club and others. 

Nothing is more perplexing in Highland charters and rentals than the 
various denominations of land which we meet with. In the present char- 
ter, for instance, we h&ve penny lands and their fractional parts ; quarter 
lands J cow lands, or vaccates of Lmd ; and mark lands. The penny lands in 
the Isles are believed to have received that denomination during the occu- 
pation of the Isles by the Scandinavians, and they do not appear to have 
had any reference whatever to the proper Scottish denominations. Thus 
the lands in Ross of Mull, conveyed by this charter, and denominated 
penny lands, amount in the whole only to fifty six penny and three farthing 
lands ; whilst, by the usual Scottish denominations, they were rated to the 
crown as the twenty pound or thirty mark lands of Ross. The late vener- 
able Vice-President of the Club, Sir William Macleod Bannatyne, fre- 
quentW^ urged the subject of the many different denominations of lands in 
the B[ighlands and Isles upon the attention of the Editor, who now 
requests the communication of any particulars calculated to throw light 
upon it. The result of his inquiries will at a future period be communi- 
cated to the Club. 


No. XL 


OuRE SoVERANE LoRD and Estaites of this present Parlia- 
ment Ratifies and approvis the gift and provisioun under the 
gryit Seall grantit be his Majestie to and in favour of the 
Beverend father in God Andro Bischopb of the Isles of 
the date at Blanforde the ellevint day of August the yeir of 
god I** VI*' and fyiftene yeirs of all and haill the Bischoprick 
of the Yles and of the Pryorie of Ardchattan and of the Ab- 
bacie of Icolmekill unite annexat and incorporat to and with 
the said Bischoprick of the Yles appoyntit to remaine and 
abyid thairat inseparablie for ever as ane pairt of the patri- 
monie and propertie of the said Bischoprik ; In all and sindrie 
headdis, claussis, articles and conditiouns specifiet and expressit 
in the said gift, haldin the samyn as for exprest herintill and to 
be als gude and effectual as giff the said gift were ad longum 
insert in this present act ; Lyik as oure said Soverane Lord and 
Estaites forsaidis declairis and ordainis the foirsaid gift and 
provisioun to have been and to be ane gude perfyit and effec- 
tual securitie to the said Andro Bischope of the Yles and his 
successouris for bruiking joising and using of the fructis and 
rentis of the said Bischoprik Pryorie and Abbacie abonewritten 
temporalytie and spiritualitie of the same; and for that effect hes 
dissolvit and dissolvis the act of annexatioun of all Ejrklandis 
to the croun and all utharis actis of annexatioun in sua far as 
the samyn may be extendit to the said Bischoprik of the Yles, 
Pryorie of Ardchattan and Abbacie of Icolmekill and to all and 
quhatsumevir landis. Baronies, Kirkis, Teyndis, fermes, rentis, 
casualyties and dewties pertening and belonging thairto and hes 
unitite and unites and annexis the samen to the said Bischop- 
rik of the Yles to remayne and abyid thairat as ane pairt of 
the patrimonie and propertie thairof in all tyme cuming con- 
forme to the foirsaid gift and provisioun granted to the said 
Andro Bischop of the Yles thairupon ; And farder our said 
Soverane Lord and Estaites foirsaidis declairis that the saidis 

♦ 28th June 1617. — Acts of Parliament of Scotland, vo). iv. p. 554. 


Abbacye of Icolinekill and Piyorie of Ardchattan hes bene 
past idl memorie of man proper pairtis and pertinentis of the 
said Bischoprik as unite and annexit thairto but prejudice 
alwayeis of all and quhatsumever persounes, Infeftmentis, takes, 
richtis and utheris securities lawfullie made to thame conforme 
to the lawes of this realme than standand, and specialie of ouie 
privilege belanglng and due to the Bischoprik of Dunkeld 
furthe of the said Pryorie of Ardchattan and Abbacie of 
IcolmekiU quhilk his Hienes and Estaitis foirsaidis findis and 
declaris sail not be comprehendit under this act. 

No. XII. 


OURE SoYERANE LoRD Understanding that the haill funda- 
tioun and ancient evidentis and recordis of the Bischoprik of 
the Yyles hes bene this lang tyme bigane obscurit and sup- 
pressit that na memorie remaynes quhat or how manye dignities 
wes in that See, and quha wes the memberis of that Chaptoure ; 
and his Hienes being maist willing to restore the said See 
and Bischoprik of the Yles to the ancient intgritie and to 
provide and establische the same with all memberis necessar : -f* 
Thairfore his Majestic with advise and consent of his Hienes 
Estaitis of this present Parliament Statutes and ordanis that 
in all tyme cuming the Persons of Sorfne in Terie quha 
is also Vicar of Icolme Kill sal be Deane ; The Persone of 
Rothesay sal be Subdene; the Persone of Kilmorie in Arran 
ane Prebendar ; the Persone of Cumrie ane Prebendar ; the 
Persone of Killenew in Ylay ane Prebendar ; and the Persone 
of Killean in Torsay in Mvll ane Prebendar ; and they all to 
be Convent, Counsall, and Cheptoure of the said Bishoprik in 
all tyme cuming and after the deceis or removeing of ony ane 
or mae of thame from thair place, the Intrant succeeding to 
the said charge or place to succeid also in that roume of the 
Chaptoure or Convent ; to the eflfect they may concur with the 
present Bischop of the said Bishoprik and his successouris for 
doing of all sik thingis as ar requisit for the glorie of God the 

* 28th June 1617. — Acts of Parliament of Scotland, vol. iv. p. 554. 
t This preamble merits particular notice. 


Weill of the Eirk within these boundis and his Majestds 
honourable obedience. 

No. XIII. 


Tbustie &c. Whereas we did formerlie recommend unto yow 
in behalff of the Beverend Father in God and our right trustie 
and weil-beloved connsellour Johne Bishop of Ylis all 
actionis of law depending or which should happin to cum 
befoir the Lords of our Council and Session tucheing the 
restoreing of the Bischoprik of Yles to that integritie which was 
inteudit by our late royall father ; wherein thogh hitherto he 
hath not prevailed he hath at lenth informed us of the great 
care and paines abreadie takin by yow in the same, for which 
we give yow heartie thanks ; and in regard the purpois is of 
that consequence which may much conduce to the advancement 
of religion and civilitie in these pairts, we arnestlie recommend 
unto yow to insist as you have begun in all actionis of that 
kynd till the said Bishoprik be restored and speciallie in all 
such actionis which conceme taks wherunto the said Bischope 
hath or doth pretend a lawfull right which we will accompt as 
verie acceptable service done unto us if — And being informed 
of a right which we have to the Yles as being the ancient 
propertie of our croun, our further pleasour is that at the next 
meitting of the lianderis before our counsall yow deall with them 
for restoreing our right in a fair and equitable maner ; bot if 
yow doe find that they ar not content to goe on therin, that 
yow informe yourself particularly of our title and right ther- 
unto and acquaint us therwith and with your proceidingis with 
them tuitching that purpois that at our comeing hither we may 
give such further ordour therin as we shall find just cans. — 
Whythall 8 Deer. 1631. 

* From Secretary Stirling's MS. Register, Advocates' Library, 
t On the same day the £ng wrote in nearly similar terms to the Lords 
of Session, in favour of the Bishop. 


No. XIV. 


Bight teusty &c. Wheras for recoverie of the losses both 
of tyme and meanes susteaned by tlie reverend Father in God 
the Bischop of the Yles in prosecuting that charge conferred 
upon him by us, we wer pleasit to grant unto him a Precept 
of 600 lib sterling, togidder with a pension of 300 lib sterling, 
till the temporall estate of that Bischoprik wer f uUie restored ; 
whereof (as we ar informed) he hath not as yet received any 
payment, wherby he is lyklie to be troubled by his creditours 
to whom he standeth engadged for moneyis borrowed by him 
for that service ; — least the charge in that function (it being of 
all uthers of that kynd in that our kiagdome the most trouble- 
some and most necessarie to be executed) should be deferred 
for want of meanes, — speciallie sieing our late royall father 
and ourselff hath takin so great paines for establisching therof 
as a purpois so much conduceing to the good and quyet of 
thess parts and setling of religion ther ; And that it concem- 
eth us in honour not to sie him suffer by relieing upon what 
we hade upon so good consideratiounis intended for him : — 
Our pleasour is and we doe heirby will and command yow 
that forthwith yow pay unto him or such of his creditours as 
he shall assigne unto yow the said pension with the arrears of 
the same; togidder with the moneyis of the said Precept 
according to the intent thairof ; and that notwithstanding any 
former warrant or restraint for whatsoever cans or occasion 
gevin to the contrair ; and for your soe doing these presentis 
shalbe unto yow a suflBicient warrant and discharge. — 20th of 
January 1632. 

C. R. subscripsit Fiat. 

* Secretary Stirling's MS. Register. 


No. XV. 


Carolus, Dei gratia Scotiae, Angliae, Franciae et Hiberniae 
Bex, Fideique Defensor &c. dilectis nostris in Christo Decano 
ET Capitulo Ecclesiae Cathedralis Insolarum, salutem: — Ex 
parte vestra nobis humiliter est supplicatum ut cum ecclesia 
predicta per transportationem reverendi Patris in Christo Joan- 
nis ultimi ejus Episcopi jam vacet et pastoris solatio sit desti- 
tuta, alium vobis eligendi Episcopum et pastorem licentiam 
nostram concedere dignaremur : — Nos precibus vestris in hac 
parte favorabiliter inclinantes alium vobis duximus conceden- 
dum rogantes ac in fide et dilectione quibns nobis tenemini 
precipientes, qaod talem vobis eligatis in Episcopum et pastor- 
em qui Deo devotus nobisque et regno nostro utilis et fidelis 
existat. In cujus rei testimonium has nostras literas fieri fe- 
cimus paten tes : Teste meipso; 17® Octobris ]633. 

No. XVI. 

AS BISHOP, 1633.t 

Trustie &c. whereas the Bischoprick of the Yles is voyd by 
translation of the Reverend father in God John late Bischop 
thairof J We latt yow witt that calling to mynd the vertew 
learning and other good qualiteis of our trustie Mr Neill 
Campbell Minister at Kilmichaell in Glassrie, sone lawfull 
of umquhill Mr Neill Campbell late Bischope of Argyll, — we 
have thoght good be these our Lettres to name and recom- 
mend him unto yow, to be elected and choysen to the said 
Bischoprick of the Ylis, wherunto the abbacie of Icolmkill 

* Secretary Stirling's MS. Register, 
t Secretary Stirling's MS. Register. 
t He was translated to Rapboe in Ireland. 


and Pryorie of Ardchattan ar annexed: Tuaibfore we pray 
and require yow upon receipt heirof to proceid to your elec- 
tion according to the lawis of that realme and our Gong6 de- 
slire sent heirwith; and the same election to be so made to 
certifie us therof under your common sealL — 17 October 

No. XVII. 


Right Tbustie &c. Whereas we ar informed of ane action 
in law depending befor yow betwixt the now Bischop of the 
Yles and the Bischop of Rapho late of Yles tuitching 
a yeirs fruit of that bishoprick ; becaus the ones ordinarie resi- 
dence is in Irland, and the other in remote parts of that our 
Kingdome from that our seat of justice, and that his charge 
requyreth more than ordinarie panes and vigilance in persones- 
of the lyke function : — We are heirby pleased seriously to 
recommend unto yow that spedie justice be administrat not 
onlie in that action but in all uthers that shall cum before yow 
concemeing the said Bischop of Ylis, which we will tak as 
maist acceptable service done unto us. — Grenwitch, 24 May 




Trustie &c. Whereas we wer informed that of late YOW and 
your umquhile brother Hectour M'Cleane did without or- 
dour or anie right violentlie intrude yourselflF in the possession 

* Secretary Stirling's MS. Register, 
t Secretary Stirliugs MS. Register. 


of the Yle of Ycoimekill which belongeth to the Bischop of 
the Ties for the tyme; whairof thay have bene in peaciable 
possession these many yeirs bypast and that yow still doe de- 
teyne the same from the present Bischop thereof: — We hold- 
ing such a violent and indirect a conrss as a contempt done 
unto the Church and consequentlie unto us; and withall 
taking to our princelie consideratioun the detriment therby 
arising to the patrimonie of that Bischoprick, whereof we doe 
rather desyre the incress than any wayes to sie it impared : — It 
is our pleasour and we doe will and command that furthwith 
yow restore unto the said Bischope the absolute possession of 
the said Yland without further hearing or delay. — Whythall 
14 March 1635. 

No. XIX. 


Right Revebend Father in God and trustie and weilbeloved ; 
Whereas we ar crediblie informed that upon lettre in favours 
of the late Bischop of Yles now of Rapho, the Takismen of the 
Tythe fisches of the Yles did dimitt ther takis in his favours ; 
the light and possessioun whairof he suffered to be assigned to 
a laick persone who now enjoyes the same, it being the cheif- 
est benefite of that Bischoprik ; wherunto sieing it was and 
still is our royall intentioun that thess tythis should be inse- 
perablie conjoyned, We doe seriously recommend to yow that 
having takin into your consideration the loss THE PBESENT 
Bischop of the Isles hath suffered by the want thairof, and 
the uthers benefite by his bypast possession, yow sie the said 
reverend Father in God receave the lyke benefite and favour 
his saidis predicessouris had in the lyk kynd and that yow ad- 
minister speedie justice in all uther causses concerning him 
whensoever he shall cum befor yow ; which we ar rather pleas- 
ed the more carefuUie to recommend unto yow, becaus of the 
remotness of his See, of that our seat of Justice, the meanness 
of his benefice and greatnes of his chairge ; To which purpois 
it did pleas our royall Father and ourselff so often to wryt un- 
to yow and other Judicatories in that our Kingdome. — ^Whyt- 
hall, 14 March 1635. 

* Secretary Stirling's MS. Register. 


No. XX. 


Beyebend Father in God: Whereas we ar informed that 
Andbo late Bischop of Rapho at his transportatioun from the 
Bischoprik of Yles did without just cause or aney warrant 
frorae our late royall father or us, carie with him tuo of the 
principal Bells that wer in Tcolmhill and place them in some 
of the Churches of Rapho ; To which purpois we doe remem- 
ber that at the tyme of your being Bischop of Yles yow wer 
a sutter to us for effectuating that thing at your predicessour 
the Bischop of Raphoes hands which we now requyre of yow : 
Thebfob and in regard we have gevin ordour to the pbesent 
Bischop of Yles for repairing the Cathedfall Church of that 
Bischoprik, and that it is fit that such things as do properlie 
belong therunto be restored ; it is our pleasour that yow cavs 
delyver unto the said Bischop these tuo Bells for the use of the 
said Cathedrall Church with such tymlie convenience as may 
be; Which we will acknowledge as acceptable service done 
unto us.— Whythall, 14 March 1635. 

No. XXI. 
letteb, kino chables l to the lobds of exohequeb, dibect- 


Right tbusty and right welbeloved Cousins and Counsel- 
louris ; Right trusty and right welbeloved Counsellouris ; and 
trusty and welbeloved; Wee greete yow well. Whereas the 
reverend father in God the Bischope of Iles is by cure direct 
tion to repayre the CathedraU Church of IcoMciU, the doeing 

* Secretary Stirling's MS. Register. 

t Gommunicated from the original in the General Register House, 
Edinburgh, by Alexander Macdonald, Esq. 


whereof in such manner as is requisite will requyre (as we are 
credibly informed) greate paynes and charges which he cannot 
possibly undergoe without Oure assistance and helpe Therefore 
and inreguard it is a worke which wee affect Wee have thought 
fitt to aUowe unto him and his Assignes the sume of Power 
hundred pounds Sterlin for the more ready payment whereof 
wee doe hereby require and authorise yow to assigne him and 
them to all the few dewties payeable unto us by SiB Lauchlane 
M^Cleane till the sayd sume be couipleately payed, the 
first termes payment whereof to be at Martimasse next 
1635. And in the meanetyme that yow be carefull that he goe 
on with the sayd reparatioun, authorising him with full power 
to requyre service of all such persones in these parts as doe 
owe the same unto us, and that for carrying and transporting 
of commodities unto that worke ; for doeing of all which these 
presents shall be unto yow and every one of yow a sufficient 
warrant ; from our Court at Whythall the 10 day of Merche 


To our right trustie and right welbeloved Cousins and 
Counsellouris to our right trustie and welbeloved 
Counsellouris and to our trustie and welbeloved 
Counsellouris The Earles of Morton and Traquhair 
our Treasurers principall and Duputie of our King- 
dome of Scotland, and to the remanent Earles, Lords, 
and others Comissioneris of Exchequer of our said 

Apvd Ed^primo July 1635. 

The Lordis ordaynes the lettre to be registrat for warrande- 
ing the Thessauraris principall and deputie for payeing the lyk 
sowme yerely to the Bischope at the tennes the said few dwe- 
tye is payable ay and whill he be payit of the sowme of 4^ lib 

(Sic subscribitur) Teaquaiee I.P.D. 

(To be contiffiued.) 



No. I. 


Ane Lettre maid to Donald Farquharsoun in Braemar, 
Makand, Constitutand and Ordainand bim Forestar and Eei- 
par of cure Soverane Lordis Forestis, Wodis and Mureis ly- 
and within the boundis of JBraemar, Gromar and Straithdee, 
for the space of ane yeir next eftir the dait heirof, and forder 
indureing his Hienes will with pouer to him, his deputis and 
servandis, for qahome he sal be haldin to ansuer, to cans hayne 
the said Wodis, Forestis and Mureis ; and to serche, seik, tak 
and apprehend all and qnhatsumevir personis hantand or re- 
pairand thairin with bowis, culveringis, nettis or ony uther in- 
stmment meit and convenient for the distructioun of the deir 
and the murefowHs ; or with aixis, sawis or ony uther instru- 
ment or worklume for cutting or distroying of wood ; and to 
tak the samin fra thame and intromet thairwith to his awin 
use ; and to present thair persounis to the Justice, Schiref or 
ony uther ordinar Juge to be punischeit conforme to the lawis 
of this realme and generallie &** Ferme and stabill to hold 
&« At Falkland the xij day of Julij the yeir of God I« V^' 
Ixxxiv yeiris. 

Per Signaturam. 

* Begutrum Secreti SigUlif vol. 51, fo. 8. 


No. II. 


At DuNTULiME-f" and respective the nynetene day of 

September the yeir of Grod I** VI*' tuentie aucht yeiris It is 
condiscendit, contractit, finallie and mutuallie agreit and endit 
betuixt the honnorabill pairteis underwrittin, Thay ar to say, 
CoLiNE Erle of Seaport, Sir Donald M^^Donald of Sleat 
knicht, Johne M^'clend of Danveggane, Johne M^rannald of 
Ylandtiram, Sir Lauchlane M^finyeane of Strathardell knicht 
and Alexander M^Gillichallum of Basa on the ane and uther 
pairtis. In maner following; That is to say Forsamekill as 
thair hes bene divers and sundrie gude actis of parliament maid 
be his Majesteis predicessouris Kingis of Scotland of worthie 
memory quhairin shuitting with gunnis, bowis and houndis ar 
absolutlie forbiddin for slaying and shuitting of deir and roe 
and uOier beastis pasturand within his Majesteis boundis of 
Scotland as at mair lenth is contenit in the saidis actis of Par- 
liamentis ; For keping and fulfilling quhairof and for preserv- 
ing and keping the deir and raes within everie ane of the hon- 
norabill pairteis forrestis, iles and boundis alyve and for keping 
gude societie and nighborheid amangis thame ; Witt te that 
the saidis honnorabill pairteis ar heirby becum bund and ob- 
leist, lykeas be the tennour heirof they faithfullie bind and 
obleis thame ilk ane of thame for their awne pairtis and takand 
the full burdene in and upoun thame respective for thair haill 
kin, mentennentis and cuntriemen within everie ane of thair 
boundis and iles, that thay nor nather of thame, thair kin, 
freendls, mentennentis nor countriemen sail nowayes heirefter 
in tyme comeing presume nor tak upoun hand to hunt with 
doggis, to slay with hagbute or bow any hart, hynd, deir, 
roe, or doe or ony uther beastis within ather of the saidis hon- 

* Gen. Beg. of Deeds, vol. 408; contract recorded 3d November 
f Sir Donald Macdonald's Castle in Troutemess in the Isle of Skye. 


norabill pairteis forrestis ather in the continent mayne or isles 
pertening to ather of the saidis honnorabill pairteis Imt speciall 
licence had and obtenit in write of the superior to the forrester 
of the forrest; and quhatsomevir persone gentleman tennent 
or commoun countreman that presammis heirefter to hunt with 
dogis, shute with gunnes or bow ony deir or rae in ather of the 
foirsaidis honnorabill pairteis forrestis without the said licence 
purchest at the said superiouris handis, the offender gentiil 
[man] breaker of this contract and condiscending^ sail heirby 
be bund and obleist to pey and delyver to the honnorabill 
pairtie owner of the forrest, for the first fault the sowme of one 
hundreth merkis money of this realme and the hagbute or bow 
to be tane fra him and to be deliverit to the superiour of the 
forrest in quhais boundis forrestis or iles the samyne wrong 
and contempt beis committit and done and toties qrioties for 
everie brek of this present contract and condiscending ; the 
tennent to be heirby siclyk bund and obleist to pey and de- 
lyver to the pairtie owner of the forrest, for the first fault the 
sowme of fourtie pundis money and the hagbute to the superiour 
of the forrest and toties quoties for everie brek of this present 
contract ; and quhatsoevir commoun man or ony uther stragling 
persone that beis fund carying ane hagbute or bow throw ony 
of the saidis honnorabill pairteis thair forrestis for slaying deir 
or rae and that he be nocht solvendo nor worthie the unlaw 
to be imposit upoun him for his contempt, the hagbute or bow 
to be delyverit to the superiour of the forrest quhair he sal- 
happin to be fund and his bodie to be punished according as 
pleisis the superiour of the forrest : Lyee as it is condiscen- 
dit be the saidis honnorabill pairteis in respect that mony 
witnessis dois nocht haunt nor travell throw the saidis for- 
restis be ressone the same is far distant and spatious frome 
thame, that ane witnes salbe sufficient probatioun aganis quhat- 
somever persone that beis fund in maner foirsaid in ather of 
the saidis honnorabill pairteis forrestis with hagbute bow or 
hound and the pairtie challanger and dilater to have for his 
panes and rewarde the third pairt of the offenderis fyne and 
the hagbut to the superiour : Siclte the foirsaidis honnorabill 
pairteis ar heirby becum bund and obleist Lyke as thay be 
the tennour heirof bindis and obleissis thame to deliver the 
transgressour and ofTendar to the effect the partie wrongeit 
and offendit may censure and fyne him according to the grav- 
itie of his contempt and fault after tryall tane thairof be fa- 
mous and honest men ; and [that] the partie offendar be pre- 
sentit to the said superiour offendit within fyftene days efter 



the wrong be committit under the pane of one hundreth pundis 
money foirsaid to be payit to the pairtie wrongeit and offendit 
be the superiour of him who committis the wrong and con- 
tempt, of this present contract ; And what the saidis famous 
and honest men efter triall decemis the transgressour for his 
fyne and contempt, his superiour salbe heirby bund and obleist 
to delyver to the honourabill pairtie wronged and oflTendit his 
readiest gudes and geir ay and quhill the honourabill pairtie 
wrongeit and offendit be compleitlie payit of the offendaris 
fyne under the lyke pane of ane hundreth pundis toties quo- 
ties : And finallie It is heirby speciallie condiscendit with 
consent of the saidis honorabill pairties abone writtin that nane 
or ather of thair cuntriemen or people sail tak thair courss be 
boattis ather to the loches or harboreis within the forrestis of 
Lewis and Hereiss exceptand the Loches of Herisole in Lewis 
perteining to the said noble erle ; the loche of Tarbet in Hereis 
perteining to the said John M^'cleud ; Lochmadie, Lochewot, 
Lochm^faill and Kilrona in Uist pertening to the said Sir Don- 
ald Mcdonald incais thay be not dung and distrest be stress of 
weather ; And incais thay be dung and distrest be storme of 
weather in ony uther loches within the Ilandis of Lewis and 
Heriss, It is heirby condescendit that the kippage of everie 
bote that salhappin to cum in with thair boittes to ony of the 
loches abonewrittin (except befoir exceptit) with hagbuttis 
bowis nor [or ?] dog, sail not pass nor travell fra thair boittis 
ane pair of buttis ; And gif ony beis fund with gun, bow or 
dog to exceid the saidis boundis, heirby salbe haldin as ane 
offendar and contempnar of this present contract and condis- 
cendiiig, and to be punished and fyned as is abonewrittin ; And 
ordanis this present minute of contract and condiscending to 
be put in mair ample forme gif neid requyre ; and for the mair 
securitie the haill abonewrittin honorabill pairteis ar content 
and consentis that this present minute of contract be insert 
and registrat in the buikis of counsall and sessioun to beir the 
strenth of ane decreit of the lordis thairof, that letteris and 
executoriallis of poinding and horning on a simple charge of 
ten dayis allanerlie may heirupon be direct and to that effect 
makis and constitutis Maisteris Alexander Cummyng and 
Mathow Forsyth thair procuratouris, Promittentes de rato: 
In witnes quhairof writtin be Johne Ross notar the saidis hon- 
norabill pairteis hes subscrivit this present minute of contract 
day, moneth, place and yeir foirsaid, Befoir thir witnessis Johne 
M°keinzie of Lochslyn, William M^cleud of Talisker, Johne 
M^'keinzie of Fairbume, Johne Nicolsone and Johne Ross no- 



tans. Sic subscribitur Seafort, Sir Donald McDonald of 
Sleat, Myeloid of Dunveggane, M^rannald^ Alex'. M^gillichallum, 
Lochslin, Williame M^claud witnes, Johne Nicolsone witnes, 
Johne M^keinzie witnes^ Johne Ross witnes. 

No. III. 


At the yeir of God I** VI*' tnentie [aucht] 

yeiris ; It is appointit contractit and finallie endit betuix the 
noble and honnorabill pairteis following, thay are to say, ane 
noble and potent lord CouN Erlk of Seyfort, Lord of 
EiNTAiLL AND Lewis and with him his honnorabill freindis 
following viz. — Johne M^Keinzie of Coygach, George 
M^Keinzie of Kildyn, Mr Coline M^Keinzie of Eynnok, 
Mr Alexander M*^Keinzie of Kilcowie, Alexander M^Keinzie 
fear of Garloch, Alexander M^Keinzie of CouU and Johne 
M^Eenzie of Fairburne for thameselffis, and the said nobill 
lord takand upoun him the fall burdene for the remanent his 
kin and freindis and for his Lordschippis men-tennentis and ser- 
vandis and his foimamit kinsmen takand upoun thame the 
full burdene ilk ane respective for their awne men-tennentis 
and servandis on the first pairt; and ane noble and potent lord 
Symon Lord Fraser of Lovatt, Hew maister of Lovatt 
his eldest laufull son and appeirand air and with thame thair 
honnorabill freindis efternamit viz. Thomas Fraser of Strechin, 
Thomas Fraser of Strowie, Hucheoun Fraser of Eilbokie, and 
Hucheoun Fraser of Balladrum for thameselffis, and the said 
noble lord and his said sone takand on thame the fall burdene 
for the remanent thair kin and freindis and for thair men-ten- 
nentis and seivandis and thair foimamit kinsmen takand upoun 
thame the fiill burdene ilk ane respective for thair awn men- 
tennentis and servandis on the secund pairt; and Hector 

* Gen* Reg. of Deeds, vol. 408 : Contract recorded 3d Nov. 1628. 


MoNBO OF Clynes, Eobert Monro of Assin for thameselffis 
and takand on thame the full burdene for Hector Monro of 
Pitfure and George Monro of Ardchemich and remanent ten- 
nentis of the landis of InnerlaveU on the third pairt ; and 
John Ghisholme of Gomeb and Alexander Chisholme his 
eldest lanfuU sone and apperand air for thameselffis and takand 
upoun thame the full burdene for thair brether, men-tennentis 
and servandis on thefourt pairt ; and JoHNE Gbant OF Glen- 
MOBEISTOUN and Patrik Grant his eldest sone and apperand 
air for themeselffs and takand the full burdene upoun thame for 
thair men-tennentis and servandis on thefyfi pairt ; and Johne 
Bayne of Tulloch. Eonnald Bayne and Kenneth Bayne his 
brether, for thameselffis and takand on thame the full burdene 
for the remanent thair brether, men-tennentis and servandis on 
the sixt pairt ; In maner and eflTect as efber foUowis : That is 
TO SAY Forsamekill as thair is divers and sindrie actis of parlia- 
ment maid be our soverane lordis progenitouris of worthie me- 
morie anent the steillaris of deir^ dae and rae quhilk is appointit 
to be punished as thift and anent shuitteris at thame quhilk is 
appointit to be punished with death and escheit of thair gudes 
movable ; Quhilkis actis ar and hes bene daylie contravenit 
thir many yeiris bigane be ressoun of the impunitie of the of- 
fendaris, quhaiiby the wonted store of deir, dae and rae, in 
speciall within the boundis pertening to the foirsaidis parteis 
contracteris, is greatlie decressit; For better preservatioun 
thairof in tyme comeing the saidis sex pairteis ilk ane of thame 
for thameselffis and takand on thame the burdingis respective 
foirsaidis be thir presentis bindis and obleissis thame and thair 
airis ilkane to utheris respective, that they nor nane of thame 
thair men-tennentis nor servandis sail under quhatsomever 
cuUour or pretext steill nor convoy away be nicht nor be day 
any deir, dae or rae fedand within the boundis of any of thair 
forrestis thairof to ony uther forrest, nather yit sail hunt nor 
slay the said deir dae nor rae be dogges gun nor bow outwith 
the forrest pertening properlie to thameselffis nor transport nor 
carie gunnis in hillis nor forrest for that effisct in na tyme 
heirefter fra the dait heirof without the speciall licence of the 
awner of the forrest first had and obtenit thairto in write ; un- 
der the panes following viz. of ane hundreth merkis money 
ilk persone of the foirsaidis pairteis contracteris and of fourtie 
pundis ilk ane of thair brether, men-tennentis and servandis 
that sail happin to contravene, as ane liquidat fyne presentlie 
modefeit be the saidis haill pairteis to be payit be ilk contra- 
venar to the persone or personis within quhais boundis and 


forrest the contraventioun salbe committit toties quoties the 
same sail happin and that within the space of fiftene dayis 
efter the proving of ilk contrayentioun in presens of the bailleis 
to be nominat and appointit be the pairtie contravenar and the 
pairtie contravenit nponn in ane oppin court to be haldin with- 
in the bonndis of the pairtie offendit quhair they sail appoint ; 
and gif the saidis brether, men-tennentis or senrandis of the 
pairteis contravenaris or ather of the pairteis thameselffis re- 
fmssis to compeir befoir the saidis bailleis or that the baillie of 
the pairtie contravenar siclyk refaissis to compeir to hald court 
and heir probation led ; In that caiss it salbe committit to res- 
save witnessis and pronunce decreit alsweill as gif the uther 
baillie war present ; Quhilk decreit being pronuncit, the saidis 
pairteis ilk ane for thair awne pairtis respective obleissis thame 
to satisfie and fulfill to otheris but ony exceptioun and to cans 
thair brether, men tennentis and servandis to satisfie thair 
fynes toties quoties or ellis to present thame ilkane to otheris 
or to our soverane lordis justice at the pairtie offendit thair 
will and optioun to underly the law for that effect : Consent- 
ing for the mair securitie that thir presentis be insert and re- 
gistrat in the buikis of counsall and sessioun, and that ane 
decreit of the Lords thairof be heirto interponit and that lettres 
and executoriallis of homing and utheris neidfuU, the ane but 
prejudice of the uther heirupoun be direct and the homing 
incais thairof to pas upoun a simple charge of ten dayis onlie : 
and for that effect constitutis Maisteris Alexander Gummyng 
Mathow Forsyth, Johne Sandilandis and David Heriot thair 
procuratouris promittentes de rata : In witnes quhairof written 
be Alexander Ross servitour to William Lawder commisser 
clerk of Eoss, the saidis pairteis hes subscrivit thir presentis 
with thair handis day, yeir and place foirsaidis, befoir thir wit- 
nessis Hucheane Boss of Eilraok, James Fraser of Popachie, 
Gawin Dumbar, Hew M^Gill and Alexander Dumbar, Beidar 
at Croy. Sic subscribitur Seafort, Lovatt, H. M. Lovatt, 
Thomas Fraser of Strwy, John Grant of Glenmorestoun, Pa- 
trik Grant apperand of Glenmoreistoun, Johne Ghisholme of 
Comer, Hucheon Ross witnes, Gawin Dumbar witnes, Hew 
Makgill witnes, Alex. Dumbar witnes, James Fraser witnes, 
Alex. Dumbar witnes to Glenmoreistoun and his sones sub- 
scriptioun, W*°* Finlaysone witnes to Thomas Fraser of Strwy 
his subscriptioun, Mr W*™ M^Kenzie witnes to the Chisholmes 
subscriptioun, W. Fraser of Drumcharden. 

{To be continued.) 



{Continued from p<ige 99.) 

No. XIII. 


Be IT KEND till all men be thir present letteris us Johne Erle 
OF Athole, Lord Balvany &*^* to have sett and in tak and 
assedatioun lattin and be the tenour heir of settis and in tak 
and assedatioun lattis to our lovitt cousing Williame Robert- 
SONE OF Strowane all and haill our landis of Ballewoane 
lyand in Athole within the Sheriflfdome of Pertht for the space 
of ane yeir nixt and immediatelie following his entry thereto 
quhilk salbe at the feist of Whitsunday in the yeir of God 
I*'. V^. thre scoir and alevin yeiris and forder ay and quhill we 
discharge the samyn be lauchfuU wamyng : To be bruikit, 
laborit, manureit, and occupeit be the said Williame and his 
subtenentis with toftis, croftis, housis, bigaynis, myre, moss, 
pastour, fre ische and entre with pertinentis usit and wont; 
the said Williame makand us leill and trewe service thairfoir 
with his kin, freindis, and servandis conforme to his band of 
manred maid to us undir his subscription ; and payand to us 
yeirlie the dewiteis and dew service usit and wont at termes 
usit and wont conforme to our rentale; quhilkis uialis and 
dewiteis be their presentis yeirlie in tyme to cum indureing 
this our assedation we discharge to the said Williame salang 
as he makis us trew service conforme to his said band of man- 
red and nocht ellis : In witness heirof we have subscrivit thir 
presentis with our hand at Dunkeld the fiftene day of Januar 
the yeir of God I**. V^. and thre scoir alevin yeiris befoir thir 
witnes James ramsay and Sir Duncane m^nay Notar. 

Sic subscribitur, Jhone Erll op Atholl. 

* From the original in the charter-chest of Strowan. 



No. XIV. 

IN RETURN, 1592-1595 * 


At Barchibayen the aucht day of Aprile Ane thowsand fyve 
hundreth fourscoir tuelff yeiris : — Compeirit personalie Mal- 
COLME MOIR Maeesaig, Donald bane Makesaig, Duncane 
Makesaig and Gilcallum Makesaig his sonnes, and of thair 
awin file motive and will, uncoactit and compellit, but for sun- 
drie caussis moving thame and alsua for the caussis following, 
hes for thameselffis and thair successioun of new gevin and 
grantit Lyk as thai be thir presentis gifis and grantis to thair 
Weill belovit Ronald Campbell M^'Ean v^'Donald of Barchi- 
bayen-f- and to his airis, all and haill thair hand ofmanred and 
calpisl for evir ; and sail follow and obey him and his airis in 

* From the originals in the charter-chest of the present representative 
of the family of Craignish Dugald Camphell, Esq. The chieftain of 
this tribe, which has certainly existed as a distinct branch of the great 
family of Campbell for upwards of five hundred years, has for a length 
of time been distinguished from the other chieftains of the clan Campbell 
by his peculiar patronymic of MacDkughail Chraignis, or the son of Dougal 
of Craignish. His armorial bearing, which is of undoubted antiquity, is 
somewhat remarkable, being a gaUey, from the mast of which hangs a 
shield containing the well known CH/rond of eight pieces, or and sable, of the 
Campbells. — See NisheVs Heraldry, vol. i. 34, and plate 6. Some of the 
earlier generations of this family seem to have used the territorial surname 
of de vraignish, which is partly preserved in the Gaelic patronymic. 
The charter-chest of Craignish is one of the most interesting for the 
illustration of Highland customs which the Editor has had an opportunity 
of inspecting. The old castle of Craignish, now the property of Archibald 
Campbell, Esq. of Jura, stands on the west coast of the district of Argyle 

t That is Ronald Campbell of Barrichibyan, the son of John the son of 
Donald. This gentleman succeeded in restoring the fortunes of his 
family, which before his time had lost many of its old possessions. 

X Mam,red used in this and the preceding obligation, is considered by 
some to be the proper word, instead of Manrent, the word generally used. 
But as man-rent obviously means personal service, and is always used in 
that sense, and appears only in the bonds from inferiors to superiors, it 
seems to be the awst^orrect expression of the two, — For calpis see supra^ 
p 87, note. r>A^' 


quhatsumevir place he and his foirsaidis transportis thameselffis 
in the cuntrey or without ; and sail obey thame as native men 
aucht and soM do to thair cheiff in tyme coming. Fob the 
QUHILE the said Ronald for him and his airis, bindis and 
oblissis him and thame to be ane goid chieff and Maister to the 
saidis personis and thair successioun as his native men [and to] 
giff to thame thair dewtie that thai and thair successioun of 
men and wemen aucht to haiff eftir calpis, conforme to the use 
of the cuntrey ; and this to stand as ane perpetuall dispositioun 
for evir. Upoun the quhilkis the said Ronald tuik instrumentis 
in the handis of me notar undirwrittin, day yeir and place foir- 
said befoir thir witnesses, Gilchrist m^ean v^illechrist v^donald, 
Gilchrist m^ncaird, Donald m^lalan, Charles' m^ean v^donald 
and Allister m^ean v^donald brethir to the said Ronald^ Dou- 
gale mMougale Cregnis, and Archibald m^ean gorme v^dougale 
Cregnis. — Sic evhscribitur Cuthbertus Adamson, Notarius 
Fublicus, ad praemissa vocatus et rogatus. 

The said daye and place and befoir the saidis witnesses, com- 
peirit personalie Johnne MHUichaUum ifean rfincaird, and 
Gilpatrik m^ean y^illichallum [and made a similar agreement 
with the said Ronald Campbell]. 

1595. April 8. — The quhilk day Archibald M^clyn iot him- 
self and his successioun ; Donald MHntailyer for himself and 
his successioun; Dougald M^evir ffmurrachie and Johne 
m^evir v^'murrachie his bruther for thameselffi^ and their sue- 
cessioun ; also Ewin M^murrachie for himself and his succes- 
sioun; Donald MHllichoan for himself and his successioun; 
Duncane M^kannych for himself and his successioun and [22d 
Nov.] Johne M^chaUum 'ifdonald for himself and his succes- 
sioun [made similar agreements with the said Ronald Camp- 
bell of Barrichibyan, their chief, as his native men]. 

[In all the instances which have come under the Editor's notice where 
native men are mentioned, it is evident that they were not, nor did they 
claim to be, of the blood of the individual whom they acknowledged to be 
their chief. They appear to have formed the bulk of the population of the 
Highlands, and to have descended from the ancient occupants of the soil ; 
whilst the clan properly so called consisted only of the blood relations of 
the chief. By degrees, however, the word clan received a wider interpre- 
tation, and embraced all who fought under the banner of the chief, among 
whom of course were included all the able-bodied men dwelling on his 
lands, whether his kinsmen or his ncUioe m^n. In general it may be affirmed, 
that the former were the higher class, or aristocracy, and the latter the 
commonalty of a clan ; the exceptions to this rule being very rare. The 
MacCoUs, and several other smaller septs, were native men to the Stewarts 
of Appin, and the proportion they bore to the Stewarts proper will be seen 



from the following abstract of i^ return of the killed and wounded of the 
Appin regiment^ in the campaign of 1745-6. 
Stewarts of Ardsheal's family ; 

Killed 8, wounded 3. 
Stewarts of Fasnacloich's family ; 

Killed 2, wounded 4. 
Stewarts of Achnacoan's family ; 

Killed 2, wounded 0. 
Stewarts of Invernahyle*s family ; 

Killed 4, wounded 12. 
Stewarts, followers of Appin ; 

Killed 5, wounded 5. 
Robert Stewart, cousin to Appin, regimental surgeon, killed 1 ; 
Robert Stewart, uncle to Appin, wounded 1. 
Total, Stewarts killed 22, wounded 25. 


MaccoUs killed 18 wounded. 

'-^ C X V-' '^^"^ 

'%-Vtr— - 


v<^ Macinishes, 

>v>^ oi^Xlt) r>Bu4^C MacUduies, 



.^©kAA4M^ '-^, 

* Macuchkaders, 
^ , . I Maclachlans, 

^ t^t^vw^ ^K»^ •'Macleas, 

^ Macarthurs, 

Total commoners killed 





















The regiment, when at the least, was three hundred strong, and some- 
times considerably more. It was commanded by Stewart of Ardsheal in 
Appin's absence. At Prestonpans it was opposed by Lascelles' regiment. 
At Falkirk it was on the left of the army, and was flanked by four bat- 
talions of infantry. At CuUoden it was opposed by Barrel's regiment, 
[now the 4th] which it broke, till the latter was supported by Monro's. 
So intimate was tlie connexion between the Stewarts and MacOolIs, that 
no single chieftain of the family of Auchnacoue reposes in his tomb 
without a MacOoU having been placed on each side of him. For the above 
interesting and authentic particulars regarding the Stewarts of Appin and 
their followers, or native men, the Editor is indebted to William Stewart, 
Esq., writer to the signet, Edinburgh, by whom they were communi- 
cated from the memoranda of his grandfather Charles Stewart (nephew 
of Stewart of Fasnacloich), who, besides holding the rank of captain in 
the Highland army, acted on different occasions as ouarter-master-gene- 
ral, and as private secretary to Prince Charles Edward.] 


No. XV. 


[Keppoch, who was a vassal of the Earl of Huntly for the lands 
of Gitrgayach or Garragach, in the Braes of Lochaber, had assisted that 
nobleman at the battle of Glenlivat or Benrinnes in October 1694, when 
the young Earl of Argyle, acting as King's Lieutenant at the head of a 
large force of western Highlanders, was defeated by Huntly and Enrol 
ana their Catholic followers. In the course of a few months tJie insur- 
rection was totally suppressed, and the Catholic Earls were sent into tem- 
porary banishment ; whilst the reduction of their extensive estates to obe- 
dience and the punishment of their vassals was committed to the Duke 
of Lennox, with whom the Earl of Argyle was probably associated. In 
these circumstances, Keppoch seems to have purchased an immunity for 
his share in the late insurrection, by transferring the services of himself 
and his clan to the Earl of Argyle. As Argyle and Huntly were at deadly 
feud, this mode of weakening the strength of the latter was in all likeli- 
hood resorted to in other instances than that at present before us, during 
his banishment. On the return of Huntly and his restoration to favour 
in 1598, his old vassals, and Keppoch among the rest, disregarding the 
leagues into which they had been forced to enter with his enemies, na- 
turally ranged themselves under the banner of their former Lord.] 

The heidis of appointment betwix Alexander Campbell of 
Lochnanell and Mr Donald Campbell, Commissionaris for 
the rycht noble and potent Lord, Archibald Erle of Ar- 
OTLE on the ane pairt, and Alexander Mac Rannald of 
Cappoche on the uther pairt: Att Achintonf the thrid of 
November 1596. 

Imprimis, Alexander M^Rannald of Cappoche promiesis 
faithfuUie to becum ane trew and afanld servand to the noble 
and potent Lord Archibald Erie of Argyle in all tymis heir- 
eftir againis all persone or personis his Majestic onlie exceptit : 
And for fulfillment of the same, he presentlie giffis his sone 
Angus M^^rannald in plaigj for service and to remane ay and 
quhill the said Alexander giflf ane suflficient profF of his service 
to the said noble Lord : And in caice the said noble Lord be 
nocht content with this plaig, he findis Alexander Campbell 
of Lochnanell, Johne oig M°aen of Ardnamorchin, John Camp- 
bell Tutour of Inverawe, cautiouneris and full debtouris for 
the entering of his eldest sone and air callit Rannald betwix 
the dait heirof and the twyntie tua day of this instant moneth 

* From the original in the charter-chest of Sir John Campbell of Airds 
and Ardnamurchan, Bart., representative of Mr, afterwards Sir, Donald 
Campbell, one of Argyle*s Commissioners. 

t Probably Auchindun in Banffshire. % Pledge or hostage. 

'r t 



of November, as ane mair sure plaig [for] the said Alexander 
M^rannald of Cappoche his entrie and service. 

Secondlie, Alex'. M^rannald of Cappoche promesis fayth- 
fallie to cam himself to the Erie of Ergyle personallie betwix 
the dait heirof and the twyntie fy ve of December nixt to mak 
suflScient securitie to ray Lord for his leill and trew service ; 
Frovyding allwayes that the said noble Lord send ane assur- 
ance to M^rannaJd incontinent to the effect that ather himself 
or his brother may have frie access and recess to do his tomes 
with my Lord betwix this day and daitt and the foirsaid tnen- 
tie fyve day of December : — Provyding allwayis that the said 
noble Lord deliver nocht Mfrannaldis plaig to no man except 
to ane speciall friend of his Lordschippis awin kin and surname. 

Follows in KeppocKs own handwriting. 

I Aleistab Maerannald off Grargavache grantis me to byd 
at all heidis above writtine ; Provyding allwayis that I geit niy 
Lord Argyllis band that his Lordschip will maintein and defend 
me to all kyndlie possessiounis that I may clam kyndness to. 

Sic svhscribitur, Alaster Mak Rannald 


No. XVL 


At Donnone the Aucht day of Januar the yeir of God 
I** sax hundreth ane yeiris: It is appointit and aggreit be- 
twixt ane noble and potent Lord Archibald Erle of Er- 
gyle, Lord Campbell and Lorn &c. Lord of the Regalitie of 
the samyne, Justice Generall of Scotland, on the ane pairt; 
[and] Lachlanb M^Kynnone of Strathordill on the 
uther pairt, as foUowis: — Forsamekle as the bandis, freind- 
schip and amitie that hes bein betwix the said noble Lord and 
his predicessouris and the forbearis of the said Lachlane, is 
notoriouslie knawin and manifest unto baith the saidis pairteis ; 
And thay being willing to reiterat and renew the saidis bandis 
in thair awin persones and to interteinnie and continew in the 
samyne forme of doing of freindschip as thair predicessouris 

* Communicated by Lauchlan Mackinnon, Esq. of Letterfearn. 


did : Thaibfoib the said noble Lord hes acceptit and be the 
tennour heirof acceptis the said Lachlane as his Lordschipis 
native and kyndlie freind, servand and dependar, promesing 
faythfollie eftir his micht power and habiiitie to protect man- 
tene and defend the said Lachlane his men tennentis and ser- 
randis in thair bodeis, landis, heretages, stedingis, rowmes 
possessionnis and in all and sandrie thair honest, lesum and 
npricht actionis movit or to be movit, caussis, qnerrellis, de- 
baittis and contraverseis as his Lordschip sail do to ony of his 
awin surname or to ony uther his native kyndlie freind and 
dependar : — Fob the quhilkis caussis to be performeit and 
in effect acomplishit be the said noble Lord towardis the said 
Lachlane in maner above mentionat, the said Lachlane sail 
await and depend upone the said noble Lord and serve him be 
sea and land as his native and kyndlie maister, protectour and 
defendar and sail tak ane npricht trew and afauld pairt with 
his Lordschip in all and sindrie his honest lesum actiones in- 
tentit or to be intentit, caussis, querrellis, debaittis and con- 
traverseis but dissimilatioune as becummis ane onwaitter and 
dependar to do towards his Maister : — Nather sail he witt the 
said noble Lord his hurt, dampnage, skaith or appeirand per- 
rell in bodie, fame, honour, guidis or geir, bot he sail impede, 
lett, hinder or stop the samyne at his utter powar, force, 
moyen, micht and ingyne : — ^And baith the saidis pairteis 
bindis and obleissis thame to observe keip and fulfill the pre- 
misses ilkane to utheris inviolabillie contrair all that leiff or 
die (oure Soverane Lord and his authoritie allanerlie exceptit) 
eftir the maist strait forme of band and obligatioun : — In wit- 
nes quhairof baith the saidis pairteis have subscrivit thir pre- 
sentis with thair handis the said noble Lordis signet affixit 
heirto ; day, yere, and place foirsaid, befoir thir witnessis Hec- 
tour M^Clayne of Doward, Johne Campbell of Caddaill, 
Dougale Campbell of Auchinbreck, Duncane Campbell of 
Ormadill, Charlis M^Clayne Tutour of Ardgoure. 

Sic stibscribitury Argyll. 

\({AW ■ 

^\{l't(^ X^^r^"^) 


Note. — The above woodcut is a facsimile of Mackinnon's signature in 
the Gaelic language and character. It reads Lachlan raise M'fionguiney 
i.e. LoAictdan I Mackinnon, 


No. XVII. 


At Barbichbyand in Graignes the seivint day of Marche 
in the yeir of God, ane thowsand sax hundreth and fyve yeiris : 
It is contractit agreit and finallie endit for now and ever be- 
twix the honorabill pairteis undirwrittin, to witt, Gillecal- 
LUM Makfeithe of Collisnayb [Collinsay] and Johne 
growm M®V*^Kechern his foster father and officear of CoUis- 
naye on the ane pairt ; and Ronald Cabipbell of Barrich- 
BYAND on the uther pairt: — That is to say that quhair the 
saidis Gillecallum Makfeithe and Johne growm M<^V®Kechem 
byndis and oblissis thame, thair airis and all thair kyn, freindis 
and allya, men, servandis, tennentis quhatsumevir that thay 
may stop or latt, that they sail assist maintein and defend the 
said Ronald Campbell of Barrichbyand his airis, his kyn, 
freindis, men, servandis, tennentis quhatsumevir in all things 
contrair all utheris quhatsumevir be law or by lawf in the 
maist straitest forme that can be usit or devysit be oureselflSs 
or onie utheris : And in lyke maner the said Ronald Camp- 
bell of Barrichbyand byndis and oblissis him, his airis, his 
kyn, freindis, men-tennentis, servandis quhatsumevir that he 
may stop or latt that they sail assist, maintein and defend the 
saidis Gillecallum M^'feithe and Johne growm M®V®Kechem 
thair airis &c. quhatsumevir in all thingis, in contrair all utheris 
quhatsumevir, the Erllis of Argyll and thair speciall freindis 
being exceptit : — And for the mair securitie and suir keping of 
thir premisses, the pairteis abonespecifeit hes subscrivit thir 
presentis, day yeir and place foirsaid, befoir thir witnessis 
Donald MMonald chrom alias Campbell, George Campbell 
brother to Ronald Campbell foirsaid, John Makfeithe brother 
to Gillecallum Makfeithe of KoUisnaye, Archibald M<^V®Kech- 
em soune to Johne growm M®V®Kechem foirsaid, Gillecallum 
M^V^'Kechem soun to the said Johne growm and Donald 
growm m^morrachie. Sio svbscribitur, We Gillecallum Mak- 

* From the original in the Craignish charter-chest 
t JBy laWj^ i.e. beyond law. 


feithe of Eollisnaye and ^JTohne growm M®V«Kechern officear 
of Eollisnaye with our bands tuiching the pen becaus we cold 
nocht writt. Ronald Campbell ofiF BarrichbyanA 



At Icolmeeill the [tuentie fourt] day of August the yeir of 
God I^ sax hundred and nyne yeirs : It is appointit, concordit, 
contractit and finalie agreit and endit betwix the rycht honor- 
abill personis pairteis undirwrittin, to wit, Donald Gorme 
McDonald of Slait on the ane pairt and Rorib M^^Cloydb 
OP Hareis on the uther pairt, in maner, forme and effect as 
eftir followis: — That is to say, forsamekle as the foirsaidis 
personis pairteis abovenameit being certanelie persuadit of 
thair dreid Soverane his Majesteis clemencie and mercye to- 
wardis thame and willing of thair refonnatioun, and thair leiv- 
ing heirefter in peace, as his Hienes quiet, modest and peciable 
subjectis ; and that be his Majesteis and Lordis of his Secreit 
Counsalis wiUis and directionis committit to ane reverend 
father Andro Bischop op the Iyles : — And the saidis pair- 
teis considering the godles and unhappie turnis done be ather 
of thame, their friendis, servandis, tennentis dependaris and 
pairt taikaris to utheris, quhilkis frome thair hairtis thay and 
ilkane of thame now repentis : Thairfoir the saidis Donald 
gorme McDonald and Rorie M^cloyde pairteis abone rehersit 
takand the burdyne on thame ilkane of thame for thair awne 
kyn. freindis, sLvandis, tennentis. dependaris and allya to 
half remittit, frelie dischargeit and forgevin, Lyke as be the 
tennour heirof thay fra thair hairtis frelie remittis, dischargeis 
and forgevis, ilkane of thame utheris and thair foirsaidis for all 
and quhatsumevir slauchteris, murthouris, heirschippis, spuil- 
yeis of guiddis and raising of fyre committit be ather of thame 
aganis utheris thair freindis, servandis, tennentis and depen- 
daris at ony tyme preceiding the dait heirof, renunceand all 
actiounis or persute quhatsumevir criminale or civile that can 
or may be competent in ather of thir personis or thair foirsaidis 

* From the original in the Dunvegan charter-chest. For the occa- 
sion of these chiefs being in lona at this time, see supra, pp. 115, 116. 


aganis utheris for the samyne, jure, lite et cavsa for evir; 
without prejudice to ather of the foirsaidis pairteis to sett 
quhatsumevir landis allegit perteining to ather of thame lyand 
within utheris boundis, as law will ; And for thair forder secu- 
ritie bindis and oblissis thame takand the burdyne on thame as 
said is, ilkane to mak, subscriye and delyver lettres of slaines 
to utheris for quhatsumevir slauchteris committit be ather of 
thame on utheris freindis, servandis and tennentis in dew and 
competent forme gif neid beis, sua that the saidis pairteis 
and ilk ane of thame be thair awin moyennis and diligence 
may deill and travell with his Majestic and Counsell for his 
Hienes remissioun for the samyn ; And heirto baith the saidis 
pairteis bindis and oblissis thame be the faythe and trewth in 
thair bodyis to observe, keip and fulfill the premisses ilkane to 
utheris and nevir to cum in the contrair heirof directlie nor in- 
directlie undir the paine of perjurie and defamatioun for evir : 
And forder faythfuUie promittis, bindis and oblissis thame to 
lief heireftir in Christiane societie and peace and ilk ane to 
assist and mantane utheris in thair honest and lesum effairis 
and busynes : — And for the mair securitie gif neid be thay ar 
content and consentis that thir presentis be insert and registrat 
in the buikis of Consale and Sessioun and the samin to haif 
the strenth of ane act and decreit of the Lordis thairof inter- 
ponit heiiio with executioun to be direct heirupoun in forme 
as effeiris ; and to that effect makis and constitutes 
thair Procuratouris conjunctlie and severalie in vberiori forma, 
promittentes de rato; In witnes quhairof bayth the saidis 
pairteis hes subscrivit thir presentis with thair handis as fol- 
lowis, writtin be Johne Henrysone, Commissar of the His, 
daye yeir and place foirsaidis ; befoir thir witnessis Lauchlane 
M^Kynnoun of Strathordell, Ewyn M^Kynnoun his father 
brother, Allane O'Colgan Minister of Durriness and Ewin 
Oamroun servitonr to the Laird of Coll and the said Johne 
Henrysone. Sic subscribitur • Donald Gorme off Sleate, 
Macleoid, [Lauchlan Mackinnon subscribes as a witness in the 
Gaelic character] Ewin M^Kynnoune wittnes, Alane O'Col- 
gan Minister of Dowreness, wittness. 


No. XIX. 


Be it kend till all men be thir present lettres me Gillicallum 
mMonchie v«intyre v^coshem [v^coshein ?] ; Forasmuch as I 
understand of gude memorie that the surname of Clani^tybe 
y^cosHEM wer of auld native men, servandis and dependaris 
to the house and surename of Glandule Cbegnis alias 
Campbellis in Cregnis; and willing of my dewtie to renew 
the band and service of my saidis foirbearis [quhilkis] war of 
auld, and dewtie to the saidis house and surename : — And ac- 
knawledging Rannald Campbell of Barrichbyan to be of the 
samin house and surename ; to becum bundin and oblist and 
be their presentis bindis and oblisis me and all utheris to be 
discendit of my bodie to be leiU, trew and of avid, native men 
in all lawlieness and siibjectioun to the said Baunald and his 
airis male for evir, and that according as my predecessouris 
wer in use of befoir, or as ony native men are in use in Argyll ; 
in special sail serve be sea and land the said Rannald and his 
foirsaidis els quhalr the said Rannald and his forsaidis sail em- 
ploy us gif neid beis, contrair all persones the auctoritie alan- 
erlie being exceptit : And in takin,f it sail be lesum to the said 
Rannald and his airis male foirsaidis to uplift fra me at my 
deceis the second best aucht that I sail have the tyme foirsaid 
in name of calp, to wit ane hors, meir or maH ; and f alyeing 
thairof of my uther geir moveabill correspondent as use is, and 
sua furthe thaireftir, of my airis male the lyke at ather of thair 
deceisis ; all fraud, gile and exceptioun of the law being renun- 
ceit in the contrair for evir ; Provyding alwyis the said Ranald 
and his airis do the dewtie of ane chief and maister to me and 
my airis male and female as the use is : Attoub I grant me as 
the use is to haif gottin at the making heirof ane guid and suf- 
ficient sword ressavit and deliverit be the said Riannald to re- 
mane as ane memoriall taikin of this my band of manrent as 
said is with me and my airis. In taikin quhairof (writtin be 
Patrik Makcorane, Notar Publicit) I have subscrivit this pre- 
sent band with my hand at Soraba the day of 

the year of God I"* VI*' and tuelff yeiris ; befoir 

^ From the original in the Craignish charter-chest, t Takiv^ Le. iokm^ 


thir witnessis Archibald Campbell of Eilmolrie^ Duncane dow 
mMouU y^ean, Bannald boydache his brother, Johne roy Mac- 
gilchallum officear of Cregnis and Qeorge Campbell, brother 
to the said Bannald. 

Ita est, Patricius Makcorane, Notarius Fublicus ac testis 
premissis ex speciali mandato dicti Malcolmi mMonchie v^tyre 
v^coshen ut supra, nescientis scribere ut asseruit, calamumque 
meum tangentem, testantibos meis signo et sobscriptione 

No. XX. 


At Annat and the twentie day of October and 

the day of I** VP seventie three yeares : It 

is contracted agreed and condiscendit upon betwixt the parties 
afternamed, to witt ane noble and potent Lord Aneas Lobd 
M**D0NELL for himself and takeing burden upon him for the 
name and Clan of McDonalds as Cheeffe and principall man 
thereof, and for his remanent kinsmen, wassails, dependents 
and followers, on the ane pairt ; and the verie honourable DUN- 
CAN M*lPHEBSON OF Clunby for himself and takeing burden 
upon him for the heall name of M^phersons and some others 
called old Clanchatten as Cheeffe and principall man thereof, 
on the uther pairt ; in maner and to the effect underwritten : 
That is to say Forasmuch as both the saids parties doe seri- 
ously consider the ancient love, mutuall freindship and kynd- 
nes that hath been observed and inviolablie keiped betwixt 
ther antecessors; And understanding that pollecie and chris- 
tian dewtie oblidges them to pursue and observe the same in 
all tyme comeing; Thebefobe both the saids parties for 
themselfes, ther aires and successors and takeing burden upon 
them in maner abovementioned. Bind and Oblidge them mu- 
tually to one aneother in maner after following viz. the said 
noble and potent Lord for himselfe and takeing burden upon 
him as said is Binds and Oblidges him his aires and successors 
to owne, aid, love, fortefie, assist and defend the said Duncan 

* From the original communicated to the Editor by Olunt Macphbb- 




M^^pherson, his aires aud successors, the heall name of M^'pher* 
son and all uthers his kinsmen freinds dependers and followers 
with all his power and abilitie ; and that against all deadlie, 
the Kinges majestic his authoritie and law^U superiors ex- 
cepted in ther lawfnll adoes and affaires ; And sigltee the said 
Duncan Macpherson of Gluney for himselfe and takeing bur- 
den upoun him in maner above expressed Binds and Oblidges 
him his aires and successors to honour, owne, aide, fortifie, con- 
curre with, assist and defend the said noble Lord, his kinsmen, 
freinds, dependers and followers and their successors in all 
tyme comeing with all his might against all deadlie in ther 
lawfull adoes and concernments of honour and fortune, the 
Kinges majestic his authoritie and ther lawfull superiors ex- 
cepted : And both the saids parties for them and ther foresaids 
Bind and Oblidge them to performe the premisses ; and for the 
more securitie both the saids parties are content and consents 
thir presents be insert and registrat in the books of Consell and 
Session or in the books of any other Judge competent within 
this realme, therein to remaine ad futuram ret memoriamy &c. 
&c. In Witness quhairof both the saids parties have subscrivit 
thir presentts, dayes and places respective above writtin (writ- 
ten be John Mcpherson Wryter in Innemes) befor thir wit- 
neses respective, viz. to the subscriptioune of the said noble 
Lord and to die subscriptioune of the 

said Duncan Mcpherson of Cluney, Mr Angus M<^herson 
wryter in Edinburgh, Malcolme Mcpherson of Crubinmoir, 
and the said John Mcpherson. — Sic mbscribitur, Macdonell, 
D. M^^pherson of Cluny, -^n: M^phersone, Wittnes, Mal- 
colme M^phersone, Wittnes, John Mcpherson, Witnes. 





To ANT person who has had an opportunity of examining the ancient an- 
nalists of Ireland, as edited in the admirable work already referred to,* 
printed at the expense of His Grace the Duke of Buckingham, under 
the superintendence of the late Dr Charles O'Connor, it would be alto- 
gether unnecessary to enlarge upon their great value and importance for 
the early history of this country, or to apologise for the insertion of the 
following extracts from these invaluable writers in the Collectanea. Their 
antiquity places them in the very first rank, as authorities for the early 
history of the country — their authenticity and general accuracy is unques- 
tionable, while the narration of the events of Scottish history is so inter- 
woven with that of Ireland and other countries, for the truth of which 
we have other evidences, as to convince the most prejudiced of their 
veracity. At the same time, the great rarity of the volumes in which 
some of these annals have been for the first time published, and in which 
the only accurate editions of the others are to be found, and the mass of 
foreign matter which must be waded through in collecting together the 
scattered notices of those events which took place in Scotland, renders it 
highly desirable that those scattered passages which relate to Scotland, 
and which form almost the only authentic record of the historical events 
of these early periods, should be collected together, and presented in a con- 
densed and accessible shape to the Club. 

In a history like that of the Highlands of Scotland, of which the early 
part is enveloped in obscurity, and the later obscured by fable, it is abso- 
lutely necessary that any attempt to elucidate the later and more generally 
interesting portion of its history should be accompanied, if not preceded, 
by an inquiry into those more remote periods which gave birth to their 
peculiar institutions, as well as to their existence as a distinct and pecu- 
liar people. It is necessary that the great leading fstcts of their early his- 
tory should be, in some measure, ascertained, before we can hope to 
throw any great light upon those institutions and manners which marked 
them out, in after periods, as a distinct nation, and upon those events in 
their later history, the remote causes of which lie beyond the range of our 
native records and historians. 

In this investigation, we find that those authorities upon which the his- 
tory of the rest of the country is at present based, afford no clue what- 
ever to guide us to any certain results. Peculiar circumstances have 
deprived the Highlanders of any historians who may be termed native ; 
and we must, consequently, turn to the annals of those other countries 
between which and the North of Scotland any intercourse formerly sub- 
sisted, as our only sources of information. Among these, the principal are 
the Norse Sagas and the Irish Annals ; but while the former throw very 

* Supra, p, 78. 


great light over that period in the Highlands which was more particularly 
connected with the ravages and temporair conquests of the Norwegian 
Sea Kings, the latter are peculiarly ytJuable from their greater antiquity, 
and from their embracing a more extensive period of history. From the 
establishment, in the sixth century, of an Irish colony in Scotland, which 
gave rise, in some degree, to their sources of information, down to the 
reign of David I., when the last struggles of the Highlanders for inde- 
pendence took place, they throw a steady light upon the internal history 
of Scotland, and become an unfailing guide mrouffn the intricacies of fable 
and the obscurity of antiquity. The earliest of these annalists lived dur- 
ing the reign of Macbeth, when the Highlanders had reached the height of 
their power, and became, in consequence, a witness of the events of that 
intricate period. The last of them concludes his annals when the reign of 
Alexander II. gave the final blow to the attempts of the Highlanders to 
maintain their independence, if not to regain their supremacy. 

It is nob to be expected that the information regarding the early history 
of Scotland, to be found in these annals, should be very full, or that a 
clear and minute detail of the events in the most obscure part of our his- 
tory should be gathered from them. The principal object of the Annalists 
was Irish History, — and events in Scottish History are only casuallv 
alluded to when of sufficient importance to attract the notice of the Irish 
writers. The form in which these Annalists recorded the different 
events precluded any continued narrative of the history of either country ; 
and although the greatest accuracy of chronology is attained by the form 
of the chronicle or annals, yet, on the other hand, the Annalist was ob- 
liged to confine himself to a mere unconnected notice of the principal 
events under the different years in which they took place. Tne Irish 
annals are not, however, on this account, of less importajice for the early 
history of the Highlands of Scotland. The events narrated are no doubt 
merely short and unconnected notices, but it is during a period of which 
otherwise we know nothing at all. Their great antiquity gives them the 
highest claims to authenticity, and they become most important guides by 
which the information contained in the Roman, Monkish, and iforwegian 
authors, can be brought to bear on the history of the country. 

These annals are four in number : — 


TiouBRNAC, the oldest of the Irish Annalists, died as early as the year 
1088. He was thus a contemporary of Duncan, Macbeth, and Malcolm 
CanmorCj kings of Scotland, and is therefore the most valuable authority 
we possess for the early history of Scotland. With the exception of a 
few short extracts quoted in 0*Flaherty*s Ogygia, no part of Tighernac's 
annals was ever published or made use of, and until the appearance of the 
ScRiPTORES Rerum HiBERNiCARiTM they wcrc in fact almost inaccessible ; 
for, although Pinkerton pretends to quote largely from this Annalist, and 
founds much of his system upon facts, for which he refers to Ti^hemac, it 
admits of verv easy proof that that author never saw the annals themselves, 
and that, with the exception of the extracte token from O'Flaherty, not a 
single quotation is genuine. A strict comparison of Tighemac, with all 
the other authorities [not Irish] for the early history of Scotland, proves 
that his chronology is strictly accurate. As the other annals in this point 
vary considerably from Tighemac, his chronology has therefore been fol- 
lowed throughout ; and the extracts from the other annals, referring to any 


particular event, have been arranged under the date assigned to that or 
some contemporaneous event by Tighemac; whilst the various dates 
given by the other annalists are subjoined to the respective extracts. 


This chronicle was written by the monks of Innisfallen, in Munster, 
about the year 1215. 


This chronicle was written by the monks of Buellan, in Connaught, 
about the year 1263. 


This chronicle was arranged and put into its present shape about the 
middle of the 16th century ; but it has been satisfactorily proved by the 
learned Editor, Dr O'Connor, that the first part of it^ which includes all 
before the 10th century, was certainly written previous to the 12th cen^ 
tury ; a fact which is confirmed by the character and style of that part of 
the annals of Ulster. The remainder seems to have been added oy dif- 
ferent collectors and continuators in the 14th and 15th centuries. Ex- 
tracts from the annals of Ulster have been published by Johnstone in his 
AntiqwUcUes Celto-NormanniccBy and by Pinkerton in tne Appendix to his 
Enquiry into the Early History of ScoUands but it is difficult to say which 
of these editions is the most grossly inaccurate and incomplete. They 
have been productive of any thing but advantage to the history of the 
country, as the carelessness of Johnstone and the intentional inaccuracy 
of Pinkerton have given rise to many erroneous views, which a correct 
copy of such parts of the original as relate to Scottish History will now 
it IS trusted dispel. 


All of these annals are written with many contractions, and partly in 
Latin, both the Irish and Roman characters being used. Those parts 
which in the original are written in the Iri£^ characters will be found here 
printed in Italics. The contractions are retained. It may not be amiss 
to notice that the contractions "7" and "2" although possessing various 
significations, which can only be determined by the context, imply in 
general throughout these extracts, the former, the copulative *' and/' the 
latter, the thmi person singular of the auxiliary verb " to be.'' The ac- 
oompanjring translation, which has been made as literal as possible, will, it 
is hoped, render the mixed jargon of the original annals intelligible to every 

It is vain to expect that these extracts will prove generally interesting ; 
but it is believed that few will read them without being impressed with 
their great utility, and with the absolute necessity of their being published, 
before any progress could be made in dispelling the obscurity which en- 
velopes the origin and early history of the Higmanders of Scotland. 





A.D. 602. 

Feargus mor mc Earca c. gente Dalraida partem BritanniaB 
tenuit 7 ibi mortuus est. (Tigh.) 

A.D. 606. 
Bass Domangmrt mo Nissi Righ Alban. (Tigh.) 
Quies Domangavrt Oindti/re, (Inis. 496.) 

A.D. 620. 
Buitte mc Bronaig obit Gohim chille nat ? de q' b' dem ? 

Gen chain Goladm an devngh 

Indiu 08 Er, eolaig 

F. aen lith ni radh nuabair 

has bain hvjodhaig m. bronaigh. (Tigh.) 

Nativitas Columbae chill, Dormitatio Buti meic Bronaig 
(Inis. 611.) 

Buti mac Bronaig obiit. Columcille natus est (Buellan. 499.) 

Nativitas Coluvmdll eodem die quo Bute rrwLC Bronaig dor- 
mivit. (An. XJlt. 518.) 

A.D. 538. 

Gomgall mc Domangairt Righ Alhai/a obit, xxxv anno regni 
sui. (Tigh.) 

Mors Gomgaill m, Domangairt regis. (Inis. 531.) 

Mors Gomgaill ttic Domangairt xxxv anno regni. (An. Ult. 

A.D. 660. 

Bass Oabrain m. Domangairt R, A Ibain. Teichedh do Al- 
banchaib ria m Bruidi mc. Madchon R, Gruithnechaib. 




A.D. 502. 

Fergus the Great, the son of Ere, held a part of Britain with 
the Dahriadic nation, and died there. 

A.D. 505. 
The death of Domangart, son of Nissi, king of Alban. 

The death of Domangart of Kintjnre. 

A.D. 520. 

Buitte son of Bronaig died. Oolumba was born, of whom it is 


The beloved Golumba the Clerk is bom 

This day, in Ireland the most learned 

On the same festival, I do not speak ignorantly, 

With the fair triumphant death of the son of Bronaig. 

The birth of Oolumba. The death of Buti son of Bronaig. 

Buti son of Bronaig died, Columcille was bom. 

The birth of Columcille in the same day in which Bute son of 
Bronaig died. 

A.D. 538. 

Oomgall, son of Domangart, king of Alban, died in the thirty- 
fifth year of his reign. 

Death of Comgall, son of Domangart, the king. 

Death of Comgall, son of Domangart, in the thirty-fifth year 
of his reign. 

A.D. 560. 

The death of Gabrain, son of Domangart, king of Alban. 
Flight of the Albanich before Bruide, son of Maelcon, king 
of the Cruithne. 


A.D. 560. 
Mors Oarbain mc Domangairt. (Inia 551.) 
Mors Gdbrain ic DomaTigairt. (An. Ult 559.) 

A.D. 563. 
Navigatio Col, ciUe ad insulam la etatis sue xlii. (Tigh.) 

CoVwmcHle in AUUhre. Prima nox ejus in Albain in Pente- 
costen. (Inis. 555.) 

Passatio Columbe-chili ad insulam la. (Buellan. 561.) 

Navigatio S. Columbae de Hibemia, ad insulam lae, an. et. 
sue xlii. (An. Ult. 562.) 

A.D. 568. 

Fecht in iardomhain la Caiman mbecc mc Diarmato ague 
Conall ic ConhailL (An. Ult. 567.) 

A.D. 574. 

Bass Conaill m. Comgaill Righ Dalriada xvi anno regni 
sui, qui obtulit Insulam la Colaim ciUe. Cath Delgen a 
Gvndtire in q^ Dunck mc Conaill mc Com^aiU 7 al. 
m.lti de servis filior. Gabrain ceci. (Tigh.) 

Mors Conaill meicc Com^aiZl annis xvi reg. (Inis. 566.) 

Mors CoTiaill ic CongaiU anno regni sui xvi, qui obtulit insu- 
sulam le Col. c, (An. Ult. 573.) 

Bel. Telocho i Cianntire, In quo ceciderunt Dvmcat rnc Conail 
ic Comgaill et alii multi de sociis filiorum Oaurain, (An. 
Ult. 575.) 

A.D. 580. 
Cendaeladh Rex Pictor. m. ? (Tigh.) 

Fecht ore la haedan ic Oahrain. Ceanalat rex Pictor. mor. 
(An. Ult. 579.) 


A.D. 681. 
Cath Manand i quo victor erat Aedcm mc Oahrain. (Tigh.) 


A.D. 660. 
The death of Garban, the son of Domangart. 
The death of Gabran, the son of Domangart. 

A.D. 563. 

The voyage of Columba to the island of la in the forty-second 
year of his age. 

Oolumba on his pilgrimage. His first night in Alban was on 

The voyage of Columba to the island of lona. 

The voyage of Saint Columba from Ireland to the island of 
lona, in the forty-second year of his age. 

A.D. 568. 

A piratical expedition in the western regions by Colman beg, 
the son of Diarmid, and Conall, the son of Congall. 

A.D. 574. 

Death of Conall, son of Comgall, king of Dalriada, in the 
sixteenth year of his reign, who gave the island of la to 
Columba. Battle of Delgen in Kintjo-e, in which Duncan, 
son of Conall, son of Comgall, and many others of the ser- 
vants of the sons of Gabran, fell. 

The death of Conall, the son of Comgall, in the sixteenth 
year of his reign. 

The death of Conall the son of Congall in the sixteenth year 
of his reign, who gave the island of lona to Columba. 

The battle of Telocho in Kintyre, in which Duncan the son 
of Conall the son of Comgall, with many others of the al- 
lies of the sons of Gauran, were slain. 

A.D. 580. 
Cendaeladh, king of the Picts, died. 

A piratical expedition by Aedan the son of Gabran. Cana- 
lat, king of the Picts, died. 

A.D. 581. 

The Battle of Man, in which Aedan son of Gabran was vic- 

-. i St v-v 

/- ■ •'^' 



A.D. 581. 

Bel. ManoTin i quo victor erat Aedan mo Odbhrain. (An. 
Ult. 581.) 

Cath Manam la Aedan m Qabrain, (Inis. 575.) 

A.D. 583. 
Mors Brwhdhe mc Maelcon Righ Cruithneach, (Tigh.) 
Mors Bruidi m. Maelcon, (Inis. 576.) 
Mors Bruidi mc Maelcon regis Pictorum. (An. Ult. 588.) 

A.D. 690. 
Cath Leithrigh la h, Aedan mc Oabran. (Tigh.) 

Bel. Leithreid la Aedan mc Oabran, (An. Ult. 589.) 

A.D. 596. 

Q.ies Coluimcill. in noste Do.ica Pentic. v. ed iui ano P. 
eginconis save xxxv aetatis v.o Ixxvii. 

Teora hL bai cen less 
Colum in a duib regless 
Luid CO hainghi as a caM 
lar vii m bl, sect mogad. 

Baas Eogain m, Odbhrain, (Tigh.) 

Quies Coluvmh ciLle nocte Dominica, hi v. Id. luin. anno xxxv. 
peregrinationis sue aetatis vero Ixxvi. (Inis. 589.) 

Colum chilli in nocte Dominica, etatis sue anno Ixxvi, quievit 
in Christo. (Buellan. 568.) 

Quies Col. CU, v. idus lunii an. etatis sue IxxvL Mors Eugain 
mc Odbhrain, (An. Ult. 594.) 

Jugulacio fl. or. 7 Aedan i. bran 7 Domangairt 7 Eochfind 7 
Artuir i Cath Chirchind i q** victus ? Aedan. (Tigh.) 

Jugulatio filiorum Aedan ,i. Brain ocu8 Domangairt. (An. 
Ult. 595.) 


AJ>. 681. 

The Battle of Man, in which Aedan the son of Gabran was 

The Battle of Man by Aedan the son of Oabran, 

A.D. 583. 
The death of Bruide son of Maelcon, king of the Cruithne. 

The death of Bruide the son of Maelcon. 

The death of Bruide the son of Maelcon, king of the Picts. 

A.D. 690. 
The battle of Leithrigh by Aedan the son of Gabran. 

The Battle of Leithreid by Aedan the son of Gabran. 

A.D. 596. 

Death of Columba on Whitsuneve, the fifth day of the Ides 
of June, the thirty-fifth year of his ministry, and the seventy- 
seventh year of his age. 

Thirty years without dispute was 
Columbsi in his dark church ; 
He passed with the angels out of the body 
After seven years and seventy. 

The death of Eogan the son of Gabran. 

The death of Columba on Sunday night, on the fifth day of 
the Ides of June, in the thirty-fifth year of his ministry and 
seventy-sixth year of his age. 

Columba rested in Christ on Sunday night, in the seventy- 
sixth year of his age. 

The death of Saint Columba, on the fifth day of the Ides of 
June, in the seventy-sixth year of his age. — The death of 
Eugan the son of Gabran. 

The slaughter of the sons of Aedan, viz. Bran and Domangart, 
and Eochfin and Arthur in the battle of Chirchind, in which 
Aedan was vanquished. 

The slaughter of the sons of Aedan, viz. Bran and Domangart. 


A.D. 698. 
Qies Baetin Ab, lae ando Ixvi aetat. s.e. (Tigh.) 

Quies Baetmi Abb. lae. (An. Ult. 697.) 

A.D. 599. 
Baas Oartnaidh Regis Pictorum. (Tigh.) 

A.D. 600. 

Cath SaxoDum la h Aedan ubi ceci. Eanfraith fr, Etalfraich 
la Maeluma rnc Baedain i q** victor erat. (Tigh.) 

Bellum Saxonum in quo victus est Aeda. (An. Ult. 599.) 

A.D. 605. 
Obit* laisren Ab. lea. (Tigh.) 

A.D. 606. 

Bass Aedhain mc Gabhrain an. xxxvili reg.i sui etatis v.o 
Ixxiiii. (Tigh.) 

Mors Edain u Qabrabrain. (Buellan 580.) 

Mors Aedain mc Oahrava, (An. Ult. 605.) 

Mors Aedain mc Oabrain. (Inis. 601.) 

AD. 618. 
Mors Tolorgyain. (Inis. 610.) 

A.D. 622. 

Cath Cindelgtkm i q*^ cecider.t da mc libren mc Illaind 
mc CerbaiU. Gondii mc Suibne victor erat 7 Domhnall 
breacc c. eo. Conaing tyic Aedain mc Oahrain dimers. 
2 bi mudine eiceas cecinit. 

Tonda mara morglann—Oricm rodotoicsitar ma crock s 
Fleachadh find for Conaing cond co seatar 
In bean rola a mongfimd, in churacfri Conaing 
Is ro libi agen cmdiu fri hUi tortan. (Tigh.) 


A.D. 698. 

The death of Baetin, abbot of lona, in the sixty-sixth year 
' of his age. 

The death of Baetin, abbot of lona. 

A.D. 599. 
Death of Gartnaidh, king of the Ficts. 

A.D. 600. 

Battle of the Saxons with Aedan, where fell Eanfrait, brother 
of Etalfraich, by Maeluma, son of Baedan, in which he was 

The battle of the Saxons, in which Aedan was vanquished. 

A.D. 606. 
Laisren, abbot of lona, died. 

AD. 606. 

Death of Aedan, son of Gabran, in the thirty-eighth year 
of his reign, and seventy-fourth year of his age. 

The death of Edan the son of Gabran. 

The death of Aedan, the son of Gabran. 

The death of Aedan, the son of Gabran. 

A.D. 618. 
The death of Talorgan. 

A.D. 622. 

The battle of Cindelgen, in which the two sons of Libren, the 
son of lUand )5^son of Cerball, were slain. Conall, son of 
Suibne, was victorious, and Donald brec along with him. 
ConaA, the son of Aedan, son of Gabran, was drowned. 
Bimudine the learned, thus sung : — 

The resplendent billows of the sea the sun that raised them is my 

The storms were against Conan with his army ; 
The woman of the fair locks was in the Carach with Conan ; 
And there was great lamentation this day at Bill Tortan. 


Bellum Cinn deiZggden. ConaU mc Suibne victor erat duo 
filii Lihreni mc Illcmdon mc OerbaUl ceac. Conaig mac 
Aedain dimersus est (An. Ult. 621.) 

A.D. 623. 
Baas Fergna Ab lae, (Tigh.) 
Obitus Fergna Abb. lae, (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 624. 
Oein Adomnain Ab h le. (Tigh.) 
Nativitas Adomnain Abb. lae, (An. Ult. 623.) 

A.D. 627. 

Caiih Avrd coraind in Dailriada; lachtnen mc Tairbene 
Abbach victores erant i. q" cec. t. Fiachna mc Defmain la 
Conadh Cerr R. Dalriadha, (Tigh.) 

Bellum Arda corain. Dalriati victores erant in quo cecidit 
Fiachna Tnac DaXmain, (An. Ult. 626.) 

A.D. 629. 

Cath Fedhaeoin i q° Maelcaith mc Scandail Rex Cmithniu 
victor erat. Dalriada cec. Goncad Ceir R. Dalriada cec. 
7 Dicuil mc Each, R, GeneoU Cruithne ceci. 7 nepotis 
Aedan ceciderunt i. ? RigvZlan m^ Conaing 7 Failbe mc 
Each 7 Oiaeric mxi Albruit Righ domna Saxan c. strage 
maxima suorum. Eoch buidJii toc Aedain victor erat in 
q* cecL Ouaire OaUIsech toc Forannain. (Tigh.) 

Bellum Fereda evin in quo JMaelcaich m/ic Scanail rex 
Cruitne victor fuit. Dalriati ceciderunt. Conced Cerr 
rex Dalriati cecidit. 

Vel Bellum Fedo-euni uhi ceciderunt nepotes Aedan re 
guillon faelbe Mors Echdael buidhe regis Pictorum filii 
Aedain. Sic in libro Cuanac inveni. Vel sicut in libro 
Duibdalethenar. (An. Ult. 628.) 

Mors Ecdach buide m^ Aedan. (Inis. 623.) 


The battle of Cindelgen. Conall the son of Suibne was vic- 
torious. The two sons of Libren, the son of lUandon, the 
son of Cerball, were slain. Conaig the son of Aedan was 

A.D. 623. 
The death of Fergna, abbot of lona. 
The death of Fergna, abbot of lona. 

A.D. 624. 
The birth of Adomnan, abbot of lona. 
The birth of Adomnan, abbot of lona. 

A.D. 627. 

The battle of Ardcoran in Dalriada; Lachtnen, the son of 
Abbot Toirbene, was victorious, and Fiachna, the son of 
Deman, was slain by Gonad Cerr, king of Dalriada. 

The battle of Ardcoran. The Dalriads were victorious, and 
Fiachna the son of Deman was slain. 

A.D. 629. 

The battle of Fedaeoin, in which Maelcath, the son of Scan- 
dail, king of the Cruithne, was victorious. The Dalriads 
fell. Gonad Cerr, king of Dalriada, was slain, and Dicuil 
the son of Each, king of the Cenel Cruithne, was slain ; and 
the grandsons of Aedan were slain, viz. RiguUan the son of 
Conan, and Failbe the son of Each ; and Oseric the son of 
Albrit, prince of the Saxons, with a great slaughter of his 
people. Eeochbuidhe, the son of Aedan, was victorious, 
and Guaire Gaillsech, the son of Foranan, was slain. 

The battle of Feredaevin, in which Malcach, the son of Scanal, 
king of the Cruithne, was victorious. The Dalriads fell 
Oonadcer, king of Dalriada, was slain. 

Or the battle of Fedoeuni, where the grandsons of Aedan were 
slain, Beguillon and Faelbe. The death of Echdachbuidhe, 
king of the Picts, the son of Aedan. The former account I 
found in the Book of Guanac. The latter in the Book of 

The death of Ecdach the yellow^ the son of Aedan. 


A.D. 630. 

Ba88 Conaing chvr ut alii dnt. ano P. regni sui qui victus. 
2 i. Cath Fheadha eoin. (Tigh.) 

A-D. 631. 
Bos Cvamtha mc lachtren R Pictor. (Tigh.) 
Mors Cinaeda rigk Albain. (Inia 625.) 
Mors Ginedon filii Lugtreni regis Pictorum. (An. Ult. 630.) 

A.D. 634. 
Seigme Abd le EccLam. Bechrain fundavit (Tigh.) 
Mors Aenguaa m. Nechtain. (Inis. 628.) 

A.D. 636. 

Cath Seghuise, i q*. cec. lochene mc Nechtain cenjota 7 Cwm- 
aacach rric Aenguaa, (Tigh.) 

Mors Oartnain mc Foith, Bellum Seguse in quo cecidit 
Lochne 'mac Nechtain ceannfotai ague Cv/muscach mac 
Aengvsso agivs Oartnait mac Oith, (An. Ult. 634.) 

A.D. 638. 

Cath OUnne MairisoUy i q°. muind. t. DomhnaiLl bricc do 
teiched. 7 obsessio Main. (Tigh.) 

Bellum Olinne mureson et obsessio Etin. (An. Ult. 637.) 

A.D. 641. 

Mors Bruidi filii Foith. Naufragium Scaphae familioe loe. 
(An. Ult. 640.) 

A.D. 642. 

Domhncdl brecc i cath Stratha Cauin in fine anni in Decembre 
intfect. ? XV regni sui ab Hoan rege Britonum. (Tigh.) 

Mors DomhnaiU bricc. (Inis. 635.) 


A.D. 630. 

The death of Conan Cerr, as others say, in the first year of his 
reign, who was conquered in the battle of Fedaeoin. 

A.D. 631. 
The death of Kenneth, son of Lachtren, king of the Picts. 
The death of Kenneth, king of Alban. 
The death of Kenneth, the son of Lugtren, king of the Picts. 

A.D. 634. 
Seigine, abbot of lona, founded the Church of Rechran. 
The death of Angus, the son of Nectan. 

A.D. 635. 

The battle of Seguise, in which Lochene, the son of Nechtan 
the long-headed, and Cumascach, the son of Angus, were 

The death of Gartnain, the son of Foith. The battle of Se- 
guse, in which Lochne, the son of Nechtan the long-headed, 
and Cumascach, the son of Angus, and Gartnait, the son of 
Oith, were slain. 

A.D. 638. 

The battle of Glenmorison, in which the people of Donald 
brec were put to flight, and the besieging of Etan. 

The battle of Glenmorison and the besieging of Etin. 

A.D. 641. 

The death of Bruide the son of Foith. The shipwreck of the 
boat of the community of lona. 

A.D. 642. 

Donald brec was slain in the battle of Strath Cauin, in the 
end of the year in December, in the fifteenth year of his 
reign, by Hoan, king of the Britona 

The death of Donald brec. 

? • 



Domknall brecc in bello Strait Gairinn in fine anni, in De- 
cembre interfectus est ab Hoan rege Britonum regnavit 
annis xv. (An. Ult. 641.) 

A.D. 645. 
* Lochene mcFiagen R. Griiithne m. ? (Tigh.) 
Lochene yncFingen R Grwithne obiit. (An. Ult. 644? ) 

A.D. 650. 
Bass Gatasaigh rtic Domhnaill bricc, (Tigh.) 
Mors Gatuaaigh mc Domhnaill bricc, (An. Ult. 649.) 

A.D. 652. 
Obitus Seghine Ab lae i filii Fiachna, (Tigh.) 

Obitus Seigni Abbatis las i. filii Fiachne. (An. Ult. 651.) 

A.D. 653. 

Bass Ferich mc Totalai/n, Ectolavrg mc Fooitk Regis Pic- 
torum. (Tigh.) 

Mors Ferit mic Totolain et Dolairg mc Fooit regis Pietorum. 
(An. Ult. 652.) 

A.D. 654. 

Gaih Sraiha Ethairt re Tolartach mc Anfrait R. Gruithne 
i torchair Duncadh mc Gonaing 7 Gongal mc Ronain. Aed 
Roin mc Mailcobha m. ? (Tigh.) 

Bellnm irrato Etairt ubi Duncat mc Gonaing cecidit Ado 
Roin ma^ Maelcoba, (An. Ult. 653.) 

A.D. 657. 

Q.ies Suihne mc Guirthre Abb, lea, Gaih Ddend i. q°. i. 
feet ? Maelded mc Gonaing, baa Tolarcain m/i Ainfritk R. 
Gruithne. (Tigh.) 


Donald brec was slain in the battle of Strath Carin, in the end 
of the year, in December, by Hoan, king of the Britons. 
He reigned fifteen years. 

A.D. 645. 
Lochene the son of Fingen, king of the Cruithne, died. 
Lochene the son of Fingen, king of the Cruithne, died. 

A.D. 650. 
The death of Catasaigh the son of Donald brec. 
The death of Catusaigh the son of Donald brec. 

A.D. 652. 

The death of Segine, Abbot of lona, who was the son of 

The death of Seigni, Abbot of lona, the son of Fiachne. 

A.D. 653. 

The death of Ferich, the son of Totalan, and of Ectolarg, the 
son of Foith, the king of the Picts. 

The death of Ferit, the son of Totolan, and Dolarg, the son 
of Foit, king of the Picts. 

A,D. 654. 

The battle of Strath Ethart by Tolartach, the son of Anfrat, 
king of the Cruithne, in which Duncan the son of Conan, 
and Congal the son of Ronan, were slain. Aed Roin, the 
son of Malcoba, died. 

The battle of Rath Etart, where Duncan, the son of Conan, 
was slain by Ado Roin, the son of Malcoba. 

A.D. 657. 

The death of Suibne, the son of Cuirtre, Abbot of lona 

The battle of Delend, in which Maided, the son of Conan, was 
slain. The death of Tolarcan, the son of Anfrith, king of 
the Cruithne. 


Obitus Suibmi mc Cuiriri Abbatis lae. Bellum Delend in 
quo interfectus est Maeldent rriac ConaiU Mors Tolargava 
mc Ainfrit regis Pictorum. (An. Ult. 656.) 

A.D. 660. 
CoTuiill CrandaTnna ra. ? . (Tigh.) 

Gondii Crannamna moritur. (An. Ult. 659.) 

A.D. 663. 

Mors Qartnaidh mc DomhnaUl Righ Cmithneach 7 Domh- 
naill mc Tuathalain 7 Tiiathal mc Morgainn. (Tigh.) 

Mors Oartinaid filii DomhnaUl et DoinknaUl mc Totolain 
et Tuathail mc Morgavad. (An. Ult. 662.) . 

A.D. 664. 
Bellum Lvbto feimn, (An. Ult. 663.) 

A.D. 666. 
Eochaigh larlmthe R, Cruithne MidJii m. e. (Tigh.) 
Eoch. larlait Rex Oruitne moritur. (An. Ult. 665.) 

A.D. 668. 

Navigatio filior. Oartnaith ad Hib.niam c. plebe Scith, 

Navigatio filiorum Oavinaid ad Hiberniam cum plebe Sceth. 
(An. Ult. 667.) 

A.D. 669. 

Obitus Cumaine Ailbe Abatis lea. Staman 7 Cori/ndu ap. 
Pictones defuncti s. t. (Tigh.) 

Obitus Cuw/meni Albi Abbatis la^, Cormall apud Pictores 
Defunctns est. (An. Ult. 668.) 

A.D. 670. 
Venit Gens Gartnait de Hib.nia. (Tigh.) 

— --«"• 


The death of Suibne, the son of Cuirtre, Abbot of lona. The 
battle of Delend, in which Maldent, the son of Conall, was 
slain. The death of Tolargan, the son of Ainfrit, king of 
the Picts. 

A.D. 660. 
Conall Crandamna died. 
Conall Crannamna died. 

A.D. 663. 

The death of Gartnaidh the son of I)onald, king of the 
Cruithne, and Donald the son of Tuathalan, and Tuathal 
the son of Morgan. 

The death of Gartnaid, the son of Donald, and Donald, the 
son of Totolan, and Tuathal, the son of Morgan. 

A.D. 664. 
The Battle of Lutofern. 

A.D. 666. 
Eochaigh larlath, king of the Midland Cruithne, died. 

Eoch. lariat, king of the Cruitne, died. 

A.D. 668. 

The Navigation of the sons of Gartnath to Ireland with the 
people of Sky. 

The Voyage of the sons of Gartnad to Ireland with the people 
of Sky. 

A.D. 669. 

The death of Cumaine Ailbe, abbot of lona. Among the 
Pictones Starnan and Corindu died. 

. The death of Commeni the white, abbot of Iona<. Connall 
among the Pictores died. 

A.D. 670. 
The Gartnat tribe return from Ireland. 


Venit genus OartnaU de Hibemia. (An. Uit. 668.) 

A.D. 671. 
Madruba in Britanniam navigat. (Tigh.) 
Madruhai in Britanniam navigavit. (An. Ult. 670.) 

A.D. 672. 
Expulsio Drosto de regno. (Tigh.) 
Expulsio Drosto de regno. (An. Ult. 671.) 

A.D. 673. 

Ouin Domainguvrt mc DomknaUl bricc It. Dailriaia Navi- 
gatio Faiihe Ah. lea in H.niam Maelruba fundavit 7 .Lsiam 
Aporcrosan, (Tigh.) 

Jugulatio Domaingairt Ttic DomhnaiU bi*icc regis Dalriati, 
Navigatio Fdelbei Abbatis lae in Hiberniam Maelrubai 
fundavit Ecclesiam Aporcrossan. (An. Ult. 672.) 

A.D. 676. 

FaUbe de Hib.nia revertitur. (Tigh.) 

Multi Pictores dimersi sunt iUaind Abae. — FeaZbe de Hiber- 
nia revertitur. (An. Ult. 675.) 

A.D. 678. 

Ferchair fectio generis .L fotai 7 Britones q. victores erant 
loairn itir m. Baas Drosto mc DomJmaU. CaOi i Calistros 
L q. vict 2 DomJinall breac. (Tigh.) 

Interfectio generis Loaimn itir inn Bellum Duinlodio et 
Bellum Liacc Madava et Doiradd EUi/an. Mors Drosto 
filii Domhnmll, Bellum iccalathros in quo victus est Domr 
hnall brece. (An. Ult. 677.) 

A.D. 679. 
Qies FaUhe Ab. lea. Dormitacio Nectain. (Tigh.) 



The tribe Oartnat returned from Ireland. 

Malruba sails to Britain. 
Malruba sailed to Britain. 

..D. 68(1. 

A.D. 672. 
The Expulsion of Drost from his kingdom. 
The Expulsion of Drost from his kingdom. 

A.D. 673. 

The slaughter of Domangart, the son of Donald brec, king of 
Dalriada. The Voyage of Failbe, abbot of lona, to ire- 
land. Malruba founded the church of Aporcrosan. 

NoTB. — In this and some other instances where the translations of the ex- 
tra^ from the different am>nals are identical, although the original passages 
differ, owing to the Gaelic words in the one being rendered into Latin in the 
other, dkc, Sc, it has been thought unnecessary to burden the reader with dupli- 
cate transUUioTis of the longer passages, 

A.D. 676. 
Failbe returned from Ireland. 
Many of the Pictores were drowned in the river of Abae. 

A.D. 678. 

The slaughter of the tribe of Lorn, in a battle between Fer- 
charfftta and the Britons, who were victorious. The death 
of Drost, the son of Donald. Battle in Calistros, in which 
Donald brec was vanquished. 

The slaughter of the tribe of Lorn, in the district of Inn. 
The battle of Dunlochy and the battles of Liacc Malain 
and Dorad Eilinn. The death of Drost, the son of Donald. 
The battle of Calathros, in which Donald brec was van- 

A.D. 679. 
The death of Failbe, abbot of lona. The death of Nectan. 


A.D. 679. 
Quies Failbe abbatis lae. Dormitacio Necktavn New, (An. 

Ult. 678.) 

A.D. 680. 

Obsessio Duin Baitte. Dunch, filius Eugunai ju^latur. 
(An. Ult. 679.) 

A.D. 681. 

Bass ConaUl chaU mc Dnnchadh, i Cindtire, Bass Sechnu- 
saigh mc Airmidhaig 7 Conaing mc CongaZl. (Tigh.) 

Jugulatio OonaiU Goil filii Duncho ic CuiuTUire. Jugulatio 
Seachnasaig mc Airmetaig et Gonavng m. CongaUe. Ob- 
sessio Duin Foither. (An. Ult. 680.) 

A.D. 682. 
Orcades deletoe s.t fa Bruidhe, (Tigh.) 
Orcades deleti sunt la Bruide. (An. Ult. 681.) 

. AD. 683. 

Dormitacio Aii^iedhaigh na Craebe, (Tigh.) 

Obsessio Duinaill et Duinduim, Dormitacio Airinedaig na 
Cribhe. (An. Ult. 682.) 

A.D. 686. 

Oath Duin Necktava xx die m. Maii Sabbati die factum ^ in 
q** EcfHt mc Ossu Rex Saxonum, xv anno regni sui consu- 
mata magna c. caterva militum suorum i.fectus la Brudhi 
Tnc bill Rege Fortrein DomhnaU breacc mxi Each buidhi do 
toitim la haan Righ Breatan i ca4;h Sraih Gam, (Tigh.) 

Bellum Duin NecMa in 11 die mensis Maii die Sabbati fac- 
tum est, in quo EtfiH mc Ossu rex Saxonum xv anno regni 
sui, consummata magna cum caterva militum suorum, inter- 
fectus est et combussit Tula Aman Duin Ollaig. Talorg 
mc Aicthaen et DomJin, brecc rnc Each mortui sunt. (An. 
Ult. 685.) 


A.D. 679. 

The death of Failbe, abbot of lona. The death of Nechtan 

A.D. 680. 

The Siege of Dunbaitte. Duncan the son of Eoganan is 

A.D. 681. 

The death of Conall cail the son of Duncan in Bantyre. The 
death of Sechnusagh, the son of Armidhag, and Conan, 
the son of Congal. 

The slaughter of Conall Coil, the son of Duncan, in Kintyre 
The slaughter of Sechnasagh the son of Airmetagh, and 
Conan the son of Congal. The besieging of Dun Fother. 

A.D. 682. 
The Orcades are wasted by Bruide. 
The Orcades are wasted by Bruide. 

A.D. 683. 

The death of Armedhagh of the Craebe. 

The besieging of Dunail and Dundum. The death of Ar- 
medag of the Craebe. 

-^---^M '/.^ 6^.^./. ;w 

The battle of Dunnichen was fought on the twentieth of May, 
on the Sabbath day, in which Ecfrit, the son of Ossu, king 
of the Saxons, was slain, in the fifteenth year of his reign, 
with the whole of his great army of soldiers, by Bruide, the 
son of Bili, king of Fortren. Donald brec, the son of Each 
buidhe, slain by Hoan, king of the Britons, in the battle of 

The battle of Dufinichen was fought on the eleventh day of the 
month of May, on the Sabbath day, in which Etfirt, the son 
of Ossu, king of the Saxons; was slain, in the fifteenth year 
of his reign, with the whole of his large army, and Tula 
Aman Dun OUaig was burnt. Talorg, the son of Aicthaen, 
and Donald brec, the son of Echa, died. 


•o ■ ■■• 1- 


A.D. 689. 

Mors Cathasaiq k. Domkn, hricc mc Feradhaig mc TuaiiuiU 
mc MaiLedmn mo dmall Crandamnai, (Tigh.) 

Mors Catuswig nepotis Donned Bricc. Mors Feradaig mc 
TuataloMi. Mors Maded/wm ic ConaiU CmnamncL (An. 
Ult. 688.) 

A.D. 692. 

Adomnanus xilli an. post pausam^aiZ&e/oe ad Hib.niam p.gid. 

Ada/mnannis xiv anno post pausam Failhei ad Hibemiam per- 
git. (An, Ult. 691.) 

A.D. 693. 

Bruidhe mac BUe Rex Fortrend mot. 7 A Ipin mc Nechtain, 

Brvdde mac BUe Rex Fortren et AUphvn mc Nectin mortui 
sunt. (An. Ult 692.) 

A.D. 694. 

DomhnaM mc Avin Rex Alochluaithe mori. (Tigh.) 

Obsessio Duin Foter. Mors Fercair mc Conaet Cirr, Dom- 
hnaU m/ic Ainn Rex Alochiate moritur. (An. Ult. 693.) 

A.D. 696. 

Jugulatio ConaiU Oromdomna^ (Tigh.) 

Jugulatio DomhnaiU filii ConaiU Crandamhnm. (An. Ult 

A,D. 697. 

Fearca/rfota m^yr. Adomnan tuc recht leisa in Erind am U. 
sea. (Tigh.) 

Fercharfota moritur. Adomnanus ad Hibemiam pergit et 
dedit legem innocentium populis. (An. Ult 696.) 


A.D. 689. 

The death of Cathasagh, grandson of Donald brec ; of Fera- 
dagh, the son of Tuathal ; and of Malduin, the son of Conall 

The death of Catusag, the grandson of Donald brea The 
death of Feradag, the son of Tuatalan. The death of Mal- 
duin, the son of Conall Crunamna. 

A.D. 692. 

Adomnan proceeded to Ireland in the fourteenth year after the 
death of Failbe of lona. 

A.D. 693. 

Bruide, the son of Bile, king of Fortren, and Alpin, the son 
of Nechtan, died 

A.D. 694. 

Donald the son of Avin, king of Alclutha, died. 

The siege of Dun Foter. The death of Ferchar the son of 
Eeneth Cer. Donald the son of Ainn, king of Alclutha, 

A.D. 696. 
The slaughter of Conall Crandomna. 
The slaughter of Donald the son of Conall Crandamna. 

A.D. 697. 

Fearchar fata died. Adomnan brought a law with him this 
year to Ireland. 

Ferchar Fata died. Adomnan proceeded to Ireland, and gave 
the law of the Innocents to the people. 




A.D. 698. 

Cath et. Saxones 7 Pictos u. cec. filius bemith q. dicebat. 
Brecktraig. (Tigh.) 

Bellum inter Saxones et Pictos, ubi cecidit filius Bernit qui 
dicebatur Brectrid. Combustio Duni Molavn/g Expulsio 
AvafoeU filii Fercair de regno et vinctus ad Hibemiam vehi- 
tur. (An. Ult. 697.) 

A.D. 701. 

Destructio duin Onlaig ap. SeaJhac, Jugulatio generis Cath 
both, (An. Ult. 700.) 

A.D. 704. 

Strages DaUriada in Olen lemnae. Adamnanus lxxvii anno 
aetatis suoe, in ix KaL Octobr. Abbas le pausat. (Tigb.) 

Adamnan Ab. lae 7 sapiens quievit in Xpo. (Inis. 693.) 

Strages Dalriati in valle Limnae, Adomnanus lxxvii an. eta- 
tis sue Abbas lae pausat. (An. Ult. 603.) 

A.D. 706. 
Bruide m, DerUe m 2 . (Tigh.) 
Bruide mac Derili moritur. (An. Ult. 705.) 

A.D. 707. 

Dunchad Principatum lae tenuit. (Tigh.) 
DuTicha Principatum lae tenuit. (An. Ult. 706.) 

A.D. 709. 

Bellum /o9' orcaibh in quo filius Artablari jacuit (An. Ult. 

A.D. 710. 

Conmael irhc Abb. lea pausat. (Tigh.) 

Conain mcui Failbi Abbas lae pausat. Imbiarecc apud genus 
Comgail ubi duo filii Nechtain mc Doirgarto jugulati sunt. 


A.D. 698. 

Battle between the Saxons and the Picts, where a son of Ber- 
nith was slain, who was called Brechtraig. 

Battle between the Saxons and the Picts, where a son of Ber- 
nit, called Brectrid, was slain. The burning of Dun Molang. 
The expulsion of Aincellach the son of Ferchar from his 
kingdom, and he was carried bound to Ireland. 

A.D. 701. 

The destruction of Dunolly by Selbhac. The slaughter of 
the tribe Cathboth. 

A.D. 704. 

The slaughter of the Dalriads in Glen lemna. Adomnan, 
abbot of lona, died in the seventy-seventh year of his age, 
in the ninth day before the kalends of October. 

Adomnan the Wise, abbot of lona, rested in Christ. 

The slaughter of the Dalriads in the valley of Lemna. Adom- 
nan, abbot of lona, died in the seventy-seventh year of his 

A.D. 706. 
Bruide the son of Derile died. 
Bruide the son of Derile died. 

A.D. 707. 
Dunchad held the primacy of lona. 
Duncha held the primacy of lona. 

A.D. 709. 

Battle against the Orkneys, in which the son of Artablar was 

A.D. 710. 

Conmael, son of the abbot of lona, died. 

Conain the son of Failbi, abbot of lona, died Check given to 
the tribe Comgal, where the two sons of Nechtan the .son 


Oengus mac Maelaen for inad jugulatus. Fiachra mac 
Dungaile apud Gruithne jugulatus. (An. Ult. 709.) 

A.D. 711. 

Strages Fictorum in campo Monand a Saxonis ubi Findgaine 
mc Deleroith immatura morte jacuit. Congressio Britto- 
num et Dalriadha for Loirgeclat, ubi Britones devictL 

Strages Fictorum in campo MaTumn apud Saxones ubi Fimr 
guvne filius Deileroith immatura morte jacuit Congressio 
Britonum et DcUriati for loingg ecdet ubi Britones devictL 
(An. Ult. 710.) 

A.D. 712. 

Ceode Esp. lea pausat. (Tigh.) 

Coeddi Episcopus lae pausat. Combustio Tiarpirt Baetten 
Comgal mac Doirgarto moritur. Obsessio Aberte apud 
Selbacum, (An. Ult. 711.) 

A.D. 713. 

Ci/naedh mc Decrili 7 fls Mathgeman jugul. s. t. Dorbeni 
Cathedram lae obtinuit, 7 v mensib' peractis in Frimatia, 
V. Kal. Nov. die Sabati obit. Tolarg mc Drostain ligatus 
ap. f.rem suum Nechtan regem. (Tigh.) 

Ciniod mxic Derili et filius Maitgemain jugulati sunt. Dor- 
bein Kathedram lae obtinuit et quinque mensibus peractis 
in primatu v EaI. Novembris, die Sabbati obiit Tola/rgg 
filius Drostrain ligatus apud fratrem suum Nechtam, (An. 
Ult. 712.) 

A.D. 714. 
DunoU, construit. ap. Selbac. (Tigh.) 
Dun Olaigg construitur apud Selbacum. (An. Ult. 713.) 

A.D. 715. 
Dorbene Abb lae. (Tigh.) 


of Doirgarto were slain. Angus the son of Maelan slain 
upon the island. Fiachra the son of Dungal slain by the 

A.D. 711. 

The slaughter of the Picts in the plain of Manand by the 
Saxons, where Fiudgaine the son of Deleroith was slain by 
an untimely death. A conflict between the Britons and 
the Dalriads at Lorgeclat or Longecclet, where the Britons 
were overcome. 

A.D. 712. 

Ceode, bishop of lona, dies. 

Coeddi, bishop of lona, dies. The burning of Tiarpirt Baet- 
ten. Congal the son of Doirgarto dies. The siege of Aberte 
by Selbhac. 

A.D. 713. 

Kenneth the son of Derili and his son Mathgernan are slain. 
Dorbeni obtained the episcopal chair of lona, and, after five 
months' possession of the primacy, died on the Sabbath day, 
on the fifth day before the kalends of November. Tolarg 
the son of Drostan bound by his brother Nectan the king. 

A.D. 714. 
Dunolaigg built by Selbhac. 

A.D. 715. 
Dorbene, abbot of lona. 


A.D. 716. 

Pasca in Eo civitate commutatur. Fadchu mc Doirbeni 
Oathedram Columbae Ixxiiii etatis anno, in iv. Kl. Septem- 
bris die Sabbati suscepit. (Tigh.) 

Oamat filius Deileroit m oritur. Pasca commutatur in leoa 
civitate. FeaXcu mc Dorbeni Kathedram Columbe Ixxiv 
etatis sue Anno IV. Kal. Septembris, die Sabbati suscepit. 
(An. Ult. 715.) 

AD. 717. 

Dunchadh mc Cindfaeladh Ah, le obit. Expulsio familioe le 
trans dorsum Britannioe a Nectano rege. Congressio Dal- 
riada 7 Britonum in lapide q. vocat' Mvavircc 7 Britones 
devicti s. t. (Tigh.) 

Duncha mac Cinnfaelad Abbas lae obiit. Expulsio familie 
lae trans dorsum Britannic a Nectano Rege. Congressio 
Dah'iati et Britonum in lapide qui vocatur Minvirc et 
Britones devicti sunt. (An. Ult. 716.) 

A.D. 718. 
Tonsura Corona s. r. familiam lea dat*. (Tigh.) 

A.D. 719. 

Cath Finglinne ittir da mc Fearchair fota i q"" AivhhceU, 
jugul. 2 die quintae ferioe Id. Septemb. Cath maritimum 
Airdeaneabi ethir Dvmchadh mc Becc cum genere Ghxh- 
rain 7 Selba^ c. genere Loaiim 7 v. su. 2 super Selbacum 
II n. Octobr. die III ferioe, l q° quidam coraites corrue- 
runt. (Tigh.) 

Bellum Finnglinne inter duos filios Ferchair fotti in quo -4m- 
/ceaKacA jugulatus est die quinte ferie Id. Septembris. Bel- 
lum maritimum Ardeaneisbi inter Duncha mhecc cum ge- 
nere Oahhri et Selhacum cum genere Loaim et versum est 
super Selhacum, pridie nonas Octobris die VI ferie in quo 
quidam commites corruerunt (An. Ult. 718.) 



A.D. 716. 

The time of holding Easter changed in the community of 
lona. Faelchu the son of Doirbeni received the episcopal 
chair of Columba, in the seventy-fourth year of his age, on 
the 4th day before the kalends of September, on the Sab- 
bath day. 

Gramat the son of Deileroit died. 

A.D. 717. 

Duncan the son of Cindfaeladh, abbot of Zona, died. The 
expulsion of the community of lona across Drumalban by 
Nectan the king. A conflict between the Dalriads and 
the Britons, at the stone which is called Minvircc, and s ^ ^ 
the Britons were defeat^jd. — — - . .«/>*^^^f ' ijp"* 

A.D. 718. 
The Coronal tonsure imposed upon the community of lona. 

A.D. 719. 1 .^/^^^ 

The battle of Glenfine^etween the two sons of Fercharfata^ 
in which AinblScellach was slain, about the fifth day before 
the ides of September. The maritime battle of Ardnesbi, be- 
tween Duncan the son of Becc with the tribe Gabran, and 
Selbhac with the tribe Lorn, and Selbhac was defeated 
on the second day before the nones of October, in which 
battle certain chiefs were slain. 


' X 


M ..•■ 



A.D. 721. 
Dtmchadh becc Ri Cindtiri m. ? (Tigh.) 

Duncha becc rex Cinntire moritur. (An. Ult. 720.) 

A.D. 722. 

Madruba in Apercrosaan, anno lxxx aetatis suae 7 trib' 
mensib' 7 xix dieb* p. actis, in xi kl. Mai, tertioe fericB die 
pausat. BiliTncAlphinereKAllochluaithemontnT, FeidhL 
principatum lea tened. (Tigh.) 

Madrubai in Apurcrossan^ anno lxxx etatis sue. Bile mac 
EUpin rex Alocluaie moritur. Feidlimid Principatum lae 
tenuit (An. Ult. 721.) 

A.D. 723. 
Clericatus Selbaigh regis Dalriada. (Tigh.) 

A.D. 724. 

laslchvj mc Dorbene Ab, H. dorm. Cillenius longus ei in pri- 
matum successit. Clericatum Echtain regis Pictorum. 
Druxat postea regnavit. (Tigh.) 

Faelcv, mac Dorbeni abbas /oe dormit. Cillenius longus ei in 
principatu lae successit. (An. Ult. 723.) 

A.D. 726. 
Sima filius Drmst constringitur. (Tigh.) 

Svmul filius DrvAa constringitur. Congal tooc Madeanfaith 
brecc Fortrenn et Oan princeps Ego mortui sunt. (An. 
Ult. 724) 

A.D. 726. 

Nechtain mc Derili contrigit' ab p. Druist regem Cillenus 
longus Ab. le pausad. Dungal de regno ejectus ? 7 Druist 
de regno Pictor. jectus 7 Elphin p eo regnat. Eoch, rm 
Each regnare incipit. (Tigh.) 

Nectain Tnac DeirUe constringitur ap. Druist regem. (An. 
Ult. 725.) 


A.D. 721. 
Duncan beg king of Kintyre died. 

A.D. 722. 

Malruba died in Apercrossan in the eightieth year of his age, 
third month and nineteenth day, on the eleventh day before 
the kalends of May. Bili the son of Alpine, king of Al- 
cluth, died. Feidlimid held the primacy of lona. 

A.D. 723. 
Selbaigh, king of Dalriada, became a clergyman. 

A.D. 724. 

Faelchu the son of Dorbene, abbot of lona died. Cillenius 
the Long succeeded him in the primacy. Echtan, king of the 
Picts, became a clergyman. Drust reigned after him. 

A.D. 725. 

Sima the son of Drust is put in chains. 

Simul the son of Druis is put in chains. Congal the son of 
Maelanfaith brecc of Fortren, and Oan Prince [properly 
Bishop] of Ego, died. 

A.D. 726. 

Nechtan the son of Derili is put in chains by Drust the king. 
Cillenius the Long, abbot of lona, died. Dungal is expelled 
from his kingdom, and Drust is expelled from the kingdom 
of the Picts, and Elpiu reigns after him. Eoch the son 
of Each begins to reign. 


A.D. 727. 

Congressio Irroisfoichne, ubi quidam cedderunt den dibh 
AirgiaUaibh, inter Selbdcum et fatniliam Echdach nepotis 
DomhimiU, (An. Ult. 726.) 

A.D. 728. 

C(dh Monaigh craebi it Picardachaii) fein i. Aengua 7 Al- 
pi/ne iaaiat tuc in Oath 7 ro maebaigh I'ia n, AengiLS 7 ro 
marbhadh mc AUpin and, 7 ro gab Aengaa n. t Cath 
truadh it Picardachaibh ac Caislen Gredhi 7 ro maebaigh 
ar in Alpi/n cetna^ 7 ro b, adh a cricka 7 a daine de UUe 7 
ro gab Nechtain mc Derili Righi na Picardach. (Tigh.) 

Bellum Monidcroib inter Pictores invicem, ubi Aengu8 victor 
fuit, et multi ex parte EUpini regis perempti sunt. Bellum 
lacrimabile inter eosdem gestum est juxta castellum Credi 
ubi Elpinius effiigit. (An. Ult, 727.) 

A.D. 729. 

Tri I. long Piccardach do brisaidh irrois Cuiaaine aa bL cetna. 
Cath droma d, g blathmig it Piccardaihh i, Dmiat 7 
Aengua Ri na Piccardach 7 ro marbh Druat and in dara 
la deg do mi Aughniat. (Tigh.) 

Bellum Monitcamo juxta stagnum Loegdea inter hostem 
Nechtain et exercitum Aenguaa et exactores Necktain 
oeciderunt hoc est Biaceot ma/) Moneit et filius ejus, et 
Finguine Tnac Droatrain, Ferot mac Finguine et alii 
multi. Familia Aengtuaia triumphavit Bellum Dromor 
dergg Blatmig in regionibus Pictorum inter Oengua et 
Druiat regem Pictorum et cecidit Druat (An. Ult. 728.) 

A.D. 730. 

Bran filius Eugain et Sdbach Tnac Fercair mortui sunt In- 
terfectio filii Ginadon Commixtio Dunaid for Domhnaill 
me Murcado iculaib i. adaig noide Nephain I, vmlecho 
Senaic. (An. Ult. 729.) 


A.D. 727. 

A conflict at Irroisfoichne between Selbac and the family of 
Echdach the grandson of Donald^ where some from both 
the Airgialls were slain. 

A.D. 728. 

The battle of Monaigh Craebi between the Piccardach them- 
selves. Angus and Alpin fought that battle, and the vic- 
tory was with Angus, and the son of Alpin was slain there, 
and Angus took his power. An unfortunate battle between 
the Piccardach at the Castle of Credi, and the victory was 
against the same Alpin, and his territories and all his men 
were taken, and Nechtan the son of Derili obtained the 
kingdom of the Piccardach. 

The battle of Monidcroib between the Pictores themselves, Y\ 
when Angus was victorious, and many on the part of Elpin 
the king were slain. An unfortunate battle was fought 
between the same people, near the Castle of Credi, when 
Elpin fled. 

A.D. 729. 

Three ships of the Piccardach were wrecked this year on 
Irrois Cuissine. The battle of Drumderg Blathmig 
between the Piccardach, between Drust and Angus king 
of the Piccardach, and Drust was slain, on the twelfth 
day of the month of August. 

The battle of Monitcarno, near the marsh of Loegdea, be- 
tween the army of Nechtan and the army of Angus, and 
the oflScers of Nechtan were slain — viz. Bisceot the son of 
Moneit, and his son, and Finguine the son of Drostan, and 
Ferot the son of Finguine, and many others. The family 
of Angus were triumphant. The battle of Drumderg Blat- 
mig, in the territory of the Picts, between Angus and Drust 
the king of the Picts, and Drust was slain. 

A.D. 730. 

Bran the son of Eugan, and Selbac the son of Ferchar, 
died. The slaughter of the son of Kenneth. The conflict 
of Dunadd against Donald the son of Murcado. [The Tnean- 
vag of the IcSter part of this pcLssage is somewhat d^yuhtful^ 


AD. 731. 

Oath it Cruithniu 7 Dalriada c, murbulg ubi Cruithne 
devicti sunt Oath et mc Aetigusa 7 mc Conguaa brvdheua 
vicit Talorco fugiente. (Tigh.) 

Combustio Tiarpirt Boitter ap. Dungal. Bellum ittir 
Cruitne et Dalriati in Murouillgg ubi Cruitne devicti 
fuerunt. Bellum inter filium Aengu8a et filium Conguaa 
et Bruidevs vicit Talorc fugientem (An. XJlt. 730.) 

A-D. 732. 
Necktan mc DerUe m. (Tigh.) 

AD. 733. 

Dunged tyic Sdbaigh dormivit toiac a toraigh 7 toisc aile an 
mis c. enroigho corairg. Muuireadhach mc Ainbhcdlaigh 
regnum generis Loairn assumit. Flaithbertach classem 
Dalriada in Ib.niam duxit 7 ccedes magna facta est deis i 
insula hoie, ubi hi trucidantur viri. Concobar m/i LochUin 
7 Branin mc Brain 7 multi in flumine dimersi st dr in 
Banno. Eoch mc Each R, Dailriada 7 Conall 7nc Con- 
cobair m. 2 (Tigh.) 

Dungal mxtc Selbaich dehonoravit Toraic cum traxit Bru- 
deuTn ex ea et eadem vice insola Culrenrigi invasit. Mure- 
dacmacAimfceUach regnumgeneris Loaimd assumit (An. 
Ult. 732.) 

A.D. 734. 

Tolarg mc Congusa a brathavrfen dAa gabaU 7 tuc iUaimJi 
Tia Piccardach 7 ro baighed leosiden he, (Tigh.) 

TaUorgga/n tmlc Gonguaso a fratre suo victus est et traditur 
in manus Pictorum et cum illis in aqua dimersus est 
TaUorgan filius Drostain comprehensus alligatur juxta 
arcem Ollaig, Durdeitfin destruitur post vulnerationem 
Dungaile et in Hibemiam a potestate AenguMO fugatus 
est (An. Ult. 733.) 

Aengua m/iFergusa Rex Pictorum vastavit regiones Dailriata 


A.D. 731. 

Battle between the Cruithne and the Dalriads with the Mur- 
bulg, where the Cruithne were overthrown. Battle between 
the son of Angus and the son of Congus ; Brude conquered, 
and Talorco fled. ^ ^ , / , i 

The burning of Tiarpirt boitter by Dungal. Jc^^<^c<'. «- - ' ^ "^ 

A.D. 732. 
Nechtan the son of Derile died. 

A.D. 733. 

Dungal, the son of Selbaigh, died. The beginning of his 
expedition, and the beginning of another in tne same 
month in which he fell. 

Muredach, the son of Anbhcellach, acquired the kingdom of 
the tribe Lorn. Flaibhertach leads the fleet of the Dal- 
riads to Ireland, and a great slaughter was made of them in 
the island of Hoie, where these men were slain ; Concobar 
the son of Lochen, and Branin the son of Bran, and many, 
were drowned in the river of Bann. Eoch, the son of Each, 
king of Dalriada, and Conall the son of Concobar, died. 

Dungal, the son of Selbhac, desecrated Toraic when he drag- 
ged Brude out of it, and at the same time invaded the 
island of Culenrigi. Muredac the son of Ainfcellach took 
possession of the kingdom of the tribe Lorn. 

A^D. 734. 

Tolarg, the son of Congus, was seized by his own brother, 
and delivered into the hands of the Piccardach, and drowned 
by them. 

Tallorgan, the son of Congus, was conquered by his brother, 
and delivered by him into the hands of the Picts, and drown- 
ed by them. Talorgan, the son of Drostan, was taken and 
bound near the citadel_011aig. Dunleven destroyed after 
Dungal was wounded, and fled to Ireland from the power 
of Angus. 

Angus the son of Fergus, king of the Picts, laid waste the 


7 obtinuit Dunad 7 compulsit creich 7 duos filios Sdbaiche 
catenis alligavit .i Dongal 7 Feradach 7 paulo post Bru- 
deu8 mc Aengusa mc Fergusa obit. (Tign.) 

Oengua mc Fergusa rex Pictorum vastavit regiones Daih^icdai 
et obtinuit DuTiat et combussit creich et duos filios SelbJiaic 
A, DouTigal et Feradach catenis alligavit et paulo post Bru- 
deu8 mc Aengvsa filius Ferguao obiit. Bellum cnuicc covr- 
pri icalatros uc etar linndu inter Dalriatai et Fortren et 
Tallorggan mac Ferguso filiu m AinfceaUach fugientem cum 
exercitu persequitur, in qua congressione multi nobiles ceci- 
derunt. (An. Ult. 735.) 

A.D. 737. 

Failbe mc Ouaire, Mael eire bai eiria ,i. Apuorcroaain .i. p. 
fundo Pelagi dimersus 2 c. ss. nautis nuo xxii. (Tigh.) 

Failbe filius Ouaire. Mealmbi heres crosain in profundo pela^ 
dimersus est cum suis nautis numero xxii. (An. Ult. 736.) 

A.D. 739. 

Tolarcan mc Drostan Bex AthfoUa a bathadh la h. Aengua, 

Talorggan mc Drostain Rex AtfoiUe dimersus est in Laaengi, 
(An. Ult 738.) 

A.D. 741. 

Bellum Droma Eathraail inter cruitniu et DalrMifor Inn- 
rechtac. Percussio Balriati la Oengua mac Ferguao, 
(An. Ult. 740.) 

A.D. 749. 

Demersio familiae lea. (Tigh.) 

Combustio Gillemoire Aedain filii Aenguaa. Dimersio 
familie lae. (An. Ult. 748.) 

A.D. 750. 

Cath et Pictones 7 Britones it. 2 Tolargan mc Ferguaa 7 a 
brathair 7 ar Piccardach vmaille friaa. (Tigh.) 


territories of the Dajriads, and took Dunadd and drove 
away booty, and threw the two sons of Selbhac, Dongai and 
Feradach, into chains ; and a short time thereafter Brude 
the son of Angus, son of Fergus, died 

The battle of Knock Cairpre, at Calatros, on the shores of the 
Linne, between the Dahiads and Fortren ; and Talor^n, 
the son of Fergus, pursues with his army the son of Ainf- 
ceUach, who fled before him, in which conflict many nobles 
were slain. 

A.D. 737. 

Failbe the son of Guare, the successor of Malruba in Apur- 
crossan, was drowned in the open sea with all his sailors, 
to the number of twenty-two. 

A.D. 739. 

Tolarcan the son of Drostan, king of AthoU, drowned by 

Talorgan the son of Drostan, king of AthoU, was drdwned in 

AD. 741. 

The battle of Drum Ethmal, by the Cruthne and Dalriads, 
against Innrechtac. The dowufal of the Dalriads, by An- 
gus, the son of Fergus. 

A.D. 749. 
The death, by drowning, of the community of lona. 
The burning of Eilmore of Aedan, the son of Angus. 

A.D. 750. 

A battle between the Pictones and the Britons, viz. Tolargau, 
the son of Fergus, and his brother, and the slaughter of 
the Piccardach along with them. 



Bel. Cato h/ic inter Pictores et Brittones in quo cecidit TaZor- 
gan filius Fergussa frater Oenguaa. (An. Ult. 749.) 

A.D. 762. 

Mors Cille Droichtigh Ancoritoe lea, Cath a areith i t.ra 
circi Pictones i. vicem i q* cec. Bruidhi mc Madchon. 
Bass Cilline mc Congail in hi. (Tigh.) 

Mors CiUeine droctig Ancorite lea. Mors CUleni filii Con- 
gaile in hi. (An. Ult. 751.) 

A.D. 754. 
Sleibine Ab lea in Hib.niam venit. (Tigh.) 
Sliebne Abbas /ac in Hibemiam venit. (An. Ult. 753.) 

AD. 759. 
Aengus Ri, Albain m. (Tigh.) 

A.D. 761. 
Aengus mc Ferguaa R. Pictor. m. (Tigh.) 
Mors Aengu8a filii Fergusa Regis Pictorum. (An. Ult. 760.) 

AD. 763. 
Bruidhi R. Fortchern mor. 2 (Tigh.) 
Bruide rex Fortren moritur. (An. Ult. 762.) 

A.D. 766. 
^ibne Abbas las in Hibemiam venit. (An. Ult. 765.) 

A.D; 767. 
Quies Sleibeni lae. (An. Ult. 766.) 
Mors Sleibne Abbatis lae. (Inis. 754.) 

A.D. 768. 
Bel. i fortrimm, ittir Aedh ocus Cinaedh. (An. Ult. 767.) 


The battle of Cato hie, between the Pictores and the Britones, 
in which Talorgan, the son of Fergus and brother of An- 
gus, was slain. 

A.D. 752. 

The death of Cille droictigh, hermit of lona. Battle of Sreith, 
in the territory of the Oirei, between the Fictones them- 
selves, in which Brude, the son of Malcolm, was slain. The 
death of Cilline, the son of Congal, in lona. 

A.D. 754. 
Sleibine, abbot of lona, comes into Ireland. 

A.D. 759. 
Angus, king of Alban, died. 

A.D. 761. 
Angus, the son of Fergus, king of the Picts, died. 

A.D. 763. 
Brude, king of Fortchem or Fortren, died. 

A.D. 766. 
Suibne, abbot of lona, came to Ireland. 

A.D. 767. 
The death of Sleibene (abbot) of lona. 

A.D. 768. 
Battle in Fortren between Aed and Kenneth. 


A.D. 772. 

Mors Suibne Ab. lae, (An. Ult. 771.) 

A.D. 775. 
Mors Cmadhon regis Pictorum. (An. Ult. 774.) 

A.D. 778. 

Aed Finn mac Ecdach rex Dcdriati mortuus est (An. Ult. 


A.D. 780. 
Combustio Alocluade in Kal. Jan. (An. Ult. 779.) 

A.D. 781. 
Fergus mc Echach ri Dcdriati defunctus est. (An. Ult. 780.) 

A.D. 782. 

Dubtolargg rex Pictor. cit. monot 7 Muredac mac Huair- 
gaile equonimus lae perierunt BacaU Airtgaile mc 
Cathail r Conacht et perigrinatio ejus in sequenti anno ad 
insolam Joe. (An. Ult. 781.) 

A.D. 789. 

Bel. inter Pictos ubi ConaZl maxi Taidg victus est et evasit 7 
Conatantvm victor fiiit. (An. Ult. 788.) 

A.D. 792. 
Donncordn rex DaZriatai obiit. (An. Ult. 791.) 

A.D. 794. 

Yastatio omnium insolarum Britannia a gentibus. (An. Ult. 

Orcain lae CoU. chill, (Inis. 781.) 


A.D. 772. 

The death of Suibne, abbot of lona. 

A.D. 775. 
The death of Cinadon, king of the Picts. 

A.D. 778. 
Aedfinn, the son of Ecdach, king of Dalriada, died. 

A.D. 780. 
The burning of Alclutha on the kalends of January. 

A.D. 781. 
Fergus, the son of Ecdach, king of Dalriada, died. 

A.D. 782. 

Dubtolarg, king of the Picts on this side of the Mounth, and 
Muredac, the son of Huargail, stewart of lona, perished. 
Airtgaile, the son of Cathail, king of Connaught, assumes 
the pilgrim's staff, and his voyage in the following year to 
the island of lona 

A.D. 789. 

Battle between the Picts, where Conall the son of Taidg 
was conquered, and escaped, and Constantino was victori- 

A.D. 792. 

Donncorcin, king of Dalriada, died. 

A.D. 794. 
The ravaging of all the islands of Britain by the Gentiles. 

The ravaging of IcolmkiU. 


A.D. 798. 

Combustio Iivnse p.ricii ogentib 7 indreda Toara doaibh cene 
7 ir Erinn 7 Albain. (An. Ult. 797.) 

Insulae Ebudes et Ulidia vastatae a Danis. (Inis. 798.) 

A.D. 801. 

Breaal mac Regeni Ab. lae anno principatus sui xxxi dor. 
(An. Ult. 800.) 

A.D. 802. 
Hi Coluimbea cUle a gentib, comb. est. (An. Ult. 801.) 

A.D. 806. 
Familia lae occisa est a 'gentibus i. LX octo. (An. Ult. 805.) 

Ochtar is dafithchid do Tia Mannachaibh an Aoi choluim 
chiUe do rrJiarbhadh do LocJdannaibh. (Inis. 806.) 

A.D. 807. 

Jugulatio Gonail mc Taidg o Conaill mc Aedain i Cuvan- 
tire. (An. Ult. 806.) 

QvAn Gongail mc Thaidg Albain, (Inis. 794.) 

A.D. 814. 

Geall. Ab. lae finita constructione templi Cenindsa reliquit 
Principatum 7 Diarmicius Alumpniis Daigri pro eo ordi- 
natus est. (An. Ult. 813.) 

A.D. 819. 

Mors Aedha mc Neill juxta vadum duorum mirabilium in 
campo Conaille, (An. Ult. 818.) 

Mors Aeda mc Neill righ Tem^rachfor sluagud in Albain. 
(Inis. 806.) 

Aodh Oirdnidhe mc Neill frasaigh na Righ atteamhair da 
blaighain is fiche gur eag ag Athda ferta attir Connail, 
Acht abaraiddroTig do na SeancJiaihh gur accaitk Drama 
do torcradhe, (Inis. 797.) 


A.D.798. ^^\^'''' 

The burning of Inchgatrick by the Gentiles, and a plundering 
by sea made by them in Ireland and Alban. 

The Hebrides and Ulster laid waste by the Danes. 

A.D. 801. 

Bresal, the son of Regeni, abbot of lona, died in the thirty- 
first year of his primacy. 

A.D. 802. 
Icolumkill burnt by the Gentiles. 

A.D. 806. 

The community of lona slain by the Gentiles, to the number 
of sixty-eight 

Forty-eight of the Monks of Icolumkill slain by the Loch- 

A.D. 807. 

The slaughter of Conall, the son of Taidg, by Conall, the son 
of Aedan, in Kintyre. 

The slaughter of Conall, the son of Tadg, in Alban. 

A.D. 814. 

Cellach, abbot of lona, having finished the construction of the 
church of Cenindsa, resigned the primacy, and Diarmicius, 
the disciple of Daigri, was ordained in his place. 

A.D. 819. 

The death of Aed, the son of Neill, near the Ford of the Two 
Miracles, in Tirconall. 

The death of Aed, the son of Neill, king of Temora, while 
carrying on war in Alban. 

Aed Ordnidh, the son of Neill frossach, was king of Temora 
for twenty-two years, until he died at Athdaferda, in Tir- 
conall. But other Sennachies say that it was in the battle 
of the Drum that he was slain. 


A.D. 820. 
Constantin mac Fergusa rex Fortren moritur. (An. Ult. 819.) 
Mors Cusantin meic Fergusa righ Albain. (Inis. 807.) 

A.D. 825. 

Martre Blaimhic mc Flainn ogentib in Hi C6L CU. (An. 
Ult 824.) 

A.D. 829. 

Diarmait Ab. lae do d/ul in Alhain cominn^ib Col CU. (An. 
Ult. 828.) 

A.D. 831. 

Diarmait totiachtain m her commvnaib Col, CU. (An. Uli 

A.D. 834. 
Dengue mac Fergusa rex Fortrenn moritur. (An. Ult. 833.) 

A.D. 839. 

Bel re Genntibforjiru Fortren in quo Euganan mac Oefogusa 
7 Bran mac Oevgusa 7 Aed mac Boanta et alii innumera- 
biles ceciderunt. (An. Ult. 838.) 

The extracts from the Irish Annalists having now been brought down 
to the date of the Scottish conquest, under Kenneth MACikLPiN, A.D. 
843, will be concluded in a future number of the Collectanea. 


A.D. 820. 
Consiantine, son of Fergus, king of Fortren, died. 

Death of Constantine, son of Fergus, king of Alban. 

A.D. 825. 

The martyrdom of Blaimhic, son of Flan, by the Gentiles in 

A.D. 829. 

Diarmat, abbot of lona, went to Alban with the reliques of 
St Columba. 

A.D. 831. 
Diarmat came to Ireland with the reliques of St Columba* 

A.D. 834. 
Angus, son of Fergus, king of Fortren, died. 

A.D. 839- 

Battle by the Gentiles against the men of FortreUf in which 
Euganan, son of Angus, and Bran, son of Angus, and Aed, 
son of Boanta, and innumerable others, fell. 



A.D. 823. 

Galinne na m. Bretann exhausta est cum tota habitatione sua 
7 cum Oratorio o Feidlimidh. (An. ann. 822.) 

A.D. 849. 

Innrechtach ab. lae do tiachtain do cum nerenn comindaibh 
Col. Cil. (An. Ult. ad ann. 848.) 

A.D. 854. 

Heres Columbe cille sapiens optimus iv. Id. Mardi apud 
Saxones martirizatur. (An. Ult. ad ann. 853.) 

Indrechtach hua Finechta abbas lae hi mardochoid oc dul do 
Moim do Saxanu. (An. Inis. ad ann. 840.) 

A.D. 856. 

Cocadh mor ettir Gennti 7 Maelsechnaill con Gall goidhel 
Ids. (An. Ult. ad ann. 855.) 

A.D. 857. 

Roiniud ren Imar, 7 ren Amlaiph^ for Caittil find con Gall 
gaedhelhi tiribh Mumhain. (An. Ult. ad ann. 856.) 

A.D. 858. 

Cinaedh mac Alpin rex Pictorum mortuus est. (An. Ult. ad 
ann. 857.) 

Cinaed m, Alpin righ Albain. (An. Inis. ad ann. 844.) 

A.D. 862. 

Domhnall mac Ailpin rex Pictorum mortuus est. (An. Ult. 
ad ann. 861.) 

Mors Domhnaill mc Alpin righ Albain. (An. Inis. ad ann. 


IRISH ANNALS— Continued. 

A.D. 823. 

Galloway of the Britons laid waste, with all its dwellings and 
its church, by Feidlimidh. 

A.D. 849. 

Innrechtach, abbot of lona, came to Ireland with the reliques 
of St Columba. 

A.D. 854. 

The wise and excellent successor of St Columba put to death 
by the Saxons on the fourth day of the Ides of March. 

Innrechtach, grandson of Finechta, abbot of lona, put to 
death on his way to Rome by the Saxons. 

A.D. 856. 

A great battle between the Gentiles and Malsechnall, who 
had the Gallgael with him. 

A.D. 857. 

Victory by Ivar and Olave over Caittil the White, with his 
Gallgael, in the lands of Munster. 

A.D. 858. 
Kenneth, son of Alpin, king of the Picts, died. 

Kennet^, son of Alpin, king of Alban. 

A,D. 862. 
Donald, son of Alpin, king of the Picts, died. 

Death of Donald, son of Alpin, king of Alban. 


A.D. 865. 

Ceallach mac Aikllo^ abbas Cilledaro^ 7 abbas /a, dormivit 
in regione Pictorum. Tuathal mac Ariguso, primus epis- 
copus Fortren 7 abbas Duin Caillenrij dormivit. (An. Ult. 
ad ann. 864.) 

A.D. 866. 

Amlaiph 7 Auisle do dul i . Fortrenn^ congallaib er 7 Atbain^ 
7 con rinnriset Cruitintuait nuile, 7 con tugsat an giallo, 
(An. Ult. ad ann. 865.) 

A.D. 870. 

Obsessio Ailecluithe a Nordmannis d. Amlaiph 7 Imhar ii. 
reges Nordmannor. obsederunt Arcem ilium, 7 destruxerunt, 
in fine rv. mensium, Arcem, 7 predaverunt. (An. Ult. ad 
ann. 869.) 

Quies Feradaich abb. lae CoL C. (An. Inis. ad ann. 866.) 

A.D. 871- 

Amlaiph 7 Imhar dothuidhecht a frithisi du Athcliath a At- 
tain dibh cedaib long 7 preda maxima hominum Anglorum, 
et Britonum et Pictorum, deducta est secum ad Hibemiam 
in Captivitatem. (An. Ult. ad ann. 870.) 

Amhlaoimh og 7 lomhar do thioghacht arisi go h Aithcliath a 
h Albain. Da chead long lio, Creach mor daoine .t. Sax- 
uinn 7 Breathnachaibh do thabhairt go h Eirinn. (An. 
Inis. ad ann. 871.) 

A.D. 872. 

Artghay rex Britannorum Sratha CluadCf consilio Constan- 
tini filii Cinaedo occisus est. (An. Ult. ad ann. 871.) 

A.D. 873. 

Flaithbertach mac Murcertaigk Princeps Duincailldenj obiit. 
(An. Ult. ad ann. 872.) 

A.D. 875. 
Congressio Pictorum ^r Duhgallu 7 strages magna Pictorum 


A.D. 865. 

Ceallach, son of Ailello, abbot of Kildare and abbot of lona, 
died in the country of the Picts. Tuathal, son of Artguso, 
primate of Fortren and abbot of Dunkeld, died. 

A.D. 86«. 

Olave and Auisle went into Fortren with the Galls of Ireland 
ahd Alban, and laid waste all the Cruitintuait, and carried 
ojBf hostages. 

A.D. 870. 

Siege of Alclutha by the Northmen, that is, by Olave and 
Ivor, the two kings of the Northmen ; they besieged that 
citadel, and, after four months, destroyed the citadel and 

Death of Feradach, abbot of lona. 

A.D. 871. 

Olave and Ivor return to Dublin from Alban with two hun- 
dred ships and a great booty of men, Angles, Britons, and 
Picts, are brought along with them to Ireland into capti- 

Olave, the younff, and Ivor return to Dublin from Alban. 
Two hundred snips with them. A great booty of men, viz. 
Saxons and Britons, are brought to Ireland. 

A.D. 872. 

Artga, king of the Britons of Strathclyde, is slain by the ad- 
vice of Constantine, son of Kenneth. 

A.D. 873. 
Flaithbertach, son of Murcertaigh, prince of Dunkeld, dies. 

A.D. 875. 
Conflict between the Picts and the Dugalls^ and a great 


facta est. Oistin mac Amlaiph rex Nordmanorum, ab 
Albanensibus per dolum occisus est. (An. Ult. ad ann. 

A.D. 876. 

Constantin mac Cinaeday rex Pictorum moriit. (An. Ult. 
ad ann. 875.) 

A.D. 878. 
Aedh mac Cinadariy rex Pictorum, a sociis ss. occisus est. 

Serin CoL CiL 7 aminna olchena du thiachtain co cum ner 
for teich Th ria Gallaibh. (An. Ult. ad ann. 877.) 

A.D. 880. 

Feradach mac Cormaic abbas lae pausat. (An. Ult. ad ann. 

Quies Feradaich abb. lae CoL C (An. Inis. ad ann. 866.) 

A.D. 891. 
Ftann mac Maleduin abbas lae in pace quievit. 

Banscal rolai in muir an Albain cxcv do troigih in a fot^ 
aecht troigi dec in a trillsi^ vii troigifot me oir a Laimhe 
vii troigi Jot a srona, gi lithir geis uile hi. ( An. Ult. ad ann. 

Quies Faelain meic Maelduin abbatis lae Coluimb Cille. (An. 
Inis. ad ann. 877.) 

Banscall ra lae in Muir in Albain^ cxcv traigid in afot^ xvii 
fot a trilsi^ vi trogidfot a medir al lamha^ Ivi fot a srona 
gil in ages uli. (An. Buell. ad ann. 825.) 

A.D. 900. 

Domhnall mac Constantin ri Albain moritur. (An. Ult. ad 
ann. 899.) 

Mors Domhnail righ Albain. (An Inis. ad Jinn. 886.) 


slaughter of the Picts is made. Oistin, the son of Olave, 
king of the Northmen, is slain by the Albanenses by stra- 

A.D. 876. 

Constantine, son of Kenneth, king of the Picts, dies. 

A.D. 878. 

Aed, SOB of Kenneth, king of the Picts, is slain by his own 

The shrine of Columba is transferred to Ireland in refuge from 
the Galls. 

A.D. 880. 
Feradach, son of Cormac, abbot of lona, dies. 

A.D. 891. 
Flann, son of Maldun, abbot of lona, dies in peace. 

The fish Banscal thrown out of the sea of Alban. It was 
195 feet long, seventeen feet in circumference. Its paw 
was seven feet long. As likewise its nose and the whole 
was white as a swan. 

A.D. 900. 
Donald, son of Constantine, king of Alban, dies. 

Death of Donald, king of Alban. 


A,D. 904. 

Imhar ua h Imhar do marb la firu Fortrenuy 7 ar mar imbi. 
(An. Ult. ad anD. 903.) 

A.D. 913. 

Malmaire inghen Cinaeda mc Ailpin moritur. (An. Ult. ad 
ann. 912.) 

A.D. 918. 

Gaill locha Dachaech do deirgiu er .t. Ragnall ri Dubgall 7 
nm da larla .t* Ottir 7 Gragabai 7 sagaith do dib idrdn 
CO firu Alhain. Fir Alban dono aracenn som co comairnMar 
for brutine la Saxanu tuaiscert^ dogen sat in gennti cethrai 
catha dibhy .t. cath la Gothbrith uan Imair ; cath las na 
da larla ; cath las naoch Tigerna ; cath dano la Raghnall 
in Erolochf na na dacadar fir Alban. Roinis re feraib 
Alban for sna tri catha ad Cornicadar^ corolsat ar ndimar 
dina Genntib im Ottir 7 im Graggabai. Maghnall don do 
fhuabairt iarsuidin i lorg fhtm Alban corola ar dib, acht 
nadfarcabat ri na Mormoer disuidib. Nox p. lium dirimit. 
(An. Ult.adann. 917.) 

A.D. 927. 

Maelbrigda mac Tormain, Comharba Patraic, 7 Col. Cille 
felice senectute quievit. (An. Ult. ad ann. 926.) 

Quies Maelbrigte m Thomain abbatis Alrdmucha 7 abbatis 
ae CoL CiL (An. Inis. ad ann. 911.) 

A.D. 938. 

Dubtach Comharba CoL Cil. 7 Adomnain in pace quievit. 
(An. Ult. ad ann. 937.) 

A.D. 952. 

Ctistaniin mac Aeda ri Alhain mor. Cath for firu Albain 7 
Bretnu 7 Saxanu, ria Gallaib^ (An. Ult. ad ann. 95i.) 


A.D. 904. 

Ivor, the grandson of Ivor, slain by the men of Fortren, and 
great slaughter of his followers* 

A.D. 913. 
Malmaire, the daughter of Kenneth Maealpin, dies. 

A,D. 918. 

The Galls of Loch Dacaech expelled from Ireland — viz. 
Ranald, king of the Dugalls, and the two larls — viz. Ottir 
and Gragabai, and afterwards they invade the people of 
Alban. The men of Alban^ however, prepared, opposed 
themselves to them, and gave them battle, with the assist- 
anee of the Northern Saxons. The Gentiles divided 
themselves into four battalions. The first battalion under 
Gotbrith, grandson of Ivor; the second under the two 
larls ; the third under the young lords, and a very strong 
battalion under Ranald the leader, which, however, the men 
of Alban did not see. The men of Alban were victorious 
over the three battalions, which they saw, and made a great 
slaughter of the Gentiles who were with Ottir and Gra- 
gabai. Ranald, however, made an attack upon the men of 
Alban from behind, and slew many of them with great 
slaughter, but neither their king nor any of the Mormaors 
were slain. The night put an end to the battle. 

A.D. 927. 

Maolbride, the son of Torman, successor of Patric and of 
Columba, died at a good old age. 

Death of Maelbride, son of Thoman, abbot of Armagh, and 
abbot of lona. 

A.D. 938. 
Dubtach, successor of Columba and Adomnan, died in peace. 

A.D. 952. 

Constantine, son of Aeda, king of Alban, died. Battle against 
the men of Alban, the Britons and the Saxons by the Galls. 


A.D. 954. 

Maelcolatm mac Domhnaill ri Albain oc. e. Robartach Gmu- 
harba Col. CilL 7 A domnain in Xpo. pausauvit. (An. Ult. 
ad ann. 953.) 

A.D. 959. 
Duibduiny Comharba Col. C. (An. Ult. ad ann. 958.) 

A.D. 964. 

Dubscuile mac Cinaeda, Comhorba, Col. C. q. (An. Ult. 
ad ann. 963.) 

A.D. 965. 

Cath ettirfhiru Alban in Monetir, u. multi oc. s. im Donnch 
.1. Ab. Duincaillenn. (An. Ult. ad ann. 964.) 

A.D. 967. 

Dub mac Malcolaim ri Albain domarbh la A. Albanchufein. 
(An. Ult. ad ann. 966.) 

A.D. 971. 

Culen m^c Illuilb ri Albain domarbh do Bretnaib irroscatha. 
(An. Ult. ad ann. 970.) 

A.D. 976. 

Creach la Gilla colaim h. canandan. r. Ceneoill Conaill in 
uib Failge cor fagaib Fergal me Fogartaig r. Cairpre 
moire^ Cell. m. Findgaine, Cell. m. Baireda^ Dondead m. 
Morgaindj tri Mormair Alban andsin. (Tigh.) 

A.D. 977. 

Amlaim mac Illuilb r. Allnm domarbad la Cinaeth m. Mail^ 
colaim. (Tigh.) 

Amlaim mac a IluUb^ ri Alb. do marbh la Cinaet. mac n 
Domhnaill. (An. Ult. ad ann. 976.J 

A.D. 978. 
Fiachray Air. Ja. q. (An. Ult. ad ann. 977.) 


A.D. 954. 

Malcolm, son of Donald, king of Alban, slain. Robartach, 
successor of Columba and Adomnan, died in Christ. 

A.D. 959. 
Duibduin, successor of Columba. 

A.D. 964. 
Duibscuile, son of Kenneth, successor of Columba, died« 

A.D. 965. 

Battle between the men of Alban, in Monetir^ where many 
were slain with Duncan, abbot of Dunkeld. 

A.D. 967. 

Dub, son of Malcolm, king of Alban, slain by the Albanich 

A.D. 971. 

Culen, son of lUuilb, king of Alban, slain by the Britons in 

A.D. 976. 

Foray, by Gillacolum O Canandan, king of the Cenel Conall, 
in O'Failge, and Fergal, son of Fogartaig, king of Cair- 

?re mor. Cell, son of Findgaine, Cell, son of Baireda, 
)ondead, son of Morgaind, three Mormairs of Alban, were 
slain there. 

A.D. 977. 

Amlaim, son of Illuilb, king of Alban, slain by Kenneth, son 
of Malcolm. 

Amlaim, son of Iluilb, king of Alban, slain by Kenneth, son 
of Donald. 

A.D. 978. 
Fiachra Aircinnach of lona, died. 


A.D. 980, 

Mugron Comharba Coll. CilL ittir Er 7 Albain vitam felicem 
finivit. (An. Ult. ad ann. 979.) 

Quies Mugroin Comarba Coll. CilL (An. Inis. ad ann. 963.) 

A.D. 986. 

/ Col. C. do arcain do Danairaibhy aidhci n. otlac^ corom- 
arbsat in apaidy 7 xv viros^ do Sruithibh na Cille. (An. 
Ult. ad ann. 985.) 

Indred dan Coll. CilL do Gall. 7 na inse do Jasugad doib 7 
Eps. Joe domarbad doib. (An. Ult. ad ann. 968.) 

A.D. 987. 

Ar mor for sana Danaraibh ro oirg /, coromarbta tri xxy 7 
tri c. dibh. (An. Ult. ad ann. 986.) 

A.D. 989. 

Gqfiraig m. Araili fig indsi Gall do toitem la Dailriada. 

Gofraigh mac Arailt, ri insi Gall, domarbh in Dalriatai. 
Dunch. h. Robacan Comharba Col. CiL m. e. Dubdalethe 
Comharba Patraicc do gabhail Comharbain Col. c. a com- 
hairlefer n Er 1 Albain. (An. Ult. ad ann. 988.) 

Gofra mac Arailt righ inse Gall do thuitim le Dailriadha. 
(An. Inis.) 

A.D. 995. 
Cinaet m. Mael^olaim r. Albany a. ss. oc. 2. (Tigh.) 

Cinaed mac Maelcolaim ri Alban domarbh p. dolum. (An. 
Ult. ad ann. 994.) 

Bas Cinaeda m. Mailcholuimb ardri Albain. (An. Inis. ad 
ann. 977.) 

A.D. 996. 

Dubdalithe Comarba Col. Chille q. in Xpo. (An. Inis. ad 
ann. 978.) 


A.D. 980. 
Mugron, successor of Columba in Erin and Alban, died. 

Death of Mugron, successor of Columba. 

A.D. 986. 

lona ravaged by the Danes, on Christmas Eve, and they slew 
the abbot and fifteen of the Clergy of the Church. 

The fort of Columba laid waste by the Galls, and the islands 
ravaged by them, and the bishop of lona slain by them. 

A.D. 987. 

Great slaughter of the Danes, who ravaged lona, and three 
hundred and sixty of them were slain. 

A.D. 989. 

Gofraig, son of Aralt, king of Innsegall, slain by the Dal- 

Gofraig, son of Aralt, king of Innsegall, slain in Dalriada. 
Duncan O'Robacan, successor of Columba, died. Dub- 
daletha, successor of Patric, received the successorship of 
Columba, by the election of the men of Erin and Alban. 

A.D. 995. 

Kenneth, son of Malcolm, king of Alban, slain by his own 

Kenneth, son of Malcolm, king of Alban, slain by strata- 

Death of Kenneth, son of Malcolm, high king of Alban. 

A.D- 996. 
Dubdalethe, successor of Columba, died. 


A.D. 997. 

Cath et. Albanco itorcair Custantin m. Cuilindain r. Alban et 
alii mlti. (Tigh.) 

A.D. 998. 

Dubdallhe Comh. Pat 7 CoL CiL lxxxiii anno etatis sue, 
vitam in quinta Non. Junii finivit. (An. Ult. ad ann. 987.) 

A.D. 1004. 
Htui Arailt doec hi mum. (An. Inis. ad ann. 986.) 

A.D. 1005. 

Aed A. Flanacan Air. main CoL CiL liaghnall mac Gojraigh 
ri nan insiy Maelbrigda h. Rimeda abbas la in Xpo quie- 
verunt. Cath 7 ir firu Alban i mnetir^ itorcair ri Alban 
.i. Cinaed msic Duib. (An. Ult. ad ann. 1004.) 

Bas Baghnailt mc Godfra Righnan Innse. (An. Inis. ad 
ann. 1004.) 

A.D. 1006. 

Bel. 7 irfirii Albain 7 Saxanu coremaidfor Albanchu^ eo far- 
gabsat ar andeghdoine. (An. Ult. ad ann. 1005.) 

A.D. 1007. 

Muredhach mac Cricain do deirgiu Comarbus CoL C ardia. 
Ferdomnach i Comharbus CoL C, a Comairle/ern Er. isin 
oenach sin. (An. Ult. ad ann. 1006.) 

A.D. 1008. 

Ferdomhnach com. Cennannsa in Xpo dormivit. (An. Ult. 
ad ann. 1007.) 

Ferdomnach Comarba Coluim Cill. quievit. (An. Inis. ad 
ann. 990.) 


A.D. 997. 

Battle between the Albanich, in which Constantine, the son 
of Culindan, king of Alban, and many others, were slain. 

A.D. 998. 

Dubdalethe, successor of Patric and Columba, died on the 
fifth day before the nones of June, and in the eighty-third 
year of his age. 

A.D, 1004. 
The grandson of Aralt died in Munster. 

A.D. 1005. 

Aed O Flanacan, keeper of the treasure of Columba, Ranald, 
son of Gofraig, king of the Isles, Maelbrlgda O Rimeda, 
abbot of lona, died in Christ. Battle between the men of 
Alban in Monetir, Kenneth, son of Duib, king of Alban, 
was slain. 

Death of Ranald, son of Gofra, king of the Isles. 

A.D. 1006. 

Battle between the men of Alban and the Saxons, the Al- 
banich were overcome, and great slaughter made of their 

A.D. 1007. 

Muredach, son of Crican, resigns the successorship of Colum- 
ba for the service of God. 

Ferdomnach elected to the successorship of Columba at the 
counsel of the men of Erin. 

A.D. 1008. 
Ferdomnach, successor at Kells, died in Christ. 

Ferdomnach, successor of Columba, died. 


A.D. 1011. 

Muredach h. Crican^ com. CoL C. 7 Jer leighinn Ardmacha in 
Xpo. dormivit. (An. Ult. ad ann. 1010.) 

A.D. 1014. 

The celebrated battle of Cluantarf was fought between the 
Irish on the one hand, and a vast assemblage of Danes, 
including those of Britain, on the other. The Irish were 
victorious, but with the loss of their monarch, Brian 
Boroimhe. It is judged unnecessary to insert the long 
accounts of this battle contained in the annals, but merely 
to notice the part taken by persons connected with Scotland. 

On the part of the Danes, 

An trecLs sluagh le Gall na n oiUan urn Ltutdar larla Inse 
horc 7 um Bruadar taoiseach Danair 7 GaiU Innsecead 
7 MuTiainne 7 Sgilicc 7 Leodhasa 7 Cinntire 7 oirear 
Gaedhil 7 Coir Bhreathnaicc 7 Breathnaicc Cille mtdne 7 
Coir na liogog^ go na Rioghaibh uile. (An. Inis.) 

And there was slain, 

Sitrioc mc Luadar larla Inns A. Ore. (An. Inis. et Buellan 
et Ult.) 

On the part of the Irish, 

DomhnaU mc Emmi mc Cannaich^ Maer «t. Mormair in 

Albain. (An. Buellan.) 

DomhnaU ma^ Eimin mc Cainnigh Mormaer Mair in Albain. 
(An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1020. 

Findlaec mc Ruaidri Mormaer m. Croeb a. f. Is. fr. s. sui 
Maelbrigdi ocr. * (Tigh.) 

Finnloeeh mxic Ruadri riAlb. a. ss. o. e. (An. Ult.) 

A.D, 1025. 
Flanobra Com. Ja in Xpo quievit. (An. Ult.) 

A-D. 1027. 
Duncaillenn in Albain do uile lose. (An. Ult.) 


A,D. 1011. 

Muredach O Crican, successor of Columba^ and reader of 
Armagh, died in Christ. 

A.D. 1014. 

On the part of the Danes. 

The third battalion consisted of the Galls of the Isles, with ^vvf- ^'^' 
Luadar, Earl of Orkney, and Bruadar, leader of the 
Danes, and the Galls of Innsecead, and of Man, and Sky, 
and Lewis, and Kintvre, an3 the Ergadians, and the dis- 
trict Britons, and the Britons of Cillemuine, and of Cor na 
liogog, with all their kings. 

And there was slain, 
Sitrioc, son of Luadar, Earl of Orkney. 

On the part of the Irish, 

Donald, son of Emmi, son of Kenneth of Marr a Mormair in 

Donald, son of Emin, son of Kenneth Mormaer of Marr in 

A.D. 1020. 

Findlaec, son of Rory Mormaer of the sons of Croeb, slain by 
the sons of his brother Maelbrigde. 

Finlaech, son of Rory, king of Alban, slain by his own people. 

A.D. 1025. 
Flanobra, successor at lona, died in Christ. 

A.D. 1027. 
Dunkeld in Alban entirely burnt. 


A.D. 1029. 
Maelcolaim ml Maelbrigdi m. Ruadri r. Albari m. ^ (Tigb.) 

Malcolaim mac Maelbrigde m. Rtiaidhre m. e. (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1032. 

Gillacomgan mac Maelbrig mor Maer Murebe do hscadh co 
coecait do dhainibh imme. (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1033. 

M.mac Boete Cinaedha domarbh la Maelcobdm m. Cinaeda. 
(An. Ult.) 

Cormc mc Faelain Comarba meice Hit q. (An. Inis. ad ann. 

A.D. 1034. 

Maekdlaim m. Cinaeta r. Alpair ordan iartair Eorpa uile 
deg. Suibne m. Cinaeta r. Gallgedel m. (Tigb.) 

Maelcolum m. Cinaeda ri Alban mor. (An. Inis. ad ann. 

Maelcolaim m. Cinaeda ri Albain obiit. 

Mac Nia A. Uchtan fer Leighinn Cennansa do bath ac ti-- 
achtain a h Albain 7 cu lebaredh CoL C. 7 tri minna do 
mhinnaib Pat. 7 tricha fer impu. Suibhne mac Cinaeda 
ri Gall Gaedhel m. e, (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1040. 

Donchad m. Crinain Ardri Alban immatura etate a ss oc ^ 

Maelmuire h. Uchtan Com. Coll. Cill. i. Xpo d. 

Donnch. m. Crinan ri Alb a ss o. e. (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1045. 

Cat et. Albanco araenrian cur morb. and Crinan Ab. Duin- 
calland 7 socaige maillefr. .i. nae xx laec. (Tigb.) 

Cath 7. r Albancu etarru fein^ itorcair Cronan Abb. Duine- 
caillend. (An. Ult.) 


A.D. 1029. 
Malcolm, son of Maelbrigde, son of Rory, king of Alban, died* 

A.D, 1032. 

Gillacomgan, son of Maelbrig Mormaer of Moray, burnt with 
fifty of his men. 

A.D. 1033. 
M. son of Boete- Kenneth, slain by Malcolm, son of Kenneth. 

Cormac, son of Faelan, successor of the sons of lona, died. 

A.D. 1034. 

Malcolm, son of Kenneth, kine of Alban — of the whole of 
Wesfem Europe, died. Suione, son of Kenneth, king of 
the Gallgael, died. 

MacNia O'Uchtan, reader at Kelis, drowned while on his way 
to Alban, with the books of Coiumba and three of the re- 
liques of Patrick, and thirty of his men were drowned with 

A.D. 1040. 

Duncan, son of Crinan, supreme king of Alban, prematurely 
slain by his subjects. 

MalmOTe O^Uchtan, successor of Coiumba, died in Christ. 

A.D. 1045. 

Battle between the Albanich on both sides, in which Crinan, 
abbot of Dunkeld, was slain, and many with him, viz. nine 
times twenty heroes. 


A.D. 1054. 

Cat et Albanco 7 Saxanco .i. cartoit set moran do mUedaib. 

Cath 7 ir fhiru Alb, 7 Saxanu itorcradar tri mile doferaib 
Alb 7 mile colTh. do Saxan im Dolfinn m, Finntuir. (An* 

A.D. 1055. 

Cath et. Dubdaleite Comarba Patr. 7 Murcad h. Maels. 
Comarba Finden 7 Colcille^ a cosn. martraigi Co mebaig 
re Comarba Pair. 7 rem bacaill issu Co torcratar Hi an. 
Maelduin m Gilla odran esp. Alban 7 ordran Gaedel o 
cleircib i Xpo quievit. (Tigh.) 

Cath idir Dubhdaleithe Comharba Patraic 7 Murch. h. Ma^ 
oilseachlain Comharba Finein 7 Coloim Chille 7 um Mar- 
traigh, go meabhadh re Comharba Phadraig 7 re bachail 
Josa^ go ttorcradar He ann. (An. Inis.) 

Cath Martarthaighi ria Dubhdallhe Com, Pat. for m. Loing^ 
sigh h. Maelsechl. i. Com. Finnen 7 Col. C. du itarcradar 
Hi. (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1057. 

Robartach m. Ferdomhnach Com, Coll. c. i Dno. d. (An. 

A.D. 1058. 

JLulac r. Alban domarb. la Col, mc, Donchada p. dol. longes 
la m, r, Lochland con gaillaib indsi Oreo 7 ifidsi Gall 7 
Atacliath do gabail rigi Saxan^ S, no cor de onaig dia sin. 
Mc Betad mc Findlai ardri Alban domarb do Maeicolaim 
m. Dondcada. (Tigh.) 

Jjulach m. Gillcomgain Airdri Albain do marbh la Maelco^ 
laim m. Doncha i Cath. Macbeath m. Finnlaich Airdri 
Albain do marbh la Maelcol. mc Donncha % Cath. (An. 


A.D, 1054. 

Battle between the Albanich and the Saxons, in which many 
of the soldiers were slain. 

Battle between the tnen of Alban and the Saxons, in which 
were slain three thousand of the men of Alban, and fifteen 
hundred of the Saxons, along with Dolphinn, son of Finn- 
tuir. . 

A.D. 1055. 

Battle between Dubdaleite, successor of Patrick, and Murcad. 

' O Maels., successor of Finden and Columba, fighting for 
the reliques of the Martyrs, and the battle was gained by 
the successor of Patrick, and by the staff of Jesus, and many 
were slain there. Malduin, son of Gillaodran, Bishop of 
Alban, the giver of orders to the Clergy, died in Christ. 

The battle of the House of Martyrs by Dubdalethe, successor 
of Patrick, against Longsech O Melsechlan, successor of 
Finnen and of Columba, in which many were slain. 

A.D. 1057. 

Robartach, son of Ferdomnach, successor of Columba, died 
in the Lord. 

AD. 1058. 

Lulac, king of. Alban, slain by Malcolm, son of Duncan, by 
stratagem. Maritime expedition by the son of the king of 
Lochlan with the Galls of Orkney and Innse.Gall, and 
Dublin, to subject the kingdom of the Saxons, but God 
was against them in that affair. Macbeth, son of Finlay, 
supreme king of Alban, slain by Malcolm, son of Duncan. 

Lulach, son of Gillcomgan, supreme king of Alban, slain by 
Malcolm, son of Duncan, in battle. Macbeth, son of Fin* 
lay, supreme king of Alban, slain by Malcolm, son of Dun- 
can, in battle. 


a. MaiUoraig Oomarba Colaim CiUi q. (Tigh.) 

OiU. Crist h. Maeldor. Cam. Col. c. et. Er 7 Alb i Xpo. q. 

(An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1065. 

Dubiach j^Wannach prim Annchara Er 7 Albain in Ardma- 
cAtig. ' (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1070. 

Abbas la J. m. m« Baetan domarbh do m. Indab. h. Maeldor. 
(An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1072. 

Diarmuit m. Mailnambo r. Breatan 7 indsi Gall 7 AthacUat 
7 leiti moga nuadad domarb la Concobur h. Maels. a Cath 
odba 7 ardiairemte do Gall 7 do laig uime. (Tigh.) 

Diarmaid mc Maoilnatnbo Righ Laighean 7 Inaegall 7 Aith^ 
cUath domarbhadh ac Cath odhbha san Midhe le Concubhar 
h. Maoils. Righ Midhe 7 le Giolla Padraig h. Fearghail 
Righ for tuatha Laighean 7 m^oran do Laighnibh 7 do 
Ghattaibh maille riu. (An. Inis.) 

Diarmait m. Mailnambo ri Laing 7 Gall .i. imairt 7 tii Id. 
Febr. do tuitim i. Cath la Concobar A. MaeUechl. la Righ 
Temrach 7 ar Gall 7 Laing ime. Frainge do did in Alban 
CO tuc eat righ in Albain leo in etirecht. (An. Ult.) 

Diarmait mc Mailnambo ri Bretan 7 Inse Gall 7 AthacUath 
7 Lethimoganuadat do marbad 7 do coserad la Concub. u 
MaiUeechnaUl t. Cath Odba. (An. Buellan.) 

A.D. 1085. 

MaeUnectai m. Lulaigh ri Midreb suam vitam felidter finivit. 
Dom. m. Maelccluim ri Albain suam vitam infeUdter fini- 
vit. (An. Ult.) 


A.D. 1062. 

O Maldorag, saccessor of Columba^ died. 

GUclirist O Maeldor.5 successor of Columba in Erin and 
Alban^ died in Christ. 

A.D. 1065. 

Dubtach of Alban, chief Anchorite of Erin and Alban in Ard- 
magh, died. 

A.D. 1070. 

The abbot of lona, the grandson of Baetan, slain by Indab 
O Maldor. 

A.D. 1072. 

Diarmed, son of Malnembo, king of the Britons, and Innse- 
Gall, and Dublin, and the south half of Ireland, slain by 
Concobur O Malsechlan in the battle of Odba, and great 
slaughter made of the Galls and men of Leinster with him. 

Diarmed, son of Malnembo, king of Leinster, and Innse-Gall,* 
and Dublin, slain in the battle of Odba in Meath by Con« 
cobur O Melsechlan, king of Meath, and by Gillepatrick 
O Fergal, king of North Leinster, and many of the men of 
Leinster and of the Galls slain with him. 

Diarmed, son of Malnembo, king of Leinster, and of the Galls, 
on Wednesday, the seventh day before the Ides of February, 
fell in battle by Concobar O Melsechlan, king of Temora, 
and slaughter of Galls, and men of Leinster with him. The 
Franks enter Alban, and carry off the king of Alban with 
them as a hostage. 

Diarmed, son of Malnembo, king of the Britons, and of Innse-* 
Gall, and Dublin, and the south half of Ireland, slain in 
battle by Concobar O Melsechlan in the battle of Odba. 

A.D. 1085. 

Malsnectai, son of Lulach, king of Moray, died peacefully. 
Donald, son of Malcolm, king of Alban, died a violent 
death. • 


A.D. I09i. 

McLelcholmm m* Donchada ri Atbain 7 a mc domarhad do 
Rancaib a boegul chatka 7 Margareta .%• a ben doec da 
chumaid. (An. Inis. ^d ann. 1076.) 

Fothudh Ardepscop Albain m Xpo quievit. Maelcolaim m. , 
Donncha Airdri Albain 7 Ecbhard a mac do fnarbh do 
Francaibh. (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1094. 

Donch. m. Maelcolaim ri^lbain domarbh o braitibhfein.' A. o 
Domhnall 7 o Etmond p. dolum^ (An. Ult.) 

Dqnnchad m. Maikoluim ri Albain oc. e. o. DomhnaU m. 

M. D&mhnaill sin dan do gabail rige Albain iarsein, (An. 
Inis. ad ann. 1077.) 

A.D. 1095. 
Goffraig Meranach ri Gall m. e. (An. Ult.) 

Mortlaith mor for feraib h. Erend, con natalla a arim iH 
rotnarb do doinib. Ise in teidm. sin romarb Gobraith ri 
Athacliath 7 InseGalL (An. Inis. ad ann. 1078.) 

A.D. 1099. 

Donnch. m. m. Moenaig Ab. la. in pace pausavit. (An. 

A.D. 1105. 

I sin bliadin sin tucad in Camall quod est animal mirae mag- 
nitudinis o rig Albain do Murchertach u Briain* (An. 
Inis. ad ann. 1086.) 

A.D. 1106. 
Elgair Ri Albain m. e. (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1109. 

Aengus A. Donnalldn primh Annchara samhiha CoL CilL 
obiit. (An. Ult.) 


A.D. 1 093. 

Malcolm, son of Duncan, king of Alban, and his son^ slain by 
the Franks in battle, and Margaret, his wife, died of grief. 


Fothudb, archbishop of Alban, died in Christ. Malcolm, «on 
of Duncan, supreme king of Alban, and Ecbhard, . his son, 
slain b^ the Franks. 

A.D. 1094. 

Dunpan, son of Malcolm, king of Alban, slain by his own 
brothers, Donald and Edmund, by stratagem. 

Duncan, son of Malcolm, king of Alban, slain by Donald, 
son of Duncan. The son of that Doiiald took the kingdom 
of Alban after him. 

A.D. 1095. 
Goffraig Meranach, king of the Galls, died. 

A great mortality among the m^ n of Erin, in which multi- 
tudes perished. In this mortality died Godfrey, king of 
Dublin and Innsegall. 

A.D. 1099. 
Duncan, grandson of Moenag, abbot of lona, died in peace. 

< ■ 


A.D. 1105. 

In this year a camel, which is an animal of wonderful size, 
was presented by the king of Alban to Murcertac O' Brian. 

A.D. 1106. 
Edgar, king of Alban, died. 

A.D, 1109. 

Angus O'Donallan, chief Anchorite of the congregation of 
Columba, died. 


A.D. 1111. 

DomhnaU m. Taidg do dul fo dunaig t. tuasceri A« Erend 7 
€0 rogobrige InseGaU or egdn. (An. Inis-adann. 1094.) 

A.D. 1116. 

Ladmunn m. Dom h rigk Atban damarbh dofer* 

aibh Moraib. (An. Ult.) 

AJ>. 1124. 
Jlaxandair m. Madcoimm r. Alban in b. p. ra. e. (An. Ult.) 

A.D. 1130. 

Bellum 7 r. Jiru Alb* 7 feru Moreb u torcradar iv mile do 
feraibh Morebh im a righ u Oengus m. in Eluliughy mile v. 
o. d feraibh Alb^ i.fritghuin. (An. Ult.) 

Arfer JUurian in Albain. (An. Inis. ad ann. 11 13.) 

A.D. 1153. 

David mc Mailcolaim ri AWain 7 Bretain quievit. (An. 



A.D. 1111. 

Donald, son of Tadg, carried war into the north of Ireland, 
and acquired the kingdom of Innsegall by force. 

A.D. 1116. 
Ladmun, son of Donald . • • ., king of Alban, slain by the 

men of Moray. 

A.D. 1124. 

Alexander, son of Malcolm, king of Alban, died after abso- 

A.D. 1130. 

B^tle between the men of Alban and the men of Moray, in 
which four thousand of the Moravians were slain along 
with their king, Angus, the son of the daughter of Lulach ; 
a thousand of the men of Alban, however, were slain in 
that battle. 

Slaughter of the men of Moray, in Alban* 

A.D. 1153. 

David, son of Malcolm, king of Alban and of the Britons, 






SoMMERLED, the SOD of Gilbert, began to muse on the low con- 
dition and misfortune to which he and his father were reduced, 
and kept at. first very retired. In the meantime, AUin Mao- 
Vich Allin, coming with some forces to the land of Morverin 
for pillage and herships, intending to retire forthwith to Loch- 
aber, from whence he came. From this Allan descended the 
family of Lochiel. Sommerled thought now it was high time to 
make himself known for the defence of his country, if he could, 
or at least see the same, having no company for the time. There, 
was a young sprout out of a tree near the cave which grew in 
his age of infancy. He plucked it up by the root, and putting 
it on his shoulder, came near the people of Morverin, desired 
them to be of good courage and do as he did, and so by his 
persuasion, all of them having pulled a branch, and putting the 
same on their shoulder, went on encouraging each other. 

Godfrey Du had possession of the Isles of the north side of 
Ardnamurchan from the king of Denmark. Olay compelled the 
inhabitants of some of these Isles to infest Morverin by land- 
ing some forces there. The principal surnames in the coun- 
try were Maclnnes's and MacGilvrays, who are the same as 
the Maclnnes's. They being in sight of the enemy could act 
nothing without one to command them. At length they 
agreed to make the first person that should appear to them 
their general. Who came in the meantime but Soinmerled, 
with his bow, quiver, and sword ? Upon his appearance they 
raised a great shout of laughter. Sommerled enquiring the rea- 
son, they answered they were rejoiced at his appearance. They 
told him that they had agreed to make the first that would ap- 
pear their general. Sommerlid said he would undertake to head 
them, or serve as a man otherwise. But if they pitched upon 
him as their commander, they should swear to be obedient to 
his commands ; so, without any delay, they gave him an oath 
of obedience. There was a great hill betwixt them and the 
enemy, and Sommerled ordered his men to put off their coats, 
and put their shirts and full armour above their coats. So, mak- 
ing them go three times in a disguised manner about the hill, 


that they might seem more in number than they really were, at 
last he ordered them to engage the Danes, saying that some 
of them were on shore and the rest in their ships ; that those 
on shore would fight but faintly so near their ships. Withal he 
exhorted his soldiers to be of good courage, and to do as they 
would see him do, so they led on the charge. The first whom 
Sommerlid slew he ript up and took out his heart, desiring the 
rest to do the same, because that the Danes were no Christians. 
So the Danes were put to the flight ; many of them were lost 
in the sea endeavouring to gain their ships ; the lands of 
Mull and Morverin being freed at that time from their yoke 
and slavery. After this defeat given to the Danes, Sommerlid 
thought to recover Argyle from those who, contrary to right, 
had possessed it, being wrung out of the hands of his father 
unjustly by MacBeath, Donald Bain, and the Danes. 

It is strange that some of our writers should, through malice 
or want of information, make him ignobly born, and yet call 
him Thane of Argyle, which title was not given him by the 
then present king, but they understood he had it by right from 
his predecessors. Some of the Argathelians made resistance, 
but were defeated. Maephadin, by joining with Sommerled, 
was reconciled to him. In a short time he mastered Lorn, 
Argyle, Kintyre, and Knapdale ; most of the inhabitants, 
knowing these lands were his by right, as formerly belonging 
to and possessed by his predecessors. After this, Olay, sur- 
named the Red^ I^ii^g of Man, Isla, Mull, and Isles southward 
of the point of Ardnamurchan, came with his fleet to Loch 
Stornua in order to subdue all the Isles south and north, pre- 
tending his right from the king of Denmark, to whom the an- 
cient Danes north of Ardnamurchan refused allegiance ; and, 
- as Olay encamped at Loch Stornua, Sommerled came to 
the other side of the loch, and cried out, if Olay was there, 
and how he fared ? Olay replied, that he was well. Then said 
Somrmerled, I come from Sommerled, Thane of Argyle, who 
promises to assist you conditionally in your expedition, pro- 
vided you bestow your daughter on him. Olay answered, 
that he would not give him his daughter, and that he knew 
that he himself was the man ; but that he and his men should 
follow him in his expedition. So Sommerled resolved to 
follow Olay. There was at that time a foster brother of 
Olay's, one Maurice MacNeill, in Olay's company, who was a 
near friend of Sommerled; and when Sommerled brought his 
two galleys near the place where Olay's ship lay, this 
Maurice aforesaid came where he was, and said that he would 


find means by which he might come to set Olay's daughter. 
So, in the night time, he bored Olay's ship under water with 
many holes, and made a pin for each hole, overlaying them 
with tallow and butter. When they were up in the morning 
and set to sea, after passing the point of Ardnamurchan, O- 
lay's ship sjmmg a leak, casting tne tallow and butter out of 
the holes by the ship tossing on the waves, and beginning to 
sink, Olay and his men cried for help to Sommerled. Mau- 
rice replied, that Sommerled would not save him unless he be- 
stowed his daughter upon him. At last, Olay being in dan- 
ger of his life, confirmed by an oath that he would give his 
daughter to Sommerled, who received him immediately into hi» 
galley. Maurice went into Olay's galley, and fixed the pins 
in the holes which he had formerly prepared for them, ana by 
these means they landed in safety. From that time the posterity 
of Maurice are called Mad n tyres (or wright's sons) to this 
day. On this expedition Olay and Sommerled killed Mae- 
Lier, who possessed Strath within the Isle of Sky. They 
killed Godfrey Du, or the Black, by putting out his eyes, 
which was done by the hermit MacPoke, because God- 
frey Du had killed his father formerly. Olay, sumamed the 
Red, killed MacNicoU in North Uist likewise. Now Som- 
merled marrying Olay's daughter, and becoming great after 
Olay's death, which death, with the relation and circumstances 
thereof, if you be curious to know, you may get a long ac- 
count of it in Camden. Now, Sommerled being envied by 
the rest of the nobility of Scotland for his fortune and valour, 
king Malcolm being young, thought by all means his kingdom 
would suffer by the faction, ambition, and envy of his leading 
men, if Sommerled's increasing power would not be crushed. 
Therefore, they convened and sent an army to Argyle under 
the command of Gilchrist, Thane of Angus, who, harassing 
and ravaging the country wherever he came, desired Sommer- 
led to give up his right of Argyle or abandon the Isles. But 
Sommerled, making all the speed he could in raising his vas- 
sals and followers, went after them ; and, joining battle, they 
fought fiercely on both sides with great slaughter, till night 
parted them. Two thousand on Sommerled's »de, and seven 
thousand on Gilchrist's side, were slain in the field. Being wea- 
ried, they parted and marched off at the dawn of day, turning 
their backs to one another. After this, when the king came 
to manhood, the nobles were still in his ears, desiring him to sup- 
press the pride of Sommerled, hoping, if he should be crushed, 
they should or might get his estate to be divided among them- 


selves, and at least ^t him expelled the country. Sommer- 
led being informed hereof, resolved to lose all, or possess all, 
he had in the Highlands ; therefore, gathering together all his 
forces from the I^es and Continent, and shipping them for 
Clyde, he landed in Greenock* The king came wim his army 
to Glasgow in order to give battle to Sommerled, who marched 
up the south side of the Clyde, leaving his g^^ys at Green- 
ock. The king's party quartered at Renfrew. Those about 
him thought proper to send a message to Sommerled, the con- 
tents of which were, that the king would not molest Sommer- 
led for the Isles, which were properly his wife's right ; but, 
as for the lands of Argyle and Kintyre, he would have them 
restored to himself. Sommerled replied, that he had as good 
a right to the lands upon the continent as he had to the Isles ; 
yet these lands were unjustly possessed by the king Mac- 
beath and Donald Bain, and that he thought it did not be* 
come his majesty to hinder him from the recovery of his own 
rights, of which his predecessors were deprived by MacBeatb, 
out of revenge for standing in opposition to him after the mur- 
der of king Duncan. As to the Isles, he had an undoubted 
right to them, his predecessors being possessed of them by the 

S^ood will and consent of Eugenius the First, for obligations con- 
erred upon him : That, when his forefathers were dispossessed 
of them by the invasion of the Danes, they had no asdstance 
to defend or recover them from the Scotish king, and that he 
had his right of them from the Danes ; but, however, he would 
be assisting to the king in any other affairs, and would prove 
as loyal as any of his nearest friends, but, as long as he 
breathed, he would not condescend to resign any of his rights 
which he possessed to any ; that he was resolved to lose aU or 
keep all, and that he thought himself as worthy of his own as 
any about the king's court. The messenger returned with this 
answer to the king, whose party was not altogether bent upon 
joining battle with Sommerled, neither did the king look much 
after his ruin, but, as the most of kings are commonly led by 
their councillors, tibe king himself being young, they contrived 
Sommerled's death in another manner. There was a nephew 
of Sommerled's, Maurice MacNeill, his sister's son, who was 
bribed to destroy him. Sommerled lay encamped at the con- 
fluence of the river Pasley into Clyde. His nephew taking a 
little boat, went over the river, and having got private audi- 
ence of him, being suspected by none, stabbed him, and made 
his escape. 

The rest of Sommerled's men hearing the death and tragedy 


of tbeir leader and master, betook themselves to their galleys. 
The king coming to view the corpse, one of his followers, with 
his foot, did hit it. Maurice being present, said, that though he 
Iiad done the first thing most villanously and against his con- 
science, that he was unworthy and base so to do ; and withal 
drew his long Scian, stabbed himr, and esca[>ed by swimming over 
to the other side of the river, receiving his remission /rom the 
king thereafter, with the lands which were formerly promised 
him. The king sent a boat with the corpse of Sommerled to 
Icollumkill at his own charges. This is the report of twenty 
writers in Icollumkill, before Hector Boetius and Buchanan 
were born. These partial pickers of Scotish chronology and 
history never spoke a favourable word of the Highlanders, much 
less of the Islanders and Macdonalds, whose great power and 
fortune the rest of the nobility envied, because they judged best 
to comply with the humour of those who ruled the helm of the 
state, and men who knew nothing of their own descent, and care- 
less to know that of others. Buchanan, indeed, was a learned 
acute man, and very well read in foreign history, and the best 
of the Scotish writers, discoursed of their origin, exactly so, 
that if he was as learned in the first history as he was in other 
histories, he would do it better, and exceed all our historians. 
When the Earl of Murray was Regent, he had an aim to be 
Archbishop of St Andrews, and so wrote any thing to please 
the Regent's humour and the reformers of the time. When 
Morton was Regent, he did conform himself to him as he did 
formerly to Murray. When he was frustrated by Morton in his 
expectations, in revenge, he became afterwards instrumental in 
contriving his death and ruin, as of late some papers written by 
the then Captain of the Edinburgh Castle show the antipathy 
he had against him. He was still in hopes to be advanced to 
some great station when the king should come to his majesty, 
but being likewise disappointed of that, in revenge, he wrote 
his book, De Jure Regni apud Scotos. He never spoke any 
thing good of the king or of his mother, the queen, or of the 
Highlanders, much less of the Islanders. He knew very well 
that his last writings would not relish with Highlanders,^all- 
ing them all Fures et Latrones when he treats of them, when 
it is well known that he himself was a Highlander. Boetius 
did not write the sixth part of the actions done by the Scots 
since the beginning of king Fergus' reign, yet he relates that 
such and such kings went to suppress rebellion here and there, 
but makes no mention of the causes and pretences for these 
rebellions. He relates often that the king went to pacify re« 


1>ellion8 in the Islands, T?hereas, it is well known that the 
Islanders are as loyal and less injurious to their neighbours 
than any people in Scotland. 

Boetius knew very well, and so did Buchanan, that Som- 
merled was Thane of Argyle, which was one of the highest 
titles in those times, being equal to a prince, and yet they tell 
us he was ignobly bom, and of obscure parents, at the same 
time, that they knew full well that he was not created Thane 
by that king, but pursued for his rights, for there were eight or 
nine of Sommerleas predecessors who were Thanes of Argyle; 
so that the falsity of these writers may be easily discovered. 
This may be easily proven by several passas^es out of their 
own writings an/ tLir Ustories. SommerTed was a well 
tempered man, in body shapely, of a fair piercing eye, of 
middle stature, and quick discernment. He had Dugall,* a 
natural son, of whom are descended the Macdugalls of Lorn. 
He had, by Olay the Red's daughter, Sommerlea, Reginald or 
Ranald, and Olay ; he had Gillies by a woman of the Bissets, 
and had one only daughter called Beatrix, who was prioress of 
Icollumkill. Moreover, if Sommerled was descended of ob- 
scure parents, how could he immediately come to so great a 
fortune, as to get so many men and followers as those writers 
who defame him report he had ? 

After Sommerled, his son Sommerled succeeded him as 
Thane of Argyle. Reginald his brother, the Isles, Dugall, 
Lorn, and Gillies had Kintyre, by the disposition of their 
fi&ther. Sommerled pretended that the people of Cowal and 
Lennox harrayed his lands of their store and cattle, and 
therefore made incursions on them, of which they complained 
to the king. Furthermore, he would have the lands which 
were left by his father to his brethern at Jiis own disposal. 
The king sent the Earl of March with a considerable body of 
men against him, who was so favourable that he advised, at a 
private conference, that since he lost his affection for his 
brethern, by seizing on those lands which their father left 
them, he could not stand out against the king and them, and 
therefore that it was best he should go along with him, and he 
would procure for him the king's pardon and favour; so he 
did, and was pardoned by the king. Shortly thereafter he 
died, leaving two sons, John and Maolmory, who were both 
young. Of this John are descended MacEans of Ardna- \ 
murchan. He was buried at Icollumkill. Reginald his -- \ 
brother become tutor to John, and bad several bickerings with \ 

• See Note A, 



Dugall of Lorni his brother, about the Isles of Mull. Dugall^ 
after he had received the 700 merks lands west of Lorn, from 
the head of Lochleven, till you come to Asknish in A^yle- 
shire, resolved to have the Isles of Mull by force from Regi- 
nald, though he had no right thereto by his father's will, his 
other brethern having the Isles resigned to them by right of 
their mother; DougaU, being a natural son^ had no right to the 
Isles, but the good will of his father bestowed upon him the 
lands of Lorn. When John, Sommerled's son, and nephew to 
Reginald, passed the years of his minority, he desired his uncle 
Reginald to fiend a party with him to apprehend Muchdan- 
ach, who held thte lands of Moidart and Ardnamurchan, who 
always assisted Dugall against his uncle Reginald, for Dugall 
had most of his children by the Muchdanach's daughter. So 
John and Clement Clericus, so called being a scholar, killed 
the Muchdanach, but when they returned home, Reginald was 
very wroth with them for killing him. Although ne wished 
to have him apprehended, he did not desire to have him killed. 
John said he would ask no more of his father's but the lands of 
Ardnamurchan and Glassridh in Argyle, and 20 pound lands 
of Isla, which his uncle granted him. Reginald was married 
to MacRandel's daughter, or, as some say, to a sister of Thomas 
Randel Earl of Murray, for by her the Macdonalds challenged 
proper to themselves some lands in the Braes of Murray. He 
had by her Donald, he had Angus, of whom descended the 
Robertsons in Athol, and MacLulichs, who are now called in 
the low country PittuUichs. He had another son, John Maol, 
or ye Bald, who went for Ireland, of whom descended the 
^^ Macdonalds of Tii:epin. In the meantime, Reginald died in 

the 54 th year of his age, and was buried in IcoUumkill. Don- 
ald his son succeeded him in the Lordship of the Isles and 
Thaneship of Argyle. He married the daughter of Gillies, by 
whom he had Angus, Alexander, and Sommerled. He went 
to Denmark, and brought with him many of the ancient Dau^ 
of the Isles, namely, the Macduffies and Macnagills ; Mac- 
dougall his uncle went with him, where by his own rights and 
the peculiar rights he had for the Isles by Olay the Red's 
daughter, were renewed by Magnus King of Denmark. For 
until that time the Danes on the north side of Ardnamurchan 
held of the King of Denmark. Aft«6X: this he and his uncle 
Dugall became enemies, so that at last 'he was forced to kill 
Dugall. After this. King Alexanider sent Sir William Rol- 
lock as messenger to him to Kintyre, desiring to hold the Isles 

• Sic. 


of him, which he had now from the King of Denmark. Don- 
ald replied, that his predecessors had their rights of the Isles 
from the crown of Denmark, which were renewed by the pre- 
sent King thereof, and that he held the Isles of his Majesty 
of Deixmark, before he renounced his claim to his Majesty of 
Scotland. Sir William said, that the King might ^rant the 
superiority of the Isles to whom he pleased. Donald answer- 
ed to this, that Olay the Red, and Godfrey the Black's 
father, from whom he had the most of the Isles, had the Isles 
by their conquest, and not from the Kingpof Denmark or Scot- 
land. So that he and Sir William could not end the debate. 
In law or reasoning, Donald being advised by wicked council- 
lors, in the dawning of the day surprised Sir William and his 
men. Sir William with some of his men were killed. He 
banished Gillies out of the Isles to the glens in Ireland, where 
some of his offspring remain until this day. He killed Gillies' 
young son called Galium Alin. He brought the MacNeills 
from Lennox, to expel Gillies out of Kintyre. After this he 
went to Rome, bringing seven priests in nis company, to be 
reconciled to the Pope and church. These priests declaring 
his remorse of conscience for the evil deeds of his former life, 
the Pope asked if he was willing to endure any torment that 
the church was pleased to inflict upon him ? Donald replied, 
that he was willing should they please to burn him in a cald- 
ron of lead. The church seeing him so penitent, dispensed 
with him. Some writers affirm that he had his rights from the 
Pope of all the lands he possessed in Argyle, Kintyre, and the 
rest of the continent. After his return home, he built the 
Monastery of Sadell in Kintyre, dedicated to the honour of the 
Virgin Mary. He mortified 48 merks lands to that Monastery, 
and the Island of Heisker to the Nuns of lona. He died at 
Shippinage in the year 1289, and was buried at Icolumkill. 
He nad three sons, Angus, Alexander, and Sommerled. Angus 
was proclaimed Lord of the Isles with the consent and good- 
will of all the Highlanders. He was always a follower of 
King Robert Bruce in all his wars, assisting him with his men 
in recovering the Hold of Dundonald, and another castle in 
Carrick from the English. The King stayed with him half a 
yiar at Sadell in Kintyre, sent his galleys and men with him 
to Ireland, transported Edward Bruce very often to Ireland, 
and furnished him with necessaries for his expedition. But 
Alexander,* Angus' brother, who was called by the Scottish 
writers Thane of Argyle, having his lands in Knapdale and 

• See Note B. 


Aigyle, beinfi^ married to a daughter of Macdoup^all of Lorn, 
otherwise called John Baccach, or Lame, and living in Castle- 
Swin, would by no means own King Robertas quarrell, but 
fought always against him with Maccfougall, and likewise with 
Macdougall against his brother Angus, Lord of the Isles ; for 
the Macdouralls for a long time fought against the Macdon- 
alds, pretendin&r that the £land of Mull was left to Macdougall 
by Sommerled his father, which was by no means just, for 
TJougall was only a natural son of Sommerled, and not law- 
fullyl>egotten on Olay the Red's daughter, as his other breth* 
em were. At a time when Macdourall went to Isla, 
thinking to surprise Angus, Lord of tne Isles, he sent a 
spy before him to know where Angus then was. There was 
a countryman ploughing near the harbour, and the Lord of 
the Isles walked for his recreation after the plough. The spy 
knew him immediately. They asked him whither he was 
going, and whence he came? He answered, he was lately 
of Macdougall's followers, but that he was now seeking an- 
other master. Macdonald desired him to ask his master when 
he would see him, if the little black horse would overtake the 

freat red horse, for himself was black, and Macdougall red- 
aired. Macdougall bein^ informed of this by the spy, left 
the country that same night, but continued always to molest 
Macdonald and the family of Ardnamurchan, for Angus the 
son of Ranald was killed by an arrow at Dunelike, of whom 
descended the family of the Robertsons, and still bickered with 
them until the time of John Lord of the Isles. The reason 
why Macdougall opposed King Robert Bruce's interest was, 
because John of Lorn was nephew to Cummin, killed by King 
Robert at Dumfries. The King besieged Alexander, brother 
to Angus Lord of the Isles, very strictly at Castle-Swin, till 
he was obliged to surrender the castle. When he was taken, he 
w^ confined prisoner in the castle of Dundonald, where he 
died. They granted Castle-Swin and all his lands to his 
bro);her, Angus of the Isles, who went with five thousand men 
to assist Bruce against the English in the battle of Bannock- 
bum, wh^re he behaved himself most faithfully. The king, in 
return for his good services, bestowed on him Lochaber, after 
the forfeiture of the Cummins^ one of whom was Earl thereof 
It was by persuasion of Macdougall, the Cummins, and the 
rest of the Baliol faction, that MacPhaden fought against 
Wallace, being promised great lands and possessions by them. 
He went to Ireland, carrying bis extraction from the ancient 
Rurices, and brought from hence 1500 men, who with himself 
were all cut off at a place called Branch near Lochow. Their 


ancient arms were a star and arrow. This An^us of the Isles 
was a little black man, of a very amiable and cneerful disposi* 
tion, and more witty than any could take him to be by his 
countenance. He had three or four concubines, by whom he 
had children. The first, John of Ardnamurchan's daughter, by 
whom he had John, who came to Uist and married Macleod's 
daughter, by whom be had a son called Murdo. Of him de- 
scended the ancient branch of the Macdonalds called Shiol * 
Mhurchy or Murdos, descended from Murdo their progenitor. 
He had other three sons, called GilUCallum Allan, Sommerled 
the Fair, and Iver an Eanidh. He had a concubine, a daughter 
of MacMurich of Ardpun in Jura, by whom he had Alexan- 
der or Alister Durach, of whom are descended the Macalisters 
of Loup arid Tarbert, and the Macnabs, who derive their ex- 
traction from an Abbot of this name. He had another concu- 
bine, a daughter of John Gruamach Mackay, by whom he had 
a daughter, who was married to Duncan, first laird of Struan 
in Atnole. He had by the daughter of John, the mother of 
the first laird of Macintosh ; for a son of MacDuif, Thane of 
Fife, coming after manslaughter to shelter himself in Macdon- 
ald's house, got his daughter with child, went to Ireland with 
Edward Bruce, where he was killed ; by which means, Macin- 
tosh is of a natural descent, his progenitor being got in that ' 
manner. Macintosh in the ancient language signifies a 
Thane's son. The boy was brought up by Macdonald, who, 
in process of time, procured a competent estate for him in the 
Braes of Lochaber, and in the Braes of Murray. But he had 
Angus Ogg, his lawful son, by the daughter of Sir Colin 
Campbell, who succeeded him. He died at Kilcummin in Isia, 
anno 1300, and with the accustomed solemnity of his prede- q^^^-^t^ 
cessors, was buried at Icolumkill. In the minority of/ Ogg ^ ^ 
his son, Reginald,* or, as he was styled by the vulgar, Reynald 
^ Armin^sCthe Lord, did challenge Angus to be his tutor, and 

not only so, but that he was the son of the above mentioned ^ p 
John of Ardnamurchan, son of the second Sommerled, who i^rH-^ 
was the eldest son of the first Sommerled, and co^isequently by ^ 
right he should be the Lord of the Isles himself, whereas it S^vuit* *< '.f/ 
stood otherwise by his father's disposition. Isla and Mull r 
were allotted to Reginald ; to Sommerled was allotted Argyle l^"" ^^ 
* and Knapdale; to Gillies, Kintyre; besides, John resigned all Vt>£/^-- 
his right of the Isles to his cousin german, Donald aforesaid, ^ ' 

Lord of the Isles, when he supplied him with men to recover 
Ardnamurchan from the Muchdanachs; and besides, before 

• See Note C. 



this time, Donald, Lord of the Isles, procured his rights from 
the King of Denmark, Donald g^ranted him then the stew- 
artry of the Isles- This Reginald cleaved fast to King Ro- 
bert the Bruce, and David Bruce his son, with whom he was 
in great esteem. This Reginald was married to Macleod of 
Harris's daughter. Being intimate with King David, he pur* 
chased some of Macleod's rights from the King. Moreover, 
he took upon him the sole government of the Isles for nine 
years, and banished the sons of Alexander, Thane of Argyle, 
the son of Donald, Lord of the Isles, whom before we told 
died a captive in Dundonald. Hector, and his son Sommer- 
led, and Isaac, whom they aim at in pronouncing the word 
Scipio, of whom descended the Macdonalds in Connaught, 
Munster, and Leinster, to the number of nine septs, who pro- 
cured for themselves the being and estate of Squires, till they 
lost all in Queen Elizabeth's time. And John, sumamed the 
Bald, the son of the first Reginald, the brother of Donald, the 
Lord of the Isles, was forced to go likewise for Ireland, of 
whom are descended the Macdonalds of Tireoin. O'Neill 
gave him a portion of land called Crock-Conight then ; for 
other services he procured other lands, and the proportion 
of Clancairnice in the county of Armagh. This Reginald 
married a brother's son of his grandfather's to an heiress 
of the name of the Morrisons in the Lewis. At last, as 
King David was making up a great army to invade Eng- 
land, he and the Earl of Ross did quarrel about precedency 
at St Johnston. He was killed by the Earl of Ross, which 
was a great hinderance to that expedition. In the meantime, 
Angus Ogg, being yet a minor, who steps in uncalled for, but 
Duncan, the son of Angus, the son of the first Reginald, of 
whom descended the lairds of Struan, of this* Duncan de- 
scended the Robertsons, called by the ancient Scots Clan- 
Dunchi. This man ruled the Isles for three years at pleasure, 
but had no right thereto, his father being a natural son of the 
first Reginald. But Ewan Roy MacFin^on, gathering all 
those that were faithful to Angus Ogg, chased Duncan out 
of the Isles, and killed the rest of his followers. Duncan, 
after this defeat, betook himself to the Braes of Lochaber, 
and took on to serve the Prior of Killmanivais, a little priory 
dependent on Ardchattan. It happened one day as he and 
otner twelve men were keeping tne stores and cattle of the 
friars there, they fell a planning, and judged that one of their 
company deserved deatn. Upon this they made a gallows, 
hauled him up, but did not in reality intend to hang him. At 
that very time there came a wolfe near the sheep, which made 


Duncan and his followers to pursue him, until they killed him; 
but before they returned their companion was aead« Dun- 
can, for fear of the prior and the friars, durst not return home. 
He told the rest, that if they would be led by him, and obey 
his orders, he would procure a livelihood both for himself and 
them. Thus he became a great robber. At last he went to 
the Braes of Athole. There was living at that time there a 
laird of the name of Stewart, called Malcolm Roy, who had 
80 merks lands ; he had no childi^en, but one only daughter, 
and as Duncan and his men came above the town, a woman 
went up in search of some cattle, and as he perceived the 
woman, he desired the men to remain still where they were, 
and that he would meet the woman. He cast off all his 
clothes, and stark naked, (there being a small rivulet of water 
ane mire near to it,) he threw himself into the mire. When- 
ever the woman perceived him, she screamed aloud, desiring 
him for God's sake, if he was a man of this world, to tell what 
he was. He cautioned her not to be afraid, that he would do 
her no harm, that his residence was there always, and that his 
name was Gurisglich; and that she should go to Malcolm 
Stewart, and tell him that such a man had met her, who de- 
sired Malcolm Stewart to bestow his daughter on him^ who 
would come in at the last part of mass, (there being mass to 
be in three days,) with twelve men, which, if he did not, he 
would never prosper. On the mass day, who comes in but 
Duncan, with his twelve men at his heels, whom Malcolm 
stedfastly beholding, desired that he should remain with him 
that night. The matter was at last made up between Duncan 
and Malcolm's daughter. After this, there was great com- 
plaints made of Duncan's robbery to the king. Duncan put 
on a woman's habit, and a great broach in his breast, alleging 
that he himself was Duncan s mother ; and so went to Stirling 
to intercede for Duncan, whom the king pardoned condition- 
ally, he should get bail for his good behaviour thereafter. He 
said he would be cautioner for him, and make him reform his 
life. When he procured the king's pardon, he made himself 
known, and told that he himself was the man which raised 
laughter against the king and court. At another time. King 
Robert the Second being on a journey, accompanied only by 
one gentleman, (as often his manner was,) he was apprehend- 
ed by these Robertsons, who brought him to Lochtamer, and 
though they knew him well to be the king, they did not make 
it known. They bad beef, of which they cut some steaks, 
and when they roasted them on the coals, welcomed the king 


beartily to eat, who had not a great appetite to eat of their 
dressing, and asked if they always used such diet ? They re- 
plied, they had no better* On the morrow, the king wa$( 
willing to go to St Johnston, but they begged his pardon, and 
said they did not know him to be the King, yet now they 
would convey him to St Johnston, and would prove a safe- 
guard and defence for his person. The king bestowed 100 
merks land upon them. Duncan died at Strathallan, and was 
buried in Weems. After this, the Robertsons advanced in 
their fortunes, for it was they that apprehended the Earl of 
AthoU after murderingKing James the First. The Laird of 
Struan is truly chief. The Lairds of Lude, Strathloch, Killkur, 
&c. are the descendants of the second marriage by Macdonald's 
daughter. Angus Ogg, after he had chased Duncan from the 
Isles, was proclaimed Lord of the Isles, and Thane of Argyle 
and Lochaber, being then 22 years of age. He was at his 
first entry upon his possessions much opposed by MacDougail 
Lorn, on account of the Island of Mull, to which he pretended 
right. He married Margaret, daughter of Guy O'Kaine in 
Ireland. She was the mother of Brian Balloch O'Neill, of 
whom descended the O'Neals of both the Clan Buys. The 
portion or tocher he had by her was seven score men out of 
every surname under O'Kain, viz. the Munroes, so called, be- 
cause they came from the Innermost Roe-water in the county 
of Derry, their names being formerly O'Millans, the Roses of 
Killraack, the Faims, Dingwalls, Glasses, Beatons, so now 
'called, but improperly, that being a French name, whereas 
they are Irish, of the tribe of O'Neals, and took the name first 
from following the name of Beda. Our Highland shenakies 
say that Balfour Blebo, and these Beatons that came from 
France, went formerly from Ireland, but for this they have no 
grounds to go upon. The Macphersons, who are not the 
same with the Macphersons of Badenoch, but are of the 
O'Docharties in Ireland ; the Bulikes in Caithness, of whom is 
the Laird of Tolingail, and many other surnames, which, for 
brevity, we pass over, many of whom had no succession. Now, 
Angus Ogg being at Ardhorinish in Morvein, in the time of 

Lent, Macdougall sent the two sons of Gillian in message to 
him. To know of these, viz. the sons of Gillian, I will tell you 
from whence they came, viz. John of Lorn, commonly called 
John Baccach, went off to harry Carrick in Galloway, the 
property of Robert Bruce, afterwards King Robert, and there 
meeting with one Gillian by name, son of Gilleusa, son of 
John, son of Gilleusa-More, he came to John Baccach in Lorn 
in quest of better fortune. Macdougall gave him a spot of 


land in the Isle of Sael, called Bealachuain. He had three sons. 
Hector, of whom descended the fitmily of Lochbuy, aiid was 
the oldest ; Lachlin, whom descended the family Duairt, and 
the rest of the name ; and a natural son, John, of whom others 
of the name descended. Now, in the Scots language, they 
were called Maclean, irom that Gillian that made the first for- 
tune there ; but the ancient Scots called them Mac Gillian. 
The two sons of Gillian, as related above, were sent ambassa- 
dors to Macdonald at Ardhorinish, where, at the time, he held 
his Lent, as the custom of the time then was. They, s^ter land- 
ing, had some conference with Macdonald about the Isle of 
Mull. Macdonald denying any of his proper right of lands to 
Mac, desired MacFinnon, who was master of his household, 
to use the gentlemen kindly, and to cause them dine alone. 
MacFinnon caused set before them bread and gruthim, con- 
sisting of butter and curds mixed together, which is made in 
harvest, and preserved until time of Lent. The ^uthim was 
so brittle, that it was not easily taken up with their long knives. 
Macdonald, coming up at the same time, and perceiving the 
men at meat in that posture, desired to give them some other 
sort of meat. MacFinnon replied, that if they could not eat 
that meat as it was, they should put on the nabs of hens, with 
wliich they might gather it up easily ; which reproachful an- 
swer touched the sons of Gillian nearly. Macdonald being 
that same day to cross the Sound of Mull to Aros, to solem- 
nise the festival of Pasch there, he took a small boat for him- 
self, leaving MacFinnon behind with his great galley and car- 
riage, and the rest of his men. When MacFinnon went to the 
shore, to follow Macdonald, the sons of Gillian taking the op- 
portunity of revenge, and calling MacFinnon aside, stabbed 
nim, and straight with his galley and their own men followed 
Macdonald across the Sound, who was not aware of themi 
thinkinfi^ it was MacFinnon with his own galley that followed 
him, till they leaped into the boat wherein he wasi, and after 
apprehending him, made him prisoner, and brought him to 
Dunstafnage in Lorn. They remained without. Macdougall 
being, in the meantime, at dinner, who, hearing of their arrival, 
and that Macdonald was prisoner with them, said he was glad 
Ma.cdonald was safe, and was very well pleased to have nim 
his prisoner ; but that Gillian's children were very bold in their 
attempt, and that he would through time bridle their forward- 
ness and insolence. There was a young son of Macdougall's 
hearing what his father had said : This boy, fostered by Gil- 
lian, and his son, coming out to meet them, told what his fa- 


ther said of tbem. They being perplexed, and musing what to do 
in this so precarious an affair, tnougfatbest to have their recourse 
to Macdonald, and told him that all men knew that they were 
of no power or capacity to apprehend him, but by accident, as 
it fell out; and seeing it was so, that he knew if he pleased to 
do them any good, and forgive them their former crime, he was 
more in power than their former master ; that they would join 
with him, go along with him, and deliver him from the present 
danger. So, taking Macdonald to his own galley again, Mac- 
dougall neither seeing him or them, they went for Mull, taking 
the Lord of the Isles upon his word, as they might. For he gave 
fourscore merkslands to Hectorthe oldest brother, and to Lauch- 
lane the youngest he gave the chamberlainship of his house, 
and made MacFinnon thereafter marshall of his army. Now, 
these made up the surname of Maclean, for they never had a 
rigg of land but what they received from Macdonald ; to the 
contrary of which I defy them, or any other, to produce any 
argument ; yet they were very thankful for the good done them 
afterwards. When the Macdonalds were in adversity, which 
happened by their own folly, they became their mortal ene- 
mies, as may be seen in the sequel of this history. Angus 
Ogg of the Isles was a personable, modest man, affable, and 
not dissaffected either to king or state. He created Macguire 
or Macquarry a Thane. He had a natural son, John, by 
Dougall MacHenry's daughter, she being her father's only 
child. This John by his mother enjoyed the lands of Glen- 
coe, of whom descended the race of the Macdonalds. He had 
his legitimate son John, who succeeded him, by O'Kain's 
daughter. He had not many children that came to age. He 
had a daughter married to MacLean, and that by her inclina- 
tion of yielding. Angus died at Isla, and was interred at 
Icolumbkill. I thought fit to annex the ceremony of pro* 
claiming the Lord of the Isles. At this the Bishop of Ar- 
gyle, the Bishop of the Isles, and seven priests, were some- 
times present ; but a Bishop was always present, with the chief- 
tains of all the principal families, and a Ruler of the Isles, 
There was a square stone, seven or eight feet long, and the 
tract of a man's foot cut thereon, upon which he stood, de- 
noting that he should walk in the footsteps and uprightness of 
his predecessors, and that he was installed by right in his pos- 
sessions. He was clothed in a white habit, to shew his innocence 
and integrity of heart, that he would be a light to his people, and 
maintain the true religion. The white apparel did afterwards 
belong to the poet by right. Then he was to receive a white 


rod in bis hand, intimating that he had power to rule, not with 
tyranny and partiality, but with discretion and sincerity. 
Then he received his forefathers' sword, or some other sword, 
signifying that his duty was to protect and defend them from 
the incursions of their enemies in peace or war, as the obliga^ 
tions and customs of his predecessors were. The ceremony 
being over, mass was said after the blessing of the bishop and 
seven priests, the people pouring their prayer for the success 
and prosperity of their new created Lord. When they were 
dismissed, the Lord of the Isles feasted them for a week there- 
after ; gave liberally to the monks, poets, bards, and musicians. 
You may judge that they spent liberally without any excep- 
tion of persons. The constitution or government of the Isles 
was thus : Macdonald had his council at Island Finlaggan, in 
Isla, to the number of sixteen, viz. four Thanes, four Armins, 
that is to say, Lords Or sub-Thanes, four Bastards, (i. e.) 
Squires, or men of competent estates, who could not come up 
with Armins or Thanes, that is, freeholders, or men that had 
their lands in factory,* as Macgee of the Rinds of Isla, Mao- 
NicoU in Portree in Sky, and MacEachem, Mackay, and Mac- 
Gillevray in Mull, Macillemhaoel or MacMillan, &c. There 
was a table of stone where this council sat in the Isle of Fin- 
laggan ; the which table, with the stone on which Macdonald 
sat, were carried away by Argyle with the bells that were at 
Icolumkill. Moreover, there was a judge in every Isle for 
the discussion of all controversies, who bad lands from Mac- 
donald for their trouble, and likewise the eleventh part of every 
action decided. But there might still be an appeal to the 
Council of the Isles. MacFinnon was obliged to see weights 
and measures adjusted ; and MacDuffie, or MacPhie of Co- 
lonsay, kept the records of the Isles. John, Lord of the Isles, 
was at peace with the king always, and had a strong party bf 
standing forces, under the command of Hector More Macil- 
lechoan, for defending Lochaber and the frontiers of the coun- 
try from robbery and incursions of the rest of the Scots. He 
cohabited for nine or ten years with a concubine, a gentle- 
woman of the Macdougalls of Lorn, Algive by name, daughter 
of Allan, son of Roderick Macdougall. He had by her three 
sons and a daughter, viz. Godfrey, Reginald, and Marius, the 
last of whom was drowned in his youth going for Ireland. 
Of Godfrey descended a branch of the Macdonalds in North 
Uist, called Shiol Ghiorry, or Godfrey's offspring. He had 
from his father a large portion of land, as North Uist, Benbi- 

• See Note D. 


cula, the one half of Soath Uist, Boysdale, Canna, Slate, and 
Knoydart. It was he ^ve Boisdale to MacNeill of Barra; 
and gifted Hirta or St Kilda to the Laird of Harris. He was 
very liberal, but his offsprine were very unfortunate and lost 
all. He died a year after his father's death. To Reginald, 
of whom the family of Mudart descended, his father sdlotted 
the rest of Soutn Uist, Egg, Rum, Mudart, Moror, and 
Arisaig. This gentlewoman that was their mother, being a 
good virtuous woman, procured to her children from their fa- 
ther their proportion and estates before he married. She built 
the Trinity church at Carinish in North Uist. This John of 
the Isles mortified much land to the church in his time, and 
enriched the family church with several priviledges. Algive 
likewise built the castle of Borve in Benbicula, and castle Tir- 
rim in Mudart. She built the parish church of St Columb 
in Benbicula, and the little oratory in Grimsay, all at the ex- 

?ense of John of the Isles, who mortified eight merk lands in 
forth Uist to the church, two farms in Benbicula. At last 
he abandoned Algive, by the consent of his council and fa^ 
miliar friends, particularly by the advice of Maclnnes of Ar- 

Smr, who, being his foster father, advised him to take to wife 
e king's daughter. So declining Algive, who cursed Mac- 
lnnes for his advice to his foster father's son, the marriage 
went on, for he married Lady Margaret Stewart, daughter to 
King Robert II., Sir Adam Moor's daughter being her mo- 
ther. When John of the Isles was to be married, some of his 
followers and familiars advised him to behave courteously be- 
fore the king, and to uncover himself as others did. He ssud 
he did not well know how the king should be reverenced, for all 
the men he ever saw should reverence himself; and with that 
threw away his cape, saying he would wear none. At different 
times he had the rights of Lochaber, and Morveim, Mudort, 
and Knoydort, from the king his father-in^^law. Algive there-* 
after lived a solitary life, but was the ruin of Maclnnes of 
Argour. John had by the King's daughter Donald, who 
succeeded him ; John More, of whom descended the Macdonalds 
of Kintyre, Antrim, and Sanay, Leargy, and Isla. He had 
Alister Carrick, of whom descended Keppoeh and the Mac- 
donalds in the Braes of Lochaber, which I hold to be the third 
noblest branch of the Macdonalds in order of their descent, as 
being legitimately begotten before the rest. John had a 
daughter by Lady Margaret Stewart married to Montgomery 
of Eglinton, who had Macdonald's arms in their house for a 
long time ; till of late years a countess in the family removed 
the bloody hand out of the arms, because it held a cross ; she 


being a rigid Presbyterian. John had another daughter by 
Algive, Who was married to Kenneth Achiencb Mackenzie, 
so called being nourished on a spot of land of that name near 
th^ head of Lochaw. John of the Isles went two different 
times to see if he could make Brian Ballach O'Neill (his bro- 
ther by the mother) O'Neal, which he could not carry on. 
He created many thanes in his time, for the Lords of the Isles 
created thanes and sub-thanes at pleasure. He contracted a 
severe flux at Ars^oar, a little before his death. By means of 
Aldve and her cEildi^n some indecent language wis reported 
of Maclnnes; as, that when he came to the Lord of the Isles, 
the house in which he lay did not smell well ; and one near 
hand said there was a hound lying there ; and that Maclnnes 
said any company would be the better of a dog ; and this was 
done by Algive and her children, because Maclnnes was the 
most forward in advising John of the Isles from marrying her. 
Forthwith Donald Maclean, son of Lauchlane, had commission 
to kill Maclnnes, which accordingly he did ; and having also 
killed his five sons, got himself possessed of Ardgoar, which 
his posterity enjoy to this day. The Lord of the Isles was 
carried while yet alive to Ardhorinish, where he died the third 
night thereafter, in the 55th year of his age, and was interred 
at Icolumkill. In the minority of Donald, Godfrey, eldest 
son of John by Algive, died the year after his father, and Re- 
ginald, the second son by Algive, became tutor both to Don- 
ald and to Godfrey's children, for the space of nine or ten 
years. The children of Algive were possessed of their patri- 
mony during their father's lifetime. The children legitimately 
begotten by the king's daughter were left to the disposal of 
their eldest brother Donald. Godfrey left four sons, Ronald, 
John, Angus, and Archibald, but none of them ever enjoyed 
their father's patrimony ; for Ronald, their uncle, took hold of 
all their share of South Uist to himself, with the Isle of Canna, 
in time of his tutelage, they being young, and not come to any 
years of perfection. Ranald, their uncle, married the daughter 
of Duncan Stewart of Lennox. He had children by her, Allan, 
of whom descended the families of Mudort and Morar, and 
Donald, of whom the family of Glengarry descended, John, 
and Angus Beusich, and another called Donald. He gave 
over the tutory to Donald, his brother, in Egg. He died at 
Castle Tirrim, and was buried at Icolumkill. Donald began 
to govern the Isles, Argyle, Kintyre, and Lochaber. He 
married Margaret Lesly, daughter of William Lesly, Earl 
of Ross, who had no children except her and a son called 


Alexanden This Alexander was married to tbe Duke (^ 
Albany's daug^hter, left no issue but one daughter named 
£upheme. She being very young, the governor, her grand- 
father, took her to his own family, and having brought her up, 
they persuaded her by flattery and threats to resign her rights of 
the earldom of Ross to John, his second son. Earl of Buchan, 
as it was g^ven out, and that much against her will. But 
others were of opinion she did not resign her rights ; but there- 
after she was bereaved of- her life, as most men thought by 
the contrivance of the governor. Donald, Lord of the Isles, 
claimed right to the Earldom of Ross, but could get no other 
hearing from the governor but lofty menacing answers ; nei* 
ther could he get a sight of the rights which the Lady Eupheme 
gave to his son John. The governor thought that his own 
sway and strength could carry every thing according to his 

Eleasure in the kingdom, still hoping for the crown, the true 
eir thereof (James I., nephew to the Duke of Albany) being 
prisoner in England. He likewise was at enmity with the Lord 
of the Isles, because Sir Adam Moor's daughter was his grand- 
mother, knoi^ing right well that he would own the true heir's 
cause against him. The Lord of the Isles told the governor 
he would either lose all he had or gain the Earldom of Ross, 
to which he had such a good title. The Duke replied, he wished 
Donald would be so forward as stick to what be said. Don- 
ald immediately raised the best of his men, to the number of 
10,000, and chose out of them 6600, turning the rest of them to 
their homes. They thought first they would fight near to Inver- 
ness, but, because the duke and his army came not, Donald's 
army marched through Murray, and over the Spey. The 
governor, Alexander Stewart, Earl of Murray, and John 
Stewart, Earl of Buchan, the governor's son, having gathered 
an army of 9700 men, desired the Lord of the Isles to stay, 
and that they would meet them near Inverness and give him 
battle ; but he would not leave his own men foraging in his own 
country of Ross. Therefore he marched forward, resolving to 
take his hazard near their doors, assuring himself of victory. 
Huntly, who was Macdonald's friend, sent him a private mes- 
sage, desiring him to commit no hostilities in his country, by 
the way of assuring him he would not own the ffovernor's 
quarrels, and wishing Macdonald good success, and desiring 
him to be of good courage. The Lord of the Isles went for- 
ward till both armies met at Harlaw, a place in Garrioch, 
in the Braes of Buchan. There came several in the gover- 
nor's army out of curiosity to see Macdonald and his High- 





landers routed, as they imagined ; others came to be rewarded 
by the governor, as they did not expect to see any other kin^ 
in all appearance, but he and his offspring ; others came through 
fear of the Duke's great authority. Macdonald set his men 
in order of battle as follows. He commanded himself the main 
battle, where he kept the most of the Islanders, and with the 
Macleods, John of Harris, and Roderick of Lewis. He or- 
dered the rest to the wings, the right commanded by Hector 
Roy Maclean, and the left by Galium Beg Macintosh, who 
that day received from Macdonald a right of the lands of 
jGlendSB^in Lochaber, by way of pleasing him for yielding 
the right wing to Ma^an, and to prevent any quarrel between 
him and Maclean. Macintosh said he would take the lands, 
and make the left behave as well as the right. John More, Don- 
ald's brother, was placed with a detachment of the lightest 
and nimblest men as a reserve, either to assist the wings or 
main battle, as occasion required. To him was joined Mac- 
kenzie, and Donald Cameron of Locheill. Alister Carrick 
was young, and therefore was much against his will set apart, 
lest the whole of the brothers should be hazarded at once« 
The Earls of Marr and Buchan ordered their men in a main 
battle, and two small fronts : the right front was commanded 
by Lords Marishall and Erroll; the left by Sir Alexander Ogil- 
vie. Sheriff of Angus. They encountered one another; their 
left wing was forced by Maclean, and the party on Macdon- 
aid's right was forced to give way. There was a great fold 
for keeping cattle behind them, into which they went. The 
Earl of Marr was forced to give ground, and that wing was 
quite defeated. Marr and Erroll posted to Aberdeen, the 
rest of Macdonald's men followed the chase. There were killed 
on the governor's side 2550. The Lord Marishall was appre- 
hended safe, and died in his confinement of mere grief and de- 
spair. Sir Alexander Ogilvy, Sheriff of Angus, was killed, 
with seven knights, and several other gentlemen. On Mac- 
donald's side Maclean fell ; he and Irvin of Drum fought to- 
gether till the one killed the other. Drum's two brothers, 
with the principal men of that surname, were killed, so that a 
boy of the name, who herded the cattle, succeeded to the es* 
tate of Drum. Two or three gentlemen of the name of Mun- 
roe were slain, together with the son of Macquarry of Ulva, 
and two gentlemen of the name of Cameron. On Macdon- 
ald's side were lost in all 180. This battle was fought anno 
1411. Macdonald had burnt Aberdeen, had not Huntly ditu 
suaded him from it, saying, that by his victory in all appear- 






ance he gained his own, yet it was ridiculous in him to de- 
stroy the town, and that citizens would always join with him 
who had the upper hand. Now, to provd these fabulous and 
partial writers, particularly Buchanan, it is well known to se- 
veral men of judgment and knowledge, that Macdonald had 
the victory there, and gained the Earldom of Ross for four or 
five generations thereafter, and that Macintosh, whom they 
say was killed, lived twenty years thereafter, and was with the 
Earl of Marr when Alexander Macdonald, Lord of the Isles, 
was captive at Tantallon, in the battle fought at Inver- 
lochy against Donald Balloch, Alexander's cousin-german. 
This Donald Balloch was son to John ISfare, brother of Don- 
ald of the Isles, and Earl of Ross. Now, it happened that 
this same Galium Begg Macintosh was with King James I. 
after his releasement from his captivity in England, in the 
same place where the battle was fought. The king asked him 
how far they followed the chace ? Macintosh replied, that 
they followed it farther than his majesty thought. So the 
king, riding on a pretty pace, asked Macintosh if they came 
that length ? He answering, said, that, in his opinion, there 
was a heap of stones before them, and that he left there a mark 
to shew that he followed the chace that length ; and with that 
he brought a man's arm with its guantlet out of the heap. 
The king, beholding it, desired him to be with him that night 
at Aberdeen. The king, upon his arrival there, going to his lodg- 
ings, Macintosh said, in presence of the bystanders, that he had 
performed his word to the king, and now he would betake himself 
to his own lodgings; whereupon he immediately left the town,for 
he dreaded that the king would apprehend him. Patrick, Earl of 
Tullibardin, said, as the other noblemen were talking of the 
battle of Harlaw, we know that Macdonald had the victory, but 
the governor had the printer J The rights which Alexander 
and John, who were Donald^s successors, gave, shew by their 
date that they were wrote at Dingwall, as some of them bear to 
be given under our hand, at our court of Dingwall, in presence 
of our worthy friend and counsellors Macleod of the Lewis and 
John of Isla. Surely the Regent's party had not the advan- 
tage of the field, but those, who, as I formerly mentioned, fled 
on the Regent's right wing and went into the fold, the rest of 
Macdonald's army missing them, and following the chace, 
when they were out of sight, those in the fold came out and 

{^hindered all they could get hold of, which raustT)e oFVery 
ittle value. After the battle Macdonald returned again to the 
Isles, no opposition being made to him all his lifetime in Ross. 



When his father died, he and his younger brothers were left 
minors under the tuition of their eldest brother Ranald, who, 
with other illegitimate children, were infefted in their patrimo- 
nies previous to their father's death. John More received 120 
merks lands in Kintyre, and 60 merks lands in Isla. Alex- 
ander Carrick refused the country of Trotternish in the Isle 
of Sky, preferring to it the forrest lands of Lochaber, and so 
received the lands beyond the river Lochy, Mamore, and Glen 
Spean. Now John More married the heiress of the Glens in 
Ireland, being John Bissett's daughter, the fifth in des<!ent 
from the Bissett who was banished from Scotland for the 
slaughter and murder of Walter Cumin, Earl of Athol, and, 
although the, queen and some of her train attested that he was 
among the residue of her attendants the night on which the 
murder was committed ; yet the Cumin was such a potent 
name, that he was forced to leave the kingdom for Ireland, 
where he procured a good estate for himself. The Erasers 
and others enjoyed his inheritance. About this time lived the 
subtle and wicked councillor, the Green Abbot Finnon, by 
whose daughter John More had a natural son called Ranald 
Bain, of whom descended the house of Lairgy. Mac Lean 
fostered Donald Balloch, John More's eldest legitimate son, 
by the abbot's advice, who told John More that he had but a 
small portion of his father's estate, and that he would seize 
upon ail that was beyond the Point of Ardnamurchan south- 
ward. The abbot being a subtle eloquent man, brought over 
to his side the chief of the MacLeans and MacLeod of Harris, 
to get the Islands for themselves from the Lords of the Isles, 
who, hearing a rumour of the insolence of the new faction, 
raised some powerful forces, viz., the men of Ross^ MacLeod 
of Lewis, his own brother Alister Carrick, Macintosh, Mac- 
kenzie, the chief of the Camerons, the Islanders, the men of 
Urquhart and Glenmoriston, the Glencoe people, and Mac- 
neill of Barra. Now John and his party could not withstand 
the forces of his brother ; so, leaving Kintyre, he went to Gal- 
loi^ay. Macdonald followed them. John went from Galloway 
to Ireland, and remained in the glens. Donald returned to 
Isla. John More and his faction seeing that both they them- 
selves and their interest were like to be lost, unless Macdonald 
pardoned himself, and spared the rest, for his sake, thought it 
their best course to go to Isla, where Macdonald resided in 
Killcummin. Upon John More's coming in his brother's pre- 
sence, and prostrating himself on the ground, his brother rose 
and took him up, and embraced him kindly. This sedition was 



owing to MacFinnon and his kinsman, the Green Abbot: Macr-' 
Finnon being found guilty, and convicted, was hanged, and 
the abbot was all his lifetime confined at Icolumkill, his life 
being spared because he was a churchman, where he built a 
stately tomb for himself, which is still to be seen.- His child- 
ren were so wicked and covetous, that they killed a son of 
MacFinnon's, who was fostered with Donald Ferguson, grand* 
child of Baron Ferguson. Afterwards, by the help of MacFin- 
non, the Fergusons killed the abbot's two sons. All these 
broils being quailled, MacFinnon was reinstated in his own, 
getting Maosinish in exchange from Macdonald for the lands 
of Ross, in Mull, which lands belonged formerly to the church, 
and MacFinnon had more convenient passage from Strath in 
Sky to Maoshinish than to Ross in Mull. Macdonald en- 
joyed the Earldom of Ross all his lifetime without any com- 
petition or trouble, he being the king's near cousin ; but as long 
as the king was captive in England, the Duke of Albany the 
Regent used all his power to oppose him and impair his great- 
ness, being vexed that he lost the battle of Harlaw; and heu 
and his son having an eye to the crown of Scotland, thought 
such a man as Macdonald might be a great hindrance to their 
designs, and would not forsake the king his cousin on their ac- 
count. Moreover, he was a man that would not be tainted or. 
troubled with any hazardous or difficult enterprises; and, finally, 
he was one of the best spirited men of the nation in his time, 
and especially of his own name ; for any man that is well 
known and read in history, will know the king's issue were the. 
greatest traitors and oppressors in the kingdom. Donald had 
three or four children who died very young. He died himself 
at Ardhorioish in Morvairn, in the forty-fifth year of his age, 
and was buried at Icolumkill, after the rites and ceremonies, 
of his predecessors. Alexander his son succeeded to his father's 
estate, and was proclaimed Earl of Ross and Lord of the 
Isles after the accustomed manner, a man born to. much trouble 
all his lifetime. First, he took to hini the concubine, daugh- 
ter to Patrick Obeolan, surnamed the Red, who was a very, 
beautiful woman. This surname Obeolan was the sur- 
names of the Earls of Ross, till Farquar, born in Ross, .was. 
created earl by King Alexander, and so carried the n^une of 
Ross since, as best answering the English tongue. This 
Obeolan had its descent of the ancient tribe of the Manapil; 
of this tribe is also St Rice or Rufus. Patrick was an abbots 
and had Carlebay in the Lewis, and the church lands in that 
country, with 18 n^erks lands in Lochbroom. He had tw(^. 


sons and a daughter. The sons were called Normand and 
Austin More, so called from his excessive strength and cor- 

Eulency. lliis Normand had daughters that were great 
eauties, one of whom was married to Mackay of Strathnavern ; 
one to Dugall MacRanald, Laird of Mudort ; one to Macleod 
of Aissint; one to MacDuffee; and another, the first, to Mac- 
Lean of Bororay. Patrick's daughter bore a son to Alexander 
Lord of the Isles and Earl of Ross, who was called Austin,* or, 
as others say, Augustine. She was twice brought before the 
king, as MacDonald could not be induced to part with her, 
on occasion of her great beauty. The king said, that it was 
no wonder that such a fair damsel had enticed MacDonald« 
At last, by the king's persuasion, he married Margaret Living- 
ston, daughter to Sir Alexander Livingston, the Regent, who 
bore to him John and other two, who died in their infancy. 
Many malicious and ignorant writers impute to Alexander 
several mischievous actions, whereof he was innocent. The 
courtiers about King James, aiid especially the offspring of 
Robert the Second, who were defeated by nis father Donald 
at Harlaw, and disappointed in their desijsrns, became his mor- 
Ud enemies. TheJ^'^eing always i» tfe king's ears, made 
him believe that MacDonald's power was so extensive, that 
he ought to be crushed in time. At that time he possessed 
and governed all the lands between the Mull of Kintyre along 
the sea coast, and Strathnavern, with the Western Isles: Where-^ 
upon the king summoned him to compear, but as he was 
about to go, was privately warned by the family of the Dou- 
glasses, the Lords of Hamilton and Crawford, who were against 
the king, and dreaded that the opposite party would bring Mac- 
donald to their own side. Macdonald having waited for some 
time at Inverness, the king sent thither privately Sir William 
Grighton, William Hay, and Stewart of AthoU, with a strong 
party, who, leaving their men in the hill all day, went into 
town, pretending to have a private message from the king to 
him ; but when it was i^jght, their men came into town, and 
surprised Macdonald. They carried him off a prisoner to the 
king, who, finding nothing hurtful laid to his charge, freely 
discharged him. Though Macdonald took this sort of usage as 
a slight offence and disgrace, yet he contented himself, being 
innocent* He contracted hisson John to the Earl of Orkney, and 

• That this is false can be proven from a charter {granted by his father 
to Austin, wherein is mentioned that the Earl of Huntly's daughter was 
her mother, who was likewise married to Alexander. 


Alexander Lord of the Isles, as they happened to be at meat 
in Edinburgh, some sort of pudding iwas laid before theni. 
Macdonald pressed the Earl of Orkney to eat, who said he 
would not eat light. Macdonald replied, that, as he himself 
was not used to such light, he would eat of it. The Earl of 
Orkney asked what sort of light was wont to be burnt in his 
presence. Macdonald, turning about, and seeing Lauchlane 
Maclean behind him, desired the earl to enquire at that man 
standing. MacLean said there was no other light but wax 
burnt before Macdonald. Upon this subject they discoursed 
until such time as the Earl of Orkney invited Macdonald to 
breakfast with him next morning. Macdonald invited the 
Earl of Orkney rather to breakfast with him, who answered, 
that his breakfast would be sooner ready. Macdonald said, 
not so. Wagers being laid, and pledges given on both sided, 
in the night time the Earl of Orkney sent twelve men through 
the town, desiring that none should dress or make meat ready 
for Macdonald that night, and likewise should supply him with 
no fuel for firing early in the morning. MacLean getting up 
by times next day, could get no fuel, and remembered what 
happened the preceding night between the Earl of Orkney 
and his own master ; whereupon he cutt so many bows in their 
company, of which he made fire, and prepared a veneson break- 
fast. Orkney being disappointed when called to breakfast 
with Macdonald, and much incensed, said to Macdonald, do 
you think to equal or cope with me in power and authority ? 
Macdonald said, he had a young son at home, who would be 
his equal and match in the full, and would undertake to harrass 
his country, if he himself would procure liberty from the king. 
The Earl of Orkney said, if Macdonald would undertake to 
fulfil his engagements, he would procure the king's leave. 
These promises being ratified, they went home. At this time 
Macdonald gave the Isle of Tirie to MacLean, and sent his 
son Austine, with all the young heritors of lands, to harrass 
the Orkney inhabitants, who expected and waited for their ar- 
rival, and had encamped in a little promontory pointing out in 
the sea, thinking the islanders would land there, and be defeat- 
ed on their landing. But Austine took another course ; for 
there was another point directly opposite to that, in which the 
people of Orkney were encamped, separated by a long arm. 
of the sea ; here he landed his men. The Orcadians had to go 
round the head of this bay before they could come at their 
enemies. At first they came on furiously, but being as brave- 
ly resisted, they fell back in confusion, on which a great slaugh- 



tef ensued, for the common people there are said to be no great 
warriors, whatever their gentry are. One of their best soldiers, 
called Gibbon, was killed. The Earl of Orkney himself was 
killecH single hand, by one of William MacLeod of Harris's 
men, called Murdo MacCotter, who was afterwards Mac Lean's 
ensign-bearer. Having routed the enemy, Austin and his par- 
ty began to ravage the country, that being the only reward 
tney had for their pains and fatigue ; with which having loaded 
thfeir galleys, returned home. Austine having halted at 
Caithness, he got a son by the Crowner of Caithness' daughter^ 
of the name of Gun, which at that time was a very flourishing 
name there, descended of the Danes. This son was called 
Donald Gallich, being brought up in that country in his 
younger years ; for the ancient Scots, until this day, call the 
county of Caithness Gallibh. Alexander of the Isles after- 
wards went to Edinburgh, fearing no mischa\ice. At that time 
there happened to be a Spanish gentleman-traveller in town, 
of whom, after he returned to his own country, it was asked 
what was the greatest wonder he had seen in Scotland ? He 
said it was a grand man, called Macdonald, with a great train 
of men after him, and that he was called neither Duke nor 
Marquis. At the time, however, he was made prisoner by the 
king, and sent to Tantallen. His mother was secured, and 
sent to MilcoUum's Inch. The king proposed he should hold 
of him. Macdonald replied, that what rights his grandfather 
got from the king, when he married his daughter, he was will- 
ing to renew, with what he had on the continent, which was 
holden of the Crown of Scotland ; but as for the Isles, he held 
them of the Crown of Denmark ; yet he was as ready to assist 
the king with his men and fortune against the invasion of stran- 
gers, or any other peril that would threaten his majesty, as any 
subject in the kingdom. Yet [this] could not satisfy the envy 
and malice of those who stood in opposition to Macdonald, his 
power and grandeur being the only thing pernicious to his 
cause, to which his correspondence with the Douglasses, Ha- 
miltons, and Lindsays, did not help a little, these being the 
greatest pillars, and the most dangerous to be offended of any 
in the nation. These inconsiderate writers who affirm that 
Macdonald was a traitor, do not demonstrate what his treason 
was ; for the king can make any subject a traitor at pleasure, 
he being the law. Indeed, every opposition against him is 
rebellion, and rebellion is treason. We know and read of many 
kings who pronounced their subjects traitors on purpose to 
come at their estates. Alexander of the Isles proposed to re- 


fer the dec&ion of the controrefsy about the Isles to the arbt* 
txalion of foreign princes. The king said^ as he was a subject, 
he would not refer the decbion of the cause to any other prince. 
There is nothing for the subject, in such a case, to be done, 
but to pray to God that he would relent the king's heart to 
mercy, and to remain patient in hopes his successors may be 
more merciful. There are few subjects, who see themselves 
in any power or capacity when they are brought to the brink 
of destruction by mere oppression, but will go all the lengths 
they can for their own defence, and either lose all or win all 
their estates. In the meantime, the king sent John Campbell, 
to know if John More of Kintyre, Macdonald's uncle, would 
send to take all. his nephew's lands ; but it was a trap laid to 
weakeif them that they might be the more easily conquered. 
James Campbell sent a man with a message to John of Kin* 
tyre, desiring him to meet him at a point called Ard*du with 
some prudent gentlemen, and that he had matters of conse- 
quence from the king to be imparted to him. John came to 
tne place appointed with a small retinue, but James Campbell 
with a very great train, and told of the king's intentions of 
granting mm all the lands possessed by Macdonald, condition- 
ally he would, if he held of him and serve him. John said he 
did not know wherein his nephew wronged the king, and that 
his nephew was as deserving of his rights as he could be, and 
that he would not accept of those lands, nor serve for them, till 
his nephew would be set at liberty ; and that his nephew him- 
self was as nearly related to the king as he could be. James 
Campbell, hearing the answer, said that he was the king's 
prisoner. John made all the resistance he could, till, over- 
powered by numbera, he was killed. His death made a great 
noise through the kingdom, particularly among the faction in 
opposition to the king, viz. the Hamiltons, Douglasses, and 
Lindsays. The king at last being much ashamed of what 
had happened, he pursued James Campbell as the murderer ; 
and although Campbell protested he had the king's authority 
for so doing, yet the king denied having g^ven any other or- 
ders than that of apprehending him, if he would not come into 
the terms proposed to him ; and because Campbell had no 
written order from the king to produce in his defence, be was 
taken and beheaded, which shews the dangerous consequences 
of undertaking such a service without due circumspection. All 
those about the king wished to impair Macdonald's estate and 
diminish his grandeur, to which the king himself was not very 
averse. They thought it now a convenient time, Macdonald 


being in prison and bis uncle dead, to seize on the lands of 
Lochaber. Wbereupon Alexander Earl of Marr, baving re- 
ceived a grant of tbose lands from tbe king, did levy a great 
army by tbe king's directions, viz. Huntley, Allan Lord 
Caithness, Fraser of Lovat, Macintosh, Mac Kay of Strath- 
navern^ the Grants, tbe Chief of tbe Camerons, wbd enticed 
the rest of Macdonald's vassals, by making them great pro- 
mises to join with them, and that tbe rights they formerly neld 
of Macdonald would be confirmed to them by the king. The 
vassals and freeholders looking upon Macdonald's power as al- 
together gone and ruined, and believing they would never 
more see them installed in their possessions, thro' greed and 
oovetousness joined the king's party. So, coming to Lochabber, 
they pitched their tents near the Castle of Inverlochy. Fraser 
of Lovat was sent to harass the country of Sunort and Ard- 
namurchan with 3000 men, for provision for tbe army and 
camp. Macdonald had got information hereof, and finding an 
opportunity, sent a message from Tantallan to the Highlands, 
desiring all those whom he trusted most to face tbe enemy, 
though they never would see a sight of him. So Donald Bal- 
lich, his cousin-german, (John More's son being at this time 
but 18 years of age,) being fostered by Mac Lean, gathered all 
those who faithfully adhered to Macdonald's interest, came to 
Cama, an Island in Loch Sunart, where meeting with the 
Laird of Ardnamurchan, Allan, son to Allan of Muidort, and 
his brother, Ranald Bain, for these were the most principal 
men of the name, who were with them, picked out the best of 
their men, to the number of 600, mostly gentlemen and free- 
holders, and came in their galleys to Inversbippinish, two miles 
south of Inverlochy. Now Alister Carrick, Macdonald's 
younger uncle, held tbe lands of Lochabber, east of Lochy, 
and whose posterity are yet there, took possession of tbe hill 
above the enemy, with 220 archers, being unable, by the small- 
ness of his number, to face them, but expected that some of his 
friends would at last come to his relief. Upon seeing his nephew, 
Donald Ballich, he was much animated. Now, as Donald 
Ballich drew near, Lord Huntly stept into tbe Earl of Marr's 
tent, where he and Macintosh were playing at cards. Hunt- 
ly desired them to lay up their cards, for their enemys were 
near hand. They asked if they were numerous. Huntly an- 
swered, they were not very numerous, but he understood by 
them, they were bent on fighting. Well, said Macintosh, 
we'll play this game, and dispute with these fellows afterwards. 
So Huntly looked out again, and saw the enemy driv- 


ing on fariously towards them : he goes a second tfane to the- 
tent, saying, gentlemen, fight stoutly, or render yourselves 
to your enemies. Macintosh replied, they would play that 
game, and would do with the enemy what they pleased ; 
that he knew very well the doings of the big-bellied carles 
of the Isles. Whatever they be, said Huntly, they will fight 
like • men this day. Macintosh said, that tho' he himself 
should assist them, their party would defeat them both. Hunt* 
ly in a rage went out, and said he would fight none against 
tnem that day, so drew his men to a side by themselves, 
and was rather a spectator than of either party. Then join- 
ing battle, Donald Ballich made a main battle and a front of 
his men. The front was commanded by MacEan of Ardna- 
murchan, and John MacLean of Coll ; the main battle by Ra- 
nald Bain, son of the foresaid John More, killed by James 
Campbell, a natural son of Donald Ballich being progenitor 
of the family of Largy, and Allan, son to Allan, Laird of Mui- 
dart, of whom descended the ancient family of Knoydart, and 
MacDuifeeof Colonsay, and MacQuire of Ulva, and MacGee 
of the Rinds of Isla. As they faced one another, Alexander 
aforesaid came down the brae with the 220 archers, and shot 
theh* arrows so thick on the flank of the earl's army, as to force 
them to give ground. Allan Lord Caithness was killed, a 
son of Lovat, and 990 men. Hugh Mackay of Strathnavem 
was taken, who married thereafter a daughter of Alexander 
Macdonald of Keppoch, of whom descended the race of Mac- 
Kays, called Slioc Ean Abrich. On Donald Ballich's side 
was lost 27 men. The Earl of Marr was wounded in the 
thigh by an arrow, and was in the hills, accompanied only by 
his servant, for two nights, in a starving condition, they hav- 
ing no victuals. At last he fell in with some women, who 
were looking after cattle, who happened to have a little barley 
meal for their own use, with which they relieved the earl and 
his servant, mixing it with a little water in the heel of the earl's 
own shoe. After he and servant had satisfied their hunger^ 
he composed the following verse in Gaelic : 

** Sma an coch dira an Pacris smeirg a ni taleuis air biadh 

" Fuarag oirne a sail mo bhroige biadh is fear a huair mi riamh." 

The earl gave his own clothes to the woman, that he might 
disguise himself, and travelled in the night time till he came 
to a little house belonging to a poor man, on a spot of land 
called Beggich, who was an Irishman, by name OUrrin ; that 
he was one of the Earl of Marr's followers, and tEat necessity 



obliged him to disguise himself for fear of being known. The 
poor man got a cow from the camp, and beginning to slaughter 
ity desired his guest, as he termed him, to hold the cow. The 
earl was more willing to obey his landlord's orders than skill- 
full to act as butcher. The landlord, not pleased with any as- 
sistance that he gave him, cursed those who took such a block- 
bead abroad to be a soldier. At last he cut out some collops, 
of which he gave some to the earl to dress for himself, which 
the earl could not very well do, until his landlord did it for 
him, by roasting them upon the coals. At going to bed, he 
washed the earl's feet in warm water, cleaned and washed his 
wound. When the earl laid himself down, he could not sleep 
with cold, being very scarce of bed clothes. Obirrin got up, 
took the cow's hide, and warming it to the -fire, wrapped it 
about the earl, which warmed him so much, that he perspired 
during the whole night. In the morning, after such refresh- 
ment as they had, the earl said he would go to Badernoch. 
Obirrin asked if he knew the way, who answered in the nega- 
tive, but would do his best to get there. Obirrin desired him 
to take some flesh in his pocket, and went himself three or four 
miles^to shew him the way. As they were about to part, the 
earl desired him, if his case thereafter should be low, he should 
remember to go to Killdrummin, the Earl of Marr's seat, and 
ask for Alexander Stewart, and that he would cause the Earl 
of Marr reward him for his good offices to him. Thus bidding 
him adieu, he proceeded on his journey. It happened in pro- 
cess of time, that Obirrin was reduced to a very low situation, 
went to Killdrummin, and knocking at the gate, the porter ask- 
ed what he was, or what he wanted. Obirrin said that he want- 
ed to speak to Alexander Stewart. The porter said he was a 
fool, there was no such man there ; but Obirrin continued to 
knock till the Earl of Marr heard him, and calling to the por- 
ter, asked who it was that stood knocking at the gate. The 
porter replied, that he was some fool enquiring for Alexander 
Stewart. The earl, musing a little, starts up, and looking 
stedfastly at the man, presently knew him to be Obirrin, caus- 
ed the gate to be opened to him, and kindly embraced him. 
Being come in, he composed to him the following verse in 
Gaelic : 

** Oiche dho bhi an 'theach air mhoran bidhidh is air bheag idich 

'* Huaris sadh mhor do dh'foil air droch bhrich uadb Obirrin sa Bhaggech.** 

The earl sent for a tavlor, and ordered a suit of clothes to 
be made for Obirrin. He desired Obirrin also to bring his 


wife and son to Kildrummin^ but he told the earl that his urife 
was old, and would not be prevailed on to leave her native 
country. The earl having entertained Obirrin at Kildrum- 
min for some time, sent him home, with sixty milch cows, en- 
joyning him to send his son ; who came sometime thereafter, and 
was made a laird of a small estate, which has fallen since to a 
gentleman of the name of Forbes, whereby it may be seen, that 
a good turn to a generous or noble person is not always lost. 
IJow Macdonald, being liberated from Tantallen, came to Au- 
ras, by the mediation of Douglas, and Lord Hamilton, Craw- 
ford, and many other noblemen. He knew very well that he was 
rather confined and secured for his greatness, than for any oth^ 
crime laid to his charge, and that his liberty was owing not 
only to the intercession of the above mentioned noblemen, but 
likewise to the disturbances which were feared from the rest of 
his clan. Those partial writers who say that Donald's head 
was sent to the king from Ireland, never were at the trouble 
to examine into the reality of what they advanced. For Don* 
aid Ballich* was then but 18 years of age at most, and it was 
five years thereafter that he married Counn O'NeilFs daugh- 
ter, who was of the Clan-Buys in Ireland, by whom he had all 
his children. It is of him that most of the Macdonalds in the 
south are descended, as those of Antrim, Sanay, &c. Besides 
that, he had as strong a country as any in Ireland, to protect him 
from the pursuit of nis enemies, the seven proportions of the 
glens being his property; at the same time, he was much more 
beloved in Ireland than the King of Scots, for generally those 
Irish who were not very obedient to the Crown of England, 
cared very little for that of Scotland ; and his own tribe and 
kindred were so strong, that none durst undertake the behead- 
ing of him. Those likewise who say that the king came to 
Dunstaffnage after the battle of Inverlochy, and that 300 of 
Donald Ballicb's followers were executed, are very much mis- 
taken ; for no such thing ever happened, and none of them were 
ever missed, or as much as lamented in the isles, or in any 
other place. Besides, they had their choice, in case of being 
pursued, either to betake themselves to the hills, or to go to 
Ireland. That Donald Ballich died after another manner can 
be proved by four contemporary wi iters, who say that he died 
on an inch in a loch in his own country, called Lochdunord. 
After the death of King James, Macdonald being set at liber- 
ty, as above mentioned, was very wroth that the King disposed 
of the lands of Lochabber to Huntly, which were formerly his, 

• See Note E. 


aiid which were possessed by his predecessors fot a long time 
back* Lawyers, on the other side, pleaded, that as these lands 
were his uncle Alexander's patrimony, they were forfeited for 
his rebellion, he having fought against the king's pai;ty at In- 
verlochy. Macdonald said, that what he had done was only 
in his just defence, the king having unjustly assigned these 
lands to the Earl of Marr, which were given by King Robert 
Bruce to his pi*edecessors after the forfeiture of the Cummins, 
and afterwards confirmed to them by King Robert the Second. 
How could Macintosh claim the lands of Glenroy, which he 
heldof the Lord of the Isles, for his services in the battle of Har- 
law, where he fought against the king's or regent's party, Mac- 
donald himself having forfeited (by way of argument) his 
right to them by his conduct there? Yet the king, after 
Macdonald's resignation to him, confirmed all the rights 

f ranted formerly oy Macdonald to all the vassals and ffree- 
olders under him ; from which may plainly be understood, 
that Macdonald was only envied and hated for his great- 
ness and power, and not for any treason or guilt committed 
by him. After all this, Macdonald went with 3000 men to 
the king to the seige of Roxburgh, who was very well pleased 
at his arrival. Yet it was impossible to satisfy the humour 
of the king, or the caprice of the courtiers, or to convince them 
that Macdonald would still join with the Douglasses, Hamil- 
tons^ and Lindsays, after he was relieved from his last captivi*^ 
ty. Afterwards, when he came home to Aros in Mull, he held 
a great feast, to which most of the Islanders, and many of the 
Mainland people, resorted. One John Macdonald, tutor to 
Roderick his nephew, Laird of Mudort, and Maclean and some 
other gentlemen conversing, MacLean kept silent for a time ; 
at which John Macdonald asked the reason of his silence ? 
He replied, he had no occasion to speak. The tutor said, he 
knew very Well MacLean's office was to set the Macdonalds 
in order to-morrow at dinner, and that he should see all the 
principal men there placed according to their rank and station ; 
out if MacLean would give him a black hound he had, he would 
supply his place the next day. MacLean consented to this, 
and gave the hound. At dinner time next day, John stood at the 
end of Macdonald's table, and desired the Laird of Ardnamur- 
chan to sit down. This family, indeed, might claim to be 
lords since King David Bruce's time ; but the old Scots were 
careless of their prerogatives. Then he desired MacFinnon 
and MacQuire to sit, for Mac Quire was an ancient Thane. 
Then desired Beatton, the principal physician, then MacMur- 


rich, the poet, to take their seats. Now, saith he, I am the 
oldest and best of your surnames here present, and will sit down ; 
as for these fellows who have raised up their heads of late, and 
are upstarts, whose pedigree we know not, nor even they them" 
selves, let them sit as they please. MacLean, MacLeod of 
Harris, and MacNeill of Barra, went out in a rage, and very 
much discontented. MacLeod of Lewis remained within ; the 
other three were determined, as soon as an opportunity offer- 
ed, to be fully revenged of John Macdonald for the affront, as 
they thought, he had given. After this, MacLeod of Harris 
and the family of Mudort were never intimate or in good terms. 
MacLeod of Harris, upon his return home, ravaged and plun- 
dered the families and Isles belonging to Mudort, which was 
revenged by that family. Thereafter John was made prisoner 
by the MacLeods, and lost his sight during his confinement 
at Dunvegan, and was thereafter called John Daul, or Blind. 
He wanted his sight for a whole year before it was known. 
Concerning this Macdonald in Ross, of whom some were pleas- 
ed to write, many things were omitted for want of information, 
which ought to have been mentioned. None can justify the 
actions laid to his charge. Although the Macdonalds might 
be as guilty as any others, yet they never could expect com- 
mon justice to be done them by a Lowland writer. But he 
that committed the fact was a cousin-german of John Macdo^ 
nald, of whom we spoke lately, being the natural son of Du- 
gall, the son of Ranald. His chief being in Isla, he went with 
a set of loose fellows to Ross, as often the custom then was 
with the Highlanders. It was this man that injured the widow, 
and if he had not been apprehended before his chiefs return 
from Isla, he would have hanged him, together with all his 
followers. After this, Alexander Lord of the Isles sought to 
punish his vassals, and those who fought against him at the bat- 
tle of In verlochy, as Macintosh, thechief of the Camerons, Mac- 
Lean, &c. With that intention^ he came with a strong party 
through Lochabber, Badenoch, and the Braes of Murray, 
partly to chastise his vassals, and partly to support the faction 
of the Douglasses, Hamiltons, and Lindsays. The chief of 
the Camerons fled to Ireland, and the verses sent by Cameron 
from that place, composed to Macdonald during his exile, are 
still extant, and Macdonald's answer to these verses. At this 
time, Macdonald gave to the Laird of Coll a right of the 40 
pounds lands of Locheill, and gave Largey to Ranald Bain, 
for his active and faithful services at Inverlochy battle, for it 
was none of John More's patrimony. At last he went to Ire:. 


land, where he died, and wad burned with great funeral pomp, 
leaving only two sons, who came to manhood, Austin and John, 
who succeeded him. John succeeded his father, a meek, modest 
man, brought up at court in his younger years, and a scholar, 
more fit to be a churchman than to command so many irregu- 
lar tribes of people. He endeavoured, however, still to keep 
them in their allegiance, by bestowing gifts on some, and pro- 
moting others with lands and possessions ; by this he became 
prodigal and very expensive. He had a natural son, begotten 
of MacDuflFee of Colonsay's daughter, and Angus Ogg, his 
legitimate son by the Earl of Angus's daughter. He gave 
the lands of Morvairn to MacLean, and many of his lands in the 
north to others, judging by these means to make them more 
faithful to him than they were to his father. His son, An- 
gus Ogg, being a bold, forward man, and high-minded, ob- 
serving chat his father very much diminished his rents by his 
prodigality, thought to deprive him of all management and 
authority. Many followers adhered to him. His father be- 
ing at Isla, he went after him with a great party, forced him 
to change seven rooms to lodge in, and at last to take his bed, 
during the whole of the night, under an old boat. When he 
returned to his house in the morning, he found his son sitting 
with a great croud about him. MacFinnon rising up, desired 
Macdonald to sit down ; who answered, that he would not sit 
till he would execute his intention, which was to curse his son. 
So, leaving Isla with only six men, he went to the mainland 
and to Inverary, and having waited without till one of the 
Argyle gentlemen came forth in the morning, who, observing 
Macdonald, went in immediately, and told Argyle of the mat- 
ter, who could scarcely believe him, saying, if he was there, he 
would certainly send some person to inform him before hand. 
With that he started up, and going out, finds Macdonald, and 
having saluted him, and brought him in, he said, I do not 
wonder at your coming here ; but I am surprised you did not 
warn me before your arrival, and that your retinue is so small. 
That is little, said Macdonald, to the revolutions of the times, 
and thou shall be the better of my coming ; and so, after din- 
ner, he bestowed on him the lands of Knapdale Rilisleter, 
from the river Add to the Fox-burn in Kintyre, 400 merks 
lands, and desired Argyle to convey him to Stirling, where 
the king was at that time, and for his son's disobedience, he 
would resign all his estates to the king. So they went to 
Stirling, and from thence to Air, in company with the king, 
when John resigned all into his hands, excepting the barony of 


Kinloss in Murray, of Kinnaird in Bachan, and of Ccdmdon*^ 
aid, in the west, which he retained to support his own gran- 
deur during his lifetime. Angus Ogg Maodonald, his son, 
followed his former courses, came to Jnvemess, and demolish* 
ed the castle. When his brother Austin saw how matters went 
on, and that John had resigned all to the king*, he goes to 
Edinburgh, and takes his charters from the king for all his 
patrimony which his father and mother bestowed on him for-^ 
merly, in favor of his heirs-male, legitimate or illegitimate ; 
which patrimony consisted of North Uist, the parish of 
Hough in South Uist, Canna, Benbicula, Slate, Trotter* 
nish, and Lochbroom. But Angus Ogg, his nephew, con* 
tinuing his former pretensions, resolved not to surrender 
any of his father's lands to the king, or to his father him- 
self. The Earl of A thole was ordered with a party ae^ainst him* 
He joined others in the north, who had the same injunctions 
from the king, viz. the Mackays, Mackenzie, the Brodies, 
some of the Erasers and Rosses. Angus Ogg came from Isla 
and Kintyre to the west, and raising some of his own name, 
viz. Alexander Macdonald of the Braes of Lochabber, John 
of Glengarry, the Laird of Knoydort, and some of the Islanders, 
he goes to Ross, where, meeting Atbole and his party near 
Lagebread, he gave them a defeat, killing 517 of their army. 
Mackay was made prisoner; Athole and Mackenzie made 
their escape. The Earl of Crawford afterwards was or- 
dered by the king to go by sea, and Huntly with a party to 
g^o by land, to harass and discourage Angus Ogg's adherents ; 
but neither of them executed their orders. Argyle and 
Athole were sent to the Islanders, desiring them to hold of 
the king, and abandon Angus Ogg, and that the king would 
fiprant them the same rights they had formerly from Mac- 
donald. This offer was accepted by severals. But when the 
Macdonalds, and heads of their families, saw that their chief 
and family was to be sunk, they began to look up to Angus 
Ogg, the young lord. About this time Austin, his uncle, 
died, and was buried in Sand in North Uist. The Lords and 
principal men in the Isles gathered together in the Sound of 
Mull, and Angus Ogg, after an interview with his father, 
Ai^yle, and the Earl of Athol, was on the north fiide of Ard- 
namurchan with his men detained by bad weather for the space 
of five whole weeks, and in very great want of provisions ; at 
last, the weather changing, he got round the Point. In the 
meantime, the Laird of Ardgour, coming through the Sound, 
and perceiving Macdonald and his party, displayed his colours 


in bilB galley, which Macdonald took for Maclean's; upon 
which he steered directly towards him. They on the other 
side left their own harbour to the relief of Ardgour, such as 
Madean^ William Macleod of Harris, and Macneillof Barra; 
the rest of the faction, seeing themselves in danger at least 
of losing their galleys, thought best to enter their harbour. 
Macdonald coming on as swiftly as he could, accompanied by 
Donald Gallich of Sleat, Austin's son, and Ranald Bain^ 
Laird of Mudort's eldest son, the last of whom grappled side 
to side with Macleod of Harris's galley. There was one 
called Edmond More Obrian along with Ranald Bain, who 
thrust the blade of an oar in below the stern-post of Macleod's 
galley, between it and the rudder, which prevented the galley 
from being steered. The galley of the heir of Torkill of the 
JLewis, with all his nien, was taken, and himself mortally 
wounded with two arrows, whereof he died soon after at Dun- 
vegan. Angus Ogg and Allan Laird of Mudort attacked 
Macleod, and took him prisoner, with a great slaughter of his 
men. Angus Ogg would have hanged Maclean immediately, 
had he not been prevented bv the Laird of Mudort saying, he 
would have none to bicker with if Maclean was gone. Some- 
time thereafter, giving his oath of fidelity, he was pardoned. 
Macneill of Barra made his escape about Coll, and three galr 
leys in pursuit of him. After this conlBiict, the Earl of Athole, 
being provided with boats by Argyle, crossed over privately 
to Isla, where Angug Ogg's lady, daughter of Argyle, was, 
and apprehended Donald Du, or '^ the Black," a child of three 
years of age, and committed him prisoner to Inch Chonnil, so 
called from the builder, Connil, son of the first Dougall of 
Lorn, where he remained in custody until his hair got grey* 
Yet Angus Ogg, Donald Du's father, was still advised by the 
Earl of Angus and Hamilton to hold out and maintain his 
rights. After this, John of the Isles gave up to the king all 
these lands which he formerly held back for tne support of his 
grandeur, and betook himself to the fraternity of Paisley, 
where he lived a monasterial life for two years previous to his 
death. He ordered, when on his death-bed, himself to be 
buried a-side King Robert. Sometime thereafter, Angus Ogg 
went to Athol, apprehended the earl, and imprisoned him in 
Isla for a year. Some writers affirm that he pillaged and burnt 
a church in Athole, where he apprehended the earl, where 
he took sanctuary, and that, in consequence of this, he some- 
time thereafter got mad, which is absolutely false, and advanc- 
ed only by those who had no good will to the Macdonalds ; 
yet he made no appology for him. If we search antiquaries. 


we will find few names in Scotland that mortified more lands 
to the church than the Macdonalds did. However, I cannot 
deny but his father's curse seems to have lighted on this man. 
He took a journey south, where he killed many of the Mac- 
alisters in Arran, and also of his own name, for seizing and 
intromitting with some of his lands without his consent. Re- 
turning through Argyle and Lochabber, he came to Inverness. 
Mackenzie was like to be killed, or at least banished, by Mao- 
donald, because he was always against him, contriving all the 
mischiefs he could, least, upon recovering his own, he would 
deprive Mackenzie of these lands which he held of the king. 
There was another circumstance which shortened Macdonald's 
days, viz. there was a lady of the name of Macleod, daughter 
of Rory, surnamed the Black, who was tutor to the lawful heir 
of the Lewis, married to the Laird of Muidort. The tutor, 
her father, being resolved not to acknowledge, by any means, 
the true heir of the Lewis, and engross the whole to himself, 
was displaced by Macdonald, and the rightful heir put in pos- 
session. This lady having a spite at Macdonald for dispos- 
sessing her father, together with John Mackenzie, contrived 
his death in the following manner : There was an Irish harper 
of the name of Art O'Carby, of the county of Monaghan in 
Ireland, who was often at Macdonald's, and falling in love 
with Mackenzie's daughter, became almost mad in his amours. 
Mackenzie seeing him in that mood, promised him his daughter, 
provided he would put Macdonald to death, and made him 
swear never to reveal the secret. This fellow being after- 
wards iti his cups, and playing upon his harp, used to sing 
the following verse, composed by himself in the Irish lan- 
guage :— 

" Tanmin do dhia a mharcruch neich crichd Bhalbhrichd 
** Gu bherl tanmin an cansiort mata puinsuin an Gallfit ;" 

meaning, that the rider of the dapple horse was in danger of 
his life, (for Macdonald always rode such a one,) if there was 
poison in his long knife, which he called Gallfit. As Mac- 
donald went to bed one night, there was none in the room along 
with him but John Cameron, brother to Ewan, Laird of 
Locheill, and Macmurrich the poet. This John bad some 
rights from Macdonald of the lands of Mammore in Lochabber, 
written the day before, but not signed by Macdonald. The 
harper rose in the night-time, when he perceived Macdonald 
was asleep, and cut his throat, for which he was apprehended, 
but never confessed that he was employed by any body so to 


doy although there were several jewels found upon him^ which 
were well known to have belonged formerly to Mackenzie and 
the lady of Muidort. The harper was drawn after horses till 
his limbs were torn asunder. After the death of Angus, the 
Islanders, and the rest of the Highlanders, were let loose, and 
began to shed one another's blood. Although Angus kept tdem 
in obedience while he was sole lord over them, yet, upon his 
resignation of his rights to the king, all families, his own as 
well as others, gave themselves up to all sorts of cruelties, 
which continued for a long time thereafter. We know, and 
might easily prove, that the Macdonalds are accused by many 
ignorant and malicious writers of treasons, rebellions, and such 
like crimes, for which they have no other grounds to go upon 
than that of their magnanimity in opposing some of the king's 
descendants, who wished to deprive them of their natural 
rights, and who were greater traitors towards the Macdonalds 
than the Macdonalds towards them ; as any man versed in the 
affairs of the kingdom may easily discern. But had the law 
of Appenins in France been practised in Scotland as it had 
been there, the kingdom would have enjoyed more peace, 
and been at less trouble with our kings, than it generally 
has. There were many kings murdered in Scotland since 
CoUan Uabhais came from Ireland, yet we could never 
learn to this hour that Macdonald had a hand in any of their 
deaths, which, if he had, it could by no means be concealed. 
The following kings lost their lives in this manner: Con- 
Sitantinthe 1st, Conranos, EugeniusSth, Fergus the 3d, Donald 
the 5th, Malcolm 1st, Duffus, Culenus, Kenneth the 3d, Gri- 
mius, Malcolm 2nd, Duncan 1st, and two Jameses, 1st and 3d ; 
Queen Mary and her husband, with the attempts on her son ; 
King Charles 1st of England, with banishment of his two 
sons. Neither can any one say that a Macdonald ever signed 
that unhappy convent against Charles 1st, although few in 
Scotland suffered more than they did, severals of them hav- 
ing lost their own lives and those of their followers for his 
sake. If any writer hereafter writes that the Macdonalds 
were guilty of such acts of treason, he certainly must advance 
what no precedinj^ author has ventured to do. How much 
times are changecf when men commit no treason against the 
king, but what is committed against the Parliament and Coun- 
cil. In any rebellion, the king's party are called traitors when 
weakest. There are few names in Scotland who have not 
been some'time or other guilty of treason, although their names 
have not been eternized to posterity with infamy and disgrace. 


as many have attempted to do of the Macdonald^. Bat to 
return to our subject. 

John of the Isles aforesaid had a base son called Gillespig/ 
by MacDuffee of Colonsay's daughter, to whom his father left 
as his patrimony Slias Rittachi, tne one side of Strathford in 
Sutherland, Loehcarron, and Lochailsh, with other lands in 
the Braes of Ross, and the Lairdship of Kildin. In his lat- 
ter years he became blind. He had a son called Alexander, 
and three daughters, of whom one was married to Ewan Mao 
AUan, Chief of the Camerons; another to Chisholm of Strath* 
glass ; and the third to Mr Robert, Earl of Sutherland's son. 
As Archibald was one day hunting in the Braes of Ross, 
having a leash of hounds in his hands, upon their scenting the 
deer £ey rushed forward and threw him against the stock of 
an old tree, some of the branches of which piercing his side 
occasioned his death. He got Alexander by his father's 
brother's daughter, and finding no clei^yman to marry them, 
he cohabited with her all his lifetime against the consent of 
all his friends. This Alexander thought he became heir to the 
Earldom of Ross and the Isles upon his unde^s death Angus 
Ogg, his cousin-german, Donald Angus Ogg's son, being then 
prisoner in Inchconnil. Alexander had a natural son called 
Angus Roy, got in Ireland by a daughter of Ranald Bain, 
first Laird of Lairgy. This Angus died in Ross. He had ta 
wife Hugh Eraser's daughter, by whom he had two sons, John 
Caum and Angus. Alexander was married to Lovat's daughter, 
by whom he had three daughters and a son called Donald 
Gauld. The eldest of the daughters was first betrothed to Alex- 
ander Macdonald, son of Dugall, first Laird of Morar. Alex- 
ander of Glengarry, third Laird of that family, married first 
a brother's daughter of his grandfather. Angus Reavick, who 
was mother to Allan, of whom descended Lundy and Pitmain, 
who are not legitimate of that family, and having turned her 
off, he married the second daughter. The third was such an 
idiot, that she was sent to Heiskier, a remote island, lest she 
should be seen of strangers, to the care of a gentleman living 
there, a Macdonald called Donald Du Maclauchlane. Now 
Alexander, after the death of his uncle Angus Ogg, was infeft- 
ed in his father's lands in Ross, because his father was infefted 
|here before the resignation of his grandfather : and not con- 
tent with this, he bethought himself of possessing all Mac- 
donald's lands, or, as he pretended, to hold them in tutelage, 

* See Note F. 


for Donald Du, the son of Angus Ogg, who was detained 
prisoner in Inchconnil ; Gillespig Du, the wicked murderer 
of his brother, rulings the family of l^eat after the death of his 
father Austin Macdonald. Alexander, of whom we spoke 
above, went to Ross with a small body of the Ross people, 
having Alexander of Glengarry his son-in-law in company. 
This Alexander of Glengarry having^ dismissed his lawful wife, 
Angus Reavick's daughter, he ravished Alexander MacGil- 
lespig's daughter, merely to advance his fortune, his estate at 
that time being very small, possessing only the plain side of 
Glengarry, his cousin-german the offspring of Angus having 
the ru^ed side. Laggan Achadrom was one of the first 
holdings that Mackenzie had« Abertarf belonged of right to 
the Erasers. At that time the lands of Knoidart did not belong 
to him, for they were possessed by a younger branch of the 
family of Muidort. Alexander, as I mentioned above, going to 
Ross, many men gathered to him from the Isles and adjacent 
country. Alexander of Keppoch was going to his aid with 
240 men, but young Mackenzie gathered together a number 
of Ross people, and that of the north, particularly such as held 
Macdonald's lands, at that time of the king ; he had commis- 
sion to oppose Alexander, in case he aimed to regain Mac- 
donald's lands, and fearing for himself to have those whom 
he formerly offended as his Deighbours, he got all those who 
then held of the king to join him. Alexander thought that 
Mackenzie would by no means venture to attack him, but 
Mackenzie knowing that if Alexander obtained any kind of 
superiority or advantage over him, that he would be reduced 
to a very low condition, became desperate in the attempt, and 
surprised Alexander and his people while in their beds resting 
in security and safety as they thought in Park. Their confusion 
became so great, that more were drowned in the river Connil 
than killed; 43 perished in all, but when Keppoch arrived with 
his men, he plundered Mackenzie's lands, wlho at that time 
kept the fort of the Island Donnen. Alexander MacGillespig 
joining afterwards, came south to Colionsay to raise more men 
to recover his lands in Ross, but was, contrary to humanity or 
justice, killed by John Brayoch MacEan of Ardnamurchan and 
Alexander Macdonald of Isla and Kintyre, at Oronsay, being 
then well stricken in years. The reason assigned for this was, 
that if he possessed Macdonald's ancient heritage, he would 
without doubt lessen those estates which they possessed at 
that time. Now Donald Gauld, Alexander MacGiilespig's 
jM>n, was in a very low condition ; he had a dauvich of lands 


from his uncle Lovat. He gathered a great many necessaries, 
such as seed, &c., among the best men in Ross, for his being 
a great man's son. There was a common fellow in his cona- 
pany, Paul, who gathered together his thigging in Ross. 
This man asked Donald Gauld what he meant to do with all 
the trash he was gathering ? Donald Gauld answered. That 
mean and low as that was, he could do no better, and as it was 
God's will to reduce him to that low and despondent state, he 
ought to be content. Then, says Paul, if you will be advised 
by me, you will sell all your seed and thigging, for you will 
never raise yourself to any notice or respect by contmuing a 
farmer ; therefore, it is your interest to make money of all you 
have gathered, and hire as many men therewith as you can, 
to apprehend, in]^the first place, the Laird of Raisay, being the 
weakest and least powerful of all the island Lairds, and after 
succeeding in this, you can act according to circumstances. 
This advice being followed, they came to the Isles, apprehend- 
ed Raisay, to whom they communicated their intentions. 
Raisay goes along with them to the Lewis, and remained that 
night within the castle of MacLeod of the Lewis. After that, 
Raisay had a consultation with his chief, the Laird of Lewis. 
It happened that night that a great many whales ran ashore 
in the Bay of Stornoway. MacLeod in tne morning goes out 
to behold the diversion, and to kill them with broad swords. 
Donald Gauld and his company go out likewise. Raisay ad- 
vised Donald Gauld, when MacLeod began to strike at the 
whales, to keep close at his heels to assist him ; to which ad- 
vice Donald invariably adhered. MacLeod having gone home, 
asked what that young man was who assisted him in killing 
the whales. Being informed he was Donald Gauld, MacLeod 
said, that it was reasonable and proper that he should be as- 
sisted to some honour and preferment. After this, MacLeod 
of the Lewis, and some others of the Islanders, held a meeting 
at Kyleakin. Alexander of Kin tyre came there for Donala 
Gruamach, son of Donald GallicK, to make him Lord of the 
Isles, and imparted his sentiments on the subject to MacLeod. 
MacLeod said he was willing that Donald Gruamach should 
be made Lord of the Isles, and that he was nearer related to 
him than Donald Gauld. Alexander of Kintyre had a double 
meaning in this offer. He well kiiew it did not belong to 
himself by right, and had a greater respect for Donald Grua- 
mach, who had a greater right to that title, than for Donald 
Gauld, who, according to his opinion, was not so fit for the 
place, either by his actions or friendship; besides, he did not 


wish to prefer Donald Gauld, he himself having a hand in hi^ 
father's murder. Upon this, MacLeod spoke to Donald Grua- 
mach upon this subject, who answered, that it was a cause not 
very easily carried through ; that he doubted much the loyalty 
of the Islanders ; and that he would no ways have a hand in 
that affair so long as Donald Du, Angus Ogg's son, was alive. 
Alexander of Kintyre undertook this journey to create Donald 
Gruamach Lord of the Isles, fearing that if Donald Gauld 
succeeded, he would revenge his father's death, of which he 
was a partaker. This Alexander of Kintyre being married to 
John of Ardnamurchan's daughter, was easily induced by his 
father-in-law to stand as heir, and to look for great honour 
and preferment, if Alexander MacGillespig was cut off. John 
of Ardnamurchan's purpose was to set them by the ears, in 
case he himself might get some of their lands to purchase. 
Donald Gruamach rejecting the offer made him of being 
created Lord of the Isles, the MacLeods thought to make 
Donald Gauld Lord of them. With this intention going to 
Morveirn, where they met Maclean, Alexander of Kintyre 
being also in company, comporting with the times, because he 
formerly told his mind to these men, they proclaimed Donald 
Gauld Lord of the Isles. When Brayack of Ardnamurchan 
was desired to compear, Maclean sent him a private message 
not to come, to which he paid no attention, but appeared, and 
was paid the same deference as any of the rest. As he sat in 
the tent,*^his son, John Sunoirtich, expressed his surprise that 
all the gentry of the Isles were called to Macdonald's tent, 
and he not treated as the rest. His father observed, it was 
his own fault, by having a hand in Donald's father's death. 
His son said, if his advice was followed, they would attack 
Macdonald's tent; but his father said, they were too weak 
against Donald Gauld's party. In the meantime, he ordered 
one of his men to look to the shore, and see if his galley was 
afloat ; upon this there came a black sheep into the tent, and 
the person sent to see the galley came back with a salmon fish 
wanting an eye, telling him his boat was not afloat. John 
Brayack asked what was the place's name in which they were ? 
Being answered it was called Ballepaig, he said that three 
things had come to pass, of which the old woman who nursed 
him desired him to be aware, viz. The black sheep, the salmon 
with one eye, and Ballepaig, wherein she warned him never to 
remain a night; and now, said he, the last period of my life must 
certainly be at hand. At that very moment one rushed out of 
Donald Gauld's tent, crying out. Kill, and do not spare the 


MacEana ; which commands were instantly obeyed* MacEan 
fled for the space of a mile, but was overtaken by Mr Allan 
Morison, and killed by the Laird of Raisay. His son John was 
killed, together with a young son called Angus : in short, all 
of them that could be taken. This happened at a place called 
Craiganairgid. In the evening thereafter, Alexander of Kin- 
tyre observmg that the death of Donald's father was amply re- 
venged, because it was John of Ardnamurchan that apprehend* 
ed him ; but Donald Gauld said that his father's death was not 
yet fully revenged, while Alexander, who was equally guilty 
with John Brayach, was in life. Alexander hearing this, slipt 
away privately in the night time, and left them. Donald 
Gauld after this went to Tyree, and died in the Inch of Tein- 
lipeil, five weeks after he was proclaimed Lord of the Isles. 
Alexander of Kintyre and his two sons, one of whom wa* 
called John Cathanach, were afterwards by the King's orders 
hanged at the Borrowmuir, near Edinburgh, because, after 
the resignation of John of the Isles, they neither would take 
their rights from the King, nor deliver up to him those lands 
which Macdonald had in Isla and Kintyre. 



Note A. 

Tills MS. history of the Lords of the Isles, now for the first time printed, 
is a very favourable specimen of the productions of the ancient Sennachies. 
Full of traditionary anecdotes, both of public events and of the private 
history of families, in general wonderfully accurate, they furnish a curious 
addition to the history of the Scottish Highlands. The genealogical 
accounts of the various families contained in these MSS. is, however, 
frequently full of errors, principally intentional^ and arising from the 
prejudices and active partizanship of the Sennachy, who being always de- 
voted to one particular famihr^ shared his patron's animosity against the 
Clans with whom he was at feud, and his jealousy of the other families 
of his own Clan, between whom there existed a rivalry. The Sennachy 
seldom scrupled to subserve his patron's jealousies, by perverting the history 
of their families, and this he, in general, accomplished either by actually 
perverting the genealogy, or by an extensive bastardising of the heads of 
the family, probably proceeding upon a principle not unknown to the pre- 
sent day, that a fact, however notoriously false, if perseveringly asserted 
lor a certain length of time^ will at length be received as true. 

The writer of this MS. was a staunch adherent of the Slate family, 
and therefore his statements, with regard both to the Cl^ns with whom the 
Clan Donald were at feud, and to the rival branches of that great Clan, 
must be received with great caution. The bastardising of Dugall, reputed 
to be the progenitor of the Macdugalls, is a good illustration of the above 
remarks, for there is no doubt whatever that he was the eldest legitimate 
«on of Sommerled by his marriage with the daughter of Olave the Red. 

Note B. 
The Sennachy has here confounded the history of Angus More with 
that of his son Angus Ogg. It was Angus Ogg who was the active par- 
tizan of Bruc^ and consequently, the Alexander here mentioned was the 
son, and not the brother, of Angus More. 

NoteC. "' 

This Reginald is confounded with another Reginald, son of Roderic, 

son of Allan, son of Roderic, who was a son of Reginald, son of Som- 

merled. It was this littter Reginald who was slain at Perth, in 1346. 

The words, Armin of the Lord, are plainly miswritten for Armin or the 

Lord; see page 297. 
The name Angus has been, by an error of the press, omitted before the 

word Ogg, in the ^commencement of the sentence* 


The Gaelic word expressive of the men who held their lands iu factory, 
is evidently omitted after the word freeholders. 

Note E. 
The Donald who fought Inverlochy is here improperly confounded 
with another Donald Bamch, the son of John Mor of Isla. They were 


Note F. 
This is a mistake, for Gillespig was undoubtedly son of Alexander, 
Lord of the Isles, and brother of Austin, before mentioned. He waa 
likewise called Celestine and Archibald, under which latter name he is 
mentioned a few lines further on. 



( Concluded. ) 



£rp was a slave of Audur. He was the son of Meldun, an earl 
in Scotland, who was slain by Earl Sigurd the Rich. The 
mother of Erp was Myrgjol, the daughter of Gljomal, King of 

Ireland ; Sigurd Jarl took them prisoner and enslaved them. 

« • • • • • • 

Another son of Ottar's (son of Bjorn, son of Ketil Flatnose) 
was Helgi. He made war upon Scotland, and carried off 
prisoner Nidbjorga, the daugnter of King Bjolan, and of 
Kadlinar, daughter of Ganga Rolf. 





Earl Rognvald heard eastward in Norway the slaughter of 
his brother Sigurd, and that Vickings had taken possession of 
his lands both in Shetland and Orkney. Then sent he west- 
ward Halladr, his son, and King Harald gave him the title and 
dignity of an earl. Halladr had a great army, and when he came 


to Orkney he took possession of the lands, but in autumn and 
spring Vickin^ still ravaged the Islands. They made pro- 
montory plunders, and hewed strand-hewing, (drove the cattle 
of the country down to the shore, and slaughtered them for 
victualling their ships.) Then Earl Hallsulr got weary of 
occupying the Islands. He resigned the earl's dienity, and 
received a farmer's right, (contented himself with the rank of 
a farmer,) and then went back to Norway. Rognvald, his 
father, was ill pleased with his expedition, and said that his 
sons would be unlike to his parents. Einarr, one of his sons, 
thus answered his &ther: — I have little love of thee, and 
have grown up here in such small esteem, that I am but little 
sorry to lose it. It may be that I may elsewhere not less 
succeed to promotion than here. Now I will go west to the 
Islands, if thou wilt give me some aid. I shall promise thee 
that which will be to thee a matter of great joy, that I shall 
never come back to Norway. The earl's answer was, That I 
like well that thou comest not back. I have little hope that thy 
relations will have honour of thee, for all thy maternal kindred 
is thrall bom. The earl gave to Einarr one long ship, to- 
lerably well manned. Einarr sailed west in the autumn, but 
when he came to Orkney, he fought with the Vickings, who 
had settled in the Islands. He killed them, and then became 
Earl of the Islands. He became a great and wealthy chief- 
tain, (hof thing! .) 



The sons of King Harald Harfagre became men of great 
violence when they grew up. They deprived of life the kings, 
earls, or other rich men. One Spring they, viz. Haldan 
Haleggr, and Guthrodr Liomi, went with a great number of 
men northward to Maeri. They came on Earl Rognvald una- 
wares, broke down the house above him, set fire to it, and 
burnt him within with sixty men; then Guthrodr took pos- 
session of that domain which the earl had had before, and a 
little while after he reconciled himself with his father, and 
gave himself up to his power. Then King Harald gave to 
Thorer, the son of Earl Rognvald, the whole of his patrimony, 


an earFs title along with it, and married to him his daughter 
Olof, called the Year's Improver. Haldan took two long ships 
and manned them. He sailed westward over the sea immeai- 
ately after the burning of Earl Rognvald. Haldan came to the 
Orkneys unawares. Earl Einarr fled instantly out of the 
Islands^ and returned the same autumn on Haldan unawares, 
and the result was, that the earl took Haldan Hallegr's life, 
as is related in the Saga of the Earls of Orkney. Shortly 
after. King Harald went with his army westward to the Ork- 
neys, but when Earl Einarr heard that King Harald was come 
from the east, he went over to Nes, then the Earl sung this 
stanza : — 

Many a one becomes guilty of slaying sheep, 

Many a man with a fair beard, 

But I (am outlawed) from the Islands, 

For the Sovereign's young son's slaughter. 

Men say that I am in danger 

With the high-souled monarch, 

In Harald's shield a break 

I have hewed, that's undoubted. 

Then men and messages went between the king and the 
earl, and they reconciled themselves on that condition, that the 
Orkney men should pay to the king six merks in gold. The 
Bonde thought the pay too much. Einarr offered to the Bonde 
that he alone should pay this money, but that, in return, he 
should have all the allodial possessions in Orkney. The 
Bonde consented to this, and that the more readily, as all 
the poorer men had but small lands, while those who were 
wealthy said they would redeem their allodial possessions when 
they pleased. Then the earl paid all the money to the king. 
The king sailed in the autumn to Norway, and the Earl had 
after that all the allodial lands in Orkney all the time, until 
Earl Sifi;urd Lodverson returned the allodial lands to the Bonde. 
Earl Emarr governed Orkney a long time, and died of sick- 
ness. He had three sons ; one was called Arnkel, another 
Erlend, a third Thorfinn, the Skull-cleaver. The brothers, 
sons of Earl Einarr, Arnkel and Erlend, were killed in Eng- 
land with King Erick, the Bloody-axe, as was before written. 
But their brother Thorfinn was a long time Earl in Orkney. 
He was a great chieftain*, and unfriendly to war, and died of 
sickness. His sons were five ; Amfin, Havard, Liotr, Skuli, 
and Lodver. Amfin was married to Ragnhilda, a daughter of 
Eyrek, and Gunnhilda, as before was mentioned. Ragnhilda 
contrived the death of Earl Amfin, her husband, and went to 


marry Havard, his brother. Havard was a good chieftain, 
and prosperous. Earl Havard and Ragpihilda were not long to- 
gether before Ragnhilda incited the earl's sister's son, of the 
name of Einarr, who was called Kliningr, to kill Earl Havard. 
She promised to Einarr, if he did this, that he should become 
Earl over the Islands, and that she would marry him ; but 
when Einarr had killed the earl, Ragnhilda would not marry 
him, and said it was the greatest lie that she had been in any 
scheme as to the earl's death. Then Ragnhilda sent for 
another sister's son of Earl Havard ; he was called Einar the 
Hard-chopped. Ragnhilda requested him to avenge the earl's 
death, and offered him the same as she had ottered to the 
other before ; but when Einar the Hard-chopped had killed his 
relation, Ragnhilda would not marry him. Then she married 
Liotr, a brother of Havard and Amfin. Liotr became then 
Earl over the Islands, and a great chieftain. According to 
Ragnhilda's advice, he had Einar the Hard-chopped slain. 
Skuli, the brother of Earl Liotr, went up into Scotland, and 
the King of Scots gave him an earl's title. Earl Skuli went 
down to Katanes, and strengthened himself from thence, in 
respect of army; from thence Earl Skuli went out to Ork- 
ney, and fought for dominion with Earl Liotr, his brother, 
and was defeated. He fled over to Nes. Another battle they 
had in the glens on Katanes ; then Earl Skuli was slain, but 
Earl Liotr subjected under him the whole of Katanes. Earl 
Liotr was the greatest warrior. The last battle he had was 
with that Scottish Earl who was called Margbiodr, and Liotr 
had more than a half less army. But then Liotr advanced so 
boldly, that the Scots yielded before him, and the battle was 
short, ere they fled who wished to save their life. But many 
were slain. Earl Liotr got the victory, but received such 
wounds as brought him to nis end. Then Lodver, his brother, 
took the earldom of Orkney, and was a great chieftain. He 
was married to Edna, daughter of Kiarval, King of Ireland. 
Their son was Sigurd the Stout. Earl Lodver died of sick- 
ness, but Sigurd his son took the earldom after him. Sigurd 
became a rich earl, and wide landed. He kept with violence 
Katanes from the Scotch, and had every summer an army 
ready for service. He made war in the Sudreys, on Scot- 
land, and on Ireland. It was one summer that an earl, who was 
called Finlay, came down from Scotland with an overwhelm- 
ing army. Finlay marked out a battle-field to Earl Sigurd 
on Skida Myre, in Katanes, and fixed the day for the battle. 
Earl Sigurd drew an army together. The Orkneymen were 


not willing to fight against odds, for it has been said that there 
would not be less odds than seven Scotsmen against one of 
Sigurd's men. The Earl got then no assistance from Ork- 
ney before he restored to the Bonde their allodial lands in 
the Islands, in order to have assistance from them. Then 
Earl Sigurd went to battle with Finlay, and Sigurd got the 
victory, but the Bonde recovered their allodial possessions in 



Johnstone^s Edition* 

Earl Thorfinn had five sons ; one was called Havard the 
Prosperous ; another Lodver ; a third Liotr ; a fourth Skuli ; a 
fifth Arnfinn. Ragnhilda, the daughter of Eyrik, contrived 
her husband Arnfinn's death at Myrkhol in Katanes. But she 
married Havard the Prosperous, his brother. Havard took 
the earldom, and became a good chieftain, and prosperous. 
There was a man called Einar Kliningr ; he was Havard's 
sister's son, and a great chieftain. He had a great retinue ; 
and was engaged in warlike expeditions during summer. He 
received a banquet at Havard's ; and, during that banquet, 
Kagnild and Einar spoke much together. She said that such 
a man was well suited to be a chief, and much more fit for 
the earldom than Havard his relation ; and she said that that 
woman would be well married who had such a man. Einar 
requested her not to make such speeches ; said that he was the 
noblest man in the islands, and she quite well married. Ragn- 
hild answers, " Short will be my and Havard's cohabitation 
after this, and it is true that men will be found in the islands 
in whose eyes every thing will not appear big, (who will not 
shrink from venturing on bold achievements,) if you stand in 
your own light, so that you will not receive the dignity." By 
such persuasions, Einar's mind inclined to avarice and 
treason against his relation ; and they then agreed among 
themselves that he should slay the Earl, and that she should 
marry him : and, a while after, Einar prepared himself for 
that journey. But then said a soothsayer who accompanied 
him, ^' Do not this work to-day, but rather to-morrow, else 


the result will be slaughter of relations in your kindred." 
Einar did as if he heard not this. Havard was then at Steins- 
nes in Rossey. There took place the meeting and battle be- 
tween him and Havard, and it lasted not long ere the Earl 
was slain* The place is now called HavardsfieTd. And when 
these tidings spread, it was thought that Einar had become a 
base traitor by this work. Then Ragnhild would have no 
connection with him, and said it was nothing but a lie that 
she had made any promises. Then she sent for Einar the 
Hard-chopped ; he was a son of another sister of Havard. 
And when they met, she said it was a shame that he had such 
relations as would not avenge his death. She said that she 
would do any thing if the earl s death was avenged. " But that 
is manifest," says she, ^^ that that man will be most esteemed 
by all good men who avenges the earl's death. He too will 
have gained his dominions." Einar said, ^' It is said, lady, 
that you sometimes speak other things than you harbour in 
your mind, but he who does this work will likely have that in 
return, that you shall keep the dominions in subjection to 
him, and, along therewith, other things which will appear of 
no less importance." Thus they finished the conversation. 
After this, Einar the Hard-chopped attacked Einar Klining, 
(the Besmearer,) and killed him. But Ragnhild sent for Liotr 
their brother, and married him. Liotr took the earldom, and 
became a great chieftain. Einar the Hard-chopped had now 
killed his relative, but was not then nearer the earldom 
than before ; and he was now mightily ill pleased with his 
lot, and thus he wished to procure followers to himself, 
and attack the Islands with armed force. He found it difficult 
to procure men, because the Orkney men would serve the sons 
of Thorfinn the Scull-cleaver, and, a short time after. Earl 
Liotr had Einar the Hard-chopped slain. Skuli, the brother 
of Liotr, now went to Scotland, and received there an Earl's 
title from the King of Scots. Then he went over to Katanes 
and gathered an army there, and went from thence to the 
Islands, and contended there for dominion with his brother 
Liotr. Liotr gathered ah army and went out to meet Skuli, 
and got the greater number of followers. But when they 
met, Skuli would nothing but fight. A severe battle took 
place, and Liotr obtained the victory. But Skuli fled over to 
the Nes, and thither Ljiotr went pursuing him, and dwelt there 
a while, and got many men. And then Skuli rode down from 
Scotland with a great army which the King of Scots and Earl 
Magbiodr had given to him ; and the Scots were extremely 


ardent in the beginning of the battle. Liotr desired the men 
to protect themselves, and yet stand immoveable. But when 
the Scots could effect nothing, Liotr excited his men, and 
was himself the most eager ; and when it had thus gone a 
while, the line of the Scots broke, and after that they fled. 
But Skuli continued the battle ; yet at last he was slain. Earl 
Liotr then subjected to himself Katanes ; and then there were 
quarrels between the Scots and Earl Liotr, for the Scotch 
were ill pleased with their defeats. When Earl Liotr was in 
Katanes, Earl Magbiodr came from Scotland with a great 
army, and Earl Liotr and be met on Skida Myre in Katanes, 
and Earl Liotr had not so great an army ; yet Liotr went on 
with so much prowess that the Scotch yielded, and there was 
a battle ere they fled who wished to save their life, but many 
were wounded. Liotr returned with victory, but his army was 
much wounded. Earl Liotr had got a wound which brought 
him to his end. 


Lodver took the earldom after Liotr, and was a great chief- 
tain. He was married to Audur, the daughter of Kiarval, King 
of the Irish. Their son was Sigurd the Stout ; Lodver died 
of sickness, and was entombed in Hofn in Katanes. Sig^urd 
his son took the earldom after him, and became a great chief- 
tain, and wide landed. He kept Katanes by main force from 
the Scotch, and had every summer an army ready for service. 
He made war in the Sudreys, on Scotland, and on Ireland. 
It. happened one summer that Finlay, the Earl of Scots, 
marked out a battle field to Sigurd on Skida Myre on a cer- 
tain day. But Sigurd went to consult his mother ; she was 
wise in many things, (a magician.) The earl said there were 
no less odds than seven men against one. She answered, ^^ I 
would long have fostered Ihee in my wool-basket, if I had 
known that thou'wouldst live for ever, and fortune decides as 
to a man's life, and not circumstances^ It is better to die with 
honour than to live with dishonour. Receive a standard which 
I have made with my whole knowledge, and I expect it will 
be victorious to him before whom it is carried, but the bane of 
him who bears it." The standard was wrought with much 
manual art and exquisite elegance. It was made in likeness 
of a raven, and, when the wind blew on the standard, it ap- 
peared as if the raven was hastening on its flight. Earl Si- 



Sird got angry at the words of his mother, and restored to 
e Orkney men their allodial possessions for their assistance, 
and went to Earl Finlay on Skida Myre, and both arrayed 
their army. And, when the battle came to close quarters, the 
standard-bearer of Earl Sigurd was shot dead. The Earl 
called another man to bear the standard, and, when they had 
fought a while, he was killed. Three standard-bearers of the 
Earl were slain, but he got the victory ; and the Orkney men 
then received back their allodial possessions according to his 
promise, and he went to marry the daughter of Malcomi King 
of Scots. 





Now here begins the narrative that Grim and Helg;!, the 
sons of Nial, went from Iceland on the summer, when Inramd 
and his followers went abroad, and they were in the ship with 
Olaf Ketilson of Elda, and Bardi the White. They got so 
strong northern winds that they were driven southward m the 
sea, and so great darkness came over them that they knew not 
which way they went, and they had a long voyage ; then they 
came into great shallows, and they thought that they knew 
that that would be near land. The sons of Nial asked whether 
Bardi knew at all what lands they would be nearest. ^' There 
are many lands," says he, (possible,) ^' considering the storms 
which we have had, the Islands, Scotland, or Ireland/' Two 
nights after that, they saw lands on both sides, and a lar^e 
breaker within in the Fiord. They cast anchor outside the 
breaker. Then the tempest began to calm, and in the morn- 
ing it was calm. Then they saw thirteen ships coming out 
to them* Then said Bardi, ^' What counsel is now to be taken, 
for these men will attack us ?" Then they consulted whether 
they should defend themselves or eive themselves up. But, 
before they had determined, the Vikingr came up to them ; 
then each party asked the other's names, and who their rulers 


were. Then the chieftains of the merchants stated their 
names, and asked again who ruled over the other army. The 
one called himself Griotgardr, and the other Snaekolfr, 
sons of Moldan, from Dungalsbae in Scotland, relations of 
King Melkolf, King of Scots : " And we oflFer two conditions," 
says Griotgardr, " that you go on land, while we will take your 
money : the other is, that we will attack you, and kill every, 
man whom we get." Helgi answers, " The merchants wish to 
defend themselves." Then said th« merchants, " Speak, thou 
very miserable ! What defence shall we offer ? And money is 
less valuable than life." Grim then began to shout to the 
Vickingr, and prevented them from hearing the murmurs of 
the merchants. Bardi and Olaf said, " Think ye not that the 
Icelanders will scoff at your behaviour ? Rather take your 
arms and defend yourselves." 



The Vikingr shot at them, and then a battle commenced, 
and the merchants defended themselves well. Snaekolfr runs 
on Olaf, and thrusts him through with a spear. Grim thrusts 
at Snaekolfr with a spear, and with such force that he fell 
overboard. Then Helgi turned against them with Grim, and 
they drove down all the Vikingr ; and the sons of Nial were 
always where it was most needed. The Vikingr cried and 
requested the merchants to surrender. They said they would 
never surrender. In this moment they happened to look out 
towards the sea, and they saw vessels coming from the south- 
ward part of the promontory, and they were not fewer than ten. 
They rowed fast, and directed their course thitherward. 
There was in them shield on shield, but on that vessel which 
went foremost a man stood at the mast. He was in a silken 
jacket, and had a golden helmet, but the hair was both long 
and fair. This man had a gold-studded spear in his hand. 
He asked who have here such an equal play. Helgi an- 
nounced himself, and said, that against him were Griotgardr 
and Snaekolfr. ^^ But who are the captains ?" said he. Helgi 
answered, '^ Bardi the Black, who is still alivei but another is 
dead, who is called Olaf." " Are you Icelanders?" said he. 



" Certainly," said Helgi. He asked whose sons they were ; 
they told him. Then he recognised them, and said, " You are 
renowned men, both father and sons." " Who art thou ?" said 
Helgi. ^' My name is Kara, and I am the son of Solmund." 
" From whence comest thou ?" said Helgi. " From the Su- 
dreys." " Then thou hast arrived opportunely," said Helgi, "if 
thou wilt somewhat assist us." " Assist you as much as you 
need," said Kara ; " but what do you require?" " That you 
do attack them," said Helgi. Kari said that should be done. 
Then they attacked them, and a battle commenced a second 
time. But, when they had fought a while, Kari boarded the 
ship, and Snsekolfr turns against him, and hews at him. Kara 
leapt over a beam which lay across the ship backwards. Snse- 
kolfr hewed into the beam, so the sword quite sunk into it. 
Kara hewed at him, and the sword hit him on the shoulder, 
and it became so great a blow that he deft away the arm, 
and Snsekolir had instantly his death. Griotgard threw a spear 
at Kari. Kari saw it, and made a bound in the air, and the 
spear missed him. In that moment Helgi and Grim had 
joined Kari. Then Helri runs on Griotgard, and thrusts a 
sword through him, and that became his death. Then they 
went over all the ships. Along both boards the men then 
asked for quarter. They then gave quarter to all, but took 
all the money. After that they lay all the ships out under 
the islands. 



Earl Sigurd ruled over Orkney. He was the son of Lod- 
ver Thorfinnson the Skull-cleaver, the son of Torfeinar, the 
son of llognvald Earl of Maeri, the son of Eistein Glumru. 
Kari was a courtier of Earl Sigurd's, and had taken tribute of 
the Islands from Earl Gilli. Kari desired them now to go to 
Rossey, and said the earl would receive them well. They 
agreed to that, and went along with Kari, and came to Rossey. 
Kari accompanied them to meet the earl, and told what men 
they were. " How did they happen to meet thee ?" said the 
earl. " I found them," said Kari, " in the fiords of Scotland, 
and they were fighting with the sons of Earl Moldan, and de- 


fended themselves so well, that they usually threw themselves 
between the timbers, and were commonly there when the dan- 
ger was greatest. Now, I wish to request for them reception 
at court," *' You shall be the master of that," said the earl, 
'* you have taken so much in hand with them before." They 
then staid with the earl during the winter, and were much 
esteemed. In the latter part of the winter, Helgi was taciturn. 
The earl wondered what the cause might be, and asked why 
he was silent, and asked what he was thinking of, or do you 
not think it well here? " I like it well here," says Helgi. 
" What are you then thinking of?" says the earl. " Have you 
any domain to take care of in Scotland?" says Helgi. ^* It is 
likely that we think so," says the earl, ^^ but what about that?" 
Helgi says, " The Scotch must have killed your agent, and 
prevented all news, that none should pass over the Pentland 
Firth." The earl said, " Art thou a soothsaying man ?" He 
said that is not much tried. ^^ I shall increase thy honour," 
said the earl ; ** if this be so, else thou wilt suffer for it." " He 
is not a man of that kind," says Kari, *^ and he will tell the 
truth in this matter, for his father is a soothsayer." Then the 
earl sent men southward to Stromey, to Arnbot his agent. 
After that, Arnbot sent men southward, across the Pentland 
Firth, and there received news, and heard that Earl Hundi and 
Earl Melsnati had slain Havard of Threswick, brother-in-law 
to Earl Sigurd. Then Arnbot sent word to Earl Sigurd that 
he should come southward with a great army, and drive these 
earls from the territory. When the earl heard of this, he 
drew a vast army together of all the Islands. 



Then the earl went southward with the army, and Kari was 
along^ with him, and also the sons of Nial. They landed in 
Caithness. The earl had these rikis in Scotland, Ros and 
Moray, Sudrland and Dali. There they were met by men 
of these territories, who said that the earls were a short way 
from thence with a great army. Earl Sigurd then turned 
thitherward with his army. It is called Dungallsnip above 


which the meeting took place^ and it broke out in a great 
battle between them. The Scotch had allowed some part of 
the army to march loose, and it came in the open shields 
(from the side or behind) of the earl's men, and there was a 
great slaughter till the sons of Nial turned against them, and 
fought with them, and brought them to flight, then there was 
a severe battle. Helgi and his followers now passed the earl's 
standard, and fought well. Now Kari turns against Earl 
Melsnati. Melsnati threw a spear at Kari. Kari took it in 
his hand, and threw the spear again, and sent it through the 
earl. Then fled Earl Hundi, but they pursued the fugitives 
till they learned of Earl Melkolf that he dre^ an army to- 
gether in Dungallsbae, then the earl consulted his men, and 
all thought it would be best to return and not fight against so 
great a mainland army. Then they returned ; but when the 
earl came to Stroraey, they there divided the booty, and then 
he went northward to Rossey. The sons of Nial and Kari 
followed him. The earl made them a great banquet, and at 
that banquet the earl gave to Kari a good sword, and a gold 
studded s})ear, but to Helgi a golden ring and a tunic ; but to 
Grim a shield and sword. After that he made Grim and 
Helgi his courtiers, and thanked them for their prowess. 
They remained with the earl that winter and the summer till 
Kari went into an expedition ; they went along with him. 
They made war in many places during the summer, and were 
everywhere victorious. They fought against Godred, King 
of Man, and vanquished him, and then returned, and had got 
much money. They still remained this winter with the earl ; 
in the spring the sons of Nial begged leave to go to Norway. 
The earl said they might go where they pleased, and gave 
them a good ship and valiant followers. Kari said that he 
would this summer come to Norway with the tribute of Earl 
Hakon, and that they would then meet; and, finally, they 
made this agreement. Then the sons of Nial departed, and 
sailed to Norway, and landed northwardly in Dronteim. 





It is said that in the days of Harald Harfagre the Orkneys 
began to be inhabited, but formerly they were a den of pirates. 
The first earl in Orkney was called Sigurd. He was a son of 
Eystein Glumru, and brother to Rognvald, Earl of Maeri. 
After Sigurd, (ruled) Guttorm, his son, one winter. After 
him, Torfeinar, the son of Carl Rognvald, took the earldom, 
and was a long time earl, and a wealthy man. Halfdan, the 
Long-legged, son of Harald Harfagre, attacked Torfeinar, and 
drove him from the Orkneys. Einar returned, and then killed 
Rognvald (Halfdan) of the island. After that King Harald 
went with an army to Orkney. Einar fled then up on Scot- 
land. King Harald made the Orkney men swear him oaths, 
and all their allodial possessions. After that the earl and 
Harald reconciled themselves, and he became the king's man, 
and took land and fiefs of the king, but was not to pay tribute 
therefor, because the country was much exposed to warlike in- 
vasions. The earl paid to the king sixty merks of gold, then 
Harald made war on Scotland, as is stated in the Glumdrapa. 
After Torfeinar, his sons, Arnkell, Erlend, and Thorfinnr the 
Skull-cleaver, ruled over the land. In their days, Erik the 
Bloody-axe came from Norway, and the earls were then 
bound to assist him with military force. Arnkell and Erlend 
were killed on an expedition, but Thorfinnr ruled over the 
land, and lived to an old age ; his sons were Arnfin, Havardr, 
Lodver, Liotr, and Skuli; — their mother was Grelaugra, 
daughter of Earl Dungadr of Katanes; — her mother was 
Groa, a daughter of Thorstein the Red. In the days of 
Earl Thorfinnr, there came from Norway the sons of Erik the 
Bloody-axe, when they had fled from Earl Hakon . Then they 
did many violent deeds in the islands. Earl Thorfinnr died 
of sickness ; after him his sons ruled over the country, and 
there are great histories of them. Lodver lived longest of 
them, and then ruled the country alone; his son was Earl 
Sigurd the Stout ; he was wealthy, and a great warrior in his 
days. Olaf Tryggvason returned from a western expedition 
with his army, and landed in Orkney. He took captive Earl 


Siffurd in Rorvik, lying there before him in one ship. Kin^ 
Omf offered his life's redemption to the Earl if he snould re- 
ceive the right faith and baptism, and become his man, and 
propagate Christianity throughout all Orkney. King Olave 
took as hostage his son, who was called Hundi, or the Whelp; 
from thence Olaf went to Norway, and became king there, 
and Hundi was with him some winters, and died there ; but 
after that Earl Sigurd paid ne allegiance to King Olave. He 
went to marry the daughter of Melkolm, King of Scots ; and 
their sons were Earl Tborfinn the elder, Sumerled, Brusi, and 
Einar. Five winters after the slaughter of King Olaf, Trygg- 
vason. Earl Sigurd, went to Ireland. He put his elder sons 
over the land. Tborfinn he sent to Scotland to the King of 
Scots, his mother's father. In this expedition Earl Sigurd 
was killed in the battle of Brian. But when this news came 
to Orkney, his sons Sumarled, Brusi, and Einar, were made 
earls, and divided the lands between them in thirds^. Tbor- 
finn, the son of Sigurd, was then five winters old when his 
father was killed ; but when the earl's slaughter was reported 
to the King of Scots, the King of Scots gave to Tborfinn 
his relation ICatanes and Sutherland, and an earl's title along 
with it, and gave him men to rule the domain along with him. 
Earl Tborfinn was very precocious in his education, and in 
every improvement. He was a strong man, and ugly, and of 
great stature. When he grew up it was manifest that he was 
avaricious, harsh, and cruel and sagacious. The brothers, 
Einar and Brusi, were unlike each other in their temper. 
Brusi was a very peaceful man, and clever, eloquent, and had 
many friends. Einar was ^tern and taciturn, harsh, avaricious, 
and a great warrior. Sumarled resembled Brusi in his temper ; 
he was the oldest, and lived the shortest of the brothers: 
he died of sickness. After bis death Tborfinn claimed the 
part of the Orkneys. Because Tborfinn had Caithness, and 
Sutherland the domain which his father had had ; and Einar 
said that that was much more than a third of Orkney, and he 
would not allow any portion to 1 horfinn. But Brusi did not 
object to the division as far as he was concerned ; and I will 
not covet, says he, to have more land than that third which 
justly belongs to me; then Einar subjected to himself two 
parts of the islands. He became then a wealthy man, and 
had many followers; — he was often in expeditions during 
summers, and had great levies in the country. But as to gain 
after expeditions it was very different, (at different seasons. ) 
Then the Bonde became tired of this work ; but the earl con- 


tinned with violence all his imposts, and made it not safe for 
any man to contradict him. He was a man of the greatest 
violence* Then much scarcity arose in the islands by means 
of the labour and expense to which the B^nde were subjected. 
But in that part of the land which Brusi had there was 
peace and prosperity ; he was well liked by the Bonde. 

Now Thorfinn became a great chieftain, one of the largest 
men in point of stature, ugly of aspect, black haired, sharp 
featured, and somewhat tawny, and the most martial looking 
man ; he was a contentious man, and covetous both of money 
and dignity ; victorious and clever in battle, and a bold at- 
tacker. He was then five winters old when Malcolm, King 
of the Scots, his mother's father, gave him an earl's title, and 
Caithness to rule over ; but he was fourteen winters when he 
prepared maritime expeditions from his country, and made 
war on the domains of other princes. So says Arnold Jarla 

In the storm of the helmets 

The prince reduced the edge of the sword : 

Before he was fifteen winters old 

Boldlj' he went. 

He considered himself mature 

To protect tlie land. 

And to attack others. 

None under the canopy of heaven 

Is more bold than Einar's brother. 

Earl Thorfinn had great assistance from the King of Scots, 
and this much promoted his power in Orkney, that that as- 
sistance was so near him. The King of Scots died when the 
brothers had reconciled themselves. Then succeeded to the 
crown of Scotland Kali Hundason. He thought that Caith- 
ness belonged to him as well as to the former kings, and he 
would have tribute of it as of other places, but Earl Thorfinn 
thought that he had not too great an inheritance from his mo- 
ther's father, though he had Caithness, and he also thought 
that at an earlier period it was given to him, and he would 
therefore pay no tribute of it. Now from this arose great 
enmity, and the one made war ay^ainst the other. King Kali 
wished to put a chieftain in Caitnness, whose name was Mod- 
dan ; he was his sister's son, and he gave him an earl's title. 
Then Moddan rode down from Scotland, and strengthened 
himself as to forces in Sudrland. News of this reached Earl 
Thorfinn ; he drew, then an army together about Caithness. 


Then Thorkell Fostri came from the Orkneys with a great army 
to meet Earl Thorfinn, and they had then manifestly a greater 
army. When the Scots knew that Earl Thorfinn had a greater 
force they were slower in the invasion, and after that rode up 
into Scotland. Earl Thorfinn subjected to himself Sutherland 
and Ros, and made war far and wide in Scotland, and returned 
from thence again to Caithness. But Thorkell went out to 
the islands. The conscript forces returned home. The earl 
resirled in Caithness, in Dungalsbae, and had five long ships, 
and frequently inspected his forces to see that they were well 
manned. Moddan^ visited King Kali in Berrik, and told him 
of his unsuccessful journey. King Kali got very wroth that 
his territory was invaded. He instantly embarked, and had 
eleven long ships, and a great army, and took his course north-* 
wards along Scotland. He sent Moddan again to Katanes 
with a great army, and he rode through the Highlands in 
Scotland. It was intended that he should descend from 
thence, and that Thorfinn should be enclosed in the angle. 
Now, that is to be related of King Kali, that he did not stay 
till he came to Caithness, and then there was a short distance 
between him and Earl Thorfinn. Then Earl Thorfinn 
adopted this expedient, that he embarked in a ship and went 
out in the Pentland Firth, intending to go to Orkney, and 
there was a short space between them, and they saw the sails 
of King Kali when they sailed into the firth from the east and 
pursued them. Earl Thorfinn and his followers took their 
course eastward along the islands, and intended to reach Sand- 
-y/ jdck. He turned up eastward below Dyrnes, and sent word 
— to Thorkell that he should gather a force. Earl Thorfinn lay 

ofl^ Dyrnes, having arrived there late, but on the morrow when 
it was lightthey kn«w of nothing, ere King Kali rose upon them 
in eleven ships. Then there wore two conditions before their 
hands ; the one to run on land, and leave the ships to their 
enemies, and all the money ; the other to lay themselves 
against the king, and make fortune decide. Then Earl Thor- 
finn calls on his men, and bade them prepare their weapons, 
said he would not flee, desired them to row briskly, then both 
parties fastened their ships together. Earl Thorfinn did then 
greatly exhort his army, desired them to be brisk, and make 
the first attack very severe, said that few of the Scots would 
stand. This battle was both severe and long. So says Arnor 
Jarla Skald— 


I think that the warriors 

Of the land protecting prince 

Recognised again Kalli, 

Conspicuous by his armour, 

A little way east of Dyrnes. 

With a steadfast mind 

The flight shy warrior steered five barques 

Forward against the king's eleven galleys. 

The men joined their ships, observe, 
The army fell on the deck : 
The iron swam in the miserable blood 
Of the Scots : the boards were covered 
With it : — the bow-strings yield. 
The steel bit, the gore flowed. 
The dart flew — bright spear points were opposed 

(Behold) the leader's courage. 

Earl Thorfinn did now vehemently exhort his army, and 
there was a very severe battle. The Scotch did not make 
much stand before the mast on the king's ship. Then Earl 
Thorfinn leapt up behind on the quarter-deck, and for- 
ward on the ship, and fought most valiantly, and when 
he saw that the king's crew was thinned, he exhorted his 
men to come on board : and when King Kali saw that, he 
desired them to cut the joining ropes, and be off with all 
the ships as quick as possible ; and they took their oars and 
set off. Then Earl Thorfinn got boarding hooks on the king's 
ship. Then Thorfinn desired them to bring up the standard, 
and with it followed a great multitude of men. Then King 
Kali run off his ship with such men as still were standing, but 
the greatest part were fallen on that ship. King Kali leapt 
into another ship, and desired them to lay hold on their oars. 
Then the Scotch fled, but Thorfinn pursued them. 

King Kali rowed off southward to Breidafiord, and landed 
there, and gathered an army of new. Earl Thorfinn returned 
after the battle* Thorkell Fostri came to meet him, and had 
a great army. Then they sailed southward to Breidafiord, af- 
ter King Kali and his followers, and when they reached Scot- 
land, they commenced plundering. Then they were told that 
Earl Moddan was in Caithness in Thorsa, and had there a 
great army ; he had also sent to Ireland for forces, for he had 
there many relations and friends, and waited for those forces. 
Then they adopted this plan, that Thorkell went northward 
to Caithness with some part of the army, but Earl Thorfinn 
lay behind near Scotland, and plundered there. Thorkell went 


concealedly, for all the people in Caithness were true and faith- 
ful to him. There came no news of him before he arrived in 
Thurso, at night, and broke down the house on Earl Moddan, 
and brought nre to it. Moddan slept in an upper story ; he 
ran out, and as he leapt down from the beams of the upper 
story, Thorkell hewed with a sword after him, and it hit the 
neck, and took off the head. After that the men surrendered, 
but some escaped by flight. A great number of men were 
killed there, but quarter was given to some. Thorkell stayed 
there a short while ere he went to Breidafiord, and he had there 
with him all that army which he got on Caithness, and about 
Sutherland and about Ross, and there he met Earl Thorfinn in 
Moray, and told him what had taken place in his journey. The 
Earl thanked him for his work, and both of them lay therefor a 
time. Now we have to relate of King Kali, that he went up 
into Scotland, after the battle with Earl Thorfinn, and 
strengthened himself again as to forces. He drew an army 
together from the south of Scotland, from the west and from 
the east, and all the way from Satiri. Then there also came 
to meet him that force from Ireland which Earl Moddan had 
sent for. He sent then far and wide to chieftains for assist- 
ance, and brought all this army against Earl Thorfinn. Their 
meeting took place in Torfnes, south of Baefiord. There was 
a severe battle, and the Scotch had a greater army. Earl 
Thorfinn was in the foremost part of his division. He had a 
gilt helmet on his head, and was g^rt with a sword, a spear in 
his hand, and he hewed and cut on both sides. It has been 
related that he was the foremost of all his men. He attacked 
first there where the division of the Irish was. He was so 
vehement along with his followers, that they instantly gave 
way, and never got righted again. Then King Kali had his 
standard borne forward against Earl Thorfinn. Then there 
was a severe battle for a while, and the conclusion of it was, 
that the king fled ; but some say he was slain. So says Amor — 

The wolves bit (sword) reddened its edges 

In the place called Torfnes. 

A young ruler was the cause. 

This happened on a Monday, 

In this congress, south of Eckial, 

Tiie thin (well-sharpened) swords sung 

When the valiant prince fought 

Against the ruler of Skotland 

High bore the Shetland Lord 

His helmet in the psalm of spears 


Foremost in his division. 

The encreaser of terror, 

Reddened his spear point 

In the Irish. 

My liberal lord made use of his might 

Under his British shield. 

The relation of Lodver took 

Warriors captives. The 

Conflagration raged. 

Earl Thorfinn drove the fugitives all the way upon Scotland, 
and laid the land under him wherever he went, and all the way 
south to Fife, but sent Thorkell Fostri from him with some part 
of the army. But when the Scotch knew that the Earl had 
sent away from him some part of the army, those who before 
had submitted to him attacked him, and when Earl Thorfinn 
perceived their treachery, he gathered together his men and 
met them, then the Scotch were slower to attack, when they 
perceived the Earl was prepared. Earl Thorfinn immediately 
gave battle to the Scotch, when he met them, but they would 
not defend themselves, but fled immediately into deserts and 
woods, and when Earl Thorfinn had driven the fugitives away 
he gathers together his men, and says, that he will have the 
whole district to bum, because he wanted thus to pay the 
Scotch their treachery ; then the Earl's men went over ham- 
lets and farms, and burnt every where, so that not a cot re- 
mained. They killed such men as they found, but women and 
old men crept away into deserts and woods with howling and 
whining — some they whipt before them and made captives. 
So says Amor Jarla Skald — 

The dwellings were destroyed 
When he burnt (that day 
Peril was not wanting) 
As in a dry reed red fire, 
Sprung into the kingdom 
Of the Scotch. The slaughter 
Teaclier paid the men his 
Injuries, on one (summer) 
Three times they were overcome 
By the prince. 

After this, Earl Thorfinn went north along Scotland to his 
ships, and subdued the country wherever he went. Then he 
went north to Caithness, and resided there during the winter, 
but every summer after that he fitted out an expedition, and 
made war during the summer with his army. 



Earl Thorfinii held all his rikis till the day of his death, 
80 that it was said that he was the richest of all the Earls of 
Orkney. He was possessed of nine earldoms in Scotland, the 
whole of the Sudreys, and a large riki in Ireland. Earl 
Thorfinn was five winters old when Melkolf, King of Scotland, 
his mother's father, gave him the title of earl, and he was earl 
for seventy winters. He died .in the end of the reign of Ha- 
rald Sigurdson, and was buried in Christkirk, in Birgisheradi, 
which ne had caused to be built. He was much lamented in 
his own lands, but, in those lands which he had subjected to 
himself by conquest, the natives were no longer content under 
his government ; consequently, many rikis which theearl had 
subjected fell off, and their inhabitants sought the protection 
of those native chiefs who were territorially born to rule over 
them ; so that the loss arising from the death of Earl Thorfinn 
was quickly apparent. 


The sons of Earl Thorfinn now took the riki after him. 
Paul was the eldest, and likewise the wisest. They did not 
divide the lands between them, but were content to possess 
them without division. 

Ingibiorg, the mother of the earls, (and widow of Earl 
Thorfinn,) married Melkolf, King of Scotland, who was called 
Langhals. Their son was Dungad, King of Scotland, the 
father of William, who was a good man. His son was William 
the Noble, whom all the Scots wished to take for their king. 



Earl Thorfinn, son of Sigurd, was the most distinguished of 
all the earls in the Islands, and had the greatest riki of any 


Earl of Orkney ; he possessed Shetland and the Orkneys, the 
Sudreys ; he had likewise a great riki in Scotland and Ire- 
land. Thorfinn was a great warrior. He took the earldom 
when five winter:^ old, and remained in it sixty winters, and 
died in the latter days of Harald' Sigurdson. 




Now we have to commence where we left off, before that 
King Magnus prepared his journey from the country. He 
had along with him his son called Sigurd. Gisl Illugason 
went with the king, and many other distinguished men. He 
had both a large and a joyous army, and excellent ships. 
King Magnus went with that army westward over the sea, 
and first to Orkney. He took captive the Earls Paul and 
Erlend, and sent them both east to Norway, but left as a 
chieftain over the Islands his son Sigurd, and gave a counsel 
to him. Thorkell Hawar Skald says, that King Magnus 
went west over the sea. 

The victual provider of the wolves, 
Being bold, turned his journey 
Westward, (the king destroyed peace,) 
The sturdy keels broke the breakers. 

King Magnus had along with him from Orkney the sons of 
Earl Erlend, Magnus and Erling, and Hakon the son of Pal, 
and a great army besides. He went with his whole army to 
the Sudreys ; but, when he came there, he commenced plun- 
dering immediately, burnt the inhabited places, killed the 
people, and pillaged wherever he went. But the people of 
the country fled to various places, some up to Scotland, or 
into the Fiords, some southward to Satiri, or to Ireland ; some 
submitted to King Magnus, and received pardon. He first 
conquered Liodhus, and burnt the inhabited places there. 
After that, he made war on Ivist, and burnt there, and plun- 
dered all money. So says Bjorn the Crookhanded — 


The distress of the brooms (fire "7 

Played in the fig trees of Liodhus ; 

It mounted up to heaven ; 

Far and wide the people were driven to flight. 

The fire gushed out of the houses ; 

The liberal king went with the fire 

Over Ivist. The buendar (lairds) lost 

Life and property ; (the king) gained 

Much gold, (jslander of the sunbeams.) 

Then he made war on Skidi, and, after that, be gained the 
islands of Tyrvist and Myll. As Bjorn says — 

The decreaser of the vulture's hunger 

Made war on Skidi ; 

Within Tyrvist the cheerful wolf 

Reddened his tooth in many a wound. 

The Lord of Greenland made 

Many a maiden weep 

Southward in the islands. 

(The plunger down of the Scotch * 

Prospered highly. 

The people of Myll 

Ran till they were fatigued.) 

King Magnus came with his army to the Holy Island, and 
gave quarter and peace to all men that were there, and to the 
property of every oody. It has been said tbiat Kin^ Magnus 
opened the smaller church of KoUum-Killa, but old not go 
into it. He immediately locked the door, and said that no 
man should be so bold as to go in there, and that, church has 
never been opened since. Then King Magnus went with his 
army to Ua, made war there, and burnt. And, having won that 
country, hewent south to Satiri, (Kintyre,) and made war there 
on both countries, both upward on Scotland, and outward on 
Ireland. He went in a warlike manner all the way south to 
Man, and made war there as elsewhere. So says Bjorn — 

The valiant king bore far and wide 

The shields upon the plain 

Isle of Sandey. There 

Was smoke on Ila 

When the prince's men 

Were encreasing the conflagrations. 

The men's children of the nation of Satiri sunk 

Under the edges, and after 

That the improver of victory 

Contrived the slaugliter of the men of Man. 


The son of Godred, King of the Sudreys, was called Log- 
madr. Logmadr had been placed as guardian of the land in 
the Nordereys, but, when King Magnus came to the islands, 
and made war there, Logmadr iied hither and thither about 
the isles ; but ultimately the followers of King Magnus caught 
him, along with his ship's crew, as he was attempting to fly to 
Ireland. The king put him in irons, and had him watched, 
as Bjom says. 

Also Gisi lUugason mentions that King Magnus made war 
on the islands, and made Lagnaan captive, and liad him in his 
power. He sung — 

The terror of kings 
Took the ruler of Ivist 
Before Sky, but the Scotch 
Fled. The prosperous king 
Had King Logman among 
His aimy. 

After that, King Magnus went with his army to Britain, 
and laid himself in the sound of Anglesay. There he was 
met by a great army from Britain. This army was governed 
by two earls — Hugo the Modest, and Hugo the Stout. They 
were both of Welsh kindred. 

The earls immediately commenced battle, and there took 
place a severe onset ; so says Gisl, and glories in having been 
in this battle with King Magnus. In the beginning the Nor- 
wegians made a great shower of missile weapons. Hugo the 
MoMdest was completely clad in armour, nothing being unpro- 
tected on him but the eyes. King Magnus shot with a hand 
bow, as well as also another man of Hauli, who stood by him. 
They shot both at once at Hugo the Modest, and one of the 
darts struck the nose-guard of the helmet, and the nose-guard 
bent over to the other side ; so says Gisl. But the other shot 
hit the earl's eye, and it flew through the head, and out at the 
back of the head, and most men attributed this shot to the 
king, as Biorn says. And Thorkell Hawarskald, too, says 
clearly that King Magnus slew the earl ; although Gisl seems 
to point the other way in the poem just quoted. There wa: 
slam Earl Hugo the Modest, and a great army of the Britons ; 
because King^ Magnus shot with great vehemence, and his 
whole army fought most valiantly, as Gisl says. Then all 
the Britons fled who still survived, and King Magnus got a 
great victory in this battle. He got then possession of An- 
glesay, being as far south as any Norwegian King had con- 


quered before. Anglesay is the third part of Britain, (Wales.) 
After this battle, King Magnus returned with his army, and 
went first to Scotland, then men interceded between Malcolm 
King of Scots and him, and they made a reconciliation be- 
tween them in that manner, that King Magnus should get 
possession of all the Islands to the west of Scotland, between 
which and the Mainland a helm-carrying ship could pass. King 
Magnus brought his ships up to the south of Satiri, then he 
had a small ship drawn across the ridge Satiri, and the helm 
laid across in its proper order. The king himself sat down in the 
poop, and took hold of the helm ball, and thus he got posses- 
sion of all the country lying on the larboard side. Satiri is a 
great country, and better than any island of the Sudreys, Man 
excepted. There is a narrow sandy ridge between it and Scot- 
land, so that ships are often drawn across it. King Magnus 
went from thence to the Sudreys, but sent his men into the 
Fiords of Scotland, and made them row in along the one coast 
and out along the other, and thus got possession of all the 
islands west of Scotland, both inhabited and uninhabited. 
There were then along with King Magnus many feifed men 
of Norway, who had followed him the summer before from the 
east. But when King Magnus cape to the Sudreys in the 
autumn, he announced to the army that he would reside there 
during the winter, but allowed those to return home whom he 
considered to have more necessary causes. But when the 
army knew of this, they murmured much about their absence, 
and became home sick. The king then had conversation 
with his council, and inspected the wounds of the people. 
Then he also came to Kali, and a^ed about his wounds ; he 
said they were not much healing, and said he did not know 
what the end would be. The king asked his advice. Kali 
said. Is not that the case now, my lord, that a greater number 
of your friends are going off than you have given leave ? The 
king said, bethought that was not the case. Kali then desired 
him to have a muster, and review his army. The king did 
so, and then he missed many men, and told Kali. Then Kali 
sung — 

What is the reason that the people desert thee ? 

The King — 

In distributing my wealth among this people, 
I have made a bad use of it. 

After that. King Magnus watched that the men should not 
dart away from him. Gisl mentions, that those men sailed 


eastward to Norway in the autumn, to whom King Magnus 
had given leave to go home. 

King Magnus obtained for the hand of Sigurd his son 
Biadmoryo, the daughter of Myriarkark Thialvason^ King ot 
Connaught in Ireland. Sigurd was then nine years, but the 
maiden five years. That same winter, when King Magnus 
was in the Sudreys, Kali died of his wounds. Early in the 
spring, the king went from the Sudreys first to Orkney, then 
be heard from the east of Norway of the death of the earls. 
Earl Erlend had died at Nidaws, (Dronteim,) and was buried 
there, but Paul in Bergen. Then the king, as compensation 
for the loss of his father, married Gunnhild, the daughter of 
Erlend, to Kol the son of Kali, and as a dowry she got pos- 
sessions in Orkney, and a farm in Papay* At the bridal 
feast, Kol became King Magnus' feifed man, as his father had 
been. Then he went east to Norway with the king, and hence 
to Agver with his wife, and settled at his farms* King Mag- 
nus made his son Sigurd ruler of all those domains which he 
had gained to the west of the sea, and gave him a king's title ; 
but King Magnus went in the summer eastward to Norway 
with all his army. 

It is said that when King Magnus came from his western 
expedition, that he adopted those manners in dress which were 
in use in the western countries, and likewise many of his fol- 
lowers, that they went about bare-legged, having short kyrtles, 
and also upper garments, and thence many men called him 
Bare-legged or Bare-foot, (synonymous.) 



William, the King of Scots, heard that the Earl Harald wad 
killed, and along with that. Earl Harald Madadarson had sub- 
jected to himself the whole of Caithness, without consulting 
him. The King of Scots became very wroth at this, and 
sent men to the Hebrides to Rognvald, the son of Godrid, 
King of the Hebrides. The mother of Godrid was Ingibiorg, 
the daughter ot Earl Hakon Palson. King Rognvald was 
then the greatest warrior in the western lands. There were 
three winters that he lay in ships of war, so that he entered 


noi nnder a sooty beam. When this message came to Rogn- 
vald, he gathered an army from the whole kingdom of the 
Hebrides, and from Satin. He had also a great army 
from Ireland. Then he went northward to Csdthness, and 
subjected to himself all the country, and dwelt there a while. 
Earl Harald remained in the Orkneys, and heeded not the 
king's movements ; but as the winter advanced, King Rognvald 
prepared to go home to his kingdom in the Hebrides. He 
left behind on Caithness three commissioners; one of them 
was Mauri, the son of Olaf ; Rafn, the lawman ; Hlifolfr the 
AUi the third was called. A little after, when King Rogn- 
vald went to Sudrey, Earl Harald sent a man over to the Nes, 
and said that he would think his errand good if he could slay 
one or two of the commissioners. This man was brought over 
the Pentland Frith. He went till he found Rafh the law- 
man, and Rafn asked whither he was going ? He said few 
words of that. Rafn then said, I see on thee that Harald has 
sent thee for some evil hither on the Nes ; but I cannot bring 
myself to have thee killed, because thou art my relation. 
Thus they parted, and he went away from thence to Hlifolfr, 
and this was the result of their intercourse, that he slew Hlifolfr. 
Then he went away out to the Orkney Islands to find the Earl 
Harald, and told him what he had done. 


Harald prepared himself now to leave the Orkneys, and 
when he was quite ready, he went first northward to Thurso, 
and there disembarked. A bishop was in the borg at Skara 
Volstad, and when they saw the army of the Earl Harald, 
the men of Caithness saw that he had so great an army that 
they could by no means withstand him. They were told that 
the Earl was in such an evil state, that it was uncertain what 
he would be at. Then the bishop spoke and said, If our trans- 
actions go well on, he will give you peace. All was done as 
the bishop prescribed. Harald rushed from the ships up ta 
the borg. The bishop went to meet the earl, and received 
him with kind words, but their transactions went on so that 
the Earl Harald had the bishop taken, and his tongue cut out, 
and then he ordered a knife to be stuck into his eyes, and had 
him blinded. Ihe bishop John invoked the Virgin Saint 
Trodlheima during his torments. Then he went up on a hill 
when they set him at liberty. There was a woman on the 


hill, and the bishop desired her to help him* She saw that blood 
fell from his face, and said, Be quiet, my lord, for I will will- 
ingly help you. The bishop was brought to that place where 
Saint TroUheina rests. There the bishop got recovery both 
of his speech and sight. Then Harald went up to the borg, 
aftd they immediately surrendered it in his power. He pun- 
ished the men severely, and heavily fined those of whom he 
thought that they had been most treacherous against him, and 
then he took oaths of subjection of all the Caithnes3 men, 
whether they liked or not. Then he subjected to himself all 
those possessions which those commissioners had had, which 
were gone over to the King of Scotch. Then Harald resided 
on Caithness with many people. 


Now, we have to relate of the commissioners. They went 
six together up in Scotland, and found there the king in the 
winter about advent. They told distinctly what had taken 
place at Caithness in Earl Harald*s expedition. The king 
became very wroth, but said that he would pay twice over to 
those who had suifered any loss. The first day they were with 
the King of Scots, he ordered twenty-five ells of cloth be given 
to each of them, and, moreover, a mark English for their pocket 
money to each of them. They remained with the King of 
Scots past Christmas, hospitably treated; but, immediately after 
Christmas, the King of Scots sent word to all chieftains in his 
kingdom, and gathered together a vast army to march down 
to Caithness against Earl Harald. The King of Scots had 
a great army, and marched till he came to Eysteins-dal, there 
are the boundaries of Caithness and Sutherland. The camp 
of the King of Scots stretched along the valleys, and that is 
a very long road. The Earl Harald was on Caithness when 
be heard this news. He immediately gathered an army, and 
it is said that he got six thousand men, and yet he could by no 
means make any resistance to fight with the King of Scots. 
Then he sent men to the King of Scots to treat for reconcili- 
ation between them. But, when that was brought before the 
king, he said they needed not treat of reconciliation, unless he 
had every fourth penny of Caithness, of all that there was in 
the country. But, when this message came to Earl Harald, 
he called to a conference with himself the men of the country, 
and other chieftains, and sought counsel from them ; but, in. 


asmuch as they saw they had no means, they accepted tbeir 
tenns of reconciliation, that the men of Caithness should pay 
one-fourth of all their property to the King of Scotland, ex- 
cept those men who had gone to seek the king in the winter. 
Earl Harald went out to Orkney, and he was to give up the 
whole of Caithness which he had had before, but Earl HaraM 
the Young was to hold it as a fief of the King of Scotch. In 
these quarrels, Thorfinn, the son of Earl Harald, had been 
blinded. He had been received as a hostage by the King of 
Scotch. After their treaty the Idng went to Scotland. Earl 
Harald was now alone chieftain in Orkney. It was late in 
the days of Earl Harald that Olaf his brother-in-law, and John 
the son of Halkell, gathered forces from Orkney, and went 
eastward to Norway against King Sverer. They made King 
Sigurd, the son of King Magnus. Erlingson, with this army, 
joined many of the noblest bom men in Orkney. It was a 
very strong army. They were for a while called Islanders 
and Golden Legs. They f<>ught at Floravagr against King 
Sverer, and were defeated. There were killed both John and 
Olaf, as also their king and the greatest part of the army. 
After this, King Sverer became very hostile to Harald, and 
accused him of being the cause of the forces being raised. At 
last. Earl Harald went from the west, and the Bishop Biarne 
along with him. The earl gave himself into the power of 
King Sverer, and made him alone decide and determine be- 
tween them. Then King Sverer judged that Earl Harald 
should give up the whole of Shetland, with taxes and dues, 
and the Earls of Orkney have never had it since. Earl Ha- 
rald was five winters old when he got the title of an earl. He 
was twenty winters earl in company with Earl Rognvald the 
Saint. After the slaughter of Earl Rognvald, Earl Harald 
was earl in Orkney forty-eight winters. He died in the se- 
cond year of the reign of King Ingi Baurdarson. After Earl 
Harald, his sons John and David succeeded to him. Heinrek 
his son possesses Ros in Scotland. These have been the most 
powerful of the Earls of Orkney, by the account of these men 
who made relations of it. Among them is named Sigurd the 
son of Eystein ; Earl Thorfinn, the son of Sigurd ; Earl Ha- 
rald Madadarson ; the brothers John and David both ruled 
over the lands after their father, till David died of a disease, in 
the same year as Hakon the Mad died in Norway. Then 
John took the title of an earl over all the islands. 







When Bishop John died in Caithness, whom the Earl Ha- 
raid had mutilated, there was made bishop in his place one 
called Adam, whose descent nobody knew, for the child had 
been found at the door of some church. The men of Caith- 
ness thought him rather hard in his episcopal government, and 
chiefly attributed that to a monk who was with him. It was 
an ancient custom that the bishop should have a spann of 
butter of twenty cows. This every proprietor on Caithness 
was to pay. — He more who had more cows, and less he who 
had fewer, and every one was to pay according to the propor- 
tion of the number.-*~But Bishop Adam wanted to increase 
the impost, and have a spann of nfteen cows. And that being 
obtained, he would have it of twelve cows ; and this too being 
granted, he would have it of ten cows. But that all men 
thought monstrous. Then the men of Caithness went to Earl 
John. He was then on Caithness, and they complained of 
this before the earl. He said that he would not meddle with 
this. He said that it was not difficult, that there lay two evil 
conditions before them, that this was intolerable. But, as to 
the other, he would not state it. Then the Bishop Adam was 
in the high church in Thorsdale, but the Earl John was a 
short way oflf from thence. The men of Caithness held then 
a meeting on a mountain above the farm where the bishop was. 
Rafn the lawman was along with the bishop, and requested 
him ather to yield a little to the people, and said he was other- 
wise afraid how matters would end. The bishop requested 
him to be cheerful, and said that the bonde would moderate 
themselves. Then message was sent to Earl John, and he 
requested that he would reconcile the bishop and the people. 
But the earl would have nothing to do with it. Then the 
bonde run down from the mountain greatly excited, and when 
Rafn the lawman saw this, he requested the bishop to take 


some measure for his own safety. The bishop and his follow*- 
era were drinking in an upper apartment, and when the 
bonde came to the upper apartment, the monk came out to 
the door, and he was immediately hewn across the countenance, 
and fell dead into the room ; and, when this was told to the 
bishop, he said this was not done sooner than might be ex- 
pected, for he commonly gave ill advice in our transactions. 
Then the bishop desired Rafn to say to the bonde that he 
would make peace with them, and this being told to them, all 
the wiser men among them rejoiced at it. Then the bishop 
went out, intending to make peace with them. But, when 
the worst men, who were the most furious, saw this, they took 
bishop Adam, and brought him to a small house, and put fire 
to it, but the house burnt so fast that those who wanted to 
save the bishop could not accomplish it. Then bishop Adam 
died, and his body was not much burnt when it was found. 
Then the body received an honourable interment, and suitable 
preparation. Then those men who had especially been the 
bishop's friends sent messengers to the Kin^ of Scots. The 
King of Scots was Alexander, the son of Saint William. But 
the king was so displeased at these tidings, that the persecu- 
tions which he made, after the burning of the bishop, in mu- 
tilations, and slaughter, and confiscations, and outlawries from 
the country, have been long recollected. And now we cannot 
more distinctly relate the transactions concerning the Earls of 
Orkney than we have here done. 




2. Gaelic MS. written circa A.D. 1450 continued. 

Since the Extracts from this MS. were printed in the first numher 
of the Collectanea^ (page 50,) the Editor has been enabled, by 
means of a chemical process, to restore the writing which was so 
much decayed as to be in many parts illegible. He has again gone 
carefully over the whole MS. and has thus been enabled to correct 
a few names which had been erroneously read, to fill up many 
blanks, and to add a whole column which had been from the above 
cause entirely omitted. To the Genealogies in the First Part the 
Editor now makes the following corrections smd additions. 

— fi -^ ?;} p" ^^^ ^*g« ^*™^^*- 

52, — 17, pro M*Neill lege Mc Gillroida quo clann 

Gillcamsroin aeus Clann Maelanfaig o fulled. Clann . • • . 
• . . • i. Clann Maelanfaig • • • . sroin ic Gillaanfaig ic Gilla- 
niardun og ic Gilla • • • • ic Gillamartan moir ic Gilla cam- 


Son of GlUroid, from whom descended the Clan Cameron 

and Clan Millonoy. The Clan or children of Millo- 

noy of Stron, son of Gillony, son of Martan og, son of 

son of Martan mor, son of Gilla Cameron. 

Page 52, line 18, pro Gillamartan, &c. lege Eogan ic Gil- 
lapoil mc Eacada mc Gartnaid ic Digail ic Pauilac mc Art ic 
Angus moir ic Ere ic Telt. 


Ewen son of Paul, son of Eacada, son of Gartnaid, son of 
Digail, son of Pauilac, son of Arthur, son of Angus mor, son 
of Etc son Telt. 

Page 53, line 3, pro " of Cowall,*' lege " the one-eyed lad." 

^line 19, pro " MacMillans," lege " Clan Millo- 
noy." 1 


Page 54, line 23, pro " Gille " lege « Gillanaemh.'' 

Page 54, liue 28, dele *Mc " 

Page 56, line 1, pro " Gallaam . . .*' lege *' Gillaamardrias." 

Page 56, line 3, pro " Nicail ic Nicail," lege " Nicail ic 

Column 5th omitted in the First Part, but now decyphered. 

Mc renabarta in gamor McEodgar ic Gillandres 

ic Eatgar mc Ath. 

Clann on ieerne Betain ic Ubusan ic Conor ic • • . . ic • • • . 
ic Becir .i. R^ugaillain* mc Gillpadruig ic Cormaig ic Gille- 

padruig ic Barru ic Eogan ic Arailt ic mc . • • • . ic 

Murecfaach ic • . . • Mc Eogan ic Lanisai mc Tremoit mc . • • • 
ic • . . . ic Maine ic He. 

• • • . mc Cuirc^ Ion mc Baltair ic • • . . llanus ic Murechacli 
mc Amlaim og mc Amiaim moir mc Marias Atair Mailduin 
mc Maine ic Cuirc ic Luit mc Oillila ic Fiach mc Enadritor 
me Modha Nuadhat. 

Genelach Clann Ladus Robert ic ic Eoin ic 

Gillacolm ic mc Gilleasp ic Ferchair mc Dunsleibe ic 

Buirc ic Anradan ic Gilleabeirt rig eilan Sidir ic Moredag ic 

ic Domnaill ic Jamar. a. r. mc Martan Donn mc Neill- 

gusa Aberice. 

Genelach ic Gillemaoil Gillecolm mc Gillecolm moir ic 

mc Eoin mc Gillchrist mc ..••.. mc Cormac 

mc Girbertaigh. 

Genelach ic Gillalament Murechach ic Fearchair mc Coll 
me ic Murechach ic Fearchar mor mc Donch ic Nicail mc 
Gillaagam mor o fuilid Clann mc Cormac mc Oiii>ertaigh. 

Do Genelach Clann Gilleain * Lacblan ic Eon ic . . • . mc 
Maelsig mc Gilleain mc Icrait ic Suan ic Neill ic Domlig i. 
Ablesanid Sanobi mc Ruingr mc Sean Dubgall Airlir mc 
Fearchar Abr. mc Feradach ic . • . • mc Neachtain mc Colman 
mc Buadan, &c. 



Son of ... . called .... sonof Eadgar, son of Andrew, son 
of Eadgar, son of Ath. 

Clan Beaton, son of Ubusan, son of Conor, son of 

son of ... . son of the Vicar or Votary, son of Pjitrick, 

son of Cormac, son of Patrick, son of Barru, son of Ewen, 
son of Harold, son of ... . son of ... . son of Murdoch, son 
of ... . son of Ewen, son of Lanisai, son of Tremoit, son of 
. . : . • son of ... • son of Maine, son of He. 

(The Genealogy of) the son of Core, John son of Walter, son 
of (Fleance ?) son of Murdoch, son of Aulay Og, son of Aulay 
mor, son of Marius the father of Maelduin, son of Maine, 
son of Core, son of Luit, son of Oillila, son of Fiach, son of 
Enadritor, son of Modha Kuadhat. 

Genealogy of the Clan Robert son of ... . son of 

John, son of Malcolm, son of ... . son of Gillespie, son of 
Ferehard, son of Dunsleve, son of Burc, son of Henry, son of 
Gilbert king of the Western Isles, (Isles of the Sudreys^) son 
of Murdoch, son of ... . son of Donald^ son of Ivor, from 
whom the Clan is named, son of Martin the Brown, son of 
Neillgusa of Lochaber. 

Genealogy of the MacMillans — Malcolm son of Malcolm 
mor, son of . . . • son of John . • . .son of Gillchrist, son of 
.... son of Cormac, son of Oirbertaigh. 

Genealogy of the Lamonds — Murdoch son of Ferchard, son 
of Coll, grandson of Murdoch, son of Ferchard mor, son of Dun- 
can, son of l^icail, son of GiUaagam mor, from whom descend 
the Clan Ilwam, son of Cormac, son of Oirbertaigh. 

Genealogy of the Macleans — Lachlan son of John, son of 
«... son of Maelsig, son of Gilleain, son of Icrath, son of 
Suan, son of Neill, son of Domlig, son of Ruingr, son of Old 
Dugall, son of Ferchard, son of Feradach, son of ... . son. of 
Neachtan, son of Colman, son of Buadan, &c. 

Page 56, line 22, post ^^ marie" lege Donald ic. 

line 27, pro « Bean" lege « B." 
Page 57, line 27, after " Duncan" add, " brother-german 

2 A 



of Donald, son of Malcolm, son of Du- 
gall/' &c. 

line 34, instead of '' Bean" read '* B." 

3. Gaelic MS. written cirea a. d. 1560, penes Highland Society 

of Scotland. 

Genealach. mac Cailin Gillespie mac Cailin anann mac 
Gillespie mac Cailin mac Gillespie mac Donch anaeha mac 
Cailin mac Gillespie ruoidh mac Cailin oig mac Neill mac 
Cailin moir mac Gillespie mac Dubgaill mac Gillespie mac 
Donch mac Gillacolum mac Duibne mac Feradcng^ mac 
Smerbi mac Artuir mac Ambrois mac Considin mac Amgcel 
mac Toisid mac Conmuic mac Considin mac Artuir na 1 • . . . 
mac Larnailin mac Toisid mac Artuir laimdearg mac Ben- 
briot mac Artuir mac Allairdaid mac Artuir. h. e. mac Lam- 
doid mac Fionlug mac Artuir oig mac Firmara mac Artuir 
moir mac Banebriot mac Briotus mac Briotain a quo Braodn 
mac Fergusa leith dearg mac Nemid mac Adnamuin mac 
Fergusa mac Seara mac Sru mac Esiru mac Gaidil .g. mac 
Niuil mac Feniusa mac Bataid mac Ibenataid mac Gomier 
mac Jafet mic Nae mic Laimiac mic Maisailin mic Enog mic 
laret mic Maililiac mic Cainien mic Enos mic Set mic Adaim 
mic De. 


Genealogy of MacColin (Campbell) Gillespie son of Colin 
son of Gillespie son of Colin son of Gillespie son of Duncan the 
Fortunate son of Colin son of Gillespie the Red, son of Colin 
Og son of Neill son of Colin Mor son of Gillespie son of 
I>ugall son of Gillespie son of Duncan son of Maleolm son of 
Duino son of Feradach son of Mervin son of Arthur son of 
Ambrose son of Constantine son of Amgcel, son of Toirid son 
of Conrouc son of Constantine son of Arthur son of Larnallan 
son of Toisid son of Arthur of the red hand son of Benbriot 
son of Arthur son of Allardaid son of Arthur son of Lamdoid 
son of Finlay son of Arthur og* son of Firmara son of Arthur 
Moir son of Banebriot son of Britus son of Briotan from whom 
descend the Britons son of Fergus of the red side son of Ne- 
medius son of Adnamuin son of Fergus son of Seara son of 
Sru son of Esru son of Gathelus son of Niuil son of Fenius 
son of Bataid son of Ibenataid son of Gomer son of Jafeth son 



of Noah son of Lamecb son of Maisailin son of Enoch son of 
Jaret son of Maililac son of Canaan son of Enos son of Sedi 
son of Adam son of God. 

Genealach macleod anso mic Leod 

o. r. mic Oloir mic Oib mic Olmoir mie lamar oig mic Sin 
lamar mic Sgoinne sg. 1. mic Jamar atacHat mic Cbnnia mic 
Conaill CI. dearg mic Ceallach mic Mardoid re. r. in. mic 1. 
mic Ceallach Catluanaid mic Cuilinah mic Conla mic Dearg* 
dian Sgotheg mic Manuis oig mic Mangnus na luingi-l. mic 
Mangnus aire ise ro gab. iiii mic Macam in leomar mic Jamar 
uallach mic Dergi mic Arailt mic Jamar nan breatal mic Ubaid 
mic Arailt mic Aspuig mic Ceallach mic Conla mic Lamus 
mic Lungbaird mic Lamus mic Loclan mic Arailt mic Laigh 
laidare o. r. Clann 1. mic Fergusa leit dearg. 


The genealogy of Macleod* son of 

Leod from whom the Clan is named son of Oloir son of Oib 
son of Olmoir son of Ivor og son of old Ivor son of Sgoinne 
son of Ivor of Dublin son of Connla son of Conaill of me red 
sword son of Ceallach son of Mardoid son of Ceallach the 
warrior son of Cuilinan son of Connla son of Deargdian son of 
Manus og son of Magnus of the ships son of Magnus son of 
Macam son of Ivor the expert son of Dergi son of Harald 
son of Ivor son of Ubaid son of Harold son of Aspuig son of 
Cellach son of Conla son of Lamus son of Lungbaird son of 
Lamus son of Lachlan son of Harold son of Lai^ the Strong 
from whom are named the Clann Laigh son of Fergus of the 
red side. 


^ The Gaelic name " Clann Maelanfaig" was in the first part errone- 
ously translated MacMillans. They are^ in fact, the Camerons, of whom 
the Sept of the Camerons of Strone were always known in Gaelic as the 
Siol ic Maolonoy, or ic Gillonoy. 

' Moiigaillan, the Editor takes to he derived from the old Gaelic word 
Moldgeallad, a vow. This clan, it is to he presumed, are the Mac Vicars 
of Argyllshire. 

• This is the most singular genealogy of all those recovered by the 
chemical process from the MS. It is the old traditionary genealo^ of 
the Stewarts, whom the Sennachies brought from a certain Core Mac- 
Luit, king of Munster, in Ireland. 

632 NOTES. 

* This genealogy of the Macleans agrees pretty exactly with the old 
genealogy of that Clan preserved by the Beatons, their hereditary Sea- 
nachies, with this exception, that, in place of the ** Maelsig" of the MS., 
they have Malcolm ; and this chief was probably known under both 
names, as we find in the Records, Anno 1296, a Malcolm Macallan in 
possession of lands in Kintyre. 

This genealogy, it will be observed, commences with Lachlan, the 
progenitor of the Dowart family, and thus proves the seniority of this 
branch over that of Lochbuy, descended from a brother of Lachlan. 
The MS. having been written during the lifetime of the two brothers, it 
may be held as settling this question. 

* This genealogy appears to have contained the names of Leod's de- 
scendants for six generations ; but they have been carefully erased from 
the MS., probably by some partizan of the head of that branch of the 
Clan whose pretensions to the seniority it overthrew. 









Elected June 2, 1834. 

Lieutenant-General The Right Hon. Sir GEORGE 

William Forbes Skene, Treasurer, 46, Moray Place, 

Donald Gregory, General Secretary, 10, Ainslie Place, 

John Morison, Resident Oaelic Secretary, 27, Elder 

Street, Edinburgh. 


Archibald McNeill, Esquire. 
James Robertson, Esquire. 
Robert Pitcairn, Esquire. 

The Rev. Norman Macleod, D.D. 

The Rev. Thomas Ross, LL.D. 

The Rev. Macintosh Mackay, LL.D. 




The objects of the Ion a Club are, to investigate and 
illustrate the History, Antiquities, and early Literature 
of the Highlands of Scotland; — and the manner 
in which it is proposed to accomplish these objects, 
will be best understood by perusing the Miscellany 
printed and circulated by the Club, under the title of 
Collectanea de Rebus Alhanicis. The intention of the 
gentlemen who, in 1833, united to form this associa- 
tion, was to supply an hiatus in the Historical Litera- 
ture of Scotland, which had long been observed and 
regretted; and, at the same time, to bring together, in 
one work, all the documents illustrative of Highland 
History, as a necessaiy step towards substituting an 
authentic history of this interesting portion of Scot- 
land, and of the literature, manners, and character of 
its inhabitants, for the fables and errors which have so 
long prevailed on these subjects. The support which 
the Club has already met with, upon a bare statement 


of its views, proves that these intentions were properly 
appreciated, and that nothing was wanting to secure 
the success which the promoters of this association so 
confidently anticipate, except the commencement of 
the Collectanea^ in such a manner as to point out to 
the members how much might be done in every thing 
connected with the past history of the Highlands — shew- 
ing them, at the same time, how each might best con- 
tribute to carry into eflEect the general objects, for the 
prosecution of which the Club was instituted. This 
has now been done by the circulation of the First Part 
of the Collectanea de Reims Alhanicisy the perusal of 
which will doubtless suggest to many of the Members 
sources of information which may be of use to the 
Club. This work will be continued half-yearly, and 
many materials have already been collected for this 
purpose. The Committee will, notwithstanding, feel 
obliged by the communication of additional materials, 
as weU as of remarks relative to obscure passages, words, 
&c., occurring in the Collectanea; but they beg, that 
where assertions as to matters of fact are made, they 
may be supported by a reference to good authority, 
as it is their fixed determination to admit nothing 
apocryphal into the Collectanea. 

The portion of the works of the Club, entitled the 
Transactions, will be devoted to brief dissertations 
and illustrative observations, arising out of the docu- 
ments printed in the Collectanea; to extracts from, 
and remarks upon, various family histories, and similar 


works of secondary authority, but still containing many 
curious facts connected with the Highlands ; and to 
short statements of the public business of the Club* 

The first general meeting of the Club was held 
upon Saturday the 25th day of May 1833, when His 
Grace the Duke of Argyll was elected President 
of the Club, the other ofl&ce-bearers were named, and 
a number of Members admitted. 

In order to celebrate the institution of the Club, a 
meeting was held in the Island of Iona, upon the 
7th day of September 1833. This meeting excited 
great interest in the Highlands, and was numerously 
attended, both by the members and by strangers, anx- 
ious to learn the objects of the Club. Many new 
members were admitted, and there can be no doubt 
that the meeting in Iona has done much to forward 
the views of the Club. Permission having been ob- 
tained from His Grace the President to make such 
excavations in the Island as the Club might deem ne- 
cessary, a search was made in the ancient cemetery 
called Eelig Oran, for such tomb-stones as might in 
the process of time have been concealed by the accu- 
mulation of rubbish. The result of these operations 
was, that a considerable number of finely-carved tomb- 
stones was brought to view, which none of the inha- 
bitants had ever before seen. These have now been 
placed on the surface of the cemetery. Several of 
them bear inscriptions, which, although not at present 
very legible, may ultimately be deciphered, and give 
some useful information. Measures were at the same 


time taken, with success, for getting rid of the abuse 
of erecting modem headstones among the ancient 
tombs in this most interesting spot. The excavations 
made by the Club have also proved the fallacy of a 
notion, generally entertained, that there were subter- 
raneous vaults or chambers in that part of the ceme- 
tery where the tombs of the Kings are situated. The 
Committee think it proper to state that their attention 
will always be directed, in an especial manner, to the 
preservation and illustration of the numerous interest- 
ing relics of antiquity still to be found in lona. 

The second general meeting of the Club was held 
at Edinburgh, upon the 27th day of January 1834, 
when the Most Noble the Marquis of Northampton 
was elected one of the Vice-Presidents, in room of the 
late Sir William Macleod Bannatyne. Several new 
Members were at the same time admitted. 

The third general meeting of the Club was held at 
Edinburgh, upon the 2d day of June 1834, when 
Robert Pitcairn, Esquire, was elected a councillor, in 
room of Cosmo Innes, Esquire, who went out of oflfice 
by rotation : and several new Members were admitted. 

At this meeting an honorary diploma was conferred 
upon Patrick Eraser Tytler, Esquire, F.R.S.K 
and RS.A. Scot, the author of a History of Scot- 
land, now in progress, being the first work of the kind 
in which the History of the Highlands has been as- 
signed a place, at all commensurate to the importance 
of the subject. 

The Committee are happy to have it in their power 



to announee to the members of the loNA Club, that 
the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland has most 
liberally offered the use of its spacious hall in the 
building of the Royal Institution, Edinburgh, for the 
two half-yearly meetings of the Club. 

All communications connected with the Collectanea 
are to be addressed to Mr. Gregory, the Secretary, 
10, Ainslie Place, Edinburgh; and the Committee 
particularly request that such communications be for- 
warded /ree of expense. 

The Committee think it proper to draw the at- 
tention of Highlanders, and those interested in the 
Highlands, to the fact, that the circulation of works 
printed by the Club will necessarily be confined to the 
MemherSy as no copies are to be printed for sale. 
Those gentlemen, therefore, who may wish to possess 
themselves of these works can only do so by becoming 
Members of the Club, which is not limited as to num- 

• Part n. of the Collectanea will be circulated in 
January 1835. It is intended in this Part to com- 
mence a series of Contracts of Friendship^ with Bonds 
of Maintenance and Manrent A very considerable 
collection of these curious documents has already been 
made, to which the Members and others are requested 
to add such specimens as may have come to their 
knowledge, either by allowing inspection of the ori- 
ginal deeds themselves, or by transmitting to the 
Secretary accurate copies of them. 


The foUowing is an abstract of tiie principal Bbgxt- 
LATIONS of the Club : — 

I. The Club is called the Iona Club, in comme- 
moration of the Monastery of Iona, the ancient seat of 
Scottish learning. 

II. There are two general meetings of the Club 
in the year; one during the session of the General 
Assembly, the other in the end of December. The 
election of Members shall take place at these general 
meetings, or at special meetings called for the purpose. 
Candidates for election must be recommended, in 
writing, by two members of the Club, and shall then 
be balloted for, the approval of three-fourths of the 
Members present being necessary to the admission of 
a candidate. 

III. The entry-money payable by Ordinary Mem- 
hers is fixed at One Guinea, payable on admission ; 
and the annual subscription at One Guinea, payable 
on the 1st of December annually, for the preceding 
year. Each Member not generally residing in Edin- 
burgh must name an agent there, to whom application 
may be made for his subscription as it falls due ; and 
if the treasurer report that any member has failed to 
pay his yearly subscription, such Member shall forfeit 
all his privileges until his arrear is paid up. 


IV. The ofl&ce-bearers of the Club are a Presi- 
dent, three Vice-Presidents, a General Secretary, a 
Graelic Secretary, a Treasurer, and three Council- 
lors, making in all a Committee of ten, who have 
the entire management of the aflfairs of the Club, sub- 
ject to the approval of the general meeting ; and the 
Minute-Book of this Committee shall at all times be 
open to the inspection of Members. The first of the 
Councillors goes out of office annually, and is not eli- 
gible again for a year. The election to supply the 
place of the Councillor, who goes out by rotation, 
takes place at the general meeting of the Club held 
during the session of the General Assembly, annually. 

V. Besides the Ordinary Members, from whom 
alone the office-bearers are to be selected, there has 
been formed a class of Members, denominated Asso- 
ciateSy and consisting exclusively of the Clergy, em- 
bracing, however, those of every denomination and 
rank in Scotland. The Associates are entitled to all 
the privileges of Ordinary Members (except the hold- 
ing of offices in the Club), upon payment of an annual 
subscription of Half -a- Guinea ; and are not charged 
with the payment of entry-money. 

VI. The entry-money and annual subscription pay- 
able by an Ordinary Member may be compounded 
for by a single payment of £10, 10s., and the annual 
subscription payable by an Associate may be com- 


pounded for by a payment of £5, 5s. If the compo- 
sition is eflFected at any time before the expiry of the 
fifth year, the previous payments are to be included, 
but not otherwise. 

VII. There has likewise been formed a class of 
Honorary Members^ comprehending ladie# of rank 
and influence representing Highland families, or who 
take a warm interest in the Highlands. These ladies 
are admitted Honorary Members, upon being recom- 
mended by a majority of the Committee, without the 
usual formalities of an election by ballot; and the 
Club is to present to each a copy of its Collectanea^ 
as the work proceeds. 


A Gommittee having been appointed, at the last OeTieral 
Meeting, to consider of an appropriate Seax and Motto for 
the Club, the Members of the Committee are desirous, be- 
fore reporting on the subject, to inspect authentic impressions 
of the Seals, both of the Abbot of lona and of the Bishop 
of the Isles. — The communication of both or either of these 
Seals, which are to be looked for among old charters of church 
lands in the Isles, will confer a favour on the Com/tnittee* 







Argyll, His Grace George William, Duke of 
Aynsworth, James, of ClanTnagherry, 

Bannattne, Sir William Macleod, Whiteford HousCy Edinr* 

Campbell, Sir Duncan, of Barcaldine, Bart. 

Campbell, Sir Robert, Bart., Director, E.I.C. 

Callander, James Henry, of Graigforth and Ardkinlass, M.P. 

Cameron, Ewen Alexander, Edinburgh, 

Campbell, Alexander, of Monzie, 

Campbell, Donald, of Dunstaffnage, 

Campbell, James Archibald, of Inverawe. 

Campbell, John, younger of Airds, 

Campbell, John, of Otter, 

Campbell, John Archibald, W.S., Edinburgh, 

Campbell, Richard, of Auchinbreck, 

* Died in 1833, 


Campbell, Walter Frederick, of Iday. 
Campbell, William, Inverary. 
Chambers, Robert, Edinburgh. 
Chisholm, Alexander William, of Chiaholm, 
Colquhoun, Robert G., of FvncasUe, 

Downie, Robert, of Appin. 
Dundafi, David, younger of Dwni/ra. 
Duncan, W. J., Qldsgow. 

Elphinston£, The Honourable Mountstuart 
Ewing, James, M.P. 

Forbes, Sir Charles, of New and Edinglaaaie, Bart 

Forbes, Sir John Stuart, of Pitaligo and Fettercaim, Bart. 

Farquharson, James, younger of Invercauld. 

Finlay, Kirkman, of Toward Castle, 

Forbes, Charles, of Kingerloch. 

Forbes, George, Fitzroy Square^ London, 

Forbes, John, 15, Harley Street, London. 

Gordon, His Grace George, Duke of, G.C.B. 
Graham, The Right Hon. Lord Montague William 
Grant, Sir James, Portohello. 
Gregorson, John, of Ardtomish. 

Gregory, Donald, Joint Sec. to the Antiquaries of Scotland 

Hill, D. 0., Sec. Scottish Academy, Edinburgh. 
Hunter, John, of Haften. 

Innes, Cosmo, Advocate, Edinburgh. 

Izett, Chambers, lats of Kinnairdy Edinburgh. 

Laing, David, Edinburgh. 

Lament, Neill, S.S.C, Edinburgh. 

Leith, Alexander Wellesley, Advocate, Edinburgh, 


Leslie, John G., Edinburgh. 
Loch, James, M.P. 

Macdonald, The Right Honourable Godfrey William, Lord 

Mackenzie, The Right Honourable Holt 

MACOBEaoR, Colonel Sir R J. Murray, of Macgregor, Bart., 

Murray, Lieut.-Gen. The Right Hon. Sir G., G.C.B., M.P. 
Macallan, James, W.S., Edinburgh. 
Macdonald, Ranald, of Staffa, Principal Secretary to the 

Highland Society of Scotland. 
Macdonald, Reginald George, of Clanranald. 
Macdonnell, Lieutenant-Colonel, EdJmburgh. 
Macdougall, Allan, W.S., Edinbv/rgh. 
Macdougall, Captain, of Macdougall, R.N. 
Macdowall, William, of Oarthla/nd. 
Macgregor, J. A. Bannatyne, younger of Macgregor. 
Macintyre, Captain Angus, late 41st Regiment. 
Mackenzie, Captain A. W., Ed/i/nburgh. 
Mackenzie, James Alexander Stewart, of Seaforth, M.P. 
Mackenzie, John Whitefoord, W.S., Edinburgh. 
Mackenzie, Roderick, W.S., Edinburgh. 
Mackenzie, Sutherland, Edinburgh. 
Mackenzie, Captain William, Edinburgh. 
Mackillop, James, London. 

Mackinlay, John, Collector of Customs^ Borrowsto'ness, 
Mackintosh, iEneas, younger of Mackintosh. 
Macneil, Lieutenant-Colonel Roderick, of Barra. 
Macneill, Captain Alexander, younger of Collonaay, 
Macneill, Archibald, W.S., Edmbwrgh. 
Macneill, Duncan, Advocate, Sheriff of Perthshire. 
Macneill, Forbes, H.E.I.C.S. 
Macneill, John, of CoUonsay. 
Macneill, Lachlan, of DrimdHasaig. 
Macniven, Major T. W, O. 
Macpherson, Ewen, of CUiny Ma^herson. 
Macrae, John, Edinbwrgk. 


Moray, James, of Abercaimey. 
MorisoD, John, Solicitor, Edinburgh, 
Maclaine, Major, Royal Regiment 
Maclean, Hugh, youDger of Coll. 
Munro, Major George Gun, of Poyntzjield, 

Northampton, The Most Noble Charles, Marquis of 

Obde, Sir John P. of Kilmorey, Bart. 
Oliphwit, J. B,, of Odsk 

Pender, Thomas, Edinburgh. 
Pitcaim, Robert, W.S., Edimbv/rgh, 
Ponsonby, "William, of KUcooly, Co. Kilkenny, 

BlBDELL, Sir James Milles, of Ardn^m/firchan, Bart. 
Robertson, Captain James A., Sid Regiment. 
Robertson, James, Solicitor, Ed/inburgh. 
Ross, Captain Horatio, of Rosaie, M.P. 

Stewart, Sir John A. of OrandtuUy, Bart. 
Sutherland, His Grace George Granville, Duke of, K,G.* 
Sceales, Adolphus M., Leith. 
Shaw, Lieut. Claudius, h. p. RA. Edinburgh. 
Shortrede, Andrew, Edinburgh. 
Simson, Alexander, Solicitor, Leith. 
Sinclair, Alexander, 133, George Street, Edivhurgh. 
Skene, Andrew, Advocate. 
Skene, Lieut-CoL WilUam, H.E.I.C.S. 
Skene, William Forbes, Joint Sec. to the Antiquaries of Scot- 
land, Edinburgh. 
Stewart, Charles, of Balachvlish. 
Stewart, Duncan, Edinburgh. 
Stewart, John, of Fasnadoich. 
Stuart, John, of Belladrum. 

* Died in 1883. 


Traill, George, younger of Ratter, M.P. 
Trevelyan, Walter Calverley, younger of WaZlington, Nor- 
TumbuU, W. B. D. D., Advocate, Edinburgh, 

WiLLOUGHBY D'Eresby and GwYDiR, The Right Hon. P. 

Drummond Burrell, Lord 
Webster, George, Solicitor, Westminster, 


Anderson, Rev. Alexander, Carinish, 

Baird, The Very 'Rev. George H., D.D. Principal of the 

University of Edinburgh, 
Buchanan, The Rev. Hamilton, Edinbv/rgh, 
Buchanan, The Rev. Thomas, of Logierait 

Campbell, The Rev. Donald, of Kilfmichen: 
Campbell, The Rev. Dougall Neill, of lona. 

Goldie, The Rev. Thomas Smith, of Coldstream. 

Hughes, The Rev. Jas. Henry, St John's Chapel, Edinburgh. 

Irvine, The Rev. Alexander R, of Foss. 

Kelly, The Rev. Daniel, of Cam/pbelltown. 
Kennedy, Rev. Alexander, of Jura and Collonsay. 

MaccoU, The Rev. Alexander C, Paisley. 
Macdonald, The Rev. Robert, of Forti/ngall. 
Mackay, The Rev. Mackintosh, of Dunoon, LL.D. 
Maclaine, The Rev. Angus, of Ardnamurcha/n. 
Macleod, The Rev. Norman, of Cam/psie, D.D. 
Macleod, The Rev. John, of Morvem. 


M'Galman, Rev. Hugh, GoUansay- 
M'Alpine, Neil, Student of Divinity, Islay. 
Monro, James, Schoolmaster, Carradale, KijUyre. 
M'Murchy, Rev. Mr, Preacher of the Gospel. 

Boss, The Rev. Thomas, of Loehbroam, LL.D. 


Sutherland, Her Grace Elizabeth, Duchess Dowager of 
Hastings, The Most Noble Flora, Marchioness Dowager of 
WiLLOUGHBT D'Eresbt and GwYDlR, The Right Hon, 

Clementina, Lady 
Mackenzie, The Hon. Mrs Stewart, of Seaforth. 
Fabquhabson, Mrs, of InvercavJd. 
Maclean, Mrs Clephane,.o/2\>r{o{6A;. 

Tytler, Patrick Eraser, F.R.S.E., F.S.A. Scot., &c. &c. 




(Continued from p, \&.) 

A Meeting of the Club was held at Fortwilliam upon 
Wednesday the 27th day of August 1834, when a num- 
ber of new members were admitted ; and the Commit- 
tee have much pleasure in stating, that the objects of 
the Club seem to be duly appreciated in that part of 
the Highlands of which Fortwilliam is the centre. 

The Fourth General Meeting of the Club was held at 
Edinburgh upon the 1st day of June 1835, when seve- 
ral new members were admitted. At this meeting, a 
Committee, consisting of Dr Macleod, Mr A. Macneill, 
Mr Skene, Mr Morison, Mr Robertson, Mr Laing, 
and the Secretary, was appointed to make all the ne- 
cessary enquiries, and to report on the propriety of 
publishing an edition of the select works of the best 
Gaelic Bards, with illustrative notes, under the aus- 
pices of the Club. It is obvious that, for compiling a 
work of this nature, the Club possesses advantages 
which are beyond the reach of any individual collector ; 
and as such an edition of Gaelic poetry is still a desi- 

dei dtum in our national literature, the Committee con- 



fidently anticipate that, with the assistance of the mem- 
bers of the Club, and of those who are friendly to the 
objects of the institution, this deficiency may be, ere 
long, supplied in a manner gratifying to every High- 
lander. Communications on this subject may be ad- 
dressed to any member of the Committee. 

The Secretary having reported that Part II. of the 
Collectanea de Rebus Albanicis was now ready for cir- 
culation, and that Part III. was at press, and would Jbe 
ready for circulation about midsummer, it was unani- 
mously resolved that the works printed for the Club 
should now and in future be presented to the Libraries 
of a certain number of public Institutions in Great 
Britain and Ireland, and likewise to the Royal Society 
of Antiquaries of the North at Copenhagen. A list 
of the Institutions with which it was proposed that the 
Club should enter into correspondence was then read 
over and approved of, and the Secretary was directed 
to communicate the works printed for the Club to the 
Secretaries or Librarians of these bodies, and to re- 

The following is a List of the Members of the Club 
in June 1835: 




JUNE 1835. 


Argyll, His Grace George William, Duke of 
Aynsworth, James, of Clanmagherry. 

Campbell, Sir Duncan, of BarcaJdine^ Bart. 

Campbell, Sir John, Bart., of Airds and Ardnamurchan^ 

Callander, James Henry, of Craigforth and Ardkinlass. 

Cameron, Ewen Alexander, Edinburgh. 

Cameron, Donald, Strone^ Fortwillitinu 

Campbell, Alexander, ofMonzie. 

Campbell, Donald, Captain of Dunstajffhage. 

Campbell, James Archibald, oflnverawe. 

Campbell, John Archibald, W.S., Edinburgh. 

Campbell, Richard, of Auchinbreck. 

Campbell, Walter Frederick, oflslayj M.P. 

Campbell, William, Inverary. 

Chambers, Robert, Edinburgh, 

Chisholm, Alexander William, ofChisholm, M.P, 

Colquhoun, Robert G. ofFincastle. 

Downie, Robert, ofAppin, 


Dundas, David, younger ofDunira. 
Duncan, W. J., Glasgow. 

Elphinstone, the Honourable Mountstuart 
Ewing, James, of Dunoon. 

Forbes, Sir Charles, of New and Edinglassie^ Bart. 

Forbes, Sir John Stuart, ofPitsligo and Fettercairn^ Bart. 

Farquharson, James, younger of InvercauM. 

Finlay, Kirkman, of Toward Castle. 

Forbes, Charles, of Kingerloch. 

Forbes, George, Fitzroy Square^ London. 

Forbes, John, 15, Harley Street^ London. 

Gordon, His Grace George, Duke of, G.C.B. 
Graham, the Right Hon. Lord Montague William 
Grant, Sir James, Portobello. 
Gregorson, John, of Ardtornish. 

Gregory, Donald, Joint Sec. to the Antiquaries of Scotland, 

Hill, D. O., Sec. Scottish Academy, Edinburgh. 
Hunter, John, of Haften. 

Innes, Cosmo, Advocate, Edinburgh. 

Izett, Chambers, late of Kinnaird, Edinburgh. 

Lindsay, the Right Honourable Lord 

Laing, David, Sec. to the Bannatyne Club, Edinburgh. 

Lamont, Neill, S.S.C. Edinburgh. 

Leith, Alexander Wellesley, Advocate, Edinburgh. 

Leslie, John G., Edinburgh. 

Loch, James, M.P. 

Mac DONALD, the Right Honourable Godfrey William, Lord 
Macgregor, Colonel Sir E. J. Murray, ofMacgregor, Bart., 


Mackenzie, the Right Honourable Holt 

Murray, Lieut.-Gen. the Right Hon. Sir G., G.C.B. 

Macallan, James, W.S., Edinburgh. 

Macdonald, Reginald George, ofClanranaM. 

Maedonald, Angus, of Glenaladale. 

Maedonnell, Lieutenant-Colonel, Edinburgh. 

Maedonnell, Captain John, Killichonate^ Forttvilliam. 

Maedonnell, Angus, Inch^ FortvnlUam. 

Macdougall, Allan, W.S., Edinburgh. 

Macdougall, Captain, of Macdougall^ R,N. 

Maedowall, William, of Garthland. 

Maegregor, J. A. Bannatyne, younger ofMacgregor. 

Maegregor, James, Fortunlliam. 

Maeintyre, Captain Angus, late 4 1st Regiment. 

Macinroy, James, ofLude. 

Mackenzie, Captain A. W., Edinburgh. 

Mackenzie, James Alexander Stewart, of Seaforth^ M.P. 

Mackenzie, John Whitefoord, W.S., Edinburgh. 

Mackenzie, Roderick, W.S., Edinburgh. 

Mackenzie, Sutherland, Edinburgh. 

Mackenzie, Captain William, Duddingston. 

Mackillop, James, London. 

Mackinlay, John, Collector of Customs, Borrowsto'ness. 

Mackintosh, ^neas, younger of Mackintosh. 

Maclaine, Major, Royal Regiment. 

Maclean, Hugh, of Coll. 

Macneil, Lieutenant-Colonel Roderick, ofBarra. 

Macneill, Captain Alexander, younger ofCollonsay. 

Macneill, Archibald, W.S., Edinburgh. 

Macneill, Duncan, Advocate, 

MacneiU, Forbes, H.E.LC.S 

Macneill, John, of Collonsay. 

Macneill, Lachlan, of Drimdrissaig. 

Macneill, Malcolm, Lossit^ Islay. 

Macniven, Major T. W. O. 

Macpherson, Ewen, of Cluny Macpherson. 

Macrae, John, Edinburgh. 


Moray, James, ofAbercaimey. 
Morison, John, Solicitor, Edinburgh. 
Monro, Major George Gun, of Poyntzfield. 

Northampton, the Most Noble Charles, Marquis of 

Orde, Sir John P. of Kilmorey^ Bart. 
Oliphant, J. B., of Gash. 

Patrick, William, W.S., Edinburgh. 
Pender, Thomas, Edinburgh. 
Pitcaim, Robert, W.S., Edinburgh. 
Ponsonby, William, of Kilcooly^ Co. Kilkenny. 

RiDDELL, Sir James Milles, of Ardnamurchan^ Bart. 

Robertson, Captain James A., 82ef Regiment. 

Robertson, James, Solicitor, Edinburgh. 

Ross, Captain Horatio, ofRossie. 

Ross, Lieut.- Col. David, H.E.I.C.S., Tiemadrish. 

Reid, John, Glasgow. 

Stewart, Sir John Drummond of Grandtully^ Bart. 

Sutherland, His Grace George Granville Leveson Gower, 
Duke of 

Sceales, Adolphus M., Leith. 

Seton, Ranald Macdonald, of Staffa and Touchy Honorary 
Secretary to the EBghland Society of Scotland. 

Shaw, Lieut. Claudius, h. p. R.A., Edinburgh. 

Shortrede, Andrew, Edinburgh. 

Simson, Alexander, Solicitor, Leith. 

Sinclair, Alexander, Edinburgh. 

Skene, Lieut.-Col. WiUiam, H.E.LC.S. 

Skene, William Forbes, Joint Sec. to the Antiquaries of Scot- 
land, Edinburgh. 

Smith, John, youngest, Sec. to the Maitland Club, Glasgow* 

Stewart, Charles, of Balachulish. 

Stewart, Duncan, Edinburgh. 



Stewart, John, of Fdsnacloich. 
Stewart, Captain Roljert, ArdsheaL 
Stuart, John, o/Belladrum. 

Traill, George, younger of Matter. 

Trevelyan, Walter Calverley, younger of WalUngton^ Nor^- 

TumbuU, W, B. D. D., Advocate, Edinburgh^ 
Tasistro, Count Fitzgerald. 

WiLLouGHBY D'Eresby aijd GwYDiR, the Hight Hon. P. 

Drummond Burrell, Lord 
Webster, George, Solicitor, Westminster. 


Anderson, the Rev. Alexander, Carinish. 

Baird, the Very Rev. George H., D.D. Principal of the 

University of Edinburgh. 
Buchanan, the Rev. Thomas, ofLogierait. 

Campbell, the Rev. Donald, of Kiljinichen. 

Campbell, the Rev. Dougall NeUl, ofKilmore. 

Goldie, the Rev. Thomas Smith, cf Coldstream^ 

Hughes, the Rev. Jas. Henry, Magdalen College^ Oxford. 

Irvine, the Rev. iUexander R., ofFoss. 

Kelly, the Rev. Daniel, of Campbelltown. 

Kennedy, the Rev. Alexander, of Jura and Collonsay. 

Maccoll, the Rev. Alexander C, Paisley. 
Macdonald, the Rev. Robert of Fortingall. 


Madntyre, the Rev. John ofKilmanivaig. 
Mackay, the Rev. Mackintosh, LL.D^ of Dunoon, 
Maelaine, the Rev. Angus of Ardnamurchan. 
Maeleod, the Rev. John, ofMoroem, 
Macleod, the Rev. Norman, D.D. of Catnpsie. 
M^ Alpine, Neil, Student of Divinity, Islay, 
M^Calman, the Rev. Hugh, CoUonsay. 
M*Murehy, the Rev. Mr, Preacher of the Gospel. 
Monro, James, Schoolmaster, Carradale, Kintyre. 

Ross, the Rev. Thomas, LL.D. of Lochbroomj 


Sutherland, Her Grace Elizabeth, Duchess Countess of 
Hastings, the Most Noble Flora, Marchioness Dowager of, 

and Countess of Loudoun. 
Surrey, the Right Hon. Charlotte, Countess of 
WiLLouGHBY D'Eresby and GwYDiR, the Right Hon. 

Clementina, Lady 
Mackenzie, the Hon. Mrs Stewart, of Seaforth. 
!^RQUHARSON, Mrs, of Invcrcauld, 
Maclean, Mrs Clephaue, of Torhisk. 


Tytler, Patrick Eraser, F.R.S,E., F.S.A. Scot., &c. &c. 

Notices of the Highland Dress and Armour, collected 
from variotis sources, and arranged for the Trans- 
actions of the lona Clvh. 

No peculiarity of the Scottish Highlanders has been 
the subject of so much controversy as their dress. It 
is not at present intended to enter into a detail of the 
opinions that have been at different times expressed 
on this subject, as it is conceived that, to enable the 
enquirer to come to a satisfactory conclusion, the best 
method is first to place before him, in juxtaposition 
and in chronological order, the various descriptions of 
the costume of the Highlanders, which can be gathered 
from books or manuscripts. To these will be added 
the descriptions of their armour, defensive and offen- 
sive, which it would be difficult in most cases to sepa- 
rate from the former. When this series of authorities is 
brought to an end, it will be followed by a brief Dis- 
sertation on the Dress and Armour of the Highlanders, 
for which it will serve as a foundation. 

The earliest allusion to the Highland dress which 
the Editor has met with is in Magnus Berfaet's Saga 
(the history of that celebrated Norwegian king, written 


shortly after his death), under the year 1093, being the 
year in which he conquered the Western Isles, or ra- 
ther forced them anew to acknowledge the supremacy of 
Norway, which some late Kings of the Isles had aflFect- 
ed to disclaim. The following passage is literally trans- 
lated from the Norse Saga: — 

A.D. 1093. — It is said when King Magnus returned from 
bis expedition to the west,* that he adopted the costume in 
use in the western lands,! and likewise many of his follow- 
ers; that they went about barelegged having short tuniest 
and also upper garments ;§ and so many men called him Bare- 
legged or Bar^oot* 

A period of upwards of three centuries now inter- 
venes before we meet with any description of the High- 
land dress or armour. 

Andrew Wyntown^ Prior of Lochleven, who wrote 
about 1420, speaks on more than one occasion in his 
metrical Chronicle of " the wyld wykkyd Heland- 
men;" and under the year 1396, in reference to the 
celebrated combat of thirty Highlanders against thirty, 
fought on the North Inch of Perth in that year, in 
presence of King Robert III. and his court, in order 
to settle the disputes of two contending clans, he uses 
these words (vol. ii., p. 374) : — 

At Sanct Johnestone besid the Freris 
All thai entrit in Barrens 
Wyth Bow and Ax, Knyf and Swerd 
To deil amang thaim thar last werd. 

• In orig. Vestr Viking. A piratical expedition is meant, 

t In orig. Vestr hndum. 

X In orig. Kyrtlu, 

§ In orig. Yfirhafinr, 


Abbot Bower or Bowmaker (the continuator of For- 
dun's Scotichronicon) wrote in the reign of James 11. 
of Scotland; and, in describing the arrangements for 
the above-mentioned noted combat in 1396, says (vol. 
ii. p. 420) that it was to be fought — 

triginta personis adversus triginta de parte contraria, gladiis 
tantum, arcubus et sagittis, absque deploidibus vel armaturis 
aliis, praeter bipennis: et sic congredientes finem liti ponerent 
et terra pace poteretur. 


by thirty men against thirty of the opposite party, armed 
only with swords, bows and arrows, without mantles or other 
armour except axes; and thus encountering that they should 
end their disputes, and that peace should be established in the 

The Historian John Major ^ who wrote in 1612, 
notices the Highland dress in two different parts of 
his work. At p. 34 (Edit. Ediriburgh^ 1740, 4to), 
talking of the Highlanders generally, he thus describes 
their dress and armour: — 

A medio crure ad pedem caligas non habent, chlamyde pro 
veste superiore et camisia croco tincta, amiciuntur. Arcum 
et sagittas, latissimum ensem cum parvo halberto, pugionem 
grossum ex solo uno latere scindentem sed acutissimum, sub 
zona semper ferunt. Tempore beUi loricam ex loris ferreis 
per totum corpus induunt et in ilia pugnant. In panno lineo 
multipliciter intersuto et coerato aut picato cum cervinae pellis 
coopertura vulgus sylvestrium Scotorum corpus tectum habens 
in praelium prosilit. 


From the middle of the thigh to the foot they have no eo- 


vering for the leg, clothing themselves with a mantle instead 
of an upper garment, and a shirt died with safiron. They al- 
ways carry a bow and arrows, a very broad sword with a small 
halbert, a large dagger, sharpened on one side only but very 
sharp, under the belt. In time of war they cover their whole 
body with a shirt of mail of iron rings, and fight in that. The 
common people of the Highland Scots rush into battle, having 
their body clothed with a linen garment manifoldly sewed and 
painted or daubed with pitch, with a covering of deerskin. 

At p. 302, after mentioning the defection of the Clan- 
chattan and Clanchameron from Alexander Lord of the 
Isles, who in 1429 had raised the standard of rebellion 
against James I., Major thus describes the customs of 
these Clans, and it maybe presumed of the Highlanders 
at large : — 

Laetos dies in ocio ducunt, de pauperum bonis victitantes. 
Arcu, pharetra et halbarda optime scindente, quia bonas 
mineras ferrihabent, utuntur; grossos pugiones sub zonaposi- 
tos ferunt; frequenter nudis tibiis sub cruribus; in hyeme 
chlamydem pro veste superiori portant. 


They pass their days merrily in idleness living upon the 
goods of the poor. They use a bow and quiver, and a halbert 
well sharpened, as they possess good veins of native iron. 
They carry large daggers placed under the belt; their legs 
are frequently naked under the thigh; in winter they carry a 
mantle for an upper garment. 

In the Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer of 
Scotland in August 1538, we find the following entries 
regarding a Highland dress made for King James V., 
on the occasion of that Monarch making a hunting 
excursion to the Highlands: — 


Item in the first for ij elnis ane quarter elne of variant cullorit 
velvet to be the Kingis Grace ane sehort Heland coit price of 
the elne vj"^ summa xiij^^ x^. 

Item for iij elnis quarter elne of grene taffatyis to lyne the 
said coit with, price of the elne x^ summa . . xxxij^ vj*. 

Item for iij elnis of Heland tertane to be hoiss to the Kingis 
grace, price of the elne iiij^ iiij*^ summa . . . xiijf . 

Item for xv elnis of hoUand claith to be syde * Heland sarkis 
to the Kingis Grace, price of the elne viij^ sunmia vj"**. 

Item for sewing and making of the said sarkis, ix". 

Item for twa unce of silk to sew thame, ... x^. 

Item for iiij elnis of rubanis to the handis of thame, ij«. 

The following passage, shewing how the Highlanders 
came to be denominated Redshanks^ is extracted from 
the curious letter of John Elder ^ a Highland Priest, to 
King Henry VIIL, anno 1543. The letter itself has 
been printed at full length in the Collectanea de Re- 
bus Albanicis, vol. i., pp. 23 to 32: — 

Moreover, wherfor they call us in Scotland Reddshankes, 
and in your Graces dominion of England, roghe footide Scottis, 

. Pleas it your Maiestie to understande, that we of all people 
can tollerat, suflSr, and away best with colde, for boithe somer 
and wyntir, (excepte whene the froest is most vehemonte,) 
goynge alwaies hair leggide and hair footide, our delite and 

' pleasure is not onely in huntynge of redd deir, wolfes, foxes, 
and graies, whereof we abounde, and have greate plentie, but 
also in rynninge, leapinge, swymmynge, shootynge, and 
thrawinge of dartis: therfor, in so moche as we use and delite 
so to go alwaies, the tendir delicatt gentillmen of Scotland call 
us Reddshankes. And agayne in wynter, whene the froest is 
mooste vehement (as I have saide) which we can not suffir hair 
footide, so weill as snow, whiche can never hurt us whene it 
cummes to our girdills, we go a huntynge, and after that we 

* Si/dcy i. e. long, or hanging low. 


have slayne redd deir, we flaye of the skyne, bey and bey, and 
settinge of our bair foote on the insyde therof^ for neide of 
cmmyge shoemakers, by your Graces pardon, we play the 
sutters; compasinge and mesuringe so moche therof, as shall 
retche up to our aneklers, pryekynge the upper part therof 
also with holis, that the water may repas when it entres, and 
stretchide up with a stronge thwange of the same, meitand 
above our saide ancklers,' so, and pleas your noble Grace, we 
make our shoois: Therfor, we usinge such maner of shoois, 
the roghe hairie syde outwart, in your Graces dominion of 
England, we be callit roghe footide Scottis; which maner of 
schoois (and pleas your Highnes) in Latyne be called perones, 
wherof the poet Virgill makis mencioun, sayinge, That the 
olde aundent Latjois in tyme of warrs uside suche maner of 
schoos. And althoughe a greate sorte of us Reddshankes go 
after this maner in our countrethe, yeit never the les, and pleas 
your Grace, whene we come to the courte (the Eonges grace 
our great master being alyve) waitinge on our Lordes and 
maisters, who also, for velvettis and silkis be right well araide, 
we have as good garmentis as some of our fellowis whiche 
gyve attendaunce in the court every daye. 

In the account of the campaigns of the French auxi- 
liaries in Scotland in 1548-1549? given by Monsieur 
Jean de Beaugue^ one of the French oflScers, and first 
published at Paris in 1556, under the title of " L'His- 
toire de la Guerre d'Escosse," the dress and arms of 
some Highlanders who were present at the siege of 
Haddington by the French in 1 549 are thus described 
(fol. 22, b.):— 

Quelques Sauvages les suyvirent, ainsi qu'ils sont nuz fors 
que de leurs chemises taintes et de certaines couvertures 
legeres faites de laine, de plusieiu-s couleurs; portansde grands 
arcs et semblables epeies et boucliers que les autres. 



Several Highlanders [or Wild Scots] followed them [the 
Scottish army] and they were naked except their stained shirts, 
and a certain light covering made of wool of various colours; 
carrying large bows, and similar swords and bucklers to the 
others, i.e. to the Lowlanders. 

In the year 1552, an Act of Privy Council was pass- 
ed for the levy of two regiments of Highlanders, to fonn 
part of a body of Scottish auxiliaries about to proceed 
to the assistance of the King of France; and the Earl 
of Huntly being Lieutenant of the North Highlands 
where these men were to be raised, was directed to 
see that the Highland soldiers were 

Substantiouslie accompturit with jack and plait, steillbonett, 
sword, bucklair, new hois and new doublett of canvouse at the 
lest, and slevis of plait or splenttis, and ane speir of sax elne 
lang or thairby. 

Lindsay of Pitscottie^ who wrote his history about 
the year 1 573, says of the Highland dress : — 

The other pairts [of Scotland] northeme ar full of mon- 
taines, and very rud and homlie kynd of people doeth inhabite, 
which is called the Reidschankis or Wyld Scottis. They be 
cloathed with ane mantle, with ane schirt saffroned* after the 
Irisch manner, going hair legged to the knee. Thair weapones 
ar bowis and dartes, with ane verie broad sword and ane dag- 
ger scharp onUe at the on syde. 

Piii Act of Parliament^ anno 1574, under the re- 
gency of the Earl of Morton, directing a general wea- 
ponshawing throughout Scotland, makes a distinction 
between the arms of the lesser gentlemen and yeomen 
in the Lowlands and those in the Highlands, as under : 

* One MS. of Pitscottie's History resids fachioned, another saffroned, as 
in the text. The latter is undoubtedly the correct word. 


Lowland Arms. 

Brigantinis, Jakkis, steilbonettis, slevis of plate or mailye, 
swerdis, pikkis or speris of sex elnis lang, culveringis, halbertis 
or tua bandit swerdis. 

Highland Arms. 

Habirscbonis, steilbonettis, hektonis, swerdis, bowis and dor- 
lochis,* or culveringis. 

John Lesley^ Bishop of Ross, who published his 
work " De origine, moribus et rebus gestis Scotorum" 
at Rome in 1578, thus describes the arms and dress 
of the old Scots, which were still in his time used by 
the Highlanders and Islanders (pp. 56, 58) : — 

In praeliis vero hostilique concursu vel lancea vel sagitta 
adversarium petebant. Gladio quoque utebantur aneipiti; 
pedites oblongo, equites brevi, utrique lato, ae acie longe acu- 
tissimo, ut primo eonatu hominem facile dissecaret medium. 
Lorica hamis ferreis conserta muniebantur, banc tunicae co- 
riaceae non minus firmae, quam eleganti (nostri Acton dicunt) 
superinduerunt. Omnis denique armatura illis levis, ut facilius 
si eo angustiarum detruderentur, ex hostium manibus possent 

Vestes ad necessitatem (erant enim ad bellum in primis ac- 
commodatae) non ad omatum faciebani: Chlamydes enim 
gestabant unius formae omnes et nobiles et plebeii (nisi quod 
nobiles variegatis sibi magis placebant) et illas quidem demis- 
sas ac fluxas, sed in sinus tamen quosdam,ubi volebant, decenter 
contractas. Has Brachas a veteribus appellatas facile equidem 
crediderim. His solis noctu involuti suaviter dormiebant: ha- 
bebant etiam, cujusmodi Hibernenses et hodie sibi placent, 
villosas stragulas, alias ad iter, alias ad lectos accommodas. 
Reliqua vero vestimenta erant, brevis ex lana tunicella, ma- 
nicis inferius apertis, uti expeditius cum vellent, jacula tor- 

• Dorlochy a Gaelic word, properly Dornlack, a quiver. 


querent, ac foemoralia simplicissinia, pudori quam frigori aut 
pompae aptiora. Ex lino quoque amplissima indusia conficie- 
bant, multis sinibus, . largioribusque manieis foris ad genua 
usque negligentius fluentia. Haec potentioires eroeo alii autem 
adipe quodam, quo ab omni sorde diutius manerent Integra 
illinebant: assuefacere enim se perpetuis castrorum sudoribus 
consultissimum putabant. In his conficiendis, ornatus out 
artis omnino cura non videbatur neglecta, .siquidem silo cerieo, 
viridi potissimum aut rubeo, indusiorum singulas partes arti- 
fieiosissime continuabaiit. 

Mulierum autem habitus apud illos decentissimus erat. 
Nam talari tunicae, arte phrygia ut plurimum. coiifectae amplas 
chlamydes, quas jam diximus, atque illas quidam polymitas, 
superinduerent. lUarum brachia armillis, ac coUa monilibus 
elegantuis ornata, maximam habent decoris speciem. 


In battle and hostile encounter their missile weapons were 
a lance or arrows. They used also a two-edged sword, which 
with the foot soldiers was pretty long, and short for the horse: 
both had it broad, and with an edge so exceeding sharp that 
at one blow it would easily cut a man in two. For defence, 
they used a coat of mail woven of iron rings, which they wore 
over a leather jerkin, stout and of handsome appearance, which 
we call an acton. Their whole armour was light, that they 
might the more easily slip from their enemies' hands, if they 
chanced to fall into such a strait. 

Their clothing was made for use (being chiefly suited to war) 
and not for ornament. All, both nobles and common people, 
wore mantles of one sort (except that the nobles preferred those 
of several colours). These were long and flowing, but capable 
of being neatly gathered up at pleasure into folds. I am in- 
clined to believe that they were the same as those to which 
the ancients gave the name of brachae. Wrapped up in these 
for their only covering, they would sleep comfortably. They 
had also shaggy rugs, such as the Irish use at the present day, 
some fitted for a journey, others to be placed on a bed. The 



rest of their garments consisted of a short woollen jacket, with 
the sleeves open below for the convenience of throwing their 
darts, and a covering for the thighs of the simplest kind, more 
for decency than for show or a defence against cold. They 
made also of linen very large shirts, with, numerous folds and 
wide sleeves, which flowed abroad loosely to their knees. 
These the rich coloured with saffron, and others smeared with 
some grease to preserve them longer clean among the toils and 
exercises of a camp, which they held it of the highest conse- 
quence to practice continually. In the manufacture of these, 
ornament and a certain attention to taste were not altogether 
neglected, and they joined the different parts of their shirts 
very neatly with silk thread, chiefly of a green or red colour. 

Their women's attire was very becoming. Over a gown 
reaching to the ancles, and generally embroidered, they wore 
large mantles of the kind already described, and woven of 
different colours. Their chief ornaments were the bracelets 
and necklaces with which they decorated their arms and necks. 

George Buchanan^ in his history of Scotland, first 
published in 1582, gives the following description of 
the dress and armour of the Highlanders, (Edit. Ultra- 
jecti 16695 8vo, p. 24): — 

Veste gaudent varia ac maxime virgata. Colores amant 

maxime purpureum, ac ceruleum. Majores sagis versicolori- 

bus plurifariam distinctis utebantur, ut adhuc plerique mos est. 

Verum plures nunc magis fuscas, et ericae frondes proxime 

imitantes, ne in ericetis cubantes luce florida vestis agnosci 

possint, ferunt. His involuti potius, quam tecti, saevissimas 

tempestates sub dio tolerant ac interdum nivibus obruti som- 

num capiunt. 

• ♦»»»• 

In hello autem quibus corpora tegunt arma sunt, cassis fer- 
rea et lorica ferreis annulis confecta, plerumque ad talos usque 
demissa. Tela adversus hostem arcus, et sagittae maxima ex 
parte hamatae ferreis utrinque barbulis eminentibus, quae nisi. 


vulnere late patefacto e corpore extrahi non possunt. Sunt 
qui ensibus latis aut securibus pugnant. 

The above passages in Buchanan's history have 
been translated as follows by the author of " Certeine 
matters concerning the Realme of Scotland^ composed 
together as they were Anno Domini 1597j London^ 
1603, 4to;" who again has been literally followed by 
John Monypenny in his abridgement of the Scottish 
Chronicles, first printed in 1612: — 

They delight in marled clothes, specially that have long 
stripes of sundry colours; they love chiefly purple and blew, 
^rheir predecessors used short mantles or plaids of divers co- 
lours sundry waies devided ; and amongst some, the same custom 
is observed to this day: but for the most part now they are 
browne, most nere to the colour of the hadder; to the efiect, 
when they lie amongst the hadder, the bright colour of their 
plaids shall not bewray them; with the which, rather coloured 
than clad, they suffer the most cruel tempests that blowe in the 
open field in such sort, that under a wrythe of snow, they 
sleepe sound. 

Their armour wherewith they cover their bodies in time of 
warre, is an iron bonnet and an habbergion, side* almost even to 
their heeles. Their weapons against their enemies are bowes 
and arrowes. The arrowes are for the most part hooked, with 
a barbie on either side, which, once entered within the body, 
cannot be drawne forth againe, unless the w^ounde be made 
wider. Some of them fight with broad swords and axes. 

Nicolay d* Arfeville^ Cosmographer to the King of 
France, published at Paris, in the year 1583, a volume 
entitled " La Navigation du Roy d'Escosse laques 

• Syde, i. e. long, or hanging low. 


Cinquiesme du nom, autour de son Royaume, et 
Isles Hebrides and Orchades, soubz la conduicte 
d' Alexandre Lyndsay excellent Pilote Escossois. " 
There is prefixed a description, evidently by d'Arfe- 
ville himself, of " the Island and Kingdom of Scot- 
land," from which the following is an extract: — 

Ceux qui habitant la partie Meridionale du mont Grampius 
sont assez civilz, et traictables, et parlent le langaige Anglois; 
mais ceux qui sont Septentrionaux sont plus rudes, agrestes 
et fascheux, pour ceste raison sont appelez sauvages. lis 
portent comme les Irelandois une grande et ample chemise 
saffranee, et par dessus un habit long jusques aux genoux, de 
grosse laine a mode d'une soutane. lis vont teste nue et lais- 
sent croistre leurs cheveux fort long, et ne portent chausses 
ne souliers sinon quelques uns qui ont des botines faictes a 
I'antique, qui leurs montent jusques aux genoux. 

Leurs armes sont Tare et la flesche, et quelques javellotz 
qu'ils tirent fort dextrement, et une large espee avec le poig- 
nard pointu, qui ne taille que d'un coste. lis sont fort legers 
a la course, et n'y a cheval si viste qui les puisse devancer, 
comme j'en ay veu la preuve plusieurs fois, tant en Angleterre 
qu'en Escosse. 



Those who inhabit Scotland to the south of the Grampian 
chain, are tolerably civilized and obedient to the laws, and 
speak the English language ; but those who inhabit the north 
are more rude, homely, and unruly, and for this reason are 
called savages [or wild Scots.] They wear, like the Irish, a 
large and full shirt, coloured with saffron, and over this a gar- 
ment hanging to the knee, of thick wool, after the manner 
of a cassock. They go with bare heads, and allow their hair 
to grow very long, and they wear neither stockings nor shoes, 
except some who have buskins made in a very old fashion, 
which come as high as their knees. 


Their arms are the bow and arrow, and some darts, which 
they throw with great dexterity, and a large sword, with a 
single-edged dagger. They are very swift of foot, and there 
is no horse so swift as to outstrip them, as I have seen proved 
several times, both in England and Scotland, 

In a MS. History of the Gordons^ by W. R. pre- 
served in the Advocates' Library (Jac. 5th, 7> 11)> 
the following anecdote is given, as occurring about 
the year 1591 or 1592:— 

Angus, the son of Lauchlan Macintosh, Chiefe of the Clan- 
chattan, with a great party attempts to surprise the Castle of 
Ruthven in Badenoch, belonging to Huntly, in which there 
was but a small garrison; but finding this attempt could neither 
by force nor fraude have successe, he retires a littie to consult 
how to compass his intent. In the meanetime, one creeps out 
under the shelter of some old ruins, and levels with his piece 
at one of the Clanchattan cloathed in a yellow warr coat* 
(which, amongst them, is the badge of the Cheiftanes or heads 
of Clans), and, peu-cmg his body with the bullet, strides him to 
the ground, and retires with gladness into the castle. The 
man killed was Angus himself, whom his people carry away, 
and conceills his death for many yeirs, pretending he was gone 
beyond seas. 

In 1594j when Red Hugh O'Donnell, Lord of Tir- 
conall in Ulster, was in rebellion against Queen Eliza- 
beth, he was assisted for some time by a body of auxi- 
liaries from the Hebrides. These warriors are de- 
scribed in the following terms in the Life of Hugh 
O'Donnell, originally written in Irish hy Peregrine 
O^Clery^ and since translated by the late Edward 
O'Reilly, Esq. The curious extract from Mr O'Reilly's 

* In another and later copy of the MS., the Editor finds waist coat 
instead of warr coat. 


translation which follows, was communicated to the 
Editor by John D' Alton, Esq., Barrister-at-law, Dublin. 

These (the auxiliaries from the isles) were afterwards mix- 
ed with the Irish militia, with the diversity of their arms, their 
armour, their mode, manners, and speech. The outward 
clothing they wore, was a mottled garment with numerous co- 
lours hanging in folds to the calf of the leg, with a girdle round 
the loins over the garment. Some of them with hom-hafted 
swords, large and military, over their shoulders. A man when 
he had to strike with them was obliged to apply both his hands 
to the haft. Others with bows, well polished, strong and ser- 
viceable, with long twanging hempen strings, and sharp point- 
ed arrows that whizzed in their flight. 

Camden in his Britannia, first published in l607j 
gives the following description of the Highland dress 
and armour: — 

Hibernicorem more virgatis sagulis induti, capillitio denso 
et longiori. In bello casside ferrea, lorica ferreis annulis con- 
texta, arcubus, et hamatis sagittis et machaeris utuntur la- 


They are clothed after the Irish fashion, in striped mantles, 
with their hair thick and long. In war they wear an iron 
head-piece and a coat of mail woven with iron rings; and they 
use bows and barbed arrows and broad swords. 

John Tayl(yr^ "the King's Majesties Water Poet," 
made an excursion to Scotland in the year 1618, of 
which he published an amusing narrative under the 
title of " The Pennylesse Pilgrimage'' He describes 
the dress of the Highlanders in the following account 
he gives of his visit to Braemar for the purpose of pay- 



ing his respects to the Earl of Mar and Sir William 
Moray of Abercairney. — ( Taylor's TVorks, London^ 
16SS, folio):— 

Thus, with extreme traveU, ascending and descending, 
mounting and alighting, I came at night to the place where I 
would be, in the Brae of Marr, which is a large county, all 
composed of such mountaines, that Shooters hill, Gads hill, 
Highgate hill, Hampstead hill, Birdlip hill, or Malveraes hills, 
are but mole-hills in comparison, or like a liver, or a gizzard 
imder a capon's wing, in respect to the altitude of their tops, 
or perpendicularitie of their bottomes. There I saw mount 
Benawne with a furrd'd mist upon his snowy head instead of 
a night-cap; for you must understand, that the oldest man 
alive never saw but the snow was on the top of divers of those 
hills, (both in summer as well as in winter.) There did I find 
the truely noble and Right Honourable Lords John Erskine, 
Earle of Mark, James Stuart, Earle of Murray, George 
Gordon, Earle of Engye, sonne and heire to the Marquise of 
Huntley, James Erskin, Earl of Bughan, and John Lord 
Erskin, Sonne and heire to the Earle of Marr, and their Coun- 
tesses, with my much honoured, and my best assured and ap- 
proved friend. Sir William Murray, Knight, of Abercarny, 
and hundred of others, knights, esquires, and their followers; 
all and every man in generall, in one habit, as if Licurgus had 
been there, and made lawes of equality. For once in the yeere, 
which is the whole moneth of August, and sometimes jiart of 
September, many of the nobility and gentry of the kingdome 
(for their pleasure) doe come into these Highland countries to 
hunt, where they doe conforme themselves to the habite of the 
Highland men, who, for the moste part, speake nothing but 
Irish; and in former time were those people which were call- 
ed the Red-Shanks. Their habite is shooes with but one sole 
apiece ; stockings (which they call short hose) made of a warme 
stuff of divers colours, which they call tartane. As for breeches, 
many of them, nor their forefathers, never wore any, but a jer- 
kin of the same stuffe that their hose is of, their garters being 


bands or wreathes of hay or straw, with a plaed about their 
shoulders, which is a mantle of divers colours, much finer and 
lighter stuffe than their hose, with blue flat caps on their heads, 
a handkerchiefe knit with two knots about their necke; and thus 
are they attyred. Now, their weapons are long bowes and forked 
arrowes, swords and targets, harquebusses, muskets, durks, and 
Loquhabor-axes. With these armes I found many of them 
armed for the hunting. As for their attire, any man of what 
degree soever that comes amongst them, must not disdaine to 
weare it; for if they doe, then they will disdaine to hunt, or wil- 
lingly to bring in their dogges; but if men be kind unto them, 
and be in their habit, then are they conquered with kindnesse, 
and the sport will be plentifuU. . This was the reason that I 
found so many noblemen and gentlemen in those shapes. But 
to proceed to the hunting. 

My good Lord of Marr having put me into that shape, I 
rode with him from his house, where I saw the ruines of an old 
castle, called the castle of Kindroghit. . It was built by king 
Malcolm Canmore (for a hunting house) who raigned in Scot- 
land when Edward the Confessor, Harold, and Norman Wil- 
liam raigned in England; I speak of it, because it was the 
last house that I saw in those parts ; for I was the space of 
twelve dayes after, before I saw either house, corne-field, or 
habitation for any creature, but deere, wild horses, wolves, and 
such like creatures, which made me doubt that I should never 
have scene a house againe. 

Defoe 9 in his " Memoirs of a Cavalier," written 
about 1721, and obviously composed from authentic 
materials, thus describes the Higland part of the Scot- 
tish army which invaded England in l639j at the com- 
mencement of the great civil war. The Cavalier 
having paid a visit to the Scottish camp to satisfy his 
curiosity, proceeds (Edit. 1809, p. 201): — 

I confess, the soldiers made a very uncouth figure, especially 


the Highlanders: the oddness and barbarity of their garb and 
arms seemed to have something in it remarkable. They ^ere 
generally tall swinging fellows; their swords were extrava- 
gantly and I think insignificantly broad, and they carried great 
wooden targets, large enough to cover the upper part oJ their 
bodies. Their dress was as antique as the rest; a cap on their 
heads, called by them a bonnet, long hanging sleeves behind, 
and their doublet, breeches, and stockings, of a stuff they 
called plaid, stripped across red and yellow, with short cloaks 
of -the same. These fellows looked, 'when drawn out, like a 
regiment of Merry-Andrews, ready for Bartholomew fair. 
There were three or four thousand of these in the Scots army, 
armed only with swords and targets; and in their belts some 
of them had a pistol, but no musquets at that time among 

In the beginning of 1678, a body of Highlanders, 
" the Highland Host," as it was called, amounting to 
about 10,000 men, were brought from their native 
mountains and quartered upon the western counties, 
for the purpose of suppressing the field meetings and 
conventicles of the Presbyterians. But their irregular 
and disorderly conduct, soon made it necessary for 
government to disband them ; and therefore we need 
the less wonder that they should on this occasion be 
represented in satirical colours. The following is an 
extract from a letter ( Wodrow MSS. Advocates* Li- 
hrary^ 4to, vol. xcix. No. 29)j dated February 1, 1678, 
and evidently written by an eye-witness* The entire 
letter will be found in Blackwood's Edinburgh Maga- 
zine, April 1817, p. 68. 

We are now all quartered in and about this town, [Ayr?] 


the Highlanders only in free quarters. It would be truly 
a pleasant sight, were it at an ordinary weaponshaw, to see 
this Highland crew. You know the fashion of their wild 
apparel, not one of them hath breeches, yet hose and shoes are 
their greatest need and most clever prey, and they spare not 
to take them every where : In so much that the committee 
here, and the Counsel with you (as it is said) have ordered 
some thousands of pairs of shoes to be made to stand this great 
spoil. As for their armes and other miUtarie accoutrements, it 
is not possible for me to describe them in writing ; here you 
may see head- pieces and steel-bonnets raised like pyramids, and 
such as a man would affirme they had only found in chamber- 
boxes ; targets and shields of the most odde and antique forme, 
and powder horns hung in strings, garnished with beaten nails 
and burnished brass. And truely I doubt not but a man, 
curious in our antiquities, might in this host finde explications 
of the strange pieces of armour mentioned in our old lawes, 
such as bosnet, iron hat, gorget, pesane, wambrassers, and 
reerbrassers, panns, leg-splents, and the like, above what any 
occasion in the Lowlands would have afforded for several 
hundreds of yeers. Among the ensigns also, besides other 
singularities, the Glencow men were very remarkable, who 
had for their ensigne a faire bush of heath, wel-spred and dis- 
played on the head of a staff, such as might have affrighted a 
Roman eagle. 

William Clelandj Lieutenant-colonel to the Earl of 
Angus' regiment, who was killed whilst gallantly de- 
fending his post at Dunkeld against a party of High- 
landers, soon after the Revolution, wrote a satirical 
poem upon the expedition of the Highland Host in 
1678, from which the following extracts are taken 
(Collection of Poems, &c. 12mo, 1697» p. 12): — 

But to discrive them right surpasses 
The art of nine Parnassus Lasses. 


Their head, their neck, their legs and thighs 

Are influenced by the skies, 

Without a clout to interrupt them 

They need not strip them when they whip them; 

Nor loose their doublet, when they're hang'd 

If they be miss'd, its sure they're wrang'd. 

But those who were their chief Commanders, 
As such who bore the pirnie standarts. 
Who led the van, and drove the rear. 
Were right well mounted of their gear ; 
With brogues, trues, and pirnie plaides. 
With good blew bonnets on their heads. 
Which on the one side had a flipe 
Adorn'd with a tobacco pipe. 
With durk, and snap work, and snuff mill, 
A bagg which they with onions fill. 
And, as their strick observers say, 
A tupe horn fiU'd with usquebay; 
A slasht out coat beneath her plaides, 
A targe of timber, nails and hides ; 
With a long two-handed sword, 
Als good's the country can affoord; 
Had they not need of bulk and bones. 
Who fight with all these arms at once ? 
It's marvellous how in such weather, 
Ov'r hill and hop they came together; 
How in such stormes they came so farr; 
The reason is, they're smear'd with tar, 
Which doth defend them heel and neck. 
Just as it doth their sheep protect; 
But least ye doubt that this is true. 
They're just the colour of tar'd wool. 

William SacheverelU Esq. Governor of the Isle of 
Man, who was employed in 1688 in the attempt to re- 
cover the stores of the Florida, one of the great vessels 
of the Spanish Armada (which was blown up and sunk 


in the harbonr of Tobermory in Mull, exactly a hun- 
dred years before), made in that year an excursion 
through the Isle of Mull, and thence to Icolmkill. In 
1702 he published at London an account of this ex- 
cursion, along with an account of the Isle of Man. At 
p. 129 of this volume, he thus describes the dress, ar- 
mour, and general appearance of the Highlanders as 
he saw them in the Isle of Mull in 1688: — 

During my stay, I generally observed the men to be large- 
bodied, stout, subtle, active, patient of cold and hunger. 
There appeared in all their actions a certain generous air of 
freedom, and contempt of those trifles, luxury and ambition, 
which we so servilely creep after. They bound their appetites 
by their necessities, and their happiness consists, not in having 
much, but in coveting little. The women seem to have the 
same sentiments with the men ; though their habits were mean 
and they had not our sort of breeding, yet in many of them 
there was a natural beauty and a graceful modesty, which 
never fails of attracting. The usual outward habit of both 
sexes is the pladd ; the women's much finer, the colours more 
lively, and the squares larger than the men's, and put me in 
mind of the ancient Picts. This serves them for a veil, and 
covers both head and body. The men wear theirs after an- 
other manner, especially when designed for ornament: it is 
loose and flowing, like the mantles our painters give their 
heroes. Their thighs are bare, with brawny muscles. Nature 
has drawn all her stroaks bold and masterly; what is covered 
is only adapted to necessity — a thin brogue on the foot, a short 
buskin of various colours on the legg, tied above the calf with 
a striped pair of garters. What should be concealed is hid 
with a large shot-pouch, on each side of which hangs a pistol 
and a dagger, as if they found it necessary to keep those parts 
well guarded. A round target on their backs, a blew bonnet 
on their heads, in one hand a broadsword and a musquet in 
the other. Perhaps no nation goes better armed; and I assure 


you they will handle them with bravery and dexterity, espe- 
cially the sword and target, as our veterane regiments found 
to their cost at Gillecrankee. 

The Rev. James Brome, in his travels over Eng- 
land, Scotland, and Wales, published at London, in 
1700, 8vo., gives, p. 183, the following description of 
the Highland dress and armour, which, although partly 
translated from Buchanan, has yet in it something ori- 
ginal, which induces the Editor to admit it here. It 
seems doubtful, however, if Mr Brome himself saw the 
dress he professes to describe : — 

The Highlanders who inhabit the west part of the country, 
in their language, habit, and manners, agree much with the 
customs of the wild Irish, and their chief city is Elgin, in the 
county of Murray, seated upon the water of Lossy, formerly 
the Bishop of Murray's seat, with a church sumptuously built, 
but now gone into decay. They go habited in mantles striped 
or streaked with divers colours, about their shoulders, which 
they call pladden, with a coat girt close to their bodies, and 
commonly are naked upon their legs, but wear sandals upon 
the soles of their feet, and their women go clad much after the 
same fashion. They get their living mostly by hunting, fish- 
ing, and fowling; and when they go to war, the armour where- 
with they cover their bodies, is a morion or bonnet of iron, 
and an habergeon which comes down almost to their very 
heels; their weapons against their enemies are bows and ar- 
rows, and they are generally reputed good marksmen upon all 
occasions; their arrows for the most part are barbed or crook- 
ed, which once entered within the body, cannot well be drawn 
out again, unless the wound be made wider; some of them 
fight with broad swords and axes. 

In Martin's description of the Western Isles of Scot- 
land (2d Edit. London^ I7I6, p. 206), we find the fol- 


lowing minute account of the dress formerly worn by 
the Islanders: — 

The first habit wore by persons of distinction in the islands 
was the leni-croich^ from the Irish word leni^ which signifies 
a shirt, and croichy saffron, because their shirt was dyed with 
that herb. The ordinary number of ells used to mlake this 
rcbe was twenty-four; it was the upper garb, reaching below 
the knees, and was tied with a belt round the middle: but the 
islanders have laid it aside about a hundred years ago. 

They now generally use coat, wastcoat, and breeches, as 
elsewhere; and on their heads wear bonnets made of thick 
cloth, some blue, some black, and some grey. 

Many of the people wear trotvis: some have them very fine 
woven, like stockings of those made of cloth; same are co- 
loured, and others striped: the latter are as well shaped as the 
former, lying close to the body from the middle downwards, 
and tied round with a belt above the haunches. There is a 
square piece of cloth which hangs down before. The measure 
for shaping the trowis is a stick of wood, whose length is a 
cubit, and that divided into the length of a finger, and half a 
finger; so that it requires more skill to make it than the ordi- 
nary habit. 

The shoes anciently wore were a piece of the hide of a deer, 
cow, or horse, with the hair on, being tied behind and before 
with a point of leather. The generality now wear shoes, hav- 
ing one thin sole only, and shaped after the right and left 
foot; so that what is for one foot will not serve for the other. 

But persons of distinction wear the garb in fashion in the 
south of Scotland. 

The plady wore only by the men, is made of fine wool, the 
thred as fine as can be made of that kind; it consists of divers 
colours, and there is a great deal of ingenuity required in sort- 
ing the colours, so as to be agreeable to the nicest fancy. For 
this reason the women are at great pains, first to give an exact 
pattern of the plad upon a piece of wood, having the number 
of every thred of the stripe on it. The length of it is com- 


moDly seven double ells; the one end hangs by the middle 
over the left arm, the other going round the body, hangs by 
the end over the left arm also : the right hand above it is td 
be at liberty to do any thing upon occasion. Every isle differs 
from each other in their fancy of making plads, as to the stripes 
in breadth and colours. This humour is as different through 
the mainland of the Highlands, in so far that they who have 
seen those places are able, at the first view of a man's plad, to 
guess the place of his residence. 

When they travel on foot, the plad is tied on the breast with 
a bodkin of bone or wood (just as the spina wore by the Ger- 
mans, according to the description of C. Tacitus). The plad 
is tied round the middle with a leather belt; it is pleated from 
the belt to the knee very nicely. This dress for footmen is 
found much easier and lighter than breeches or trowis. 
. The ancient dress wore by the women, and which is yet 
wore by some of the vulgar, called arisady is a white plad, 
having a few small stripes of black, blue, and red. It reached 
from the neck to the heels, and was tied before on the breast 
with a buckle of silver, or brass, according to the quality of 
the person. I have seen some of the former of an hundred 
marks value; it was broad as any ordinary pewter plate, the 
whole curiously engraven with various animals, &c. There 
was a lesser buckle, which was wore in the middle of the 
larger, and above two ounces weight; it had in the centre a 
large piece of chrystal, or some finer stone, and this was set 
all round with several finer stones of a lesser size. 

The plad being pleated all round, was tied with a belt be- 
low the breast; the belt was of leather, and several pieces of 
silver intermixed with the leather like a chain. The lower end 
of the belt has a piece of plate, about eight inches long and 
three in breadth, curiously engraven ; the end of which was 
adorned with fine stones, or pieces of red coral. They wore 
sleeves of scarlet cloth, closed at the end as men's vests, with 
gold lace round them, having plate buttons set with fine stones. 
The head-dress was a fine kerchief of linen strait about the 
head, hanging down the back taper-wise; a large lock of hair 


hangs down their cheeks above their breast, the lower end tied 
with a knot of ribbands. 

The ancient way of fighting was by set battles; and for arms 
some had broad two-handed swords and head-pieces, and others 
bows and arrows. When all their arrows were spent, they 
attacked one another with sword-in-hand- Since the invention 
of guns, they are very early accustomed to use them, and carry 
their pieces with them wherever they go : they likewise learn 
to handle the broadsword and target. The chief of each tribe 
advances with his followers within shot of the enemy, having 
first laid aside their upper garments; and after one general 
discharge, they attack them with sword-in-hand, having their 
target on their left hand (as they did at Kelicranky), which 
soon brings the matter to an issue, and verifies the observation 
made of them by your historians: — 

Aut Mors cito, atU Victoria Iceta. 

The following is the description of the Highland 
dress given by Captain Burt^ an English officer of en- 
gineers, employed under Marshal Wade on the military 
roads through the Highlands, begun in the year 1726. 
It is taken from his amusing work, " Letters from a 
Gentleman in the North of Scotland," (2d edition, 
London^ 1759), to which such frequent reference has 
been made in the works of Sir Walter Scott : — 


The Highland dress consists of a bonnet made of thrum 
without a brim, a short coat, a waistcoat, longer by five or six 
inches, short stockings and brogues, or pumps, without heels. 
By the way, they cut holes in their brogues though new made, 
to let out the water when they have far to go and rivers to 
pass ; this they do to prevent their feet from galUng. 

Few besides gentlemen wear the trowze, * that is, the 
breeches and stockings all of one piece and drawn on together; 
over this habit they wear a plaid, which is usually three yards 


long and two breadths wide, and the whole garb is made of 
chequered tartan or plaiding ; this, with the sword and pistol, 
is called a fiiU dress, and to a well-proportioned man, with any 
tolerable air, it makes an agreeable figure ; but this you have 
seen in London, and it is chiefly their mode of dressing when 
they are in the Lowlands, or when they make a neighbouring 
visit, or go any where on horseback ; but those among them 
who travel on foot, and have not attendants to carry them 
over the waters, vary it into the quelt, which is a manner I am 
about to describe. 

The common habit of the ordinary Highlanders is far from 
being acceptable to the eye ; with them a small part of the 
plaid, which is not so large as the former, is set in folds and 
girt round the waist to make of it a short petticoat that reaches 
half way down the thigh, and the rest is brought over the 
shoulder, and then fastened before below the neck, often with 
a fork and sometimes with a bodkin or sharpened piece of 
stick, so that they make pretty near the appearance of the 
people in London, when they bring their gowns over their 
heads to shelter them from the rain. In this way of wearing 
the plaid, they have nothing else to cover them, and are often 
barefoot, but some I have seen shod with a kind of pumps 
made out of a raw cow hide with the hair turned outward, 
which being ill made, the wearer's foot looked something like 
a rough footed hen or pigeon : These are called quarrants,* 
and are not only offensive to the sight, but intolerable to the 
smell of those who are near them. The stocking rises no 
higher than the thick of the calf, and from the middle of the 
thigh to the middle of the leg is a naked space, which being 
exposed to all weathers, becomes tanned and freckled. — (Vol. 
IL p. 183.) 

The plaid is the undress of the ladies at Inverness, and to 
a genteel woman who adjusts it with a good air, is a becoming 
veil. But as I am pretty sure you never saw one of them in 
England, I shall employ a few words to describe it to you. It 
is made of silk or fine worsted, chequered with various lively 

* QtuMrraintf a Gaelic word, properly Cua/ran^ a shoe of unianned hide. 




colours, two breadths wide, and f^ree yards in length ; it is 
brought over the head, and may hide or discover the face ac- 
cording to the wearer's fancy or occasion : it reaches to the 
waist behind ; one comer falls as low as the ancle on one side; 
and the other part in folds hangs down from the opposite arm. 
(Vol. I. p. 100.) 

The ordinary girls wear nothing upon their heads until they 
are married or get a child, except sometimes a fillet of red or 
blue coarse cloth, of which they are very proud ; but often 
their hair hangs down over the forehead, like that of a wild 

If they wear stockings, which is very rare, they lay them in 
plaits one above another, from the ancle up to the calf, to 
make their legs appear, as near as they can, in the form of a 
cylinder ; but I think I have seen something like this unong 
the poor German refugee women and the Moorish men in 
London.— (Vol II. p. 194.) 

The same author thus describes the arms : — 

When any one of them is armed at all points, he is loaded 
with a target, a firelock, a heavy broadsword, a pistol-stock, 
and lock of iron, a dirk ; and besides all these, some of them 
carry a sort of knife, which they call a Skeen-oceles, from its 
being concealed in the sleeve near the armpit. — ^(p. 222.) 

The blade [of the dirk] is straight, and generally above a 
foot long, the back near an inch thick ; the point goes off like 
a tuck, and the handle is something like that of a sickle. They 
pretend they can't well do without it, as being useful to them 
in cutting wood, and upon many other occasions ; but it is a 
concealed mischief hid under the plaid, ready for the secret 
stabbing, and in a close encounter there is no defence against 
it.— (p. 174) 

Mr Gough, in his additions to Camden's Britannica 
(Edit. London, 1789, Vol. III. p. 390), gives the fol- 
lowing accurate description of the Highland dress and 
armour, as they were to be found in the district of Brea- 
dalbane previous to the proscription of the dress : — 


The dress of the men is the bi^echan or plaid, twelve or 
thirteen yards of narrow stuff wrapped round the middle, and 
reaching to the knees, often girt round the waist, and in cold 
weather covering the whole body, even on the open hills, all 
night, and fastened on the shoulders with a broche; short 
stockings tied below the knee; truish, a genteeler kind 
of breeches, and stockings of one piece ; cuoranen, a laced 
shoe of skin, with the hairy side out, rather disused ; JeeU or 
JUlebeg, g.d. little plaid, or short petticoat, reaching to the 
knees, substituted of late to the longer end of the plaid ; and 
lastly, the poucb of badger or other skins,, with tassels hang- 
ing before them. The Lochaber axe, used now only by the 
Town Guard of Edinburgh, was a tremendous weapon. Bows 
and arrows were in use in the middle of the last century, now 
as well as the broadsword and target laid aside since the dis- 
arming act, but the dirk, or ancient pi^gio, is still worn as a 
dress with the knife and fork. 

The women's dress is the kirch, or white linen pinned round 
behind like a hood, and over the foreheads of married women, 
whereas maidens wear only a snood or ribbon round their 
heads ; the tmKio or plaid fastened over their shoulders, and 
drawn over their beads in bad weather ^ a plaited long stock- 
ings called oesan, is their high dress. 

The following detail of the complete equipment of 
a Highland ehief, and instructions for belting the plaid, 
were communicated by a Highland gentleman to 
Charles Grrant, vicomte de Vaux, &c. &c. by wbom 
they v^ere printed in his ** M^moires de la Maison de 
Grant," in 1796, (pp. 6, 7) :— 



No. 1. A fiill-trimmed bonnet. 

2. A tartan jacket, vest, kilt, and cross-belt 



No. 3. A tartan belted plaid. 

4. pair of hose, made up [of cloth]. 

5. pair of stockings ditto, with yellow garters. 

6. Twopairofbrogs. 

7. A silver-mounted purse and belt. 

8. A target with spear. 

9. A broad-sword. 

10. A pair of pistols and bullet-mould. 

11. A dirk, knife, fork, and belt. 


Being sewed, and the broad belt within the keepers, the 
gentleman stands with nothing on but his shirt : when the ser- 
vant gets the plaid and belt round, he must hold both ends of 
the belt, till the gentleman adjusts and puts across, in a proper 
manner, the two folds or flaps before ; that done, he tightens 
the belt to the degree wanted ; then the purse and purse-belt 
is put on loosely; afterwards, the coat and waistcoat is put on, 
and the great low part hanging down beliind, where a loop is 
fixed, is to be pinned up to the right shoulder, immediately 
under the shoulder-strap, to be pinned in such a manner that 
the comer or low-flyer behind, hang as low as the kilt or 
hough, and no lower; that properly adjusted, the pointed 
comer or flap that hangs at the left thigh, to be taken through 
the purse-belt, and to hang, having a cast back very near as 
low as the belt, putting at the same time any awkward bulky 
part of the plaid on the left side back from the haunch, stuffed 
under the purse-belt. When the shoulder or sword-belt is put 
on, the flyer that hangs behind is to be taken through, and 
hang over the shoulder-belt. 

N.B. — No kilt ought ever to hang lower than the hough or 
knee — scarcely that far down. 





An Extraordidary General Meeting of the Tona Club 
V^as held within the Hall of thef Society of Antiquaries 
of ScMliaiid, updn ^Thorsday, the 17th November 
1836, for the purpose of electing a Secretary in room 
6f thelat^ Dottald Gregory, Esq.— Archibald McNeill, 
Esq. in the Chair;---The following resolution was 
proposed and unanimously agreed to, viz. — 

jR6»o/i?^,— "• That the Club regard, with feelings 
of the deepest sorrow and regret, the loss they have 
sustained by the lamented death of their Secretary, 
Donald Gregory, Esq. to whose talents and unwearied 
^exertions on their behalf they owe so much, and whose 
loss will long be felt by them, as well as by all who 
were on habits of friendship with him, or take an in- 
terest in the history and antiquities of their native 
country ; and direct that this expression of their feel- 
ings of regret for his death, and of respect for his 


memory, be recorded in their Minutes, and communi* 
cated to his family." 

The Meeting then appointed William F. Skene, 
Esq. Secretary of the Club, in room of the late Do- 
nald Gregory, Esq. ; and Archibald M'Neill, Esq. a 
Councillor in room of William F. Skene, Esq. The 
Secretary stated to the Meeting, that he would imme- 
diately proceed to prepare Part IV. of the Collectaneaj 
which would probably be ready in the course of the 
winter, and would complete the first volume. 

The sixth General Meeting of the Club was held 
at Edinburgh, upon Saturday, the 15th December 
1838. J. W. Mackenzie, Esq. in the Chair. 

The Meeting elected Alexander Sinclair, Esq. a 
Councillor, in room of Robert Pitcairn, Esq. who goes 
out by rotation. 

The Secretary then laid upon the table the Fourth 
Part of the Collectanea, which now completes the first 
volume. .The Treasurer read a report as to the state 
of the funds, from which it appeared that the balance 
in hand, together with the arrears which would pro- 
bably be recovered, would do little more than defray 
the expense of the part now printed, while he was of 
opinion that but few subscriptions would in future be 

The following Resolutions were then moved and 
seconded, and unanimously agreed to : — 

I. That the meeting look back upon the past labors 


of the Club with satisfaction, — and although they hav^B 
been unable in every respect to carry out the original 
intentions of the Club, yet the objects of its institution 
have on the whole been obtained. They have been 
the means of awaking a more general attention to the 
Ancient Literature of the Highlands, and the unpub- 
lished documents illustrative of its history. They 
have laid before the public a vast variety of valuable 
papers connected with the ancient history of the 
Highlands, which would otherwise have remained un- 
known and unemployed. And, lastly, they have 
secured the preservation of the valuable and extensive 
collection of documents made by the late Mr Donald 

n. That it is inexpedient at present to demand any 
further subscriptions from their Members, or to con- 
tinue the publication of the Collectanea, until a more 
general desire should be expressed for its continuance, 
and a greater support be given to the Club ; and that 
for the purpo3e of resuming its publication, the Secre- 
tary may at any time call a general meeting of the 
Club, upon a requisition signed by ten Members. 

II L That the collections of the Club shall be ac- 
cessible to all Members of the Club, and every faci- 
lity given for their consultation ; and for this purpose 
the following Gentlemen — viz. the Secretary, Trea- 
surer, and present Councillors of the Club, shall be 


WffoicilkA tVustees^ mith full p6imt to mtke nAy 4regu- 
ktidlitt Ttei^Mitig the ilse nf this M6S. or iar tfaeir 
b^iii^ depoisited ^th ntij jiublk bddy, should Utat be 
deemisd advisable. 

IV. That the Members of the Club ^titled to this 
privilege shall consist of those ^oly who havte contri- 
buted^ or whose contributions shall) within six months 
from this date, have amounted to Fwe Ouinea$% and 
that theise Members done shlU be entitled to receive 
Part IV. of the CoUecftanea. 

V. That the same rule shall apply to those Associate 
Members of the Club who shall have contributed One 

VI. That after six months from this date, this natnes 
bt all those Members who shall have made no cbh- 
tHbutioti whatever to this Gub shall b^ struck out of 
the list of Members. 

The Meeting then adjoiirned itWB die. 


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